7
votes
5answers
568 views

What are the limits to the Christological hermeneutic?

According to Wikipedia: The Christo-Centric Principle: "The mind of deity is eternally centered in Christ. All angelic thought and ministry are centered in Christ. All Satanic hatred and ...
6
votes
2answers
475 views

Was the tower of Babel a ziggurat?

I've read a couple commentators who depend fairly heavily in their interpretations of the tower of Babel narrative on the assumption that the tower being built was a ziggurat; but I'm not sure how ...
2
votes
2answers
145 views

What is the origin of the household tables?

The household tables in Colossians 3:18-4:1, in Ephesians 5:21-6:9, and in 1 Peter 2:18-3:7 all have a distinct rhetorical form bearing resemblance to one another. The general form seems to be: A[1], ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

How many people were struck dead at Beth Shemesh?

In 1 Samuel 6:19 a number of people are struck dead by God after looking into the ark of the LORD. 1 Samuel 6:19 (NIV) But God struck down some of the inhabitants of Beth Shemesh, putting ...
6
votes
3answers
533 views

What are the evidences that 'morphe theou' in Philippians 2:6 means 'God's nature'?

Is there any evidence that μορφῇ θεοῦ (morphe theou) in Philippians 2:6 means the "nature" of God the Father? Is there a NT evidence and contemporary first century evidence that morphe is used as ...
6
votes
3answers
354 views

Revelation: Before or after AD70?

My question is about how the Book of Revelation is dated. Some say it was written before the destruction of Jerusalem in AD 70, and others say it was written later (maybe around AD 90.) Obviously the ...
0
votes
2answers
290 views

Why did Achish tell David he was as good as an angel?

Why did Achish tell David he was as good as an angel in 1 Samuel 29:9? And Achish answered and said to David, "I know that thou art good in my sight, as an angel of God: not withstanding the ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Comma? “Verily I say unto thee today, …” or “Verily I say unto thee, today…”

The reading of Luke 23:43 differs depending on how we punctuate it: And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, Today shalt thou be with me in paradise. Or And Jesus said unto him, ...
7
votes
4answers
4k views

What is the purpose of Elijah's travels?

At the beginning of 2 Kings 2, Elijah travels from Gilgal to Bethel to Jericho to the Jordan before being taken up in the whirlwind. Elisha then mostly reverses this course crossing back over the ...
2
votes
0answers
46 views

Who bought the potter's field ? the Priests or Judas [duplicate]

There appears to be so much confusion surrounding the potter's field, that i will need to ask more than one question to help me understand the different scriptures concerning this field. In Matthew ...
1
vote
2answers
454 views

Why did God order the Israelites to kill all males in battle but spare females in Deuteronomy 20:13-14?

Why did God order the Israelites to kill all the males in a land after capturing it but spare the females?
4
votes
3answers
294 views

The time span of growing into Christ the Head in Ephesians 4:13-15

Ephesians 4:13: Till we all come in the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, unto a perfect man, unto the measure of the stature of the fulness of Christ Does this ...
3
votes
2answers
189 views

Why is 'Sabbath' often plural in the Greek text (both LXX and NT) yet translated as if it were singular?

Why is 'Sabbath' often plural in the Greek text (both LXX and NT) yet translated as if it were singular? In my research online, I've been finding that this issue is hotly debated between Seventh Day ...
0
votes
1answer
61 views

Extant manuscripts of 2 Peter

How many extant manuscripts of 2 Peter are there? I have searched online but I can't seem to find that information. Please cite your source.
6
votes
4answers
3k views

Let The Dead Bury The Dead

In the NIV translation of the Bible, under the heading "The Cost of Following Jesus," a disciple who wants to follow Jesus says, ... “Lord, first let me go and bury my father.” But Jesus told ...
0
votes
3answers
464 views

When Jesus bowed his head, was he committing suicide?

When Jesus had received the sour wine, he said, “It is finished,” and he bowed his head and gave up his spirit.—John 19:30 (ESV) Does the text say or imply that this was a deliberate act ...
8
votes
3answers
239 views

How should the first line of Judges 5:2 be translated?

So at some point, I'm hoping to be able to answer this question. In the meantime, though, I keep running into more questions, this one concering the first line of the Song of Deborah (Judges 5:2). It ...
8
votes
3answers
3k views

What does “word of God” mean in Hebrews 4:12?

