10
votes
5answers
3k views

Why “Inn” for “Kataluma” in Luke 2:7

Luke 2:7 translates "kataluma" as "inn". But in Luke 22:11 the same word is used for what seems to be a personal residence: 11 And ye shall say unto the goodman of the house, The Master saith ...
4
votes
3answers
255 views

Does Paul command the Corinthians to remain unmarried?

1 Corinthians seems pretty clear that remaining unmarried is the lifestyle that Paul prefers for Christians: 1 Corinthians 7:8 (NASB) But I say to the unmarried and to widows that it is good for ...
9
votes
1answer
208 views

Who believes, is baptized, and is saved in Acts 16?

Acts 16 tells two accounts of Philippians being saved under the preaching of Paul. First is a woman named Lydia: One who heard us was a woman named Lydia, from the city of Thyatira, a seller of ...
10
votes
4answers
2k views

What exactly was the “death in the pot”

2 Kings 4:38-41 (NIV) .. One of them .. found a wild vine and picked ... its gourds ... he cut them up into the pot of stew... they cried out, “Man of God, there is death in the pot!” And ...
5
votes
2answers
15k views

What is the significance of the floating ax head in 2 Kings 6:1-7?

Now the company of prophets said to Elisha, "As you see, the place where we live under your charge is too small for us. Let us go to the Jordan, and let us collect logs there, one for each of us, ...
4
votes
2answers
375 views

Was the gospel mystery “secret” or “revealed through the prophets”?

In the doxology of Romans, Paul writes: Now to him who is able to strengthen you according to my gospel and the preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery that was ...
8
votes
3answers
536 views

Is hermeneutics primarily descriptive or prescriptive?

I sometimes hear (particularly on this site) of hermeneutical "methods", such as the grammatico-historal approach, or literal-historical approach, or sensus plenior. These all seem to be tools or ...
1
vote
3answers
13k views

New American Standard Bible vs English Standard Version: Which one's more faithful to the original text? [duplicate]

I've read that both the NASB and ESV versions are "formal, word-for-word translations". Is there any way to determine which is the most accurate version? Bonus consideration: Precise translation ...
7
votes
5answers
3k views

What is the difference in response between Zechariah and Mary?

In Luke 1, we read very similar accounts of two births foretold. In the first, the angel Gabriel tells Zechariah that his wife Elizabeth will bear a son to be named John. In the second, Mary is told ...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

Does God intend Jerusalem to be eternally shamed In Ezekiel 16?

Ezekiel 16 is a rather spectacular allegory that compares Jerusalem to a prostitute. God ends the story with this promise: “For thus says the Lord GOD: I will deal with you as you have done, you ...
3
votes
4answers
152 views

How should ἐκκλησίαις be translated in 1 Corinthians 14:34?

Though it has a couple different meanings, most often ἐκκλησία is translated as "church" in the NT. I'm wondering, though, whether its use in 1 Corinthians 14:34 might be distinguished from its use in ...
5
votes
2answers
124 views

Meaning of ἡ κοινωνία τῆς πίστεώς σου in Philemon 6

What is the meaning of ἡ κοινωνία τῆς πίστεώς σου in Philemon 6? I have seen it rendered fellowship, sharing, communication, et cetera, but I haven't been able to clearly ascertain Paul's ...
11
votes
2answers
268 views

Why isn't there a taxonomic distinction between clean and unclean birds?

Leviticus 11:13-19 has a list of non-kosher birds that match a list in Deuteronomy 14:11-18 (NJPS): You may eat any clean bird. The following you may not eat: the eagle, the vulture, and the black ...
10
votes
3answers
4k views

Who are the morning stars in Job 38:7?

In Job 38:7 (ESV), Jehovah claims that the cornerstone of the earth was laid when the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy implying that the morning stars were ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

How did the Thanksgiving offering work?

A thanksgiving offering is mentioned in Leviticus 7:11-15 (NJPS): This is the ritual of the sacrifice of well-being that one may offer to the Lord: If he offers it for thanksgiving, he shall ...
8
votes
2answers
296 views

Did Ahaz burn up his sons in the fire or pass them through the fire?

I believe the literal translation is that he passes his sons through the fire. Does that mean that they still lived but were scarred for life, or did they lose their lives? 2 Chronicles 28:3 ...
8
votes
4answers
18k views

When did Jesus change his view on preaching to Gentiles?

