6
votes
1answer
247 views

Is “faith” a correct translation in Deut 32:20 and Hab 2:4?

I recently noticed that in the KJV, the word "faith" only appears twice in the OT: Deuteronomy 32:20 and Habakkuk 2:4. I thought maybe those anomalies were due translation so I looked up the same ...
6
votes
3answers
768 views

Is Paul suggesting that Philemon release Onesimus from slavery?

The key passage in Philemon 1:15-16 (ESV): For this perhaps is why [Onesimus] was parted from you for a while, that you might have him back forever, no longer as a bondservant but more than a ...
7
votes
4answers
2k views

Forgive us our “debts”? “sins”? “trespasses”? Which is the most accurate translation?

It seems that there are three popular versions of this passage in the Lord's prayer. "Forgive us our sins", "Forgive us our debts", and "Forgive us our trespasses". I see one version here in the ...
8
votes
2answers
329 views

Did Job believe in an afterlife where wrongs could be righted?

At the end of his life, Job seems to have been content with his lot despite his time of suffering recorded in the rest of the book. Some have suggested that the reason he had for contentment is that ...
8
votes
1answer
357 views

What does 1 Corinthians 9:27 literally say?

I'm used to reading the Bible in Finnish, so 1 Corinthians 9:27 seems very non-literal in most English translations. The Finnish 1992 translation is usually quite dynamic, but in this case it starts ...
8
votes
2answers
278 views

Did Ahaz burn up his sons in the fire or pass them through the fire?

I believe the literal translation is that he passes his sons through the fire. Does that mean that they still lived but were scarred for life, or did they lose their lives? 2 Chronicles 28:3 ...
10
votes
3answers
4k views

Comparison of English word “fool” in original Hebrew and Greek

Question is based on this comment on Christiantity SE. In the OT, the word fool is apparently used to describe atheists: The fool says in his heart, “There is no God.” Psalm 14:1 and Psalm ...
3
votes
1answer
120 views

How is Deuteronomy 22:6-7 relevant to the context surrounding it?

Deuteronomy records a lengthy exhortation by Moses to the second-generation post-exodus Israelites, in which he repeatedly urges them to love and obey God, love others, and not fall into idolatry. ...
3
votes
3answers
805 views

What is Micah 5:5-6 talking about?

Matthew 2:6 quotes Micah 2:2 as a prophesy concerning Jesus: But you, O Bethlehem Ephrathah, who are too little to be among the clans of Judah, from you shall come forth for me one who is to be ...
1
vote
2answers
70 views

Is their a name for a hermeneutic that includes experiential esthetics as a criteria of truthful exegesis?

This question is about the experience of a text. It is therefore a little lengthy because I have to provide some sample experience that I mean. Background: As a young man I was introduced to a ...
11
votes
3answers
215 views

When the Bible says “the world”, does that only include Eurasia and Africa?

I've heard this argument a few different times for different verses. (Unfortunately, I can't remember exactly which verses as that would strengthen this question quite a bit.) However, the argument ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

What does “the assembly of the LORD” refer to?

Deuteronomy 23:1-8 lists some people that are forbidden to enter "the assembly of the LORD". Deuteronomy 23:1-8 (NKJ) Those Excluded from the Congregation 1 “He who is emasculated by ...
4
votes
4answers
168 views

Is synoptic parallelism a valid hermeneutic?

I'll give an example: Matt. 4:17 (KJV) From that time Jesus began to preach, and to say, Repent: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand. Mark 1:15 (KJV) And saying, The time is fulfilled, and ...
4
votes
2answers
502 views

What does John 12:40 mean?

I'm just going to post the King James Version. Feel free to reference your preferred version at your leisure. John 12:40 He hath blinded their eyes, and hardened their heart; that they should not ...
3
votes
2answers
91 views

Is the statement about love and obedience in John 14:15 an imperative or an indicative?

In the 1984 NIV, Jesus says in John 14:15: If you love me, you will obey what I command. But in the 2011 revision, the same sentence is rendered: If you love me, keep my commands. This ...
3
votes
1answer
125 views

Is Peter's use of Tartarus adoptive of Hellenistic language or ideas?

We see here in 2 Peter 2:4 reference to what in most English translations is "hell", but in the Greek is Tartarus (as usually the footnotes note): For if God did not spare angels when they sinned, ...
4
votes
0answers
83 views

Were there 600,000 Israelites, or 600 “soldiers”? [duplicate]

This question is a follow-up from this answer where a user on Christianity.SE claimed that the Hebrew words for "thousand" and "soldier" were mixed up in the transcription and translation of the ...
1
vote
2answers
376 views

In Matthew 14 Jesus walks on the water. What are the similarities between this account and the ancient Egyptian writings about Horus?

