11
votes
4answers
4k views

Revelation 21:21 - How can gold appear clear?

"And the twelve gates were twelve pearls; each one of the gates was a single pearl. And the street of the city was pure gold, like transparent glass." (Revelation 21:21 NASB) How are we to ...
-2
votes
3answers
322 views

Under a Christian exegesis, is the promise of 'a future Prophet' Jesus, or all prophets culminating in Jesus?

In Deuteronomy, Moses promised that God will raise up 'a prophet': “The Lord your God will raise up for you a prophet like me from among you, from your brothers —it is to him you shall listen ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

What does the word, “World”, mean in John 3:16 ,in the light of John 17:9

John 3:16 “For God so loved the world, that He gave His only ...
2
votes
1answer
135 views

To what extent, if at all, should we look for one-to-one correlations between parables and real life?

The main theological debate concerning parables is whether or not to interpret them allegorically. To give an example of allegorization, here is Augustine's interpretation of the parable of the good ...
13
votes
3answers
1k views

Why does the Septuagint contain non-Tanakh books?

The deuterocanonical books, treated as part of the Bible by the Orthodox and Catholic churches, are accepted because they appear in the Septuagint. However, they are excluded from the Jewish Bible, ...
11
votes
2answers
371 views

What is the “systematic typology” hermeneutic method and how does it work?

There's a hermeneutic method that's been used on this site called "systematic typology". What is it? How does one apply it? Are there contexts where it is considered to be a particularly good or ...
7
votes
5answers
2k views

Synthesizing Differing Translations of Proverbs 18:24

In the King James, Prov. 18:24 reads "A man that hath friends must shew himself friendly: and there is a friend that sticketh closer than a brother." This appears to be an admonition for the reader to ...
3
votes
1answer
311 views

Is Hank Hanegraaff's “exegetical eschatology” hermeneutic original?

I was recently watching a debate on the dating of Revelation in which Hank Hanegraaff made some very interesting arguments in support of his hermeneutic, which he referred to as "exegetical ...
11
votes
3answers
2k views

Who subjected the creation to futility in Rom. 8:20-21?

Paul says that creation was subjected to futility in Romans 8:20-21 ESV: For the creation was subjected to futility, not willingly, but because of him who subjected it, in hope that the creation ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

How did Judas die?

In fact, there are multiple discrepancies between these two verses, what did really happen? Matthew 27:5-8 5 And he cast down the pieces of silver in the temple, and departed, and went and hanged ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

What are the arguments in favor of Matthean Priority?

The synoptic problem refers to scholars' attempts to understand the relationship among the gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke (known as the synoptic gospels because they have so much material in ...
6
votes
2answers
286 views

Is there a difference between the “meaning” and “application” of a text?

Discussing the difference between "meaning" and "application" in the context of Biblical interpretation, Jonathan Pennington asks: [W]hat if two scholars or readers agreed that “Thou shall not ...
1
vote
1answer
184 views

In what sense does God mock or scoff at the wicked?

He who sits in the heavens laughs, the Lord scoffs at them (Psalm 2:4, NASB) In what sense does God mock or scoff at the wicked?
9
votes
1answer
2k views

Is the Gospel of John arranged as a chiasm?

In his book the Literary Structure of the Old Testament, David Dorsey compiles a list of fifteen ways the writers of the Hebrew bible linked narrative units into narrative patterns. One of these ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

What is the significance of “naming” descendants after someone else, e.g. Tamar in 2 Samuel 14?

Is there any significance that David's son Absalom names his only daughter "Tamar" after Absalom's sister named "Tamar"? Also, what is the significance of the name "Tamar" meaning "Palm Tree" as it ...
1
vote
2answers
417 views

What is the meaning of “his own vessel” and “defraud his brother” in 1 Thess 4:3-8?

1 Thes 4:3-8 For this is the will of God, your sanctification: that you should abstain from sexual immorality; that each of you should know how to possess his own vessel in sanctification and ...
0
votes
1answer
193 views

Abraham’s 3 visitors’ Knowledge

Gn 18:1-33 Gn 18:1-15 Twice in a few verses Sarah hears “about this time next year” she’ll have a son. She first overhears the talking visitor tell Abraham that, and she laughs to herself at the ...
5
votes
3answers
3k views

What is the meaning of “water and blood” in 1 John 5:6?

