4
votes
2answers
93 views

Is there a case to be made that Luke wrote the book of Hebrews?

When I compare and contrast the writings in the book of Romans versus Hebrews they sound very different and in some cases a bit contradictory to each other. Paul emphasizes the certainty of salvation ...
8
votes
2answers
139 views

We shall be like him because we shall see him as he is?

1 John 3:2: Ἀγαπητοί νῦν τέκνα θεοῦ ἐσμεν, καὶ οὔπω ἐφανερώθη τί ἐσόμεθα. οἴδαμεν ὅτι ἐὰν φανερωθῇ, ὅμοιοι αὐτῷ ἐσόμεθα, ὅτι ὀψόμεθα αὐτὸν, καθώς ἐστιν. (UBS5) Beloved, we are God's ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

Jewish interpretation of Daniel 7:13-14

As a Reformed Christian, a take a Christological reading of Daniel 7:13-14: I saw in the night visions, and behold, with the clouds of heaven there came one like a son of man, and he came to ...
7
votes
3answers
16k views

What Is The Aorist Tense Of A Verb? [closed]

I've read that one of the difficulties of translating New Testament Greek is the presence of the aorist tense of verbs in Greek. I think I understand what is meant by "aorist tense" in that it seems ...
4
votes
1answer
114 views

Could μονογενής mean simply “unique”?

In this article Hebrew scholar Michael Heiser makes the claim that the term μονογενής (monogenēs) in John 3:16 means "unique" rather than "only-begotten." However, he does not provide citations, ...
9
votes
1answer
319 views

“Overcome” vs “comprehend” in John 1:5

John 1:5 reads in the ESV: The light shines in the darkness, and the darkness has not overcome it. I recently heard the KJV quoted and was struck by the difference: And the light shineth in ...
5
votes
2answers
4k views

Paul, apostle to the Gentiles, Peter, to the Jews… But Peter brought the gospel to the Gentiles?

Why does Paul say the following when Acts 10 shows Peter bringing the gospel to the Gentiles? ... the gospel for the uncircumcised had been committed to me, as the gospel for the circumcised ...
6
votes
1answer
793 views

Why is the dividing of clothes considered the fulfillment of scripture?

In John 19:24 it's written: “Let’s not tear it,” they said to one another. “Let’s decide by lot who will get it.” This happened that the scripture might be fulfilled that said, “They ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

Did all the Israelite women and the male Levites 20+ years old die in the wilderness or not?

The Judgment of Wilderness Death NOTE: All English translations are NKJV When "all the congregation" refused to enter Canaan, with "all the children of Israel ... the whole congregation" complaining ...
3
votes
4answers
3k views

In John 18, who was high priest at the time of Jesus' arrest?

First the text in John 18 (NIV) seems to make clear that Caiaphas was high priest: 18:13 They bound him and brought him first to Annas, who was the father-in-law of Caiaphas, the high priest that ...
9
votes
2answers
256 views

Is Romans 1:17 ambiguous?

ESV: 17 For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith for faith, as it is written, “The righteous shall live by faith.” The NIV and KJV read similarly. I have always understood the ...
-1
votes
1answer
603 views

What is the true name of our creator? [closed]

I want to know the true name of our creator. Can anyone tell me and show me some evidence written on the bible?
14
votes
6answers
8k views

What is the head covering referring to in 1 Corinthians 11:4-6?

There's a passage of text that has always confused me. I'm curious if there's any special historical context for this passage or if there's some understanding of these commands that I'm completely ...
4
votes
2answers
618 views

Why were 'The Edomites' in Jerusalem, when the city fell to the 'Babylonians.'?

Reading Psalm:137, it is written in verse 7 (NIV) Remember ,O Lord,what the Edomites did on the day Jerusalem fell. "Tear it down", they cried, "tear it down to its foundations!" ...
13
votes
8answers
2k views

What does it mean for Jesus to fulfill the law?

In Matthew 5:17, Jesus says he didn't come to abolish the law or Prophets but to fulfill them. What does it mean to "fulfill the law"?
4
votes
1answer
127 views

In Acts 3:20, Is Peter Referring to Christ's Second Coming?

Acts 3:19-22 NIV Repent, then, and turn to God, so that your sins may be wiped out, that times of refreshing may come from the Lord, and that he may send the Messiah, who has been appointed ...
3
votes
1answer
252 views

Why the close parallels between the story of Elijah raising the widow’s son, in 1 Kings 17:10-24, and Jesus raising the widow’s son in Luke 7:11-16?

