2
votes
3answers
594 views

Accurate translations of original scripts/text

I've been on what is becoming quite the mission to find the most accurate translation of Daniel 9:23-27 (or the (Tenach/OT) bible in general) of the most original scripts/text available. It seems like ...
1
vote
1answer
288 views

How often does the Bible use “God of Jacob” versus “God of Israel”? [closed]

The Bible uses both "God of ...Jacob" and "God of Israel". How often does it say each version? Is there a place I can look up the actual references?
4
votes
1answer
137 views

Romans 8:11 - present or future?

Romans 8:11 appears in the following context: 9 However, you are not in the flesh but in the Spirit, if indeed the Spirit of God dwells in you. But if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, he ...
5
votes
2answers
227 views

Why is “raah” usually translated differently in Amos 3:6 and 9:4

Why is "raah" usually translated differently in Amos 3:6 and 9:4, even in a super-literal translation: 6Is a trumpet blown in a city, And do people not tremble? Is there affliction in a city, And ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

What does “guardian/tutor” mean in Galatians 3:24

Galatians 3:24 reads in the ESV (and several modern translations) So then, the law was our guardian until Christ came, in order that we might be justified by faith.ESV In the KJV it reads: ...
6
votes
1answer
84 views

Who are the πρεσβυτέροις in 1 Peter 5:1-5?

ΠΕΤΡΟΥ Α΄ 5:5 (SBLGNT) ὁμοίως, νεώτεροι, ὑποτάγητε πρεσβυτέροις. πάντες δὲ ἀλλήλοις τὴν ταπεινοφροσύνην ἐγκομβώσασθε, ὅτι Ὁ θεὸς ὑπερηφάνοις ἀντιτάσσεται ταπεινοῖς δὲ δίδωσιν χάριν. 1 ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

How did the Greek “charis” come to imply “favor?”

Luke 2:52 (ESV) states that "Jesus increased in wisdom and in stature and in favor with God and man." The word "favor" in this passage is translated from the Greek word "charis" (Strong's G5485), ...
11
votes
1answer
272 views

What word best captures the spirit of לִּילִית in Isaiah 34:14?

Isaiah 34:14 in the Masoretic Text is the following: גְשׁוּ צִיִּים אֶת-אִיִּים, וְשָׂעִיר עַל-רֵעֵהוּ יִקְרָא; אַךְ-שָׁם הִרְגִּיעָה לִּילִית, וּמָצְאָה לָהּ מָנוֹח Here, לִּילִית is supposedly ...
3
votes
4answers
153 views

How should ἐκκλησίαις be translated in 1 Corinthians 14:34?

Though it has a couple different meanings, most often ἐκκλησία is translated as "church" in the NT. I'm wondering, though, whether its use in 1 Corinthians 14:34 might be distinguished from its use in ...
4
votes
1answer
95 views

How should the prepositions in Romans 11:36 be translated?

Romans 11:36 has four propositions that provide a neat parallel structure: ὅτι ἐξ αὐτοῦ καὶ δι’ αὐτοῦ καὶ εἰς αὐτὸν τὰ πάντα· αὐτῷ ἡ δόξα εἰς τοὺς αἰῶνας, ἀμήν. The ESV translation is fairly ...
7
votes
3answers
360 views

What are the Pharisees saying to search in John 7:52?

The Pharisees say to Nicodemus in John 7:52: ἐραύνησον καὶ ἴδε ὅτι ἐκ τῆς Γαλιλαίας προφήτης οὐκ ἐγείρεται Or Search and see that a prophet has not arisen from Galilee Is there any way to ...
4
votes
2answers
403 views

Parallelism in the Beatitudes

3 Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. 4 Blessed are those who mourn, for they will be comforted. 5 Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit ...
3
votes
1answer
98 views

What is the significance of the phrase πιστὸς ὁ λόγος (“the faithful saying”) in Pauline epistles?

I was browsing the first epistle of Timotheos, and I noticed that the apostle Paulos sometimes preceded a statement by the Greek phrase πιστὸς ὁ λόγος (cp. 1 Tim. 1:15), which may be translated as ...
4
votes
1answer
55 views

Was Mark A Scribe?

