13
votes
1answer
132 views

Is Romans 3:24-26 original to Paul?

Romans 3:23-26 (NA28, ESV): πάντες γὰρ ἥμαρτον καὶ ὑστεροῦνται τῆς δόξης τοῦ θεοῦ for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, δικαιούμενοι δωρεὰν τῇ αὐτοῦ χάριτι διὰ τῆς ...
3
votes
1answer
135 views

Who were the Nicolaitans and why did Jesus hate their deeds?

A popular view of Jesus is that His being all love means that He cannot hate anyone or anything. In light of this, Revelation 2:6 has a very curious statement from Jesus: But this thou hast, that ...
8
votes
1answer
160 views

What is meant by keeping people blind and deaf so as not to get healed?

What is meant by keeping people blind and deaf so as not to get healed? I understand this to be one of those scriptures that is meant to challenge our understanding, such as "drink my blood and eat ...
3
votes
1answer
62 views

Why is Luke 24:44 rendered “ψαλμοῖς” instead of “Αγιογραφία”?

This verse appears to be referring to the Tanakh, which of course contains the Torah ("Teaching", which contains the Law of Moses), Nevi'im ("Prophets") and Ketuvim ("Writings" or "Hagiographa"), but ...
4
votes
2answers
126 views

What is being “judged” in 2 Corinthians 5:10?

In 2 Corinthians 5:10, Paul talks about the judgment seat or the "bema" of Christ. What is being "judged" here? 10For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, so that each one may ...
8
votes
3answers
480 views

What is the difference between “eretz” and “adamah” in Gen 2:6?

These two words are variably translated as ground, earth, land etc. How should we understand the difference between the words in this passage? Genesis 2:6 And a mist was going up from the land ...
4
votes
2answers
82 views

Is there a case to be made that Luke wrote the book of Hebrews?

When I compare and contrast the writings in the book of Romans versus Hebrews they sound very different and in some cases a bit contradictory to each other. Paul emphasizes the certainty of salvation ...
3
votes
2answers
182 views

Are there any non-biblical occurrences of Koine Greek? Are there occurrences prior to the Septuagint/NT?

It is taught and widely held, that the Hebrew Bible was translated into the Greek used by the common people of the day (Septuagint) and that the Greek NT was written in Koine Greek, the common ...
5
votes
1answer
93 views

What does Song 1:1 tell us about Solomon's relationship to the book?

Song 1:1: שִׁ֥יר הַשִּׁירִ֖ים אֲשֶׁ֥ר לִשְׁלֹמֹֽה׃ (BHS) The Song of Songs, which is Solomon’s.(ESV) I have seen it postulated* that the final word here (a lamed preposition prefixed to the name ...
4
votes
1answer
89 views

Could μονογενής mean simply “unique”?

In this article Hebrew scholar Michael Heiser makes the claim that the term μονογενής (monogenēs) in John 3:16 means "unique" rather than "only-begotten." However, he does not provide citations, ...
1
vote
0answers
136 views

What is Satan's relationship with God? [closed]

In Job 1:6, Satan comes to God along with the sons of God: Now there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the Lord, and Satan also came among them. ESV If Satan is ...
3
votes
1answer
112 views

Why the close parallels between the story of Elijah raising the widow’s son, in 1 Kings 17:10-24, and Jesus raising the widow’s son in Luke 7:11-16?

Some parallels between the two narratives: Both stories mention the “city gate” (1 Kings 17:10; Luke 7:12) Both stories concern raising the dead son of a widow (1 Kings 17:10,21-2; Luke 7:12) Both ...
9
votes
1answer
142 views

“Overcome” vs “comprehend” in John 1:5

John 1:5 reads in the ESV: The light shines in the darkness, and the darkness has not overcome it. I recently heard the KJV quoted and was struck by the difference: And the light shineth in ...
6
votes
2answers
141 views

Accurate translation of חֶמְדַּ֣ת in Haggai 2:7

Haggai 2:7 (BHS): וְהִרְעַשְׁתִּי֙ אֶת־כָּל־הַגֹּויִ֔ם וּבָ֖אוּ חֶמְדַּ֣ת כָּל־הַגֹּויִ֑ם וּמִלֵּאתִ֞י אֶת־הַבַּ֤יִת הַזֶּה֙ כָּבֹ֔וד אָמַ֖ר יְהוָ֥ה צְבָאֹֽות׃ I've been researching and I've ...
2
votes
2answers
72 views

Is Paul saying that Jews will be saved in Romans 4:16?

