7
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1answer
6k views

What does it mean to be a Nazirite?

In Numbers 6, God gives the rules for being a Nazirite. This person is set apart for service to God. There are rules they must follow and actions they must take or refrain from. They must not eat or ...
7
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2answers
710 views

How reliable are the Dead Sea Scrolls as a base to compare against the Masoretic text and the LXX?

I often find people comparing other manuscripts (e.g., Masoretic text, LXX) against the Dead Sea Scrolls in order to determine their accuracy. For example, this thread asked how reliable the LXX was ...
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4answers
9k views

What is the purpose of Elijah's travels?

At the beginning of 2 Kings 2, Elijah travels from Gilgal to Bethel to Jericho to the Jordan before being taken up in the whirlwind. Elisha then mostly reverses this course crossing back over the ...
7
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1answer
527 views

The will of God in Ephesians 1: εὐδοκία, βουλή, θελήμα

Paul places an emphasis on the will and plan of God in Ephesians 1. In addition to the verbs προορίζω ("I predestine") and ἐκλέγω ("I choose"), three nouns factor large in this theme. Here they are, ...
7
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1answer
482 views

Is the ESV rendering “My Spirit shall not abide in man forever” in Genesis 6:3 accurate?

I am reading through Genesis in the ESV for the first time and was struck by some unfamiliar wording in Genesis 6:3. It reads: "My Spirit shall not abide in man forever, for he is flesh: his days ...
7
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3answers
951 views

In what way was Jesus' prayer heard (Hebrews 5:7)?

Hebrews 5:7 (ESV): During the days of Jesus’ life on earth, he offered up prayers and petitions with fervent cries and tears to the one who could save him from death, and he was heard because of ...
7
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3answers
164 views

Are there scriptural standards by which a hermeneutic method can be measured?

Jesus appears to be specifically criticizing the interpretive method used by the Sudducees, saying, they do not know the scriptures. Mt 22:29 Jesus answered and said unto them, Ye do err, not ...
7
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1answer
63 views

What is the Temple of Arza? Which idol is this?

In I Kings 16:9, the Bible mentions that Zimri assassinated Elah, king of Israel, when the latter was drunk at the "House of Arza" (בית ארצא). Both the Targum and the Peshitta there add that Arza was ...
7
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1answer
66 views

Does God think something untrue in Jeremiah 3:7?

The NABRE gives Jeremiah 3:6-8 as follows (emphasis added): The LORD said to me in the days of King Josiah: Do you see what rebellious Israel has done? She has gone up every high mountain, and ...
7
votes
1answer
154 views

Why do some Bibles say 'Canaanites' in Zechariah 14:21, while other say 'traders' or 'merchants'?

Zechariah 14:21 (KJV): Yea, every pot in Jerusalem and in Judah shall be holiness unto the LORD of hosts: and all they that sacrifice shall come and take of them, and seethe therein: and in that ...
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3answers
274 views

What's behind the difference between the Greek and Hebrew of Exodus 21?

In Exodus 21:22-25, the consequences for hitting a pregnant woman are discussed. But the Masoretic Text and the Septuagint seem to differ. The MT refers to harm to the child, while the LXX refers to ...
7
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1answer
91 views

Does Hosea 1:9 contain a reference to the divine name I AM?

Hosea 1:9 וַיֹּ֕אמֶר קְרָ֥א שְׁמ֖וֹ לֹ֣א עַמִּ֑י כִּ֤י אַתֶּם֙ לֹ֣א עַמִּ֔י וְאָנֹכִ֖י לֹֽא־אֶהְיֶ֥ה לָכֶֽם׃ And the LORD said, “Call his name Not My People, for you are not my people, and I am ...
7
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1answer
69 views

Jam 5:16 who is this 'confession' being made to?

When James tells us to confess our trespass, who is the confession being made to? James 5:14-16 Is anyone among you sick? Let him call for the elders of the church, and let them pray over him, ...
7
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2answers
172 views

Do the children have their ‘guardian’ angels (Matthew 18:10)?

In Matthew 18:10 it reads: "See that you do not disdain one of these little ones. For I tell you that their angels in heaven always see the face of my Father in heaven. (Matthew 18:10, NET, ...
7
votes
1answer
216 views

Genesis 22: Jehovah Jireh

Title spelled for recognizability. Forgive me. In Gen 22:14, Abraham names the place where the LORD provided a sacrifice in place of Isaac, calling it: יְהוָ֣ה ׀ יִרְאֶ֑ה אֲשֶׁר֙ יֵאָמֵ֣ר ...
7
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3answers
3k views

Do the specific gifts the father gives to the prodigal son have any special significance?

What is the significance of the robe, ring & sandals in Luke 15:22? ‘But the father said to his servants, “Quick! Bring the best robe and put it on him. Put a ring on his finger and sandals on ...
7
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1answer
122 views

What does the vocabulary of 2 Peter indicate about its authorship?

The opening verse of 2 Peter states that the book was written by “Simeon Peter, a servant and apostle of Jesus Christ" (ESV). By this we understand the claim to be Simon Bar-Jonah (Matt 16:17), a ...
7
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4answers
6k views

What does “The LORD said to my Lord” mean in Psalm 110?

