10
votes
3answers
814 views

How can we understand 1 Corinthians 12 without contradiction

To my reading, 1 Corinthians 12:4-30 could be summed up as: "Be content with the gifts/role God has given you because in his sight all the functions of the body of Christ are of equal importance". ...
3
votes
2answers
239 views

Does John 21:20-24 indicate that the original author of the Fourth Gospel was dead?

Early tradition says that the author lived on for some time after the composition, while many post-eighteenth century critical scholars seem to take for granted that the author (if it even is the ...
4
votes
2answers
136 views

Details on “Western Unical D”?

The story of the woman caught in adultery in John 7:53-8:11 is generally regarded as inauthentic and uninspired. D. A. Carson says the following in his commentary on this passage (p.333): These ...
8
votes
3answers
306 views

Did Paul expect Timothy to see “the last days”?

In 2 Timothy, Paul warns Timothy as follows: 2 Timothy 3:1-5 (ESV) 3 But understand this, that in the last days there will come times of difficulty. 2  For people will be lovers of ...
5
votes
1answer
294 views

Why did John write in this seemingly time-bending way?

John 11:1-2 (NLT) 11 A man named Lazarus was sick. He lived in Bethany with his sisters, Mary and Martha. 2 This is the Mary who later poured the expensive perfume on the Lord’s feet ...
4
votes
3answers
149 views

Why does Numbers 29:39 (LXX) refer to “your salvation” instead of “peace offerings”?

LXX reads: 39 ταῦτα ποιήσετε κυρίῳ ἐν ταῖς ἑορταῖς ὑμῶν πλὴν τῶν εὐχῶν ὑμῶν καὶ τὰ ἑκούσια ὑμῶν καὶ τὰ ὁλοκαυτώματα ὑμῶν καὶ τὰς θυσίας ὑμῶν καὶ τὰς σπονδὰς ὑμῶν καὶ τὰ σωτήρια ὑμῶν ESV says: 39 ...
3
votes
1answer
855 views

In John 18, who was high priest at the time of Jesus' arrest?

First the text in John 18 (NIV) seems to make clear that Caiaphas was high priest: 18:13 They bound him and brought him first to Annas, who was the father-in-law of Caiaphas, the high priest that ...
5
votes
1answer
457 views

How many days elapsed between Jesus's baptism and his return to Galilee?

Matthew, Mark and Luke tell us that a period of at least forty days separated Jesus's baptism from his return to Galilee. Mark (1:9-15) writes, 9 At that time Jesus came from Nazareth in Galilee ...
8
votes
1answer
7k views

What is “verbal plenary inspiration” and to what texts does it apply?

What is the "verbal plenary" view of the inspiration of Scripture and to what texts is it considered to apply? What hermeneutical approaches hold this view and how does it affect the way they ...
4
votes
1answer
886 views

For Whom has the Right and Left hand of Jesus been prepared?

Mark records the following, 10:35 Then James and John, the sons of Zebedee, came to him. “Teacher,” they said, “we want you to do for us whatever we ask.” 36 “What do you want me to do for ...
2
votes
1answer
95 views

Did Pilate know three languages?

John 19:20-22: This title then read many of the Jews: for the place where Jesus was crucified was nigh to the city: and it was written in Hebrew, [and] Greek, [and] Latin. Then said the chief ...
8
votes
1answer
156 views

Was 1 John an unfinished letter?

When I read 1 John, it seems to me that it was written in a hurry, with parenthetical thoughts not fully fleshed. (Specifically, the "sin that leads to death" reference, that I ask about in a ...
7
votes
3answers
473 views

What is the meaning of “day and hour unknown”?

Matthew 25:13 (NKJV) “Watch therefore, for you know neither the day nor the hour in which the Son of Man is coming. This verse mentions only the day and the hour as unknown. Does this mean ...
4
votes
1answer
189 views

Were all the cananites slaughtered or not?

It seems pretty clear in some of the texts that when Land of Canaan was conquered, there were no one left alive, all were killed: Joshua defeated the whole land, including the hill country, the ...
5
votes
1answer
101 views

Do modern interpreters use the methods of Talmudical hermeneutics?

Do Christian or Muslim theologians use the same rules as Rabbinate teachers do, when they interpret their respective holy scriptures? I'm particularly interested in the '13-methods to infer from holy ...
5
votes
3answers
5k views

Admah and Zeboiim in Hosea 11:8

In one of the most beautiful passages of a beautiful book, God says: How can I give you up, O Ephraim? How can I hand you over, O Israel? How can I make you like Admah? How can I treat you ...
13
votes
3answers
2k views

Are Andronicus and Junia(s) apostles?

