2
votes
1answer
119 views

What does it mean when it is said that faith is given by the Holy Spirit? (1 Cor. 12:9)

1 Corinthians 12:9 (KJV) To another faith by the same Spirit; to another the gifts of healing by the same Spirit;
6
votes
1answer
461 views

How sure can we be that Archippus was a church leader?

Paul twice mentions Archippus. In Philemon he is a fellow soldier, and, in Colossians, he has some sort of ministry to fulfill. Colossians 4:17 "Say to Archippus, "Take heed to the ministry which ...
0
votes
1answer
177 views

Were the Corinthians sacrificing to idols?

When Paul writes in chapter 8 of 1 Corinthians: "So then, about eating food sacrificed to idols..." - what practice is he referring to? On the one hand, it seems pretty obvious (despite the title of ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

“There is a son born to Naomi”? But it's a grandson — what's up with that?

In chapter 4 of Rut, after Boaz performs levirate marriage with Rut and she bears a son, it says: וַתִּקְרֶאנָה לוֹ הַשְּׁכֵנוֹת שֵׁם לֵאמֹר, יֻלַּד-בֵּן לְנָעֳמִי; וַתִּקְרֶאנָה שְׁמוֹ עוֹבֵד, ...
4
votes
1answer
204 views

Was Origen Adamantius an “allegorist” in the modern sense of the word?

Allegory is often referred to in a negative way (at least by Protestant interpreters) to signify a sort of irresponsible replacement of authorial intent with some subsequent spiritualization of each ...
4
votes
1answer
238 views

What is socio-rhetorical criticism?

I've heard David DeSilva and Ben Witherington III associated with the term "socio-rhetorical criticism" and Witherington even has a series of commentaries titled the "Socio-Rhetorical Commentary" ...
3
votes
1answer
156 views

Is the territory of the Negeb considered part of the wilderness?

Genesis 13:1 and 20:1 both record Abraham traveling to a region called the Negeb (or Negev depending on the English translation). 13:1 - So Abram went up from Egypt, he and his wife and all that ...
3
votes
1answer
85 views

Should Matthew 27:6-7 Be Taken as a Demonstration of Hypocrisy?

Would the people who heard Matthew's account of what was done with the 30 silver pieces have understood that to be a hypocritical act by the chief priests? 6 And the chief priests took the pieces ...
6
votes
1answer
106 views

Is there something significant about Avram's tactics in rescuing Lot?

Genesis 14 describes the war of four kings against five kings and the capture of Lot, and then describes how Avram mounted a rescue mission: וַיִּשְׁמַע אַבְרָם, כִּי נִשְׁבָּה אָחִיו; וַיָּרֶק ...
7
votes
2answers
293 views

Is Luke's “Theophilus” An Actual Person or an Allegorical Person

I've always wondered if there's any persuasive evidence either way for Theophilus whom Luke addresses in Luke 1:3 and Acts 1:1 being an actual person or an allegorical personification? I mean my ...
11
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the difference between historical-grammatical and historical criticism?

The historical-grammatical method and historical criticism are both hermeneutical approaches seeking to uncover the original meaning of the text. What is the difference between the two?
5
votes
1answer
342 views

What is the “New Hermeneutic”?

I have come across the term New Hermeneutic a number of times in Christian hermeneutics books and articles, but I can't really find a clear definition for what this is referring to. (Most of the ...
2
votes
1answer
47 views

Does Moses want the Lord to go among the people because or despite their stiff necks?

After Moses received the second set of tablets from God, we read: Moses hastened to bow low to the ground in homage, and said, “If I have gained Your favor, O Lord, pray, let the Lord go in our ...
5
votes
3answers
164 views

To what extent do deductive approaches consider authorial intent?

Bottom-up approaches start analyzing a text by first determining the original intent of the human author of a text. From there, they use inductive reasoning to construct theories of broader meanings. ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

How did contemporaries understand “a new song” in Psalm 149:1?

I know about at least one "sensus plenior" interpretation of the "new song" in Psalm 149, but I have never heard a plausible explanation on what the author intended and how it was understood by his ...
6
votes
1answer
363 views

How reliable are the Dead Sea Scrolls as a base to compare against the Masoretic text and the LXX?

I often find people comparing other manuscripts (e.g., Masoretic text, LXX) against the Dead Sea Scrolls in order to determine their accuracy. For example, this thread asked how reliable the LXX was ...
5
votes
1answer
222 views

Who is speaking in Song of Solomon 8:6-7?