In Matthew 14 Jesus walks on the water. What are the similarities and differences between this account and the ancient Egyptian writings about Horus from Pyramid texts in 25th Century BC? For ...
4
votes
1answer
122 views

Which hermeneutics follow the tradition of Friedrich Schleiermacher?

Friedrich Schleiermacher is often referred to as "the father of modern hermeneutics." He was a Protestant, and is highly respected by many Protestant interpreters for his contributions to the field. ...
5
votes
2answers
181 views

What does “made him to be sin” mean?

For our sake he made him to be sin who knew no sin, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God.—2nd Corinthians 5:21 (ESV) Does it mean that he was made to be sin incarnate, ...
4
votes
4answers
264 views

What does “freedom of the glory of the children of God” mean (Romans 8:21)?

In Romans 8:21 we read in the ESV: that the creation itself will be set free from its bondage to corruption and obtain the freedom of the glory of the children of God. I could make sense of ...
7
votes
2answers
274 views

In the Peshitta NT, what was the original meaning of the word often translated “first day of the week”?

Is there an Aramaic word for "week" different from "Sabbath?" Is the word for Sabbath used in the Peshitta New Testament in the following passages: But on the eve of the Sabbath, when the first ...
7
votes
2answers
115 views

Sense of περἰ in Romans 8:3

Romans 8:3 says the following καἰ περἰ ἁμαρτἰας (and for sin) Many translations suggest as an offering for sin as an alternate translation. I can see how περί can mean in place of, but is as an ...
8
votes
1answer
81 views

Will glory be revealed “in us” or “to us” in Romans 8:18?

Here's Romans 8:18 in ESV: For I consider that the sufferings of this present time are not worth comparing with the glory that is to be revealed to us. and here is Romans 8:18 in NKJV: For I ...
5
votes
3answers
470 views

Is Elijah fed by ravens or Arabians?

A couple of commentaries mention that scholars dispute that Elijah was fed by ravens and instead think the word in 1 Kings 17:4-6 ought to be translated black arabs or perhaps "Orbites, i.e., ...
9
votes
4answers
2k views

What exactly was the “death in the pot”

2 Kings 4:38-41 (NIV) .. One of them .. found a wild vine and picked ... its gourds ... he cut them up into the pot of stew... they cried out, “Man of God, there is death in the pot!” And ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

What does it mean to be a Nazarite?

In Numbers 6, God gives the rules for being a Nazarite. This person is set apart for service to God. There are rules they must follow and actions they must take or refrain from. They must not eat or ...
5
votes
1answer
220 views

Did Tamar marry a third time, and if so whom?

Genesis 38:26 says: וַיַּכֵּר יְהוּדָה וַיֹּאמֶר צָדְקָה מִמֶּנִּי כִּי עַל כֵּן לֹא נְתַתִּיהָ לְשֵׁלָה בְנִי וְלֹא יָסַף עוֹד לְדַעְתָּהּ: Then Judah recognized [them], and he said, "She is ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the “Water” of Genesis 1:2?

We read in the creation account: The earth was without form and void, and darkness was over the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters.—Genesis 1:2 ...
6
votes
1answer
101 views

Can we determine the language(s) the author of Hebrews read from the list of Judges?

In Hebrews 11, at the end of the Hall of Faith, we get a short list: And what more shall I say? For time would fail me to tell of Gideon, Barak, Samson, Jephthah, of David and Samuel and the ...
4
votes
1answer
224 views

What is the name of Jesus in the Peshitta text?

In Matthew 1:21 what is the name of Jesus in the Peshitta text? Is it the same as the name given in Luke 3:29, Acts 7:45 and Hebrews 4:8 which is rendered as Joshua in English?
8
votes
1answer
95 views

How is literary dependence or relationship established?

I see many claims that texts are related to or dependent upon each other in many publications. For example: Although Paul did not write Hebrews, the text possesses a crucially important ...
5
votes
1answer
70 views

What is the literary purpose of not naming the king in 2 Kings 5-7?

Throughout the rest of Kings it seems perfectly normal for the narrator to give the name of any particular king (e.g. Ahab), even when that particular king is wicked (e.g. Ahab). But in 2 Kings 5-7, ...
1
vote
1answer
234 views

What do pomegranates of blue, purple and scarlet material look like?

