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3answers
1k views

Why do different English translations differ on Matthew 24:36?

This question has been separated from this one at the request of Jon Ericson. (Thanks again for the edit.) When one looks at different translations of Matthew 24:36, one finds that the KJV mentions ...
7
votes
1answer
804 views

Did someone really name their son Fool?

In 1st Samuel 25, we read about Abigail's first husband, who is named Nabal. Near the end of the story, she pleads with David to save his life: My lord should not pay attention to this wicked man ...
7
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1answer
553 views

David's Brinkmanship with the Philistines at Apheq

In I Sam 28 Achish enlists David in his forces for the coming battle between the Princes of Philistine and the Israelites in which Saul meets his end. David's words to Achish are ambiguous, leaving us ...
7
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1answer
370 views

Can we date Mark without first committing to an interpretation of the Olivet Discourse?

Most scholars believe Mark is the earliest biography of Jesus. (Paul's writings and perhaps one or two other New Testament letters are earlier, but they include very little biographical material ...
7
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3answers
360 views

Is the phrase “sin shall no longer be your master” in Romans 6:14 a command?

Paul in his letter to the Romans writes in 6:12-13: Therefore do not let sin reign in your mortal body so that you obey its evil desires. Do not offer any part of yourself to sin as an instrument ...
7
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1answer
1k views

David's righteousness in the Psalms

In the Psalms, there are several places where David portrays himself as righteous and blameless. For example, Psalm 26: 1Vindicate me, O Lord, for I have walked in my integrity, and I have ...
7
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2answers
83 views

Why is the plural “ones” used in Ezekiel 37:17?

In the second half of Ezekiel 37 (vv. 15-28), the prophet brings two sticks together in his hand to demonstrate the unification of the divided nation of Israel that God will effect. Repeatedly, the ...
7
votes
1answer
123 views

Was Zechariah simply mute, or deaf as well?

In Luke 1 (ESV), Zechariah the priest is rendered mute for his lack of faith: 19 And the angel answered him, “I am Gabriel. I stand in the presence of God, and I was sent to speak to you and to ...
7
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1answer
160 views

Shall I Know Pleasure?(Gen. 18:12)

In Gen. 18:12, Sarah, after hearing the Lord tell Abraham that in a year's time she will bear a son, says, (Gen. 18:12) וַתִּצְחַ֥ק שָׂרָ֖ה בְּקִרְבָּ֣הּ לֵאמֹ֑ר אַחֲרֵ֤י בְלֹתִי֙ הָֽיְתָה־לִּ֣י ...
7
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3answers
245 views

What is the intended image of “pierced my hands and feet” in Psalm 22:16?

I sometimes struggle to understand how some of the NT authors describe OT passages as messianic prophecies. One of these is from the 22nd Psalm. Psalm 22:16 NASB (emphasis added) For dogs have ...
7
votes
1answer
194 views

Does James 5:12 begin a new thought or conclude a previous thought?

The rhetoric of James 5:12 seems to indicate that some sort of conclusion is being reached: But above all, my brothers, do not swear, either by heaven or by earth or by any other oath, but let ...
7
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1answer
217 views

Does Isaiah 7:14 indicate that the young woman is already pregnant?

Isaiah 7:14b (WLC) הִנֵּ֣ה הָעַלְמָ֗ה הָרָה֙ וְיֹלֶ֣דֶת בֵּ֔ן וְקָרָ֥את שְׁמֹ֖ו עִמָּ֥נוּ אֵֽל׃ Very roughly, "Behold, the-young-woman [to-be] pregnant and-bearing son..."1 The majority of ...
7
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3answers
357 views

What were the women in Mark 16:8 afraid of?

At or near the end of his gospel, Mark says that the women fled from the tomb trembling and bewildered and that they "said nothing to anyone because they were afraid." What were they afraid of? I can ...
7
votes
1answer
702 views

What did Nadab and Abihu do wrong?

Leviticus 10 tells about the death of Aaron's sons: Now Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, each took his censer and put fire in it and laid incense on it and offered unauthorized[a] fire before ...
7
votes
2answers
597 views

In Genesis 20:13, why is elohim with a plural verb translated God rather than gods?

Genesis 20:13 (ESV) And when God caused me to wander… (WLC): ויהי כאשר התעו אתי אלהימ Another question asked about the translation of אלהימ (‘elohim) using the singular God. The answers ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

How should I interpret “vineyard” in Song of Solomon?

Yesterday, I began to read again the Song of Solomon. After reading a bit, it seems to me that vineyard has several figurative meanings. * All references from NASB version. Song of Solomon ...
7
votes
1answer
7k views

When Job curses the day he was born in Chapter 3, does he curse God?

