2
votes
1answer
131 views

In Romans 2:4, is καταφρονέω more properly translated as 'presume' or 'despise'?

Question: In Romans 2:4, is καταφρονέω more properly translated into English as 'presume' or 'despise'? Details: This is a key point that Paul is making, but since 'presume' and 'despise' are two ...
5
votes
2answers
520 views

Was John the Baptist confused or mistaken about the nature of Jesus' ministry?

John preached a message of imminent judgment: Luke 3:7-9 John said to the crowds that came out to be baptized by him, "You brood of vipers! Who warned you to flee from the wrath to come? Bear ...
7
votes
3answers
967 views

Was the Beloved Disciple the author of the Fourth Gospel?

One very common interpretation of the Gospel of John is that the Beloved Disciple was the author of the book. (Presumably, he was interested in obscuring his identity for some reason.) But other ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

Who was the Beloved Disciple?

According to Wikipedia: The Gospel [of John]'s authorship is anonymous. Its Chapter 21 states it derives from the testimony of the 'disciple whom Jesus loved.' Along with Peter, the unnamed ...
9
votes
2answers
3k views

Why pray, “lead us not into temptation”?

Those famous words from The Lord's Prayer, Matthew 6:13: And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from the evil one. I find puzzling. Why would anyone ask God not to lead is into ...
10
votes
4answers
3k views

Can we tell from the text who wrote Hebrews?

I have pondered who wrote Hebrews for some time. In my studies, I have eliminated Paul for two reasons. 1) The style of Greek is different than the way Paul writes in his letters. It's a higher ...
2
votes
3answers
216 views

How did Manoah know his visitor was the angel of the LORD?

Judges 13 strongly parallels Genesis 18. I my question about that passage was how Abraham was able to determine that the person he was talking to was God so quickly. This time, I have the opposite ...
9
votes
1answer
175 views

Does the Shibboleth story help us date the book of Judges?

This story has always fascinated me: Judges 12:4-6 (ESV) 4 Then Jephthah gathered all the men of Gilead and fought with Ephraim. And the men of Gilead struck Ephraim, because they said, “You are ...
7
votes
5answers
11k views

What is the “hidden manna” and the “white stone”?

From Revelation 2:17: He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches. To him who overcomes, I will give some of the hidden manna. I will also give him a white stone with a ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

Why does David mourn the death of his adult son Absalom and not the death of his baby son?

When David's son from Bathsheba died David stopped mourning and got up and ate, stating that nothing could be done for his son now: [21] Then his servants said to him, “What is this thing that you ...
11
votes
3answers
8k views

Jacob's name is Israel. So why is he still called Jacob?

When born, Jacob is given the name "Jacob" meaning, "trickster, supplanter, heel grabber." After he wrestles at Jabbok, he is renamed "Israel" meaning "strives with God." However, after this ...
6
votes
1answer
4k views

Original meaning of the expression “sexual immorality” in modern translations of Hebrew Bible

A modern tool will translate the Hebrew ערוה as “unchastity”, “nakedness” or “incest”. This term is translated in modern versions as “sexual immorality”, but that expression is very vague. In old ...
9
votes
5answers
2k views

Has the meaning of “Love” changed enough to warrant substitutions in Bible translations?

The culturally accepted uses of the word "Love" seem to be a trite shadow of its biblical meaning. Common use of "Love" is now interchangeable with "Like," "Enjoy," or "Emotionally attachment" of ...
8
votes
3answers
724 views

Was Deborah considered a sub-optimal leader?

I've sometimes heard that Deborah was allowed to be a leader of Israel only because no man stepped up to the responsibility. However, when she is introduced there is no indication of that: ...
4
votes
1answer
133 views

Separation of Luke-Acts

Does anyone know of any recent Biblical scholars who advocate for a position that separates Luke and Acts (from an interpretive point of view)? edit: Many scholars view Luke and Acts as an ...
13
votes
4answers
784 views

Was Noah absolutely blameless or relatively good?

This is the line of Noah.—Noah was a righteous man; he was blameless in his age; Noah walked with God.—Noah begot three sons: Shem, Ham, and Japheth. The earth became corrupt ...
5
votes
1answer
248 views

What is the order of events of Nahum and Jonah?

