5
votes
1answer
2k views

What does it mean for Elisha to want “a double portion” from Elijah?

Answers on this question conclude that "portion" refers to inheritance. Just before Elijah is taken to Heaven, Elisha asks for a "double portion" of his spirit. 2 Kings 2:9 When they had crossed ...
4
votes
6answers
3k views

Where did Abel get the idea to sacrifice sheep?

The purpose of this question is to examine whether it is possible to know where Abel's understanding of sacrifice came from based on the text we have. The presupposition is that Abel had access to the ...
2
votes
0answers
69 views

Did the Preacher apply his heart or his mind to the task?

Ecclesiates 1:13 I applied my mind to study and to explore by wisdom all that is done under the heavens. What a heavy burden God has laid on mankind! [NIV] Ecclesiates 1:13 And I gave my heart ...
9
votes
1answer
220 views

Why did not the Apostle Paul ever say “In the name of him who says” (i.e., Heb. be-shem omro)?

It has been suggested that although old rabbinic literature always mentions dozens of teachers who speak be-shem omro (i.e., "in the name of him who says"), the Apostle Paul does not refer to ...
3
votes
3answers
301 views

“but” deliver us from evil

The Lord's Prayer (Matthew 6:9-13) says: Matthew 6:13 Lead us not into temptation but deliver us from evil The two phrases "Lead us not into temptation" and "deliver us from evil" don't seem to ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

Does πολιτείας imply citizenship status with Israel?

ὅτι ἦτε ἐν τῷ καιρῷ ἐκείνῳ χωρὶς Χριστοῦ ἀπηλλοτριωμένοι τῆς πολιτείας τοῦ Ἰσραὴλ καὶ ξένοι τῶν διαθηκῶν τῆς ἐπαγγελίας ἐλπίδα μὴ ἔχοντες καὶ ἄθεοι ἐν τῷ κόσμῳ (Eph. 2:12 TR) Paul makes a ...
11
votes
3answers
6k views

What is the sign of the Son of Man?

What is the sign of the Son of Man spoken of in Matthew 24:30?— At that time the sign of the Son of Man will appear in the sky, and all the nations of the earth will mourn. They will see the ...
2
votes
0answers
176 views

Will the return of Christ (Second Coming) be literal or symbolic? [closed]

I know the Book of Revelation is highly symbolic but does that mean Christ's coming is also symbolic as well? To me it seems as if he returns for the individual in judgment and the whole in ...
3
votes
2answers
194 views

In what language is the oldest available text of Genesis? [duplicate]

In what language is the oldest available text of Genesis 1:26-27, and what are that language's words for what is variously translated as "man" or "humankind"?
2
votes
1answer
218 views

Could Adam's age have referred only to his time after the fall?

Genesis 5:3-5 says: When Adam had lived 130 years, he had a son in his own likeness, in his own image; and he named him Seth. After Seth was born, Adam lived 800 years and had other sons and ...
3
votes
6answers
988 views

Why is Tamar “more righteous” than Judah?

At the end of the story of Judah and Tamar in Genesis 38, in verse 26 Judah states Tamar "...is more righteous than I, inasmuch as I did not give her to my son Shelah." In the story, Judah is tricked ...
-1
votes
1answer
398 views

What shape was Noah's Ark?

Some argue for a box shape while others argue for something that looked more like a ship. And the recent discovery according to 4000-year-old Mesopotamian tablet (consisting of sixty lines in ...
7
votes
3answers
224 views

Hebrew Text Indicative of a Local or Global Flood?

I am trying to look for hints in the text of Genesis regarding Noah's account. There has been plenty of debate on whether the flood described is local or global. The usual line of thought is that the ...
12
votes
1answer
2k views

What was the lesson Elisha wanted to teach Joash using the arrows?

In 2 Kings 13:14-17 we find that, Joash - the king of Israel, took a bow and some arrows as Elisha told him. And the 17th verse: Elisha said, “Open the east window,” and he did so. Elisha said, ...
7
votes
2answers
139 views

How can Ruth “return” to a place she had never been?

As Naomi sets out to go back to her homeland, her daughters-in-law Ruth and Orpah set out with her. They are native Moabites, and it is unlikely that they have ever been to Israel. However, several ...
1
vote
0answers
29 views

women ancestors of Jesus [duplicate]

My question is: Why are four women of questionable backgrounds offered as ancestors of Jesus? (Maatthew 1: 1-17). Is there some significance in the fact that they aren't examples of "righteous" ...
2
votes
1answer
653 views

Was baptism practiced by first-century Jews?

