11
votes
7answers
747 views

What is meant in 1 Peter 3:21 when it says “baptism now saves you”

In 1 Pet 3:21 it says (NASB, emphasis added): Corresponding to that, baptism now saves you—not the removal of dirt from the flesh, but an appeal to God for a good conscience—through the ...
2
votes
1answer
101 views

Did the author intend to write Asa or Asaph in Matthew 1:7-8?

Both the King James and the NIV (following the received text and the Chronicler) name Asa as the father of Jehoshaphat in Matthew 1:8. The ESV, however, follows the older manuscripts and names him as ...
6
votes
1answer
116 views

Is it correct to assume Elisha was ploughing his own field?

All sorts of assertions are made from 1 Kings 19:19, (i.e. Elisha was well-to-do because he owned 24 oxen). My first question of this passage is simply that is it correct to assume that He owned the ...
17
votes
2answers
1k views

Were 1 John and John’s gospel written by the same person?

I’m interested in internal evidence based on the linguistic/stylistic and (if you like) thematic patterns of the two books. I am less interested for the purpose of this question in whether either was ...
6
votes
2answers
352 views

How do we understand the verse “I saw the souls of those who had been slain.”

In the book of Revelation it is written, "When he opened the fifth seal, I saw under the altar the souls of those who had been slain because of the word of God and the testimony they had ...
6
votes
2answers
158 views

What is the meaning of the shift from present to aorist in 1 John 2:12-14?

1 John 2:12-14 (NA28): γράφω ὑμῖν, τεκνία, ὅτι ἀφέωνται ὑμῖν αἱ ἁμαρτίαι διὰ τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ. γράφω ὑμῖν, πατέρες, ὅτι ἐγνώκατε τὸν ἀπ᾿ ἀρχῆς. γράφω ὑμῖν, νεανίσκοι, ὅτι νενικήκατε τὸν πονηρόν. ...
5
votes
1answer
511 views

What is the distinction between symbolic and apocalyptic interpretations of Ezekiel's temple vision?

I'm studying the temple vision of Ezekiel (chapters 40-48) and I'm trying to understand and compare the various ways in which this is interpreted. As enumerated in another answer on this site here, ...
2
votes
3answers
344 views

Did English-language translations describe Adam and Eve as eating apples?

Did any English-language translation of the Bible describe Adam and Eve as eating apples? If so, were the translations meaning to say that they ate some sort of fruit (an older meaning of "apple"), or ...
4
votes
2answers
474 views

Who is the “man of lawlessness” in 2 Thess 2?

Who is the "man of lawlessness" in 2 Thess 2? The online RSVCE identifies him as the Antichrist, but The Navarre Bible New Testament Compact Edition note on 2 Thess 2:1-12 has in part: We do not ...
6
votes
3answers
255 views

To what do the “parchments” (and tangentially the “books”) refer in 2 Tim 4:13?

The Scripture in Question In 2 Timothy 4:13 it says this (NKJV): Bring the cloak that I left with Carpus at Troas when you come—and the books, especially the parchments. The Greek is the ...
9
votes
3answers
449 views

What means did the people have to correctly interpret “lifted up” in John 12:32?

Studying John 12, I came across these verses which record the words of Jesus when some godfearing greeks wished to see Him: 20 Now among those who went up to worship at the feast were some Greeks.....
13
votes
3answers
465 views

Is ἐγώ εἰμι testified in extra-biblical Greek as an expression for saying “I am he”?

This question arises from this insightful answer to another question about John 8:58. That answer makes an argument that the Greek ἐγώ εἰμι (literally "I am") is the wording used to translate the ...
9
votes
5answers
188 views

Who is “his brother” in 1 John 5:16?

In considering who can commit sins that lead to death I wonder who the "brother" is in 1 John 5:16: If anyone sees his brother committing a sin not leading to death, he shall ask, and God will ...
16
votes
1answer
638 views

What did Jesus likely say in John 8:58?

In John 8:58, the author quotes Jesus: . ..πρὶν Ἀβραὰμ γενέσθαι ἐγὼ εἰμί (NA28) ...before Abraham was, I am (ESV) Many have understood this as a claim to divinity, and some translations render ...
3
votes
1answer
112 views

God or the church as the foundation of truth

1 Tim 3:15 (NA28): ....ἐκκλησία θεοῦ ζῶντος, στῦλος καὶ ἑδραίωμα τῆς ἀληθείας. This refers to the church of the living God, the pillar and support of truth in GNB. The CEV makes it clear that ...
5
votes
3answers
335 views

What do bible authors mean by “they remain there till this day…”?

Biblical authors like to proclaim how some monument/stone/altar/name remains intact to-this-day. Cool. Should I take that as till the day the author wrote it down (in which case: meh), or should I ...
5
votes
2answers
4k views

What was the 'reproach of Egypt' referred to in Joshua 5:9?

