9
votes
2answers
184 views

Was there any significance to the term χριστὸς in koine Greek outside of Judeo-Christian thought?

This question is motivated by a reading of John 20:31: SBLGNT ταῦτα δὲ γέγραπται ἵνα πιστεύητε ὅτι Ἰησοῦς ἐστιν ὁ χριστὸς ὁ υἱὸς τοῦ θεοῦ, καὶ ἵνα πιστεύοντες ζωὴν ἔχητε ἐν τῷ ὀνόματι αὐτοῦ. ...
9
votes
5answers
817 views

Does the idea of being “born again” have a root earlier than John/Peter (or Jesus)?

In John 3:3, Jesus famously tells Nicodemus that to see the kingdom of God, one must be born again. Likewise, 1 Peter 1:3 and 1:23 both use this idea of a new or second birth. 1 Peter 1:3[...] In ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

What does 1 Corinthians 9:27 literally say?

I'm used to reading the Bible in Finnish, so 1 Corinthians 9:27 seems very non-literal in most English translations. The Finnish 1992 translation is usually quite dynamic, but in this case it starts ...
3
votes
1answer
131 views

Explanation of Isaiah 40:12

Isaiah 40:12 Who hath measured the waters in the hollow of his hand, and meted out heaven with the span, and comprehended the dust of the earth in a measure, and weighed the ...
4
votes
0answers
124 views

How does the Septuagint differ from the Masoretic text for Isaiah 7:14? [duplicate]

The JPS (1917) reads: Therefore the L-rd Himself shall give you a sign: behold, the young woman shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel. But the ESV reads: Therefore ...
6
votes
1answer
72 views

Can “avenge” be substituted for “require” in Genesis 9:5?

Genesis 9:5 begins: "And for your lifeblood I will surely demand an accounting. (NIV) "Surely I will require your lifeblood;" (NASB) "And surely your blood of your lives will I require;" (KJV) ...
4
votes
3answers
409 views

“Slave” vs. “servant” in Colossians [duplicate]

The translators of the NET note for Colossians 1:7 and 4:12, The Greek word translated “fellow slave” is σύνδουλος (sundoulo"); the σύν- prefix here denotes association. Though δοῦλος is normally ...
4
votes
1answer
238 views

Whom does Rebekah fear to lose? (Gen 27:45)

GEN 27:42-45 NIV When Rebekah was told what her older son Esau had said, she sent for her younger son Jacob and said to him, “Your brother Esau is planning to avenge himself by killing you. ...
2
votes
1answer
166 views

Have the sizes of the image of gold made of Nebuchadnezzar any significance?

King Nebuchadnezzar made an image of gold, sixty cubits high and six cubits wide, and set it up on the plain of Dura in the province of Babylon. (Daniel 3:1) Did these sizes represent something ...
1
vote
3answers
288 views

Interpretations of Revelation 16:8-11

What possible interpretations are there of the following verses? I am interested in hearing from both the scientific community and Christian community. I am wondering if my interpretation (now ...
6
votes
1answer
198 views

What is the meaning of “Place your bread on the grave of the righteous” in Tobit 4:17 NRSV?

Is this an idiom, a mistranslation, a reference to a cultural practice, or something else entirely?
7
votes
3answers
1k views

What is the historical basis for viewing Genesis 3:15 as the 'protoevangelium'?

Genesis 3:15 is referred to by Christian theologians as the protoevangelium (first proclamation of the [Christian] gospel). The text reads: Hebrew (MT): וְאֵיבָ֣ה׀ אָשִׁ֗ית בֵּֽינְךָ֙ וּבֵ֣ין ...
-3
votes
2answers
291 views
2
votes
2answers
130 views

Winter refers to what climate

I believe the Bible mentions "winter" a total of 16 times. (I am hopeful the following is an appropriate question) For example Matthew 24:20 Pray that your flight will not take place in winter or ...
2
votes
1answer
648 views

What sort of “slave” is Paul referring to in 1 Corinthians 7:21-23?

Paul writes the following in his first letter to the Corinthian church: Were you called while a slave? Do not worry about it; but if you are able also to become free, rather do that. For he who ...
4
votes
2answers
194 views

How to interpret John 6:32-33

Jesus said to them, “I assure you: Moses didn’t give you the bread from heaven, but My Father gives you the real bread from heaven. 33 For the bread of God is the One who comes down from heaven and ...
1
vote
1answer
375 views
5
votes
1answer
420 views

Date of appearance of the New Testament in Syriac (Peshitta)

I was reading a book [pdf] that defends the translation Reina-Valera 1960 and the Textus Receptus (its base text for the New Testament). One argument says that the version Peshitta used as base text ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Who is the man in linen in Ezekiel 9?

