3
votes
1answer
70 views

Sarcasm on Mars Hill

Was Paul being sarcastic when he said in the "Sermon on Mars Hill": So Paul stood in the midst of the Areopagus and said, “Men of Athens, I observe that you are very religious in all ...
3
votes
4answers
197 views

After Israel repeatedly sinned, why is it said, “He has not observed iniquity in Jacob” (Num 23:21)?

Num 23:21 says, “He has not observed iniquity in Jacob, Nor has He seen wickedness in Israel. The Lord his God is with him," How can this be said about Israel, after all the times they rebelled ...
3
votes
2answers
147 views

Does John 1:12 identify believers of the past only, or past and present tense believers?

Here are two versions to help aid the question: But to all who did receive him, who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God, John 1:12 ESV But to all who have received him ...
3
votes
2answers
272 views

Does John 21:20-24 indicate that the original author of the Fourth Gospel was dead?

Early tradition says that the author lived on for some time after the composition, while many post-eighteenth century critical scholars seem to take for granted that the author (if it even is the ...
3
votes
3answers
413 views

How does Peter fit the events of Acts 2 into the apocalyptic imagery of Joel?

In Act 2, the disciples of Jesus were gathered in the upper room when something extraordinary occurred which caused a stir in Jerusalem. Luke gives Peter a chance to explain in the first extended ...
3
votes
1answer
110 views

What is the significance of the phrase πιστὸς ὁ λόγος (“the faithful saying”) in Pauline epistles?

I was browsing the first epistle of Timotheos, and I noticed that the apostle Paulos sometimes preceded a statement by the Greek phrase πιστὸς ὁ λόγος (cp. 1 Tim. 1:15), which may be translated as ...
3
votes
1answer
178 views

Why is the Greek word ἀγάπη often translated as “charity” in the New Testament?

Why is the Greek word ἀγάπη often translated as "charity" in the New Testament? Has the meaning of "charity" changed over time?
3
votes
2answers
103 views

In 1 Peter 1:4, why did the translators of the KJV translate εἰς ἡμᾶς as “for you”?

The Greek text of the Textus Receptus: εἰς κληρονομίαν ἄφθαρτον καὶ ἀμίαντον καὶ ἀμάραντον τετηρημένην ἐν οὐρανοῖς εἰς ἡμᾶς εἰς ἡμᾶς are basic Greek words, so how could such learned Greek ...
3
votes
2answers
197 views

Why is 'Sabbath' often plural in the Greek text (both LXX and NT) yet translated as if it were singular?

Why is 'Sabbath' often plural in the Greek text (both LXX and NT) yet translated as if it were singular? In my research online, I've been finding that this issue is hotly debated between Seventh Day ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

Was Barabbas' given name Jesus?

The ESV is typical in it's rendering of Barabbas' name: Now at the feast the governor was accustomed to release for the crowd any one prisoner whom they wanted. And they had then a notorious ...
3
votes
2answers
91 views

Who repents in Zechariah 1:6?

The first oracle the prophet Zechariah receives is this: 2"The Lord was very angry with your fathers. 3Therefore say to them, Thus declares Yahweh of hosts: Return to me, says Yahweh of hosts, and ...
3
votes
1answer
409 views

“God of Heaven” in the book of Daniel

I noticed that "the God of heaven" is a common title used for God in the book of Daniel. Is this name used anywhere else in the Scriptures? Why is it used so much in the book of Daniel? (Perhaps for ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

What is the significance of the Rose of Sharon?

Several times, I've heard the song He is Yahweh by Vineyard. The chorus goes as follows: Creator God, He is Yahweh The Great I Am, He is Yahweh The Lord of All, He is Yahweh Rose of Sharon, ...
3
votes
2answers
633 views

What does Paul mean by “if we preach…contrary to [ourselves]”?

I am astonished that you are so quickly deserting him who called you in the grace of Christ and are turning to a different gospel—not that there is another one, but there are some who trouble ...
3
votes
1answer
597 views

What does “lawlessness” refer to in 1 John 3:4?

In 1 John 3:4 (ESV), we read: Everyone who makes a practice of sinning also practices lawlessness; sin is lawlessness. My understanding is that in the LXX, the Greek word ἀνομία usually refers ...
3
votes
2answers
58 views

What is it that Paul prays Ephesians will comprehend?

Writing to the Ephesians, Paul talks about his prayer life: For this reason I bow my knees before the Father, ... [that you] may have strength to comprehend with all the saints what is the breadth ...
3
votes
1answer
76 views

What does this seemingly physical “glory of the Lord” mean?

