7
votes
3answers
8k views

What does “Grace upon grace” mean?

For from his fullness we have all received, grace upon grace. (John 1:16, ESV) I am curious as to the meaning of "grace upon grace." I have read this as "grace for grace" in other bible ...
4
votes
1answer
148 views

What is the Covenant of Peace in Ezekiel?

Ezek. 34:25 וכרתי להם ברית שלום וְהשבתי חיה־רעה מן־הארץ וישבו במדבר לבטח וישנו ביערים׃ Ezek. 37:26 וכרתי להם ברית שלום ברית עולם יהיה אותם ונתתים והרביתי אותם ונתתי את־מקדשי בתוכם לעולם׃ ...
9
votes
2answers
323 views

What are the arguments against the authenticity of “Peter's” sermon in Acts 2?

A quick read through the opening chapters of Acts would lead one to believe that Peter stood up during Pentecost and delivered the sermon recorded in Acts 2. Apparently "one" would be wrong, however -...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

Which apostles did Paul see while he was in Jerusalem after his conversion?

In Galatians 1:16b-19, 22 (ESV), Paul writes that after his conversion in Damascus, ...I did not immediately consult with anyone; nor did I go up to Jerusalem to those who were apostles before ...
2
votes
2answers
191 views

Why did Adrammelech and Sharezer suddenly kill their father King Sennacherib?

In Isaiah 37, King Sennacherib tries to destroy the Northern two-tribe Kingdom, but Jehovah protects them from the Assyrian empire. King Sennacherib returns to Assyria, begins bowing down to his god ...
2
votes
2answers
53 views

What is the best understanding of חָמָס in Isaiah 53:9?

Isaiah 53:9 And they made his grave with the wicked and with a rich man in his death, although he had done no violence, and there was no deceit in his mouth. Most major translations I've ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

How should 1 Corinthians 3:17 be interpreted? If someone is destroyed will that person meet judgement?

To me, a non denomination believer, this verse also applies to defiling someone else's temple. To defile/destroy the temple brings the wrath of God (the Father). The Greek word for "will be destroyed" ...
6
votes
4answers
4k views

What constitutes “destroying God's temple” as in 1 Corinthians 3:17?

In 1 Corinthians 3:17, Paul warns, "If anyone destroys God’s temple, God will destroy him. For God’s temple is holy, and you are that temple." (ESV) This verse is often brought up often in ...
6
votes
5answers
181 views

torment…sulphur…in the presence of the Lamb: Rev 14:10

Struggling to grasp this verse a bit and its consequences. Can you help? I have often felt that the descriptions of hell throughout the Bible do not paint a clear picture on the debate: is hell ...
3
votes
0answers
21 views

What is the House of David like in Zechariah 12:8?

Most translations phrase the ending of verse 8 the same with a phrase ",like/as the Angel of the Lord," contained in commas, like an appositive. On that day the LORD will protect the inhabitants ...
2
votes
0answers
35 views

“Until there is no more need” in Malachi 3:10

In Malachi 3:10 the LORD suggests (?) putting him to the test him in order to see אִם־לֹא אֶפְתַּ֣ח לָכֶם אֵת אֲרֻבּוֹת הַשָּׁמַיִם וַהֲרִיקֹתִי לָכֶם בְּרָכָה עַד־בְּלִי־דָי if I will not open ...
11
votes
4answers
2k views

Who was a greater king: Hezekiah or Josiah?

About Hezekiah, we read in 2 Kings 18:5-6: Hezekiah trusted in the LORD, the God of Israel. There was no one like him among all the kings of Judah, either before him or after him. He held fast to ...
5
votes
2answers
325 views

Was Ishmael a teenager or a child when he and Hagar were sent away by Sarah?

When Sarah sent Hagar and Ishmael away in Genesis 21, Ishmael is referred to several times as a child: 15When the water in the skin was gone, she put the child under one of the bushes. 16Then she ...
6
votes
5answers
367 views

Was there an astronomical origin of the Star of Bethlehem in Matthew 2?

In Matthew 2:1-12, there are mentions of the Star of Bethlehem, specifically Matthew 2:2 and asked, “Where is the one who has been born king of the Jews? We saw his star when it rose and have ...
9
votes
8answers
2k views

Why does Luke associate the birth of Christ with the census conducted by Quirinus?

Luke states that Mary and Joseph went to Bethlehem because of a census that took place while Quirinius was governor of Syria (2:1-5). In those days a decree went out from Caesar Augustus that all ...
6
votes
2answers
266 views

Did Paul think in Hebrew?

I recently posted a question here regarding a passage in Romans citing a verse in Habakkuk. My understanding is that in this and (all?) other references to Hebrew scripture Paul cites the LXX (...
21
votes
4answers
6k views

Is Leviticus 12 saying that giving birth to a child is a sin?

