1
vote
1answer
133 views

How many people were struck dead at Beth Shemesh?

In 1 Samuel 6:19 a number of people are struck dead by God after looking into the ark of the LORD. 1 Samuel 6:19 (NIV) But God struck down some of the inhabitants of Beth Shemesh, putting ...
8
votes
3answers
712 views

Revelation: Before or after AD70?

My question is about how the Book of Revelation is dated. Some say it was written before the destruction of Jerusalem in AD 70, and others say it was written later (maybe around AD 90.) Obviously the ...
0
votes
2answers
766 views

Why did Achish tell David he was as good as an angel?

Why did Achish tell David he was as good as an angel in 1 Samuel 29:9? And Achish answered and said to David, "I know that thou art good in my sight, as an angel of God: not withstanding the ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Comma? “Verily I say unto thee today, …” or “Verily I say unto thee, today…”

The reading of Luke 23:43 differs depending on how we punctuate it: And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, Today shalt thou be with me in paradise. Or And Jesus said unto him, ...
7
votes
4answers
8k views

What is the purpose of Elijah's travels?

At the beginning of 2 Kings 2, Elijah travels from Gilgal to Bethel to Jericho to the Jordan before being taken up in the whirlwind. Elisha then mostly reverses this course crossing back over the ...
1
vote
2answers
849 views

Why did God order the Israelites to kill all males in battle but spare females in Deuteronomy 20:13-14?

Why did God order the Israelites to kill all the males in a land after capturing it but spare the females?
4
votes
3answers
418 views

The time span of growing into Christ the Head in Ephesians 4:13-15

Ephesians 4:13: Till we all come in the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, unto a perfect man, unto the measure of the stature of the fulness of Christ Does this ...
0
votes
1answer
77 views

Extant manuscripts of 2 Peter

How many extant manuscripts of 2 Peter are there? I have searched online but I can't seem to find that information. Please cite your source.
9
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4answers
5k views

Let The Dead Bury The Dead

In the NIV translation of the Bible, under the heading "The Cost of Following Jesus," a disciple who wants to follow Jesus says, ... “Lord, first let me go and bury my father.” But Jesus told ...
-1
votes
3answers
952 views

When Jesus bowed his head, was he committing suicide?

When Jesus had received the sour wine, he said, “It is finished,” and he bowed his head and gave up his spirit.—John 19:30 (ESV) Does the text say or imply that this was a deliberate act ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

What gender does the pronouns have that denote ruach or pneuma? [closed]

In Hebrew the word for wind/breath/spirit is ruach, which is feminine (like all nouns for body parts). However, some theologians use that as an argument for calling the Holy Spirit "she". Pneuma in ...
3
votes
2answers
350 views

What does it mean in Matthew 24:15 and Mark 13:14 when the text says, “Whoso readeth, let him understand”?

I have seen that this remark is a redaction, but most reliable sources say that it was included in the original texts sometime in the 1st Century, most likely 66-70 CE. Commentaries over the direct ...
8
votes
4answers
1k views

“My son” in Hosea 11:1 quoted in Matt. 2:14-15

Matthew 2:14-15 (NASB) reads: 14So Joseph got up and took the Child and His mother while it was still night, and left for Egypt. 15He remained there until the death of Herod. This was to fulfill ...
8
votes
1answer
923 views

Peter's Psalm quotations in Acts 1:20

In Acts 1:20, Peter quotes Psalm 69:25 and Psalm 109:8: 20“For it is written in the Book of Psalms, “‘May his camp become desolate, and let there be no one to dwell in it’; and “‘Let ...
7
votes
3answers
422 views

What hermeneutical approach does Hebrews use on the Old Testament

Psalm 2:7 is quoted in two different contexts in Hebrews, seeming to be used to support two vastly different arguments. In Hebrews 1:5, we read For to which of the angels did God ever say, ...
3
votes
1answer
285 views

Does the Sadducees' question in Mark 12 imply polygamy was considered sinful?

The passage in question is Mark 12:18-23 (ESV): And Sadducees came to him, who say that there is no resurrection. And they asked him a question, saying, “Teacher, Moses wrote for us that if a ...
4
votes
1answer
159 views

Does Paul allude to the context of Psalm 19:4 in Romans 10:18?

In Romans 10:17, Paul says that hearing comes through the word of Christ. Then in verse 18, he quotes the Psalmist in response to the question, "But I ask, have they [the Israelites] not heard?" ...
10
votes
3answers
3k views

Why did Stephen give such a long speech?

