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336 views

The Correct Meaning of Genesis 6:3 - Also Flesh or Is Flesh?

This is a translational issue which the meaning changes greatly on, depending on how it is rendered. For a Christian reader this matter of spirit or flesh (or both) would be highly relevant. Some ...
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333 views

Understanding the appropriation of Psalm 22:2 in the Gospel crucifixion accounts

In Matthew 27:46, the author quotes Jesus, first transliterating his words with Greek letter (NA28 | ESV): ηλι ηλι λεμα σαβαχθανι; Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani? He then translates into Greek: ...
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3answers
415 views

In the Gospel of John, why does Jesus say (four times), “I will raise him up at the last day”?

It's obviously significant since he repeated it four times, but what actually is the significance of the phrase? The phrase is translated from the Greek ἀναστήσω αὐτὸ (ἐν) τῇ ἐσχάτῃ ἡμέρᾳ which ...
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2k views

What was the 'reproach of Egypt' referred to in Joshua 5:9?

In Joshua chapter 5, after the Israelites had crossed the Jordan into the promised land, all the men of that generation were circumcised, Then the Lord said to Joshua, “Today I have rolled away ...
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2answers
2k views

KJV Romans 12:3 according as God hath dealt to every man the measure of faith

In the King James Bible Romans 12:3 states ... "according as God hath dealt to every man the measure of faith"... Does this mean his followers were given a different "measure of faith"; that each ...
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2answers
231 views

John 21:15: “do you love me more than…?”

John 21:15a reads NA28 Ὅτε οὖν ἠρίστησαν λέγει τῷ Σίμωνι Πέτρῳ ὁ Ἰησοῦς· Σίμων Ἰωάννου, ἀγαπᾷς με πλέον τούτων; ESV When they had finished breakfast, Jesus said to Simon Peter, “Simon, son ...
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What does it mean for Elisha to want “a double portion” from Elijah?

Answers on this question conclude that "portion" refers to inheritance. Just before Elijah is taken to Heaven, Elisha asks for a "double portion" of his spirit. 2 Kings 2:9 When they had crossed ...
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2answers
374 views

In 1 John 3:6, is “keeps on sinning” a good translation of ἁμαρτάνει?

1 John 3:6 reads: πᾶς ὁ ἐν αὐτῷ μένων οὐχ ἁμαρτάνει· πᾶς ὁ ἁμαρτάνων οὐχ ἑώρακεν αὐτὸν οὐδὲ ἔγνωκεν αὐτόν The KJV translates it the way the elementary Greek student would (if he lived in ...
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1answer
150 views

Is there special meaning to the punishment of being turned into a pillar of salt?

As Lot leaves Sodom the angels warn him (Genesis 19:17): And as they brought them out, one said, "Escape for your life. Do not look back or stop anywhere in the valley. Escape to the hills, lest ...
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1answer
442 views

What did Nadab and Abihu do wrong?

Leviticus 10 tells about the death of Aaron's sons: Now Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, each took his censer and put fire in it and laid incense on it and offered unauthorized[a] fire before ...
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159 views

What does the grammatical tense of the verb “judged” in 1 Peter 4:6 tell us about the order of the events in the verse?

In the following verse: For for this cause was the gospel preached also to them that are dead, that they might be judged according to men in the flesh, but live according to God in the spirit. (1 ...
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2answers
178 views

Heb. 1:2: What is the significance of υἱῷ being anarthrous?

Greek text of Heb. 1:2 according to Textus Receptus (Estienne, 1550): ἐπ᾽ ἐσχάτων τῶν ἡμερῶν τούτων ἐλάλησεν ἡμῖν ἐν υἱῷ ὃν ἔθηκεν κληρονόμον πάντων δι᾽ οὗ καὶ τοὺς αἰῶνας ἐποίησεν What is the ...
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1answer
179 views

Distinction between παρὰ τοῦ θεοῦ ἐξῆλθον and ἐκ τοῦ θεοῦ ἐξῆλθον

A few times, Jesus states παρὰ τοῦ θεοῦ ἐξῆλθον (John 16:27-28). But, once he states, ἐκ τοῦ θεοῦ ἐξῆλθον (John 8:42). How should each phrase be translated into English? What does each phrase mean ...
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1answer
269 views

What is the meaning of the genitive absolute in Hebrews 4:3?