So the promise is received by faith. It is given as a free gift. And we are all certain to receive it, whether or not we live according to the law of Moses, if we have faith like Abraham's. For ...
5
votes
1answer
187 views

The name of God in ancient manuscripts

I came across the following from an unofficial/unverified source: Yahu An alternative spelling and pronunciation of Yahweh, found (spelled YHW) on a circa 800 B.C.E. ostracon from Kuntillet ...
4
votes
1answer
71 views

In Acts 3:20, Is Peter Referring to Christ's Second Coming?

Acts 3:19-22 NIV Repent, then, and turn to God, so that your sins may be wiped out, that times of refreshing may come from the Lord, and that he may send the Messiah, who has been appointed ...
7
votes
0answers
72 views

What were the historical reasons why Revelation was included in most Christian canons? [duplicate]

According to Wikipedia: Revelation was the last book to be accepted into the Christian biblical canon, and even at the present day some Nestorian churches reject it. It was tainted because the ...
6
votes
1answer
105 views

Matthew vs Levi in the Gospel according to Matthew

Referring to: Matthew 9:9 - "a man called Matthew" Mark 2:14 - "Levi the son of Alphaeus" Luke 5:27 - "a tax collector named Levi" Is it widely regarded that Levi and Matthew are the same person ...
5
votes
1answer
163 views

Was Enoch taken because he was righteous? Genesis 5:24

Genesis 5:24 reads: Enoch walked faithfully with God; then He was no more, because God took him away. Is this stating that Enoch was the only righteous man apart from Noah at this time? What ...
2
votes
0answers
28 views

Did Alcimus give away the crown of the High Priest?

Did Alcimus give away the crown of the High Priest (Exo 28:36)? Or another golden crown? "Came to king Demetrius in the year one hundred and fifty, presenting unto him a crown of gold, and a ...
6
votes
4answers
258 views

What does it mean for the kingdom of heaven to suffer violence?

And from the days of John the Baptist until now the kingdom of heaven suffers violence, and the violent take it by force. (Matthew 11:12, NKJV) What does this verse mean?
-2
votes
1answer
158 views

What was the hedge the LORD made around Job? (1:10)

What is the meaning of "made a hedge" in this verse? Does the Septuagint translation provide any additional insight into the meaning? Job 1:10 NKJ "Have You not made a hedge around him, around ...
-4
votes
1answer
93 views

Double-doubt about Numbers 12:6-8, the Speaker cannot be (or include) Jesus. (so no Trinity here) [closed]

The speaker of these verses cannot be (or include) Jesus, so where is there a Trinity here? Who is the LORD addressing in the text, and what is the lack of fear in speaking against Moses about? ...
5
votes
1answer
102 views

Does Isaiah 40 indicate (along with science) that the universe is expanding?

Does this passage in Isaiah indicate that the heavens (e.g. universe) is expanding, in agreement with scientific observations? Am I interpreting this correctly? It would be pretty amazing if this is ...
4
votes
1answer
89 views

Does Job intend to see God “in” or “without” his flesh in Job 19:26?

Job 19:26 reads: And after my skin has been thus destroyed, yet in my flesh I shall see God.(ESV) The ESV footnote on the word in says, “or without”. The NET note: This could mean “without ...
2
votes
1answer
50 views

What does “godliness” mean?

The word godliness is used 10-15 times in the New Testament (depending on which translation you use), most frequently in the books of 1 Timothy and 2 Peter. Some notable passages: 2 Peter 1:5-7 ...
7
votes
6answers
416 views

What historical reasons resulted in Revelation being included in most Christian canons?

As a source, the book of Revelation is something of an outlier for a book of the Bible that got accepted into the canonical New Testament of most branches of Christianity: it is the only explicitly ...
4
votes
1answer
139 views

Did Jesus establish new law?

We have established that Jesus fulfilled the law, and in Matthew 5:17-48 provided various interpretations of law that emphasized compliance of the heart as opposed to literal compliance of pharisaical ...
3
votes
2answers
213 views

What did Jesus mean by 'the gates of hell'?

Jesus said that the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. And I tell you, you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. (Matt ...
3
votes
2answers
102 views

What is it that Paul prays Ephesians will comprehend?

Writing to the Ephesians, Paul talks about his prayer life: For this reason I bow my knees before the Father, ... [that you] may have strength to comprehend with all the saints what is the breadth ...
6
votes
4answers
124 views

What did the Philippian jailer mean by “saved”?

In Acts 16:30, after the earthquake and the loosing of the chains of Paul and Silas, the Philippian jailer asks them (NA28): κύριοι, τί με δεῖ ποιεῖν ἵνα σωθῶ; Sirs, what must I do to be saved? ...
5
votes
1answer
92 views

Is the Sermon on the Mount intended to be literal instructions?

