5
votes
1answer
121 views

Who are the people God sent to deliver Israel in 1 Samuel 12:11?

The NET gives the following information about the list of names found in 1 Samuel 12:11: In the ancient versions there is some confusion with regard to these names, both with regard to the ...
5
votes
1answer
210 views

Do some of the manuscripts have a blank spot in Ephesians 1:1?

The NIV footnotes indicate that some early manuscripts do not have "in Ephesus" in then. The NET has extensive notes on this, but they only state the the earliest and most important MSS "omit" the ...
3
votes
1answer
116 views

Did Barak already know what he was supposed to do in Judges 4:6-7?

Since we're on a Deborah kick lately: The ESV renders Deborah's statement to Barak in Judges 4:6-7 as a question: Has not the LORD, the God of Israel, commanded you, "Go, gather your men at ...
9
votes
1answer
323 views

What role should textual (lower) criticism play in biblical hermeneutics (if any)?

A recent comment on another question demonstrated a common perspective, namely that textual criticism is usually a bad thing when interpreting scripture (some would even go so far as to say that it is ...
3
votes
1answer
193 views

In Romans 2:4, is καταφρονέω more properly translated as 'presume' or 'despise'?

Question: In Romans 2:4, is καταφρονέω more properly translated into English as 'presume' or 'despise'? Details: This is a key point that Paul is making, but since 'presume' and 'despise' are two ...
10
votes
1answer
252 views

Does the Shibboleth story help us date the book of Judges?

This story has always fascinated me: Judges 12:4-6 (ESV) 4 Then Jephthah gathered all the men of Gilead and fought with Ephraim. And the men of Gilead struck Ephraim, because they said, “You are ...
4
votes
1answer
169 views

What sort of disaster is Joel addressing?

In the first two chapters, Joel seems to be talking about an ecological disaster. Joel 1:20 (NJPS): The very beasts of the field Cry out to You; For the watercourses are dried up, And fire ...
4
votes
1answer
183 views

Separation of Luke-Acts

Does anyone know of any recent Biblical scholars who advocate for a position that separates Luke and Acts (from an interpretive point of view)? edit: Many scholars view Luke and Acts as an ...
2
votes
1answer
565 views

Request for parallels between Psalms and Proverbs

Can someone either post themselves or give me a link to a somewhat detailed comparison between Psalms and Proverbs where fairly word for word parallels are found? I am looking for all the instances ...
5
votes
1answer
343 views

Is there an implied connection between Abraham's circumcision and his fertility?

God establishes a covenant between Himself and Abram while simultaneously instituting the practice of circumcision in Genesis 17:3-14 (NJPS): Abram threw himself on his face; and God spoke to him ...
3
votes
2answers
82 views

Could the usage of the word “fish” be considered evidence for a later and more figurative writing of the gospels?

Per certain church teachings, the early church used the Icthus symbol as a recognization tool for other believers. The gospels as written also feature a large amount of fish imagery. Does this ...
5
votes
3answers
597 views

Why are fathers missing in Mark 10:30?

Mark 10:29 mentions father, but Mark 10:30 doesn't. Jesus said, “Truly, I say to you, there is no one who has left house or brothers or sisters or mother or father or children or lands, for my ...
3
votes
3answers
202 views

What is Jesus trying to tell us about divisions in the household?

49I have come to cast fire upon the earth, and how I wish that it were already kindled! 50I have a baptism with which to be baptized, and how greatly and sorely I am urged on (impelled, ...
1
vote
1answer
180 views

How many resurrection hours does Jesus refer to in John 5:25-29?

In John 5:25-29 we read: “Truly, truly, I say to you, an hour is coming, and is now here, when the dead will hear the voice of the Son of God, and those who hear will live. For as the Father has ...
1
vote
1answer
266 views

Which Hermeneutical schema support individual portions of texts taken out of order?

The "Roman Road" is a common evangelistic tool that features quoting 5 passages from Romans out of textual order (3:23, 6:23, 5:8, 10:13, 10:9-10.) This has been rejected by some because of the small ...
5
votes
2answers
156 views

What specific charge is brought against God in Romans 9:14?

