3
votes
4answers
672 views

Why is the greater love not to lay down one's life for one's *enemies*?

How are we to reconcile the following verses? Jn 15:13: Greater love has no one than this: to lay down one's life for one's friends. Mt 5:44,46-47: But I tell you, love your enemies and ...
-2
votes
3answers
150 views

Do 2nd Peter 3:12 and Amos 5:18 contradict each other in their advice in regard to the day of God?

Amos and 2nd Peter seem like they might be giving contradictory messages. In Peter, readers are instructed to "expect and hasten" the day of God, while Amos discourages "craving after" the day. 2 ...
5
votes
4answers
6k views

What does the Old Testament phrase 'cut off from their people' mean?

What does the Old Testament phrase 'cut off from their people' mean? I have often read it, but am having difficulty imaganing how it may have actually been practiced? If it was determined that so and ...
11
votes
1answer
622 views

How did Solomon manage to sacrifice 144000 animals?

When Solomon dedicated the temple, he sacrificed 22000 cattle and 120000 sheep. How was this done over 7 days? 1 Kings 8:63 Solomon offered a sacrifice of fellowship offerings to the LORD: ...
3
votes
2answers
113 views

The triad of Peter, James, and John

This is somewhat related to another question I've asked. A common tradition of early Christian literature is that Jesus had a core group of twelve disciples (Mark 3.14-19; Matthew 10.1-4; Luke ...
6
votes
2answers
5k views

Who are the “third and fourth generation” in Exodus 20:5?

“You shall not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. You shall not bow ...
0
votes
2answers
80 views

Ephesians 1:5 adopted sons of God [duplicate]

What is meant by adopted sons of God in Ephesians 1:5. I don't find the term anywhere else on the Bible.
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Who did Jesus preach to in 1 Peter 3:19?

1 Peter 3:19 says that Jesus preached unto spirits in prison; are these spirits associated with the angels of 2 Peter 2:4 and Jude 1:6? If not who were the spirits that He preached to?
10
votes
2answers
833 views

Why do many chinese Bibles translate “Logos” in John 1:1 as 道 (Dao)?

道(Dao) is the concept which the entire Dao De Jing seeks to expound upon and discuss. Dao De Jing is the central text of Daoist philosophy. I don't know how to define "dao" beyond an extremely ...
5
votes
2answers
370 views

What was the historical and cultural context of baptism in the time of Christ?

Throughout the New Testament, beginning with John the Baptist, the concept of baptism is portrayed historically with minimal explanation for what it is or why it is happening. This is continued ...
5
votes
0answers
72 views

Rev 20:7-8 Syntax: Gog and Magog in apposition to what?

Revelation of John 20:7-8 SBLGNT 7 Καὶ ὅταν τελεσθῇ τὰ χίλια ἔτη, λυθήσεται ὁ Σατανᾶς ἐκ τῆς φυλακῆς αὐτοῦ, 8 καὶ ἐξελεύσεται πλανῆσαι τὰ ἔθνη τὰ ἐν ταῖς τέσσαρσι γωνίαις τῆς γῆς, τὸν Γὼγ ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

Locations of the graves of the Patriarchs

The Book of Acts at 7:16-17 states that Jacob died and was "carried back to Shechem and laid in the tomb that Abraham had bought for a sum of silver from the sons of Hamor in Shechem." But Genesis ...
9
votes
3answers
417 views

Why did Jesus tell the demon-possessed man to tell others about his healing in Luke 8:39?

Jesus asks others to not tell anyone about what they have seen him do a number of times: Luke 5:14 "Don't tell anyone, but go, show yourself to the priest and offer the sacrifices that Moses ...
4
votes
1answer
380 views

The time span between Acts 2:1 and Acts 12:3

Is it possible based on the text, especially on the mentioned observation days, to tell the time span between Acts 2:1 and Acts 12:3: And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

What is the rock that dashes the feet of the fourth kingdom in Nebuchadnezzar’s Dream in Daniel 2?

Interestingly there is a magical rock that moves all by itself and attacks the fourth kingdom in Nebuchadnezzar’s Dream. What is this little rock that is so marvelous and when did (or when will it) ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

Did Jesus call God YHWH?

In Matthew 27:45-46 Jesus is recorded as saying: Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani? Based on Jesus the Phoenician Jesus called God 'EL'—which is a Phoenician God—when he was on the cross. ...
1
vote
3answers
2k views

What is the “Lot” in Proverbs 16:33

Proverbs 16:33 " The lot is cast into the lap, But its every decision is from the Lord."
2
votes
0answers
49 views

Any attestation of “century” as a meaning of “aion” around the time of Christ?