Many passages, such as the following two from Ezekiel, refer to "the glory of the Lord" in a way that seems as if it were a physical thing. How can we understand these verses? Then the Spirit ...
3
votes
2answers
117 views

Is stewardship of the earth a modern interpretation?

I've heard from a Christian that the Bible talks about God giving stewardship over the earth. That is, not just an entitlement to use the earth, but a responsibility to maintain it wisely. When I ...
3
votes
2answers
77 views

Are the thoughts of the Gentiles conflicting in Romans 2:15?

Romans 2:15 NIV They show that the requirements of the law are written on their hearts, their consciences also bearing witness, and their thoughts sometimes accusing them and at other times ...
3
votes
1answer
298 views

Is the robe that Jesus wears “Dipped” or “Spattered” in blood

In Revelation 19:13, regarding the rider on the white horse, it is written (NIV), He is dressed in a robe dipped in blood. In the same chapter at verse 15 it is written, He treads the ...
3
votes
1answer
194 views

The value of the 153 large fish in John 21:11?

I have often wondered if the large catch of fish in John 21:11 just prior to Jesus' intimate discussion with Peter might have been a "test" or "challenge" to Peter as Jesus urged him to feed and tend ...
3
votes
3answers
196 views

What does Paul mean when he says “the time is short” in 1 Corinthians 7:29?

In 1 Corinthians 7:29, Paul states, "What I mean, brothers and sisters, is that the time is short." It seems possibly to be related to the "present crisis" mentioned in verse 26, but I'm not sure. ...
3
votes
1answer
82 views

What do pronouns “their” in Mark 9:43-48 refer to?

Mar 9:43-4: And if thy hand offend thee, cut it off: it is better for thee to enter into life maimed, than having two hands to go into hell, into the fire that never shall be quenched. Where ...
3
votes
2answers
94 views

Does Joshua 6:20 suggest an earthquake occurred at Jericho?

In Joshua 6:20, it states (from the King James version here): So the people shouted when the priests blew with the trumpets: and it came to pass, when the people heard the sound of the trumpet, ...
3
votes
1answer
78 views

What is Jesus saying in Mark 14:42?

Here is the passage, for context: And again He came and found them sleeping, for their eyes were very heavy; and they did not know what to answer Him. And He came the third time, and said to them, ...
3
votes
1answer
367 views

How do you know when to understand the Hebrew word עלום (olam) as “eternal” or simply a long duration?

In Gen. 9:16, עלום is translated as "everlasting" in reference to the covenant of the rainbow: וְהָיְתָה הַקֶּשֶׁת בֶּעָנָן וּרְאִיתִיהָ לִזְכֹּר בְּרִית עוֹלָם בֵּין אֱלֹהִים וּבֵין כָּל נֶפֶשׁ ...
3
votes
1answer
157 views

Why does the original KJV use fishes instead of fish?

From what I've been taught, the word "fishes" is typically used in a sentence to describe various kinds of fish, whereas the plural form of "fish" is used to describe multiple fish of the same ...
3
votes
1answer
784 views

Who are the deceivers 1 John is written against, mentioned in 2:26?

John, who seems to be particularly good at explicitly stating his purpose of writing, makes it clear in his first epistle that he is writing against some group of false teachers (2:26): I write ...
3
votes
1answer
523 views

What is the role of the paragogic heh when used with the second person as in Psalm 108:5 (ר֣וּמָה)?

What is the role of the paragogic heh when used with the second person as in Psalm 108:5 (ר֣וּמָה)? When used with the first person it as a cohortative meaning, but what's the difference with the ...
3
votes
1answer
122 views

Were the men in Ezra 10:3 breaking marriage covenents by divorcing their foreign wives?

In other cases, Israel was called to keep their ill-advised covenents such as the one made with the Gibeonites. Why would it be preferred to break marriage covenents in this case? They even make a ...
3
votes
2answers
160 views

Translation questions “right, may, might” as listed below

John 1:12 "to all who received Him, to those who believed in His name, He gave the right to become children of God." John 20:31 "but these (signs) are written so that you may believe that Jesus is ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

What is the meaning of Deuteronomy 25:11-12?

We are told in this verse about the case in which a wife who, in helping her husband fend off an attacker, seizes the attacker by the genitals. The verse tells the husband that he must cut off her ...
3
votes
2answers
838 views

Do the Dead Sea Scrolls argue against Aramaic primacy?

One of the arguments for Aramaic being the original language of the New Testament is the theory that Hebrew was replaced by Old Aramaic as the vernacular language in Judea following the Babylonian ...
3
votes
1answer
203 views

Is conscience (συνείδησις) a particularly Pauline idea?