In Romans 9:14, Paul asks the question, "What then shall we say? Is God unjust?" He replies, of course, "Not at all!" And then seemingly he goes on to give a reason for why God is not unjust. However, ...
5
votes
2answers
379 views

Was Nazareth a joke town?

Nathanael said (John 1:46a):  “Nazareth! Can anything good come from there?” Nathanael asked. What was the reputation of Nazareth at the time? Was it considered a "joke town" to be made fun of?
6
votes
2answers
166 views

Are the four profitable areas in 2 Tim 3:16 covering doctrine and practice?

Looking at 2 Tim 3:16 16 All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness, (ESV) I was checking some ...
6
votes
1answer
134 views

1 Cor 7:21 Is there any justification to translate this “remain a slave”?

I'm an Englishman and so am used to seeing the verse from 1 Cor 7 translated something like this: 20 Each one should remain in the condition in which he was called. 21Were you a slave when ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Historically, how was Jonah classified in terms of literary genre?

I've been reading through a lengthy discussion at this site over the historical nature of Jonah. One position that has been advanced is that there are internal text indicators that the narrative is ...
6
votes
1answer
912 views

How did the gospels get their names? [closed]

Unlike the epistles, which have the author's name at the beginning, the gospels do not say who wrote them. How did the names Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John get attached to them, and how certain can we ...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

Does God intend Jerusalem to be eternally shamed In Ezekiel 16?

Ezekiel 16 is a rather spectacular allegory that compares Jerusalem to a prostitute. God ends the story with this promise: “For thus says the Lord GOD: I will deal with you as you have done, you ...
4
votes
2answers
184 views

Does base-10 numbering in Genesis 4:24 argue against the Wiseman hypothesis?

This question is a bit esoteric. Looking at numbers in the Bible I noticed this story about one of Cain's decedents: And Lamech said to his wives, “Adah and Zillah, hear my voice; O wives of ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Does 1 Cor 1:21 suggest preaching is foolish?

Contextually speaking, does 1 Corinthians 1:21 in the KJV suggest that preaching is a foolish thing? For after that in the wisdom of God the world by wisdom knew not God, it pleased God by the ...
4
votes
3answers
458 views

When did Jonah compose his prayer in chapter 2?

Almost the entity of Jonah, chapter 2 is a prayer to God: Jonah prayed to the Lord his God from the belly of the fish. He said: In my trouble I called to the Lord, And He answered me; From ...
2
votes
1answer
210 views

How does “Sensus Plenior” differ from Allegory, Gnosticism, Kaballah, and Midrash?

People are divided on hermeneutic approaches. This is probably more true with the introduction of Sensus Plenior to the discussion. It would be helpful to have an explanation of it and how it differs ...
8
votes
2answers
828 views

How should graded numerical parallelism in Hebrew poetry be understood?

In Hebrew poetry, especially proverbs, we see examples of monotonically increasing numbers that set up parallels. For instance Proverbs 30:15 (NJPS): The leech has two daughters, “Give!” and ...
2
votes
1answer
813 views

Is the person who “denied the faith” in 1 Timothy 5:8 still a believer?

In 1 Timothy 5:8 (NIV), Paul states, "Anyone who does not provide for their relatives, and especially for their own household, has denied the faith and is worse than an unbeliever." Does the contrast ...
10
votes
2answers
852 views

What is “Regula Fidei”?

What is "Regula Fidei" and is this principle of interpretation considered obsolete by those who practice the Grammatical Historical approach to hermeneutics or does it survive in some form?
5
votes
1answer
500 views

What are the main tenets of the contextual analysis hermeneutical approach?

When using the hermeneutical approach of contextual analysis, What are the main tenets of this approach? How much context is usually necessary to consider?
8
votes
3answers
816 views

Is there a sacramentalism in the “Bread of Life” discourse?

The "Bread of Life" discourse in John 6:22-59 seems to have all the components of a good discussion on the Lord's Supper (or Eucharist, or communion, or whatever your tradition calls it): Jesus is ...
2
votes
1answer
506 views

Disqualification in 1 Cor. 9

In 1 Cor. 9:27, Paul says: But I discipline my body and keep it under control, lest after preaching to others I myself should be disqualified. (ESV) What is meant by being "disqualified"?
6
votes
1answer
117 views

What restrictions would Paul have been preaching against in Colossians 2?