In the Good News translation of Ezekiel 9 there are six men who will punish the city and a man in linen who will mark the heads of those in the city who are distressed at its abominable behaviour. ...
3
votes
2answers
661 views

Is the word for 'helper' used to describe Eve in Genesis 2, also used for God helping Israel?

I heard in a sermon podcast I was listening to, this claim: Now the word used for helper when describing Eve is the same word used to describe God in the way he helps Israel This being in ...
6
votes
4answers
2k views

Jeremiah 21 King Nebuchadnezzar same as in Daniel?

Jeremiah 21:2 says that King Nebuchadnezzar is attacking Israel. Is this the same Nebuchadnezzar that places Daniel in a high government position? I know that many kings had the same names at that ...
6
votes
1answer
407 views

“ἐν Ἐφέσῳ” in Ephesians 1:1

Some comments says that the oldest manuscripts do not contain "in Ephesus" e.g. Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary, Scofield Reference Notes, Clarke's Commentary on the Bible... What can we ...
9
votes
3answers
2k views

Historical interpretations of Ezekiel's vision of a temple

From Ezekiel 40 to the end, the author records a pretty detailed vision of a temple. Historically, what are the main ways this vision been interpreted? Did the rabbis consider this vision to be ...
5
votes
1answer
333 views

Who is being judged in Romans 3:4?

Romans 3:4b, Paul quoting the psalm (SBLGNT): Ὅπως ἂν δικαιωθῇς ἐν τοῖς λόγοις σου καὶ νικήσεις ἐν τῷ κρίνεσθαί σε. The Hebrew (51:4) is always translated with God as the subject - "thy ...
3
votes
1answer
259 views

Why are thighs important?

There is an old question on Christianity.SE which I suggested that it should also be asked here - since we don't migrate OLD questions. In doing so, I noticed that the OP hasn't been really active ...
3
votes
2answers
106 views

John 20:17: τὸν πατέρα μου καὶ πατέρα ὑμῶν καὶ θεόν μου καὶ θεὸν ὑμῶν

In John 20:17, instead of saying τὸν πατέρα ἡμῶν καὶ θεόν ἡμῶν, that is, "our Father and our God," Jesus instead says, τὸν πατέρα μου καὶ πατέρα ὑμῶν καὶ θεόν μου καὶ θεὸν ὑμῶν, that is, "my Father ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

What is Paul referring to in 2 Timothy 4:2?

What does Paul mean when he says "be ready whether it is convenient or not" or "Be ready in season and out of season" according to the translation in 2 Timothy 4:2? 2 Timothy 4:2 (NET) Preach ...
12
votes
3answers
11k views

What is the third heaven that Paul mentions in 2 Corinthians 12:2?

2 Corinthians 12:2 (NIV) 2 I know a man in Christ who fourteen years ago was caught up to the third heaven. Whether it was in the body or out of the body I do not know—God knows. What is ...
6
votes
1answer
216 views

Romans 5:1 and peace with God

The UBS4 reading of Romans 5:1 is: Δικαιωθέντες οὖν ἐκ πίστεως εἰρήνην ἔχομεν πρὸς τὸν θεὸν διὰ τοῦ κυρίου ἡμῶν Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ (emphasis added) At issue is a textual variation concerning the ...
11
votes
2answers
541 views

Was Job short-changed in the end?

The LXX and Masoretic Text (MT) disagree concerning the number of oxen and donkeys which Job once owned; however, both the LXX and MT are mathematically consistent in that Job received double from the ...
6
votes
1answer
175 views

Language question in Mark 15:34

In Mark 15:34, why was part of the verse left in the Aramaic language instead of being translated into English? Why, if the rest was translated, does that line remain the same? 15:34 Around three ...
4
votes
1answer
257 views

The original form(s) of Isaiah 2:2-4 // Micah 4:1-3

Isaiah/Yeshaayahu 2:2-4 and Micah/Micha 4:1-3 (BHS) are almost 90% identical in the Hebrew, leading scholars such as Oswalt to speculate that there may have been two original sources or one source ...
6
votes
2answers
591 views

“Spiritual Enlightenment” in John 7:17

In some books of hermeneutics, I have found a principle or rule or law, similar to the following: The Principle of Spiritual Enlightenment declares that God promises to enlighten the understanding ...
9
votes
2answers
590 views

Who is the “True Companion” in Philippians 4:3?

The Epistle of Paul to the Philippians is written in the second person plural, except for the following verse. Philippians 4:3 (NASB) 3 Indeed, true companion, I ask you also to help these women ...
7
votes
3answers
193 views

In Rev 19:16, why is the Name on the Word's thigh and robe?