In Joshua chapter 5, after the Israelites had crossed the Jordan into the promised land, all the men of that generation were circumcised, Then the Lord said to Joshua, “Today I have rolled away ...
14
votes
4answers
1k views

Why is the observation that “it was good” missing on the second day?

The account of the first six days of creation as found in Genesis 1 is highly stylized, though with variations. For instance, each day ends, "And there was evening, and there was morning—the (n)th day....
6
votes
1answer
296 views

What does 'reign with him' in 2 Tim 2:12 mean?

2 Timothy 2:11-13 (RSVCE) has: The saying is sure: If we have died with him, we shall also live with him; if we endure, we shall also reign with him; if we deny him, he also will ...
5
votes
1answer
156 views

What was the 'testimony' that Aaron's rod was brought before?

Numbers 17:10 (KJV) And the LORD said unto Moses, Bring Aaron's rod again before the testimony, to be kept for a sign against the rebels; and you shall put away their murmurings from me, that they ...
-4
votes
1answer
182 views

How best to understand the relationship between Exodus 20:3 and 20:4? [closed]

Exodus 20:3 Hebrew OT: (Consonants Only) לא יהיה־לך אלהים אחרים על־פני לא - "not" יהיה - "he will manifest" : manifest (היה) . he will (י) לך - "to your" : your (ך) . to (to) אלהים - "motions": ...
2
votes
1answer
208 views

Does John 11:25 refer to “Life after death” or “Life despite death”?

εἶπεν αὐτῇ ὁ Ἰησοῦς Ἐγώ εἰμι ἡ ἀνάστασις καὶ ἡ ζωή· ὁ πιστεύων εἰς ἐμὲ κἂν ἀποθάνῃ ζήσεται (John 11:25 Stephanus Textus Receptus 1550) These last two words are are the focus ἀποθάνῃ (apothanē): he ...
10
votes
3answers
606 views

What is the meaning of the “inverted nuns” (׆ … ׆) around Numbers 10:35-36?

Numbers 10:35-36 (ESV) And whenever the ark set out, Moses said, “Arise, O Lord, and let your enemies be scattered, and let those who hate you flee before you.” And when it rested, he said, “...
13
votes
3answers
875 views

Is there any reason to think that Mark 7:19 has a later addition?

This is Mark 7:19 from the NIV: For it doesn’t go into their heart but into their stomach, and then out of the body.” (In saying this, Jesus declared all foods clean.) Every time I see a ...
-1
votes
2answers
132 views

Galatians 1:2 - Who are the brethren who were with Paul?

Galatians 1:1-2 says (KJV): 1 Paul, an apostle, (not of men, neither by man, but by Jesus Christ, and God the Father, who raised him from the dead;) and all the brethren which are with me, unto ...
3
votes
2answers
114 views

Does kôkābîm (כוֹכָבִים) in Book of Daniel refer to any bright objects in the sky?

In Daniel 8:10 we read: : It grew great, even to the host of heaven. And some of the host and some of the stars it threw down to the ground and trampled on them. [English Standard Version] ...
11
votes
2answers
298 views

Use of “I, even I” and similar phrases

Looking at Ezekiel 6:3 as an example, this sort of phrasing has always intrigued me: and say, You mountains of Israel, hear the word of the Lord GOD! Thus says the Lord GOD to the mountains and ...
5
votes
4answers
1k views

Moses' manufacture of the “bronze serpent” - what bronze?

In Numbers 21:9 it says: So Moses made a bronze snake and put it on a pole, so that if a snake had bitten someone, when he looked at the bronze snake he lived. [NET] Where would Moses probably ...
5
votes
2answers
447 views

What does Jesus mean by “Pray then like this:” before the “Lord's Prayer”

7“And when you pray, do not heap up empty phrases as the Gentiles do, for they think that they will be heard for their many words. 8Do not be like them, for your Father knows what you need before you ...
1
vote
1answer
186 views

Looking for electronic copies of the original Hebrew, Greek and Aramaic texts, and electronic translation/analyses databases to interpret them [closed]

If this question is worded poorly or could be rephrased, please do help me know how best to ask it. I am genuinely seeking the information outlined below, but I'm new here, so please forgive me if I ...
3
votes
2answers
240 views

Is “God” capitalised because it's the given name of Christianity's god?

When explaining when "God" is capitalised and when it is not to people from a non-English-speaking background, I say that it's capitalised when it's referring to Christianity's god, because it's the ...
13
votes
1answer
597 views

Proper translation of John 1:1

Is there any particular reason why "kai Theós ēn ho Lógos" is translated "and the Word was God" and not "and God was the Word"?
-6
votes
1answer
267 views

Does God have DNA? [closed]

"Sperma The NAS New Testament Greek Lexicon Strong's Number: 4690 Original Word Word Origin sperma from (4687) Transliterated Word TDNT Entry Sperma 7:536,1065 Phonetic Spelling Parts ...
2
votes
1answer
221 views

Why is Breath or Wind a better translation choice then Spirit? [closed]

"Spirit" occurs 505 times in 456 verses in the KJV. The English word is translated from the Hebrew ruach and the Greek pnuema. Both of these words can also mean "breath" or "wind." All three uses ...
5
votes
3answers
253 views

What's The Significance of Paul Saying “Pastors And Teachers”?

