3
votes
1answer
550 views

Moses' manufacture of the “bronze serpent” - what bronze?

In Numbers 21:9 it says: So Moses made a bronze snake and put it on a pole, so that if a snake had bitten someone, when he looked at the bronze snake he lived. [NET] Where would Moses probably ...
5
votes
2answers
140 views

What does Jesus mean by “Pray then like this:” before the “Lord's Prayer”

7“And when you pray, do not heap up empty phrases as the Gentiles do, for they think that they will be heard for their many words. 8Do not be like them, for your Father knows what you need before ...
1
vote
1answer
90 views

Looking for electronic copies of the original Hebrew, Greek and Aramaic texts, and electronic translation/analyses databases to interpret them [closed]

If this question is worded poorly or could be rephrased, please do help me know how best to ask it. I am genuinely seeking the information outlined below, but I'm new here, so please forgive me if I ...
3
votes
2answers
144 views

Is “God” capitalised because it's the given name of Christianity's god?

When explaining when "God" is capitalised and when it is not to people from a non-English-speaking background, I say that it's capitalised when it's referring to Christianity's god, because it's the ...
6
votes
1answer
296 views

Proper translation of John 1:1

Is there any particular reason why "kai Theós ēn ho Lógos" is translated "and the Word was God" and not "and God was the Word"?
2
votes
1answer
79 views

Why is Breath or Wind a better translation choice then Spirit? [closed]

"Spirit" occurs 505 times in 456 verses in the KJV. The English word is translated from the Hebrew ruach and the Greek pnuema. Both of these words can also mean "breath" or "wind." All three uses ...
4
votes
3answers
97 views

What's The Significance of Paul Saying “Pastors And Teachers”?

As far as I know, it has been widely argued that the "shepherds (or pastors) and teachers" in this verse stands collectively, that is, they are treated as one class of office. If so, what is the ...
3
votes
1answer
115 views

KJV Romans 12:3 according as God hath dealt to every man the measure of faith

In the King James Bible Romans 12:3 states ... "according as God hath dealt to every man the measure of faith"... Does this mean each of us was given a different "measure of faith"; that each was ...
4
votes
3answers
222 views

Is there a difference between 'seeing' the Kingdom of God, and 'entering' it? (John 3)

My question concerns two verses in John's Gospel. I'm using the English Standard Version here but I think the same question arises in other translations: Jesus answered him, “Truly, truly, I say ...
1
vote
1answer
114 views

How Did Noah Know About the Clean and Unclean Animals? [duplicate]

In the account of the Flood, God commanded Noah to bring in seven pairs of "clean" animals and a pair of animals that are "not clean". Here we have a very early distinction of clean and unclean ...
4
votes
1answer
109 views

Are the divine name and its contracted form somehow unique or are they truly inter-changeable?

According to Strongs H3050, there are 48 occurrences in the Hebrew Bible where God's name is rendered as יָהּ (Yah). Most of these are found in the Psalms. This suggests it is a poetic form. ...
7
votes
1answer
120 views

Is the source text of part of 1 Kings 19 potentially from a corrupted copy?

I noticed a similarity in two sets of passages from 1 Kings 19, and was wondering if either (1) there is any historical textual evidence that might point to dittography having occurred, and that a ...
2
votes
2answers
98 views

Why doesn't St. Paul use LOVE for each of the members, when he lays out the Rules for a Christian Households [Col 3:18-20]?

In laying out Rules for a Christian Households, St. Paul says in: Colossians 3:18-20 (RSVCE) Rules for Christian Households 18 Wives, be subject to your husbands, as is fitting in the Lord. ...
5
votes
1answer
162 views

Did Matthew intend “evil” or “the evil one” in the Lord’s Prayer?

I previously asked a question about how to understand these words in the language Jesus was originally speaking. However, the text we have is in Greek, and I realized I’m not as familiar with the ...
2
votes
2answers
165 views

Galatians 3:22 - Did the law imprison us under sin or imprison the things which were already under sin?

I have a question on the translation of Galatians 3:22. Most English translations give something like the NIV gives: But Scripture has locked up everything under the control of sin, so that what ...
7
votes
3answers
191 views

Are there differences in how the Spirit empowers people?

In the Hebrew Bible, the Spirit of the Lord empowers people. Examples include: Judges 14:19 The Lord’s spirit empowered him. [NET] The word used in Judges 14:19 is a form of tsalach meaning ...
3
votes
1answer
252 views

Deliver us from “evil” or “the evil one” – help from the Semitists?

Matthew 6:13 ESV And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil. But NIV And do not lead us into temptation, but deliver us from the evil one. UBS5 καὶ μὴ εἰσενέγκῃς ἡμᾶς ...
5
votes
1answer
138 views

Was John the Baptist a member of the Essene community at Qumran?