Some parallels between the two narratives: Both stories mention the “city gate” (1 Kings 17:10; Luke 7:12) Both stories concern raising the dead son of a widow (1 Kings 17:10,21-2; Luke 7:12) Both ...
2
votes
2answers
96 views

Is Paul saying that Jews will be saved in Romans 4:16?

So the promise is received by faith. It is given as a free gift. And we are all certain to receive it, whether or not we live according to the law of Moses, if we have faith like Abraham's. For ...
5
votes
1answer
277 views

The name of God in ancient manuscripts

I came across the following from an unofficial/unverified source: Yahu An alternative spelling and pronunciation of Yahweh, found (spelled YHW) on a circa 800 B.C.E. ostracon from Kuntillet ...
9
votes
2answers
15k views

What was the purpose of giving Jesus vinegar to drink?

What was the purpose of giving Jesus vinegar to drink ? (Mark 15:23, Matthew 27:34) Some think it was a way to mock Jesus, but others argue that the "vinegar" (with gall) was the diluted wine drunk ...
6
votes
2answers
281 views

Does Titus 2:13 refer to one person or two? [duplicate]

In the second coming of Our God, are there two persons who will appear in the clouds? Titus 2:13 (KJV) Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour ...
7
votes
0answers
73 views

What were the historical reasons why Revelation was included in most Christian canons? [duplicate]

According to Wikipedia: Revelation was the last book to be accepted into the Christian biblical canon, and even at the present day some Nestorian churches reject it. It was tainted because the ...
3
votes
2answers
102 views

What is the significance of locations in hermeneutics? Amos 5:4-6 as case passage

How far and how literally do named locations inform us of the recipients of a proclamation or prophecy? There are many passages where the recipient is known already, both contextually in the book and ...
-5
votes
1answer
123 views

Double-doubt about Numbers 12:6-8, the Speaker cannot be (or include) Jesus. (so no Trinity here) [closed]

The speaker of these verses cannot be (or include) Jesus, so where is there a Trinity here? Who is the LORD addressing in the text, and what is the lack of fear in speaking against Moses about? ...
4
votes
1answer
120 views

Does Job intend to see God “in” or “without” his flesh in Job 19:26?

Job 19:26 reads: And after my skin has been thus destroyed, yet in my flesh I shall see God.(ESV) The ESV footnote on the word in says, “or without”. The NET note: This could mean “without ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

What happens to a Paidagogos (in Gal. 3.24) when the son grows up?

Depending on your translation, the law has been either a guardian, a nursemaid, or a teacher that is supposed to bring us to Christ. That nanny's role is to guide and protect the child, as well as ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

How should “ektroma ” be translated in 1 Corinthians 15:8?

Paul delivers his famous account of the death and resurrection of Jesus: For I delivered to you as of first importance what I also received: that Christ died for our sins in accordance with the ...
2
votes
0answers
31 views

Did Alcimus give away the crown of the High Priest?

Did Alcimus give away the crown of the High Priest (Exo 28:36)? Or another golden crown? "Came to king Demetrius in the year one hundred and fifty, presenting unto him a crown of gold, and a ...
5
votes
1answer
127 views

Does Isaiah 40 indicate (along with science) that the universe is expanding?

Does this passage in Isaiah indicate that the heavens (e.g. universe) is expanding, in agreement with scientific observations? Am I interpreting this correctly? It would be pretty amazing if this is ...
2
votes
1answer
281 views

What is the cause of the “greater sin” in John 19:11?

In Jesus’ conversation with Pilate in John 19:11, responding to his question, “Don’t you know that I have the authority….to crucify you?” Jesus answers: “You would have no authority over me at all ...
2
votes
1answer
74 views

What does “godliness” mean?

The word godliness is used 10-15 times in the New Testament (depending on which translation you use), most frequently in the books of 1 Timothy and 2 Peter. Some notable passages: 2 Peter 1:5-7 ...
4
votes
4answers
485 views

The word 'believe' in John 3:15-16

Does the word 'believe' in John 3:15-16 mean to believe in Jesus as the Son of God, or to believe in the message of Jesus: 15that whoever believes in him may have eternal life. 16“For God so ...
12
votes
1answer
416 views

What did Jesus likely say in John 8:58?

In John 8:58, the author quotes Jesus: . ..πρὶν Ἀβραὰμ γενέσθαι ἐγὼ εἰμί (NA28) ...before Abraham was, I am (ESV) Many have understood this as a claim to divinity, and some translations render ...
4
votes
3answers
512 views

What belief does Job refer to in Job 19:25?

