3
votes
2answers
87 views

When did the textual variation in Daniel 7:13 arise?

Daniel's famous vision is recorded in the middle of chapter 7: I was watching in the night visions, “And with the clouds of the sky one like a son of man was approaching. He went ...
1
vote
1answer
340 views

Significance of Solomon's 666 talents of gold?

1 Kings 10:14 says, "the weight of gold which Solomon received every year was 666 talents of gold, besides what came from tradesmen, from the traffic of the merchants, and from all the kings of Arabia ...
15
votes
4answers
7k views

Is Jesus giving the Spirit in John 20:22?

After the resurrection in John's gospel, Jesus appears to the disciples and in John 20:22 he breathes on them and says, "Receive the Holy Spirit." What is happening here? Is Jesus giving them the Holy ...
2
votes
2answers
146 views

James 1:11 - “…its flower falls…”

James 1:11 contains the phrase "καὶ τὸ ἄνθος αὐτοῦ ἐξέπεσεν," which the ESV correctly literally translates as "[and] its flower falls." The NET takes more interpretive license and renders it "the ...
5
votes
2answers
158 views

When James and Jude use κύριος is their meaning limited to “master”?

In his book, The Jesus Dynasty, James Tabor asserts that James and Jude, which he takes to written by Jesus' brothers, use the term κύριος to mean something like "master". It was a sign of honor for ...
3
votes
2answers
271 views

What were the criteria for evaluating whether a book was included in the canons of scripture?

What criteria were used in collecting the Scriptures (Canon) which we know today as the Holy Bible. I'm not looking for new theological hypotheses here, just established ones. For example, how did ...
6
votes
2answers
191 views

Was Jesus raised 'for our justification' or 'because of' it?

In the NASB, Romans 4:25 (emphasis mine) reads: He who was delivered over because of our transgressions, and was raised because of our justification. However, in the ESV (emphasis mine) it ...
2
votes
1answer
141 views

Did Luke intend the account of Ananias and Sapphira to be reminiscent of Achan?

I was thinking tonight about how the essential form of the story of Ananias and Sapphira in Acts 5 parallels the story of Achan in Joshua 7. Both stories feature people lying to the people of God in ...
7
votes
6answers
625 views

Are there any rules on which things in Revelation must be interpreted literally and which symbolically?

Are there any rules on which things in Revelation must be interpreted literally and which symbolically? The one that comes from the back of my mind is that if a certain thing or a character is already ...
9
votes
2answers
607 views

How strong was Midian's army?

When Israel took vengeance on Midian they sent 12,000 troops (Numbers 31:4) and prevailed: אֶלֶף, לַמַּטֶּה, אֶלֶף, לַמַּטֶּה--לְכֹל מַטּוֹת יִשְׂרָאֵל, תִּשְׁלְחוּ לַצָּבָא. Of every tribe a ...
6
votes
3answers
236 views

What is the likely way in which ancient Hebrews would have understood “raqiya” in Gen 1:6?

In Genesis 1:6, the word "firmament" (Hebrew: raqiya) is referring to what we call the sky. It separates the waters below (oceans, lakes, rivers, etc) from the waters above (where the rain comes ...
4
votes
1answer
217 views

Should we read Melchizedek in Genesis 14 to be metaphorical?

Genesis 14:17-20 (NJPS): When he returned from defeating Chedorlaomer and the kings with him, the king of Sodom came out to meet him in the Valley of Shaveh, which is the Valley of the King. And ...
4
votes
4answers
649 views

Which hermeneutical approaches support a literal interpretation of the Creation account?

I had always been told that a day meant 24 hours, but a systematic theology textbook I read disputed that pretty well. (Please do not address this item in particular. This isn't the question I'm ...
6
votes
1answer
715 views

Was Ezekiel 37 understood as a prophesy of a literal Resurrection?

Ezekiel 37 presents a dramatic picture of a valley of bones being resurrected. The natural Christian interpretation is that it is an image of the day of the Lord when the righteous will be brought ...
1
vote
2answers
222 views

Was Nathan a false prophet?

After David established himself in Jerusalem, Nathan prophesied: “The Lord declares to you that He, the Lord, will establish a house for you. When your days are done and you lie with your fathers, ...
1
vote
1answer
264 views

Who did Shelah (Judah's son) marry?

