2
votes
4answers
541 views

The Two witnesses and the Two Horns of The Beast

In Revelation 11v7 regarding the Two Witnesses we read: Now when they have finished their testimony,the beast that comes up from the Abyss will attack them and overpower and kill them. In 13v11 ...
2
votes
1answer
11k views

What did Jesus mean by “the queen of the South”?

Answering a different question, I noticed this passage: Then some of the scribes and Pharisees answered him, saying, “Teacher, we wish to see a sign from you.” But he answered them, “An evil and ...
0
votes
1answer
50 views

How should the ending of 2 Peter 2:11 read?

Related to this question, I noticed that the ending of 2 Peter 2:11 is translated respectively by the NIV and ESV as "from the Lord" and "before the Lord." From what I can tell this seems to be owing ...
0
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the original Greek translation of John 1:1? [duplicate]

Regarding John 1:1, I really want to know if the correct translation of the verse from Greek to English should contain the word God or the words a God?
4
votes
2answers
633 views

Does the New Testament predict Jesus' return on Rosh Hashanah?

The day of the Lord's return is sometimes associated with trumpets in the New Testament: For the Lord himself will descend from heaven with a cry of command, with the voice of an archangel, and ...
22
votes
7answers
13k views

What does it mean to be “born of water”?

In John 3:5, Jesus tells Nicodemus that to enter the kingdom one must be "born of water and the Spirit". How is this phrase understood? Is it a single construct (i.e. one birth of both water and ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

In John 3:16, is the word believe a continous action for everlasting life?

Is eternal life in John 3:16 conditional on continous belief in Jesus Christ? The word "believe" in this verse is a present participle verb. Thanks very much!
0
votes
3answers
2k views

Who are eunuchs of their mother's womb?

For there are some eunuchs, which were so born from [their] mother's womb: and there are some eunuchs, which were made eunuchs of men: and there be eunuchs, which have made themselves eunuchs for ...
6
votes
5answers
2k views

The two winged women in Zechariah 5

Angels are often portrayed as winged women. Even aside from the fact that those who are clearly angels in the Bible do not appear as winged women, I have not seen any evidence that the winged women ...
5
votes
2answers
153 views

To what degree is understanding the feelings of a biblical author necessary in exegesis?

I find that miscommunication is often about feelings and not words. Ancient writings requires linguistics, history and cultural knowledge to provide accurate English versions that convey the original ...
10
votes
2answers
281 views

“which translated means…”

I am told that many scholars believe that the words of Jesus which we have presented to us in Greek were originally spoken in Aramaic. What confuses me then is why there are instances in the Greek ...
3
votes
2answers
252 views

What conclusions can be drawn from the change in verb tense of “believe” in Acts 16:31 & 16:34?

In Acts 16:31 the word "believe" is in the aorist tense (undefined action). In Acts 16:34 the word "believe" is in the perfect tense. What conclusions can be drawn exegetically from the change in verb ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

What does it mean for a man to leave his father and mother?

Genesis 2:24 says that a man should leave his parents after marriage: Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh. Jesus ...
1
vote
1answer
198 views

Meaning of number 7 in relation to Job's friends

When Job's three friends observed Job after his second test from Satan, Job 2 v13 says "then they sat on the ground with Job for seven days and seven nights". At the end of the book God is angry with ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Explanation of Chronological Disparities between St. John and the Synoptic Gospels Concerning Jesus' Passion

Significant chronological disparities exist between St. John's telling of the life and death of Jesus and those of the synoptic gospels. For instance, St. John discusses a lot of Jesus' ministry, ...
2
votes
2answers
947 views

What is the socio-historical significance of the “cup of cold water” in Matthew 10:42

In Matthew 10:40-42, Jesus identifies himself with his disciples and lays some expectations for how he expects them to be treated. I'm curious, though, about the the significance of his "cup of cold ...
2
votes
2answers
185 views

Was casting the lot in Acts 1:26 a vote or a lottery?

When choosing a replacement for Judas, there are two candidates, and in Acts 1:26, we read (ESV): And they cast lots for them, and the lot fell on Matthias, and he was numbered with the eleven ...
6
votes
4answers
272 views

Why is “rega`” translated “peace” in Job 21:13?

