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772 views

Did Pharoah have free will?

Pharoah starts by hardening his own heart, but then God hardens it (here is the list of verses). Did God remove Pharoah's free will?
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4answers
731 views

Moses' manufacture of the “bronze serpent” - what bronze?

In Numbers 21:9 it says: So Moses made a bronze snake and put it on a pole, so that if a snake had bitten someone, when he looked at the bronze snake he lived. [NET] Where would Moses probably ...
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3answers
165 views

Was the Passover meal to be boiled according to Deuteronomy 16:5-7?

In a recent exchange, Peter Enns responded to a review of his recent book, defending what he sees as a a contradiction between Exodus 12:8-9 and (from what I can gather) Deuteronomy 16:5-7. He seems ...
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3answers
2k views

In John 3:16, is the word believe a continous action for everlasting life?

Is eternal life in John 3:16 conditional on continous belief in Jesus Christ? The word "believe" in this verse is a present participle verb. Thanks very much!
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3answers
643 views

How should John 1 be interpreted?

The first chapter of the Gospel of John seems to contrast with the rest of the book, in style and purpose. It seems very abstract and poetic, while the rest of John seems to be a more traditional ...
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5answers
2k views

Who is being slandered in 2 Peter 10b-11?

There are a number of interrelated questions I have arising from 2 Peter 2:10-11. Here are a pair of translations of the relevant verses (emphasis mine): NIV: Bold and arrogant, they are not ...
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2answers
1k views

Does John distinguish between terms for love?

It's fairly common knowledge that there are four Greek words for love, but it's not clear from the Wikipedia article whether certain distinctions persist from Ancient Greek to Koine, namely the ...
5
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2answers
958 views

Is Elijah fed by ravens or Arabians?

A couple of commentaries mention that scholars dispute that Elijah was fed by ravens and instead think the word in 1 Kings 17:4-6 ought to be translated black arabs or perhaps "Orbites, i.e., ...
5
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3answers
366 views

Satan: Stumbling Block or Accuser?

I was always taught that Satan meant "stumbling block" or some such. When Jesus cursed Peter saying, "Get behind me Satan" (Matthew 16:23), my parish priest, at least, always says Jesus is saying ...
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4answers
437 views

Internal Evidence of Authorship of the Fourth Gospel

By the "fourth gospel," I mean the gospel commonly attributed to an "apostle John." However, is there actually an internal evidence that someone named John wrote the fourth gospel, as is commonly ...
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2answers
697 views

Sacrificing and kissing calves in Hosea 13:2

Reading Hosea 13:2 ESV, I found myself confused: And now they sin more and more, and make for themselves metal images, idols skillfully made of their silver, all of them the work of craftsmen. It ...
5
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1answer
223 views

Daniel 8:15-27 :“… Kingdom of greece …”

I was reading Daniel 8:15-27, where it says: .... the ram you saw that had two horns represents the kingdoms of Media and Persia. The goat represents the kingdom of Greece, and the prominent horn ...
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2answers
744 views

Can “שָׂנֵא” mean “rejected”?

I have posted a question about the translation of μισέω in Romans 9:15, which quotes Malachi 1:2-3. To further dig into the question of whether "rejected" is a correct translation, I would like to ...
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5answers
2k views

Does Paul reject the idea of celebrating holidays in Galatians?

Paul has some very strong words against the Galatians implying that they are returning to their former state: Formerly, when you did not know God, you were enslaved to those that by nature are not ...
5
votes
1answer
96 views

What does the superscript “-N” mean when added to the abbreviation LXX?

I've just read "LXX-N" in a commentary and I'm wondering what it means. I know LXX is Septuagint and usually the letters afterwards refer to a particular codex or manuscript, however there is no codex ...
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4answers
237 views

In Acts 2:17 Peter says 'in the last days' but Joel (who he was quoting) had said 'Afterwards'

Was Peter changing it on purpose? Did Joel mean something different to the literal sense of the word? If Peter did change it how can we be sure it is relevant to what was happening?
5
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3answers
356 views

Different translation of “The Great Tribulation?”

I like to frequently cross reference different translations of the Bible (usually Douay-Rheims, KJV, NIV, NASB). I've noticed that the older versions (KJV, Douay Rhiems) of the Revelation 7:14 ...
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3answers
5k views

What is the meaning of “water and blood” in 1 John 5:6?