Typical Christian allegorical interpretations of Song of Solomon identify God with the man in the story and the church or individual believer with the woman. This is understandable as other more ...
13
votes
2answers
3k views

Does πορνεία mean premarital sex in 1 Corinthians 5-7?

I'm interested in this question because some liberal theologians insist that the Bible does not say anything about premarital sex*. To get a reasonable scope for the question, I limit this to just the ...
6
votes
1answer
116 views

Why are there two harvesters in Revelation 14?

In Revelation 14:15-16, at seemingly the end of the age, we have this scene: Then another angel came out of the temple and called in a loud voice to him who was sitting on the cloud, “Take your ...
7
votes
4answers
197 views

Would it matter if the ID of 'Autor' was revealed and who are the potential candidates?

The author of Hebrews, being generally uncertain, sometimes goes by the moniker "Autor". But who or what lies behind the mask? What clues do we have to work with that could tip us off to their ...
6
votes
3answers
313 views

Is Jesus called God in 2 Thessalonians 1:12?

I was first alerted to this in the NIV footnote of that verse: We pray this so that the name of our Lord Jesus may be glorified in you, and you in him, according to the grace of our God and the ...
6
votes
2answers
118 views

What options did Mary have in mind with Gabriel's greeting?

When Gabriel visited Mary, she was, as is usual when meeting an angel, troubled by it: In the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God to a city of Galilee named Nazareth, to a virgin ...
6
votes
1answer
177 views

How should Sirach 3:17 be translated?

Here are four alternate translations for Sirach (Ecclesiasticus / Wisdom of Joshua Ben Sira) 3:17 -- My son, perform your tasks in meekness; then you will be loved by those whom God accepts ...
4
votes
1answer
154 views

Did Josephus misinterpret Ezekiel 12:13?

According to Josephus: Ezekiel also foretold in Babylon what calamities were coming upon the people, which when he heard, he sent accounts of them unto Jerusalem. But Zedekiah did not believe ...
4
votes
1answer
80 views

Does Gabriel's initial announcement to Mary suggest the virgin birth?

Luke 1:31 records the angel telling Mary, "you will conceive in your womb and bear a son, and you shall name Him Jesus." Mary's question in reply shows mystification or surprise; it's clear she ...
8
votes
3answers
297 views

What are the holy Scriptures that Timothy has known from his youth?

In 2 Timothy 3:14-15 it's written to Timothy: But as for you, continue in what you have learned and have become convinced of, because you know those from whom you learned it, and how from infancy ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

Was Abiathar the son of Ahimelech or was Ahimelech the son of Abiathar? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Was Abiathar the son of Ahimelech or was Ahimelech the son of Abiathar? According to the following three verses, Abiathar was the son of Ahimelech: 1 Samuel 22:20. 1 ...
28
votes
5answers
1k views

Does 1st Kings say that pi = 3?

The construction of Solomon's temple includes a piece of furnishing described in 1 Kings 7:23 (ESV): Then he made the sea of cast metal. It was round, ten cubits from brim to brim, and five cubits ...
3
votes
1answer
153 views

Is conscience (συνείδησις) a particularly Pauline idea?

At the end of Hebrews (13:18) Autor petitions his hearers: "Pray for us, for we are sure that we have a clear conscience, desiring to act honorably in all things." (ESV) I was reading this recently ...
11
votes
3answers
305 views

Where does the “slippery slope” of allegorical interpretations start?

Besides the Grammatical Historical Approach to hermeneutics, various allegorical or metaphorical approaches exist. It seems to me that if you approach a text with the assumption that the whole thing ...
6
votes
3answers
316 views

What's the difference between “sensus plenior” and “inspired sensus plenior”?

What's the difference between "sensus plenior" and "inspired sensus plenior"? Are the terms interchangeable? If "the deeper meaning intended by God but not intended by the human author" (sensus ...
4
votes
2answers
395 views

Tribe of Benjamin Elite Corps of Slingers

In the book of Judges, we learn that the tribe of Benjamin fielded a corps of slingers. These soldiers were not mere conscripts, but rather we're informed that they were "chosen", in the sense of ...
2
votes
1answer
153 views

Is there a link between the Jewish expectation of a literal Messianic kingdom and the command to witness to the ends of the earth in Acts 1?