In John 10:16 Jesus says (ESV quoted): And I have other sheep that are not of this fold. I must bring them also, and they will listen to my voice. So there will be one flock, one shepherd. The ...
4
votes
1answer
6k views

What does “more than conquerors” mean in Romans 8:37?

Romans 8:37 (NIV) says, "No, in all these things we are more than conquerors through him who loved us." All these things refers to trials, whether persecutions, or famine, or death. Against these ...
5
votes
2answers
328 views

Meaning of “Body of Flesh” in Colossians 2:11

In Colossians 2:11, what does Paul mean by τοῦ σώματος τῆς σαρκός? Paul uses σάρξ to refer to the body or the physical far less than John, and it is clear that isn't what he's referring to here: the ...
5
votes
4answers
7k views

Does Jesus refer to aliens in John 10:16?

Jesus said: And I have other sheep that are not of this fold. I must bring them also, and they will listen to my voice. So there will be one flock, one shepherd.—John 10:16 (ESV) Who are ...
7
votes
8answers
2k views

Were the Nephilim in Genesis 6 aliens?

Could Genesis 6:1-4 be talking about aliens? (ESV): When man began to multiply on the face of the land and daughters were born to them, the sons of God saw that the daughters of man were ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

What does Hebrews 6:4-6 mean?

This passage is a bit confusing. Could someone please shed some light on how we are to interpret what Paul is saying here? Hebrews 6:4-6 (NIV) It is impossible for those who have once been ...
8
votes
4answers
16k views

What does the living sacrifice mean in Romans 12:1?

This passage is a bit vague at first glance: Romans 12:1 (NIV) Therefore, I urge you, brothers and sisters, in view of God’s mercy, to offer your bodies as a living sacrifice, holy and pleasing ...
8
votes
2answers
406 views

How big were the nomadic clans of the patriarchs?

According to the book Genesis, 70 people came down with Jacob to dwell in Egypt after contact was made with Joseph: And the sons of Joseph who were born to him in Egypt were two souls; all the ...
4
votes
1answer
127 views

Translation of “οἰκονομίαν”

Οἰκονομία is often glossed stewardship; the UBS 4th edition Greek New Testament renders it management of a household in the glossary. However, I find it is often difficult to translate in a sentence. ...
11
votes
5answers
449 views

What were the Corinthians doing when they “baptized on behalf of the dead”?

In the very center of an argument about the general resurrection, which the Corinthians questioned, Paul says: Otherwise, what do people mean by being baptized on behalf of the dead? If the dead ...
6
votes
3answers
3k views

What does it mean when God separated light from darkness?

Genesis 1:4 NIV God saw that the light was good, and he separated the light from the darkness. God separated the light from the darkness. I don't get this part. Does it mean that light and ...
4
votes
1answer
448 views

Does 1 Cor 1:21 suggest preaching is foolish?

Contextually speaking, does 1 Corinthians 1:21 in the KJV suggest that preaching is a foolish thing? For after that in the wisdom of God the world by wisdom knew not God, it pleased God by the ...
7
votes
5answers
1k views

Synthesizing Differing Translations of Proverbs 18:24

In the King James, Prov. 18:24 reads "A man that hath friends must shew himself friendly: and there is a friend that sticketh closer than a brother." This appears to be an admonition for the reader to ...
6
votes
2answers
112 views

Are the four profitable areas in 2 Tim 3:16 covering doctrine and practice?

Looking at 2 Tim 3:16 16 All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness, (ESV) I was checking some ...
5
votes
5answers
1k views

Does Paul reject the idea of celebrating holidays in Galatians?

Paul has some very strong words against the Galatians implying that they are returning to their former state: Formerly, when you did not know God, you were enslaved to those that by nature are not ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Why is the logic in 1 Cor 2:15 when Paul says “the spiritual person…is himself to be judged by no one”

14The natural person does not accept the things of the Spirit of God, for they are folly to him, and he is not able to understand them because they are spiritually discerned. 15The spiritual person ...
7
votes
3answers
3k views

What happened to the 500 witnesses in 1 Corinthians 15?

This week I taught Sunday School from this text: For I delivered to you as of first importance what I also received: that Christ died for our sins in accordance with the Scriptures, that he was ...
4
votes
3answers
314 views

When did Jonah compose his prayer in chapter 2?

Almost the entity of Jonah, chapter 2 is a prayer to God: Jonah prayed to the Lord his God from the belly of the fish. He said: In my trouble I called to the Lord, And He answered me; From ...
8
votes
1answer
110 views

Is the Hymn To Wisdom in Job 28 a part of Job's speech?

