5
votes
2answers
368 views

What was the historical and cultural context of baptism in the time of Christ?

Throughout the New Testament, beginning with John the Baptist, the concept of baptism is portrayed historically with minimal explanation for what it is or why it is happening. This is continued ...
6
votes
1answer
168 views

What is the proper interpretation of ἄνωθεν in Luke 1:3?

The Text Luke 1:3 reads in the Greek (with the word in question highlighted; SBLGNT): ἔδοξε κἀμοὶ παρηκολουθηκότι ἄνωθεν πᾶσιν ἀκριβῶς καθεξῆς σοι γράψαι, κράτιστε Θεόφιλε It is translated a ...
8
votes
2answers
187 views

We shall be like him because we shall see him as he is?

1 John 3:2: Ἀγαπητοί νῦν τέκνα θεοῦ ἐσμεν, καὶ οὔπω ἐφανερώθη τί ἐσόμεθα. οἴδαμεν ὅτι ἐὰν φανερωθῇ, ὅμοιοι αὐτῷ ἐσόμεθα, ὅτι ὀψόμεθα αὐτὸν, καθώς ἐστιν. (UBS5) Beloved, we are God's ...
5
votes
1answer
104 views

Translation of 1 John 3:2

I recently ran across a proposed alternative translation of 1 John 3:2. I provide here the NA28 (with punctuation omitted for the sake of ignoring the editors’ interpretive opinion), the ESV (because ...
6
votes
2answers
841 views

Two stories intertwined in Mark, a 12 year old daughter and woman with a 12 year sickness, both healed; is the number 12 more than coincidental?

Of all extenuating information that could have been included, Mark decides to tell us that the woman with the issue of blood had the problem for 12 years. This woman touches Jesus while he's on the ...
3
votes
2answers
230 views

What is “Parousia”? Does it have any relation to the second coming of Christ?

In Paul's writings, what is "Parousia"? Does it have any relation to the second coming of Christ? Here is the main text I am seeking to understand: 1 Thess 2:19 (RSVCE) 19 For what is our ...
3
votes
1answer
103 views

Could the Egerton Gospel be related to Q?

The so-called Egerton Gospel contains only a few verses of some very early and previously unknown "Jesus text". One major criticism of Q is that it requires a completely unattested but ...
4
votes
1answer
318 views

Earliest attestation to Luke's gospel

What is the earliest convincing attestation to the gospel of Luke? I believe that Justin Martyr quotes from Luke's gospel ca.150. Is that generally considered unassailable? Are there other earlier ...
4
votes
1answer
76 views

Question about NET note and Symbols for Codex Sinaiticus

I have a basic question about NET Bible footnote. The note for Matt 17:21 says: Many important MSS (א* B Θ 0281 33 579 892 pc e ff1 sys,c sa) do not include 17:21 "But this kind does not go out ...
3
votes
4answers
342 views

Could the Gospel of Matthew be dependent on Luke's Gospel?

Why is it that a possible Gospel dependency order of Mark-Luke-Matthew without requiring 'Q' is considered particularly unlikely, when compared to other possible solutions to the synoptic problem? Do ...
5
votes
2answers
513 views

Does the miracle of the Woman with an Issue of Blood indicate that healing power flows spontaneously from Jesus?

Many (most) miracles of Jesus seem to have in common these factors: They are occasioned by sympathy and compassion for people in difficulty; They are deliberately operated by Jesus to remedy the ...
9
votes
3answers
485 views

What is the best translation of Job 6:14?

NKJV: “To him who is afflicted, kindness should be shown by his friend, Even though he forsakes the fear of the Almighty." NASB: “For the despairing man there should be kindness from his friend; So ...
2
votes
7answers
955 views

What is the new covenant made with Jews/Israel in Jeremiah 31:31

Jeremiah 31 verses 31-33, talks about a new covenant forged explicitly with Jews/Israel and only with Jews/Israel, and none other. I'm quoting the passage in Hebrew and providing the phrase literal ...
7
votes
3answers
315 views

Why is Jesus' admission to being the “Son of God” equated with “blasphemy” in Matt. 26:65?

In Matt. 26:63-64, Jesus effectively admits to being the "son of God" according to his response to the chief priest, (i.e., "You said."). English translation: 63 But Jesus kept silent. And when ...
4
votes
2answers
304 views

What is the promise in Hebrews 11:13?

All these people were still living by faith when they died. They did not receive the things promised; they only saw them and welcomed them from a distance, admitting that they were foreigners ...
5
votes
3answers
222 views

“Convince our conscience” or “reassure our heart” in 1 John 3:19?

1 John 3:19: And by this we will know that we are of the truth and will convince our conscience in his presence, (NET) By this we shall know that we are of the truth and reassure our heart ...
2
votes
1answer
4k views

Are the words “wife” and “woman” the same in Hebrew and Greek?