At the end of Hebrews (13:18) Autor petitions his hearers: "Pray for us, for we are sure that we have a clear conscience, desiring to act honorably in all things." (ESV) I was reading this recently ...
3
votes
1answer
778 views

Is Uzziah and Azariah name of the same king?

This is with reference to the two chapters : 2 Chronicles 26 Then all the people of Judah took Uzziah, who was sixteen years old, and made him king in the room of his father Amaziah. 2 He ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

What is the referent for “brother” in 1 John 4:20-21?

1 John 4:20-21 20 If a man say, I love God, and hateth his brother, he is a liar: for he that loveth not his brother whom he hath seen, how can he love God whom he hath not seen? 21 And this ...
3
votes
1answer
119 views

Who is “I” in Psalm 4

Several verses in Psalm 4 are in the first person, for example in verse 1: Answer me when I call, O God of my righteousness! You have given me relief when I was in distress. Be gracious to me and ...
3
votes
4answers
764 views

What is the connection between manna and living on the Word of God?

In Deuteronomy 8, Moses gives the theology of manna: And he humbled you and let you hunger and fed you with manna, which you did not know, nor did your fathers know, that he might make you know ...
3
votes
2answers
182 views

Connotation of πλεονεξία in Colossians 3:5

Looking at Colossians 3:5 in Greek: Νεκρώσατε οὖν τὰ μέλη τὰ ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς, πορνείαν ἀκαθαρσίαν πάθος ἐπιθυμίαν κακήν, καὶ τὴν πλεονεξίαν, ἥτις ἐστὶν εἰδωλολατρία. Πλεονεξία, often translated ...
3
votes
1answer
211 views

How do Revelation 19 and 20 relate to one another?

I know some people think that the visions in Revelation 20 are a chronological continuation of the one at the end of chapter 19, while others think that the visions in chapter 20 are a re-framing and ...
3
votes
1answer
360 views

What is the temple that Paul refers to in 2 Thessalonians 2:4?

2 Thessalonians 2:4 talks about the man of lawlessness, "who opposes and exalts himself against every so-called god or object of worship, so that he takes his seat in the temple of God, proclaiming ...
3
votes
2answers
104 views

Do any Hermeneutical approaches provide an explanation of the limited information on Shamgar the Judge?

Shamgar is mentioned only twice in the bible, Judges 3:31 and an oblique reference in Judges 5:6. It is striking in that certain facts are made completely plain such as the number of Philistines he ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Why is the logic in 1 Cor 2:15 when Paul says “the spiritual person…is himself to be judged by no one”

14The natural person does not accept the things of the Spirit of God, for they are folly to him, and he is not able to understand them because they are spiritually discerned. 15The spiritual person ...
3
votes
2answers
676 views

“That they may be one, even as we are one” in John 17:11

In John 17:11, Jesus prays that his disciples "may be one": 11And I am no longer in the world, but they are in the world, and I am coming to you. Holy Father, keep them in your name, which you ...
3
votes
2answers
68 views

Haggai 1:6 - Thirsty vs Drunk

Haggai 1:6 (NLT): You have planted much but harvest little. You eat but are not satisfied. You drink but are still thirsty. You put on clothes but cannot keep warm. Your wages disappear as though ...
3
votes
2answers
124 views

“Under heaven” or “under the heavens” on day three of creation?

The ESV translation uses the terms "Heaven" and "the heavens" in verses 8 and 9 of Genesis 1 in a way I find confusing: 8And God called the expanse Heaven. And there was evening and there was ...
3
votes
2answers
204 views

What would Peter “bind” or “loose” on earth?

In Matthew 16 Jesus tells Peter that, as the rock on which his church will be built, he’d bind or loose things on earth. Matthew 16:18-19 (KJV) And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

What did Jesus mean when he called the Pharisees “A brood of vipers”?

In Matthew 12:34 when Jesus is speaking to the Pharisees it is written, (NIV) You brood of vipers,how can you who are evil say anything good? For out of the overflow of the heart the mouth ...
3
votes
1answer
108 views

Why are thighs important?

There is an old question on Christianity.SE which I suggested that it should also be asked here - since we don't migrate OLD questions. In doing so, I noticed that the OP hasn't been really active ...
3
votes
1answer
79 views

Translation of ἀετοί in Matthew 24:28

I know that another question focuses on the meaning of the phrase in which this word is used, but I am only interested in the translation of the word itself (most answers to that question take the ...

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