A professor (of Mathematics) from Greece told me the word αἰών means "century." Of course we know its derivatives (such as αἰώνιος) have a range of meaning in the New Testament and the Septuagint ...
3
votes
2answers
114 views

Is Deuteronomy 32:39 a monotheistic declaration?

There seems to be 2 prominent theory about torah. Torah writers are monotheist all along and that's how we got monotheism, from Torah. Torah writers are henotheistic. Israelites religions become ...
3
votes
4answers
334 views

Why does the genealogy in Luke come after Jesus' baptism?

Matthew begins his gospel with a genealogy of Jesus, right before then introducing the birth narrative. Luke, however, waits until after the story is somewhat underway before presenting his genealogy ...
3
votes
1answer
503 views

Why did Barnabas bring Paul to Antioch?

Paul had fled Jerusalem and gone to Tarsus (Acts 9:28-30). Later (Acts 11:22-26): News of this [Jews and Gentiles following Jesus in Antioch] reached the church in Jerusalem, and they sent ...
5
votes
4answers
5k views

Who are the 144,000 sealed in Revelation 7?

In Revelation 7:4-8, John hears the number of those sealed: 144,000 from the tribes of Israel (with Dan notably missing, but Manasseh rounding out the twelve). The same(?) 144,000 also appear with the ...
13
votes
2answers
1k views

Was the Revelation written in code to hide it from the Romans?

Several years ago I was intrigued with the Revelation, and began a study. Of particular interest to me was the use of symbolism. Within that study the symbolism became understandable in relation to ...
9
votes
7answers
2k views

What historical reasons resulted in Revelation being included in most Christian canons?

As a source, the book of Revelation is something of an outlier for a book of the Bible that got accepted into the canonical New Testament of most branches of Christianity: it is the only explicitly ...
7
votes
6answers
1k views

Are there any rules on which things in Revelation must be interpreted literally and which symbolically?

Are there any rules on which things in Revelation must be interpreted literally and which symbolically? The one that comes from the back of my mind is that if a certain thing or a character is already ...
3
votes
3answers
789 views

How does Peter fit the events of Acts 2 into the apocalyptic imagery of Joel?

In Act 2, the disciples of Jesus were gathered in the upper room when something extraordinary occurred which caused a stir in Jerusalem. Luke gives Peter a chance to explain in the first extended ...
5
votes
1answer
435 views

What is the distinction between symbolic and apocalyptic interpretations of Ezekiel's temple vision?

I'm studying the temple vision of Ezekiel (chapters 40-48) and I'm trying to understand and compare the various ways in which this is interpreted. As enumerated in another answer on this site here, ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Ruth's Vow to Naomi: Ancient Marriage Vow?

Ruth's vow to Naomi in Ruth 1:16-17 is used in many wedding ceremonies today. Why that is is evident in the text. 16 But Ruth said, "Do not press me to leave you or to turn back from following ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

Was the Beloved Disciple the author of the Fourth Gospel?

One very common interpretation of the Gospel of John is that the Beloved Disciple was the author of the book. (Presumably, he was interested in obscuring his identity for some reason.) But other ...
1
vote
1answer
89 views

In the New Testament, What is the Origin of “Believe In” and “Believe Into”?

Is there any Extra-Biblical source, (in Classical Greek, or Semitic sources), or a syntactical rule, behind the construction: ["πιστεύων ἐν" and "πιστεύων εἰς" + "Some Leader"]* — Or, is this ...
5
votes
2answers
115 views

Can the term “eisegesis” apply to the interpretation of Old Testament passages as prophecies specifically of Jesus?

Since the last Old Testament book was written hundreds of years before the first New Testament book, it actually makes little sense to claim that any of the OT writers had specifically Jesus in mind ...
3
votes
2answers
696 views

Was only the woman to be scourged in Leviticus 19:20?

Does Leviticus 19:20 (KJV) suggest that when a man has sex with an engaged slave woman, the woman, but not the man, is to be scourged? This does not seem fair. And whosoever lieth carnally with a ...
0
votes
3answers
2k views

How to separate exegesis from eisegesis in this example?

There is a paper put on a table in a room with five doors, each taller than the one next to it. On the paper the text reads in an ancient Egyptian language: "Behind the tallest door you will find ...
8
votes
3answers
392 views

What is the difference between πιστεύων ἐν αὐτῷ and πιστεύων εἰς αὐτὸν?

