5
votes
2answers
174 views

What is a “Pre-Christian” understanding of the Abomination of Desolation?

In Matt. 24:15 and Mark 13:14 it says, "When ye therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place, (in the Mark account, it says "where ...
3
votes
2answers
217 views

What does the Greek word κύριος mean in 1 Cor. 12:3?

What does the Greek word κύριος mean in 1 Cor. 12:3? Is the phrase «κύριος Ἰησοῦς» to be understood as "Jesus is Yahveh" (where κύριος is a substitute for the Tetragrammaton), or "Jesus is the lord" ...
5
votes
1answer
114 views

1 Cor. 2:1 - μαρτύριον v. μυστήριον

Textus Receptus (Estienne, 1550): Κἀγὼ ἐλθὼν πρὸς ὑμᾶς ἀδελφοί ἦλθον οὐ καθ᾽ ὑπεροχὴν λόγου ἢ σοφίας καταγγέλλων ὑμῖν τὸ μαρτύριον τοῦ θεοῦ Nestle-Aland 28th ed.: Κἀγὼ ἐλθὼν πρὸς ὑμᾶς, ...
6
votes
1answer
93 views

Whose home was unroofed by the paralytic's friends?

In Mark 2:1, we have A few days later, when Jesus again entered Capernaum, the people heard that he had come home. (NIV) Was he in his own home? If so, how does this change the ...
6
votes
2answers
204 views

Circumcision “reversal” in 1 Corinthians

1 Cor 7:18a: περιτετμημένος τις ἐκλήθη, μὴ ἐπισπάσθω· Was anyone at the time of his call already circumcised? Let him not seek to remove the marks of circumcision. (ESV) It's not hard to find ...
8
votes
2answers
494 views

What is the usage in Psalm 23 of “through” the valley of the shadow of death?

I heard a preacher talk about Psalm 23:4: Even though I walk through the darkest valley, I will fear no evil, for you are with me; your rod and your staff, they comfort me. ...
0
votes
3answers
836 views

Did the baby “leap” in Elizabeth's womb when Mary greeted Elizabeth because of “the fruit of the Spirit.”

In Luke chapter 1 (niv) we read about the foretold birth of Jesus,and the foretold birth of Elizabeth's son John. When Mary went to visit her relative Elizabeth, and greeted her, it is written that ...
10
votes
1answer
875 views

Can “pharmakous” mean something other than “sorceror”?

The Hebrew word כַשֵּׁף is typically translated "sorcery" in Hebrew-to-English translations. Paro had court sorcerors replicate some of God's miracles and Nebuchanezer asks his sorcerors to interpret ...
-2
votes
1answer
46 views

Numbers 21:8 - real fiery serpent or manufactured?

Numbers 21:8 And the LORD said unto Moses: 'Make thee a fiery serpent, and set it upon a pole; and it shall come to pass, that every one that is bitten, when he seeth it, shall live.' ח ...
10
votes
1answer
180 views

What signs does Q show of stages of composition?

Regarding the Jesus Seminar, N.T. Wright writes in Jesus and the Victory of God: Great reliance has been placed on the work of John Kloppenborg, who has painstakingly analysed the Q material into ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

What is an “anachronism” in Biblical Hermeneutics?

I have run across several definitions as it relates to "anachronism" in Biblical Hermeneutics and I am confused: An anachronism in word studies takes place when we read a definition of a word ...
6
votes
1answer
298 views

Influence of Rudolf Bultmann's work on the Synoptic Gospels

What approach did Rudolf Bultmann take when interpreting the Synoptic Gospels? What impact has his approach had on current scholarly views on the Synoptics?
1
vote
0answers
60 views

Why is the Greek word Θεὸς in John 1:1c treated as a proper noun in English Translation? [duplicate]

Why is the Greek word Θεὸς in John 1:1c treated as a proper noun in English Translation? John 1:1 New International Version In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word ...
17
votes
6answers
10k views

Why is the genealogy in Luke attributed to Mary?

When He began His ministry, Jesus Himself was about thirty years of age, being, as was supposed, the son of Joseph, the son of Eli, the son of... - Luke 3:23 (NASB) There seems to be a widely ...
2
votes
0answers
80 views

Why did Joab side with Adonijah and not Solomon?

Joab was a loyal captain of King David. However he conspired with Adonijah. (1 Kings 2:28). Was there bitterness in his heart toward David because of the recent killing of Absalom? Or did Joab think ...
7
votes
7answers
44k views

Why does God say he only revealed his name, Yahweh, to Moses?

Responding the the meta call for contradiction In Exodus 6:2 we find the following quote: And God spoke to Moses and said to him I am Yahweh. And I showed to Abraham, to Isaac, and to ...
7
votes
1answer
854 views

Not singing the songs of Zion/Yahweh's song in Psalm 137

The first colophon (or first two colophons, perhaps) of Psalm 137 reads, 1 By the waters of Babylon, there we sat down and wept, when we remembered Zion. 2 On the willows there we hung up ...
6
votes
3answers
531 views

How is the New World Translation's usage of “Jehovah” controversial?

