9
votes
3answers
2k views

Was the Beloved Disciple the author of the Fourth Gospel?

One very common interpretation of the Gospel of John is that the Beloved Disciple was the author of the book. (Presumably, he was interested in obscuring his identity for some reason.) But other ...
1
vote
1answer
95 views

In the New Testament, What is the Origin of “Believe In” and “Believe Into”?

Is there any Extra-Biblical source, (in Classical Greek, or Semitic sources), or a syntactical rule, behind the construction: ["πιστεύων ἐν" and "πιστεύων εἰς" + "Some Leader"]* — Or, is this ...
5
votes
2answers
121 views

Can the term “eisegesis” apply to the interpretation of Old Testament passages as prophecies specifically of Jesus?

Since the last Old Testament book was written hundreds of years before the first New Testament book, it actually makes little sense to claim that any of the OT writers had specifically Jesus in mind ...
3
votes
2answers
784 views

Was only the woman to be scourged in Leviticus 19:20?

Does Leviticus 19:20 (KJV) suggest that when a man has sex with an engaged slave woman, the woman, but not the man, is to be scourged? This does not seem fair. And whosoever lieth carnally with a ...
0
votes
3answers
2k views

How to separate exegesis from eisegesis in this example?

There is a paper put on a table in a room with five doors, each taller than the one next to it. On the paper the text reads in an ancient Egyptian language: "Behind the tallest door you will find ...
9
votes
3answers
435 views

What is the difference between πιστεύων ἐν αὐτῷ and πιστεύων εἰς αὐτὸν?

ΚΑΤΑ ΙΩΑΝΝΗΝ 3:15-16 (SBLGNT) 15 ἵνα πᾶς ὁ πιστεύων ἐν αὐτῷ ἔχῃ ζωὴν αἰώνιον. 16 Οὕτως γὰρ ἠγάπησεν ὁ θεὸς τὸν κόσμον ὥστε τὸν υἱὸν τὸν μονογενῆ ἔδωκεν, ἵνα πᾶς ὁ πιστεύων εἰς αὐτὸν μὴ ἀπόληται ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

What kind of 'death' is signified in 1 Peter 4:6 [duplicate]

For the gospel has for this purpose been preached even to those who are dead, that though they are judged in the flesh as men, they may live in the spirit according to the will of God. Is Peter ...
7
votes
3answers
355 views

“The Name of Yahweh” a name for God?

I have often been told that "name" in the Old Testament has much more weight than it does to us today. Then I noticed this passage recently: See, the Name of the Yahweh comes from afar, with ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

What is socio-rhetorical criticism?

I've heard David DeSilva and Ben Witherington III associated with the term "socio-rhetorical criticism" and Witherington even has a series of commentaries titled the "Socio-Rhetorical Commentary" ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Why do different English translations differ on Matthew 24:36?

This question has been separated from this one at the request of Jon Ericson. (Thanks again for the edit.) When one looks at different translations of Matthew 24:36, one finds that the KJV mentions ...
10
votes
2answers
114 views

Why are the crowds amazed when they see Jesus in Mark 9?

Mark 9:14-29 tells the story of the healing of a boy with a spirit that 'makes him mute' and causes some sort of seizure or fit. When Jesus arrives on the scene, the crowd "were greatly amazed" ...
11
votes
5answers
9k views

Revelation 21:21 - How can gold appear clear?

"And the twelve gates were twelve pearls; each one of the gates was a single pearl. And the street of the city was pure gold, like transparent glass." (Revelation 21:21 NASB) How are we to ...
9
votes
3answers
660 views

When Jesus says “your sins are forgiven”, how is that reconciled with the sacrificial system established in the old testament?

Question: Why is it necessary to verbally forgive someone of their sins as indicated in these cases when Jesus' death and their faith should be enough? If verbal forgiveness is not necessary, why ...
5
votes
1answer
75 views

Psalms superscripts: completion or choirmaster?

Many (56) of the Greek Psalms begin (in what is the superscript in English on most chapters, not represented at all in a few): Εἰς τὸ τέλος. This is a mystery to me. The NETS translates it, ...
13
votes
1answer
580 views

Proper translation of John 1:1

Is there any particular reason why "kai Theós ēn ho Lógos" is translated "and the Word was God" and not "and God was the Word"?
1
vote
1answer
52 views

In the New Testament: What is the Gospel--that was preached?

Question: In view of Hermeneutic Consistency, and harmonizing the Biblical references of "Gospel", what was the Pragmatic, and Exegetical content of "The Gospel" message/sermon? That is, what does ...
4
votes
3answers
354 views

Why is “Elyon” Translated as “The” Most High?

I checked some bible translation here: http://www.biblestudytools.com/deuteronomy/32-8-compare.html Almost every translation translates Elyon as the Most High. The Hebrew Names Version1 translation ...
6
votes
1answer
72 views

Where is Dalmanutha?