Two of our most literal English translations render Romans 16:7 in remarkably different ways: NASB: Greet Andronicus and Junias, my kinsmen and my fellow prisoners, who are outstanding among the ...
7
votes
3answers
242 views

Brothers *and sisters* in modern translations

In the New Century Version, passages in the New Testament that were addressed to "brothers" are now "brothers and sisters". For example: "Brothers and sisters, in the Scriptures the Holy Spirit ...
5
votes
1answer
948 views

What does “run to and fro” in Daniel 12:4 mean?

Daniel 12:4 says "But thou, O Daniel, shut up the words, and seal the book, even to the time of the end: many shall run to and fro, and knowledge shall be increased." (KJV) Now, what does the phrase ...
7
votes
2answers
345 views

Worms or Anguish in Mark 9:48? (Is “worms” a bad translation?)

In talking about Hell, the passage of Mark 9:48 came up. Someone made a comment to me that "worms" in Mark 9:48 can also be translated as "anguish". Mark 9:48 (NIV) where ‘the worms that eat ...
3
votes
4answers
123 views

Why is δεδικαίωται translated “freed” in many English versions?

Romans 6:7 invariably discusses a believer's freedom from sin in most English translations: NET © (For someone who has died has been freed from sin.) NIV © because anyone who has died has ...
3
votes
2answers
433 views

Why does everyone in John misunderstand Jesus?

Jesus seems to be misunderstood pretty consistently throughout the Gospel According to John: John 2:19-20 Jesus answered them, “Destroy this temple, and I will raise it again in three days.” ...
7
votes
1answer
413 views

Why does Mark provide two feeding accounts?

The Gospel According to Mark, in contrast to the other three gospels, provides two separate feeding miracles wherein Jesus multiplies loaves and fishes to feed five thousand and four thousand ...
4
votes
1answer
282 views

What has changed in Biblical scholarship since the Jerusalem Bible (1966) was published?

I have been reading through the Jerusalem Bible, published by the Roman Catholic Church, and have found a lot of pleasure in the copious footnotes and the surprisingly readable text. Obviously the ...
-2
votes
2answers
260 views

Who is an authority on what can be called a “Bible”? [closed]

(I'm not entirely sure whether this question is in scope of this SE, but this appears to be the SE closest to the issue) In Poland, there is a region called Silesia, which is inhabited by people ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Why didn't the Septuagint translate 'ahabah to eros?

Song of Songs 2:7 in English (NPJS) reads: I adjure you, O maidens of Jerusalem, By gazelles or by hinds of the field: Do not wake or rouse Love until it please! As the NET Bible points ...
6
votes
1answer
294 views

How should Galatians 5:10 be translated?

Galatians 5:10 seems to have fairly separate meanings in modern translations The NIV says that Paul is "confident in the Lord" that the Galatians will stay away from false teachings. I understand ...
5
votes
0answers
968 views

Accuracy of Alfred Edersheim's “Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah” [closed]

Edersheim's book The Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah has been called "one of the best known and most important references on the life of Christ ever written." However, a lot has changed in the ...
6
votes
2answers
226 views

Who were the “poor among the saints” in Jerusalem?

Near the end of Romans there are details about financial relationships between churches. It's never really occurred to me to read it as anything but the face value in English: Romans 15:25-26 ...
8
votes
1answer
224 views

1 Pet 3:3 (NASB) “Your adornment must not be *merely* external”

1 Pet 3:3 Net Bible Let your beauty not be external – the braiding of hair and wearing of gold jewelry or fine clothes NIV Your beauty should not come from outward adornment, such as elaborate ...
5
votes
1answer
167 views

How old were the youths mauled by bears?

In 2 Kings 2:23, a group of boys jeers Elisha. Various English translations render this "young boys", "young lads", "boys", "small boys". What kind of range does the Hebrew word behind this group of ...
5
votes
1answer
69 views

Is John 16:31 meant to be a question?

In the 1984 NIV, Jesus replies to his disciples in John 16:31 saying, "You believe at last!" However, there is also a footnote on the verse, "Or Do you now believe?" In the 2011 NIV, however, the ...
8
votes
5answers
9k views

What does 'Salt of the Earth' mean?

"You are the salt of the earth. But what good is salt if it has lost its flavor? Can you make it salty again? It will be thrown out and trampled underfoot as worthless." - Matthew 5:13 (NLT) ...
7
votes
1answer
339 views

To whom should we attribute John 3:16?