In chapter 2 Job refuses to curse God but states: "Shall we accept good from God and not trouble" and then in chapter 3v3-4 it says that Job cursed the day he was born: 'May the day of my ...
7
votes
1answer
532 views

Why does Psalm 103:8 use the dual form of אַפַּ֣יִם (anger)?

In Psalm 103:8 we read: אֶ֖רֶךְ אַפַּ֣יִם וְרַב־חָֽסֶד Why is אַפַּ֣יִם (anger) in its dual form?
7
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1answer
5k views

What does it mean for a man to leave his father and mother?

Genesis 2:24 says that a man should leave his parents after marriage: Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh. Jesus (...
7
votes
1answer
340 views

Which literary genre of Job has the longer historical pedigree?

There are two primary schools of thought in regards to the genre of Job. One the one hand, some call it an historical artifact, given no overwhelming evidence to the contrary. On the other, its ...
7
votes
1answer
194 views

Does Job's “covenant with [his] eyes” refer to marriage?

Job's final appeal to God includes this assertion of innocence: I have covenanted with my eyes Not to gaze on a maiden.—Job 31:1 (NJPS) The ESV reads this as a rhetorical question: I ...
7
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3answers
943 views

Humankind divided up among the gods?

[ question originally posted here ] Deuteronomy 32:8-9 (NRSV), part of Moses' song: When the Most High apportioned the nations, when he divided humankind, he fixed the boundaries of the peoples ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

What does Hebrews 6:4-6 mean?

This passage is a bit confusing. Could someone please shed some light on how we are to interpret what Paul is saying here? Hebrews 6:4-6 (NIV) It is impossible for those who have once been ...
7
votes
1answer
130 views

What restrictions would Paul have been preaching against in Colossians 2?

Colossians 2:20-23 (ESV) 20 If with Christ you died to the elemental spirits of the world, why, as if you were still alive in the world, do you submit to regulations— 21 "Do not handle, Do not ...
7
votes
2answers
448 views

What did Jesus mean by 'fool' in Matthew 5:22?

What did Jesus mean when He said that people run the risk of ending up in hell if they call other people a fool: “But I tell you that anyone who is angry with a brother or sister will be subject ...
7
votes
1answer
175 views

1 Cor 7 27 and Matt. 19:11-12: Marriage vs. Celibacy

Paul in 1 Cor 7:27, says 25 Now about virgins: I have no command from the Lord, but I give a judgment as one who by the Lord’s mercy is trustworthy. 26 Because of the present crisis, I think that ...
7
votes
1answer
206 views

Was υἱοῦ θεοῦ a latter addition to Mark 1:1?

Dick Harfield mentions that the phrase "Son of God" (υἱοῦ θεοῦ) does not appear in Codex Sinaiticus (nor in Origen). Is it reasonable to assume on this basis that the phrases was a later addition to ...
7
votes
1answer
148 views

“he will rule over you” — good, bad, or neutral?

In Genesis 3:16 we read about God's curse on the woman: To the woman He said, “I will greatly multiply Your pain in childbirth, In pain you will bring forth children; Yet your desire ...
7
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1answer
163 views

Nestle-Aland equivalent critical apparatus for early New Testament translations

As an amateur textual critic, I've become very interested in the early translations of the New Testament, and I found this page listing a number of critical editions of NT translations. At least in ...
7
votes
1answer
495 views

How should רָגַז be translated in Psalm 4?

A quick survey of English translations of Psalm 4:4 shows that there is little agreement about how ragaz should be rendered: NIV In your anger do not sin; when you are on your beds, search your ...
7
votes
8answers
6k views

What does it mean to convict the world concerning righteousness?

In John 16:8-11, we read (emphasis mine): When he comes, he will convict the world of guilt in regard to sin and righteousness and judgment: in regard to sin, because men do not believe in me; in ...
7
votes
2answers
734 views

How reliable are the Dead Sea Scrolls as a base to compare against the Masoretic text and the LXX?

I often find people comparing other manuscripts (e.g., Masoretic text, LXX) against the Dead Sea Scrolls in order to determine their accuracy. For example, this thread asked how reliable the LXX was ...
7
votes
4answers
10k views

What is the purpose of Elijah's travels?

At the beginning of 2 Kings 2, Elijah travels from Gilgal to Bethel to Jericho to the Jordan before being taken up in the whirlwind. Elisha then mostly reverses this course crossing back over the ...
7
votes
1answer
544 views

The will of God in Ephesians 1: εὐδοκία, βουλή, θελήμα

Paul places an emphasis on the will and plan of God in Ephesians 1. In addition to the verbs προορίζω ("I predestine") and ἐκλέγω ("I choose"), three nouns factor large in this theme. Here they are, ...
7
votes
1answer
487 views

Is the ESV rendering “My Spirit shall not abide in man forever” in Genesis 6:3 accurate?