This paper by Alan Farnes is one of many that have identified John’s appropriation of Isaiah 40:3 as reminiscent of the Qumran documents (a.k.a. Dead Sea Scrolls): John 1:23 (ESV) He said, “I am ...
2
votes
3answers
175 views

Why does John the Baptist deny being “Elijah”?

So Malachi rather cryptically ends with “See, I will send the prophet Elijah to you before that great and dreadful day of the Lord comes. He will turn the hearts of the parents to their ...
1
vote
2answers
69 views

The Lord Needs It - How did the owners perceive the word Lord? [duplicate]

How did the owners of the colt perceive the Word for Lord? And if anyone asks you, ‘Why are you loosing it?’ thus you shall say to him, ‘Because the Lord has need of it.’” 32 So those who were ...
0
votes
0answers
62 views

Translate Daniel 11:40 into English

I have learnt Biblical Hebrew. Can Daniel 11:40 be translated into two or three ways? Why? Modern English translations of the Bible translate one way and the LXX Greek version translates it another ...
6
votes
2answers
561 views

Assessments of the evidence for the “Gap Theory” reading of Genesis 1:1-2?

Ever since the emergence of an understanding of "geological time" in the 18th Century, there has been a perceived tension with the six-day account of creation in Genesis 1 -- at least, if those "days" ...
3
votes
4answers
505 views

What does the oil in the ten virgins parable represent?

The parable of the ten virgins is found in Matthew 25:1-12. Verses 8-9 (ESV) read: And the foolish said to the wise, ‘Give us some of your oil, for our lamps are going out.’ But the wise ...
4
votes
1answer
73 views

Accurate translation of הִתְעֵתֶים in Jeremiah 42:20

Jeremiah 42:20 (BHS): כִּ֣י הִתְעֵתֶים בְּנַפְשֹֽׁותֵיכֶם֒ כִּֽי־אַתֶּ֞ם שְׁלַחְתֶּ֣ם אֹתִ֗י אֶל־יְהוָ֤ה אֱלֹֽהֵיכֶם֙ לֵאמֹ֔ר הִתְפַּלֵּ֣ל בַּעֲדֵ֔נוּ אֶל־יְהוָ֖ה אֱלֹהֵ֑ינוּ וּכְכֹל֩ אֲשֶׁ֨ר ...
3
votes
1answer
144 views

Matthew 10:28 - Is there anything linguistic to support eternal torment in this verse?

In Matthew 10:28 is there anything linguistic to support eternal torment in this verse? The natural interpretation obviously is that this teaches annihilationism since he uses the word "destroy" not ...
0
votes
2answers
95 views

About prophesies in the Book of Daniel

In Daniel 12:4, it says in the Old King James version: ...many shall run to and fro, and knowledge shall be increased. But in the New International Version it reads: Many will go here and ...
1
vote
1answer
107 views

What does Luke 18:8 mean, and how is “faith” used in this context?

Luke 18:8 reads, Nevertheless when the Son of man cometh, shall he find faith on the earth? The word for "faith" used is πίστιν, which seems to denote an 'active present sense', given the many ...
5
votes
2answers
178 views

“Pass over” or “cover over” in Exodus 12?

Exodus 12:13b (ESV) And when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and no plague will befall you to destroy you, when I strike the land of Egypt. Exodus 12:13b (BHS) וְרָאִ֨יתִי֙ ...
1
vote
1answer
133 views

Psalm 23:6 correct translation

In Psalm 23:6, the וְשַׁבְתִּ֥י (dwell, return), is Qal, Perfect aspect, yet all translate in the future "will dwell" or will return." Is it because the context?
7
votes
1answer
96 views

Does James 5:12 begin a new thought or conclude a previous thought?

The rhetoric of James 5:12 seems to indicate that some sort of conclusion is being reached: But above all, my brothers, do not swear, either by heaven or by earth or by any other oath, but let ...
4
votes
2answers
161 views

“Surely not” vs “not surely” in Genesis 3:4

Davïd recently provided an explanation of the infinitive absolute in Genesis 2:16, noting the recurrence of the construction in 2:17: "you shall surely die" = inf. abs. (môt, "die") and finite ...
2
votes
1answer
124 views

Calculating months and weeks in the Mosaic Law

Is the Law of Moses based on the lunar calendar? According to Genesis 8:3-4 the ark of Noah rested on Mount Ararat "on the 17th day of the seventh month." Genesis 8:3-4 (NASB) 3 and the water ...
2
votes
1answer
189 views

Why did Job receive “Gold Rings” from his friends?