Hebrews 4:12 (KJV) 12 For the word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

What gender does the pronouns have that denote ruach or pneuma? [closed]

In Hebrew the word for wind/breath/spirit is ruach, which is feminine (like all nouns for body parts). However, some theologians use that as an argument for calling the Holy Spirit "she". Pneuma in ...
2
votes
2answers
375 views

Did the Holy Spirit leave Jesus when temptation was present in Luke 4?

Luke 4 states: 1And Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan and was led by the Spirit in the wildernessESV and: 13And when the devil had ended every temptation, he departed ...
2
votes
2answers
260 views

What does it mean in Matthew 24:15 and Mark 13:14 when the text says, “Whoso readeth, let him understand”?

I have seen that this remark is a redaction, but most reliable sources say that it was included in the original texts sometime in the 1st Century, most likely 66-70 CE. Commentaries over the direct ...
7
votes
5answers
512 views

Who is the “god of this world” in 2 Corinthians 4:4?

4) In their case the god of this world has blinded the minds of the unbelievers, to keep them from seeing the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God. It seems odd ...
7
votes
2answers
566 views

“My son” in Hosea 11:1 quoted in Matt. 2:14-15

Matthew 2:14-15 (NASB) reads: 14So Joseph got up and took the Child and His mother while it was still night, and left for Egypt. 15He remained there until the death of Herod. This was to fulfill ...
6
votes
1answer
555 views

Peter's Psalm quotations in Acts 1:20

In Acts 1:20, Peter quotes Psalm 69:25 and Psalm 109:8: 20“For it is written in the Book of Psalms, “‘May his camp become desolate, and let there be no one to dwell in it’; and “‘Let ...
7
votes
3answers
807 views

How does Jesus' being from Nazareth fulfill the prophets?

In Matthew 2:23 we read, "And he went and lived in a city called Nazareth, that what was spoken by the prophets might be fulfilled: 'He shall be called a Nazarene.'" Since there doesn't seem to be a ...
7
votes
3answers
336 views

What hermeneutical approach does Hebrews use on the Old Testament

Psalm 2:7 is quoted in two different contexts in Hebrews, seeming to be used to support two vastly different arguments. In Hebrews 1:5, we read For to which of the angels did God ever say, ...
2
votes
1answer
188 views

Does the Sadducees' question in Mark 12 imply polygamy was considered sinful?

The passage in question is Mark 12:18-23 (ESV): And Sadducees came to him, who say that there is no resurrection. And they asked him a question, saying, “Teacher, Moses wrote for us that if a ...
3
votes
1answer
111 views

Does Paul allude to the context of Psalm 19:4 in Romans 10:18?

In Romans 10:17, Paul says that hearing comes through the word of Christ. Then in verse 18, he quotes the Psalmist in response to the question, "But I ask, have they [the Israelites] not heard?" ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

Why did Stephen give such a long speech?

Before he was stoned, Stephen gives a huge speech (Acts 7) going over Israeli history, from Abraham through Moses to David. I really don't understand the purpose of it. What is the overall message? ...
5
votes
2answers
136 views

Hosea 13:14 as quoted in 1 Corinthians 15

Hosea 13:14 reads in the ESV: Shall I ransom them from the power of Sheol? Shall I redeem them from Death? O Death, where are your plagues? O Sheol, where is your sting? Compassion is ...
14
votes
1answer
382 views

Who is the author of Hebrews quoting in Hebrews 10:38?

Who is the author of Hebrews quoting in Hebrews 10:38? Now the just shall live by faith: but if [any man] draw back, my soul shall have no pleasure in him. The "just shall live by faith" part ...
5
votes
5answers
317 views

Was it Jesus' flight to or return from Egypt that fulfilled Hosea 11:1?

This question is related to this one about Matthew 2:14-15. So he got up, took the child and his mother during the night and left for Egypt, where he stayed until the death of Herod. And so was ...
6
votes
1answer
203 views

Does the LXX of Proverbs 1:7 have influence on the use of εὐσέβεια in the NT?

Is there any New Testament text wherin an influence of this LXX expanded translation is of interpretive importance in the NT (esp. with regard to εὐσέβεια)? Edit (question clarification): I find this ...
5
votes
2answers
157 views

Does 1 Thessalonians 4:17 borrow from Daniel 7?

Paul writes to the Thessalonians: After that, we who are still alive and are left will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air. And so we will be with the Lord ...
3
votes
2answers
94 views

When did the textual variation in Daniel 7:13 arise?

