4
votes
5answers
215 views

Can the Bible's relative chronology be made an 'absolute' chronology?

Chronology is defined as 'the determination of the proper sequence of past events', in other words, the arrangement of dates, events, etc, in order of occurrence. The Bible is filled with detailed ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

In 1 Cor. 15:56, What is the “Power” of Sin?

Question: In 1 Cor. 15:56, what is the "Power / δύναμις of Sin"? Note: I had expected to find a form of "ἐξουσία" for power, but this wasn't the case. Similarly, there is another question on ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Was 20 (Numbers 32:11, Deuteronomy 1:39) the age from which God would consider an Israelite accountable for his sins?

Numbers 32:11 “Surely none of the men who came up from Egypt, from twenty years old and above, shall see the land of which I swore to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, because they have not wholly followed ...
4
votes
1answer
64 views

Textual criticism of the Hebrew bible and the rule of the ‘lectio difficilior'

I have a basic idea that, in New Testament text criticism, there is a guideline that the more difficult reading is more likely to be correct. (Mentioned in this answer on BH.SE. Even Wikipedia knows ...
4
votes
1answer
50 views

Obadiah v. 7: ‘bread’ or ‘those who eat your bread’?

In Obadiah’s vision of the fall of Edom (v. 7), it is written: All your allies have driven you to your border; those at peace with you have deceived you; they have prevailed against you; those ...
3
votes
2answers
77 views

What are the “righteous acts” of the saints in Revelation 19:8?

In Revelation 8, some saints are given fine, clean linen for their righteous acts. What characterizes these acts as righteous? Are they merely good deeds anyone, even the unsaved, can do, and they are ...
6
votes
1answer
132 views

Does the book of Ecclesiastes portray Qohelet as the author?

My understanding is that the ‘traditional’ view holds Solomon to be the author of the book who frames his own monologue by referring to himself in the third person in the prologue (1:1–11) and ...
2
votes
1answer
109 views

Melchizedek: He was a priest of the Most High?

I do not understand why Melchizedek is said "priest of God Most High" (Genesis 14:18) while to my humble knowledge, priesthood started in the law of Moses and at that point of time the law of Moses ...
6
votes
2answers
89 views

Do linguistic features of Ecclesiastes rule out Solomon as the author?

Franz Delitzsch is famously quoted as saying: If the book of Koheleth were of old Solomonic origin, then there is no history of the Hebrew Language. His argument seems to be that the Hebrew is ...
3
votes
1answer
63 views

Does the Hebrew tally these numbers?

Some Bible versions seem to make an assumption when translating the text of Daniel 12:12. Most translate it as 1335 days but that is not actually what it says! The Authorised Version (and some ...
5
votes
2answers
104 views

What is the ‘Wisdom of God’ in Luke 11:49?

Luke 11:49: διὰ τοῦτο καὶ ἡ σοφία τοῦ θεοῦ εἶπεν· ἀποστελῶ εἰς αὐτοὺς προφήτας καὶ ἀποστόλους, καὶ ἐξ αὐτῶν ἀποκτενοῦσιν καὶ διώξουσιν, (NA28) Therefore also the Wisdom of God said, 'I ...
1
vote
0answers
11 views

Hebrew-to-Greek translation of birth narrative's “virgin” [duplicate]

I've been going through a list of words and phrases that were possibly mistranslated from Hebrew to Greek, Old Testament to New Testament. The one that stood out to me with great significance is how ...
5
votes
2answers
133 views

Why did the reply in Luke 4:24 make the people furious?

In Luke 4, Jesus is in Nazareth speaking to the people there. He says that a prophet is not welcomed in his hometown. Luke 4:24-27: And He said, “Truly I say to you, no prophet is welcome in his ...
5
votes
1answer
138 views

What are the common solutions to the minor agreements of Matthew and Luke?

There are a number of points where Matthew and Luke agree against Mark in their reading, but which cannot be explained by their supposed reliance on the Q source. For instance, in the narrative of ...
3
votes
0answers
58 views

Does Sirach have a verse 42:31?

Hebrew Wikisource has the following for Sirach/Ecclesiasticus/Ben-Sira Chapter 42 Verse 31: לָשֵׂאת לֶקַח מֵחֲכָמִים וְלִשְׁמוֹעַ אֱמֶת מִפִּי אוֹמְרָהּ To take good messages from wise ones and ...
4
votes
2answers
110 views

Is Luke 11:8 about honor or persistence?

In Luke 11:5-8, Jesus tells the parable about a man woken from sleep by his friend asking for bread in the middle of the night. In verse 8 we read (bolding mine): λέγω ὑμῖν, εἰ καὶ⸌ οὐ δώσει αὐτῷ ...
1
vote
1answer
111 views

How to interpret Proverbs 6:16-19, in view of “Numbered Parallelism”

Question 1: How would one interpret, (not translate), Proverbs 6, in view of the linguistic construction: "Numbered Parallelism." How does "Numbered Parallelism", here, affect the interpretation ...
8
votes
1answer
145 views

Is Salem in Genesis 14 a shortened form of Jerusalem?