As far as I know, it has been widely argued that the "shepherds (or pastors) and teachers" in this verse stands collectively, that is, they are treated as one class of office. If so, what is the ...
5
votes
4answers
3k views

KJV Romans 12:3 according as God hath dealt to every man the measure of faith

In the King James Bible Romans 12:3 states ... "according as God hath dealt to every man the measure of faith"... Does this mean his followers were given a different "measure of faith"; that each ...
4
votes
3answers
685 views

Is there a difference between 'seeing' the Kingdom of God, and 'entering' it? (John 3)

My question concerns two verses in John's Gospel. I'm using the English Standard Version here but I think the same question arises in other translations: Jesus answered him, “Truly, truly, I say ...
1
vote
1answer
475 views

How Did Noah Know About the Clean and Unclean Animals? [duplicate]

In the account of the Flood, God commanded Noah to bring in seven pairs of "clean" animals and a pair of animals that are "not clean". Here we have a very early distinction of clean and unclean ...
4
votes
1answer
153 views

Are the divine name and its contracted form somehow unique or are they truly inter-changeable?

According to Strongs H3050, there are 48 occurrences in the Hebrew Bible where God's name is rendered as יָהּ (Yah). Most of these are found in the Psalms. This suggests it is a poetic form. ...
7
votes
1answer
238 views

Is the source text of part of 1 Kings 19 potentially from a corrupted copy?

I noticed a similarity in two sets of passages from 1 Kings 19, and was wondering if either (1) there is any historical textual evidence that might point to dittography having occurred, and that a ...
3
votes
3answers
144 views

Why doesn't St. Paul use LOVE for each of the members, when he lays out the Rules for a Christian Households [Col 3:18-20]?

In laying out Rules for a Christian Households, St. Paul says in: Colossians 3:18-20 (RSVCE) Rules for Christian Households 18 Wives, be subject to your husbands, as is fitting in the Lord. ...
9
votes
3answers
663 views

Did Matthew intend “evil” or “the evil one” in the Lord’s Prayer?

I previously asked a question about how to understand these words in the language Jesus was originally speaking. However, the text we have is in Greek, and I realized I’m not as familiar with the ...
4
votes
2answers
359 views

Galatians 3:22 - Did the law imprison us under sin or imprison the things which were already under sin?

I have a question on the translation of Galatians 3:22. Most English translations give something like the NIV gives: But Scripture has locked up everything under the control of sin, so that what ...
7
votes
3answers
755 views

Are there differences in how the Spirit empowers people?

In the Hebrew Bible, the Spirit of the Lord empowers people. Examples include: Judges 14:19 The Lord’s spirit empowered him. [NET] The word used in Judges 14:19 is a form of tsalach meaning "...
5
votes
1answer
542 views

Deliver us from “evil” or “the evil one” – help from the Semitists?

Matthew 6:13 ESV And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil. But NIV And do not lead us into temptation, but deliver us from the evil one. UBS5 καὶ μὴ εἰσενέγκῃς ἡμᾶς ...
6
votes
1answer
706 views

Was John the Baptist a member of the Essene community at Qumran?

This paper by Alan Farnes is one of many that have identified John’s appropriation of Isaiah 40:3 as reminiscent of the Qumran documents (a.k.a. Dead Sea Scrolls): John 1:23 (ESV) He said, “I am ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

Why does John the Baptist deny being “Elijah”?

So Malachi rather cryptically ends with “See, I will send the prophet Elijah to you before that great and dreadful day of the Lord comes. He will turn the hearts of the parents to their ...
1
vote
2answers
95 views

The Lord Needs It - How did the owners perceive the word Lord? [duplicate]

How did the owners of the colt perceive the Word for Lord? And if anyone asks you, ‘Why are you loosing it?’ thus you shall say to him, ‘Because the Lord has need of it.’” 32 So those who were ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Assessments of the evidence for the “Gap Theory” reading of Genesis 1:1-2?

Ever since the emergence of an understanding of "geological time" in the 18th Century, there has been a perceived tension with the six-day account of creation in Genesis 1 -- at least, if those "days" ...
8
votes
6answers
11k views

What does the oil in the ten virgins parable represent?

The parable of the ten virgins is found in Matthew 25:1-12. Verses 8-9 (ESV) read: And the foolish said to the wise, ‘Give us some of your oil, for our lamps are going out.’ But the wise ...

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