In 1 John 5:6 John uses water and blood as symbolic short hand, clearly expecting his audience to know the meaning of these two liquids. 6 This is the one who came by water and blood—Jesus Christ. ...
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1answer
3k views

Meaning of (et)“את” and (v'et)“וְאֵ֥ת” in Genesis 1:1

Genesis 1:1 In the beginning בְּרֵאשִׁ֖ית created בָּרָ֣א God אֱלֹהִ֑ים (unknown word) אֵ֥ת the heavens הַשָּׁמַ֖יִם (unknown word) וְאֵ֥ת the earth הָאָֽרֶץ׃ I ...
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2answers
267 views

Ezekiel 44:5 Mark Well

Ezekiel 44:5 ESV And the Lord said to me, “Son of man, mark well, see with your eyes, and hear with your ears all that I shall tell you concerning all the statutes of the temple of the Lord ...
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5answers
270 views

Is the NLT's version of Romans 13:7 a valid interpretation?

Romans 13:7 (ESV) 7 Pay to all what is owed to them: taxes to whom taxes are owed, revenue to whom revenue is owed, respect to whom respect is owed, honor to whom honor is owed. ...
5
votes
1answer
201 views

Do some of the manuscripts have a blank spot in Ephesians 1:1?

The NIV footnotes indicate that some early manuscripts do not have "in Ephesus" in then. The NET has extensive notes on this, but they only state the the earliest and most important MSS "omit" the ...
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2answers
307 views

Is “calling on the name of the Lord” in Acts 9 literal or figurative?

How did Paul fetch out the followers of Jesus in Acts 9? I've always thought that it was simply their practice of calling on the name of the Lord (precisely "Jesus") aloud as the phrase "calling on ...
5
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2answers
299 views

Why is “raah” usually translated differently in Amos 3:6 and 9:4

Why is "raah" usually translated differently in Amos 3:6 and 9:4, even in a super-literal translation: 6Is a trumpet blown in a city, And do people not tremble? Is there affliction in a city, And ...
5
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3answers
152 views

Is Jesus the λόγος in Hebrews 4:12?

For the word of God is alive and active. Sharper than any double-edged sword, it penetrates even to dividing soul and spirit, joints and marrow; it judges the thoughts and attitudes of the heart ( ...
5
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4answers
584 views

How do we reconcile the morality of Deuteronomy 5:9 with 24:16 regarding punishment of children for their father's crime?

The following two passages from Deuteronomy seem to lend themselves to opposing conclusions about the morality of punishing someone for a crime committed by their father: 8“‘You shall not make for ...
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2answers
145 views

Did the Jerusalem Council intend to replace the Torah?

When Paul and Barnabas when down to Jerusalem to consult with the apostles about whether Gentiles ought to be compelled to be circumcised, the final word comes from James: Therefore my judgment is ...
5
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4answers
146 views

Silence of the idols and silence of the people before Yahweh in Habakkuk 2:18-20

Habakkuk 2:20 has a powerful sound: But Yahweh is in his holy Temple. Let all the earth be silent before him. I feel there are depths here that I am not plumbing. What is the connection here ...
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3answers
169 views

Are the rings for carrying the incense altar pure gold?

In Exodus we read about the structure of the altar for burning incense: You shall make an altar for burning incense; make it of acacia wood. It shall be a cubit long and a cubit wide—it ...
5
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2answers
2k views

Comma? “Verily I say unto thee today, …” or “Verily I say unto thee, today…”

The reading of Luke 23:43 differs depending on how we punctuate it: And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, Today shalt thou be with me in paradise. Or And Jesus said unto him, ...
5
votes
2answers
25k views

What is the significance of the floating ax head in 2 Kings 6:1-7?

Now the company of prophets said to Elisha, "As you see, the place where we live under your charge is too small for us. Let us go to the Jordan, and let us collect logs there, one for each of us, ...
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2answers
3k views

What is the Sitz im Leben approach in Form Criticism?

What is the Sitz im Leben approach to Biblical hermeneutics? How is it used in form-critical exegesis?
5
votes
1answer
105 views

Does Isaiah 40 indicate (along with science) that the universe is expanding?

Does this passage in Isaiah indicate that the heavens (e.g. universe) is expanding, in agreement with scientific observations? Am I interpreting this correctly? It would be pretty amazing if this is ...
5
votes
2answers
260 views

Is Hosea 11:1 referencing the initiation of the Exodus or the sojourn in Egypt?