In 1 John 5:6 John uses water and blood as symbolic short hand, clearly expecting his audience to know the meaning of these two liquids. 6 This is the one who came by water and blood—Jesus Christ. ...
1
vote
1answer
227 views

Who purchased the field where Judas died? [duplicate]

According to the original text of Acts 1:18, Judas purchased the field (not acquired/obtained). According to Matthew 27, the chief priests bought it. Acts 1:18 Now this man purchased a field with the ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

Peter's Denial and the Rooster Crowing

In Matthew 26:34, we see Jesus telling Peter that before rooster crows, you will disown me three times: “Truly I tell you,” Jesus answered, “this very night, before the rooster crows, you will disown ...
4
votes
3answers
272 views

In 2 Peter 1:20-21, is Peter referring to all Scripture, or is he referring more specifically to the prophecies that are recorded in Scripture?

2 Peter 1:20-21 says the following (in the NASB): But know this first of all, that no prophecy of Scripture is a matter of one’s own interpretation, for no prophecy was ever made by an act of ...
6
votes
5answers
577 views

Does “learned obedience” imply that Jesus was disobedient?

In Hebrews 5:8 it says that the Son "learned obedience" through what he suffered. Does this imply that he was disobedient at some point, or is there another way to understand it?
3
votes
1answer
70 views

Sarcasm on Mars Hill

Was Paul being sarcastic when he said in the "Sermon on Mars Hill": So Paul stood in the midst of the Areopagus and said, “Men of Athens, I observe that you are very religious in all ...
2
votes
1answer
109 views

What does it mean to see progressive recapitulatory parallelism in Revelation?

In reading the viewpoints of Reformed Theologians I have moved away from seeing Revelation as a strict chronological timeline like that of Dispensationalists. What is recapitulatory parallelism in ...
10
votes
4answers
4k views

What is blasphemy against the Holy Spirit?

Mark 3:20-30 contains a familiar passage with a long debated phrase: 3:20 Now Jesus went home, and a crowd gathered so that they were not able to eat. 21 When his family heard this they went out ...
8
votes
4answers
2k views

How tall was Goliath?

In 1 Samuel 17, David intends to battle against Goliath and ultimately wins by slinging a single stone into his forehead before decapitating him. As Wikipedia can confirm, there are multiple accounts ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

Can John's Passion chronology be reconciled with that of the Synoptics?

Background: Over the centuries, many readers of the four Gospels have seen significant discrepancies between John and the Synoptics, particularly with regards to chronology. This has led many to ...
5
votes
2answers
454 views

Who is the subject of the “rebellion” in 2 Thessalonians 2:3?

In 2 Thessalonians 2:3, Paul begins, "Let no one deceive you in any way. For that day will not come, unless the rebellion comes first..." (ESV empahsis mine). Is there any indication - whether in this ...
5
votes
3answers
283 views

Different translation of “The Great Tribulation?”

I like to frequently cross reference different translations of the Bible (usually Douay-Rheims, KJV, NIV, NASB). I've noticed that the older versions (KJV, Douay Rhiems) of the Revelation 7:14 ...
0
votes
1answer
138 views

Who is the God of God in Psalm 45:8?

Psalm 45:8 reads אָהַבְתָּ צֶּדֶק, וַתִּשְׂנָא-רֶשַׁע: עַל-כֵּן מְשָׁחֲךָ אֱלֹהִים אֱלֹהֶיךָ, שֶׁמֶן שָׂשׂוֹן-- מֵחֲבֵרֶךָ. Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated wickedness; {N} ...
6
votes
3answers
4k views

How did the shadow move back ten steps in 2 Kings 20:8-11?

There are several things I'd like to know about this passage: And Hezekiah said to Isaiah, “What shall be the sign that the LORD will heal me, and that I shall go up to the house of the LORD on ...
2
votes
5answers
2k views

Are the twenty-four elders of Revelation 4-5 angels or humans?

In Revelation 4-5, John pictures a scene of worship around God's throne in heaven. Around the throne are twenty-four other thrones on which are seated twenty-four elders (πρεσβυτέρους). I've always ...
2
votes
1answer
348 views

Does the allegorical approach to the Song of Solomon do the text justice?

Through two millennia the Song of Solomon was interpreted by most Jewish and Christian scholars as an allegory of God's relationship with Israel, or Jesus' relationship with the church. Only lately ...
-1
votes
1answer
56 views

Is it plausible to read the references to Solomon in the Song of Solomon as comparisons of the bridegroom to the “masculine ideal”?