This question is related to one on Christianity.SE. Some say they are. Hence Jesus prohibition against looking at women with lust (as in Matthew 5:27-28) could mean prohibition against looking at ...
2
votes
2answers
414 views

Did Jesus promise literal food and clothing in Matthew 6:33?

In Matthew 6:33 Jesus said, "But seek first the kingdom of God and his righteousness, and all these things will be added to you" (ESV). Was Jesus promising his followers that as long as they put him ...
5
votes
2answers
246 views

How do we interpret Luke 17:37?

Luke 17:33-37 says, "Remember Lot's wife. Whosoever shall seek to save his life shall lose it; and whosoever shall lose his life shall preserve it. I tell you, in that night there shall be ...
14
votes
3answers
3k views

Omission of 'fasting' in Mark 9:29

I would like to know why some versions feel it apt to omit the word "fasting" from Mark 9:29. Is this because it was not concurrent with the correct translation/ meaning of this verse? For example. ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

What is the reason for the differences in translations of Matthew 6:12? [duplicate]

I have seen several different translations of Matthew 6:12 and even seen them used liturgically. Here is it in the Greek: καὶ ἄφες ἡμῖν τὰ ὀφειλήματα ἡμῶν, ὡς καὶ ἡμεῖς ἀφήκαμεν τοῖς ...
5
votes
4answers
831 views

How should we understand “he cannot sin” in 1 John 3:9?

1 John 3:9 (NASB): No one who is born of God practices sin, because His seed abides in him; and he cannot sin, because he is born of God. I am particularly intrigued by the 2nd half of the ...
0
votes
1answer
198 views

In Judges 15:8; Hip and thigh?

In Judges, why and how does Samson attack them (the philistines) hip and thigh with a great slaughter. What in the world does that even mean?
2
votes
1answer
108 views

Why did Jesus say “Get behind me, Satan! You are a stumbling block to me…” towards Peter?

Matthew 16:21 - 28. Peter is not Satan. Who is Jesus talking to and about?
4
votes
2answers
434 views

Did Jeremiah complain about corrupt torah in Jeremiah 8:8?

A website called "Jesus Believes in Evolution" claims that Jeremiah complained about Torah being corrupted, citing Jeremiah 8:8. However, that is not a common interpretation of the verse. What did ...
8
votes
1answer
223 views

Where does the name “Beelzeboul” come from?

Mark 3:22:1 Καὶ οἱ γραμματεῖς οἱ ἀπὸ Ἱεροσολύμων καταβάντες ἔλεγον ὅτι Βεελζεβοὺλ ἔχει καὶ ὅτι ἐν τῷ ἄρχοντι τῶν δαιμονίων ἐκβάλλει τὰ δαιμόνια. (NA28) And the scribes who came down from ...
3
votes
2answers
383 views

The Healing at the Pool in John 5:1-14

What is the significance of the man's belief regarding healing through the disturbed waters? Was it just a belief (bordering on superstition)? Or was it really intended by God for healing to take ...
4
votes
0answers
106 views

Which Greek NT passage has proven to have the most variant readings? [closed]

The question here is not about trying to isolate which particular manuscript (extant document) has the most variations from some standard determination of the text. Rather, it is about which ...
5
votes
2answers
333 views

Understanding the appropriation of Psalm 22:2 in the Gospel crucifixion accounts

In Matthew 27:46, the author quotes Jesus, first transliterating his words with Greek letter (NA28 | ESV): ηλι ηλι λεμα σαβαχθανι; Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani? He then translates into Greek: ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

Why was crocodile (תנין) from Exodus 7:10 translated as snake or serpent?

In Exodus, chapter 7, verse 10, Aaron throws his staff of the ground in front of Pharaoh and it becomes a תנין in the Hebrew Bible as well as the Leningrad Codex. The Septuagint translates it as ...
5
votes
1answer
283 views

What are the arguments used by literal interpreters of Ezekiel's temple (Ezek. 40-48)?

More detail about symbolic and apocalyptic interpretations of Ezekiel's temple were given in an answer to another question, but that answer left me wondering more about literal ...
2
votes
2answers
247 views

Who is the traveler (guest) in Nathan's parable?

After David sinned with Bethsheba the prophet Nathan was sent to him by God, in order that his sin might be exposed unto him. He did so by telling him the parable which we read in 2 Samuel 12:1-6. ...
9
votes
3answers
3k views

What does it means to “afflict your souls” as in Lev. 16?

Leviticus 16:29-31. "And this shall be a statute for ever unto you: that in the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, ye shall afflict your souls, and do no work at all, whether it be ...
5
votes
2answers
5k views

What is the literal meaning of “royal priesthood” in 1 Peter 2:9?

"But you are a chosen people, a royal priesthood, a holy nation..." - 1 Peter 2:9 (NIV) I've understood the phrase "royal priesthood" to mean something along the lines of "priesthood that serves ...
2
votes
1answer
114 views

What is the meaning of “stars” in Psalm 8:3?