In Matthew 3:13-17 Jesus is baptized by John. Is baptism a Jewish practice? Based on Jesus the Phoenician baptism used to be practiced by Canaanites, not Jews. Is this claim true or false?
11
votes
3answers
1k views

What was Ruth's legal status?

I apologize in advance for the length of the question. The book of Ruth is incredibly romantic and powerful, but I don't understand the legal portion of the drama: Now Boaz had gone up to the ...
1
vote
3answers
1k views

What does grow up as calves in the stall mean in Malachi 4:2b?

Please explain what does grow up as calves in the stall mean as stated in Malachi 4:2? and ye shall go forth, and grow up as calves of the stall. - Malachi 4:2b
6
votes
9answers
5k views

Were the Nephilim in Genesis 6 aliens?

Could Genesis 6:1-4 be talking about aliens? (ESV): When man began to multiply on the face of the land and daughters were born to them, the sons of God saw that the daughters of man were ...
8
votes
2answers
138 views

What is the gender of the verb “to say” in Ecclesiastes 7:27?

In Ecclesiastes 7:27, there is a brief phrase, "says Qohelet" (ʾāmĕrâ qōhelet). In the rest of the book, it seems like masculine verbs are used with Qohelet, despite Qohelet itself having a feminine ...
1
vote
0answers
65 views

Was John the Baptist a Christian? [closed]

Since John the Baptist died before the church was established, Matthew 14:10 And he sent, and beheaded John in the prison. Matthew 16:18 And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and ...
9
votes
4answers
3k views

What is the meaning of “calculate” in Revelation 13:18?

This is perhaps the most famous prophesy in popular culture: This calls for wisdom: let the one who has understanding calculate the number of the beast, for it is the number of a man, and his ...
23
votes
4answers
4k views

What does Jesus mean by generation when talking about the end times?

In Luke 21:32-33 (ESV) Jesus says: "Truly, I say to you, this generation will not pass away until all has taken place. Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will not pass away." What ...
0
votes
1answer
113 views

If all flesh will be resurrected, will dinosaurs be resurrected? [closed]

The scriptures indicate that all flesh will be resurrected and that God will reverse the curse of sin which is death. Will dinosaurs be resurrected and will they be present on the New Earth along with ...
8
votes
5answers
5k views

Before the Tower of Babel did all speak Hebrew as the original human language? [closed]

I find it fascinating that rabbinic literature suggests that Hebrew was the original human language. I have seen Christian authors also argue the same. For example, from the Jewish Encyclopedia: ...
5
votes
2answers
231 views

What is the meaning of τῆς παραγγελίας in 1 Tim. 1:5?

In 1 Timothy 1:5, the Greek text states, τὸ δὲ τέλος τῆς παραγγελίας ἐστὶν ἀγάπη ἐκ καθαρᾶς καρδίας καὶ συνειδήσεως ἀγαθῆς καὶ πίστεως ἀνυποκρίτου I'm intentionally avoiding translating the ...
-1
votes
2answers
115 views

Who is being addressed in Matthew 6:13?

In Matthew's description of the Lord's Prayer, he quotes Jesus telling people to pray to "our Father" but at 6:13 the prayer states: "Lead us not into temptation...." Who is being addressed here? ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Is יהוה ever transliterated in the Septuagint?

It seems to me that the Hebrew language doesn't have graphemes representing vowel sounds. On the other hand, the Greek language does. Also, I've heard that Josephus said that the Tetragrammaton ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

How did Haman intend to kill Mordecai?

In Esther 5:14, Haman makes plans to kill Mordecai. Esther 5:14 Haman’s wife Zeresh and all his friends said to him, "Have a gallows seventy-five feet high built, and in the morning tell the king ...
6
votes
1answer
90 views

When was Ruth written?

The setting of Ruth is in the time of the Judges. Ruth 1:1 During the time of the judges there was a famine in the land of Judah. So a man from Bethlehem in Judah went to live as a resident ...
13
votes
1answer
656 views

“Black but beautiful” or “Black and beautiful” in Song of Songs?

Song of Songs (or "Song of Solomon") 1:5 begins as follows in the Hebrew: ... שְׁחוֹרָ֤ה אֲנִי֙ וְֽנָאוָ֔ה בְּנ֖וֹת יְרוּשָׁלִָ֑ם šĕḥôrâ ʾănî wĕnāʾwâ bĕnôt yĕrûšālāyim ... And is often ...
9
votes
4answers
424 views

What does chamushim (“fifties”) mean in Exodus 13:18?

