10
votes
3answers
13k views

Why did the witnesses lay their coats at Paul's feet?

During the stoning of Stephen, according to the book of Acts, "the witnesses laid their coats at the feet of a young man named Saul," who later converted to Christianity and took the name Paul. ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Does John distinguish between terms for love?

It's fairly common knowledge that there are four Greek words for love, but it's not clear from the Wikipedia article whether certain distinctions persist from Ancient Greek to Koine, namely the ...
5
votes
4answers
293 views

Was there an astronomical origin of the Star of Bethlehem in Matthew 2?

In Matthew 2:1-12, there are mentions of the Star of Bethlehem, specifically Matthew 2:2 and asked, “Where is the one who has been born king of the Jews? We saw his star when it rose and have ...
7
votes
2answers
547 views

Why would Darius be called king of Assyria?

Ezra 6 begins with a letter from King Darius concerning the temple of God in Jerusalem that whatever materials or resources are needed for its completion be given, even if it means being paid out of ...
7
votes
1answer
72 views

Different versings of Genesis 32

Christian versions of the Bible seem to have a different versing scheme than Jewish ones for Genesis chapter 32. What is the first verse in the Hebrew versions is the last verse of 31 in the Jewish ...
4
votes
1answer
399 views

Why is Sarah the only woman with an age mentioned in Genesis?

Abraham's wife Sarah is the only female in Genesis for whom an age is ever mentioned. We can read the span of her life (127 years per Genesis 23:1). However, even in advance of when she became ...
8
votes
2answers
373 views

Who is the Artaxerxes of Ezra 7?

Ezra 7:7 mentions a Persian king Artaxerxes: Some of the Israelites, including priests, Levites, musicians, gatekeepers and temple servants, also came up to Jerusalem in the seventh year of King ...
8
votes
3answers
518 views

Why does Jesus clear the temple so early in John's gospel?

John 2:13-22 is the story of Jesus clearing the temple. In Mark's gospel, the same thing happens in the final week before Jesus' death. What is John's purpose in including this so early in the text? ...
5
votes
1answer
112 views

Why is the participle ὢν in John 9:25 translated into English as past tense?

In John 9:25, the Greek text according to Robert Estienne's 1550 Textus Receptus is: ἀπεκρίθη οὖν ἐκεῖνος καὶ εἶπεν, Εἰ ἁμαρτωλός ἐστιν οὐκ οἶδα ἓν οἶδα ὅτι τυφλὸς ὢν ἄρτι βλέπω The King James ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Does the New Testament use the divine name “Yahweh”?

"Yahweh" is a Hebrew word meaning "I am" and is the name by which God identified Himself in the Old Testament. What I am wondering is if (from a NT perspective) the name "Yahweh" has any significance, ...
3
votes
2answers
246 views

Why are the “crowns” on the “Heads” of the Beast with 7 Heads and 10 Horns in Rev. 12:3, and the “crowns” are on the “Horns” in Rev. 13:1?

In Rev. 12:3 we see the crowns on the 'Heads', in Rev. 13:1 we see the crowns on the 'Horns'. Since this 'Beast' is Figurative-as those in the 'literalist' camp(J.N. Darby, John Walvoord) would ...
-3
votes
1answer
590 views

Which are the Ten Commandments?

Here are the ten commandments in Exodus 20:2-17 (Wikisource): I am Yahweh your God, who took you out of the land of Egypt, from the slave-house. You will have no other Gods in my presence. ...
7
votes
2answers
344 views

What is the significance of the author of Genesis using two different designations for God?

In Genesis 4:25; 6:3,6-8, 9-22; 7:1, 9, 16a/b; 8:1-19, 20-22, we see the author using two designations for God, “Yahweh”, and “Elohim”. What is the significance, if any, of the author bouncing back ...
5
votes
3answers
833 views

Who did Jesus preach to in 1 Peter 3:19?

1 Peter 3:19 says that Jesus preached unto spirits in prison; are these spirits associated with the angels of 2 Peter 2:4 and Jude 1:6? If not who were the spirits that He preached to?
7
votes
1answer
5k views

What did Jesus mean in John 20:23 when he talked about his followers forgiving sins?

What did Jesus mean in John 20:23 when he said, “If you forgive the sins of any, their sins have been forgiven them; if you retain the sins of any, they have been retained”? According to other ...
1
vote
2answers
173 views

Does the Gospel of Thomas help in reproducing the hermeneutical methods of the apostles?

The assumed genre of a work affects how it is interpreted. Most have assumed the Gospel of Thomas is a Gnostic work and attempt to interpret it literally as such. This question has nothing to do ...
3
votes
1answer
576 views

What does Jesus imply when posing a question in Mark 2:9?

