6
votes
1answer
70 views

When was Ruth written?

The setting of Ruth is in the time of the Judges. Ruth 1:1 During the time of the judges there was a famine in the land of Judah. So a man from Bethlehem in Judah went to live as a resident ...
8
votes
3answers
458 views

How was “let him take up his cross” understood by Jesus's audience?

Matthew 16:24 SBLGNT Εἴ τις θέλει ὀπίσω μου ἐλθεῖν, ἀπαρνησάσθω ἑαυτὸν καὶ ἀράτω τὸν σταυρὸν αὐτοῦ καὶ ἀκολουθείτω μοι. ESV If anyone would come after me, let him deny himself and take up ...
13
votes
2answers
286 views

“Black but beautiful” or “Black and beautiful” in Song of Songs?

Song of Songs (or "Song of Solomon") 1:5 begins as follows in the Hebrew: ... שְׁחוֹרָ֤ה אֲנִי֙ וְֽנָאוָ֔ה בְּנ֖וֹת יְרוּשָׁלִָ֑ם šĕḥôrâ ʾănî wĕnāʾwâ bĕnôt yĕrûšālāyim ... And is often ...
9
votes
4answers
311 views

What does chamushim (“fifties”) mean in Exodus 13:18?

It is easy to imagine that this word would suggest "by fifties" or, more generally, in large groups, or even "in an regimented way like an army," but on what grounds do so many English versions turn ...
10
votes
2answers
218 views

Can αδελφοί refer to cousins?

Matthew 13:55-56a (ESV) Is not this the carpenter's son? Is not his mother called Mary? And are not his brothers James and Joseph and Simon and Judas? And are not all his sisters with us? ...
15
votes
5answers
16k views

Why is the “give to Caesar what is Caesar's” answer so great?

After being asked whether it was right to pax taxes, Jesus repies: “Give to Caesar what is Caesar’s, and to God what is God’s.” Why is that an answer that "amazed" them? To a modern person, it ...
4
votes
2answers
297 views

What does “The psalms of David are ended” refer to?

Psalm 72 ends with the words: The prayers of David the son of Jesse are ended. Yet after this a number of Psalms, especially many of the Psalms of Ascent are attributed to David (I think ...
2
votes
2answers
584 views

What is the meaning of “Sorceress” in Exodus 22:18?

As I was reading my Bible completely through from the beginning I ran across this verse in Exodus 22:18: You should not suffer a sorceress to live. Up to this point, other than God's wonders, ...
9
votes
1answer
285 views

Who wrote Lamentations?

As part of the Meta Call for questions related to the Five Scrolls. Traditionally, Lamentations has been attributed to Jeremiah, the reason it follows Jeremiah in the Christian ordering of the Old ...
18
votes
5answers
5k views

Why is the Septuagint (LXX) significant?

What is the LXX and why is it so noteworthy that there is a Greek translation of the OT? Wouldn't it be better to reference the Hebrew original?
6
votes
4answers
875 views

What does Paul mean by “everything that does not come from faith is sin”?

In Romans 14 Paul says: But whoever has doubts is condemned if they eat, because their eating is not from faith; and everything that does not come from faith is sin. (Romans 14:23, NIV) What ...
7
votes
3answers
918 views

What basis do we have for defining Sabbatismos in Hebrews 4:9?

The word, Sabbatismos occurs in the Greek NT only once. Strongest Strong's defines it as Sabbath rest; Sabbath observance. Thayer's/Strong's defines it as a Sabbath keeping. Various English ...
7
votes
2answers
19k views

What is the meaning of “heap burning coals on his head”?

Paul, in his letter to the Romans, in a longer passage entreating his readers to love one another, quotes from Proverbs 25:21-22: Romans 12:20 NIV On the contrary: "If your enemy is hungry, feed ...
2
votes
1answer
238 views

What is hermeneutics?

Seeing as this is a site about hermeneutics, it would seem a good place to have an answer to the above question. What exactly is hermeneutics?
-4
votes
2answers
140 views

Isaiah 46:10 and the implications of verse 11: Do any modern theologians dare pay attention to verse 11?

Isaiah 46:10 is of course the famous passage which says "Declaring the end from the beginning, and from ancient times the things that are not yet done, saying, My counsel shall stand, and I will do ...
1
vote
1answer
54 views

What does it mean to be baptised for the dead? [duplicate]

1 Cor 15:29 (NASB) Otherwise, what will those do who are baptized for the dead? If the dead are not raised at all, why then are they baptized for them? What is the interpretation of this verse? I ...
8
votes
4answers
384 views

What does the “splendour of Israel” has been hurled down to earth mean?

