5
votes
3answers
5k views

What is the meaning of “water and blood” in 1 John 5:6?

In 1 John 5:6 John uses water and blood as symbolic short hand, clearly expecting his audience to know the meaning of these two liquids. 6 This is the one who came by water and blood—Jesus Christ. ...
4
votes
3answers
4k views

Who are the Sheep and the Goats in Matthew 25?

Soldarnal has already asked who are "the least of these my brothers" in Matthew 25. But I think we also need to ask who are the sheep and the goats? Matthew 25:31-46 we read When the Son of ...
5
votes
0answers
1k views

Accuracy of Alfred Edersheim's “Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah” [closed]

Edersheim's book The Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah has been called "one of the best known and most important references on the life of Christ ever written." However, a lot has changed in the ...
3
votes
1answer
549 views

Who is the “elect lady” of Second John?

The Second Epistle of John begins (NIV empahsis mine): To the lady chosen by God and to her children, whom I love in the truth—and not I only, but also all who know the truth—because of the truth, ...
6
votes
2answers
263 views

Who is is “we” of 1 John 1:1?

The letter of 1 John begins in verse 1: That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we have looked at and our hands have touched—this we ...
5
votes
2answers
189 views

Does 1 Thessalonians 4:17 borrow from Daniel 7?

Paul writes to the Thessalonians: After that, we who are still alive and are left will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air. And so we will be with the Lord ...
4
votes
1answer
295 views

Were all the cananites slaughtered or not?

It seems pretty clear in some of the texts that when Land of Canaan was conquered, there were no one left alive, all were killed: Joshua defeated the whole land, including the hill country, the ...
7
votes
1answer
643 views

To whom should we attribute John 3:16?

Who is speaking in John 3:16? Jesus or John? John 3 begins with Jesus speaking in the first person but in v. 13 there's a shift to the third person which continues until a change of scene at 3:22. ...
7
votes
1answer
234 views

What do the jeers towards Elisha of “Go on up” mean?

When Elisha is jeered by youths in 2 Kings 2:23-25 he is told (as many translations have it) to "Go up" or "Go on up". The new NIV (2011) renders this as "Get out of here." Is this a fair translation ...
5
votes
1answer
446 views

Why was Elisha bald?

When Elisha is jeered by youths, he is at the beginning of his ministry which lasted approximately 50 years and so seemingly fairly young still. He is jeered, however, for being being bald. Did he ...
5
votes
1answer
201 views

How old were the youths mauled by bears?

In 2 Kings 2:23, a group of boys jeers Elisha. Various English translations render this "young boys", "young lads", "boys", "small boys". What kind of range does the Hebrew word behind this group of ...
4
votes
1answer
355 views

Did Job repent?

Many translations of Job 42:6 have something like the NIV: Therefore I despise myself and repent in dust and ashes. However, in the article on Job from The Dictionary for Theological ...
2
votes
1answer
154 views

Was the LXX ending to Job written in Greek?

The Septuagint's ending to Job begins: And it is written that he shall rise again with the ones whom the Lord shall raise up. This man is described by the Syriac book as dwelling in the land of Uz ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

Explanation of Chronological Disparities between St. John and the Synoptic Gospels Concerning Jesus' Passion

Significant chronological disparities exist between St. John's telling of the life and death of Jesus and those of the synoptic gospels. For instance, St. John discusses a lot of Jesus' ministry, ...
7
votes
3answers
655 views

What is the meaning of “day and hour unknown”?

Matthew 25:13 (NKJV) “Watch therefore, for you know neither the day nor the hour in which the Son of Man is coming. This verse mentions only the day and the hour as unknown. Does this mean ...
9
votes
1answer
2k views

Is the Gospel of John arranged as a chiasm?

In his book the Literary Structure of the Old Testament, David Dorsey compiles a list of fifteen ways the writers of the Hebrew bible linked narrative units into narrative patterns. One of these ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

Why does John note the name of the servant whose ear was cut off?

Unlike the synoptics, John notes the name of the man whose ear was cut off during Jesus' arrest. John 18:10 - Then Simon Peter, who had a sword, drew it and struck the high priest’s servant, ...
2
votes
1answer
342 views

Genesis 3:13 Does the Hebrew actually say הִשִּׁיאַ֖נִי deceived ME?