Given that the ability to write was an unusual skill in the time of the composition of the Gospels, would Mark have been likely to have been a scribe? I mean if the tradition of Peter dictating to ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Punishment in Exodus 20.5? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Who are the “third and fourth generation” in Exodus 20:5? “You shall not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven ...
0
votes
1answer
111 views

When a new translation of the Bible is created

When a new translation of the Bible is created or revised (such as NIV) do they go back to the original text and re-translate? Or do they change an existing version? I realize that this may have ...
1
vote
0answers
102 views

What is the actual word used in “Thou shall not kill?” [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Is “kill” a valid translation for Exodus 20:13 (Thou shalt not kill)? What word is used in the original Ten Commandments for "kill"? What modern equivalent ...
2
votes
1answer
69 views

Judgment like light(ning) in Hosea 6:5

ESV, NIV and NLT each have a rather distinctive translation of the last phrase of Hosea 6:5: Therefore I have hewn them by the prophets; I have slain them by the words of my mouth, and my judgment ...
1
vote
3answers
245 views

Is Hosea 4:11 teaching total abstinence from alcohol?

In Hosea 4:11 (ESV), God seems to condemn drinking wine: They shall eat, but not be satisfied; they shall play the whore, but not multiply, because they have forsaken the Lord to cherish ...
2
votes
1answer
242 views

Is Hosea 6:1-3 a quotation?

Many translations wrap Hosea 6:1-3 in quotation marks. For instance, in the NJPS: “Come, let us turn back to the Lord: He attacked, and He can heal us; He wounded, and He can bind us up. In ...
3
votes
1answer
321 views

What does “in the midst of the years” mean in Habakkuk 3:2?

The phrase "in the midst of the years" occurs in some more literal translations of Habakkuk 3:2: Yahweh, I have heard the report of you, and your work, Yahweh, do I fear. In the midst of the years ...
3
votes
1answer
133 views

How should the phrase ἐλέγξει τὸν κόσμον περὶ in John 16:8 be translated?

The 1984 NIV of John 16:7b-11 reads (emphasis mine): Unless I go away, the Counselor will not come to you; but if I go, I will send him to you. When he comes, he will convict the world of ...
6
votes
1answer
128 views

Is translation a subset of exegesis?

This site is in an odd position. Questions about the site are also questions that are valid for the site. This is another such question. It seems that there has been discussion on chat multiple ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

How Is the Date of Composition of the Gospels Estimated?

So considering that the oldest copies of the gospels are dated to around 400 AD (I'm thinking of the Codex Sinaiticus), how do scholars go about estimating the date of composition of the gospels? I ...
5
votes
1answer
309 views

What do we learn from the different usages of “aman” and “batach” in the OT?

aman (Strong's H539) and batach (Strong's H982) are both used in the OT to imply some level of trust in God. And he believed (aman:H539) in the LORD; and he counted it to him for righteousness. ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the meaning of Jesus' teaching about unclean spirits returning to a person after being driven out?

In responding to allegations that he drives out demons by the power of Beelzebul, Jesus says, among other things: When the unclean spirit has gone out of a person, it wanders through waterless ...
6
votes
2answers
220 views

What are the strict set of rules followed by sensus plenior?

I realize there are similar questions posted but not seeking an exact explanation where it can be shown rationally that three or more independent people, not talking to each other, can come out with ...
8
votes
2answers
165 views

Whose meaning are we trying to find?

If hermeneutics is the study of the meaning of a text, whose meaning are we trying to find when we study the Bible? How does Scripture being inspired by God but penned by men affect our ability to ...
3
votes
1answer
135 views

How does a less Messianic reading of Song of Solomon interpret 5:16 “He is altogether lovely”?

Song of Solomon is a book with some seriously divergent interpretations. I have just started reading a pamphlet by John Flavel called Christ Altogether Lovely on this verse: His mouth is sweetness ...
0
votes
2answers
291 views

Reading the Bible via verse and chapter and not getting the intended meaning? [closed]

I have noticed a very discouraging and confusing trend when reading the Bible verse for verse, chapter for chapter—more like a book. I completely understand that we must consider context, time, ...
7
votes
3answers
424 views

Does Theophilus of Antioch's statement have any bearing on interpreting Mathew 5:28?

I found a quote on this site which calls into question the accuracy of Matthew 5:28 in the KJV according to a quotation of Theophilus of Antioch: "ἡ δὲ εὐαγγέλιος φωνὴ ἐπιτατικώτερον διδάσκει ...
5
votes
1answer
123 views

What distinguishes an excellent concordance?

A concordance can be extremely helpful in the study of a text as well as its language. Excellent understanding of the language (aided by a concordance) will help in understanding a religious text, or ...
3
votes
2answers
471 views

Where can I find Greek and Hebrew plain text sources? [closed]

Source texts are available with software There are numerous Biblical source texts available (free, in "public domain") for download into Bible software type programs. Where else are they available? ...
6
votes
1answer
260 views

Does the NLT translate Luke 9:7 accurately?