Possibly Related Question: Did Jesus teach people to literally pluck their eye out and cut their hand off? The above PRQ is an oft-cited example of proposed hyperbole, and is used completely out ...
-4
votes
1answer
92 views

The Second Greatest Commandment [closed]

Love your neighbor as yourself. - Matt 22:36-40 I would like to take appart this commandment in order to better understand it. These five words require an extensive analysis especially since ...
0
votes
2answers
77 views

Does the Bible include an unambiguous reference to divinely-appointed genocide? [closed]

One thing which I have always taken as a matter of course was that the Old Testament had definitive references to God ordering that Israel should completely eradicate one nation/ethnic group. ...
-2
votes
2answers
86 views

Does 1 Corinthians 1:10-13 refer to 'cults'?

The commandment "to not let there be divisions", (1 Cor 1:10), uses the word "σχίσματα/schismata." In this context, "σχίσματα" carries with it a very negative connotation. But, our modern ...
4
votes
2answers
66 views

After He had offered one sacrifice for sins for ever (Hebrews 10:12)

Hebrews 10:11-12 (KJV) 11 And every priest standeth daily ministering and offering oftentimes the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins: 12 But this man, after he had offered one ...
7
votes
4answers
1k views

What is the difference between hope and faith?

Since the words "faith" and "hope" are used side-by-side and in ways that faith (πίστις) is built on hope (ἐλπίς), they shouldn't have the same meaning. 1 Corinthians 13:13 And now these three ...
2
votes
0answers
59 views

Clarification on the Greek pronoun allos [closed]

Calling all Greek experts! I'm particularly curious about the pronoun allos. I'm not educated enough in the nuances of Greek grammar to be able to accurately come up with an answer so I'd like to get ...
3
votes
1answer
106 views

To whom was Boaz paying when buying Naomi's land?

Ruth 4:9: Then Boaz said to the elders and all the people, “You are witnesses this day that I have bought from the hand of Naomi all that belonged to Elimelech and all that belonged to Chilion ...
5
votes
2answers
120 views

What is the meaning of 1 Corinthians 14:22-25?

The description in verses 23-25 seems to contradict verse 22, how is prophecy a sign to believers and tongues a sign to unbelievers? 1 Corinthians 14:22-25 22 Thus tongues are a sign not for ...
8
votes
2answers
121 views

Daniel 7:27 translation

I hope someone can help me with this one. Question - What is the correct translation of end of Daniel 7:27? Is it Him (God) or it (kingdom)? As much as I looked, all English translations say Him - ...
2
votes
3answers
159 views

What is the “evil” Paul keeps doing in Romans 7:19?

Paul confesses that he has the desire to do what is good, but that he cannot carry it out. Quoting NIV 1984: Romans 7:19: For what I do is not the good I want to do; no, the evil I do not want ...
4
votes
2answers
95 views

Translation of ἁμαρτίαν in 2 Cor. 5:21 - What did God make Jesus?

The Greek text of 2 Cor. 5:21 has been translated in various ways: τὸν γὰρ μὴ γνόντα ἁμαρτίαν ὑπὲρ ἡμῶν ἁμαρτίαν ἐποίησεν ἵνα ἡμεῖς γινώμεθα δικαιοσύνη θεοῦ ἐν αὐτῷ If the translation of ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

What or who is 'the god of the earth' Revelation 11:4?

Revelation 11:4 "These are the two olive trees and the two candlesticks standing before the god of the earth" Why has this phrase the god of the earth been used to describe the being before whom the ...
7
votes
1answer
95 views

What does the vocabulary of 2 Peter indicate about its authorship?

The opening verse of 2 Peter states that the book was written by “Simeon Peter, a servant and apostle of Jesus Christ" (ESV). By this we understand the claim to be Simon Bar-Jonah (Matt 16:17), a ...
9
votes
2answers
179 views

According to the original Hebrew, how did Moses's Red sea crossing look?

I heard a different viewpoint on the depiction of the whole red sea crossing than I am used to, and now I am wondering what the correct interpretation is. Instead of the sea splitting open and ...
7
votes
2answers
165 views

Why does John not participate properly in worship in the book of Revelation?

One central theme in the book of Revelation is worship. For instance, in Craig Koester's book, "Revelation and the End of All Things", he considers the worship scene in chapters 4-5 to form the heart ...
3
votes
2answers
80 views

What is the significance of locations in hermeneutics? Amos 5:4-6 as case passage

How far and how literally do named locations inform us of the recipients of a proclamation or prophecy? There are many passages where the recipient is known already, both contextually in the book and ...
7
votes
0answers
98 views

1 Cor 13 gongs and cymbals: waking the gods

1 Cor 13:1: If I speak in the tongues of men and of angels, but have not love, I am a noisy gong or a clanging cymbal. (ESV) Ἐὰν ταῖς γλώσσαις τῶν ἀνθρώπων λαλῶ καὶ τῶν ἀγγέλων, ἀγάπην δὲ ...

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