Oh that my words were written! Oh that they were inscribed in a book! Oh that with an iron pen and lead they were engraved in the rock forever! For I know that my Redeemer lives, and at ...
12
votes
4answers
1k views

What does “sit” mean in the scripture “The prostitute who sits on many waters.”

In Revelation 17:1 it is written, One of the seven angels who had the seven bowls came and said to me,"Come i will show you the punishment of the great prostitute,who sits on many waters. I ...
3
votes
2answers
414 views

What did Jesus mean by 'the gates of hell'?

Jesus said that the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. And I tell you, you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. (Matt ...
2
votes
3answers
224 views

What is the “evil” Paul keeps doing in Romans 7:19?

Paul confesses that he has the desire to do what is good, but that he cannot carry it out. Quoting NIV 1984: Romans 7:19: For what I do is not the good I want to do; no, the evil I do not want ...
15
votes
7answers
2k views

Does Paul refer to his past or present evil/sin in Romans 7

In Romans 7:19, Paul says this: For I do not do the good I want, but the evil I do not want is what I keep on doing. ESV Is Paul talking about "doing evil" in his present, converted state, or ...
4
votes
4answers
277 views

In Genesis 28:13, is the Lord above or beside Jacob?

In the "Jacob's ladder" passage, some translations say that "the Lord stood above [the stairway]" (ESV, NASB, ISV, others - this seems to be the more common translation), while others say "stood ...
7
votes
1answer
763 views

How should I interpret “vineyard” in Song of Solomon?

Yesterday, I began to read again the Song of Solomon. After reading a bit, it seems to me that vineyard has several figurative meanings. * All references from NASB version. Song of Solomon ...
4
votes
4answers
6k views

Which four kingdoms are represented in the statue of Nebuchadnezzar's dream in Daniel Chapter 2?

Question is straightforward: Which four kingdoms are represented in the statue of Nebuchadnezzar's dream in Daniel Chapter 2?
3
votes
2answers
668 views

How are we to understand 'firstfruits' in 1 Corinthians 15:20-23?

1 Corinthians 15:20-23 presents Jesus as the firstfruits of those who have fallen asleep. What is the significance of 'firstfruits?' Is this related to instructions in the Hebrew Bible about ...
9
votes
6answers
1k views

Is Ecclesiastes a book of negative wisdom?

When I was younger, I thought that because Ecclesiastes was so dour, it was a sort of negative wisdom—something like, "This is how crazy you get when you don't follow God." However, this ...
3
votes
4answers
3k views

When did John The Baptist know Jesus was God's Chosen One according to John 1?

John 1:29-34: The next day John saw Jesus coming towards him and said, ‘Look, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world! This is the one I meant when I said, “A man who comes after me ...
6
votes
4answers
241 views

What did the Philippian jailer mean by “saved”?

In Acts 16:30, after the earthquake and the loosing of the chains of Paul and Silas, the Philippian jailer asks them (NA28): κύριοι, τί με δεῖ ποιεῖν ἵνα σωθῶ; Sirs, what must I do to be saved? ...
3
votes
2answers
151 views

What is it that Paul prays Ephesians will comprehend?

Writing to the Ephesians, Paul talks about his prayer life: For this reason I bow my knees before the Father, ... [that you] may have strength to comprehend with all the saints what is the breadth ...
9
votes
3answers
3k views

What are the arguments in favor of Matthean Priority?

The synoptic problem refers to scholars' attempts to understand the relationship among the gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke (known as the synoptic gospels because they have so much material in ...
6
votes
3answers
125 views

Does “Hebrew” refer to the language or the language family?

The book of Acts mentions the Hebrew language a number of times: And when he had given him permission, Paul, standing on the steps, motioned with his hand to the people. And when there was a great ...
5
votes
1answer
131 views

What was the 'testimony' that Aaron's rod was brought before?

Numbers 17:10 (KJV) And the LORD said unto Moses, Bring Aaron's rod again before the testimony, to be kept for a sign against the rebels; and you shall put away their murmurings from me, that they ...
5
votes
1answer
134 views

Is the Sermon on the Mount intended to be literal instructions?

Possibly Related Question: Did Jesus teach people to literally pluck their eye out and cut their hand off? The above PRQ is an oft-cited example of proposed hyperbole, and is used completely out ...

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