Job 21:7-13 (ESV) Why do the wicked live, reach old age, and grow mighty in power? Their offspring are established in their presence, and their descendants before their eyes. Their houses ...
2
votes
1answer
652 views

Evidence outside Matthew for Matthew 27:52-53

Matthew 27:50-53 And when Jesus had cried out again in a loud voice, he gave up his spirit. At that moment the curtain of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom. The earth shook ...
4
votes
2answers
815 views

Where did Samuel come from when he was summoned by the Medium of En-dor?

Appropriate to today, I was thinking about the time when Saul visited the Medium of En-dor in 1 Samuel 28:8-14 (ESV): So Saul disguised himself and put on other garments and went, he and two men ...
11
votes
1answer
6k views

What are the similarities and differences between the Genesis creation account and other creation stories of the time

(Operating under the assumption that Genesis was authored by Moses, and its intent is a polemic against other origin stories and their view of the deity at the time). The Enûma Eliš is said to have ...
7
votes
4answers
3k views

In what sense would Nathanael have “seen” in John 1:51?

In John 1:51, Jesus tells Nathanael that he will "see the heavens opened, and the angels of God ascending and descending on the Son of Man". John 1:49-51 (ESV) 49 Nathanael answered him, "Rabbi, ...
11
votes
6answers
10k views

Why did the tabernacle use the colors blue, purple and scarlet?

I see a lot of blue in the tabernacle, and when moving it. For example: Then they are to cover the curtain with a durable leather, spread a cloth of solid blue over that and put the poles in ...
4
votes
2answers
402 views

Did the Hebrews lift their right hand to take an oath as some translations of Psalm 144:8 imply?

Did we have any evidence that the Hebrews used to lift their right hand to take an oath as some translations of Psalm 144:8 imply ? The original verse talks of a "right hand of falsehood" (KJV NAS) : ...
4
votes
1answer
78 views

In Hebrew, what is this suffix ending that is on the nouns in psalm 103:3?

What is the suffix ending on the words for iniquities and diseases? (the Kauf,chirriq,yod ending) I see it is interpreted as 'thy' but this is not the usual possessive ending for 'your'. (I am a ...
8
votes
2answers
313 views

How long did Job's tribulation last?

Can someone tell me how long it was between when Job first started experiencing bad things until God turned things around for the better for Job?
4
votes
1answer
839 views

Reconciling the accounts of the calling of Simon Peter

How do you reconcile the two accounts of Jesus calling Peter? (Matt 4:18-19 and John 1:35-42) In the Matthew passage, Peter and Andrew are together fishing. In the John passage, Andrew was with John ...
3
votes
1answer
133 views

Does the greek word απαυγασμα indicate the person of Christ, or just his qualities?

απαυγασμα is radiance: The Son is the radiance of God’s glory and the exact representation of his being, sustaining all things by his powerful word. After he had provided purification for sins, he ...
3
votes
4answers
2k views

What does “reconciling all things” mean in Colossians 1:20?

In Colossians 1:19-20 (NIV) we read: For God was pleased to have all his fullness dwell in him, and through him to reconcile to himself all things, whether things on earth or things in heaven, by ...
10
votes
1answer
2k views

Who did Cain marry?

A man marrying his sister is clearly a sin: If a man marries his sister, the daughter of either his father or his mother, so that he sees her nakedness and she sees his nakedness, it is a ...
7
votes
4answers
1k views

In John 14:2, what is Jesus' Father's house?

In John 14:2, Jesus tells his disciples: In my Father’s house are many rooms; if it were not so, I would have told you. I am going there to prepare a place for you. (NIV) What is Jesus referring ...
4
votes
3answers
166 views

Numbers 28: Is the difference between noun-adjective and genitive cases for the burnt offering significant?

I know that in Biblical Hebrew (and presumably other varieties), we see the construct "noun adjective", with the noun unmodified, such as parah adamah (red heifer, parah = heifer). We also see the ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

English Bible translations based on the Vulgate

Which well-known English Bible translations are based on the Vulgate? Which are not? Knowledge about other languages (e.g. French) is welcome too.
5
votes
1answer
298 views

Why was Elisha bald?

When Elisha is jeered by youths, he is at the beginning of his ministry which lasted approximately 50 years and so seemingly fairly young still. He is jeered, however, for being being bald. Did he ...
13
votes
3answers
4k views

Was 'σκύβαλον' (skubalon) profanity?