This phrase has perplexed me a little bit. It's a psalm that was quoted by both Jesus (Matt 22:44, Mark 12:36, Luke 20:42) and Peter (Acts 2:34). Psalm 110:1 ESV The LORD says to my Lord: “Sit at ...
7
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3answers
195 views

In Rev 19:16, why is the Name on the Word's thigh and robe?

The fact that the Name is on the Robe makes sense, because that's where the High Priest wore the Breastplate with the 12 Jewels and the Urim and Thummim; and the 12 Jewels are an echo and elaboration ...
7
votes
2answers
736 views

What is the outer darkness referred to in Matthew?

In the book of Matthew and none of the other Gospels he quotes Jesus as having said they would be cast into the outer darkness. Matthew 8:12 KJV But the children of the kingdom shall be cast out ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Why would the disciples have rebuked people for bringing infants to Jesus?

Luke 18:15 tells a story of people bringing infants to Jesus: Now they were bringing even infants to him that he might touch them. And when the disciples saw it, they rebuked them. (ESV) I take ...
7
votes
2answers
361 views

How can one determine that a passage is “programmatic”?

I've seen it commonly said that Psalm 1 and 2 are to be considered "programmatic" for the Psalms. I've seen mention of the same for Luke 4 and Luke(-Acts). For example, Gordon Wenham writes: This ...
7
votes
2answers
726 views

Cain's lineage vs. Adam's

Are the writers of Genesis trying to compare Cain's (Genesis 4:6) and Adam's lineages (Genesis 5) to show the difference between a community that follows God and a community that moves away from God? ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

To whom should we attribute John 3:16?

Who is speaking in John 3:16? Jesus or John? John 3 begins with Jesus speaking in the first person but in v. 13 there's a shift to the third person which continues until a change of scene at 3:22. ...
7
votes
2answers
318 views

Why is the law about cooking a goat in mother's milk listed with instructions about feasts?

As this question notes, the law concerning cooking a young goat in its mother's milk appears three times in Torah: Exodus: 23:19, Exodus 34:26, and Deuteronomy 14:21. It's placement in Deuteronomy ...
7
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0answers
49 views

Was the LXX used in Palestine in the First Century?

It is recorded that Jesus read from the Septuagint in the synagogue during His ministry. As an example, Luke 4:16-20 has Jesus reading from an Isaiah scroll in a synagogue, and the text provided ...
7
votes
0answers
36 views

Addressing someone as “epistates” (Ἐπιστάτα)

In the New Testament the Greek word used for 'Lord' is often 'kurios' or 'Kyrie', a transliteration of Greek Κύριε (Kyrie), vocative case of Κύριος (Kyrios). I understand and believe the ...
7
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0answers
73 views

What is the meaning of εἰς τὸ ἐκείνου θέλημα in 2 Tim 2:26 - the will of the devil, or the will of God?

Does the following phrase εἰς τὸ ἐκείνου θέλημα refer to the will of God or the will of the devil? 2 Tim 2:26 (NA28) καὶ ἀνανήψωσιν ἐκ τῆς τοῦ διαβόλου παγίδος, ἐζωγρημένοι ὑπʼ αὐτοῦ εἰς τὸ ...
7
votes
2answers
125 views

What is the point of Ezekiel not mourning his wife?

Ezekiel does a lot of strange things at the behest of Yahweh. One of the most poignant is set out in 24:16 (ESV): "Son of man, behold, I am about to take the delight of your eyes away from you at ...
7
votes
3answers
154 views

Was Paul arguing that Christians are the “true Temple,” in contrast The Temple?

In I Corinthians 3:16-17, Paul writes: Do you not know that you are God’s temple and that God’s Spirit dwells in you? If anyone destroys God’s temple, God will destroy him. For God’s temple is ...
7
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0answers
85 views

Why was the “nearer-redeemer” surprised to learn of his obligation to Ruth? [duplicate]

In Ruth 4:4-4:6, the nearer redeemer initially agrees to buy the field being sold by Naomi, but when Boaz tells him that he will be required to take Ruth as his wife, he reneges on this, leaving Boaz ...
7
votes
1answer
127 views

Judges 3:9 and the meaning of זעק

In Judges 3:9 we read: “When the children of Israel cried out to the LORD, the LORD raised up a deliverer for the children of Israel, who delivered them: Othniel the son of Kenaz, Caleb's ...
7
votes
4answers
690 views

Does God have regret or not in 1st Samuel 15?

In 1 Samuel 15:29 he writes that the "Glory of Israel" will not have regret, yet in verse 35 he writes that the Lord regretted making Saul king. 1 Samuel 15:28,29 ESV And Samuel said to him, “The ...
7
votes
2answers
127 views

“he will rule over you” — good, bad, or neutral?