Hebrews 4:3 in Greek: εἰσερχόμεθα γὰρ εἰς τὴν κατάπαυσιν οἱ πιστεύσαντες, καθὼς εἴρηκεν, Ὡς ὤμοσα ἐν τῇ ὀργῇ μου, εἰ εἰσελεύσονται εἰς τὴν κατάπαυσίν μου. καίτοι τῶν ἔργων ἀπὸ καταβολῆς ...
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1answer
225 views

How old were the youths mauled by bears?

In 2 Kings 2:23, a group of boys jeers Elisha. Various English translations render this "young boys", "young lads", "boys", "small boys". What kind of range does the Hebrew word behind this group of ...
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2answers
1k views

Why in John's account does Jesus reply to Pilate's inquiry with a question?

The initial exchange between Pilate and Jesus in Mark 15:2 is quite terse: And Pilate asked him, “Are you the King of the Jews?” And he answered him, “You have said so.” Matthew 27:11 and Luke ...
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1answer
4k views

When did separation between Israel and Judah happen? [closed]

Before the First Book of Kings there was only one nation - Israel named after Jacob (whose other name was Israel and who was called the Father of Israel). But in the Second Book of Kings it is not ...
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3answers
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Were they Roman guards who watched Jesus' tomb in Matthew 27?

A recent question about the securing of a tomb on the Sabbath made me wonder whether the guards posted at Jesus' tomb in Matthew 27:62-66 are Roman guards (which I guess I'd always assumed) or Jewish ...
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2answers
207 views

Why did the commanders put their garments under Jehu?

In 2 Kings 9 we read (ESV): 11 When Jehu came out to the servants of his master, they said to him, “Is all well? Why did this mad fellow come to you?” And he said to them, “You know the fellow and ...
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1answer
562 views

Did Tamar marry a third time, and if so whom?

Genesis 38:26 says: וַיַּכֵּר יְהוּדָה וַיֹּאמֶר צָדְקָה מִמֶּנִּי כִּי עַל כֵּן לֹא נְתַתִּיהָ לְשֵׁלָה בְנִי וְלֹא יָסַף עוֹד לְדַעְתָּהּ: Then Judah recognized [them], and he said, "She is ...
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1answer
145 views

What distinguishes an excellent concordance?

A concordance can be extremely helpful in the study of a text as well as its language. Excellent understanding of the language (aided by a concordance) will help in understanding a religious text, or ...
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2answers
1k views

Pagan hairstyle forbidden in Leviticus 19, who had it?

There is a curious law in Leviticus that seems to refer to avoiding an ancient pagan rite. Do not cut the hair at the sides of your head or clip off the edges of your beard. (Leviticus 19:27) ...
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2answers
270 views

Murder on the way to Shechem in Hosea 6:9

Hosea 6:9 (NLT) reads: Priests form bands of robbers, waiting in ambush for their victims. They murder travelers along the road to Shechem and practice every kind of sin. Hosea seems intent on ...
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3answers
195 views

What is indicated by “δοξάζω” being in the aorist in Romans 8:30?

Every verb in Romans 8:30 is in the aorist: οὓς δὲ προώρισεν, τούτους καὶ ἐκάλεσεν· καὶ οὓς ἐκάλεσεν, τούτους καὶ ἐδικαίωσεν· οὓς δὲ ἐδικαίωσεν, τούτους καὶ ἐδόξασεν. Those whom he ...
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2answers
196 views

Does base-10 numbering in Genesis 4:24 argue against the Wiseman hypothesis?

