5
votes
3answers
3k views

Who are the “third and fourth generation” in Exodus 20:5?

“You shall not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. You shall not bow ...
2
votes
1answer
41 views

Is there an English translation of Graetz's “Kohelet”?

Heinrich Graetz wrote a commentary to Ecclesiastes in German in 1871 (viewable here) which is quoted relatively widely among modern scholars. I would like to read it (especially the Introduction) in ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

The splitting of the Mount of Olives

Daniel Block, in his commentary on Ezekiel, speaks of a style in that book of resumptive exposition, in which a theme is initially dealt with briefly, and later examined in much more detail. Zechariah ...
13
votes
5answers
2k views

How should James 2:18 be translated?

James, when making the argument that faith without works is dead, makes this statement: James 2:18-19 (ESV) 18  But someone will say, “You have faith and I have works.” Show me your faith ...
6
votes
1answer
285 views

2 Tim 4:17: “I was delivered from the lion’s mouth” - Is this about Colosseum?

But the Lord stood at my side and gave me strength, so that through me the message might be fully proclaimed and all the Gentiles might hear it. And I was delivered from the lion’s mouth (2 Tim ...
-1
votes
2answers
180 views

The accuracy of Stephen's claims about persecution of the prophets

Stephen, the first martyr, asks a question in Acts 7:51-52 (ESV): "You stiff-necked people, uncircumcised in heart and ears, you always resist the Holy Spirit. As your fathers did, so do you. ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

Speaking to stocks and stones?

In Jeremiah 2:27 why might the example of people speaking to stocks and stones be given? Is there any specific reason? Jeremiah 2:27 Saying to a stock, Thou art my father; and to a stone, Thou hast ...
4
votes
1answer
94 views

Jam 4:11: judging a brother = judging the law?

Speak not evil one of another, brethren. He that speaketh evil of his brother, and judgeth his brother, speaketh evil of the law, and judgeth the law: but if thou judge the law, thou art not a ...
6
votes
4answers
4k views

How are we to take the fact that Lot offered his daughters for rape?

In Genesis two angels visited Sodom and Gomorrah to check what's what. The residents of the town wanted to rape the angels (who had visited the most virtuous man in the town, Lot). Lot to protect the ...
8
votes
3answers
870 views

Was Deborah considered a sub-optimal leader?

I've sometimes heard that Deborah was allowed to be a leader of Israel only because no man stepped up to the responsibility. However, when she is introduced there is no indication of that: ...
0
votes
3answers
202 views

Esther 4:14 observation & translation

How should Esther 4:14 be translated and understood? For if you keep silent at this time, relief and deliverance will rise for the Jews from another place, but you and your father's house will ...
15
votes
6answers
1k views

What role does the Holy Spirit play in hermeneutics?

Christians believe that they have an indwelling of the Holy Spirit who acts as a counselor and guide, enabling them to rightly understand God's word. How does the role of the Holy Spirit in ...
2
votes
2answers
935 views

Can Hosea 6:1-3 be interpreted as a prophecy of Jesus' resurrection? [closed]

Hosea 6:1-3 reads: “Come, let us return to the LORD; for he has torn us, that he may heal us; he has struck us down, and he will bind us up. After two days he will revive us; on the ...
5
votes
3answers
4k views

What was meant by “paradise” when Jesus spoke to the thief on the cross?

As he was crucified, Jesus engaged in a conversation with one of the other thieves hung along side him. at the end is this pronouncement: Luke 23:43 (ESV) 43 And he said to him, "Truly, I say to ...
3
votes
1answer
84 views

What do pronouns “their” in Mark 9:43-48 refer to?

Mar 9:43-4: And if thy hand offend thee, cut it off: it is better for thee to enter into life maimed, than having two hands to go into hell, into the fire that never shall be quenched. Where ...
9
votes
1answer
2k views

Herod The Fox: Luke 13-32

In the book of Luke chapter 13 v 32, Jesus refers to Herod as "that Fox": 32And he said to them, “Go and tell that fox, ‘Behold, I cast out demons and perform cures today and tomorrow, and the ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

Who are the disciples to fear in Matthew 10:28?

Who is Jesus telling the disciples to fear here in Matthew 10:28 (ESV): "And do not fear those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul. Rather fear him who can destroy both soul and body in ...
5
votes
1answer
251 views

Was the ending of Matthew 28 added later?