In Lamentations 2:1 it is written: How the Lord has covered the daughter of Zion with the cloud of his anger! He has hurled down the splendour of Israel from heaven to earth, he has not ...
5
votes
1answer
144 views

What evidence exists to show that the Galatians could understand Greek?

I have seen before an atheist argument that the Galatians being migrant tribesmen from Gaul could not speak or read Greek, and therefore could not have understood an epistle in Greek, much less a ...
3
votes
0answers
30 views

Does the Bible claim the existence of unicorns, or is there a translation discrepancy? [duplicate]

Unicorns are mentioned numerous times in the 21st Century King James Bible (Numbers 23, 24; Deuteronomy 33; Job 39; Psalm 22, 29, 92; Isaiah 34) In other translations, such as the New International ...
10
votes
2answers
309 views

What is the Righteousness of God in Romans 1:17?

Romans 1:16-17 (excerpted), ESV: For I am not ashamed of the gospel . . . For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith for faith . . . SBLGNT: Οὐ γὰρ ἐπαισχύνομαι τὸ εὐαγγέλιον ...
6
votes
1answer
148 views

Inconsistent translations of Revelation 13:10?

KJV has for Revelation 13:10 He that leadeth into captivity shall go into captivity: he that killeth with the sword must be killed with the sword. Here is the patience and the faith of the ...
3
votes
2answers
138 views

“Under heaven” or “under the heavens” on day three of creation?

The ESV translation uses the terms "Heaven" and "the heavens" in verses 8 and 9 of Genesis 1 in a way I find confusing: 8And God called the expanse Heaven. And there was evening and there was ...
4
votes
1answer
82 views

Women in Galatians

Why did Paul mean in Galatians 3:27-28 when he says that all of the Galatians were one in Christ? Does this contradict what Paul had taught elsewhere about the role of women in the ekklēsia (church)? ...
4
votes
1answer
113 views

Which of Paul's letters were written to strangers?

Paul had clearly visited the Thessalonians and Corinthians prior to writing. It would seem he had not personally spent time with the Colossians prior to writing. I am thinking Romans was written to ...
4
votes
1answer
78 views

How did Paul “see that someone had faith” in Acts 14?

How did Paul see that the crippled man had faith to make him well? What does this mean? Acts 14:8-10 ESV Now at Lystra there was a man sitting who could not use his feet. He was crippled from ...
3
votes
3answers
161 views

Moses and the Rock [duplicate]

Was Moses reprimanded in Exodus 17 and Numbers 20:10-13 for not speaking (therefore showing a lack of faith in the Lord’s abilities to turn Moses' weaknesses into strength (which was why the Lord put ...
6
votes
6answers
1k views

Why doesn't Jesus give away all his money?

Jesus, said this: Jesus said to him, “If you would be perfect, go, sell what you possess and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven; and come, follow me.” ESV, Matthew 19:21 But ...
9
votes
3answers
893 views

Does Peter intend to identify the Pauline Epistles as canonical?

In 2 Peter 3:15-16, Peters states: And count the patience of our Lord as salvation, just as our beloved brother Paul also wrote to you according to the wisdom given him, as he does in all his ...
8
votes
2answers
172 views

What evidence suggests that Paul was not the author of Titus?

I am aware that only a minority of critical scholars recognize Paul as the author of Titus. What I am not sure of is why. Does "the author" say something in the letter that sounds "non-Pauline"? Does ...
1
vote
1answer
71 views

Was there only one carpenter in the village?

According to Matthew 13:55: Isn't this the carpenter's son? Isn't his mother named Mary? And aren't his brothers James, Joseph, Simon, and Judas? (NET) οὐχ οὗτός ἐστιν ὁ τοῦ τέκτονος υἱός; ...
7
votes
2answers
3k views

What is the meaning of “encircled” in Jeremiah 31:22?

Yesterday, I read Jeremiah 31:21-22 (ESV): “Set up road markers for yourself; make yourself guideposts; consider well the highway, the road by which you went. Return, O virgin Israel, ...
5
votes
4answers
567 views

Did Moses call himself the “most humble man on the planet”?

Tradition holds that Moses wrote the first five books of the bible (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy). Though some believe it was a series of authors. If we stick to tradition, is ...
3
votes
2answers
101 views

Are the thoughts of the Gentiles conflicting in Romans 2:15?

Romans 2:15 NIV They show that the requirements of the law are written on their hearts, their consciences also bearing witness, and their thoughts sometimes accusing them and at other times ...
2
votes
1answer
408 views

What did Paul mean when he said, “ We are seated in the heavenly realms”?

