2
votes
1answer
148 views

Should קהלת actually translate to “Preacher”

Ecclesiastes starts with - words of קהלת son of David. In Hebrew it does not say - the words of the קהלת. Nor - words of the קהלת. But simply - words of קהלת. How do we know that קהלת translates to ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Does Jesus's change in attitude about drinking wine on the cross relate to his statement ‘It is finished’?

Does Jesus's change in attitude about drinking wine on the cross relate to his statement ‘It is finished’? According to some historians, it was a merciful Jewish practice to give to those led to ...
3
votes
1answer
181 views

What does it mean that "David eluded him twice?

Shortly after Saul takes David into his service, we read: The next day an evil spirit of God gripped Saul and he began to rave in the house, while David was playing [the lyre], as he did daily. ...
6
votes
1answer
441 views

Doesn't Titus 1:12 show that apostle Paul promotes racism?

Titus 1:12 Even one of their own prophets has said, "Cretans are always liars, evil brutes, lazy gluttons." 13 This testimony is true. Therefore, rebuke them sharply, so that they will be sound ...
3
votes
0answers
20 views

What does hate mean in Luke 14:26? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Jesus' command to hate your father and mother in Luke 14:26 Luke 14:26 If anyone comes to me and does not hate his father and mother, his wife and children, his ...
5
votes
2answers
308 views

John 12:25 on life hating

Every year we read John 12 during Lent and every year our priest gives us the same schpeel about hate, in this context, meaning "to love less". Why, then, does hate, in this context, mean "to love ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Are we to consider texts such as Song of Songs 2:3 to be euphemistically sexual?

Any student of Hebrew will attest to the oft use of euphemistic phrases in the language (ie. "the way of women is upon me" and "cover his feet). Given the oft debated nature of the Song of Songs in ...
7
votes
1answer
148 views

Does Job's “covenant with [his] eyes” refer to marriage?

Job's final appeal to God includes this assertion of innocence: I have covenanted with my eyes Not to gaze on a maiden.—Job 31:1 (NJPS) The ESV reads this as a rhetorical question: I ...
6
votes
2answers
284 views

Who are the “divine beings” in Psalm 82?

We read in Psalm 82: I had taken you for divine beings, sons of the Most High, all of you; but you shall die as men do, fall like any prince.—Psalm 82:6–7 (NJPS) Some ...
4
votes
1answer
171 views

What's the relationship between 1 Peter 4:1 and Ephesians 6:11

Peter talks about arming oneself with a thought/attitude: Since therefore Christ suffered in the flesh, arm yourselves with the same way of thinking, for whoever has suffered in the flesh has ...
3
votes
1answer
624 views

Can Ezekiel 1 be interpreted as describing a robot?

In my readings of Ezekiel chapter 1, Ezekiel comes into contact with what in our time could only be interpreted as a robot. For instance, it had wheels, four faces, was metallic, and was able to fly; ...
4
votes
1answer
518 views

Who did Lamech kill?

I also asked this here, but I think it fix better in Biblical Hermeneutics after thinking about it. Genesis 4:23-24 NIV 23 Lamech said to his wives, “Adah and Zillah, listen to me; wives of ...
3
votes
3answers
201 views

Was Greek Mark's second language?

I've noted that Jesus probably spoke little Greek and did not have formal training. Similarly, Peter and John were likely not trained in Greek (see Acts 4:13). Bart Ehrman points out: [The four ...
3
votes
1answer
178 views

Have the “many” in Psalm 4 received blessings or were they already blessed?

Psalm 4 is a David psalm about prayer. It includes this stanza that seems to contrast the psalmist with other people: There are many who say, “Who will show us some good? Lift up the light of ...
3
votes
1answer
120 views

Who is “I” in Psalm 4

Several verses in Psalm 4 are in the first person, for example in verse 1: Answer me when I call, O God of my righteousness! You have given me relief when I was in distress. Be gracious to me and ...
9
votes
1answer
297 views

Who believes, is baptized, and is saved in Acts 16?

Acts 16 tells two accounts of Philippians being saved under the preaching of Paul. First is a woman named Lydia: One who heard us was a woman named Lydia, from the city of Thyatira, a seller of ...
1
vote
2answers
812 views

Are all major hermeneutical methods compatible?