The New World Translation transliterates the Tetragrammaton as “Jehovah”. Why does this translation choose to transliterate the Tetragrammaton this way? How was the choice made to use the ...
3
votes
4answers
427 views

How can the translation of δοξης as “glory” in Romans 3:23 be justified?

According to Liddell and Scott’s Intermediate Greek Lexicon (also called Middle Liddell) the word δόξα or δοξης can mean: expectation, an opinion, judgment, the opinion which others have of one, ...
3
votes
2answers
231 views

Isaiah 7:15: to whom does this verse refer?

According to Matthew 1:23, Isaiah 7:14 is a reference to the Lord Jesus Christ. However, Isaiah 7:15 (NET) reads: He will eat sour milk and honey, which will help him know how to reject evil and ...
12
votes
4answers
1k views

Did King Ahaz find a virgin mother?

In Isaiah 7, King Ahaz, the Judean king, is surrounded by the armies of Aram and Israel and things look bleak. At Isaiah 7:13-17, the prophet tells Ahaz that God will give him a sign that the seige ...
9
votes
3answers
5k views

How would Elisha plowing with 12 oxen have been understood at the time of writing?

In 1 Kings 19 we see Elijah finds Elisha plowing with 12 yoke of oxen. What would this have said about Elisha to the people of the time? Note: I'm not looking for a modern allegorical answer about ...
3
votes
3answers
113 views

Why do brothers take care of women in the Old Testament?

In the Old Testament, there are several instances where when it comes to taking care of a young woman, usually with regard to who she will marry, it is the brothers of the girl that make an effort to ...
6
votes
2answers
292 views

What is the meaning of “Rest” in Heb. 4:3-5?

εἰσερχόμεθα γὰρ εἰς τὴν κατάπαυσιν οἱ πιστεύσαντες καθὼς εἴρηκεν Ὡς ὤμοσα ἐν τῇ ὀργῇ μου Εἰ εἰσελεύσονται εἰς τὴν κατάπαυσίν μου καίτοι τῶν ἔργων ἀπὸ καταβολῆς κόσμου γενηθέντων(Heb. 4:3 TR) ...
9
votes
4answers
250 views

How convincing were the proofs of the resurrection in Acts 1:3?

In studying Acts this week in Turkish, I noticed that there is considerable difference in between translations of Acts 1:3. A quick look through English translations shows a similar range of ...
4
votes
3answers
249 views

What did Hosea mean when he said, “ the children of Israel will be without an image? ”

I was reading an answer to a question which was recently asked and there is a reference to the book of Hosea (KJV) and the text reads, Hosea 3:4 King James Version 4 For the children of Israel ...
4
votes
0answers
73 views

Who’s doing the calling in Isaiah 7:14?

Isaiah 7:14b reads: הִנֵּ֣ה הָעַלְמָ֗ה הָרָה֙ וְיֹלֶ֣דֶת בֵּ֔ן וְקָרָ֥את שְׁמֹ֖ו עִמָּ֥נוּ אֵֽל׃ This is often translated similarly to the ESV: Behold, the virgin shall conceive and bear a ...
2
votes
3answers
625 views

Why did God Take Zachariah's Voice?

In Luke 1, Gabriel tells the aged priest Zachariah that he’s going to have a son. But Zachariah wants proof. 18 Zechariah asked the angel, “How can I be sure of this? I am an old man and my ...
6
votes
3answers
263 views

Does 1 Samuel 15 disprove the “Ancient Near East Warfare Rhetoric” theory?

In the book “Is God a Moral Monster?" (this website too has some of its theories), the author talked about the exaggeration used in ancient Near Eastern writings as a way to explain why Joshua didn't ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Why does Jesus include “persecutions” in the list of things received by his followers?

Shortly after Jesus' interaction with the rich young man: Peter began to say to him, “See, we have left everything and followed you.” Jesus said, “Truly, I say to you, there is no one who has left ...
3
votes
1answer
33 views

Num. 15:36 in light of Deu. 31:28 & 31:30 - “All the congregation of Israel”

In Deu. 31:28, it is written, Gather unto me all the elders of your tribes, and your officers, that I may speak these words in their ears, and call heaven and earth to record against them. (KJV) ...
8
votes
1answer
305 views

Which of Paul's letters does Peter refer to in 2 Peter 3:15?

Which letter or letters of Paul is Peter referring to when he says "just as our beloved brother Paul also wrote to you" in verse 15 of 2 Peter 3? 15And count the patience of our Lord as salvation, ...
-1
votes
0answers
218 views

Is it possible that the “name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit” is “Jesus”? [duplicate]

Matthew 28:19 (KJV) Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost. Name is singular. Does it mean that Father, Son, Holy ...
5
votes
1answer
152 views

Shema and Psalms 110: Is Mark making a case for Jesus' divinity?