Which is easier, to say to the paralytic, ‘Your sins are forgiven,’ or to say, ‘Rise, take up your bed and walk’? (Mark 2:9 ESV) I've always read this as a rhetorical question which insists that ...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

Why does the Hebrew word “chesed” in Psalm 136 have two meanings?

Psalm 136:23 & 24 use the same Hebrew word that is sometimes translated as "grace". The ESV uses "steadfast love" in those verses: It is he who remembered us in our low estate, for his ...
5
votes
1answer
219 views

What is the significance of “to them” in Gen 1:28 v 1:22

Genesis 1:22 and 1:28 start off as almost exact parallels: 22And God blessed them, saying, “Be fruitful and multiply and fill the waters in the seas, and let birds multiply on the earth.” ESV ...
1
vote
1answer
356 views

Who is the “star” that comes out of Jacob,and why will he crush the foreheads of Moab, and the skulls of all the sons of Sheth.?

In Numbers:24-17,with reference to Balaam's fourth Oracle,it is written, (NIV) "I see him but not now, I behold him, but not near. A star will come out of Jacob,a sceptre will rise out ...
7
votes
1answer
232 views

What led to the division of Ezra-Nehemiah?

Modern consensus is that the books of Ezra and Nehemiah actually comprise a single work which was subsequently divided into two. How is it that scholars realized this was the same book (Does it have ...
7
votes
3answers
488 views

Where does the extra information about Melchizedek come from in Hebrews 7?

The Genesis account of Abraham's encounter with Melchizedek leaves us with powerful few details about his life, yet later on the author of Hebrews clearly uses his priestly work as a type of Christ, ...
5
votes
2answers
303 views

What is the “great mystery” in Ephesians 5:32? [duplicate]

What is the "great mystery" that the apostle Paul refers? Ephesians 5:32 (NASB) This mystery is great; but I am speaking with reference to Christ and the church. Jonh Piper says about that ...
2
votes
1answer
208 views

Noah - 600 before his 600th

In Genesis 7:6 we read Noah was 600 years old when the flood landed. Only four verses later we read he'd been in his 600th year when the flood began. Why would the author write of the events in that ...
4
votes
1answer
134 views

How was the Holy Spirit being seen (perceived) in Acts 8?

We see that Simon in Samaria believed from Phillip's preaching and was baptized: Simon himself believed and was baptized (Acts 8:3) When the apostles Peter and John arrived to Samaria, Simon ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

What “filthiness of the flesh and spirit” is Paul talking about in 2 Cor. 7:1?

What "filthiness of the flesh and spirit" is Paul talking about in 2 Cor 7:1? Firstly, he is talking about himself and his co-workers in the most of chapter 6: We then, as workers together with ...
0
votes
2answers
285 views

How many Greek words could be used to translate the Hebrew for day of rest?

When I look into the Hebrew text I see at least 3 different spellings of what we translate into English as day or rest or more commonly "Sabbath". So how many different words in Greek are used to ...
4
votes
1answer
209 views

Is there archaeological evidence to suggest that the locust plague in Exodus 10:15 spread over a larger area?

Exodus 10:15 states: They covered the face of the whole land, so that the land was darkened, and they ate all the plants in the land and all the fruit of the trees that the hail had left. Not a ...
2
votes
2answers
234 views

Why is Satan, clearly a living being (fallen angel) who spoke to God and Jesus, called “the satan”?

I first saw 'the satan' on Wikipedia. Satan is listed 49 times in the Hebrew Bible and New Testament. I did not look at every verse, but of the many I did review, not one is translated 'the satan'. ...
1
vote
3answers
2k views

What is the proper translation in English, for Pi Hahiroth.?

In Exodus 14:1-2 it is written, Then the Lord said to Moses, "Tell the Israelites to turn back and camp near Pi Hahiroth." I have looked on the internet to find the translation,and each source ...
6
votes
2answers
271 views

What is the outer darkness referred to in Matthew?

In the book of Matthew and none of the other Gospels he quotes Jesus as having said they would be cast into the outer darkness. Matthew 8:12 KJV But the children of the kingdom shall be cast out ...
2
votes
1answer
64 views

What means “to lot” in the New Testament's context? [duplicate]

When I read about the Judas substitute in early church I become very curious about "to give lot" to choose the new apostle. And they put forward two, Joseph called Barsabbas, who was surnamed ...
8
votes
1answer
405 views

What is the proper translation of Revelation 13:1?

I was reading Revelation 13:1 and compared how it was translated in the NASB ("And the dragon stood on the sand of the seashore") and how it was translated in the KJV ("And I stood on the sand of the ...
5
votes
4answers
406 views

Internal Evidence of Authorship of the Fourth Gospel

By the "fourth gospel," I mean the gospel commonly attributed to an "apostle John." However, is there actually an internal evidence that someone named John wrote the fourth gospel, as is commonly ...
11
votes
1answer
212 views

“dancing” or “beat time with his feet” in 2 Samuel 6:14?