Before he was stoned, Stephen gives a huge speech (Acts 7) going over Israeli history, from Abraham through Moses to David. I really don't understand the purpose of it. What is the overall message? ...
14
votes
1answer
690 views

Who is the author of Hebrews quoting in Hebrews 10:38?

Who is the author of Hebrews quoting in Hebrews 10:38? Now the just shall live by faith: but if [any man] draw back, my soul shall have no pleasure in him. The "just shall live by faith" part ...
5
votes
4answers
426 views

Was it Jesus' flight to or return from Egypt that fulfilled Hosea 11:1?

This question is related to this one about Matthew 2:14-15. So he got up, took the child and his mother during the night and left for Egypt, where he stayed until the death of Herod. And so was ...
6
votes
1answer
336 views

Does the LXX of Proverbs 1:7 have influence on the use of εὐσέβεια in the NT?

Is there any New Testament text wherin an influence of this LXX expanded translation is of interpretive importance in the NT (esp. with regard to εὐσέβεια)? Edit (question clarification): I find this ...
5
votes
2answers
220 views

Does 1 Thessalonians 4:17 borrow from Daniel 7?

Paul writes to the Thessalonians: After that, we who are still alive and are left will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air. And so we will be with the Lord ...
4
votes
2answers
116 views

When did the textual variation in Daniel 7:13 arise?

Daniel's famous vision is recorded in the middle of chapter 7: I was watching in the night visions, “And with the clouds of the sky one like a son of man was approaching. He went ...
17
votes
4answers
18k views

Is Jesus giving the Spirit in John 20:22?

After the resurrection in John's gospel, Jesus appears to the disciples and in John 20:22 he breathes on them and says, "Receive the Holy Spirit." What is happening here? Is Jesus giving them the Holy ...
2
votes
2answers
246 views

James 1:11 - “…its flower falls…”

James 1:11 contains the phrase "καὶ τὸ ἄνθος αὐτοῦ ἐξέπεσεν," which the ESV correctly literally translates as "[and] its flower falls." The NET takes more interpretive license and renders it "the ...
5
votes
2answers
256 views

When James and Jude use κύριος is their meaning limited to “master”?

In his book, The Jesus Dynasty, James Tabor asserts that James and Jude, which he takes to written by Jesus' brothers, use the term κύριος to mean something like "master". It was a sign of honor for ...
4
votes
2answers
583 views

What were the criteria for evaluating whether a book was included in the canons of scripture?

What criteria were used in collecting the Scriptures (Canon) which we know today as the Holy Bible. I'm not looking for new theological hypotheses here, just established ones. For example, how did ...
9
votes
2answers
262 views

Was Jesus raised 'for our justification' or 'because of' it?

In the NASB, Romans 4:25 (emphasis mine) reads: He who was delivered over because of our transgressions, and was raised because of our justification. However, in the ESV (emphasis mine) it ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

How strong was Midian's army?

When Israel took vengeance on Midian they sent 12,000 troops (Numbers 31:4) and prevailed: אֶלֶף, לַמַּטֶּה, אֶלֶף, לַמַּטֶּה--לְכֹל מַטּוֹת יִשְׂרָאֵל, תִּשְׁלְחוּ לַצָּבָא. Of every tribe a ...
4
votes
1answer
304 views

Should we read Melchizedek in Genesis 14 to be metaphorical?

Genesis 14:17-20 (NJPS): When he returned from defeating Chedorlaomer and the kings with him, the king of Sodom came out to meet him in the Valley of Shaveh, which is the Valley of the King. And ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

Was Ezekiel 37 understood as a prophesy of a literal Resurrection?

Ezekiel 37 presents a dramatic picture of a valley of bones being resurrected. The natural Christian interpretation is that it is an image of the day of the Lord when the righteous will be brought ...
1
vote
1answer
546 views

Who did Shelah (Judah's son) marry?

In Genesis we learn that Judah's sons Er and Onan died, and both of them were married to Tamar. Because of their deaths (and involvement with the same woman, Tamar), Judah thinks that Tamar has ...
6
votes
2answers
130 views

Are Psalms 23 and 24 both by David according to their prefixes?

Psalm 23 begins with the annotation: מזמור לדוד While Psalm 24 begins with a similar, but slight different one: לדוד מזמור Yet both are marked in the NET (and elsewhere) as "A psalm of David". I ...
4
votes
4answers
22k views

Does Jesus refer to aliens in John 10:16?

