5
votes
1answer
519 views

Deliver us from “evil” or “the evil one” – help from the Semitists?

Matthew 6:13 ESV And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil. But NIV And do not lead us into temptation, but deliver us from the evil one. UBS5 καὶ μὴ εἰσενέγκῃς ἡμᾶς ...
6
votes
1answer
661 views

Was John the Baptist a member of the Essene community at Qumran?

This paper by Alan Farnes is one of many that have identified John’s appropriation of Isaiah 40:3 as reminiscent of the Qumran documents (a.k.a. Dead Sea Scrolls): John 1:23 (ESV) He said, “I am ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

Why does John the Baptist deny being “Elijah”?

So Malachi rather cryptically ends with “See, I will send the prophet Elijah to you before that great and dreadful day of the Lord comes. He will turn the hearts of the parents to their ...
1
vote
2answers
92 views

The Lord Needs It - How did the owners perceive the word Lord? [duplicate]

How did the owners of the colt perceive the Word for Lord? And if anyone asks you, ‘Why are you loosing it?’ thus you shall say to him, ‘Because the Lord has need of it.’” 32 So those who were ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Assessments of the evidence for the “Gap Theory” reading of Genesis 1:1-2?

Ever since the emergence of an understanding of "geological time" in the 18th Century, there has been a perceived tension with the six-day account of creation in Genesis 1 -- at least, if those "days" ...
8
votes
6answers
10k views

What does the oil in the ten virgins parable represent?

The parable of the ten virgins is found in Matthew 25:1-12. Verses 8-9 (ESV) read: And the foolish said to the wise, ‘Give us some of your oil, for our lamps are going out.’ But the wise ...
4
votes
1answer
101 views

Accurate translation of הִתְעֵתֶים in Jeremiah 42:20

Jeremiah 42:20 (BHS): כִּ֣י הִתְעֵתֶים בְּנַפְשֹֽׁותֵיכֶם֒ כִּֽי־אַתֶּ֞ם שְׁלַחְתֶּ֣ם אֹתִ֗י אֶל־יְהוָ֤ה אֱלֹֽהֵיכֶם֙ לֵאמֹ֔ר הִתְפַּלֵּ֣ל בַּעֲדֵ֔נוּ אֶל־יְהוָ֖ה אֱלֹהֵ֑ינוּ וּכְכֹל֩ אֲשֶׁ֨ר ...
6
votes
1answer
350 views

Matthew 10:28 - Is there anything linguistic to support eternal torment in this verse?

In Matthew 10:28 is there anything linguistic to support eternal torment in this verse? The natural interpretation obviously is that this teaches annihilationism since he uses the word "destroy" not ...
1
vote
2answers
138 views

About prophesies in the Book of Daniel

In Daniel 12:4, it says in the Old King James version: ...many shall run to and fro, and knowledge shall be increased. But in the New International Version it reads: Many will go here and ...
2
votes
2answers
700 views

What does Luke 18:8 mean, and how is “faith” used in this context?

Luke 18:8 reads, Nevertheless when the Son of man cometh, shall he find faith on the earth? The word for "faith" used is πίστιν, which seems to denote an 'active present sense', given the many ...
6
votes
2answers
254 views

“Pass over” or “cover over” in Exodus 12?

Exodus 12:13b (ESV) And when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and no plague will befall you to destroy you, when I strike the land of Egypt. Exodus 12:13b (BHS) וְרָאִ֨יתִי֙ ...
1
vote
1answer
304 views

Psalm 23:6 correct translation

In Psalm 23:6, the וְשַׁבְתִּ֥י (dwell, return), is Qal, Perfect aspect, yet all translate in the future "will dwell" or will return." Is it because the context?
7
votes
1answer
175 views

Does James 5:12 begin a new thought or conclude a previous thought?

The rhetoric of James 5:12 seems to indicate that some sort of conclusion is being reached: But above all, my brothers, do not swear, either by heaven or by earth or by any other oath, but let ...
4
votes
2answers
207 views

“Surely not” vs “not surely” in Genesis 3:4

Davïd recently provided an explanation of the infinitive absolute in Genesis 2:16, noting the recurrence of the construction in 2:17: "you shall surely die" = inf. abs. (môt, "die") and finite ...
4
votes
2answers
212 views

Calculating months and weeks in the Mosaic Law

Is the Law of Moses based on the lunar calendar? According to Genesis 8:3-4 the ark of Noah rested on Mount Ararat "on the 17th day of the seventh month." Genesis 8:3-4 (NASB) 3 and the water ...
2
votes
2answers
312 views

Why did Job receive “Gold Rings” from his friends?

At the end of the book of Job,after Job has prayed for his friends Job 42:10-11 it is written that each of Job's friends gave him a piece of silver and a gold ring, (NIV) All his brothers and ...
5
votes
0answers
103 views

How are statistical comparisons between bible translations calculated?