I am reading from the book of Ephesians at chapter 2 (NIV), which has a title, Made alive in Christ.In verse 6, Paul goes on to say, And God raised us up with Christ and seated us with him in ...
6
votes
2answers
146 views

not wishing that “any” should perish from 2 Peter 3:9

2 Peter 3:9 (NKJV): The Lord is not slow about his promise, as some think of slowness, but is patient with you, not wanting any to perish, but all to come to repentance. Does the "any" in ...
3
votes
4answers
2k views

Who is the wounded farmer in Zechariah 13:6?

Zechariah 13:6 speaks of a man wounded in the house of friends. Taken by itself, I would immediately interpret this as a Messianic reference. However, the context is the cessation of prophecy (verse ...
7
votes
2answers
521 views

Is the Son of Man passage in Matthew 25 a reference to 1 Enoch?

I've mostly heard Jesus's Son of Man title considered to be a reference to Daniel (7:13-14; 8:16-18), but the use in Matthew 25:31 of "the son of man....on the throne of his glory" sounds a lot like ...
2
votes
2answers
167 views

What are the stocks mentioned in Acts 16:24?

In Acts 16:24, it states: Receiving such orders, he threw them in the inner cell and fastened their feet in the stocks. (NET) Having received these orders, he put them into the inner cell and ...
8
votes
3answers
258 views

Is there any significance to the shift between cardinal and ordinal numbers in Genesis 1?

Genesis 1:5 uses a cardinal number "one" to describe the first day - יֹ֥ום אֶחָֽד - whereas all of the following days are modified by ordinals (WLC): 1:8 - יֹ֥ום שֵׁנִֽי 1:13 - יֹ֥ום שְׁלִישִֽׁי ...
2
votes
2answers
111 views

Jesus as Adam in the Gospels? [closed]

Can anyone point me to any modern biblical scholars (from 1700s to today), who have written about Jesus as either an Adam figure or as a covenant head based on exegesis of the Gospels? Certainly there ...
5
votes
2answers
4k views

What does Paul mean by “sound doctrine” in Titus 2:1

What does Paul mean by sound doctrine? e.g., in the following verse: Titus 2:1 (ESV) But as for you, teach what accords with sound doctrine. Today, some people talk about doctrines, some of ...
5
votes
2answers
6k views

What was the actual thorn plant that was used in Christ's crown of thorns? John 19:2

John 19:2 (HCSB) The soldiers also twisted together a crown of thorns, put it on His head, and threw a purple robe around Him. Image from The Passion of the Christ. What was the actual thorn ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

Why does John note the name of the servant whose ear was cut off?

Unlike the synoptics, John notes the name of the man whose ear was cut off during Jesus' arrest. John 18:10 - Then Simon Peter, who had a sword, drew it and struck the high priest’s servant, ...
3
votes
2answers
386 views

Did Abraham lose track of a visitor?

In Gen 18:1-2 the Lord appeared to Abraham, who then looked up and saw 3 visitors. When they began to leave, visitors turned and walked toward Sodom while the Lord remained to talk with Abraham. ...
2
votes
3answers
206 views

Why does the genealogy in Luke come after Jesus' baptism?

Matthew begins his gospel with a genealogy of Jesus, right before then introducing the birth narrative. Luke, however, waits until after the story is somewhat underway before presenting his genealogy ...
1
vote
1answer
3k views

Where is God coming from in Habakkuk 3:3, and what does that signify?

It is easy to skim through the prophets, brushing by all the unfamiliar proper nouns. However, recently I've been trying to be more attentive to the details of meaning that the prophets are including ...
4
votes
2answers
201 views

Did Elijah break the Torah by encountering ravens and/or failing to appear at Jerusalem?

Elijah is fed by "ravens" (1Ki 17:1-7), an unclean animal (Lev 11, Deut 14). Assuming he did not touch the ravens, but that the ravens had simply brought him the food - would that be against the law, ...
7
votes
1answer
160 views

Forgiveness, yes or no?

I have been reading 1 John, and, just to quote two verses, he says; 1 John 3:8 Whoever makes a practice of sinning is of the devil, for the devil has been sinning from the beginning. The reason ...
7
votes
1answer
143 views

What evidence supports Matthew as Paul's source?

There is a noteworthy scholarly position that Matthew was the first Gospel written. As such, it may have even been the first New Testament book written. If this is correct, it is likely that Matthew ...
5
votes
2answers
279 views

What does it mean to “Weep for Tammuz”?

In Ezekiel 8:14 the prophet is taken up in a vision, and shown women who "Weep for Tummuz." The passage does not explain what that means, although these women are engaged in some form of idolatry. My ...

15 30 50 per page