6
votes
1answer
191 views

What language(s) would the Jewish Christians in the various Macedonian cities have spoken?

In Acts 16-18, Paul is shown moving from city to city in Macedonia - e.g. Phillipi, Thessalonica, Berea, Corinth - many of to whom he would later write letters. Acts 17:2 explains that it was his ...
13
votes
1answer
1k views

What is the proper translation of Hosea 11:12?

I have been researching Hosea 11:12 and have come to realize that it is translated differently in many differing translations of the Bible. It is sometimes translated that Judah walked (or ruled) with ...
14
votes
5answers
2k views

Why is the Bible so repetitive?

Some pieces of the Bible are repeated (several times even) without changes. Let's look at the book of Leviticus, especially chapters 13-16, which concerns laws about leprosy, mold, and bodily ...
8
votes
3answers
853 views

Does “days” in prophecy equal “years” (Daniel 9 - Seventy Weeks)

A lot of theologians take Daniel's seventy weeks and interpret the seventy weeks to be 490 years, a year for each day. From a hermeneutic standpoint, I seek to know if this type of calculation is ...
6
votes
3answers
245 views

Upon whom do we call? Reconciling OT & NT

This question was spurred on by my interaction with another related question on BHSE It appears as though two different names being called upon for Salvation; yet, there is only one whereby we may ...
6
votes
2answers
345 views

How should πονηρός be translated in Matthew 7:11, and why?

Matthew 7:7 “Ask, and it will be given you; search, and you will find; knock, and the door will be opened for you. 8 For everyone who asks receives, and everyone who searches finds, and for everyone ...
5
votes
2answers
126 views

Should Q be considered a Gospel?

According to Wikipedia Q source is sometimes called the Q Gospel. My understanding of Q though is that it is proposed mostly as a collection of sayings. Is it proper to call it a "Gospel"? Why or why ...
3
votes
1answer
154 views

Does the greek word απαυγασμα indicate the person of Christ, or just his qualities?

απαυγασμα is radiance: The Son is the radiance of God’s glory and the exact representation of his being, sustaining all things by his powerful word. After he had provided purification for sins, he ...
0
votes
1answer
72 views

Does the Greek verb ὑπακούω generally imply faith?

I noticed the Greek verb ὑπακοῦσαι (hypakousai), a conjugation of the root verb ὑπακούω (hypakouō), is translated as "[to] answer" in Acts 12:13: Peter knocked at the outer entrance, and a servant ...
8
votes
1answer
138 views

What signs does Q show of stages of composition?

Regarding the Jesus Seminar, N.T. Wright writes in Jesus and the Victory of God: Great reliance has been placed on the work of John Kloppenborg, who has painstakingly analysed the Q material into ...
3
votes
2answers
67 views

What is the relationship between the Synoptics and the Gospel of Thomas?

I know the Jesus Seminar held that Q and the Gospel of Thomas were prior in composition to the writing of the Synoptics. Is this still a dominant view among scholars (as far as Thomas)? What can be ...
4
votes
3answers
9k views

What is “apocalyptic” literature?

What are the characteristics of what is called "apocalyptic" literature? Why would an author use this literary style? Does apocalyptic literature envision the end of the cosmos? If not, what kind(s) ...
2
votes
2answers
239 views

Was casting the lot in Acts 1:26 a vote or a lottery?

When choosing a replacement for Judas, there are two candidates, and in Acts 1:26, we read (ESV): And they cast lots for them, and the lot fell on Matthias, and he was numbered with the eleven ...
4
votes
1answer
79 views

What is the difference between ζωὴ and ψυχὴ?

The word "life" appears in most translations of John 12:25 three times. For example, in the ESV: Whoever loves his life loses it, and whoever hates his life in this world will keep it for eternal ...
4
votes
2answers
290 views

What is Paul's advice on anger?

Paul writes: Be angry and do not sin; do not let the sun go down on your anger, and give no opportunity to the devil.—Ephesians 4:26-27 (ESV) The first issue I see is that the first clause ...
7
votes
2answers
4k views

Why were the Ten Commandments written on two tablets?

When Moses is given the Ten Commandments they are apparently written on two tablets: He declared to you his covenant, the Ten Commandments, which he commanded you to follow and then wrote them on ...
8
votes
3answers
438 views

Who was Nimrod?

In the middle of an otherwise repetitive genealogy in Genesis 10, one man is especially singled out: Cush was the father of Nimrod, who became a mighty warrior on the earth. He was a mighty hunter ...
6
votes
1answer
291 views

What were the major objections that Augustine had with Jerome's translation of the Hebrew Bible?