In Acts Chapter one we find: So when they had come together, they asked him, “Lord, will you at this time restore the kingdom to Israel?” He said to them, “It is not for you to know times or ...
2
votes
0answers
27 views

Pi in the Bible [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Does 1st Kings say that pi = 3? This is a standard question often asked about the accuracy of the Bible. And he [Hiram] made a molten sea, ten cubits from the one ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Why does Jehoash cry “The chariots and horsemen of Israel”?

When Elisha is about to die, Jehoash the king goes to visit Elisha and cries before him: Now Elisha was suffering from the illness from which he died. Jehoash king of Israel went down to see him ...
5
votes
3answers
271 views

Why did Jesus' disciples believe in him after he turned water into wine?

Yeshu'a did this beginning of the signs in Kana of Galil, and he manifested his glory, and his disciples believed in him. (John 2:11) What were these "signs" a sign/ indication of?
3
votes
3answers
199 views

Does sensus plenior exist in the New Testament?

The conversations surrounding sensus plenior center on the New Testament authors' 'odd usage' of the Old Testament scriptures. But the underlying principle is that there is a secondary meaning which ...
4
votes
1answer
486 views

Do the “original texts” use fractional numbers?

The Bible, for example, uses fractions. In Lev. 5:16 - "He must make restitution for what he has failed to do in regard to the holy things, add a fifth of the value to that and give it all to the ...
1
vote
2answers
474 views

Does Revelation 21:9-11 equate the Bride of the Lamb with the City Jerusalem?

And there came unto me one of the seven angels which had the seven vials full of the seven last plagues, and talked with me, saying, Come hither, I will shew thee the bride, the Lamb's wife. And ...
7
votes
2answers
179 views

Was the Leningrad Codex a direct descendant of the Aleppo Codex?

Here is what I think I know about these two codices (correct me if I'm wrong): both the Aleppo and Leningrad Codices were complete codices of the Hebrew Old Testament the Leningrad Codex was (is?) ...
3
votes
1answer
260 views

The meaning of the phrase “mustard seed”? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Does Jesus always use the mustard seed to signify the property of “smallness”? The phrase "mustard seed" is found in the New Testament several times. I am not sure, ...
3
votes
3answers
237 views

Who is included in “us” in Ephesians 1:3-10

In verses 11-14 of Ephesians 1:3-14, Paul seems pretty clearly to make a distinction between "we" and "you". My understanding is that the contrast is between "we" the Jewish believers and "you" the ...
2
votes
1answer
661 views

What scripture is Paul referring to in Ephesians 5:14?

In Ephesians we find that light (religious truth) is being deacribed as very powerul as it is able to make dead things living just by shinning on them. But when anything is exposed by the light, it ...
5
votes
1answer
86 views

Does Luke put the Twelve in a negative light in Acts 6?

In Acts 6:1-7, there is a dispute among the Hebraic and Hellenistic Jews in the church concerning the care of widows. The Twelve gather together and decide that seven people should be appointed for ...
2
votes
2answers
839 views

How can Psalms 68:18 be translated as in Ephesians 4:8?

In Psalms we have: You ascended on high, leading a host of captives in your train and receiving gifts among men, even among the rebellious, that the Lord God may dwell there. (Psalms 68:18, ...
2
votes
2answers
162 views

What does Psalm 68:18 refer to in context?

In the NIV, Psalm 68:18 reads: When you ascended on high, you led captives in your train; you received gifts from men, even from the rebellious— that you, O Lord God, might ...
1
vote
2answers
211 views

Who does Jesus refer to by the phrase “another who testifies about me” in John 5:32?

There is another who testifies about me, and I know that the testimony that he testifies about me is true. ἄλλος ἐστὶν ὁ μαρτυρῶν περὶ ἐμοῦ καὶ οἶδα ὅτι ἀληθής ἐστιν ἡ μαρτυρία ἣν μαρτυρεῖ ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

Red Heifer or Heifer of Soil

How could we know if פרה אדמה in Num 19:2 refers either to a red cow (parah edumah) vs a cow of the soil (parah adamah)? I would like someone to analyse the issue morphologically, ...
1
vote
2answers
185 views

Romans 16:7 : “fellowprisoners” in the book of Romans?!

According to Wikipedia, scientists are unanimous about Romans being written before Paul's imprisonment. But I just came across Romans 16:7: Salute Andronicus and Junia, my kinsmen, and my ...
3
votes
1answer
195 views

How does geography impact the interpretation of Galatians?

There are two major views for the destination of Paul's letter to the Galatians: the Northern and Southern views. I understand that these views impact the possible timing of the letter, but what ...

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