Frank Garlock says in his The Language of Music that 2 Samuel 6:14: Enthusiasts of contemporary Christian music and Christian Rock sometimes cite the Old Testament scripture where David led the ...
8
votes
4answers
1k views

Who incited David to take a census and what's wrong with taking a census anyway?

According to 2 Samuel 24:1 (NRSV) Again the anger of the Lord was kindled against Israel, and he incited David against them, saying, "Go, count the people of Israel and Judah." But according to ...
-1
votes
4answers
681 views

At what time did Jesus rise from the tomb?

I basically want to know if anyone has any concrete knowledge of Jesus being in the tomb any time beyond the end of the Sabbath day. I am not looking for any assumptions. Assumptions as in the case of ...
9
votes
3answers
3k views

What was Er's sin?

In response to this question asked by JonEricson. Genesis 38:6-11 (NJPS): Judah got a wife for Er his first-born; her name was Tamar. But Er, Judah’s first-born, was displeasing to the Lord, and ...
2
votes
1answer
128 views

Interpreting Genesis 39:19

In Genesis 39:19 we find this: So it was, when his master heard the words which his wife spoke to him, saying, “Your servant did to me after this manner,” that his anger was aroused. Did ...
2
votes
1answer
578 views

1 Timothy 6:10: “For the love of money is the root of all [kinds of?] evil”

There is some debate as to the accuracy of various English translations of this verse. 1 Timothy 6:10 (Textus Receptus) ῥίζα γὰρ πάντων τῶν κακῶν ἐστιν ἡ φιλαργυρία ἡς τινες ὀρεγόμενοι ...
13
votes
5answers
5k views

Where is the citation of John 7:38 taken from?

Whoever puts his trust in me, as the Scripture says, rivers of living water will flow from his inmost being!" (John 7:38 CJB) I always read John 7:38 as "If I believe like the scripture ...
3
votes
1answer
123 views

Did Avraham marry Hagar? Did Ya'akov marry Zilpah?

In Gen. 16:3, it is written that Sarah וַתִּתֵּן אֹתָהּ לְאַבְרָם אִישָׁהּ לֹו לְאִשָּׁה, that is, "gave her (Hagar) to her husband Avraham for a wife." For a wife - לְאִשָּׁה In Gen. 30:9, it is ...
4
votes
1answer
285 views

What can we infer about archangel(s) from the text of the Bible? [closed]

Among the Christians I know it is believed that Michael is the only Archangel because only he is mentioned as being one (I realize the flaw, but believed nonetheless). However, there are several ...
4
votes
3answers
503 views

Why is Hadēs translated as “hell”?

In Matt. 16:18 (KJV), it is written, And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. κἀγὼ δέ ...
25
votes
7answers
19k views

Did Jephthah actually sacrifice his daughter?

It's clear that what Jephthah intended was to sacrifice the first animal that he met when he returned home: Then the spirit of the Lord came upon Jephthah. He marched through Gilead and Manasseh, ...
-3
votes
1answer
1k views

Is the Valley of Hinnom adequately translated as hell?

Transliteration vs. Translation vs.Travesty vs. Allegory Gehenna or Valley of Hinnom or Djennem or Hell? Through the prophecy and book of Jeremiah the Valley of Hinnom (ge hinnom) east of Jerusalem ...
5
votes
2answers
508 views

What does it actually mean “Judge not, that ye be not judged”?

Judge not, that ye be not judged (Matthew 7:1) I have always considered the verb "to judge" to have two meanings: one is to judge in the position of the one having the authority of a judge, that ...
1
vote
2answers
5k views

Hebrews 9:12 - Did Jesus Christ offer his blood in heaven?

Hebrews 9:12 Greek Text: οὐδὲ δι᾽ αἵματος τράγων καὶ μόσχων διὰ δὲ τοῦ ἰδίου αἵματος εἰσῆλθεν ἐφάπαξ εἰς τὰ ἅγια αἰωνίαν λύτρωσιν εὑράμενος King James Version: Neither by the blood of ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

Do the Mari or Armana documents substantiate the Exodus account of wandering in the desert?

I heard a verbal account of a historic source called the Mari documents that appear to be letters written from Egypt to Vassal Kings warning of the Habiru people—unreliable wandering gypsies who are a ...
6
votes
2answers
295 views

What would Jesus' qualifications have been for a “worthy” person for the disciples to stay within the Matthew 10 narrative?

When Jesus sends the twelve out in Matthew 10, he gives them instructions for what to do when they enter a city that include finding "worthy" citizens there. Matthew 10:11-13 (NASB) 11  And ...

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