In Philippians 3:8, Paul uses the word σκύβαλον (skubalon), which is usually translated as "dung" , "garbage", or "rubbish". I've heard that this was considered an impolite word with much stronger ...
9
votes
2answers
470 views

Why do many chinese Bibles translate “Logos” in John 1:1 as 道 (Dao)?

道(Dao) is the concept which the entire Dao De Jing seeks to expound upon and discuss. Dao De Jing is the central text of Daoist philosophy. I don't know how to define "dao" beyond an extremely ...
4
votes
1answer
99 views

Are the “five words” in 1 Corinthians 14:19 refering to something in particular?

Reading the following verse : 1 Corinthians 14:19 (ASV): howbeit in the church I had rather speak five words with my understanding, that I might >instruct others also, than ten thousand words in ...
2
votes
3answers
195 views

Should 1 Kings 19:3 read that Elijah “saw” or “was afraid”?

While the NET's translation of 1 Kings 19:3 retains that "Elijah was afraid", it notes: The MT has “and he saw,” but some medieval Hebrew mss as well as several ancient versions support the ...
3
votes
1answer
8k views

Meaning of “sins against his body” in 1 Corinthians 6:18

Flee from sexual immorality. All other sins a man commits are outside his body, but he who sins sexually sins against his own body. 1 Corinthians 6:18 Please help me to understand this. Why are ...
9
votes
1answer
304 views

Is it true that Luther intentionally mistranslated Romans 3:28?

I asked this question at C.Se, but thought it might be more appropriate here. I recently listened to Dr. Scott Hahn's conversion testimony. One thing that really jumped out at me was that Dr. Hahn ...
6
votes
2answers
300 views

How should πονηρός be translated in Matthew 7:11, and why?

Matthew 7:7 “Ask, and it will be given you; search, and you will find; knock, and the door will be opened for you. 8 For everyone who asks receives, and everyone who searches finds, and for everyone ...
2
votes
3answers
185 views

At what point in his narrative does the prophet Yona appear to die?

Christ essentially appealed to Yona being dead three days and three nights in the heart of the sea as proof that he too would be dead three days and three nights in the heart of the earth (i.e., the ...
1
vote
1answer
203 views

Does Scripture imply that Judas knew that the high-priests and elders' goal was to have Jesus killed?

Did Judas know that high-priests and elders' goal was to have Jesus killed? Gospel of Matthew tells us that he committed suicide before Jesus was crucified: Then Judas, which had betrayed him, ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

What is a “quickening spirit” (1 Cor 15:45) and how is it different from a “living soul”?

1st Corinthians makes a distinction between the first Adam and Jesus Christ and it also distinguishes between the soul and the spirit. What does the expression a "quickening spirit" mean here and how ...
3
votes
2answers
137 views

Does John 1:12 identify believers of the past only, or past and present tense believers?

Here are two versions to help aid the question: But to all who did receive him, who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God, John 1:12 ESV But to all who have received him ...
0
votes
2answers
1k views

How to separate exegesis from eisegesis in this example?

There is a paper put on a table in a room with five doors, each taller than the one next to it. On the paper the text reads in an ancient Egyptian language: "Behind the tallest door you will find ...
4
votes
2answers
87 views

Has the NIV incorrectly added “had” in Luke 10:40?

Luke 10:40 in NIV: But Martha was distracted by all the preparations that had to be made. She came to him and asked, “Lord, don’t you care that my sister has left me to do the work by myself? Tell ...
1
vote
2answers
869 views

John 11:9 Why does Jesus remind his disciples about 12 hours in a day?

He stayed a couple of days longer when He heard Lazarus was sick. Then Jesus decided to go to Judea. His disciples quickly reminded him that the Jews were trying to stone him just a few days ago. ...
5
votes
5answers
933 views

Why does Luke associate the birth of Christ with the census conducted by Quirinus?

Luke states that Mary and Joseph went to Bethlehem because of a census that took place while Quirinius was governor of Syria (2:1-5). In those days a decree went out from Caesar Augustus that all ...
9
votes
3answers
301 views

Does Genesis 3:16 imply that there was pain / sorrow before the fall?

Genesis 3:16 says: To the woman he said, I will greatly multiply your sorrow and your conception; in sorrow you shall bring forth children; and your desire shall be to your husband, and he ...

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