I was reading the book of Nahum and it was speaking about Ninevah. Is the book of Nahum foretelling the destruction of Ninevah, for which the people of Ninevah averted by repenting of their sins, or ...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

At what point did Abraham know he was talking to God in Genesis 18?

At the start of the story in Genesis 18, Abraham does not seem to know who the three men are: Looking up, he saw three men standing near him. As soon as he saw them, he ran from the entrance of ...
12
votes
6answers
22k views

What is the significance of '14 generations' in Matthew’s account of Jesus's genealogy?

After giving Jesus's genealogy in the first chapter, Matthew goes on to point out the number of generations between significant events: Thus there were fourteen generations in all from Abraham to ...
2
votes
1answer
339 views

Request for parallels between Psalms and Proverbs

Can someone either post themselves or give me a link to a somewhat detailed comparison between Psalms and Proverbs where fairly word for word parallels are found? I am looking for all the instances ...
5
votes
1answer
285 views

Is there an implied connection between Abraham's circumcision and his fertility?

God establishes a covenant between Himself and Abram while simultaneously instituting the practice of circumcision in Genesis 17:3-14 (NJPS): Abram threw himself on his face; and God spoke to him ...
0
votes
1answer
644 views

Do the 'sons of Jacob' or 'sons of Israel' refer to only Jews, or also Christians and Muslims?

There is a song by Damian Marley that refers to "The sleeping sons of Jacob". I looked up 'Sons of Jacob' on Wikipedia and now understand them to represent the 12 tribes of Israel. Here's an ...
9
votes
4answers
3k views

Are Job's friends the voice of the Accuser?

I have often struggled with the book of Job, wondering what rubric should guide my interpretation as I read through the speeches of Job's "friends". They say so much that is "true" (so much that ...
5
votes
4answers
1k views

Comma? “Verily I say unto thee today, …” or “Verily I say unto thee, today…”

The reading of Luke 23:43 differs depending on how we punctuate it: And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, Today shalt thou be with me in paradise. Or And Jesus said unto him, ...
5
votes
3answers
383 views

Why are fathers missing in Mark 10:30?

Mark 10:29 mentions father, but Mark 10:30 doesn't. Jesus said, “Truly, I say to you, there is no one who has left house or brothers or sisters or mother or father or children or lands, for my ...
1
vote
1answer
131 views

How many resurrection hours does Jesus refer to in John 5:25-29?

In John 5:25-29 we read: “Truly, truly, I say to you, an hour is coming, and is now here, when the dead will hear the voice of the Son of God, and those who hear will live. For as the Father has ...
10
votes
6answers
10k views

What is the significance of 153 fish?

John 21:11 Simon Peter climbed aboard and dragged the net ashore. It was full of large fish, 153, but even with so many the net was not torn. Is there any significance to the number 153? Or ...
11
votes
6answers
5k views

What are the “household gods” Rachel stole from Laban?

When Jacob flees from Laban, Rachel steals his household gods. When Laban had gone to shear his sheep, Rachel stole her father’s household gods. Genesis 31:19 (NIV) Jacob seems pretty ...
2
votes
3answers
547 views

Accurate translations of original scripts/text

I've been on what is becoming quite the mission to find the most accurate translation of Daniel 9:23-27 (or the (Tenach/OT) bible in general) of the most original scripts/text available. It seems like ...
-2
votes
2answers
89 views

Is it valid to use Matthew 10 in reference to end times?

I've heard people use Matthew 10:16-25 as a prophecy regarding the end times. Matthew 10:16-25 NET “I am sending you out like sheep surrounded by wolves, so be wise as serpents and innocent ...
5
votes
3answers
732 views

Peter's Denial and the Rooster Crowing

In Matthew 26:34, we see Jesus telling Peter that before rooster crows, you will disown me three times: “Truly I tell you,” Jesus answered, “this very night, before the rooster crows, you will disown ...
5
votes
3answers
119 views

Does Paul intend that what follows after 1 Corinthians 7:25a have less authority?

In some of Paul's writings, he maintains that his teachings have the authority of God the Father and Jesus Christ. But in 1st Corinthians 7:25, Paul specifically states that his next advice comes not ...
3
votes
2answers
102 views

Do any Hermeneutical approaches provide an explanation of the limited information on Shamgar the Judge?

Shamgar is mentioned only twice in the bible, Judges 3:31 and an oblique reference in Judges 5:6. It is striking in that certain facts are made completely plain such as the number of Philistines he ...
3
votes
2answers
65 views

Could the usage of the word “fish” be considered evidence for a later and more figurative writing of the gospels?