Jesus crosses the Sea of Galilee several times from feeding the 5,000 in Mark 6 to the 4,000 in Mark 8, and He finally sails to the district of Dalmanutha: 10And immediately he got into the boat ...
-5
votes
3answers
102 views

How prominent are bible scholars that think that the “simplest reading” of some possibly polytheistic verses are the correct interpretation? [closed]

Some verses in the Torah seem to contradict a purely monotheistic interpretation. For example, deuteronomy 32:8 When the Most High gave nations as their inheritance, when he separated the human ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Pagan hairstyle forbidden in Leviticus 19, who had it?

There is a curious law in Leviticus that seems to refer to avoiding an ancient pagan rite. Do not cut the hair at the sides of your head or clip off the edges of your beard. (Leviticus 19:27) ...
3
votes
3answers
127 views

Are Exodus 24:9-11 and Exodus 24:12-14 two separate trips, or two stages in one trip?

I'm having trouble understanding the sequence of events here. first we see this: Ex. 24:9-11   Then Moses went up with Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel, and they saw ...
2
votes
0answers
98 views

Translating κυριακὸν and κυριακῇ as an adjective (dominical) instead of indicating belonging

A translation of the bible in Spanish (La Biblia Textual - 3ra Edición) translates: κυριακὸν δεῖπνον = cena dominical (dominical supper) — 1 Corinthians 11:20 and κυριακῇ ἡμέρᾳ = día ...
9
votes
6answers
1k views

Who is the “god of this world” in 2 Corinthians 4:4?

4) In their case the god of this world has blinded the minds of the unbelievers, to keep them from seeing the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God. It seems odd ...
3
votes
1answer
132 views

Ephesians 1:12 - Translation of “προηλπικότας”

I'm a super-newbie to translating NT Greek, so please be gentle. I'm curious about how to translate "προηλπικότας", found in Ephesians 1:12. A couple of translations: ESV: "were the first to hope" ...
6
votes
2answers
567 views

Does Isaiah 7:14 refer to a virgin?

There have been quite a few debates on why the word παρθένος (“virgin”) is used in the Septuagint of Isaiah 7:14 when translating the Hebrew word עלמה ("a young maiden”).1 For context let us go ...
3
votes
1answer
769 views

What does “beginning of birth pangs” mean in the context of Mathew 24:4-8?

At the end of his gospel on the tail end of a warning passage, Mathew uses the expression "beginning of birth pangs". What does he mean? And Jesus answered and said to them, “See to it that no one ...
1
vote
1answer
305 views

In Acts 3:1, What is the Significance of the Ninth Hour of Prayer?

Acts 3:1 - Now Peter and John were going up to the temple at the [a]ninth hour, the hour of prayer. I have been digging everywhere I can think of to find some description or outline of what ...
5
votes
2answers
187 views

Is 2 Kings 23:25 intended to be literal, King Josiah even better than King David?

With regards to this statement about Josiah: Before him there was no king alike him who turned to the LORD with all his heart and with all his soul and with all his might, according to all the law ...
13
votes
1answer
2k views

Where, and how, did Josiah die?

The death of Josiah is reported differently in 2 Kings and 2 Chronicles. The Kings account is brief: [WEB] 2 Kings 23 : 29 In his days Pharaoh Necoh king of Egypt went up against the king of ...
3
votes
2answers
582 views

What are the “righteous acts” of the saints in Revelation 19:8?

In Revelation 8, some saints are given fine, clean linen for their righteous acts. What characterizes these acts as righteous? Are they merely good deeds anyone, even the unsaved, can do, and they are ...
13
votes
3answers
440 views

Is ἐγώ εἰμι testified in extra-biblical Greek as an expression for saying “I am he”?

This question arises from this insightful answer to another question about John 8:58. That answer makes an argument that the Greek ἐγώ εἰμι (literally "I am") is the wording used to translate the ...
9
votes
6answers
391 views

Hosea 6.7: “like men”, “like Adam”, or “at Adam”?

I was doing some study on Adam, and came across Hosea 6.7. The Hebrew, for reference: והמה כאדם עברו ברית שם בגדו בי׃ I was already aware different translations choose to render כאדם either as ...
2
votes
0answers
195 views

What are the translations of the Greek word “monogenes” in Ancient Versions?Is it “only” or “only-begotten”?

What are the translations of the Greek word "monogenes" in Ancient Versions? Is it "only" or "only-begotten"? Latin Coptic Syriac Georgian etc. The following Bible verses have "monogenes" in it: ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

Did Lot or the men of Sodom recognize Lot's visitors as angels?

When the two angels arrive in Sodom in Genesis 19, Lot seems to immediately recognize them as such. He bows down to them, calls them "My lords", and invites them into "your servant's house." When the ...
1
vote
1answer
226 views

In 1 Cor. 15:56, What is the “Power” of Sin?