In Genesis we learn that Judah's sons Er and Onan died, and both of them were married to Tamar. Because of their deaths (and involvement with the same woman, Tamar), Judah thinks that Tamar has ...
2
votes
1answer
118 views

How does God speak to the whole community of Israel?

Usually God speaks to the people through a prophet or an angel (messenger). But throughout the Book of Judges, the major theme is that the Israelites abandon faith in God, turn to idolatry, ...
6
votes
2answers
109 views

Are Psalms 23 and 24 both by David according to their prefixes?

Psalm 23 begins with the annotation: מזמור לדוד While Psalm 24 begins with a similar, but slight different one: לדוד מזמור Yet both are marked in the NET (and elsewhere) as "A psalm of David". I ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Was the Beloved Disciple the author of the Fourth Gospel?

One very common interpretation of the Gospel of John is that the Beloved Disciple was the author of the book. (Presumably, he was interested in obscuring his identity for some reason.) But other ...
1
vote
4answers
919 views

Which beast does the number 666 represent

16 It also forced all people, great and small, rich and poor, free and slave, to receive a mark on their right hands or on their foreheads, 17 so that they could not buy or sell unless they had the ...
5
votes
4answers
8k views

Does Jesus refer to aliens in John 10:16?

Jesus said: And I have other sheep that are not of this fold. I must bring them also, and they will listen to my voice. So there will be one flock, one shepherd.—John 10:16 (ESV) Who are ...
8
votes
2answers
606 views

Jesus's genealogy: 28 generations or 41 since David?

These questions keep me wondering: Firstly, how is it possible that Matthew and Luke came up with completely different genealogies of Jesus ancestors, if they are both following the masculine line? ...
7
votes
4answers
893 views

What, if any, is the significance of the color of the cord that Rahab hung out of her window?

Joshua 2 describes Rahab's concealment of the Hebrew spies. Vv. 18 Unless, when we enter the land, you have tied this scarlet cord in the window through which you let us down, and unless you have ...
9
votes
3answers
2k views

Did King Hezekiah do something wrong in showing off his wealth to emissaries from Babylonia in II Kings 20?

The Hezekiah (Heb: Chizkiyahu) narrative in II Kings (chapters 17 – 20) and Isaiah (36 – 39) concludes on a dissonant and haunting confrontation between King Hezekiah and the prophet Isaiah. Hezekiah ...
8
votes
4answers
1k views

What is the tree of life in Proverbs 11:30?

While reading through Proverbs, I found a somewhat startling verse: Proverbs 11:30 (NIV) The fruit of the righteous is a tree of life, and the one who is wise saves lives. My immediate ...
9
votes
3answers
584 views

How does the Noah's Ark narrative relate to the Gilgamesh flood account?

How does the Noah's Ark narrative relate to other the Gilgamesh flood account? For reference, the Biblical flood account is in Genesis 6-10 and the Gilgamesh flood account is on Tablet XI. The ...
11
votes
2answers
265 views

Did Jephthah have pets?

Judges 11:29-40 tells the story of Jephthah's victory over the Ammonites. Before the battle he promises, "whatever comes out of the door of my house to meet me when I return in triumph from the ...
4
votes
1answer
363 views

Why was there a Sabbath year?

Leviticus mentions a 'Sabbath year' where they were supposed to give the land a rest: The LORD said to Moses on Mount Sinai, 2“Speak to the Israelites and say to them: ‘When you enter the land I ...
8
votes
4answers
14k views

What does it mean for someone to be another person's “portion”?

Searching for the word "portion" brings up a lot of results in the Bible. Sometimes it means a portion of food or of money. But what exactly does it mean in the following context: LORD, you alone ...
6
votes
3answers
325 views

What does “when children come to the moment of birth and there is no strength” mean in this context?

In 2 Kings 19 king Hezekiah faces a great threat to Jerusalem from the Assyrian king. He delivers a message to Isiah with the following words: This day is a day of distress and rebuke and ...
2
votes
0answers
29 views

Who is the captain of the Lord's Host spoken of in Joshua 5:13-15? [duplicate]

Joshua 5:13-15 And it came to pass, when Joshua was by Jericho, that he lifted up his eyes and looked, and, behold, there stood a man over against him with his sword drawn in his hand: and Joshua ...
1
vote
2answers
108 views

As in Heaven so in Earth Luke 11:2

In newer versions of the Bible the phrase "as in heaven so in earth" appears to have replaced, "on earth as it is in heaven." I have heard that the "as in heaven so in earth" phrase is part of a ...
2
votes
4answers
534 views

The Two witnesses and the Two Horns of The Beast

In Revelation 11v7 regarding the Two Witnesses we read: Now when they have finished their testimony,the beast that comes up from the Abyss will attack them and overpower and kill them. In 13v11 ...
2
votes
1answer
11k views

What did Jesus mean by “the queen of the South”?