Per certain church teachings, the early church used the Icthus symbol as a recognization tool for other believers. The gospels as written also feature a large amount of fish imagery. Does this ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

What is the significance of Moses being called a “bridegroom of blood?”

In Exodus 4:24–26 the story is recounted of Moses' failure or delay in circumcising his son, and Zipporah stepping in herself to perform the right, saving Moses' life. I am aware some theologians ...
1
vote
2answers
642 views

Do any Hermeneutical approaches have a specific meaning for the number 11?

I have read that in biblical numerology the number 11 indicates a system or period given to chaos or disorganization, and a survey of the text seems to bear this out. See, for example: Meaning of ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

Which Hermeneutical schema support individual portions of texts taken out of order?

The "Roman Road" is a common evangelistic tool that features quoting 5 passages from Romans out of textual order (3:23, 6:23, 5:8, 10:13, 10:9-10.) This has been rejected by some because of the small ...
6
votes
1answer
134 views

What is the Hermeneutical significance of the lack of direct mention of God in Esther?

It is a fairly well-known piece of trivia that Esther (minus the apocryphal chapters) is the only book of the bible that does not directly mention God. Which of the accepted schools of Hermeneutics ...
7
votes
1answer
145 views

Which experts believe Paul “lost” his arguments in 1st Corinthians.

I read on a layman's site about a theory that much of the "reconciliation" in 2nd Corinthians was actually Paul attempting to patch up his relationship with the Corinthian church after his ...
2
votes
1answer
147 views

Are there intra-textual supports for a politicized reading of Revelation?

I've just read Nelson Kraybill's "Apocalypse and Allegiance" and have become fascinated by the idea of Revelation as a political manifesto concealed as apocalyptic literature in the style of Daniel. ...
8
votes
4answers
2k views

Is the “captain of the Lord's host” an angel or God Himself?

After Joshua and the people of Israel crossed over the Jordan and before they assaulted Jericho, Joshua had this strange encounter: Once, when Joshua was near Jericho, he looked up and saw a man ...
10
votes
6answers
2k views

Why does Noah curse Canaan?

Genesis 9:23-25 NLT, reads, Then Shem and Japheth took a robe, held it over their shoulders, and backed into the tent to cover their father. As they did this, they looked the other way so they ...
5
votes
5answers
567 views

The beloved disciple vs Peter

I was reading a book by Andreas Köstenberger and he points out that in the Fourth Gospel, the beloved disciple is depicted at least several times as having greater access to knowledge as compared ...
10
votes
3answers
1k views

Why does Matthew double people?

Matthew seems to mention two people (or animals) where other Gospels mention just one, e.g. two demon possessed men, in Matthew 8:28-34 (compare Mark 5:1-17 and Luke 8:26-39) two blind men, in ...
8
votes
2answers
440 views

What was Ruth's legal status?

I apologize in advance for the length of the question. The book of Ruth is incredibly romantic and powerful, but I don't understand the legal portion of the drama: Now Boaz had gone up to the ...
8
votes
1answer
440 views

Was Goliath killed twice?

In 2 Samuel, we are told that Goliath was killed by Elhanan: 19 In another battle with the Philistines at Gob, Elhanan son of Jaare-Oregim the Bethlehemite killed Goliath the Gittite, who had a ...
9
votes
5answers
994 views

Misleading “but” in Matthew 5:22 KJV?

But I say unto you, That whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment: and whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be in danger of the council: ...
5
votes
2answers
213 views

Is “calling on the name of the Lord” in Acts 9 literal or figurative?

How did Paul fetch out the followers of Jesus in Acts 9? I've always thought that it was simply their practice of calling on the name of the Lord (precisely "Jesus") aloud as the phrase "calling on ...
5
votes
3answers
164 views

How does Paul answer the charge that God is not just?

Soldarnal asked a question about what charge Paul is defending God against in Romans 9:14. Assuming the charge is that God is unjust because chooses to love some and hate others on the basis of His ...
5
votes
8answers
5k views

What is the “first resurrection”?

Finishing up the year in the Bible, I heard this passage: Then I saw thrones, and seated on them were those to whom the authority to judge was committed. Also I saw the souls of those who had been ...

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