I was having a discussion with someone who insisted that one of the major reasons I thought that Augustine objected to Jerome's translation of the Septuagint was completely not true. He argued that ...
0
votes
3answers
208 views

Esther 4:14 observation & translation

How should Esther 4:14 be translated and understood? For if you keep silent at this time, relief and deliverance will rise for the Jews from another place, but you and your father's house will ...
13
votes
3answers
2k views

Why does the Septuagint contain non-Tanakh books?

The deuterocanonical books, treated as part of the Bible by the Orthodox and Catholic churches, are accepted because they appear in the Septuagint. However, they are excluded from the Jewish Bible, ...
5
votes
2answers
15k views

Where does the Tanakh differ from the Christian Old Testament?

Relating to this question: Is the Jewish Tanakh same as the 'Old Testament' which Christians use? Do they contain the same books and is the textual content same? If not where do they differ?
7
votes
6answers
2k views

Before the Tower of Babel did all speak Hebrew as the original human language?

I find it fascinating that rabbinic literature suggests that Hebrew was the original human language. I have seen Christian authors also argue the same. For example, from the Jewish Encyclopedia: ...
4
votes
0answers
54 views

Meaning of N .. N+1 pattern in Amos, Proverbs, Job and Psalms [duplicate]

In the first couple of chapters of Amos, we see a number of proclamations from God that all begin with (all ESV) "For three transgressions of [region/group], and for four, I will not revoke the ...
4
votes
1answer
86 views

Recensions of the Septuagint

Can someone explain to me what the 6 "recensions" of the Septuagint were? Also, how do we know about them? What sort of access do we have to each of them?
10
votes
1answer
2k views

What are the seven middoth (Hillel's rules for interpretation)?

The "middoth" were Rabbi Hillel's rules for interpretation. There are seven of them. What are they? Please list them and include one or two clear examples for each.
7
votes
3answers
216 views

Does Genesis contain a “death sandwich”?

Recently David Musgrave of Amridge University and Gordon Rugg of Keele University presented research that suggests the entire book of Genesis contains an inclusio on the words "life" and "death". ...
4
votes
1answer
284 views

What can we infer about archangel(s) from the text of the Bible? [closed]

Among the Christians I know it is believed that Michael is the only Archangel because only he is mentioned as being one (I realize the flaw, but believed nonetheless). However, there are several ...
7
votes
4answers
551 views

Was the word ἐπιούσιον used prior to the Lord's prayer? What does it mean?

The word ἐπιούσιον has been translated in numerous ways, but the greatest modern consensus is to translate the word as 'daily.' Was the word ἐπιούσιον used prior to the Lord's prayer (Matthew 6:11; ...
8
votes
2answers
356 views

Was nûn deleted from Psalm 145 in the Masoretic Text?

Psalm 145 is an acrostic of the Hebrew alphabet, except that in most of the MT manuscripts verse 13b is missing along with therefore the letter nûn. The ESV renders it like this: Your kingdom is an ...
1
vote
3answers
519 views

What is the difference in meaning between Χριστός Ἰησοῦς and Ἰησοῦς Χριστός?

In the New Testament, sometimes the authors use Χριστός Ἰησοῦς ("Christ Jesus"), where Χριστός precedes Ἰησοῦς, yet other times they use Ἰησοῦς Χριστός ("Jesus Christ"). What is the difference in ...
6
votes
2answers
157 views

What does “Scripture” in the NT refer to?

This is in follow-up to this Q & A Paul wrote the following passage in II Timothy 3: 14 But you must continue in the things which you have learned and been assured of, knowing from whom ...
5
votes
2answers
142 views

Why did the commanders put their garments under Jehu?

In 2 Kings 9 we read (ESV): 11 When Jehu came out to the servants of his master, they said to him, “Is all well? Why did this mad fellow come to you?” And he said to them, “You know the fellow and ...
8
votes
2answers
161 views

Where did that camel come from?

Psalm 13, verse 6, second hemistich, reads: אָשִירָה לַיהוָה, כִּי גָמַל עָלָי Which is to say, "I will sing to G-d, because there is a camel upon me." Can anyone offer a hermeneutic ...
3
votes
1answer
295 views

Who is it that “wills” in 1 Corinthians 12:11?