The fact that the Name is on the Robe makes sense, because that's where the High Priest wore the Breastplate with the 12 Jewels and the Urim and Thummim; and the 12 Jewels are an echo and elaboration ...
8
votes
5answers
9k views

What is the baptism of fire?

In Luke 3, some are wondering if John the Baptist could be the Christ. He denies this claim like so: John answered them all, “I baptize you with water. But one more powerful than I will come, the ...
4
votes
3answers
744 views

Is Saul's insult intended to be incoherent?

Then Saul's anger was kindled against Jonathan, and he said to him, “You son of a perverse, rebellious woman, do I not know that you have chosen the son of Jesse to your own shame, and to the shame ...
3
votes
1answer
641 views

What does Ezekiel 26:14 mean by 'Tyre shall never be rebuilt'?

Ezekiel 26:7-14 (ESV) 7  “For thus says the Lord God: Behold, I will bring against Tyre from the north Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, king of kings, with horses and chariots, and with ...
11
votes
2answers
155 views

Who is 'us' in 2 Peter 1

Peter switches from 'us' to 'you' in 1:4: 3His divine power has granted to us all things that pertain to life and godliness, through the knowledge of him who called us to his own glory and ...
10
votes
3answers
762 views

What is the significance of the phrase ὁ ὢν καὶ ὁ ἦν καὶ ὁ ἐρχόμενος in the Apocalypse?

The phrase ὁ ὢν καὶ ὁ ἦν καὶ ὁ ἐρχόμενος occurs four times in the Textus Receptus, all in the Apocalypse as follows: Rev. 1:4: ὁ ὢν καὶ ὁ ἦν καὶ ὁ ἐρχόμενος Ἰωάννης ταῖς ἑπτὰ ἐκκλησίαις ταῖς ἐν ...
4
votes
1answer
129 views

Explanation of the Textual Variant in Mark 14:65

The Textus Receptus (Estienne, 1550) has: Καὶ ἤρξαντό τινες ἐμπτύειν αὐτῷ καὶ περικαλύπτειν τὸ πρόσωπον αὐτοῦ καὶ κολαφίζειν αὐτὸν καὶ λέγειν αὐτῷ Προφήτευσον καὶ οἱ ὑπηρέται ῥαπίσμασιν αὐτὸν ...
9
votes
1answer
378 views

What does “Qr perpetuum” mean?

In the BDB entry for הוא http://biblehub.com/hebrew/1931.htm, the term "Qr perpetuum" appears, but I have no clue what it means. From logical deduction, I can conclude it means something like "from ...
4
votes
1answer
237 views

Where should the Messianic application begin and end in Jacob's blessing to Judah?

In Jacob' blessing to Judah (Genesis 49:9-12) both ancient Rabbinic and ancient Christian commentators have assigned the Messiah to be 'him' (in Hebrew 'Shiloh'). However, starting at 'Binding his ...
5
votes
2answers
351 views

What is meant by “clean” and “unclean” animals in Genesis 7?

Genesis 7 orders Noah to take "clean" and "unclean" animals with him into the Ark, but this is way before people received kosher laws on what animals could be eaten. So what is meant here by clean and ...
2
votes
2answers
65 views

What are 'the laws' in Exodus 18?

When Moses judged the people of Israel, we read in Exodus 18:20 about the laws: and you shall warn them about the statutes and the laws, and make them know the way in which they must walk and ...
0
votes
1answer
91 views

Why does Genesis refer to the flood making the earth corrupt?

Gen 9:11 says: "...neither shall there ever again be a flood to destroy the earth and make it corrupt." (Amplified Bible). Didn't the flood wipe away corruptness? Why does it say here that the flood ...
5
votes
1answer
843 views

Luke 7:33 - Why didn't John the Baptist eat bread?

According to Luke 7:33, John the Baptist "came neither eating bread nor drinking wine" (KJV). King James Version: For John the Baptist came neither eating bread nor drinking wine; and ye say, He ...
4
votes
1answer
148 views

Heb. 2:16 — Is the translation of the KJV accurate?

The King James Version (1611) seems to take some liberty in its translation of Heb. 2:16: Notice how the font of "the nature of" (as well as "him") is different from the rest of the verse, ...
9
votes
1answer
138 views

Why in some translations of Romans 16 there is “amen” twice in the text?

I was reading some crazy theory that New Testament was created by Romans when I stumbled upon something interesting. Author(s) of that theory pointed out that in Letter to Romans there is double ...
9
votes
1answer
154 views

Why Jeremiah used both encrypted and original name in single verse?

Many sources (eg. Bible glosses, articles) state that Jeremiah used Atbash Cipher to hide true meaning of certain names. According to these sources, name "Sheshakh" (ששך) really means "Babylon" (בבל). ...

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