I am reading through Genesis in the ESV for the first time and was struck by some unfamiliar wording in Genesis 6:3. It reads: "My Spirit shall not abide in man forever, for he is flesh: his days ...
7
votes
3answers
968 views

In what way was Jesus' prayer heard (Hebrews 5:7)?

Hebrews 5:7 (ESV): During the days of Jesus’ life on earth, he offered up prayers and petitions with fervent cries and tears to the one who could save him from death, and he was heard because of ...
7
votes
3answers
167 views

Are there scriptural standards by which a hermeneutic method can be measured?

Jesus appears to be specifically criticizing the interpretive method used by the Sudducees, saying, they do not know the scriptures. Mt 22:29 Jesus answered and said unto them, Ye do err, not ...
7
votes
1answer
69 views

Did Malachi understand himself to being writing as the last prophet?

"Malachi", says Wikipedia, "is the last book of the Neviim contained in the Tanakh, the last of the twelve minor prophets (canonically) and the final book of the Neviim." There's a whole lot of last-...
7
votes
4answers
135 views

What does “an apple of gold in a picture of silver” represent in Proverbs of Solomon?

What does "a word fitly spoken is like an apple of gold in a picture of silver" (Proverbs 25:11) mean? I know that an apple is a fruit but the apple of gold in a picture of silver part I can't ...
7
votes
1answer
65 views

What is the Temple of Arza? Which idol is this?

In I Kings 16:9, the Bible mentions that Zimri assassinated Elah, king of Israel, when the latter was drunk at the "House of Arza" (בית ארצא). Both the Targum and the Peshitta there add that Arza was ...
7
votes
1answer
73 views

Does God think something untrue in Jeremiah 3:7?

The NABRE gives Jeremiah 3:6-8 as follows (emphasis added): The LORD said to me in the days of King Josiah: Do you see what rebellious Israel has done? She has gone up every high mountain, and ...
7
votes
1answer
177 views

Why do some Bibles say 'Canaanites' in Zechariah 14:21, while other say 'traders' or 'merchants'?

Zechariah 14:21 (KJV): Yea, every pot in Jerusalem and in Judah shall be holiness unto the LORD of hosts: and all they that sacrifice shall come and take of them, and seethe therein: and in that day ...
7
votes
3answers
314 views

What's behind the difference between the Greek and Hebrew of Exodus 21?

In Exodus 21:22-25, the consequences for hitting a pregnant woman are discussed. But the Masoretic Text and the Septuagint seem to differ. The MT refers to harm to the child, while the LXX refers to ...
7
votes
1answer
95 views

Does Hosea 1:9 contain a reference to the divine name I AM?

Hosea 1:9 וַיֹּ֕אמֶר קְרָ֥א שְׁמ֖וֹ לֹ֣א עַמִּ֑י כִּ֤י אַתֶּם֙ לֹ֣א עַמִּ֔י וְאָנֹכִ֖י לֹֽא־אֶהְיֶ֥ה לָכֶֽם׃ And the LORD said, “Call his name Not My People, for you are not my people, and I am ...
7
votes
1answer
71 views

Jam 5:16 who is this 'confession' being made to?

When James tells us to confess our trespass, who is the confession being made to? James 5:14-16 Is anyone among you sick? Let him call for the elders of the church, and let them pray over him, ...
7
votes
2answers
184 views

Do the children have their ‘guardian’ angels (Matthew 18:10)?

In Matthew 18:10 it reads: "See that you do not disdain one of these little ones. For I tell you that their angels in heaven always see the face of my Father in heaven. (Matthew 18:10, NET, ...
7
votes
3answers
3k views

Do the specific gifts the father gives to the prodigal son have any special significance?

What is the significance of the robe, ring & sandals in Luke 15:22? ‘But the father said to his servants, “Quick! Bring the best robe and put it on him. Put a ring on his finger and sandals on ...
7
votes
1answer
127 views

What does the vocabulary of 2 Peter indicate about its authorship?

The opening verse of 2 Peter states that the book was written by “Simeon Peter, a servant and apostle of Jesus Christ" (ESV). By this we understand the claim to be Simon Bar-Jonah (Matt 16:17), a ...
7
votes
3answers
209 views

In Rev 19:16, why is the Name on the Word's thigh and robe?

The fact that the Name is on the Robe makes sense, because that's where the High Priest wore the Breastplate with the 12 Jewels and the Urim and Thummim; and the 12 Jewels are an echo and elaboration ...
7
votes
3answers
526 views

How was the Apostle Paul a Debtor to the Greeks?

Romans 1:14 I am debtor both to the Greeks, and to the Barbarians; both to the wise, and to the unwise. In what sense was Paul a debtor to these groups of people? I can't find any context in ...

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