In Psalm 8:3 we can read (NIV): When I consider your heavens, the work of your fingers, the moon and the stars, which you have set in place, What word "stars" (וְ֝כוֹכָבִ֗ים, wə·ḵō·w·ḵā·ḇîm) ...
5
votes
0answers
352 views

What view of drug use today would be deemed as sorcery/pharmakiea and fleshly by Paul in Galatians 5:20, when he lists the word? [closed]

In Galatians 5:20, among the deeds of the flesh, Paul lists "pharmakeia," which, as i understand, is commonly translated as sorcery or witchcraft, referring to the use or administering of drugs or ...
3
votes
1answer
171 views

Does Genesis 1:14 Talk About Astrology?

I'm intrigued about the fourth day of Creation where the heavenly lights were made "for signs and seasons". Astrology comes to my mind, but as far as I know the Bible condemns Astrology. Genesis ...
6
votes
2answers
606 views

Is verse 114 of the Gospel of Thomas a later addition?

Simon Peter said to him, "Let Mary leave us, for women are not worthy of life." Jesus said, "I myself shall lead her in order to make her male, so that she too may become a living spirit resembling ...
5
votes
3answers
412 views

In the Gospel of John, why does Jesus say (four times), “I will raise him up at the last day”?

It's obviously significant since he repeated it four times, but what actually is the significance of the phrase? The phrase is translated from the Greek ἀναστήσω αὐτὸ (ἐν) τῇ ἐσχάτῃ ἡμέρᾳ which ...
3
votes
1answer
255 views

What is the difference between “soul” and “spirit”?

Hebrews 4:12 seems to distinguish between "soul" and "spirit" (or ψυχή and πνεῦμα, respectively) in some manner similar to the difference between "joint" and "marrow." For the word of God is ...
9
votes
7answers
581 views

What is meant in 1 Peter 3:21 when it says “baptism now saves you”

In 1 Pet 3:21 it says (NASB, emphasis added): Corresponding to that, baptism now saves you—not the removal of dirt from the flesh, but an appeal to God for a good conscience—through the ...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

Did the author intend to write Asa or Asaph in Matthew 1:7-8?

Both the King James and the NIV (following the received text and the Chronicler) name Asa as the father of Jehoshaphat in Matthew 1:8. The ESV, however, follows the older manuscripts and names him as ...
6
votes
1answer
111 views

Is it correct to assume Elisha was ploughing his own field?

All sorts of assertions are made from 1 Kings 19:19, (i.e. Elisha was well-to-do because he owned 24 oxen). My first question of this passage is simply that is it correct to assume that He owned the ...
15
votes
2answers
981 views

Were 1 John and John’s gospel written by the same person?

I’m interested in internal evidence based on the linguistic/stylistic and (if you like) thematic patterns of the two books. I am less interested for the purpose of this question in whether either was ...
6
votes
2answers
316 views

How do we understand the verse “I saw the souls of those who had been slain.”

In the book of Revelation it is written, "When he opened the fifth seal, I saw under the altar the souls of those who had been slain because of the word of God and the testimony they had ...
6
votes
2answers
142 views

What is the meaning of the shift from present to aorist in 1 John 2:12-14?

1 John 2:12-14 (NA28): γράφω ὑμῖν, τεκνία, ὅτι ἀφέωνται ὑμῖν αἱ ἁμαρτίαι διὰ τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ. γράφω ὑμῖν, πατέρες, ὅτι ἐγνώκατε τὸν ἀπ᾿ ἀρχῆς. γράφω ὑμῖν, νεανίσκοι, ὅτι νενικήκατε τὸν πονηρόν. ...
5
votes
1answer
433 views

What is the distinction between symbolic and apocalyptic interpretations of Ezekiel's temple vision?

I'm studying the temple vision of Ezekiel (chapters 40-48) and I'm trying to understand and compare the various ways in which this is interpreted. As enumerated in another answer on this site here, ...
2
votes
3answers
322 views

Did English-language translations describe Adam and Eve as eating apples?

Did any English-language translation of the Bible describe Adam and Eve as eating apples? If so, were the translations meaning to say that they ate some sort of fruit (an older meaning of "apple"), or ...
4
votes
2answers
407 views

Who is the “man of lawlessness” in 2 Thess 2?

Who is the "man of lawlessness" in 2 Thess 2? The online RSVCE identifies him as the Antichrist, but The Navarre Bible New Testament Compact Edition note on 2 Thess 2:1-12 has in part: We do not ...
6
votes
3answers
199 views

To what do the “parchments” (and tangentially the “books”) refer in 2 Tim 4:13?

The Scripture in Question In 2 Timothy 4:13 it says this (NKJV): Bring the cloak that I left with Carpus at Troas when you come—and the books, especially the parchments. The Greek is the ...

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