11
votes
2answers
2k views

Who is the woman in Revelation 12?

She is introduced: A great sign appeared in heaven: a woman clothed with the sun, with the moon under her feet and a crown of twelve stars on her head.—Revelation 12:1 (NIV) Who is the ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

Why was the priestly exam of a woman suspected of adultery not applied to men (Numbers 5:11-31)?

In the book of Numbers, there is a very interesting test for a woman suspected of committing adultery. After some initial discussion, if the woman refuses to admit her sin, or is innocent, the priest ...
11
votes
6answers
10k views

Why did the tabernacle use the colors blue, purple and scarlet?

I see a lot of blue in the tabernacle, and when moving it. For example: Then they are to cover the curtain with a durable leather, spread a cloth of solid blue over that and put the poles in ...
6
votes
2answers
313 views

Is oral history like the telephone game?

Bart Ehrman argues that the gospel texts are not historically reliable beginning with this analogy: It is [oral circulation] that causes special problems for historians who want to know what ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

Who are the “third and fourth generation” in Exodus 20:5?

“You shall not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. You shall not bow ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Punishment in Exodus 20.5? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Who are the “third and fourth generation” in Exodus 20:5? “You shall not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven ...
4
votes
1answer
357 views

Why was there a Sabbath year?

Leviticus mentions a 'Sabbath year' where they were supposed to give the land a rest: The LORD said to Moses on Mount Sinai, 2“Speak to the Israelites and say to them: ‘When you enter the land I ...
2
votes
3answers
157 views

Was Greek Mark's second language?

I've noted that Jesus probably spoke little Greek and did not have formal training. Similarly, Peter and John were likely not trained in Greek (see Acts 4:13). Bart Ehrman points out: [The four ...
3
votes
3answers
242 views

The number two in the book of Zechariah

Reading Zechariah, I have been struck by the frequency of the occurrences, explicit and implicit, of the number two. The most prominent are: Two angels in chapters 1 and 2 Two dimensions: "To ...
6
votes
5answers
1k views

The two winged women in Zechariah 5

Angels are often portrayed as winged women. Even aside from the fact that those who are clearly angels in the Bible do not appear as winged women, I have not seen any evidence that the winged women ...
4
votes
1answer
886 views

Leaping over the threshold in Zephaniah 1:9

It would seem from the various translations of Zephaniah 1:9 that is is tricky to understand. Some translations give an apparently fairly vanilla, literal rendering: On that day I will punish ...
4
votes
2answers
327 views

Why is the man going to measure Jerusalem in Zechariah 2:2?

In the second chapter of his book, Zechariah records a vision in which he saw a man with a measuring line going to measure Jerusalem. I'm not sure what this is supposed to signify. Two verses later, ...
4
votes
3answers
487 views

Significance of the “Son of Man” appellation in Ezekiel

Ezekiel is the only prophet regularly referred to by God as "son of man" (ben adam). This is particularly interested to Christians since Jesus took the title "Son of Man" upon himself (ὁ υἱός τοῦ ...
6
votes
1answer
851 views

Is Ezekiel a reluctant prophet?

Many of God's servants in the Old Testament are reluctant—Moses, Gideon, Saul (eventually defunct), Jonah and Jeremiah spring to mind. Moses protests five times in the course of Exodus 2-3: 11But ...
4
votes
1answer
167 views

Does the story of the thief on the cross imply that Jesus believed religious practice was unnecessary for salvation?

In Luke we read that Jesus predicted he would see one of the criminals hanging beside him in Paradise: One of the criminals who were hanged railed at him, saying, “Are you not the Christ? Save ...
4
votes
1answer
148 views

Does the New Testament use of Abba to address God signify a more intimate relationship than found in the Tanakh?

Yesterday's sermon at the church we visited was about Father's Day and referenced this passage: And [Jesus] said, “Abba, Father, all things are possible for you. Remove this cup from me. Yet not ...
2
votes
1answer
214 views

What does it mean to lay down beside an altar (Amos 2:8)?

Amos 2:8 (ESV) reads, They lay themselves down beside every altar on garments taken in pledge, and in the house of their God they drink the wine of those who have been fined. The condemnation of ...
3
votes
1answer
310 views

What does “in the midst of the years” mean in Habakkuk 3:2?