I'm not concerned with anything but what 1 Corinthians 12:11 and the immediate context states. Greek text of Stephanus 1550: πάντα δὲ ταῦτα ἐνεργεῖ τὸ ἓν καὶ τὸ αὐτὸ πνεῦμα διαιροῦν ἰδίᾳ ἑκάστῳ ...
7
votes
4answers
1k views

What, if any, is the significance of the color of the cord that Rahab hung out of her window?

Joshua 2 describes Rahab's concealment of the Hebrew spies. Vv. 18 Unless, when we enter the land, you have tied this scarlet cord in the window through which you let us down, and unless you have ...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

How would Elisha plowing with 12 oxen have been understood at the time of writing?

In 1 Kings 19 we see Elijah finds Elisha plowing with 12 yoke of oxen. What would this have said about Elisha to the people of the time? Note: I'm not looking for a modern allegorical answer about ...
2
votes
4answers
845 views

Should The Creation Story in Genesis Be Understood as Metaphorical?

I have been lead to understand that the creation story of Genesis should be read as metaphorical and not literal. However, there seems to be abundant evidence that the ancients understood the story ...
4
votes
2answers
553 views

Why did Elisha rebuke Gehazi for things he did not accept from Naaman?

In 2 Kings 5:26 (ESV): ...“Did not my heart go when the man turned from his chariot to meet you? Was it a time to accept money and garments, olive orchards and vineyards, sheep and oxen, male ...
2
votes
1answer
173 views

Who is the bride of Christ?

If the church is the bride of Christ" Eph. 5, II Cor. 11:2: I am jealous for you with godly jealousy. For I have betrothed you to one husband, that I may present you as a chaste virgin to ...
3
votes
2answers
620 views

Was Abimelech's mother an Israelite?

Gideon's sons... and Abimelech Gideon had many sons: Now Gideon had seventy sons who were his direct descendants, for he had many wives. His concubine who was in Shechem also bore him a son, and ...
4
votes
2answers
259 views

A word for the fallacy of assuming whatever brings God the most glory is the correct interpretation a text?

I ran across the word somewhere in my reading, but I can't find it. It is a word that has the idea that it is not right to assume that an answer to any given question is right because it is assumed to ...
1
vote
1answer
3k views

What is the “Light” of Genesis 1:3?

In Genesis 1:3 (ESV), it is written, And God said, "Let there be light," and there was light. The Hebrew word which is translated into English as "light" is אֹור (or) (Strong's H216). Is ...
2
votes
2answers
95 views

Is their a name for a hermeneutic that includes experiential esthetics as a criteria of truthful exegesis?

This question is about the experience of a text. It is therefore a little lengthy because I have to provide some sample experience that I mean. Background: As a young man I was introduced to a ...
13
votes
5answers
16k views

What is the difference in the Kingdom of Heaven and the Kingdom of God?

Some assert the Kingdom of Heaven and the Kingdom of God refer to the same thing while others say they are different. Which is accurate? For example: Luke 17:21 uses Kingdom of God while Matthew ...
4
votes
4answers
255 views

Is synoptic parallelism a valid hermeneutic?

I'll give an example: Matt. 4:17 (KJV) From that time Jesus began to preach, and to say, Repent: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand. Mark 1:15 (KJV) And saying, The time is fulfilled, and ...
5
votes
1answer
71 views

Is John 16:31 meant to be a question?

In the 1984 NIV, Jesus replies to his disciples in John 16:31 saying, "You believe at last!" However, there is also a footnote on the verse, "Or Do you now believe?" In the 2011 NIV, however, the ...
5
votes
2answers
962 views

What does John 12:40 mean?

I'm just going to post the King James Version. Feel free to reference your preferred version at your leisure. John 12:40 He hath blinded their eyes, and hardened their heart; that they should not ...
3
votes
2answers
527 views

Why does everyone in John misunderstand Jesus?

Jesus seems to be misunderstood pretty consistently throughout the Gospel According to John: John 2:19-20 Jesus answered them, “Destroy this temple, and I will raise it again in three days.” ...
4
votes
2answers
170 views

Is the statement about love and obedience in John 14:15 an imperative or an indicative?

In the 1984 NIV, Jesus says in John 14:15: If you love me, you will obey what I command. But in the 2011 revision, the same sentence is rendered: If you love me, keep my commands. This ...
10
votes
4answers
4k views

What is blasphemy against the Holy Spirit?

Mark 3:20-30 contains a familiar passage with a long debated phrase: 3:20 Now Jesus went home, and a crowd gathered so that they were not able to eat. 21 When his family heard this they went out ...

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