In Genesis 3:13 Then the Lord God said to the woman, “What is this you have done?” The woman said, “The serpent deceived me, and I ate.” Does the Hebrew word actually say "deceived me"? ...
6
votes
2answers
272 views

What analogy is Joel using to compare God's spirit to?

Joel uses the act of pouring to describe God providing His spirit to all the people of Israel: After that, I will pour out My spirit on all flesh; Your sons and daughters shall prophesy; ...
10
votes
2answers
426 views

“which translated means…”

I am told that many scholars believe that the words of Jesus which we have presented to us in Greek were originally spoken in Aramaic. What confuses me then is why there are instances in the Greek ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

Why is Jer 10:11 written in Aramaic?

There is one verse in the Book of Jeremiah written in Aramaic; in fact, this verse stands alone as a "one-verse paragraph" in the Masoretic text. :יא. כִּדְנָה תֵּאמְרוּן לְהוֹם אֱלָהַיָּא דִּי ...
2
votes
1answer
145 views

Who or what are the “no gods” in Galatians 4:8?

The Apostle Paul wrote to the Galatians concerning their former lifestyle. In this regard, he mentions the following. Galatians 4:8-9 (NASB) 8 However at that time, when you did not know God, ...
5
votes
2answers
424 views

“Believing wife” or “sister” in 1 Corinthians 9:5?

In 1 Corinthians 9:5, there is a referrence of women serving the apostles. In most translations, they are called wives: Don’t we have the right to take a believing wife along with us, as do the ...
5
votes
0answers
3k views

Meaning of (et)“את” and (v'et)“וְאֵ֥ת” in Genesis 1:1

Genesis 1:1 In the beginning בְּרֵאשִׁ֖ית created בָּרָ֣א God אֱלֹהִ֑ים (unknown word) אֵ֥ת the heavens הַשָּׁמַ֖יִם (unknown word) וְאֵ֥ת the earth הָאָֽרֶץ׃ I ...
2
votes
2answers
953 views

Which is the day described in verse Amos 8:9?

"In that day," declares the Sovereign Lord, I will make the sun go down at noon and darken the earth in broad daylight. Amos 8:9 What 'day' is Amos referring to?
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Why does the Hebrew word “chesed” in Psalm 136 have two meanings?

Psalm 136:23 & 24 use the same Hebrew word that is sometimes translated as "grace". The ESV uses "steadfast love" in those verses: It is he who remembered us in our low estate, for his ...
2
votes
2answers
853 views

Is the water jar in John 4:28 a symbol?

At the end of Jesus' conversation with the woman by the well, John records 28 So the woman left her water jar and went away into town and said to the people, 29 “Come, see a man who told me all ...
3
votes
3answers
515 views

How does Peter fit the events of Acts 2 into the apocalyptic imagery of Joel?

In Act 2, the disciples of Jesus were gathered in the upper room when something extraordinary occurred which caused a stir in Jerusalem. Luke gives Peter a chance to explain in the first extended ...
8
votes
5answers
7k views

What did Jesus mean by “be perfect” in the Sermon on the Mount?

I asked this on the Christianity Stack Exchange site, and they told me it would be better here. So I here I am asking it... Therefore you shall be perfect, just as your Father in heaven is ...
7
votes
4answers
488 views

How can we determine when an image is a symbol?

Put simply, a symbol is a tangible representation of an intangible idea. Authors, both ancient and modern, use symbolic images to convey abstract concepts. The problem with symbols, however, is that ...
1
vote
3answers
920 views

In what way Jesus is God's Wisdom in 1 Corinthians 1:24

The verse is saying that to those who are called,both Jews or Greeks, the Messiah for them is God's power and wisdom. 1 Corinthians 1:24 So in what way Jesus is God's Wisdom here? As divine? Or as ...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

What is the “weakness of God” in 1 Corinthians 1:25?

1 Corinthians 1:25 says: Because the foolishness of God is wiser than men, and the weakness of God is stronger than men. Has God ever been weak? What does it mean to say that God has weakness? ...
2
votes
1answer
360 views

Are men (brethren) really men or are they human?

Psalm 133:1 KJV Behold, how good and how pleasant it is for brethren to dwell together in unity! VS Psalm 133:1 GW See how good and pleasant it is when brothers and sisters live ...
4
votes
1answer
6k views

Does Mark 11:26 mean that those who do not forgive others are not forgiven by God?