The phrase "in the midst of the years" occurs in some more literal translations of Habakkuk 3:2: Yahweh, I have heard the report of you, and your work, Yahweh, do I fear. In the midst of the years ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

Who are the brothers in Numbers 14:4?

Numbers 14:4 states that a man says to his brother that they should appoint a new head (of the Israelites) and return to Egypt. Who are these two brothers? And, if this is just a turn of phrase, why ...
6
votes
5answers
4k views

What is the baptism of fire?

In Luke 3, some are wondering if John the Baptist could be the Christ. He denies this claim like so: John answered them all, “I baptize you with water. But one more powerful than I will come, the ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

Where is God coming from in Habakkuk 3:3, and what does that signify?

It is easy to skim through the prophets, brushing by all the unfamiliar proper nouns. However, recently I've been trying to be more attentive to the details of meaning that the prophets are including ...
5
votes
4answers
128 views

Silence of the idols and silence of the people before Yahweh in Habakkuk 2:18-20

Habakkuk 2:20 has a powerful sound: But Yahweh is in his holy Temple. Let all the earth be silent before him. I feel there are depths here that I am not plumbing. What is the connection here ...
9
votes
1answer
511 views

How would stoning of an adulterer actually be carried out under the Law of Moses?

How would stoning of an adulterer actually be carried out under the Law of Moses? In John Chapter 8 there is the familiar story of how Jesus prevented a stoning of a woman who had committed adultery. ...
6
votes
3answers
422 views

Humankind divided up among the gods?

[ question originally posted here ] Deuteronomy 32:8-9 (NRSV), part of Moses' song: When the Most High apportioned the nations, when he divided humankind, he fixed the boundaries of the peoples ...
5
votes
7answers
1k views

What does Matthew 18:8-9 say about eternity?

Matthew 18:8-9 (NIV): 8If your hand or your foot causes you to stumble, cut it off and throw it away. It is better for you to enter life maimed or crippled than to have two hands or two feet and ...
9
votes
3answers
611 views

Does Peter intend to identify the Pauline Epistles as canonical?

In 2 Peter 3:15-16, Peters states: And count the patience of our Lord as salvation, just as our beloved brother Paul also wrote to you according to the wisdom given him, as he does in all his ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

What does the Old Testament phrase 'cut off from their people' mean?

What does the Old Testament phrase 'cut off from their people' mean? I have often read it, but am having difficulty imaganing how it may have actually been practiced? If it was determined that so and ...
8
votes
2answers
880 views

Cutting body and pagan tattoos forbidden in Leviticus 19, what pagan group?

There is a curious law in Leviticus that seems to refer to avoiding an ancient pagan rite. Do not cut your bodies for the dead or put tattoo marks on yourselves. I am the Lord. (Leviticus 19:28 ...
5
votes
2answers
591 views

Pagan hairstyle forbidden in Leviticus 19, who had it?

There is a curious law in Leviticus that seems to refer to avoiding an ancient pagan rite. Do not cut the hair at the sides of your head or clip off the edges of your beard. (Leviticus 19:27) ...
3
votes
2answers
157 views

In Dispensationalism what rule determines applicability of a scriptural demand?

This is an attempt at re-scoping this. Dispensationalism as an interpretive framework closely related to a doctrinal predisposition and a literal hermeneutic. Given that an interpretive framework, ...
0
votes
1answer
115 views

Using literal hermeneutics how does one determine if a demand is made on the reader?

This is an attempt at rescoping this. Given that an interpretive framework, whether it be a set of rules or a theological predisposition, guides the interpretation of scripture, what are the rules or ...
1
vote
2answers
97 views

Can Enoch's hermeneutical approach be determined?

This is related to Jack's hemeneutical approaches And follows Abel's hermeneutic Enoch is the second on the list of faithful. Can we determine a plausible hermeneutic that explains Enoch's 'pleasing ...
-1
votes
1answer
89 views

Is there an interpretive significance for nashak (kiss) and nasak (burn) being puns? [closed]

It was suggested here that 'kissing the calf' may be a play on words for 'burning the calf'. Is there other support in scripture where the use of 'kiss' and 'burn' has interpretive significance? See ...
10
votes
2answers
959 views

How Is the Date of Composition of the Gospels Estimated?