Daniel's famous vision is recorded in the middle of chapter 7: I was watching in the night visions, “And with the clouds of the sky one like a son of man was approaching. He went ...
1
vote
1answer
357 views

Significance of Solomon's 666 talents of gold?

1 Kings 10:14 says, "the weight of gold which Solomon received every year was 666 talents of gold, besides what came from tradesmen, from the traffic of the merchants, and from all the kings of Arabia ...
15
votes
4answers
8k views

Is Jesus giving the Spirit in John 20:22?

After the resurrection in John's gospel, Jesus appears to the disciples and in John 20:22 he breathes on them and says, "Receive the Holy Spirit." What is happening here? Is Jesus giving them the Holy ...
2
votes
2answers
154 views

James 1:11 - “…its flower falls…”

James 1:11 contains the phrase "καὶ τὸ ἄνθος αὐτοῦ ἐξέπεσεν," which the ESV correctly literally translates as "[and] its flower falls." The NET takes more interpretive license and renders it "the ...
5
votes
2answers
168 views

When James and Jude use κύριος is their meaning limited to “master”?

In his book, The Jesus Dynasty, James Tabor asserts that James and Jude, which he takes to written by Jesus' brothers, use the term κύριος to mean something like "master". It was a sign of honor for ...
3
votes
2answers
315 views

What were the criteria for evaluating whether a book was included in the canons of scripture?

What criteria were used in collecting the Scriptures (Canon) which we know today as the Holy Bible. I'm not looking for new theological hypotheses here, just established ones. For example, how did ...
6
votes
2answers
196 views

Was Jesus raised 'for our justification' or 'because of' it?

In the NASB, Romans 4:25 (emphasis mine) reads: He who was delivered over because of our transgressions, and was raised because of our justification. However, in the ESV (emphasis mine) it ...
2
votes
1answer
163 views

Did Luke intend the account of Ananias and Sapphira to be reminiscent of Achan?

I was thinking tonight about how the essential form of the story of Ananias and Sapphira in Acts 5 parallels the story of Achan in Joshua 7. Both stories feature people lying to the people of God in ...
7
votes
6answers
675 views

Are there any rules on which things in Revelation must be interpreted literally and which symbolically?

Are there any rules on which things in Revelation must be interpreted literally and which symbolically? The one that comes from the back of my mind is that if a certain thing or a character is already ...
9
votes
2answers
694 views

How strong was Midian's army?

When Israel took vengeance on Midian they sent 12,000 troops (Numbers 31:4) and prevailed: אֶלֶף, לַמַּטֶּה, אֶלֶף, לַמַּטֶּה--לְכֹל מַטּוֹת יִשְׂרָאֵל, תִּשְׁלְחוּ לַצָּבָא. Of every tribe a ...
6
votes
3answers
268 views

What is the likely way in which ancient Hebrews would have understood “raqiya” in Gen 1:6?

In Genesis 1:6, the word "firmament" (Hebrew: raqiya) is referring to what we call the sky. It separates the waters below (oceans, lakes, rivers, etc) from the waters above (where the rain comes ...
4
votes
1answer
227 views

Should we read Melchizedek in Genesis 14 to be metaphorical?

Genesis 14:17-20 (NJPS): When he returned from defeating Chedorlaomer and the kings with him, the king of Sodom came out to meet him in the Valley of Shaveh, which is the Valley of the King. And ...
4
votes
4answers
687 views

Which hermeneutical approaches support a literal interpretation of the Creation account?

I had always been told that a day meant 24 hours, but a systematic theology textbook I read disputed that pretty well. (Please do not address this item in particular. This isn't the question I'm ...
6
votes
1answer
754 views

Was Ezekiel 37 understood as a prophesy of a literal Resurrection?

Ezekiel 37 presents a dramatic picture of a valley of bones being resurrected. The natural Christian interpretation is that it is an image of the day of the Lord when the righteous will be brought ...
1
vote
1answer
290 views

Who did Shelah (Judah's son) marry?

In Genesis we learn that Judah's sons Er and Onan died, and both of them were married to Tamar. Because of their deaths (and involvement with the same woman, Tamar), Judah thinks that Tamar has ...
2
votes
1answer
141 views

How does God speak to the whole community of Israel?

Usually God speaks to the people through a prophet or an angel (messenger). But throughout the Book of Judges, the major theme is that the Israelites abandon faith in God, turn to idolatry, ...

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