(This arose from this question which was in turn triggered by this answer.) Quoting Jack Douglas quoting Wayne Grudem: In "The advantages of the ESV” by Wayne Grudem, he states that the 2001 ...
6
votes
3answers
235 views

Acts 20:28 variants, what are the six variants?

I have been doing a lot of reading of books from the 1700s and 1800s on google books, and I came across a claim that there are 6 different variants in Acts 20:28. (Sorry, don't remember exactly where ...
2
votes
4answers
543 views

Praying with spirit and understanding, simultaneously or sequentially?

In 1 Cor 14:15, does Paul say he will pray with both spirit and understanding (at the same time), or that he will pray with each (at different times)? Specifically, when Paul says he will "pray with ...
12
votes
1answer
230 views

Statistically, how similar is the NIV to other translations such as the RSV?

In "The advantages of the ESV" by Wayne Grudem, he states that the 2001 edition of the ESV is "92% RSV, 8% modified, or 60,000 words" (from the RSV): This sounds like strong confirmation of the ...
2
votes
0answers
101 views

Is there a difference between “punishment” and “discipline”? [closed]

In this question on Christianity.SE, I asked if there is Scriptural passages that support the idea that God does not punish those who are in Christ, in the sense of intervening to cause negative ...
2
votes
3answers
522 views

Why does the ESV use “surely” in Genesis 2:16 when all others say “freely”?

Someone has brought it to my attention that the ESV deviates from all other English translations in Genesis 2:16 by changing "freely" to "surely." The ESV is heavily endorsed by Calvinist pastors, so ...
5
votes
2answers
246 views

John 21:15: “do you love me more than…?”

John 21:15a reads NA28 Ὅτε οὖν ἠρίστησαν λέγει τῷ Σίμωνι Πέτρῳ ὁ Ἰησοῦς· Σίμων Ἰωάννου, ἀγαπᾷς με πλέον τούτων; ESV When they had finished breakfast, Jesus said to Simon Peter, “Simon, son ...
9
votes
3answers
679 views

What kind of desire was given to Eve?

Genesis 3:16 NIV - To the woman he said, "I will make your pains in childbearing very severe; with painful labor you will give birth to children. Your desire will be for your husband, and ...
2
votes
3answers
233 views

How to reconcile God's promise to Abraham with the current Jewish population?

The current Jewish population in the world is c. 14 million (c. 0.2% of the world's population). In Gn 15:5, God asks Abraham to [l]ook toward heaven, and number the stars, if you he was able to ...
3
votes
4answers
458 views

How can the translation of δοξης as “glory” in Romans 3:23 be justified?

According to Liddell and Scott’s Intermediate Greek Lexicon (also called Middle Liddell) the word δόξα or δοξης can mean: expectation, an opinion, judgment, the opinion which others have of one, ...
6
votes
4answers
2k views

Did Judas repent or feel remorse?

Matthew 27:3 NIV - When Judas, who had betrayed him, saw that Jesus was condemned, he was seized with remorse and returned the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and the elders. ...
0
votes
1answer
213 views

Chapter and verse numbers in Greek vs Hebrew/Aramaic [closed]

What differences in chapter and verse numbers are between Greek and Hebrew/Aramaic? For instance here, differences are scattered in footnotes of each chapter. Where to find a list of all differences ...
3
votes
2answers
95 views

Haggai 1:6 - Thirsty vs Drunk

Haggai 1:6 (NLT): You have planted much but harvest little. You eat but are not satisfied. You drink but are still thirsty. You put on clothes but cannot keep warm. Your wages disappear as though ...
4
votes
3answers
325 views

Can there be any eschatological claim made from 1 Samuel 28:19, concerning Saul in the afterlife?

1 Samuel 28:19 (ESV): "Moreover, the LORD will give Israel also with you into the hand of the Philistines, and tomorrow you and your sons shall be with me. The LORD will give the army of Israel also ...
4
votes
1answer
87 views

Who were the “all” distributed to in Acts 2?

Acts 2:44-45: And all those who had believed were together and had all things in common; and they began selling their property and possessions and were sharing them with all, as anyone might have ...
3
votes
2answers
214 views

Is stewardship of the earth a modern interpretation?

I've heard from a Christian that the Bible talks about God giving stewardship over the earth. That is, not just an entitlement to use the earth, but a responsibility to maintain it wisely. When I ...
9
votes
2answers
428 views

In Genesis 3, does the serpent's curse include a demotion?