Jesus said: And I have other sheep that are not of this fold. I must bring them also, and they will listen to my voice. So there will be one flock, one shepherd.—John 10:16 (ESV) Who are ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

Jesus's genealogy: 28 generations or 41 since David?

These questions keep me wondering: Firstly, how is it possible that Matthew and Luke came up with completely different genealogies of Jesus ancestors, if they are both following the masculine line? ...
10
votes
3answers
831 views

How does the Noah's Ark narrative relate to the Gilgamesh flood account?

How does the Noah's Ark narrative relate to other the Gilgamesh flood account? For reference, the Biblical flood account is in Genesis 6-10 and the Gilgamesh flood account is on Tablet XI. The ...
11
votes
2answers
388 views

Did Jephthah have pets?

Judges 11:29-40 tells the story of Jephthah's victory over the Ammonites. Before the battle he promises, "whatever comes out of the door of my house to meet me when I return in triumph from the ...
4
votes
1answer
924 views

Why was there a Sabbath year?

Leviticus mentions a 'Sabbath year' where they were supposed to give the land a rest: The LORD said to Moses on Mount Sinai, 2“Speak to the Israelites and say to them: ‘When you enter the land I ...
6
votes
3answers
558 views

What does “when children come to the moment of birth and there is no strength” mean in this context?

In 2 Kings 19 king Hezekiah faces a great threat to Jerusalem from the Assyrian king. He delivers a message to Isiah with the following words: This day is a day of distress and rebuke and ...
2
votes
0answers
31 views

Who is the captain of the Lord's Host spoken of in Joshua 5:13-15? [duplicate]

Joshua 5:13-15 And it came to pass, when Joshua was by Jericho, that he lifted up his eyes and looked, and, behold, there stood a man over against him with his sword drawn in his hand: and Joshua ...
1
vote
2answers
168 views

As in Heaven so in Earth Luke 11:2

In newer versions of the Bible the phrase "as in heaven so in earth" appears to have replaced, "on earth as it is in heaven." I have heard that the "as in heaven so in earth" phrase is part of a ...
2
votes
1answer
26k views

What did Jesus mean by “the queen of the South”?

Answering a different question, I noticed this passage: Then some of the scribes and Pharisees answered him, saying, “Teacher, we wish to see a sign from you.” But he answered them, “An evil and ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

How should the ending of 2 Peter 2:11 read?

Related to this question, I noticed that the ending of 2 Peter 2:11 is translated respectively by the NIV and ESV as "from the Lord" and "before the Lord." From what I can tell this seems to be owing ...
0
votes
2answers
3k views

What is the original Greek translation of John 1:1? [duplicate]

Regarding John 1:1, I really want to know if the correct translation of the verse from Greek to English should contain the word God or the words a God?
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Does the New Testament predict Jesus' return on Rosh Hashanah?

The day of the Lord's return is sometimes associated with trumpets in the New Testament: For the Lord himself will descend from heaven with a cry of command, with the voice of an archangel, and ...
5
votes
3answers
3k views

In John 3:16, is the word believe a continous action for everlasting life?

Is eternal life in John 3:16 conditional on continous belief in Jesus Christ? The word "believe" in this verse is a present participle verb. Thanks very much!
5
votes
2answers
204 views

To what degree is understanding the feelings of a biblical author necessary in exegesis?

I find that miscommunication is often about feelings and not words. Ancient writings requires linguistics, history and cultural knowledge to provide accurate English versions that convey the original ...
10
votes
2answers
598 views

“which translated means…”

I am told that many scholars believe that the words of Jesus which we have presented to us in Greek were originally spoken in Aramaic. What confuses me then is why there are instances in the Greek ...
3
votes
2answers
427 views

What conclusions can be drawn from the change in verb tense of “believe” in Acts 16:31 & 16:34?

In Acts 16:31 the word "believe" is in the aorist tense (undefined action). In Acts 16:34 the word "believe" is in the perfect tense. What conclusions can be drawn exegetically from the change in verb ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

Explanation of Chronological Disparities between St. John and the Synoptic Gospels Concerning Jesus' Passion

Significant chronological disparities exist between St. John's telling of the life and death of Jesus and those of the synoptic gospels. For instance, St. John discusses a lot of Jesus' ministry, ...

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