3
votes
1answer
549 views

What is the role of the paragogic heh when used with the second person as in Psalm 108:5 (ר֣וּמָה)?

What is the role of the paragogic heh when used with the second person as in Psalm 108:5 (ר֣וּמָה)? When used with the first person it as a cohortative meaning, but what's the difference with the ...
2
votes
2answers
164 views

James 1:11 - “…its flower falls…”

James 1:11 contains the phrase "καὶ τὸ ἄνθος αὐτοῦ ἐξέπεσεν," which the ESV correctly literally translates as "[and] its flower falls." The NET takes more interpretive license and renders it "the ...
1
vote
3answers
2k views

Why Moses ordered to keep virgins alive but kill all non-virgins and males in Numbers 31:17-18?

Why was Moses ordered to keep the virgins alive but kill all non-virgins and males in Numbers 31:17-18. Is it equal to genocide, gendercide, and/or sexual slavery? Please explain from all aspects.
7
votes
2answers
364 views

Why does Psalm 103:8 use the dual form of אַפַּ֣יִם (anger)?

In Psalm 103:8 we read: אֶ֖רֶךְ אַפַּ֣יִם וְרַב־חָֽסֶד Why is אַפַּ֣יִם (anger) in its dual form?
4
votes
3answers
172 views

Numbers 28: Is the difference between noun-adjective and genitive cases for the burnt offering significant?

I know that in Biblical Hebrew (and presumably other varieties), we see the construct "noun adjective", with the noun unmodified, such as parah adamah (red heifer, parah = heifer). We also see the ...
8
votes
1answer
260 views

How are early Greek manuscripts that quote Jesus Christ properly understood?

When the words of Jesus Christ are evaluated from early Greek manuscripts shouldn’t translation difficulties between Hebrew and Greek be considered? For example, the word spirit in Hebrew is “ruwach” ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

In the time of Jesus, were the Jewish authorities allowed to execute?

In the gospel accounts of the trial of Jesus we learn that the Jewish authorities could not sentence anyone to death: Pilate said, “Take him yourselves and judge him by your own law.” “But we ...
3
votes
1answer
124 views

Were the men in Ezra 10:3 breaking marriage covenents by divorcing their foreign wives?

In other cases, Israel was called to keep their ill-advised covenents such as the one made with the Gibeonites. Why would it be preferred to break marriage covenents in this case? They even make a ...
3
votes
2answers
152 views

Does John 1:12 identify believers of the past only, or past and present tense believers?

Here are two versions to help aid the question: But to all who did receive him, who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God, John 1:12 ESV But to all who have received him ...
3
votes
3answers
3k views

What is a “quickening spirit” (1 Cor 15:45) and how is it different from a “living soul”?

1st Corinthians makes a distinction between the first Adam and Jesus Christ and it also distinguishes between the soul and the spirit. What does the expression a "quickening spirit" mean here and how ...
8
votes
2answers
410 views

Does Hebrews 7 claim that Yeshu'a is Malki-Tzedek?

According to the Epistle of Hebrews, specifically chapter 7, is Yeshu'a the same person as Malki-Tzedek (מַלְכִּי־צֶדֶק) (cp. Gen. 14:18), or are they different people? Here is the translation ...
1
vote
1answer
237 views

Does Scripture imply that Judas knew that the high-priests and elders' goal was to have Jesus killed?

Did Judas know that high-priests and elders' goal was to have Jesus killed? Gospel of Matthew tells us that he committed suicide before Jesus was crucified: Then Judas, which had betrayed him, ...
8
votes
2answers
594 views

How long did Job's tribulation last?

Can someone tell me how long it was between when Job first started experiencing bad things until God turned things around for the better for Job?
1
vote
2answers
1k views

John 11:9 Why does Jesus remind his disciples about 12 hours in a day?

He stayed a couple of days longer when He heard Lazarus was sick. Then Jesus decided to go to Judea. His disciples quickly reminded him that the Jews were trying to stone him just a few days ago. ...
4
votes
3answers
382 views

Interpretation of Psalm 45:14

First of all, I'm a layperson. Psalm 45:14 (KJV) says "She shall be brought unto the King in raiment of needlework; the virgins, her companions that follow her, shall be brought unto Thee." Hebrew ...
1
vote
1answer
159 views

In what sense did Judas betray Jesus?