I was reading Leviticus and saw that a woman, after she gives birth, would be unclean. Leviticus 12:1-2 (NIV) 1 The LORD said to Moses, 2 “Say to the Israelites: ‘A woman who becomes pregnant ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

Did Paul take the Nazarite vow in Cenchreae? If so, why this vow?

In Acts 18:18 the English Standard Version states: At Cenchreae he had cut his hair, for he was under a vow. The cross-references for this point to Numbers 6:2, 18 which describe the Nazarite ...
0
votes
2answers
73 views

Bodily resurrection in 1 Corinthians chapter 15

Is there any reason to believe from the Apostle Paul's expression of his view on bodily resurrection in 1st Corinthians 15 that his view is a carryover of his pharisaic beliefs? Or does it more ...
4
votes
2answers
79 views

'In all the world' - are Matthew 24:14 & Colossians 1:6 talking about the same scope?

"This good news of the kingdom will be proclaimed in all the world as a testimony to all nations. And then the end will come." - Matthew 24:14 (HCSB) καὶ κηρυχθήσεται τοῦτο τὸ εὐαγγέλιον τῆς ...
5
votes
2answers
276 views

Separation of Luke-Acts

Does anyone know of any recent Biblical scholars who advocate for a position that separates Luke and Acts (from an interpretive point of view)? edit: Many scholars view Luke and Acts as an ...
-1
votes
3answers
110 views

In John 8:59, what is the real reason that “the Jews” sought to kill Jesus?

"The Jews" sought to kill Jesus because of something he said in their conversation with him: http://biblehub.com/niv/john/8.htm Specifically here: John 8:59 So they picked up stones to throw ...
2
votes
1answer
41 views

John chapter 11: Where was Lazarus when he was dead? [closed]

The purpose of Jesus' raising Lazarus from the dead was to show the power of God over death. The Jewish (Pharisaic) belief at the time was the spirit lingered over the body for three days. The four ...
4
votes
2answers
55 views

What is the significance of the intransitive verb παύσονται in 1 Cor 13:8?

The intransitive future middle indicative of the Greek verb παύω (pauō) appears in 1 Cor 13:8. Does the form, tense, and mood of this particular verb suggest that the spiritual gift of tongues was to ...
-1
votes
1answer
34 views

What are the literary and narrative features Judges 1?

What literary or structural features are within the context of Judges 1? I'm finding this chapter exceedingly difficult to come to grips with in relation to the rest of the book. Are there any books ...
2
votes
1answer
83 views

In Acts 5:3-4, did Ananias “lie to”, “fake”, “pretend” or “perjure yourself”?

In Acts 5:3-4, did Ananias "lie to", "fake" or "pretend"? Act 5:3 But Peter said, "Ananias, why has Satan filled your heart to lie to the Holy Spirit and to keep back for yourself part of the ...
3
votes
1answer
156 views

How typical was the dedication of Samuel?

1 Sam 1:24-28: And when she had weaned him, she took him up with her, along with a three-year-old bull...and she brought him to the house of the Lord at Shiloh...And she said, “Oh, my lord! As you ...
6
votes
5answers
507 views

Did Mother Mary believe Jesus was crazy

Jesus' first miracle was turning water into wine at his mother’s behest. This seems to prove that Mary believed in Jesus. I am wondering if, in Mark 3:20-21, Mary also thought Jesus was crazy like the ...
4
votes
1answer
59 views

Meaning of ἐνδημέω and ἐκδημέω in 2 Cor 5?

I was studying 2 Corinthians 5:1-10 when I noticed that two terms that play a major part in its interpretation are very unusual Greek words: ἐνδημέω - endēmeō ἐκδημέω - ekdēmeō They are clearly ...
4
votes
2answers
462 views

Why didn't Jesus 'entrust himself' to his followers? (John 2:23-25)

John 2:24-25 reads: But Jesus for his part did not entrust himself to them, because he knew all people and needed no one to bear witness about man, for he himself knew what was in man. (ESV) To ...
8
votes
3answers
3k views

Translation of “this generation will not pass away” in Matthew 24:34?

I'm curious specifically regarding the translation of the word "generation" here in Matthew 24:34, Mark 13:30, and Luke 21:32. Matthew 24:34 (NIV) Truly I tell you, this generation will ...
8
votes
1answer
323 views

In Acts 7:43, why did the author write “Babylon” rather than “Damascus”?

In Acts 7:43, it is written, 43 Yea, ye took up the tabernacle of Moloch, and the star of your god Remphan, figures which ye made to worship them: and I will carry you away beyond Babylon. KJV, ...
5
votes
4answers
173 views

When is “this day” that Jesus was “begotten”? And how is this related to Jesus being called God's “son”?

In Psalm 2:7 the psalm refers to the day that Messiah was begotten: Psa_2:7 I will declare the decree: the LORD hath said unto me, Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee. And twice ...
2
votes
1answer
33 views

Are “craftsman” and “destroyer” proper nouns in Isaiah 54:16?