In 1905, E.W. Bullinger said that portions of Matthew 28:19 are not found in all Greek manuscripts. Is it true that there is no surviving copy of Matthew 28 before the 3rd century? Was this ending ...
6
votes
4answers
780 views

Who/what are the two witnesses in Revelation 11?

In Revelation 11:3-12, God says he will appoint his two witnesses - "two olive trees", "two lampstands" - as prophets for 1260 days. They end up being overpowered and killed by the beast, seemingly in ...
10
votes
1answer
2k views

Did Jesus not heal the crippled beggar at the gate Beautiful?

One day Peter and John were going up to the temple at the time of prayer—at three in the afternoon. Now a man crippled from birth was being carried to the temple gate called Beautiful, where he was ...
8
votes
1answer
138 views

What signs does Q show of stages of composition?

Regarding the Jesus Seminar, N.T. Wright writes in Jesus and the Victory of God: Great reliance has been placed on the work of John Kloppenborg, who has painstakingly analysed the Q material into ...
5
votes
1answer
125 views

Spiritually or Symbolically Called, and Whose Lord in Revelation 11:8?

The King James Version of the Bible translates Revelation 11:8 (emphasis mine) as: And their dead bodies shall lie in the street of the great city, which spiritually is called Sodom and Egypt, ...
11
votes
2answers
299 views

Why isn't there a taxonomic distinction between clean and unclean birds?

Leviticus 11:13-19 has a list of non-kosher birds that match a list in Deuteronomy 14:11-18 (NJPS): You may eat any clean bird. The following you may not eat: the eagle, the vulture, and the black ...
6
votes
2answers
458 views

Why does Matthew link Jesus' healing miracles to the title “Son of David?”

A number of people have pointed out that Matthew seems to specifically link the healing miracles of Jesus to his title as "Son of David." Some examples: 9:27 – As Jesus went on from there, two ...
3
votes
3answers
3k views

When was Jesus's body 'broken'?

John says that Jesus's body won't be broken: Lu 22:19 (for context): And he took bread, and gave thanks, and brake it, and gave unto them, saying, This is my body which is given for you: this do ...
3
votes
1answer
183 views

How could the repentance of the early Ninevites in response to Jonah's message have led to “the destruction of the Jews?”

In his commentary on Jonah 1:3, Eusebius Sophronius Hieronymus (better known as Jerome), asserted that Jonah fled to Tarshish because his insight led him to believe that the repentance of the Gentiles ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Why is a seer called a prophet?

In 1: Samuel 9v9 it is written, (Formerly in Israel,if a man went to enquire of God,he would say,"come let us go to the seer," because the prophet of today used to be called a seer.) My ...
8
votes
1answer
788 views

Coherence-Based Genealogical Method vs. Local Text-Types Theory

The NA28 text marks a departure from the traditional methodology of textual criticism. As described by Jeff Kloha in the Concordia Theology Journal, Previous generations learned to classify ...
2
votes
1answer
271 views

Meaning of “common good” in 1 Corinthians 12:7

1 Corinthians 12:7 (NIV): Now to each one the manifestation of the Spirit is given for the common good. In light of the ensuing context, is "common good" here only for the 'body of Christ' (v. ...
10
votes
3answers
492 views

In Luke 1:62 it states they made signs for Zechariah but he could hear just not speak so why make signs?

New International Version Luke 1:62 Then they made signs to his father, to find out what he would like to name the child. Why did they make signs as he could hear what they were saying. The Bible ...
7
votes
1answer
374 views

Are the five books of Psalms somehow related to the Pentateuch?

On another question, Mike Bull suggests that there is a link between the five fold structure of the Psalms and that of Torah. I know he is not the only one to have suggested this before, but I'm ...
2
votes
2answers
579 views

Why does Genesis 28:12 note that angels were going up and down the ladder?

In Genesis 28:12 and following we read about Jacob's dream (empahsis mine): And he dreamed, and behold, there was a ladder set up on the earth, and the top of it reached to heaven. And behold, the ...
5
votes
1answer
495 views

The Latin word lucifer in the Vulgate

The word "Lucifer" in the A.V. of Isaiah 14:12, How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! [how] art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations! is derived ...
6
votes
1answer
313 views

Does 2 Corinthians 9:6 indicate a reaping of earthly wealth?