Mark 11:26 has always bothered me: But if you do not forgive, neither will your Father who is in heaven forgive your transgressions NASB As far as I can tell, the overall locus of the ...
4
votes
3answers
335 views

The time span of growing into Christ the Head in Ephesians 4:13-15

Ephesians 4:13: Till we all come in the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, unto a perfect man, unto the measure of the stature of the fulness of Christ Does this ...
6
votes
3answers
532 views

Psalm 51:5 CEV vs ESV

How can we determine which translation is more close to the original message? Clearly "the day I was born" vs "mother conceive me" paints a completely different picture - and arguably, a different ...
6
votes
2answers
495 views

Did God make an idol?

In the Decalogue God forbids the making and or worshiping of images in the form of anything in the created order. And God spoke all these words: “I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

Did Mark intend to end his gospel at 16:8?

Mark's gospel may or may not end at 16:8. The earliest manuscripts do not contain 16:9-20. As they entered the tomb, they saw a young man dressed in a white robe sitting on the right side, and ...
6
votes
5answers
15k views

What is the significance of the young man who runs away naked in Mark's gospel?

Mark alone of the four Gospels tells of a young man who fled naked when Jesus was arrested in Gethsemane. Mark 14:51 states, A young man, wearing nothing but a linen garment, was following Jesus. ...
12
votes
4answers
9k views

Why does Jesus tell his mother his “hour has not yet come”?

Very early on, John tells a story that is unique to his gospel: On the third day there was a wedding at Cana in Galilee, and the mother of Jesus was there. Jesus also was invited to the wedding ...
7
votes
1answer
174 views

Just how overpriced was Efron's burial cave anyway?

In Genesis 23 Avraham pays 400 shekels to Efron for a burial cave for Sarah (and, later, other family members). This seems to be an enormous amount of money and Rashi suggests it's even worse than it ...
7
votes
7answers
1k views

Why does Luke associate the birth of Christ with the census conducted by Quirinus?

Luke states that Mary and Joseph went to Bethlehem because of a census that took place while Quirinius was governor of Syria (2:1-5). In those days a decree went out from Caesar Augustus that all ...
2
votes
2answers
651 views

Is there any exegetical reason for believing the seven churches of Revelation correspond to seven successive “church ages”?

The Book of Revelation self-identifies as a letter to seven churches: John to the seven churches that are in Asia -v.4 John explains his experience to them as follows: I, John, your brother ...
4
votes
1answer
120 views

How should the prepositions in Romans 11:36 be translated?

Romans 11:36 has four propositions that provide a neat parallel structure: ὅτι ἐξ αὐτοῦ καὶ δι’ αὐτοῦ καὶ εἰς αὐτὸν τὰ πάντα· αὐτῷ ἡ δόξα εἰς τοὺς αἰῶνας, ἀμήν. The ESV translation is fairly ...
4
votes
6answers
6k views

What significance does John perceive in the piercing of Christ's side and the flow of blood and water?

Both the piercing of Christ side and the flow of blood and water (John 19:34) are unique to John’s gospel and it’s clear from the testimony which follows (19:35) he sees in them great deal of ...
8
votes
7answers
10k views

Why did Paul collect and deliver an offering for the Jerusalem church?

Paul's collection for the Jerusalem church occupies significant portions of his letters (1 Cor 16:1–4; 2 Cor 8:1–9:15; Rom 15:14–32). It is so important to Paul he is willing to face hostility ...
4
votes
1answer
69 views

Was Mark A Scribe?

Given that the ability to write was an unusual skill in the time of the composition of the Gospels, would Mark have been likely to have been a scribe? I mean if the tradition of Peter dictating to ...
5
votes
1answer
83 views

What is a “reinked” manuscript?

So, I'm checking a variant in the CNTTS critical apparatus and look up some info on a couple manuscripts that support a reading. According to CNTTS the manuscript is "a reinked manuscript of the ...
4
votes
2answers
549 views

Parallelism in the Beatitudes

3 Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. 4 Blessed are those who mourn, for they will be comforted. 5 Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit ...
6
votes
1answer
250 views

Why is the law about cooking a goat in mother's milk listed with instructions about feasts?

As this question notes, the law concerning cooking a young goat in its mother's milk appears three times in Torah: Exodus: 23:19, Exodus 34:26, and Deuteronomy 14:21. It's placement in Deuteronomy ...

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