Did Mark intend his audience to make a connection between Jesus' full quotation of the Shema in Mark 12:29 ("here Oh Israel, the Lord our God is one Lord...") and Jesus' raising the issue of two Lords ...
4
votes
1answer
152 views

Were Jesus' disciples gleaning?

In an incident recorded in all three synoptic gospels (Matt 12:1, Mark 2:23, Luke 6:1), Jesus and his disciples walk through grain fields on the Sabbath and raise the ire of the Pharisees by plucking ...
7
votes
4answers
512 views

Why did God accept Abel's offering but reject Cain's?

Gen 4:3-7 details the account of Cain and Abel's offerings to God. Why did God accept Abel's Sacrifice but not Cain's? I have come up with the following possibilities but not sure which is right. ...
6
votes
4answers
3k views

What's going on with Saul and the prophets?

After Samuel anointed Saul, he sent him home with a few signs that will be fulfilled in 1st Samuel 10:9-13 (NJPS): As [Saul] turned around to leave Samuel, God gave him another heart; and all ...
1
vote
0answers
62 views

Which Documentary Hypothesis sources does Jesus quote from? [closed]

Jesus quoted fairly often from the OT (and especially from the Pentateuch). A good number of quotes are probably chronology-agnostic (e.g. "Love your neighbor as yourself" from Leviticus 19:18 in the ...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

Jerome's translation of κοινωνία in the Vulgate of 1 Cor. 10:16

In the Vulgate of 1 Cor. 10:16, it is written, calicem benedictionis cui benedicimus nonne communicatio sanguinis Christi est et panis quem frangimus nonne participatio corporis Domini est Why ...
4
votes
2answers
133 views

Translation of “change” in Malachi 3:6

In Malachi 3:6, the word שָׁנִ֑יתִי (translated change) is used ("For I, the Lord, do not change; therefore you, O sons of Jacob, are not consumed.") This appears to me to be in the perfect tense ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

How can John 3:13-14 be reconciled with what happened to Enoch, Elijah and Jesus?

While at least two people didn't die, Jesus spoke of only the Son of man ascending into heaven. Jesus next said the Son of man would need to be lifted up. John 3:13-14 (KJV) (Jesus said) “And ...
5
votes
1answer
77 views

Why is the word ἐβαπτίσθη used in Luke 11:38?

When referring to washing up before eating in Luke 11:38 (actually referring to not washing), the greek word used is ἐβαπτίσθη (ebaptisthē: he washed). Yet, in Mark 7:3, which is also referring to ...
8
votes
2answers
4k views

Per 1 Cor 10:8, when did God kill 23,000 for sexual immorality?

I was going through 1 Corinthians 10, doing my best to not fixate on verse 13 until i knew the context :) when I read this: 8 We should not commit sexual immorality, as some of them did—and in ...
2
votes
0answers
32 views

Word order in John 1:1 [duplicate]

John 1:1 reads: In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. (John 1:1, ESV) The greek reads as follows (as best I can tell; not sure if this is NA or ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

How is Deut. 2:29 reconciled with Num. 20:18-21?

After the Exodus, and prior to the conquest of Sihon and Og, Israel attempted to pass through Edom. (The Edomites were the descendents of Esau.) Numbers 20:18-21 records Edom's response as follows: ...
4
votes
1answer
379 views

Why is “bloods,” translated as “blood,” in Genesis 4:10?

When trying to understand the meaning of "the cry of Abel's blood," as recorded in Genesis 4:10,I found this interesting article which reads, In our lesson, taken from here , we look into an ...
4
votes
1answer
521 views

What is the meaning of the “gathered to his people” idiom?

In the Old Testament, when someone dies, he is sometimes said to be "gathered to his people" or a close variant: Genesis 15:15 As for you [Abraham], you shall go to your fathers in peace; you will ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

Why are the three accounts of Paul's conversion on the road to Damascus different

Paul himself makes no mention of a conversion on the road to Damascus, whereas Acts of the Apostles has not one, but three accounts: At Acts 9:3-8, Paul was blinded by a light and fell down, then ...
5
votes
1answer
168 views

What does the superscript “-N” mean when added to the abbreviation LXX?

I've just read "LXX-N" in a commentary and I'm wondering what it means. I know LXX is Septuagint and usually the letters afterwards refer to a particular codex or manuscript, however there is no codex ...
6
votes
3answers
436 views

In John 21:7, is Peter naked, and does he put on a coat before diving into the water?

John 21:7 reads SBL GNT λέγει οὖν ὁ μαθητὴς ἐκεῖνος ὃν ἠγάπα ὁ Ἰησοῦς τῷ Πέτρῳ· Ὁ κύριός ἐστιν. Σίμων οὖν Πέτρος, ἀκούσας ὅτι ὁ κύριός ἐστιν, τὸν ἐπενδύτην διεζώσατο, ἦν γὰρ γυμνός, καὶ ...

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