In Genesis 1, three broad categories of creatures are brought into being before the creation of man: 24And God said, “Let the earth bring forth living creatures according to their kinds—livestock ...
2
votes
0answers
61 views

What version of the Bible is translated closest to or directly from the original languages of the texts? [duplicate]

I have for some time now looked at many versions of the Bible to come to the conclusion that most of the translations that try to interpret the text from the original Aramaic, Hebrew, and Greek ...
3
votes
1answer
175 views

What does this seemingly physical “glory of the Lord” mean?

Many passages, such as the following two from Ezekiel, refer to "the glory of the Lord" in a way that seems as if it were a physical thing. How can we understand these verses? Then the Spirit ...
0
votes
0answers
55 views

Is Paul quoting the “Apocrypha” in Colossians 1:17? [duplicate]

Sirach 43:26 (KJV) “By him the end of them hath prosperous success, and by his word all things consist.” Colossians 1:17 (KJV) “And he is before all things, and by him all things consist.” Is Sirach ...
4
votes
3answers
164 views

Is Paul quoting the “Apocrypha” in Colossians 1:17?

Sirach 43:26 (KJV) “By him the end of them hath prosperous success, and by his word all things consist.” Colossians 1:17 (KJV) “And he is before all things, and by him all things consist.” ...
1
vote
1answer
562 views

αρσενοκοίτης (Arsenokoites): Compound words in Greek

In two texts in The Bible, the word αρσενοκοίτης (Arsenokoites) appears. 1 Corinthians 6:9-11 Or do you not know that the unrighteous will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived; ...
2
votes
1answer
349 views

How to understand Leviticus 18:22 and 20:13

In Leviticus, there are two different texts which deal with homosexual intercourse. The first is in 18:22 and the second in 20:13 (all citations NIV): Lev 18:22: Do not have sexual relations with ...
10
votes
3answers
396 views

What were the translators of the LXX thinking in rendering “virgin” in Isaiah 7:14?

Obviously we can not know for certain what they were thinking, but with some knowledge about ancient interpretations of this text and the translation philosophy employed by the LXX, I suspect someone ...
7
votes
1answer
212 views

Does Isaiah 7:14 indicate that the young woman is already pregnant?

Isaiah 7:14b (WLC) הִנֵּ֣ה הָעַלְמָ֗ה הָרָה֙ וְיֹלֶ֣דֶת בֵּ֔ן וְקָרָ֥את שְׁמֹ֖ו עִמָּ֥נוּ אֵֽל׃ Very roughly, "Behold, the-young-woman [to-be] pregnant and-bearing son..."1 The majority of ...
2
votes
1answer
301 views

The book of Daniel

Is there a paleographic difference in style from Daniel chapters 9, 10, 11, and 12, since many scholars attempt to date Daniel as a second century work, based on the details of chapter 11? Could ...
5
votes
1answer
635 views

Why did Barnabas bring Paul to Antioch?

Paul had fled Jerusalem and gone to Tarsus (Acts 9:28-30). Later (Acts 11:22-26): News of this [Jews and Gentiles following Jesus in Antioch] reached the church in Jerusalem, and they sent ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

How can Paul (Saul), be considered a “young man” when Stephen was stoned?

Acts 7:58: Then they dragged him [Stephen] out of the city and began to stone him, and the witnesses placed their garments at the feet of a young man named Saul. However, Paul was likely born ...
6
votes
5answers
4k views

What is “the law of liberty” in James 2:12?

James mentions the law of liberty in v12 of this passage of scripture: James 2:9-13 8 If ye fulfil the royal law according to the scripture, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself, ye do well: ...
10
votes
1answer
253 views

How did Ecclesiastes come to be associated with Sukkot?

The five scrolls are noted for their liturgical use, being traditionally read on various holidays. Some of the connections seem rather straight forward (e.g. Esther on Purim or Lamentations on the ...
6
votes
1answer
83 views

Does Song on Songs 6:13 refer to “the perfect one” or “the Shulammite”?

Song of Songs 6:13a (ESV) reads: Return, return, O Shulammite, return, return, that we may look upon you. Most translations have some version of “the Shulammite [woman/maiden],” (a near ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

What is the difference between a “literal” and “literalistic” interpretation of Scripture?

I've seen a number of people try to distinguish their "literal" interpretation from a "literalistic" interpretation of Scripture (e.g. Vanhoozer in "Is There a Meaning in this Text?"). What is the ...
3
votes
2answers
237 views

Isaiah 7:15: to whom does this verse refer?

According to Matthew 1:23, Isaiah 7:14 is a reference to the Lord Jesus Christ. However, Isaiah 7:15 (NET) reads: He will eat sour milk and honey, which will help him know how to reject evil and ...
1
vote
0answers
43 views

Does the use of 'Christ Jesus' have any special significance? [duplicate]

In some places, Jesus is referred to as 'Jesus Christ', whereas in others He is referred to as 'Christ Jesus'. Is there any special significance to this?

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