The New JPS translation of Hosea 11:1 reads: I fell in love with Israel When he was still a child; And I have called [him] My son Ever since Egypt. This seems to indicate that when ...
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2answers
2k views

Who or where is Meroz in Judges 5:23?

We read: “Curse Meroz!” said the angel of the Lord. “Bitterly curse its inhabitants, Because they came not to the aid of the Lord, To the aid of the Lord among the warriors.”—Judges ...
5
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3answers
127 views

Does Paul intend that what follows after 1 Corinthians 7:25a have less authority?

In some of Paul's writings, he maintains that his teachings have the authority of God the Father and Jesus Christ. But in 1st Corinthians 7:25, Paul specifically states that his next advice comes not ...
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4answers
11k views

Does Jesus refer to aliens in John 10:16?

Jesus said: And I have other sheep that are not of this fold. I must bring them also, and they will listen to my voice. So there will be one flock, one shepherd.—John 10:16 (ESV) Who are ...
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3answers
5k views

What was meant by “paradise” when Jesus spoke to the thief on the cross?

As he was crucified, Jesus engaged in a conversation with one of the other thieves hung along side him. at the end is this pronouncement: Luke 23:43 (ESV) 43 And he said to him, "Truly, I say to ...
5
votes
1answer
199 views

The name of God in ancient manuscripts

I came across the following from an unofficial/unverified source: Yahu An alternative spelling and pronunciation of Yahweh, found (spelled YHW) on a circa 800 B.C.E. ostracon from Kuntillet ...
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3answers
517 views

What is Apostle Paul's “thorn in the flesh”?

2 Corinthians 12:7-9 (AKJV) And lest I should be exalted above measure through the abundance of the revelations, there was given to me a thorn in the flesh, the messenger of Satan to buffet me, ...
5
votes
2answers
175 views

What is meant by “clean” and “unclean” animals in Genesis 7?

Genesis 7 orders Noah to take "clean" and "unclean" animals with him into the Ark, but this is way before people received kosher laws on what animals could be eaten. So what is meant here by clean and ...
5
votes
1answer
163 views

Did Paul think in Hebrew?

I recently posted a question here regarding a passage in Romans citing a verse in Habakkuk. My understanding is that in this and (all?) other references to Hebrew scripture Paul cites the LXX ...
5
votes
4answers
302 views

Was there an astronomical origin of the Star of Bethlehem in Matthew 2?

In Matthew 2:1-12, there are mentions of the Star of Bethlehem, specifically Matthew 2:2 and asked, “Where is the one who has been born king of the Jews? We saw his star when it rose and have ...
5
votes
1answer
306 views

Sentence structure of Romans 12:6

Background If you read Romans 12:6 (part of a very popular passage about "spiritual gifts") from the NASB or any similar translation, you may notice something odd: a good chunk of the verse is not ...
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votes
3answers
418 views

Why does the YLT render “thunder” as “voices” in Exodus 20:18?

Most modern translations of Exodus 20:18a render it something like the ESV (all emphasis mine): Now when all the people saw the thunder and the flashes of lightning and the sound of the trumpet ...
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3answers
3k views

Why does Jehoash cry “The chariots and horsemen of Israel”?

When Elisha is about to die, Jehoash the king goes to visit Elisha and cries before him: Now Elisha was suffering from the illness from which he died. Jehoash king of Israel went down to see him ...
5
votes
2answers
128 views

What does the word הַסִּרְפַּד mean?

Isaiah 55:13 uses the word הַסִּרְפַּד which I have seen translated as "brier" or "nettle". What is the precise meaning of this word? Is it used elsewhere?
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votes
2answers
349 views

Exodus 21:22: is “mischief” related only to the mother or to the baby, too?

Exodus 21:22 (KJV): If men strive, and hurt a woman with child, so that her fruit depart from her, and yet no mischief follow: he shall be surely punished, according as the woman's husband ...
5
votes
1answer
930 views

Was Rahab a temple prostitute?

Joshua includes a dramatic story of spies, a prostitute, and subterfuge: Joshua son of Nun secretly sent two spies from Shittim, saying, “Go, reconnoiter the region of Jericho.” So they set out, ...
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4answers
6k views

Admah and Zeboiim in Hosea 11:8

In one of the most beautiful passages of a beautiful book, God says: How can I give you up, O Ephraim? How can I hand you over, O Israel? How can I make you like Admah? How can I treat you ...

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