This question is a bit esoteric. Looking at numbers in the Bible I noticed this story about one of Cain's decedents: And Lamech said to his wives, “Adah and Zillah, hear my voice; O wives of ...
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5answers
3k views

What does “reconciling all things” mean in Colossians 1:20?

In Colossians 1:19-20 (NIV) we read: For God was pleased to have all his fullness dwell in him, and through him to reconcile to himself all things, whether things on earth or things in heaven, by ...
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1answer
174 views

What is the “clear sign” in Philippians 1:28?

Philippians 1:27-28 (ESV) 27 Only let your manner of life be worthy of the gospel of Christ, so that whether I come and see you or am absent, I may hear of you that you are standing firm in ...
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2answers
818 views

Who wrote the hymn in Philippians 2?

Wikipedia claims, "It is possible that the kenosis passage in Philippians 2:5-11 may have been a Christian hymn that Paul quoted." If Paul is possibly not the author of this hymn, is there any ...
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1answer
646 views

Influence of Tubingen School of F.C. Baur

What were the main conclusions reached by the Tubingen School of Ferdinand Christian Baur? What impact did they have on the field of hermeneutics?
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1answer
62 views

Social standing of first century physicians

In Mark 5:26, in telling the story of the woman who had been bleeding, Mark mentions: She had suffered a great deal under the care of many doctors and had spent all she had, yet instead of getting ...
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4answers
103 views

Is Jesus the Good Samaritan?

It seems clear that in at least some parables there is an analogical correspondence between some character in the parable and Jesus. For instance, in the parable of the tenants in Luke 20, most would ...
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2answers
99 views

Did both thieves on The cross mock Jesus?

In the accounts of Matthew and Mark both thieves on the cross mock Jesus, but Luke's account says that one of them didn't mock Him but on the contrary he rebuked the other thief and said "Lord, ...
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1answer
76 views

What is the purpose of the phrase “all swarming creatures that swarm on the earth” in Genesis 7:21?

Genesis 7:21 reads: וַיִּגְוַ֞ע כָּל־בָּשָׂ֣ר ׀ הָרֹמֵ֣שׂ עַל־הָאָ֗רֶץ בָּעֹ֤וף וּבַבְּהֵמָה֙ וּבַ֣חַיָּ֔ה וּבְכָל־הַשֶּׁ֖רֶץ הַשֹּׁרֵ֣ץ עַל־הָאָ֑רֶץ וְכֹ֖ל הָאָדָֽם׃ (WLC) The ESV translation ...
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1answer
134 views

What is the meaning of “He is to thee a covering of the eyes”(Gen. 20:16)?

Gen. 20:16 records Abimelech's speech to Sarah, "And to Sarah he said, Behold, I have given your brother a thousand pieces of silver: behold, he is to you a covering of the eyes, to all that ...
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1answer
101 views

Whose name is written on the twelfth foundation stone? Is it Judas Iscariot Or Matthias or Paul?

Revelation 21:14 says: And the wall of the city had twelve foundation stones, and on them were the twelve names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb. (NASB) We pretty much know what the names of ...
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1answer
92 views

Does the cup in Mark 10:38-39 carry an allusion to the sacrament?

In Mark 10, when James and John ask Jesus that they be seated at his right and left in the kingdom, Jesus replies to them (verse 38): "You don’t know what you are asking," Jesus said. "Can you ...
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2answers
197 views

Sandals and Holy Ground

In Exodus 3, Moses is commanded to take off his shoes because he is standing on holy ground, yet before him is appearing an Angel of the LORD, not God himself (in contrast to Exodus 19 an onward where ...
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2answers
166 views

If Adam wasn't deceived but Eve (1 Timothy 2:14), then, why did sin enter not by Eve but by Adam (Romans 5:12)? [closed]

If Adam wasn't deceived but Eve (1 Timothy 2:14), then, why did sin enter not by Eve but by Adam (Romans 5:12)? 1 Timothy 2:14 (NIV) And Adam was not the one deceived; it was the woman who ...
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1answer
57 views

Odd construction in 1 Peter 3:2?