Who is speaking in John 3:16? Jesus or John? John 3 begins with Jesus speaking in the first person but in v. 13 there's a shift to the third person which continues until a change of scene at 3:22. ...
6
votes
2answers
977 views

Is Revelation 3:14 saying that Christ was created by God?

Revelation 3:14 (KJV) 14 And unto the angel of the church of the Laodiceans write; These things saith the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the beginning of the creation of God; Most ...
8
votes
2answers
321 views

Why does the Peshitta use the word ‘baptism’ for ‘enlightened’ in Hebrews 6:4?

In Hebrews it talks about certain apostates that can’t be renewed to repentance because they have undergone certain things, which they have then rejected, signifying something terribly wrong and ...
1
vote
3answers
426 views

What is the difference in meaning between Χριστός Ἰησοῦς and Ἰησοῦς Χριστός?

In the New Testament, sometimes the authors use Χριστός Ἰησοῦς ("Christ Jesus"), where Χριστός precedes Ἰησοῦς, yet other times they use Ἰησοῦς Χριστός ("Jesus Christ"). What is the difference in ...
5
votes
2answers
18k views

What is the significance of the floating ax head in 2 Kings 6:1-7?

Now the company of prophets said to Elisha, "As you see, the place where we live under your charge is too small for us. Let us go to the Jordan, and let us collect logs there, one for each of us, ...
6
votes
2answers
551 views

When the Kingdom of Israel split, what happened to Benjamin?

All my life I've been told that the tribe of Benjamin remained with the faithful tribe of Judah. And I've read the passage in 1 Kings 11:29-35 where the kingdom is split in two many times before, but ...
5
votes
2answers
298 views

“Believing wife” or “sister” in 1 Corinthians 9:5?

In 1 Corinthians 9:5, there is a referrence of women serving the apostles. In most translations, they are called wives: Don’t we have the right to take a believing wife along with us, as do the ...
4
votes
3answers
577 views

Significance of the “Son of Man” appellation in Ezekiel

Ezekiel is the only prophet regularly referred to by God as "son of man" (ben adam). This is particularly interested to Christians since Jesus took the title "Son of Man" upon himself (ὁ υἱός τοῦ ...
5
votes
1answer
75 views

What is a “reinked” manuscript?

So, I'm checking a variant in the CNTTS critical apparatus and look up some info on a couple manuscripts that support a reading. According to CNTTS the manuscript is "a reinked manuscript of the ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

Signficance of name change from Saul to Paul

Acts 13:9 appears to record the moment Saul's name changes to Paul: Then Saul, who was also called Paul, filled with the Holy Spirit, looked straight at Elymas and said... (Prior to this time, ...
6
votes
9answers
7k views

What does it mean that the least in the kingdom of heaven is greater than John the Baptist?

Matthew 11:11 (KJV): Verily I say unto you, Among them that are born of women there hath not risen a greater than John the Baptist: notwithstanding he that is least in the kingdom of heaven is ...
4
votes
1answer
161 views

Galatians 4:13: What was Paul's “infirmity of the flesh”?

Galatians 4:13 A.V. Ye know how through infirmity of the flesh I preached the gospel unto you at the first.
2
votes
1answer
126 views

Who or what are the “no gods” in Galatians 4:8?

The Apostle Paul wrote to the Galatians concerning their former lifestyle. In this regard, he mentions the following. Galatians 4:8-9 (NASB) 8 However at that time, when you did not know God, ...
2
votes
1answer
172 views

Does 2 Samuel 22:27 mean that God can be unrighteous?

With the pure thou wilt shew thyself pure ; and with the froward thou wilt shew thyself unsavoury (2 Samuel 22:27) and All the words of my mouth [are] in righteousness; [there is] nothing ...
6
votes
1answer
181 views

What language(s) would the Jewish Christians in the various Macedonian cities have spoken?

In Acts 16-18, Paul is shown moving from city to city in Macedonia - e.g. Phillipi, Thessalonica, Berea, Corinth - many of to whom he would later write letters. Acts 17:2 explains that it was his ...
8
votes
3answers
5k views

What does “because of the angels” refer to in 1 Cor 11:10?

In 1 Cor 11:10, Paul writes regarding head coverings and headship: That is why a wife ought to have a symbol of authority on her head, because of the angels. (ESV) I don't mean to get too deeply ...
2
votes
2answers
585 views

Is the water jar in John 4:28 a symbol?

At the end of Jesus' conversation with the woman by the well, John records 28 So the woman left her water jar and went away into town and said to the people, 29 “Come, see a man who told me all ...

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