Question: In 1 Cor. 15:56, what is the "Power / δύναμις of Sin"? Note: I had expected to find a form of "ἐξουσία" for power, but this wasn't the case. Similarly, there is another question on ...
5
votes
4answers
184 views

“Voice” or “string” in Psalm 19:4?

I’m trying to figure out what’s going on in Psalm 19:4/5a: Their voice goes out through all the earth ESV 19:4a :בְּכָל־הָאָ֨רֶץ ׀ יָ֘צָ֤א קַוָּ֗ם BHS 19:5a εἰς πᾶσαν τὴν γῆν ἐξῆλθεν ὁ φθόγγος ...
9
votes
2answers
12k views

What does “Do not arouse or awaken love until it so desires.” mean?

Reading the Song of Solomon, the phase "do not awaken love" or variants thereof is used several times. What does it mean? Song of Solomon 8:4 Daughters of Jerusalem, I charge you: Do not arouse ...
4
votes
2answers
94 views

What is the difference between οὐ δύναται (1 Jn 3.9) and Ἀδύνατον (Heb 6.4)?

What is the difference between οὐ δύναται (1 Jn 3.9) and Ἀδύνατον (Heb 6.4)? 1 John 3.9: Πᾶς ὁ γεγεννημένος ἐκ τοῦ θεοῦ ἁμαρτίαν οὐ ποιεῖ, ὅτι σπέρμα αὐτοῦ ἐν αὐτῷ μένει, καὶ οὐ δύναται ...
4
votes
1answer
87 views

Textual criticism of the Hebrew bible and the rule of the ‘lectio difficilior'

I have a basic idea that, in New Testament text criticism, there is a guideline that the more difficult reading is more likely to be correct. (Mentioned in this answer on BH.SE. Even Wikipedia knows ...
6
votes
1answer
166 views

Does the book of Ecclesiastes portray Qohelet as the author?

My understanding is that the ‘traditional’ view holds Solomon to be the author of the book who frames his own monologue by referring to himself in the third person in the prologue (1:1–11) and ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

What are the major variations of the “double-fulfillment” hermeneutic?

"Double-fulfillment" Some hermeneutics hold that Biblical prophecy should be understood in terms of a "double-fulfillment". For example, many understand the following prophecy in terms of a ...
6
votes
2answers
129 views

Do linguistic features of Ecclesiastes rule out Solomon as the author?

Franz Delitzsch is famously quoted as saying: If the book of Koheleth were of old Solomonic origin, then there is no history of the Hebrew Language. His argument seems to be that the Hebrew is ...
6
votes
2answers
314 views

The meaning of παρασκευή ('day of preparation')

Background I realise that the word παρασκευή has a wider range then just a reference to a day, for example Eph 6:15 is not a reference to a specific day however it is the understanding of this term ...
2
votes
7answers
1k views

What is the new covenant made with Jews/Israel in Jeremiah 31:31

Jeremiah 31 verses 31-33, talks about a new covenant forged explicitly with Jews/Israel and only with Jews/Israel, and none other. I'm quoting the passage in Hebrew and providing the phrase literal ...
10
votes
9answers
15k views

What is the “first resurrection”?

Finishing up the year in the Bible, I heard this passage: Then I saw thrones, and seated on them were those to whom the authority to judge was committed. Also I saw the souls of those who had been ...
11
votes
3answers
10k views

Who is the intended audience of Matthew 5-7?

Matthew 5 begins: 1Seeing the crowds, he went up on the mountain, and when he sat down, his disciples came to him. 2And he opened his mouth and taught them, saying: ESV and Matthew 7 ends: ...
5
votes
1answer
10k views

Does Mark 11:26 mean that those who do not forgive others are not forgiven by God?

Mark 11:26 has always bothered me: But if you do not forgive, neither will your Father who is in heaven forgive your transgressions NASB As far as I can tell, the overall locus of the ...
5
votes
2answers
285 views

What is the ‘Wisdom of God’ in Luke 11:49?

Luke 11:49: διὰ τοῦτο καὶ ἡ σοφία τοῦ θεοῦ εἶπεν· ἀποστελῶ εἰς αὐτοὺς προφήτας καὶ ἀποστόλους, καὶ ἐξ αὐτῶν ἀποκτενοῦσιν καὶ διώξουσιν, (NA28) Therefore also the Wisdom of God said, 'I ...
5
votes
1answer
310 views

Was Ishmael a teenager or a child when he and Hagar were sent away by Sarah?

When Sarah sent Hagar and Ishmael away in Genesis 21, Ishmael is referred to several times as a child: 15When the water in the skin was gone, she put the child under one of the bushes. 16Then she ...
7
votes
8answers
6k views

What does it mean to convict the world concerning righteousness?

In John 16:8-11, we read (emphasis mine): When he comes, he will convict the world of guilt in regard to sin and righteousness and judgment: in regard to sin, because men do not believe in me; in ...

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