I am trying to learn more about Biblical Hermeneutics, including the different philosophies Christians have about how Scripture should be interpreted. So far I have heard a wide variety of different ...
4
votes
1answer
304 views

Is 2 Timothy 3:16-7 intended to be inclusive or exclusive?

This text is generally held to be a touchstone of canonicity: All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness, that ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

What does Paul mean by 'Completeness' in 1 Corinthians 13:8-10?

1 Corinthians 13:8-10 Love never fails. But where there are prophecies, they will cease; where there are tongues, they will be stilled; where there is knowledge, it will pass away. For we know in ...
6
votes
1answer
201 views

Did Moses need a human guide in the wilderness?

In the wilderness, the Israelites were guided by a cloud, spelt out with great emphasis in Numbers 9: 17And whenever the cloud lifted from over the tent, after that the people of Israel set out, ...
2
votes
1answer
258 views

Could ἀρχαὶ in Romans 8:38 be 'the past' rather than 'ruler' or similar

All translations seem to render ἀρχαὶ in Romans 8:38-39 as 'ruler' or something similar, for example: ESV: 38For I am sure that neither death nor life, nor angels nor rulers, nor things present ...
3
votes
1answer
614 views

Catholic explanation of the “spiritual sense” of Scripture?

In Catechism of the Catholic Church we read the following, pertaining to Biblical Hermeneutics: 115 According to an ancient tradition, one can distinguish between two senses of Scripture: the ...
2
votes
1answer
161 views

Are there intra-textual supports for a politicized reading of Revelation?

I've just read Nelson Kraybill's "Apocalypse and Allegiance" and have become fascinated by the idea of Revelation as a political manifesto concealed as apocalyptic literature in the style of Daniel. ...
5
votes
5answers
904 views

The beloved disciple vs Peter

I was reading a book by Andreas Köstenberger and he points out that in the Fourth Gospel, the beloved disciple is depicted at least several times as having greater access to knowledge as compared ...
4
votes
1answer
154 views

Acts 1:19: “that field is called in their proper tongue” - spoken by Peter or by Luke?

Acts 1:15 And in those days Peter stood up in the midst of the disciples, and said, (the number of names together were about an hundred and twenty,) Acts 1:16 Men [and] brethren, this ...
4
votes
1answer
415 views

Isn't disowning someone a form of being faithless?

11 Here is a trustworthy saying: If we died with him, we will also live with him; 12 if we endure, we will also reign with him. If we disown him, he will also disown us; 13 if we are ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

How many “layers” are there to the Scriptures?

In my quest to understand hermeneutics, I am at the stage of reviewing the different "layers of meaning" to the Scriptures. So far I have identified two layers; a "literal" meaning and a "divine" ...
8
votes
3answers
726 views

Is hermeneutics primarily descriptive or prescriptive?

I sometimes hear (particularly on this site) of hermeneutical "methods", such as the grammatico-historal approach, or literal-historical approach, or sensus plenior. These all seem to be tools or ...
7
votes
3answers
155 views

Are there scriptural standards by which a hermeneutic method can be measured?

Jesus appears to be specifically criticizing the interpretive method used by the Sudducees, saying, they do not know the scriptures. Mt 22:29 Jesus answered and said unto them, Ye do err, not ...
2
votes
1answer
95 views

Many difficulties with Samuel 14

In Samuel book 1 chapter 14 a confusing scenario arises. First Jonathan (and his armor bearer) go out to the camp of the Philistines. Then King Saul curses anyone who will eat bread that day until ...
4
votes
1answer
176 views

How did Elijah ascend to heaven?

In 2 Kings 2:11, it says that "...Elijah went up by a whirlwind into heaven". Question: What does up mean in this verse? Context: We know that if we stand on the surface of the earth and could ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

Does Jesus always use the mustard seed to signify the property of “smallness”?

In Luke, we read: The apostles said to the Lord, “Increase our faith!” And the Lord said, “If you had faith like a grain of mustard seed, you could say to this mulberry tree, ‘Be uprooted and ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

What is “the hermeneutical circle”?

This question mentions "the hermeneutical circle": I sometimes hear ... of hermeneutical "methods", such as the grammatico-historal approach, or literal-historical approach, or sensus plenior. ... ...
3
votes
3answers
286 views

The number two in the book of Zechariah

Reading Zechariah, I have been struck by the frequency of the occurrences, explicit and implicit, of the number two. The most prominent are: Two angels in chapters 1 and 2 Two dimensions: "To ...
8
votes
2answers
618 views

Are there scriptural warrants for using the rule of first mention?