Does 2 Corinthians 9:6 indicate a reaping of earthly wealth? The point is this: whoever sows sparingly will also reap sparingly, and whoever sows bountifully will also reap bountifully.ESV The ...
3
votes
3answers
338 views

Was the discounting by the manager in Luke 16 a dishonest act?

The shrewd manager in Luke 16 discounted the debts in order to win favor with the debtors. What hermeneutic principle should be used to determine if this was an evil act, or just good business?
2
votes
1answer
51 views

Does Hebrews 13:24 establish the provenance of the Epistle to the Hebrews?

In Hebrews 13:24, the author writes: Greet all your leaders and all the Lord’s people. Those from Italy send you their greetings. (NIV) Should this be read as indicating that the letter was ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Where was Paul imprisoned when he wrote Philemon?

Several times in the letter to Philemon, Paul mentions his chains or his imprisonment. In verse 10 he mentions that Onesimus became his son while Paul was in chains. Where was Paul imprisoned when he ...
4
votes
2answers
398 views

Land of Nod a real city?

Genesis 4:16 KJV And Cain went out from the presence of the LORD, and dwelt in the land of Nod, on the east of Eden Is the land of Nod a real location or does it mean Cain wandered round east ...
4
votes
1answer
548 views

What is the original text of Deuteronomy 32:8-9?

4QDeutj "When Elyon gave the nations as an inheritance, when he separated the sons of man, he set the boundaries of the peoples according to the number of the sons of God (bny 'l[hym]). For ...
0
votes
3answers
184 views

Does Solomon say that trades, where lifting and carrying are involved, are a punishment for sin?

Ecclesiastes 2:24-25 There is no one who has tried to enjoy life more than I have. And this is what I learned: The best thing people can do is eat, drink, and enjoy the work they must do. ...
6
votes
2answers
474 views

Does Jesus misquote Psalm 8:2?

But when the chief priests and the scribes saw the wonderful things that he did, and the children crying out in the temple, "Hosanna to the son of David!" they were indignant, and they said to ...
3
votes
2answers
159 views

How can one be in pain while dead?

Acts 2:24 (NIV): But God raised him from the dead, freeing him from the agony of death, because it was impossible for death to keep its hold on him. It is my understanding that the word ...
4
votes
1answer
139 views

Was the 'Great Bible' a translation from Latin or from original Hebrew and Greek scriptures?

The Coverdale Translation and the Great Bible were both the work of Miles Coverdale. To the best of my knowledge Coverdale relied heavily on the works of other translators, especially William Tyndale. ...
3
votes
3answers
413 views

Eat my flesh and drink my blood

Jesus says in John 6 53 Jesus said to them, “Very truly I tell you, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink his blood, you have no life in you. 54 Whoever eats my flesh and drinks ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

To cover, to remain concealed, or against the covering?

1 Corinthians 11:6 seems to deal in some way with a head covering. For if a wife will not cover her head... (ESV) εἰ γὰρ οὐ κατακαλύπτεται γυνή... (SBL) The word used for "cover" in this ...
8
votes
4answers
525 views

Why does Mark mention Elijah before Moses?

In the transfiguration narrative in Matthew and Luke, the narrators mention Moses first and then Elijah second: Matthew 17:3 (NIV empahsis mine) Just then there appeared before them Moses and ...
-1
votes
1answer
846 views

I will raise you up at the last day

In many verses in John 6, Jesus says "I will raise them up at the last day". Does that mean to literally "revived" the ones who ate his body and drank his blood? Or what does it mean? Thanks!
6
votes
1answer
205 views

Is 1 Corinthians 6:9-10 intended to be prescriptive or descriptive?

1 Corinthians 6 is often used as evidence that some actions, such as homosexuality, are incompatible with Biblical teaching. 9Or do you not know that wrongdoers will not inherit the kingdom of ...
10
votes
1answer
192 views

Is there any research that challenges the standard definition of 'προορίζω' (predestine)? [closed]

The definition of προορίζω in the Enhanced Strong's Lexicon is: 4309 Six occurrences; AV translates as “predestinate” four times, “determine before” once, and “ordain” once. 1 to predetermine, ...
-1
votes
1answer
159 views

What is the best translation of πᾶς ἀνὴρ in 1 Cor 11:4?

I have been doing a detailed study of 1 Cor 11:4, and I need to know if the two Greek words πᾶς ἀνὴρ should have been translated as Men, everyone -or- Every man I do realize that most bibles ...

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