In Luke 9:1-6, Jesus sends the 12 apostles out to tell the Good News and to do miracles, specifically healing the sick. In Luke 9:10, the apostles come back and tell Jesus about what they had done. In ...
6
votes
3answers
233 views

Upon whom do we call? Reconciling OT & NT

This question was spurred on by my interaction with another related question on BHSE It appears as though two different names being called upon for Salvation; yet, there is only one whereby we may ...
3
votes
1answer
154 views

Why is the Greek word ἀγάπη often translated as “charity” in the New Testament?

Why is the Greek word ἀγάπη often translated as "charity" in the New Testament? Has the meaning of "charity" changed over time?
6
votes
2answers
1k views

What are the earliest dated Syriac manuscripts of the Bible?

What is the dating of the earliest Syriac manuscript of the Hebrew Tanakh (Old Testament)? What is the dating of the earliest Syriac manuscript of the New Testament? Who is in current possession of ...
3
votes
2answers
380 views

Genesis 23 — Why does the Bible change the spelling of Ephron's name?

In Genesis 23, we learn that Sarah has died and Abraham is looking to acquire a grave for her. He approaches the children of Heth and meets Ephron the Hittite who, initially, offers his land (which ...
6
votes
1answer
220 views

What are the earliest dated Latin manuscripts of the Bible?

What is the dating of the earliest Latin manuscript of the Hebrew Tanakh (Old Testament)? What is the dating of the earliest Latin manuscript of the New Testament? Who is in current possession of ...
3
votes
2answers
449 views

Who was Moses supposed to say sent him, “Ehieh” or “Yahweh”

Continuing the response to the meta call for contradiction. In Exodus 4:13-14, Moses is talking to God: And Moses said to God, "Here I come to the sons of Israel, and I told them, the God of your ...
7
votes
2answers
417 views

Locations of the graves of the Patriarchs

The Book of Acts at 7:16-17 states that Jacob died and was "carried back to Shechem and laid in the tomb that Abraham had bought for a sum of silver from the sons of Hamor in Shechem." But Genesis ...
4
votes
1answer
196 views

Did 70 or 75 Hebrews go down to Egypt with Jacob?

Acts 7:14 states that "Joseph sent word and invited Jacob his father and all his relatives to come to him, seventy-five persons in all." This seems to contradict Deut. 10:22, Ex. 1:5; and Gen. 46:27 ...
2
votes
5answers
835 views

What is the referent of “body of Christ” in 1 Corinthians 11:29?

In 1 Corinthians 11:29 Paul warns about judgment on those who eat and drink without discerning the body of Christ: So then, whoever eats the bread or drinks the cup of the Lord in an unworthy ...
9
votes
5answers
964 views

Is Ecclesiastes a book of negative wisdom?

When I was younger, I thought that because Ecclesiastes was so dour, it was a sort of negative wisdom—something like, "This is how crazy you get when you don't follow God." However, this ...
2
votes
1answer
816 views

What does “break bread” mean in Acts 20:7 and 11?

These are the verses: 7 On the first day of the week we came together to break bread. Paul spoke to the people and, because he intended to leave the next day, kept on talking until midnight. 8 ...
2
votes
2answers
75 views

Who was taken captive in Numbers 21:1?

And the Canaanite, the king of Arad, who dwelt in the South, heard tell that Israel came by the way of Atharim; and he fought against Israel, and took some of them captive.—Numbers 21:1 (JPS) ...
9
votes
2answers
2k views

Is there any significance behind Jesus' use of the word “love” in “John 21:15-17”

In John 21:15-17 (ESV), we read: 15 When they had finished breakfast, Jesus said to Simon Peter, “Simon, son of John, do you love me more than these?” He said to him, “Yes, Lord; you know that ...
-3
votes
2answers
257 views

Did women contribute to the temple in exodus 35:22?

Finishing the response to the meta call for contradiction, here is the last contradiction/inconsistency I found in Genesis/Exodus/Leviticus. In Exodus 35:22 we find the following passage. And the ...
-1
votes
2answers
412 views

Why is a singular verb used to describe both Moses and Aaron?

Continuing the response to the meta call for contradiction. The following contradiction is invisible in English. It appears in the Hebrew of Exodus 4:29. וַיֵּלֶךְ מֹשֶׁה, וְאַהֲרֹן; ...
5
votes
3answers
615 views

Did Pharoah have free will?

Pharoah starts by hardening his own heart, but then God hardens it (here is the list of verses). Did God remove Pharoah's free will?

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