At the end of the book of Job,after Job has prayed for his friends Job 42:10-11 it is written that each of Job's friends gave him a piece of silver and a gold ring, (NIV) All his brothers and ...
5
votes
0answers
56 views

How are statistical comparisons between bible translations calculated?

(This arose from this question which was in turn triggered by this answer.) Quoting Jack Douglas quoting Wayne Grudem: In "The advantages of the ESV” by Wayne Grudem, he states that the 2001 ...
6
votes
3answers
150 views

Acts 20:28 variants, what are the six variants?

I have been doing a lot of reading of books from the 1700s and 1800s on google books, and I came across a claim that there are 6 different variants in Acts 20:28. (Sorry, don't remember exactly where ...
2
votes
2answers
129 views

Praying with spirit and understanding, simultaneously or sequentially?

In 1 Cor 14:15, does Paul say he will pray with both spirit and understanding (at the same time), or that he will pray with each (at different times)? Specifically, when Paul says he will "pray with ...
11
votes
1answer
179 views

Statistically, how similar is the NIV to other translations such as the RSV?

In "The advantages of the ESV" by Wayne Grudem, he states that the 2001 edition of the ESV is "92% RSV, 8% modified, or 60,000 words" (from the RSV): This sounds like strong confirmation of the ...
2
votes
0answers
77 views

Is there a difference between “punishment” and “discipline”? [closed]

In this question on Christianity.SE, I asked if there is Scriptural passages that support the idea that God does not punish those who are in Christ, in the sense of intervening to cause negative ...
2
votes
3answers
307 views

Why does the ESV use “surely” in Genesis 2:16 when all others say “freely”?

Someone has brought it to my attention that the ESV deviates from all other English translations in Genesis 2:16 by changing "freely" to "surely." The ESV is heavily endorsed by Calvinist pastors, so ...
5
votes
2answers
161 views

John 21:15: “do you love me more than…?”

John 21:15a reads NA28 Ὅτε οὖν ἠρίστησαν λέγει τῷ Σίμωνι Πέτρῳ ὁ Ἰησοῦς· Σίμων Ἰωάννου, ἀγαπᾷς με πλέον τούτων; ESV When they had finished breakfast, Jesus said to Simon Peter, “Simon, son ...
9
votes
2answers
241 views

What kind of desire was given to Eve?

Genesis 3:16 NIV - To the woman he said, "I will make your pains in childbearing very severe; with painful labor you will give birth to children. Your desire will be for your husband, and ...
2
votes
3answers
164 views

How to reconcile God's promise to Abraham with the current Jewish population?

The current Jewish population in the world is c. 14 million (c. 0.2% of the world's population). In Gn 15:5, God asks Abraham to [l]ook toward heaven, and number the stars, if you he was able to ...
2
votes
3answers
210 views

How can the translation of δοξης as “glory” in Romans 3:23 be justified?

According to Liddell and Scott’s Intermediate Greek Lexicon (also called Middle Liddell) the word δόξα or δοξης can mean: expectation, an opinion, judgment, the opinion which others have of one, ...
6
votes
1answer
284 views

Did Judas repent or feel remorse?

Matthew 27:3 NIV - When Judas, who had betrayed him, saw that Jesus was condemned, he was seized with remorse and returned the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and the elders. ...
0
votes
1answer
59 views

Chapter and verse numbers in Greek vs Hebrew/Aramaic [closed]

What differences in chapter and verse numbers are between Greek and Hebrew/Aramaic? For instance here, differences are scattered in footnotes of each chapter. Where to find a list of all differences ...
3
votes
2answers
68 views

Haggai 1:6 - Thirsty vs Drunk

Haggai 1:6 (NLT): You have planted much but harvest little. You eat but are not satisfied. You drink but are still thirsty. You put on clothes but cannot keep warm. Your wages disappear as though ...
4
votes
3answers
88 views

Can there be any eschatological claim made from 1 Samuel 28:19, concerning Saul in the afterlife?

1 Samuel 28:19 (ESV): "Moreover, the LORD will give Israel also with you into the hand of the Philistines, and tomorrow you and your sons shall be with me. The LORD will give the army of Israel also ...
4
votes
1answer
72 views

Who were the “all” distributed to in Acts 2?

Acts 2:44-45: And all those who had believed were together and had all things in common; and they began selling their property and possessions and were sharing them with all, as anyone might have ...
3
votes
2answers
124 views

Is stewardship of the earth a modern interpretation?

I've heard from a Christian that the Bible talks about God giving stewardship over the earth. That is, not just an entitlement to use the earth, but a responsibility to maintain it wisely. When I ...
8
votes
2answers
187 views

In Genesis 3, does the serpent's curse include a demotion?

In Genesis 1, three broad categories of creatures are brought into being before the creation of man: 24And God said, “Let the earth bring forth living creatures according to their kinds—livestock ...

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