Mark 14:11: And when they heard [it], they were glad, and promised to give him money. And he sought how he might conveniently betray him and all other verses mentioning Judas betraying Jesus. ...
12
votes
4answers
2k views

Does the New Testament quote extrabiblical writers?

I am aware that the New Testament often quotes from the Hebrew Bible. However, I'm interested to learn whether or not it ever quotes - or alludes to - non-Hebrew / extrabiblical literature?
4
votes
2answers
89 views

Has the NIV incorrectly added “had” in Luke 10:40?

Luke 10:40 in NIV: But Martha was distracted by all the preparations that had to be made. She came to him and asked, “Lord, don’t you care that my sister has left me to do the work by myself? Tell ...
3
votes
3answers
708 views

Was Achan's family punished along with Achan? or was he alone when punished?

Joshua 7:25: And all Israel stoned him with stones, and burned them with fire, after they had stoned them with stones. The above verse says that Achan was stoned alone (him). But there was a ...
4
votes
2answers
584 views

Why does Moses speak in first person in Deuteronomy?

The Book of Genesis does not mention Moses but in the middle 3 books Moses as the main protagonist and prophet is referred to in third person. In Deuteronomy however Moses speaks in first person ...
4
votes
3answers
117 views

Are the Hebrew Scriptures in general to be understood as continuous discourses or fragmental remains of much larger collections? [closed]

I often encounter the idea that the Hebrew Scriptures, or at least many of them, are summaries or fragments of larger works. However, considering the value and tight control that the Jews seem to have ...
5
votes
2answers
262 views

What does sabbaton deuteroproton in Luke 6:1 refer to?

According to the KJV Luke 6:1 states: And it came to pass on the second sabbath after the first, that he went through the corn fields; and his disciples plucked the ears of corn, and did eat, ...
2
votes
3answers
224 views

Should 1 Kings 19:3 read that Elijah “saw” or “was afraid”?

While the NET's translation of 1 Kings 19:3 retains that "Elijah was afraid", it notes: The MT has “and he saw,” but some medieval Hebrew mss as well as several ancient versions support the ...
2
votes
1answer
121 views

Can Revelation 20:5 “the rest of the dead…” rightfully claim to be part of the original text?

Augustin delighted in viewing the church's bishops sitting on thrones, therefore announcing the Millennium as having begun already. After history this view seems hard to maintain. The thousand years ...
1
vote
1answer
123 views

Should the word 'satan' be left untranslated, merely be transliterated and left to the traditional connotations?

The word 'satan' is being used and heard as if it were a name. How could it be rendered in a way not distracting from its actual meaning of opposition and enmity? The texts where this is an issue are ...
7
votes
5answers
553 views

Who is the “god of this world” in 2 Corinthians 4:4?

4) In their case the god of this world has blinded the minds of the unbelievers, to keep them from seeing the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God. It seems odd ...
9
votes
8answers
8k views

Could the “tree of knowledge of good and evil” mean “tree of intelligence”?

Genesis 2:16-17 And the Lord God commanded the man, “You are free to eat from any tree in the garden; but you must not eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, for when you eat from ...
4
votes
1answer
109 views

Has the referent in Isaiah 53 ever been interpreted as anything non-human?

The entire chapter of Isaiah 53 is basically an extended description of someone or something, most frequently identified in English translations as "He." What is the range of possibilities (even ...
2
votes
4answers
285 views

Did Jesus primarily use an exegetical or hermeneutical approach in explaining the meaning of the Hebrew Scriptures? [closed]

Just wondering if those who have tried to analyze the way Jesus explained the Hebrew Scriptures, do they consider Jesus’ approach primarily exegetical (what the passage said) or hermeneutical (what it ...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

Is “Gospel”, or “Good News of Military Victory” what “Evangelion” means in Greek? [closed]

How is good news of military victory for the Romans a message that would have emanated from the Jews?
0
votes
1answer
159 views

Is the study of Typology and inter-textual scriptural analysis taught in seminary? [closed]

"To produce the Gospels required a deep understanding of Judaic literature. The Gospels would not simply replace the literature of the old religion, but would be written in such a way as to ...
2
votes
1answer
130 views

Angels of God in Luke 12:8

In Matthew 10:32, Jesus says that those who acknowledge him before others he will acknowledge before his "Father in Heaven." Luke 12:8 has a similar saying, where Jesus says that if anyone ...
0
votes
2answers
1k views

How to separate exegesis from eisegesis in this example?