"The Destroyer" is used as a proper noun in the book of Revelation (9:11) to name a (or the) destroying angel, but "the destroyer", when appearing in Exodus 12:23 during the Passover narrative, is not ...
6
votes
2answers
763 views

Why did Barnabas bring Paul to Antioch?

Paul had fled Jerusalem and gone to Tarsus (Acts 9:28-30). Later (Acts 11:22-26): News of this [Jews and Gentiles following Jesus in Antioch] reached the church in Jerusalem, and they sent ...
13
votes
6answers
3k views

Where did the idea that the law was administered through angels come from?

The idea that the law was given through angels seems common enough in the first century literature: Galatians 3:19 Why then the law? It was added because of transgressions, until the offspring ...
2
votes
3answers
533 views

What is “sackcloth” in Revelation 11:3?

In Revelation 11:3 is written: "And I will grant authority to my two witnesses, and they will prophesy for twelve hundred and sixty days, clothed in sackcloth." (Revelation 11:3, NASB, emphasis ...
6
votes
1answer
205 views

What role did James have in Paul's conflict with Peter?

In Galatians 2, Paul records a conflict he had with Peter. In doing so, he mentions that "certain men came from James" and that after their arrival, Peter separated himself from eating with the ...
6
votes
2answers
9k views

What did Jesus mean when he called the Pharisees “A brood of vipers”?

In Matthew 12:34 when Jesus is speaking to the Pharisees it is written, (NIV) You brood of vipers,how can you who are evil say anything good? For out of the overflow of the heart the mouth ...
17
votes
5answers
2k views

Was Adam present when the serpent was talking with Eve?

Genesis 3:6 (NIV) When the woman saw that the fruit of the tree was good for food and pleasing to the eye, and also desirable for gaining wisdom, she took some and ate it. She also gave some to ...
11
votes
4answers
2k views

Did Luke use Josephus as a source?

Richard Carrier summarizes an argument made by Steve Mason in his book Josephus and the New Testament that Luke knew of Josephus' Jewish War (79 CE) and Jewish Antiquities (94 CE). At it's core, the ...
10
votes
1answer
505 views

What are some examples of drug use in Paul's day that would describe what would be considered pharmakeia/sorcery as he lists it in Galatians 5:20?

In Galatians 5:20, among the deeds of the flesh, Paul lists "pharmakeia," which, as i understand, is commonly translated as sorcery or witchcraft, referring to the use or administering of drugs or ...
0
votes
2answers
47 views

Does Genesis 2:5-7 suggest the passage of time?

On Day 2 the dry land was uncovered. It had formerly been under salt water. And on the same day God "brought forth vegetation, plants...trees...": Gen 1:9 And God said, "Let the waters under the ...
8
votes
4answers
3k views

Signficance of name change from Saul to Paul

Acts 13:9 appears to record the moment Saul's name changes to Paul: Then Saul, who was also called Paul, filled with the Holy Spirit, looked straight at Elymas and said... (Prior to this time, ...
3
votes
2answers
107 views

What did Joseph suspect Mary of in Matthew 1:18-19?

There only seem to be three options I’ve heard or seem possible: Adultery (Post-marriage) Fornication (Pre-marriage) He knew the child was born of the Holy Spirit and want to remove himself from the ...
9
votes
2answers
850 views

Sacrifice of the first-born son leads to fury

2 Kings 3:24-27 24 But when the Moabites came to the camp of Israel, the Israelites rose up and fought them until they fled. And the Israelites invaded the land and slaughtered the Moabites. 25 ...
7
votes
3answers
77 views

Why is the healing of Malchus’ ear only found in the Gospel of Luke?

Is there any legitimate reason given by scholars as to why Luke uniquely adds the account of Jesus healing the ear of Malchus after it being severed off? In Luke 22:50-51, it is written, 50 And ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

Who receives shame in 1 Corinthians 11:4?

1 Corinthians 11:3 Khabouris Codex ܨܒܐ ܐܢܐ ܕܝܢ ܕܬܕܥܘܢ ܕܟܠ ܓܒܪ ܪܫܗ ܡܫܝܚܐ ܗܘ ܘܪܫܗ ܕܐܢܬܬܐ ܓܒܪܐ ܗܘ ܘܪܫܗ ܕܡܫܝܚܐ ܐܠܗܐ ܗܘ Build 1 (What I find from real life) But I will understand ...
11
votes
5answers
2k views

Misleading “but” in Matthew 5:22 KJV?

But I say unto you, That whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment: and whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be in danger of the council: ...
1
vote
3answers
89 views

Song of Solomon 5:16, the signification of “”im“”

In Song of Solomon 5:16, the verse in Hebrew transliteration is: ḥikkōw mamṯaqqîm wəḵullōw maḥămaddîm zeh ḏōwḏî wəzeh rê‘î, bənōwṯ yərūšālim חִכּוֹ֙ מַֽמְתַקִּ֔ים וְכֻלּ֖וֹ מַחֲמַדִּ֑ים זֶ֤ה ...

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