In Genesis 14:18, Mechizedek is introduced as the king of Salem (מֶ֣לֶךְ שָׁלֵם). HALOT gives several possible interpretations, citing Josephus (1:181) in support of its identification with ...
-1
votes
1answer
81 views

1 Tim 2:12: What about a woman prophesying with authority over a man? [closed]

For as long as I can remember I have implicitly read this verse as specifically referring to office-authority, IE church leadership role. Given Paul's implicit endorsement of women prophesying in 1 ...
2
votes
4answers
255 views

Looking Me Whom They Have Pierced - Zechariah 12:10

“And I will pour on the house of David and on the inhabitants of Jerusalem the Spirit of grace and supplication; then they will look on Me whom they pierced... (Zechariah 12:10 NKJV) The New ...
3
votes
2answers
91 views

Would it have mattered if God cursed Adam and Eve if they had eaten from the tree of life?

In Genesis chapter 3, Adam and Eve are booted from Eden after God curses them with mortality. Verse 22 says: And the LORD God said, Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know good and ...
2
votes
2answers
92 views

Matt 16:18 gates of hades will not “withstand” or “overcome” it - which one?

Basically most translations say: "gates of Hades will not overpower [the church]", one translation (Aramaic Bible in Plain English) says "gates of Sheol will not withstand it". My understanding of ...
3
votes
4answers
154 views

Psalm 19:3: whose voice?

Psalm 19:3/4 reads: אֵֽין־אֹ֭מֶר וְאֵ֣ין דְּבָרִ֑ים בְּ֝לִ֗י נִשְׁמָ֥ע קוֹלָֽם׃ (BHS, 19:4) There is no speech, nor are there words, whose voice is not heard. (ESV, 19:3) The idea that speech ...
1
vote
2answers
35 views

In 1 Kings 10:24, how literal is “all the earth”?

In 1 Kings 10:24, it says that all the earth sought Solomon: And all the earth sought to Solomon, to hear his wisdom, which God had put in his heart. Is this literally everyone on earth? How is ...
3
votes
1answer
75 views

Does Romans 3:31 refer to the Law or the law?

In Romans 3:21, most English translations distinguish the two uses of νόμος (law) by capitalizing the second: Νυνὶ δὲ χωρὶς νόμου δικαιοσύνη θεοῦ πεφανέρωται μαρτυρουμένη ὑπὸ τοῦ νόμου καὶ τῶν ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

The Greek origin of the New Testament [duplicate]

Today mainstream scholars think the New Testament has been written in Greek. What are their arguments?
2
votes
2answers
75 views

Who is the Branch of Zechariah 6:12?

In Zechariah 6:12 (KJV) it reads: And speak unto him, saying, Thus speaketh the LORD of hosts, saying, Behold the man whose name [is] The BRANCH; and he shall grow up out of his place, and he ...
0
votes
2answers
85 views

Did God allow the meat as aliment to make human life shorter, after the flood?

I think that a reason for which the meat was introduced as aliment for humans is that God wanted to make the their life shorter (we can see the difference between people lifes before and after the ...
6
votes
2answers
85 views

What happens ‘by nature’ in Romans 2:14?

Romans 2:14: ὅταν γὰρ ἔθνη τὰ μὴ νόμον ἔχοντα φύσει τὰ τοῦ νόμου ποιῶσιν, οὗτοι νόμον μὴ ἔχοντες ἑαυτοῖς εἰσιν νόμος·(NA28) For when Gentiles, who do not have the law, by nature do what the ...
4
votes
2answers
209 views

What are the many Sabbaths referred to in scripture?

As I was studying this morning, I came across Ezekiel 20:12 Moreover also I gave them my sabbaths, to be a sign between me and them, that they might know that I am the Lord that sanctify them. ...
9
votes
1answer
59 views

Differences in justification method in Romans 3:30

Romans 3:30 εἴπερ εἷς ὁ θεὸς ὃς δικαιώσει περιτομὴν ἐκ πίστεως καὶ ἀκροβυστίαν διὰ τῆς πίστεως.(NA28) since God is one—who will justify the circumcised by faith and the uncircumcised ...
7
votes
1answer
107 views

Why was all of Jerusalem troubled at Jesus birth?

Matthew 2:3 states When Herod the king had heard these things, he was troubled, and all Jerusalem with him. It is understandable why Herod was troubled, considering that if the baby was the ...
6
votes
1answer
89 views

Assyrian Invasions of Israel

Previous to the fall of Samaria, Tiglath-Pileser king of Assyria made several excursions into Israel. The biblical records mention three: The first was against Menahem (2 Kings 15:19-20) but he was ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Who is John actually writing his seven epistles in Revelation?