So considering that the oldest copies of the gospels are dated to around 400 AD (I'm thinking of the Codex Sinaiticus), how do scholars go about estimating the date of composition of the gospels? I ...
7
votes
2answers
124 views

Is the usual translation of “ηὐχόμην” as “I could wish” justified in Romans 9:3?

In the early part of Romans 9, Paul speaks fervently of his hope and anguish concerning his fellow-countrymen, even contemplating losing his own salvation if it could gain theirs: 1I am speaking ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

Signficance of name change from Saul to Paul

Acts 13:9 appears to record the moment Saul's name changes to Paul: Then Saul, who was also called Paul, filled with the Holy Spirit, looked straight at Elymas and said... (Prior to this time, ...
3
votes
2answers
611 views

Unfamiliar metaphors in Hosea 14:6-7

Hosea 14:5-7 (ESV) reads, 5 I will be like the dew to Israel; he shall blossom like the lily; he shall take root like the trees of Lebanon; 6 his shoots shall spread out; his beauty shall ...
4
votes
2answers
514 views

Sacrificing and kissing calves in Hosea 13:2

Reading Hosea 13:2 ESV, I found myself confused: And now they sin more and more, and make for themselves metal images, idols skillfully made of their silver, all of them the work of craftsmen. It ...
5
votes
3answers
141 views

Are the rings for carrying the incense altar pure gold?

In Exodus we read about the structure of the altar for burning incense: You shall make an altar for burning incense; make it of acacia wood. It shall be a cubit long and a cubit wide—it ...
4
votes
1answer
174 views

Is the death of the pious precious in the eyes of God?

How does one understand the word yakar in Psalms 116:15? Classic Jewish commentators explain the word in context to mean "difficult". However, that is not how is it commonly used nor is it in ...
14
votes
1answer
341 views

Who is the author of Hebrews quoting in Hebrews 10:38?

Who is the author of Hebrews quoting in Hebrews 10:38? Now the just shall live by faith: but if [any man] draw back, my soul shall have no pleasure in him. The "just shall live by faith" part ...
5
votes
2answers
128 views

Hosea 13:14 as quoted in 1 Corinthians 15

Hosea 13:14 reads in the ESV: Shall I ransom them from the power of Sheol? Shall I redeem them from Death? O Death, where are your plagues? O Sheol, where is your sting? Compassion is ...
8
votes
3answers
993 views

Why did Stephen give such a long speech?

Before he was stoned, Stephen gives a huge speech (Acts 7) going over Israeli history, from Abraham through Moses to David. I really don't understand the purpose of it. What is the overall message? ...
7
votes
1answer
579 views

What is the “Theological Interpretation of Scripture” movement?

As the title asks--what is meant by "Theological Interpretation of Scripture", a.k.a. TIS, and how does it differ from other methods?
12
votes
5answers
1k views

How should James 2:18 be translated?

James, when making the argument that faith without works is dead, makes this statement: James 2:18-19 (ESV) 18  But someone will say, “You have faith and I have works.” Show me your faith ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

What are the biblical metaphors for the local church? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What are the biblical metaphors for the local church? The Bible often uses metaphors or images to illustrate a point. What are the different metaphor the New Testament ...
5
votes
3answers
4k views

Admah and Zeboiim in Hosea 11:8

In one of the most beautiful passages of a beautiful book, God says: How can I give you up, O Ephraim? How can I hand you over, O Israel? How can I make you like Admah? How can I treat you ...
5
votes
1answer
195 views

Is Naaman impure?

In 2 Kings 5:10 we read: וַיִּשְׁלַח אֵלָיו אֱלִישָׁע, מַלְאָךְ לֵאמֹר: הָלוֹךְ, וְרָחַצְתָּ שֶׁבַע-פְּעָמִים בַּיַּרְדֵּן, וְיָשֹׁב בְּשָׂרְךָ לְךָ וּטְהָר.‏ And Elisha sent a messenger unto ...
5
votes
2answers
193 views

What does “made him to be sin” mean?

For our sake he made him to be sin who knew no sin, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God.—2nd Corinthians 5:21 (ESV) Does it mean that he was made to be sin incarnate, ...
7
votes
3answers
3k views

What are the differences between allegorical and typological interpretation?

In a recent discussion on a question about allegory, it was pointed out that allegory and typology are not the same thing. What are the differences between the two approaches? Is one a subset of the ...

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