5
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3answers
361 views

Why does the YLT render “thunder” as “voices” in Exodus 20:18?

Most modern translations of Exodus 20:18a render it something like the ESV (all emphasis mine): Now when all the people saw the thunder and the flashes of lightning and the sound of the trumpet ...
5
votes
2answers
127 views

What does the word הַסִּרְפַּד mean?

Isaiah 55:13 uses the word הַסִּרְפַּד which I have seen translated as "brier" or "nettle". What is the precise meaning of this word? Is it used elsewhere?
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2answers
335 views

Exodus 21:22: is “mischief” related only to the mother or to the baby, too?

Exodus 21:22 (KJV): If men strive, and hurt a woman with child, so that her fruit depart from her, and yet no mischief follow: he shall be surely punished, according as the woman's husband ...
5
votes
1answer
824 views

Was Rahab a temple prostitute?

Joshua includes a dramatic story of spies, a prostitute, and subterfuge: Joshua son of Nun secretly sent two spies from Shittim, saying, “Go, reconnoiter the region of Jericho.” So they set out, ...
5
votes
4answers
5k views

Admah and Zeboiim in Hosea 11:8

In one of the most beautiful passages of a beautiful book, God says: How can I give you up, O Ephraim? How can I hand you over, O Israel? How can I make you like Admah? How can I treat you ...
5
votes
2answers
344 views

Was Nazareth a joke town?

Nathanael said (John 1:46a):  “Nazareth! Can anything good come from there?” Nathanael asked. What was the reputation of Nazareth at the time? Was it considered a "joke town" to be made fun of?
5
votes
2answers
156 views

Meaning of ἡ κοινωνία τῆς πίστεώς σου in Philemon 6

What is the meaning of ἡ κοινωνία τῆς πίστεώς σου in Philemon 6? I have seen it rendered fellowship, sharing, communication, et cetera, but I haven't been able to clearly ascertain Paul's ...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

What is the Sitz im Leben approach in Form Criticism?

What is the Sitz im Leben approach to Biblical hermeneutics? How is it used in form-critical exegesis?
5
votes
1answer
161 views

The name of God in ancient manuscripts

I came across the following from an unofficial/unverified source: Yahu An alternative spelling and pronunciation of Yahweh, found (spelled YHW) on a circa 800 B.C.E. ostracon from Kuntillet ...
5
votes
2answers
168 views

What does Jesus mean by “Pray then like this:” before the “Lord's Prayer”

7“And when you pray, do not heap up empty phrases as the Gentiles do, for they think that they will be heard for their many words. 8Do not be like them, for your Father knows what you need before ...
5
votes
1answer
110 views

In Numbers 19 - What is Third day and Seventh day referring to?

In this verse: 11“Whoever touches a human corpse will be unclean for seven days. 12They must purify themselves with the water on the third day and on the seventh day; then they will be clean. ...
5
votes
1answer
151 views

Why modern translations of Mark 7:4 omit some words at the end of the verse?

I am not a scholar - I do not know Greek or Latin and I do not know much about NT manuscripts. In modern translations of Mark 7:4 there is one thing that I would like to understand. That is, why ...
5
votes
2answers
701 views

Who were the “sons of God” (bene elohim) in Genesis 6:2?

Genesis 6:1-2 (ESV emphasis mine): When man began to multiply on the face of the land and daughters were born to them, the sons of God saw that the daughters of man were attractive. And they took ...
5
votes
2answers
155 views

Reconciling the Differences in Jesus' Citation of Deu. 6:5 according to the Synoptics

According to the Masoretic text of Deu. 6:5, it is written, וְאָהַבְתָּ אֵת יַהְוֶה אֱלֹהֶיךָ בְּכָל לְבָבְךָ וּבְכָל נַפְשְׁךָ וּבְכָל מְאֹדֶךָ which the Septuagint (according to Rahlf's ...
5
votes
2answers
244 views

How do you reconcile I Tim 2 saying that a woman is not to teach a man and the account of Priscilla and Aquila teaching Apollos who was a man?

How do you reconcile 1 Tim 2 which says that a woman is not to teach a man and Acts 18:24-28 which is account of Priscilla and Aquila teaching a man, Apollos?
5
votes
2answers
326 views

Why does NIV translate Revelation 22:14, Blessed are those who wash their robes?