This is the 1st time I'm asking this website a question.. But what do the pomegranates in blue, purple and scarlet material look like? Are they actual pomegranates (which as far as I know, are red... ...
8
votes
2answers
375 views

How big were the nomadic clans of the patriarchs?

According to the book Genesis, 70 people came down with Jacob to dwell in Egypt after contact was made with Joseph: And the sons of Joseph who were born to him in Egypt were two souls; all the ...
6
votes
2answers
84 views

How did Yaakov hear about Dinah?

Genesis 34 tells about Shechem's rape of Dinah and the events that follow. 34:5 says that Yaakov heard ( שָׁמַע) about this (and didn't act immediately). He didn't hear it from Dinah because she ...
2
votes
1answer
118 views

What does it mean when it is said that faith is given by the Holy Spirit? (1 Cor. 12:9)

1 Corinthians 12:9 (KJV) To another faith by the same Spirit; to another the gifts of healing by the same Spirit;
6
votes
1answer
457 views

How sure can we be that Archippus was a church leader?

Paul twice mentions Archippus. In Philemon he is a fellow soldier, and, in Colossians, he has some sort of ministry to fulfill. Colossians 4:17 "Say to Archippus, "Take heed to the ministry which ...
0
votes
1answer
177 views

Were the Corinthians sacrificing to idols?

When Paul writes in chapter 8 of 1 Corinthians: "So then, about eating food sacrificed to idols..." - what practice is he referring to? On the one hand, it seems pretty obvious (despite the title of ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

“There is a son born to Naomi”? But it's a grandson — what's up with that?

In chapter 4 of Rut, after Boaz performs levirate marriage with Rut and she bears a son, it says: וַתִּקְרֶאנָה לוֹ הַשְּׁכֵנוֹת שֵׁם לֵאמֹר, יֻלַּד-בֵּן לְנָעֳמִי; וַתִּקְרֶאנָה שְׁמוֹ עוֹבֵד, ...
4
votes
1answer
203 views

Was Origen Adamantius an “allegorist” in the modern sense of the word?

Allegory is often referred to in a negative way (at least by Protestant interpreters) to signify a sort of irresponsible replacement of authorial intent with some subsequent spiritualization of each ...
4
votes
1answer
236 views

What is socio-rhetorical criticism?

I've heard David DeSilva and Ben Witherington III associated with the term "socio-rhetorical criticism" and Witherington even has a series of commentaries titled the "Socio-Rhetorical Commentary" ...
3
votes
1answer
156 views

Is the territory of the Negeb considered part of the wilderness?

Genesis 13:1 and 20:1 both record Abraham traveling to a region called the Negeb (or Negev depending on the English translation). 13:1 - So Abram went up from Egypt, he and his wife and all that ...
3
votes
1answer
84 views

Should Matthew 27:6-7 Be Taken as a Demonstration of Hypocrisy?

Would the people who heard Matthew's account of what was done with the 30 silver pieces have understood that to be a hypocritical act by the chief priests? 6 And the chief priests took the pieces ...
6
votes
1answer
106 views

Is there something significant about Avram's tactics in rescuing Lot?

Genesis 14 describes the war of four kings against five kings and the capture of Lot, and then describes how Avram mounted a rescue mission: וַיִּשְׁמַע אַבְרָם, כִּי נִשְׁבָּה אָחִיו; וַיָּרֶק ...
7
votes
2answers
293 views

Is Luke's “Theophilus” An Actual Person or an Allegorical Person

I've always wondered if there's any persuasive evidence either way for Theophilus whom Luke addresses in Luke 1:3 and Acts 1:1 being an actual person or an allegorical personification? I mean my ...
11
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the difference between historical-grammatical and historical criticism?

The historical-grammatical method and historical criticism are both hermeneutical approaches seeking to uncover the original meaning of the text. What is the difference between the two?
5
votes
1answer
338 views

What is the “New Hermeneutic”?

I have come across the term New Hermeneutic a number of times in Christian hermeneutics books and articles, but I can't really find a clear definition for what this is referring to. (Most of the ...
2
votes
1answer
47 views

Does Moses want the Lord to go among the people because or despite their stiff necks?

After Moses received the second set of tablets from God, we read: Moses hastened to bow low to the ground in homage, and said, “If I have gained Your favor, O Lord, pray, let the Lord go in our ...
5
votes
3answers
163 views

To what extent do deductive approaches consider authorial intent?

Bottom-up approaches start analyzing a text by first determining the original intent of the human author of a text. From there, they use inductive reasoning to construct theories of broader meanings. ...

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