ΚΑΤΑ ΙΩΑΝΝΗΝ 3:15-16 (SBLGNT) 15 ἵνα πᾶς ὁ πιστεύων ἐν αὐτῷ ἔχῃ ζωὴν αἰώνιον. 16 Οὕτως γὰρ ἠγάπησεν ὁ θεὸς τὸν κόσμον ὥστε τὸν υἱὸν τὸν μονογενῆ ἔδωκεν, ἵνα πᾶς ὁ πιστεύων εἰς αὐτὸν μὴ ἀπόληται ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

What kind of 'death' is signified in 1 Peter 4:6 [duplicate]

For the gospel has for this purpose been preached even to those who are dead, that though they are judged in the flesh as men, they may live in the spirit according to the will of God. Is Peter ...
7
votes
3answers
336 views

“The Name of Yahweh” a name for God?

I have often been told that "name" in the Old Testament has much more weight than it does to us today. Then I noticed this passage recently: See, the Name of the Yahweh comes from afar, with ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

What is socio-rhetorical criticism?

I've heard David DeSilva and Ben Witherington III associated with the term "socio-rhetorical criticism" and Witherington even has a series of commentaries titled the "Socio-Rhetorical Commentary" ...
7
votes
3answers
923 views

Why do different English translations differ on Matthew 24:36?

This question has been separated from this one at the request of Jon Ericson. (Thanks again for the edit.) When one looks at different translations of Matthew 24:36, one finds that the KJV mentions ...
9
votes
2answers
101 views

Why are the crowds amazed when they see Jesus in Mark 9?

Mark 9:14-29 tells the story of the healing of a boy with a spirit that 'makes him mute' and causes some sort of seizure or fit. When Jesus arrives on the scene, the crowd "were greatly amazed" ...
10
votes
5answers
8k views

Revelation 21:21 - How can gold appear clear?

"And the twelve gates were twelve pearls; each one of the gates was a single pearl. And the street of the city was pure gold, like transparent glass." (Revelation 21:21 NASB) How are we to ...
8
votes
3answers
465 views

When Jesus says “your sins are forgiven”, how is that reconciled with the sacrificial system established in the old testament?

Question: Why is it necessary to verbally forgive someone of their sins as indicated in these cases when Jesus' death and their faith should be enough? If verbal forgiveness is not necessary, why ...
5
votes
1answer
67 views

Psalms superscripts: completion or choirmaster?

Many (56) of the Greek Psalms begin (in what is the superscript in English on most chapters, not represented at all in a few): Εἰς τὸ τέλος. This is a mystery to me. The NETS translates it, ...
43
votes
9answers
13k views

“A god” or “God” in John 1:1?

John 1:1 (NWT): In [the] beginning the Word was, and the Word was with God, and the Word was a god. This translation, the Jehovah's Witnesses New World Translation is, I think, unique in using ...
12
votes
1answer
556 views

Proper translation of John 1:1

Is there any particular reason why "kai Theós ēn ho Lógos" is translated "and the Word was God" and not "and God was the Word"?
1
vote
1answer
48 views

In the New Testament: What is the Gospel--that was preached?

Question: In view of Hermeneutic Consistency, and harmonizing the Biblical references of "Gospel", what was the Pragmatic, and Exegetical content of "The Gospel" message/sermon? That is, what does ...
4
votes
3answers
279 views

Why is “Elyon” Translated as “The” Most High?

I checked some bible translation here: http://www.biblestudytools.com/deuteronomy/32-8-compare.html Almost every translation translates Elyon as the Most High. The Hebrew Names Version1 translation ...
6
votes
1answer
66 views

Where is Dalmanutha?

Jesus crosses the Sea of Galilee several times from feeding the 5,000 in Mark 6 to the 4,000 in Mark 8, and He finally sails to the district of Dalmanutha: 10And immediately he got into the boat ...
-5
votes
3answers
99 views

How prominent are bible scholars that think that the “simplest reading” of some possibly polytheistic verses are the correct interpretation? [closed]

Some verses in the Torah seem to contradict a purely monotheistic interpretation. For example, deuteronomy 32:8 When the Most High gave nations as their inheritance, when he separated the human ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Pagan hairstyle forbidden in Leviticus 19, who had it?

There is a curious law in Leviticus that seems to refer to avoiding an ancient pagan rite. Do not cut the hair at the sides of your head or clip off the edges of your beard. (Leviticus 19:27) ...
3
votes
3answers
95 views

Are Exodus 24:9-11 and Exodus 24:12-14 two separate trips, or two stages in one trip?

I'm having trouble understanding the sequence of events here. first we see this: Ex. 24:9-11   Then Moses went up with Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel, and they saw ...

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