Revelation 22:14 (New International Version) 14 “Blessed are those who wash their robes, that they may have the right to the tree of life and may go through the gates into the city. Revelation ...
5
votes
3answers
827 views

Who did Jesus preach to in 1 Peter 3:19?

1 Peter 3:19 says that Jesus preached unto spirits in prison; are these spirits associated with the angels of 2 Peter 2:4 and Jude 1:6? If not who were the spirits that He preached to?
5
votes
1answer
642 views

To what does the time clause connect in Revelation 13:8?

I noticed that there are several ways that English translations render Revelation 13:8. There is a potentially significant difference in how the clauses connect, but most translations are a little bit ...
5
votes
1answer
263 views

Was the ending of Matthew 28 added later?

In 1905, E.W. Bullinger said that portions of Matthew 28:19 are not found in all Greek manuscripts. Is it true that there is no surviving copy of Matthew 28 before the 3rd century? Was this ending ...
5
votes
2answers
4k views

The Ten Commandments were based on the Code of Hammurabi?

A topic that was discussed among peers was that the Ten Commandments of Christian and Jewish faith were based off the Code of Hammurabi. I looked into the Wikipedia article and was informed that ...
5
votes
1answer
656 views

What would be a good translation of 'poiēma'?

Two verses use the Greek ποίημα (G4161): For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly seen, being understood through what ...
5
votes
1answer
270 views

Does “Thou hast said”equate to “yes”?

I have encountered "Thou hast said" number of times in the N.T. Perhaps, it can also be found in O.T. I wonder if it is absolutely synonymous to "yes" or it is a way of implying "yes" while not ...
5
votes
3answers
510 views

Is John 21 a later addition to the Fourth Gospel?

Many readers have noted that John 20:30-31 makes for a fitting ending to the Gospel. Jesus performed many other signs in the presence of his disciples, which are not recorded in this book. But ...
5
votes
1answer
80 views

What is a “reinked” manuscript?

So, I'm checking a variant in the CNTTS critical apparatus and look up some info on a couple manuscripts that support a reading. According to CNTTS the manuscript is "a reinked manuscript of the ...
5
votes
2answers
167 views

To what degree is understanding the feelings of a biblical author necessary in exegesis?

I find that miscommunication is often about feelings and not words. Ancient writings requires linguistics, history and cultural knowledge to provide accurate English versions that convey the original ...
5
votes
1answer
524 views

The Latin word lucifer in the Vulgate

The word "Lucifer" in the A.V. of Isaiah 14:12, How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! [how] art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations! is derived ...
5
votes
6answers
1k views

What are the two bronze mountains in Zechariah 6?

I've already asked a broad question about the number two in the book of Zechariah. I've received some helpful input on that and made progress in my own thinking regarding it. However, some of the ...
5
votes
1answer
816 views

What is the difference between “righteous” and “just” in the NT?

I've basically always used these words synonymously. Can someone elaborate on whether there is a difference?
5
votes
1answer
152 views

Is there a published version of the Bible, where the text is ordered chronologically in the order it was written?

Has there been a published version of the Bible where the text was ordered in the order it is best assumed that it was written? I'm not interested in a version that is ordered in a chronological ...
5
votes
3answers
500 views

Why are fathers missing in Mark 10:30?

Mark 10:29 mentions father, but Mark 10:30 doesn't. Jesus said, “Truly, I say to you, there is no one who has left house or brothers or sisters or mother or father or children or lands, for my ...
5
votes
1answer
160 views

Was Enoch taken because he was righteous? Genesis 5:24

Genesis 5:24 reads: Enoch walked faithfully with God; then He was no more, because God took him away. Is this stating that Enoch was the only righteous man apart from Noah at this time? What ...
5
votes
2answers
109 views

Defining Idolatry according to Col 3:5

Put to death therefore what is earthly in you: sexual immorality, impurity, passion, evil desire, and covetousness, which is idolatry. (Col 3:5 ESV) According to this verse in the Greek is ...
5
votes
2answers
188 views

What does it mean to “Weep for Tammuz”?

In Ezekiel 8:14 the prophet is taken up in a vision, and shown women who "Weep for Tummuz." The passage does not explain what that means, although these women are engaged in some form of idolatry. My ...
5
votes
1answer
108 views

What external evidence do we have for who wrote the Gospel of John?