Who is John actually writing his seven epistles to in the Revelation? I know that the Greek word ἄγγελος can also mean "messenger" besides "angel". But who would those seven messengers be? How ...
4
votes
1answer
138 views

Where is the 'Arabia' that Paul went to?

In Galatians 1:17 it says: 17nor did I go up to Jerusalem to those who were apostles before me, but I went away into Arabia, and returned again to Damascus. ESV Paul mentions a three-year trip ...
3
votes
2answers
137 views

Rev 9:4: Do not hurt the non-existing grass?

In Rev. 9:4 we read that it was commanded to locusts "that they should not hurt the grass of the earth, neither any green thing, neither any tree", but just nine verses earlier, in Rev. 8:7, we are ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

Rev. 4:8, Why the difference in order? [duplicate]

In Rev. 1:4,8, we have the order "who is and who was and who is to come" but in Rev. 4:8, the order is switched to "who was and who is and who is to come." Why?
1
vote
2answers
109 views

1st John 2:12-14: little children, young men and fathers

I write unto you, little children, because your sins are forgiven you for his name's sake. I write unto you, fathers, because ye have known him that is from the beginning. I write unto you, ...
4
votes
2answers
111 views

In Romans 1:30 what does “Inventors of evil things” imply?

The KJV renders Romans 1:30 as (for context starting verse 28): Rom 1:28 And even as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind, to do those ...
3
votes
2answers
323 views

What are “unnatural” relations or relations “use beyond nature”?

Romans 1:26-27 reads: For this reason God gave them over to dishonorable passions. For their women exchanged the natural sexual relations for unnatural ones, and likewise the men also ...
4
votes
1answer
73 views

“Pangs of death” in Acts 2:24

In Acts 2:24a, Peter explains God’s plan for Jesus: ὃν ὁ θεὸς ἀνέστησεν λύσας τὰς ὠδῖνας τοῦ θανάτου God raised him up, loosing the pangs of death The phrase ὠδῖνες θανάτου seems to be a ...
3
votes
2answers
91 views

Who are the two “Lords” in Acts 2:34?

What does Peter mean by invoking Psalm 110 in his sermon in Acts 2? For David did not ascend into the heavens, but he himself says,      “‘The Lord said to my Lord, ...
9
votes
2answers
197 views

Should Matthew 28:17b be understood in a “partitive” or “inclusive” sense?

There are two distinct linguistic issues in the latter part of Matthew 28:17, which reads this way (NA28 = SBL GNT = UBS4) - καὶ ἰδόντες αὐτὸν προσεκύνησαν,a οἱ δὲ ἐδίστασαν. kai idontes auton ...
0
votes
1answer
121 views

The correct translation for Luke 6:21 (γελάσετε)

When translating the word (γελάσετε), some translators have used "you will laugh" or "you shall laugh." Blessed are you who hunger now, For you shall be filled. Blessed are you who weep now, For ...
2
votes
1answer
77 views

What is the structure of the 'foundations' of the city wall in Revelation 21?

I always assumed the foundation of a wall would be a long uniform trench, but that doesn't seem to be consistent with the description of the foundations of the New Jerusalem given in Revelation 21: ...
3
votes
2answers
87 views

What is the meaning of mešeq in Genesis 15:2?

In Genesis 15:2, as Abram laments his childlessness to the LORD, he says, and the heir of my house is Eliezer of Damascus (ESV) וּבֶן־מֶ֣שֶׁק בֵּיתִ֔י ה֖וּא דַּמֶּ֥שֶׂק אֱלִיעֶֽזֶר ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

When did Esarhaddon conquer Egypt?

Esarhaddon, son of Sennacherib, ruled the Assyrian Empire from 681 BC to 669 BC. His greatest achievement was the conquest of Egypt, and I would like to know exactly what year that happened? Also, ...
4
votes
2answers
87 views

The fifth rib in Abner

I noticed the mention of fifth rib in the murder of Abner: 2 Sam 3:27 And when Abner had returned to Hebron, Joab took him aside in the gate to speak with him quietly and smote him there under the ...
4
votes
2answers
79 views

What is the difference between οὐ δύναται (1 Jn 3.9) and Ἀδύνατον (Heb 6.4)?

What is the difference between οὐ δύναται (1 Jn 3.9) and Ἀδύνατον (Heb 6.4)? 1 John 3.9: Πᾶς ὁ γεγεννημένος ἐκ τοῦ θεοῦ ἁμαρτίαν οὐ ποιεῖ, ὅτι σπέρμα αὐτοῦ ἐν αὐτῷ μένει, καὶ οὐ δύναται ...
7
votes
2answers
695 views

Why is “maranatha” in 1 Cor 16:22?

1 Cor 16:22 reads: εἴ τις οὐ φιλεῖ τὸν κύριον, ἤτω ἀνάθεμα. μαράνα θά. NA28 If anyone has no love for the Lord, let him be accursed. Our Lord, come!ESV From what I gather, there is some ...

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