The Song of Solomon mentions the name "Solomon" several times. Is it plausible to understand Solomon to have become a symbol of masculinity (a wise, mighty, powerful womanizer), and read references ...
20
votes
2answers
689 views

Is NWT's translation of John 8:58 reasonable?

I already assumed the opposite in an answer to why there are so many Bible translations, on Christianity.SE. Now that we have an expert community, I'd like to check. The translators of the New World ...
6
votes
3answers
4k views

Why does the King James have “turtle” in Song of Solomon 2:12?

Ernie Harwell was famous for starting his first baseball broadcast of the Detroit Tigers spring with the following quote: Song of Solomon 2:11-12 (KJV) 11 For, lo, the winter is past, the rain ...
2
votes
2answers
194 views

Ya'akov's prophecy regarding his son, Yosef (Gen. 49:24)

Here is the KJV translation of Genesis 49:24: But his bow abode in strength, and the arms of his hands were made strong by the hands of the mighty [God] of Jacob; (from thence [is] the shepherd, ...
1
vote
2answers
184 views

Who began his reign first: Jehoram of Israel, or Jehoram of Judah?

2Ki 3:1 says that Jehoram became king in Israel in Jehoshaphat's 18th year. 2Ki 1:17 says that Jehoram became king in Israel in Jehoram of Judah's 2nd year. 2Ki 8:16 says that Jehoram became king in ...
5
votes
1answer
68 views

Was the books of Kings the source of the Chronicles, or vice versa?

1Ki 12:1 And Rehoboam went to Shechem, for all Israel had gone to Shechem to make him king. 2 Chr 10:1 And Rehoboam went to Shechem, for all Israel had gone to Shechem to make him king. 1Ki 12:2 So ...
6
votes
3answers
464 views

Humankind divided up among the gods?

[ question originally posted here ] Deuteronomy 32:8-9 (NRSV), part of Moses' song: When the Most High apportioned the nations, when he divided humankind, he fixed the boundaries of the peoples ...
3
votes
3answers
812 views

Do the Dead Sea Scrolls argue against Aramaic primacy?

One of the arguments for Aramaic being the original language of the New Testament is the theory that Hebrew was replaced by Old Aramaic as the vernacular language in Judea following the Babylonian ...
2
votes
2answers
148 views

How is Jerusalem called after the name of God?

In Daniel 9:19 we read O Lord, hear; O Lord, forgive; O Lord, hearken and do; defer not, for thine own sake, O my God, because thy city and thy people are called by thy name." I can see how if ...
12
votes
4answers
8k views

Who are “the least of these my brothers” in Matthew 25?

In Matthew 25:31-46, Jesus teaches that when the Son of Man comes in his glory, he will separate sheep and goats along certain lines, saying: "Truly, I say to you, as you did it to one of the least of ...
0
votes
2answers
836 views

Does Christ return to Heaven after the thousand year reign, and then return to earth after the seventh trumpet?

After the thousand year reign is over we read in Revelation 20:v7-8 When the thousand years are over,Satan will be released from his prison and will go out to deceive the nations in the four ...
8
votes
5answers
1k views

What are the arguments in favor of Markan priority?

The synoptic problem refers to scholars' attempts to understand the relationship among the gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke (known as the synoptic gospels because they have so much material in ...
8
votes
1answer
247 views

How are early Greek manuscripts that quote Jesus Christ properly understood?

When the words of Jesus Christ are evaluated from early Greek manuscripts shouldn’t translation difficulties between Hebrew and Greek be considered? For example, the word spirit in Hebrew is “ruwach” ...
14
votes
3answers
2k views

Arguments for early/late date of authorship of Daniel

What are the most significant arguments for an early date of authorship of Daniel (6th century BC)? What are the primary arguments for a late date (2nd century BC)?
3
votes
1answer
671 views

Who are the deceivers 1 John is written against, mentioned in 2:26?

John, who seems to be particularly good at explicitly stating his purpose of writing, makes it clear in his first epistle that he is writing against some group of false teachers (2:26): I write ...
0
votes
1answer
79 views

Can you help me find out about the culture of Shittim where Rahab lived?

Was she likely to be sold into prostitution by her parents? Was she likely to have been poor, with no other way to earn a living? Was it likely that her culture accepted prostitution as an acceptable, ...
3
votes
2answers
223 views

Zechariah 9:6-7 What is the meaning of Philistine and Jebusite?

And a bastard shall dwell in Ashdod, and I will cut off the pride of the Philistines. And I will take away his blood out of his mouth, and his abominations from between his teeth: but he that ...

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