The rule of fist mention is used by various forms of allegorical interpretation. Rather than inventing an allegorical meaning, clues are taken from the first mention. For example: Garments are ...
2
votes
3answers
289 views

Apparent inconsistencies in the vision of the four chariots

In Zechariah's vision of four chariots in chapter 6 of his book, an angel tells him that the chariots are going to go to the "four winds of heaven," (verse 5)—in every direction. However, in verse 6, ...
4
votes
2answers
674 views

Why is the man going to measure Jerusalem in Zechariah 2:2?

In the second chapter of his book, Zechariah records a vision in which he saw a man with a measuring line going to measure Jerusalem. I'm not sure what this is supposed to signify. Two verses later, ...
10
votes
2answers
239 views

Why was a chapter division placed at the end of Genesis 1, rather than between 2:3 and 2:4?

It's pretty well universally accepted that Genesis 1:1 - 2:3 represent one view of the story of creation and 2:3 - 25 a second. And yet, when Stephen Langton instituted his chapter scheme in the ...
2
votes
2answers
241 views

How does the rule of non-contradiction differ between Greek logic and Biblical Hermeneutics?

The rule of non-contradiction is key to Greek logic. The Socratic method often walks through a binary tree of false dilemmas [1] until a conclusion is reached. In Hermeneutics contradiction seems to ...
1
vote
1answer
111 views

Did God shut up Satan before he had the chance to accuse Yeshua?

Growing up with the the New Living Translation, I had alway thought that Zechariah 3:1 said that Satan was accusing Yeshua: Then the angel showed me Jeshua the high priest standing before the ...
3
votes
2answers
97 views

Who repents in Zechariah 1:6?

The first oracle the prophet Zechariah receives is this: 2"The Lord was very angry with your fathers. 3Therefore say to them, Thus declares Yahweh of hosts: Return to me, says Yahweh of hosts, and ...
5
votes
7answers
2k views

What does Matthew 18:8-9 say about eternity?

Matthew 18:8-9 (NIV): 8If your hand or your foot causes you to stumble, cut it off and throw it away. It is better for you to enter life maimed or crippled than to have two hands or two feet and ...
1
vote
2answers
77 views

Do we have such expressions as “the holiest” in the New Testament Greek? [closed]

Do we have such expressions as "the holiest" in the New Testament Greek? Is there a superlative of "holy" in Old Greek at all?
2
votes
2answers
891 views

Is El-Shaddai “Sky God” where Sky==Breasts?

I found the name "El-Shaddai" mysterious, but while going over Genesis, found the following passage (Gen 49) Wikisource translation From the god of your fathers, and he will help you, and the ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Why is Beer-Sheva' called Beer-Sheva'?

There is a place in Israel called Be-er-Sheva', which is given two different stories to justify the name. The word Be-er means well, as in a well of water, and the word Sheva means "seven" or more ...
1
vote
2answers
185 views

Three Valleys in Joel 3

Three valleys are mentioned in Joel 3: The Valley of Jehoshaphat (2, 12) The Valley of Decision (twice in 14) The Valley of Shittim (18) I'm wondering: Are any of these known, historical places? ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

How can I identify puns in the Hebrew Bible?

The Bible sometimes uses words with multiple meanings to the effect of an intentional pun or wordplay. Punning seems especially common in Hebrew. I think that being aware of these literary devices ...
6
votes
2answers
409 views

Is oral history like the telephone game?

Bart Ehrman argues that the gospel texts are not historically reliable beginning with this analogy: It is [oral circulation] that causes special problems for historians who want to know what ...
3
votes
1answer
688 views

Translation of κοπιῶντες in Matthew 11:28

The word κοπιῶντες in Matt. 11:28 is translated differently in the NASB and the ESV: NASB: “Come to Me, all who are weary and heavy-laden, and I will give you rest. ESV: Come to me, all who ...
12
votes
1answer
344 views

Quotations in 1 Corinthians 6:13

I've noticed that in the 2011 NIV more of 1 Corinthians 6:13 is considered part of a quotation than in the 1984 version. Obviously Greek did not use quotation marks—so what hints are there for ...

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