In Genesis 3:16 we read about God's curse on the woman: To the woman He said, “I will greatly multiply Your pain in childbirth, In pain you will bring forth children; Yet your desire ...
7
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0answers
74 views

What were the historical reasons why Revelation was included in most Christian canons? [duplicate]

According to Wikipedia: Revelation was the last book to be accepted into the Christian biblical canon, and even at the present day some Nestorian churches reject it. It was tainted because the ...
7
votes
3answers
169 views

What does it mean “to quench” in 1 Thessalonians 5:19?

In 1 Thessalonians 5:19 we read: Quench not the Spirit. (KJV) According to Strong's, "Quench" is the word 4570 σβέννυμι, which means "I extinguish, quench, I suppress, thwart." The dictionary ...
7
votes
2answers
185 views

Does רוּחַ, rûaḥ refer to the Spirit of יהוה, YHWH in Ezekiel 37:9?

Does רוּחַ, rûaḥ refer to the Spirit of יהוה, YHWH (Jehovah in the YLT below) in Ezekiel 37:9? BHS: וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֵלַ֔י הִנָּבֵ֖א אֶל־הָר֑וּחַ הִנָּבֵ֣א בֶן־אָ֠דָם וְאָמַרְתָּ֨ אֶל־הָר֜וּחַ כֹּֽה־אָמַ֣ר ׀ ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

Does the Hebrew word “olam“ mean “forever” in Leviticus 23:41?

Several passages refer to keeping a feast as a statute forever. For instance, Exodus 12:14 reads: “This day shall be for you a memorial day, and you shall keep it as a feast to the Lord; ...
7
votes
3answers
86 views

Heb. 11:17: Why προσενήνοχεν, first, and then shortly thereafter, προσέφερεν?

Greek text of Heb. 11:17 according to Textus Receptus: Πίστει προσενήνοχεν Ἀβραὰμ τὸν Ἰσαὰκ πειραζόμενος καὶ τὸν μονογενῆ προσέφερεν ὁ τὰς ἐπαγγελίας ἀναδεξάμενος English translation according ...
7
votes
3answers
686 views

Are there differences in how the Spirit empowers people?

In the Hebrew Bible, the Spirit of the Lord empowers people. Examples include: Judges 14:19 The Lord’s spirit empowered him. [NET] The word used in Judges 14:19 is a form of tsalach meaning ...
7
votes
2answers
326 views

How can we understand differences between the NWT and Latin/Hebrew/Greek on Zechariah 12:10?

Is there any early manuscript that shows a word translatable as "the one" (3rd person) in Zechariah 12:10? When looking at Zechariah 12:10, this is how it reads in: New World Translation (NWT) ...
7
votes
3answers
7k views

What does the Old Testament phrase 'cut off from their people' mean?

What does the Old Testament phrase 'cut off from their people' mean? I have often read it, but am having difficulty imaganing how it may have actually been practiced? If it was determined that so and ...
7
votes
3answers
243 views

Hosea 13:14 as quoted in 1 Corinthians 15

Hosea 13:14 reads in the ESV: Shall I ransom them from the power of Sheol? Shall I redeem them from Death? O Death, where are your plagues? O Sheol, where is your sting? Compassion is ...
7
votes
3answers
355 views

“The Name of Yahweh” a name for God?

I have often been told that "name" in the Old Testament has much more weight than it does to us today. Then I noticed this passage recently: See, the Name of the Yahweh comes from afar, with ...
7
votes
1answer
71 views

Terminology of “goodness” in Romans 7

There are two different words translated "good" or "right" in Romans 7: ἀγαθός and καλός. I'm trying to determine whether there is any distinction intended. I realize that the "basic" sense (or at ...
7
votes
2answers
163 views

Does “the church” in Matthew 18:17 refer to the whole assembly?

In Matthew 18:17, Jesus' instructions on the brother who sins reach a climax: If he refuses to listen to them, tell it to the church. And if he refuses to listen even to the church, let him be to ...
7
votes
3answers
217 views

What are “works of the law”?

What is meant by the expression "the works of the law" in the following verses? Romans 3:28 For we consider that a person is justified by faith apart from works of the law Galatians 2:16 who ...
7
votes
4answers
7k views

Why does Jesus refer to himself as the “Son of Man” in Mark 2:10?

In Mark 2:10, while addressing the crowd, Jesus refers to himself as the Son of Man. Which is easier, to say to the paralytic, ‘Your sins are forgiven,’ or to say, ‘Rise, take up your bed and ...
7
votes
3answers
173 views

What is the difference between ζωὴ and ψυχὴ?

The word "life" appears in most translations of John 12:25 three times. For example, in the ESV: Whoever loves his life loses it, and whoever hates his life in this world will keep it for eternal ...
7
votes
1answer
130 views

Why did Paul use χρηματισμός to introduce his quotation from the Elijah narrative in Romans 11?

Romans 11:4 (NA28 | ESV): ἀλλὰ τί λέγει αὐτῷ ὁ χρηματισμός; κατέλιπον ἐμαυτῷ ἑπτακισχιλίους ἄνδρας, οἵτινες οὐκ ἔκαμψαν γόνυ τῇ Βάαλ. But what is God’s reply to him? (literally: what does the ...

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