Colossians 2:20-23 (ESV) 20 If with Christ you died to the elemental spirits of the world, why, as if you were still alive in the world, do you submit to regulations— 21 "Do not handle, Do ...
5
votes
2answers
794 views

Chronology of Jesus' ministry: John and the Synoptics

I've heard that there is a recent trend to see the Fourth Gospel - despite its obvious theological purpose as compared to especially Luke - as actually more chronological than the Synoptics. Wikipedia ...
2
votes
1answer
129 views

In John 12:23 why has the hour come for the Son of Man to be glorified?

In John 12:20-22 some Greeks come up to Philip and ask him if they can see Jesus. The disciples pass along this request to Jesus in v22 and all the sudden in v23 he replies that the hour has come for ...
4
votes
2answers
629 views

What is meant in the NT by the “laying on of hands”?

Paul mentions in his letters to Timothy a couple times about the laying on of hands: once in 1 Timothy 5:22 and again in 2 Timothy 1:6. Hebrews 6:1-2 seems to list it as one of the elementary ...
4
votes
2answers
5k views

What are higher and lower criticism?

What is historical criticism (also known as higher criticism)? What is textual criticism (also known as lower criticism)? How can they help us understand the scriptures? How can they interefere with ...
2
votes
3answers
351 views

Is there a scriptural warrant for the literal-historical approach?

Jesus appears to establish the Christological approach used by the apostles: Joh 5:39 Search the scriptures; for in them ye think ye have eternal life: and they are they which testify of me. ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

What is a Horizon of Understanding and how can it be applied to understanding the Bible?

Hans-Georg Gadamer uses Horizons of Understanding as a model for communication, and the concept of fusion of horizons is sometimes put forth as a way of explaining how one can approach a "text", but ...
8
votes
1answer
469 views

What was the roof likely made of in Mark 2:4?

We were talking about this last weekend and I've been curious about it. Mark 2:4 (NIV) Since they could not get him to Jesus because of the crowd, they made an opening in the roof above Jesus by ...
6
votes
1answer
889 views

David's righteousness in the Psalms

In the Psalms, there are several places where David portrays himself as righteous and blameless. For example, Psalm 26: 1Vindicate me, O Lord, for I have walked in my integrity, and I have ...
5
votes
1answer
7k views

What is an anagogical interpretation and when should it be considered?

First of all, what exactly is an anagogical interpretation? What is a good example of a text that can be understood to be anagoge? Secondly, what textual clues should one look for when considering ...
3
votes
1answer
141 views

What is the “high estate” that the lowly brother has in James 1:9?

A question was raised in one of my answers asking this question. I thought it deserved its own treatment. So, here it is for your consideration: In James, we read: James 1:9 (ASV) But let the ...
12
votes
2answers
2k views

Hermeneutical Approaches vs. Inductive Bible Study

Inductive Bible Study teaches that you observe, interpret, and then apply scripture, and has lots of specific things you should observe such as word repetitions, structural elements such as ...
4
votes
2answers
860 views

“That they may be one, even as we are one” in John 17:11

In John 17:11, Jesus prays that his disciples "may be one": 11And I am no longer in the world, but they are in the world, and I am coming to you. Holy Father, keep them in your name, which you ...
6
votes
2answers
805 views

Life after death in Ecclesiastes

How did the author of Ecclesiastes understand life after death and man's relationship to eternity? What passages in the book address or allude to this topic? Inspired by a reading of Ecclesiastes ...
8
votes
1answer
4k views

“Sealed” (ἐσφραγίσθητε) in Eph. 1:13

Eph. 1:13 (NASB) says: In Him, you also, after listening to the message of truth, the gospel of your salvation--having also believed, you were sealed in Him with the Holy Spirit of promise, What ...
9
votes
1answer
672 views

Justify (δικαιόω) in James 2:24, Romans 3:28

James 2:24 says: You see that a man is justified by works and not by faith alone. Romans 3:28 says: For we maintain that a man is justified by faith apart from works of the Law. What are ...
11
votes
1answer
547 views

What is the “Grammatical Historical Approach” to hermeneutics?

BH seems to be divided into several different approaches. What is the Grammatical Historical Approach and what are the primary ways that it differs from other modern approaches?

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