It seems the Gospel of John was written in the late 80s or early 90s. If John was around Jesus age when they both met, then he would have been 80 or 90 years when writing it. In that time, people ...
5
votes
1answer
137 views

Language question in Mark 15:34

In Mark 15:34, why was part of the verse left in the Aramaic language instead of being translated into English? Why, if the rest was translated, does that line remain the same? 15:34 Around three ...
5
votes
3answers
176 views

Is this a figure of speech? [duplicate]

If you look at Proverbs 6:16 and Proverbs 30:18, they are written in a certain format: "There are six things the LORD hates--no, seven things he detests" "There are three things that are too ...
5
votes
1answer
87 views

Is dead Samuel's appearance to Saul 'real'?

My question relates to 1 Samuel 28:3-20 and is also related to this question, but I hope with sufficient difference as to be justified. I've heard/read interpretations of the text that say that ...
5
votes
1answer
191 views

What is the referent of “this mountain” in Mark 11:23?

In Mark 11:23, Jesus tells his disicples, "I tell you the truth, if anyone says to this mountain, 'Go throw yourself into the sea,' and does not doubt in his heart but believes that what he says will ...
5
votes
2answers
149 views

How do we know the usage of the term Adonai in Genesis 15:2?

In Genesis 15:2, Abram uses the term Adonai when addressing the Lord. It is my understanding that this word is an emphatic of Adon, which means Father. What do we know about the cultural and/or ...
5
votes
2answers
529 views

1 Cor 12:22-25 — 'weaker'? 'less honorable'? 'unpresentable'?

22 On the contrary, the parts of the body which seem to be weaker are indispensable, 23 and those parts of the body which we think less honorable we invest with the greater honor, and our ...
5
votes
2answers
147 views

What is the meaning of τῆς παραγγελίας in 1 Tim. 1:5?

In 1 Timothy 1:5, the Greek text states, τὸ δὲ τέλος τῆς παραγγελίας ἐστὶν ἀγάπη ἐκ καθαρᾶς καρδίας καὶ συνειδήσεως ἀγαθῆς καὶ πίστεως ἀνυποκρίτου I'm intentionally avoiding translating the ...
5
votes
5answers
14k views

What does the reference to “us” mean in Genesis? [duplicate]

What does it mean in Genesis 1:26 And God said, Let us make man in our image...? Why does it seem to sound plural?
5
votes
2answers
423 views

Was Elijah decommissioned as a prophet at Horeb?

After his confrontation with the prophets of Baal, Elijah flees to Horeb and petitions the Lord: “I have been very zealous for the Lord God Almighty. The Israelites have rejected your covenant, ...
5
votes
1answer
406 views

Did God make an idol?

In the decalogue God forbids the making and or worshipping of images in the form of anything in the created order. And God spoke all these words: “I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of ...
5
votes
2answers
126 views

Should Q be considered a Gospel?

According to Wikipedia Q source is sometimes called the Q Gospel. My understanding of Q though is that it is proposed mostly as a collection of sayings. Is it proper to call it a "Gospel"? Why or why ...
5
votes
3answers
217 views

To what extent do deductive approaches consider authorial intent?

Bottom-up approaches start analyzing a text by first determining the original intent of the human author of a text. From there, they use inductive reasoning to construct theories of broader meanings. ...
5
votes
1answer
629 views

What is the “New Hermeneutic”?

I have come across the term New Hermeneutic a number of times in Christian hermeneutics books and articles, but I can't really find a clear definition for what this is referring to. (Most of the ...
5
votes
3answers
3k views

Who is the man in Daniel's vision in Daniel 10?

Who does Daniel see in his vision in Daniel 10?
5
votes
2answers
6k views

What and where is the Kerith ravine?

I Kings 17:2-4 (NIV) Reads: Then the word of the Lord came to Elijah: “Leave here, turn eastward and hide in the Kerith Ravine, east of the Jordan. You will drink from the brook, and I have ...
5
votes
5answers
7k views

When Samson posed his riddle, how were his companions supposed to guess it?

From the story of Samson in Judges 14 (NIV): Now his father went down to see the woman. And there Samson held a feast, as was customary for young men. When the people saw him, they chose ...

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