I noticed that in the 2011 NIV, Job 28 is marked off as an interlude as does not appear in quotation marks; whereas in the 1984 NIV, the text appears in quotation marks and is considered a part of ...
2
votes
1answer
433 views

Is Psalm 19 an example of the Teleological Argument?

This morning, on the way to work, I listened to a philosophy lecture that offered Psalm 19 as an example of the Teleological Argument. The quoted portion is Psalm 19:2 in the NJPS translation: ...
4
votes
3answers
278 views

Did Jonah expect to die when he was thrown overboard?

In Chapter 1 of Jonah there is the familiar scene of him on the boat with the pagan sailors in the midst of a deadly storm. Jonah tells the men, "Pick me up and throw me into the sea, and it will ...
4
votes
1answer
143 views

What sort of disaster is Joel addressing?

In the first two chapters, Joel seems to be talking about an ecological disaster. Joel 1:20 (NJPS): The very beasts of the field Cry out to You; For the watercourses are dried up, And fire ...
8
votes
2answers
376 views

Did Job believe in an afterlife where wrongs could be righted?

At the end of his life, Job seems to have been content with his lot despite his time of suffering recorded in the rest of the book. Some have suggested that the reason he had for contentment is that ...
7
votes
2answers
530 views

Was it typical to cast lots like in Acts 1:26?

At the beginning of Acts, the eleven decide that it is appropriate to replace Judas. To do so, they narrow down the list of candidates to two men: Joseph and Matthias. Then they pray, "Show us which ...
4
votes
2answers
685 views

How should “ektroma ” be translated in 1 Corinthians 15:8?

Paul delivers his famous account of the death and resurrection of Jesus: For I delivered to you as of first importance what I also received: that Christ died for our sins in accordance with the ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

What is the meaning of “calculate” in Revelation 13:18?

This is perhaps the most famous prophesy in popular culture: This calls for wisdom: let the one who has understanding calculate the number of the beast, for it is the number of a man, and his ...
2
votes
1answer
537 views

Is the person who “denied the faith” in 1 Timothy 5:8 still a believer?

In 1 Timothy 5:8 (NIV), Paul states, "Anyone who does not provide for their relatives, and especially for their own household, has denied the faith and is worse than an unbeliever." Does the contrast ...
6
votes
3answers
203 views

Is the phrase “sin shall no longer be your master” in Romans 6:14 a command?

Paul in his letter to the Romans writes in 6:12-13: Therefore do not let sin reign in your mortal body so that you obey its evil desires. Do not offer any part of yourself to sin as an instrument ...
15
votes
5answers
13k views

What did Paul mean when he said, “work out your own salvation?”

Philippians 2:12 (ESV) 12 Therefore, my beloved, as you have always obeyed, so now, not only as in my presence but much more in my absence, work out your own salvation with fear and trembling, ...
4
votes
2answers
168 views

Does base-10 numbering in Genesis 4:24 argue against the Wiseman hypothesis?

This question is a bit esoteric. Looking at numbers in the Bible I noticed this story about one of Cain's decedents: And Lamech said to his wives, “Adah and Zillah, hear my voice; O wives of ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

Translation of “this generation will not pass away” in Matthew 24:34?

I'm curious specifically regarding the translation of the word "generation" here in Matthew 24:34, Mark 13:30, and Luke 21:32. Matthew 24:34 (NIV) Truly I tell you, this generation will ...
6
votes
2answers
589 views

How should graded numerical parallelism in Hebrew poetry be understood?

In Hebrew poetry, especially proverbs, we see examples of monotonically increasing numbers that set up parallels. For instance Proverbs 30:15 (NJPS): The leech has two daughters, “Give!” and ...
9
votes
4answers
912 views

Did Jesus have the legal authority to cleanse the temple?

The narrative of Jesus' cleansing of the temple is present in all four gospels: Mark 11:15-17, Matthew 21:12-13, Luke 19:45-46, John 2:13-17. When He cleanses the temple, there does not seem to be any ...
2
votes
2answers
782 views

Can Hosea 6:1-3 be interpreted as a prophecy of Jesus' resurrection? [closed]

Hosea 6:1-3 reads: “Come, let us return to the LORD; for he has torn us, that he may heal us; he has struck us down, and he will bind us up. After two days he will revive us; on the ...

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