It is easy to imagine that this word would suggest "by fifties" or, more generally, in large groups, or even "in an regimented way like an army," but on what grounds do so many English versions turn ...
11
votes
2answers
392 views

Can αδελφοί refer to cousins?

Matthew 13:55-56a (ESV) Is not this the carpenter's son? Is not his mother called Mary? And are not his brothers James and Joseph and Simon and Judas? And are not all his sisters with us? ...
16
votes
5answers
29k views

Why is the “give to Caesar what is Caesar's” answer so great?

After being asked whether it was right to pax taxes, Jesus repies: “Give to Caesar what is Caesar’s, and to God what is God’s.” Why is that an answer that "amazed" them? To a modern person, it ...
8
votes
2answers
477 views

What does “The psalms of David are ended” refer to?

Psalm 72 ends with the words: The prayers of David the son of Jesse are ended. Yet after this a number of Psalms, especially many of the Psalms of Ascent are attributed to David (I think ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the meaning of “Sorceress” in Exodus 22:18?

As I was reading my Bible completely through from the beginning I ran across this verse in Exodus 22:18: You should not suffer a sorceress to live. Up to this point, other than God's wonders, ...
10
votes
1answer
481 views

Who wrote Lamentations?

As part of the Meta Call for questions related to the Five Scrolls. Traditionally, Lamentations has been attributed to Jeremiah, the reason it follows Jeremiah in the Christian ordering of the Old ...
6
votes
4answers
4k views

What does Paul mean by “everything that does not come from faith is sin”?

In Romans 14 Paul says: But whoever has doubts is condemned if they eat, because their eating is not from faith; and everything that does not come from faith is sin. (Romans 14:23, NIV) What ...
2
votes
1answer
587 views

What is hermeneutics?

Seeing as this is a site about hermeneutics, it would seem a good place to have an answer to the above question. What exactly is hermeneutics?
-4
votes
2answers
196 views

Isaiah 46:10 and the implications of verse 11: Do any modern theologians dare pay attention to verse 11?

Isaiah 46:10 is of course the famous passage which says "Declaring the end from the beginning, and from ancient times the things that are not yet done, saying, My counsel shall stand, and I will do ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

What does it mean to be baptised for the dead? [duplicate]

1 Cor 15:29 (NASB) Otherwise, what will those do who are baptized for the dead? If the dead are not raised at all, why then are they baptized for them? What is the interpretation of this verse? I ...
9
votes
4answers
451 views

What does the “splendour of Israel” has been hurled down to earth mean?

In Lamentations 2:1 it is written: How the Lord has covered the daughter of Zion with the cloud of his anger! He has hurled down the splendour of Israel from heaven to earth, he has not ...
5
votes
1answer
185 views

What evidence exists to show that the Galatians could understand Greek?

I have seen before an atheist argument that the Galatians being migrant tribesmen from Gaul could not speak or read Greek, and therefore could not have understood an epistle in Greek, much less a ...
11
votes
2answers
534 views

What is the Righteousness of God in Romans 1:17?

Romans 1:16-17 (excerpted), ESV: For I am not ashamed of the gospel . . . For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith for faith . . . SBLGNT: Οὐ γὰρ ἐπαισχύνομαι τὸ εὐαγγέλιον ...
6
votes
1answer
253 views

Inconsistent translations of Revelation 13:10?

KJV has for Revelation 13:10 He that leadeth into captivity shall go into captivity: he that killeth with the sword must be killed with the sword. Here is the patience and the faith of the ...
3
votes
2answers
165 views

“Under heaven” or “under the heavens” on day three of creation?

The ESV translation uses the terms "Heaven" and "the heavens" in verses 8 and 9 of Genesis 1 in a way I find confusing: 8And God called the expanse Heaven. And there was evening and there was ...
4
votes
1answer
136 views

Women in Galatians

Why did Paul mean in Galatians 3:27-28 when he says that all of the Galatians were one in Christ? Does this contradict what Paul had taught elsewhere about the role of women in the ekklēsia (church)? ...
4
votes
1answer
134 views

Which of Paul's letters were written to strangers?

Paul had clearly visited the Thessalonians and Corinthians prior to writing. It would seem he had not personally spent time with the Colossians prior to writing. I am thinking Romans was written to ...
4
votes
1answer
117 views

How did Paul “see that someone had faith” in Acts 14?

How did Paul see that the crippled man had faith to make him well? What does this mean? Acts 14:8-10 ESV Now at Lystra there was a man sitting who could not use his feet. He was crippled from ...

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