Answering a different question, I noticed this passage: Then some of the scribes and Pharisees answered him, saying, “Teacher, we wish to see a sign from you.” But he answered them, “An evil and ...
0
votes
1answer
50 views

How should the ending of 2 Peter 2:11 read?

Related to this question, I noticed that the ending of 2 Peter 2:11 is translated respectively by the NIV and ESV as "from the Lord" and "before the Lord." From what I can tell this seems to be owing ...
0
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the original Greek translation of John 1:1? [duplicate]

Regarding John 1:1, I really want to know if the correct translation of the verse from Greek to English should contain the word God or the words a God?
4
votes
2answers
631 views

Does the New Testament predict Jesus' return on Rosh Hashanah?

The day of the Lord's return is sometimes associated with trumpets in the New Testament: For the Lord himself will descend from heaven with a cry of command, with the voice of an archangel, and ...
22
votes
7answers
13k views

What does it mean to be “born of water”?

In John 3:5, Jesus tells Nicodemus that to enter the kingdom one must be "born of water and the Spirit". How is this phrase understood? Is it a single construct (i.e. one birth of both water and ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

In John 3:16, is the word believe a continous action for everlasting life?

Is eternal life in John 3:16 conditional on continous belief in Jesus Christ? The word "believe" in this verse is a present participle verb. Thanks very much!
0
votes
3answers
2k views

Who are eunuchs of their mother's womb?

For there are some eunuchs, which were so born from [their] mother's womb: and there are some eunuchs, which were made eunuchs of men: and there be eunuchs, which have made themselves eunuchs for ...
6
votes
5answers
2k views

The two winged women in Zechariah 5

Angels are often portrayed as winged women. Even aside from the fact that those who are clearly angels in the Bible do not appear as winged women, I have not seen any evidence that the winged women ...
5
votes
2answers
153 views

To what degree is understanding the feelings of a biblical author necessary in exegesis?

I find that miscommunication is often about feelings and not words. Ancient writings requires linguistics, history and cultural knowledge to provide accurate English versions that convey the original ...
10
votes
2answers
280 views

“which translated means…”

I am told that many scholars believe that the words of Jesus which we have presented to us in Greek were originally spoken in Aramaic. What confuses me then is why there are instances in the Greek ...
3
votes
2answers
248 views

What conclusions can be drawn from the change in verb tense of “believe” in Acts 16:31 & 16:34?

In Acts 16:31 the word "believe" is in the aorist tense (undefined action). In Acts 16:34 the word "believe" is in the perfect tense. What conclusions can be drawn exegetically from the change in verb ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

What does it mean for a man to leave his father and mother?

Genesis 2:24 says that a man should leave his parents after marriage: Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh. Jesus ...
1
vote
1answer
197 views

Meaning of number 7 in relation to Job's friends

When Job's three friends observed Job after his second test from Satan, Job 2 v13 says "then they sat on the ground with Job for seven days and seven nights". At the end of the book God is angry with ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Explanation of Chronological Disparities between St. John and the Synoptic Gospels Concerning Jesus' Passion

Significant chronological disparities exist between St. John's telling of the life and death of Jesus and those of the synoptic gospels. For instance, St. John discusses a lot of Jesus' ministry, ...
2
votes
2answers
919 views

What is the socio-historical significance of the “cup of cold water” in Matthew 10:42

In Matthew 10:40-42, Jesus identifies himself with his disciples and lays some expectations for how he expects them to be treated. I'm curious, though, about the the significance of his "cup of cold ...
2
votes
2answers
184 views

Was casting the lot in Acts 1:26 a vote or a lottery?

When choosing a replacement for Judas, there are two candidates, and in Acts 1:26, we read (ESV): And they cast lots for them, and the lot fell on Matthias, and he was numbered with the eleven ...
6
votes
4answers
270 views

Why is “rega`” translated “peace” in Job 21:13?

Job 21:7-13 (ESV) Why do the wicked live, reach old age, and grow mighty in power? Their offspring are established in their presence, and their descendants before their eyes. Their houses ...

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