As I've mentioned in other posts/questions, I am a novice to NT Greek and translation (but I'm trying to fix that!). Today, I randomly picked 1 Peter 3:1-6 to translate as an exercise. I kinda sorta ...
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1answer
112 views

What did God put into the human heart according to the Hebrew text of Ecclesiastes 3:11?

The Masoretic Text of Ecclesiastes [= Qohelet/Kohelet] 3:11bα reads this way: גַּ֤ם אֶת־הָעֹלָם֙ נָתַ֣ן בְּלִבָּ֔ם gam ʾet-hāʿōlām nātan bəlibbāmᵃ Also he has put העלם in their heart ᵃ ...
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1answer
191 views

What is the meaning of “The Death of the Son” at the beginning of Psalm 9?

The superscript of Psalm 9 contains the phrase: BHS: עַלְמ֥וּת לַבֵּ֗ן RSV/ESV: according to Muth-labben. NIV: To the tune of “The Death of the Son.” Most translations have chosen something ...
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2answers
124 views

How do sins become strangers in Greek Psalm 18 (19)?

Psalm 19:14 (13) reads: גַּ֤ם מִזֵּדִ֨ים ׀ חֲשֹׂ֬ךְ עַבְדֶּ֗ךָ אַֽל־יִמְשְׁלוּ־בִ֣י אָ֣ז אֵיתָ֑ם וְ֝נִקֵּ֗יתִי מִפֶּ֥שַֽׁע רָֽב׃ (BHS) Keep back your servant also from presumptuous sins; let them not ...
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2answers
260 views

1 Kings 3:16-28 - The Story of Solomon and the Two Mothers

I'm reading through Samuel and Kings at the moment (basically the same book, I know). I've just come to the well-known story of Solomon and the two (prostitute) mothers. I was wondering whether this ...
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1answer
147 views

Does the New Testament claim to be Scripture?

What evidence do we have that Paul, or other NT writers thought that their own writings were the Word of God on par with the Old Testament? 2 Tim. 3:16 - All scripture is given by inspiration of ...
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1answer
78 views

Were verses 15-18 a later addition to Genesis 22?

I recently learned that many scholars think that verses 15-18 of Genesis 22 were a later addition to the text. These verses comprise the second angelic monologue after his initial instruction to spare ...
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1answer
111 views

What is a “hermeneutics of the letter”?

In 2009, Peter Leithart published Deep Exegesis: The Mystery of Reading Scripture (Baylor University Press) - a book that in part aims to advocate a "hermeneutics of the letter." First, this book ...
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2answers
458 views

Does Isaiah 7:14 refer to a virgin?

There have been quite a few debates on why the word παρθένος (“virgin”) is used in the Septuagint of Isaiah 7:14 when translating the Hebrew word עלמה ("a young maiden”).1 For context let us go ...
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1answer
121 views

What is Jesus' purpose in asking about Psalm 110?

In Mark 12, Jesus is questioned by the various parties and is shown to answer wisely such that no one dares to ask him any more questions. And then he asks his own: While Jesus was teaching in the ...
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1answer
77 views

Why is the word ἐβαπτίσθη used in Luke 11:38?

When referring to washing up before eating in Luke 11:38 (actually referring to not washing), the greek word used is ἐβαπτίσθη (ebaptisthē: he washed). Yet, in Mark 7:3, which is also referring to ...
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1answer
152 views

Shema and Psalms 110: Is Mark making a case for Jesus' divinity?

Did Mark intend his audience to make a connection between Jesus' full quotation of the Shema in Mark 12:29 ("here Oh Israel, the Lord our God is one Lord...") and Jesus' raising the issue of two Lords ...

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