There is a paper put on a table in a room with five doors, each taller than the one next to it. On the paper the text reads in an ancient Egyptian language: "Behind the tallest door you will find ...
2
votes
1answer
102 views

Why does Numbers 18:28 mention Aaron specifically by name?

Concerning the tithe of the tithe, Numbers 18:28 (LEB) states: So you will present your own contribution to Yahweh from all your tithes that you receive from the Israelites; from it you will give ...
0
votes
3answers
198 views

Ephesians 2:8. Was salvation attained and kept to the present through continued faith?

Ephesians 2:8 "For by grace you have been saved through faith ..." The word "saved" is a perfect verb, passive, participle, plural, nominative, and masculine. The question is regarding faith. Was ...
0
votes
3answers
3k views

Who are eunuchs of their mother's womb?

For there are some eunuchs, which were so born from [their] mother's womb: and there are some eunuchs, which were made eunuchs of men: and there be eunuchs, which have made themselves eunuchs for ...
5
votes
4answers
819 views

Was Adam present when the serpent was talking with Eve?

Genesis 3:6 (NIV) When the woman saw that the fruit of the tree was good for food and pleasing to the eye, and also desirable for gaining wisdom, she took some and ate it. She also gave some to ...
5
votes
2answers
397 views

Was Elijah decommissioned as a prophet at Horeb?

After his confrontation with the prophets of Baal, Elijah flees to Horeb and petitions the Lord: “I have been very zealous for the Lord God Almighty. The Israelites have rejected your covenant, ...
1
vote
1answer
92 views

Were the household tables in Peter and Paul counter-cultural in their day?

The household tables in Paul's letters and in 1 Peter pair up sets of people: Wives submit to your husbands : Husbands love your wives Children obey your fathers : Fathers don't exasperate your ...
4
votes
1answer
106 views

What range of meaning is allowed by διὰ in Ephesians 2:8?

8For by grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God, ESV διὰ πίστεως in Ephesians 2:8 is almost invariably translated 'through faith', but ...
4
votes
3answers
703 views

Parable of the sower, the seed which fell on stony places?

In Matthew 13, concerning the parable of the sower, Matthew says: Some fell on stony places, where they did not have much earth; and they immediately sprang up because they had no depth of earth. ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

In John 3:16, is the word believe a continous action for everlasting life?

Is eternal life in John 3:16 conditional on continous belief in Jesus Christ? The word "believe" in this verse is a present participle verb. Thanks very much!
2
votes
4answers
559 views

Does the woman in Revelation 12 go down to the earth from the heaven?

Rev: 12: 1: And there appeared a great wonder in heaven; a woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and upon her head a crown of twelve stars: Rev: 12: 2: And she being ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

What is meant by “as numerous as the stars of the sky”?

The Bible in a few places references the stars as a large number. Genesis 22:17, Deut 1:10, Deut 28:62 all make statements referring to the Nation of Israel being as "numerous as the stars of the ...
10
votes
1answer
391 views

Can “pharmakous” mean something other than “sorceror”?

The Hebrew word כַשֵּׁף is typically translated "sorcery" in Hebrew-to-English translations. Paro had court sorcerors replicate some of God's miracles and Nebuchanezer asks his sorcerors to interpret ...
5
votes
3answers
6k views

The number 40's “real meaning”

The number 40 appears in several biblical stories. Such as, 40 days and 40 nights of Noah's flood story, Jesus walked on the earth for 40 days, etc. I read on Wikipedia that 40 is use as an ...
4
votes
1answer
119 views

Are the “five words” in 1 Corinthians 14:19 refering to something in particular?

Reading the following verse : 1 Corinthians 14:19 (ASV): howbeit in the church I had rather speak five words with my understanding, that I might >instruct others also, than ten thousand words in ...
0
votes
2answers
973 views

What is the meaning of 'Power of the Death'?

What is the meaning of the word 'power of death' which Satan was holding as in Heb 2:14.?
6
votes
1answer
95 views

Is the REB translation of Ex 11:1, comparing to a rejected bride, supported in the original language?

Exodus 11:1b in the Revised English Bible (REB) has: When he finally lets you go, he will drive you out forcibly as a man might dismiss a rejected bride. The simile seems most unusual. Was it in the ...
7
votes
2answers
205 views

Was Jesus raised 'for our justification' or 'because of' it?

In the NASB, Romans 4:25 (emphasis mine) reads: He who was delivered over because of our transgressions, and was raised because of our justification. However, in the ESV (emphasis mine) it ...

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