5
votes
1answer
69 views

What is a “hermeneutics of the letter”?

In 2009, Peter Leithart published Deep Exegesis: The Mystery of Reading Scripture (Baylor University Press) - a book that in part aims to advocate a "hermeneutics of the letter." First, this book ...
5
votes
2answers
47 views

To whom does “the righteous” refer to in 1 Timothy 1:9?

1 Timothy 1:9 begins: We also know that the law is made not for the righteous but for lawbreakers and rebels, the ungodly and sinful... Does "the righteous" refer to those perhaps ...
12
votes
1answer
661 views

Why are there extra dots in Genesis 33:4?

I was reading Genesis 33 and noticed extra dots (i.e. not part of the niqqud that I understand) above the letters of “and he kissed him” in verse 4 (picture from archive.org's Biblia Hebraica): ...
5
votes
2answers
87 views

Healing of the Centurion's παῖς (servant, son?) in Matthew 8:5-13

I have heard it said that the Centurion in Matthew 8 was refering to his "παῖς" in the sense of servant or slave, and all translations seem to take it that way. I've heard people go on to say that ...
3
votes
0answers
51 views

Is the use of the smallest possible example meant to indicate a complete absence of faith in Jesus sayings related to mustard seeds? [duplicate]

Jesus tells his disciples that they don't even have faith as big as a mustard seed: Τότε προσελθόντες οἱ μαθηταὶ τῷ Ἰησοῦ κατ᾽ ἰδίαν εἶπον· διὰ τί ἡμεῖς οὐκ ἠδυνήθημεν ἐκβαλεῖν αὐτό; ὁ δὲ λέγει ...
3
votes
3answers
197 views

What was sinful about the acts that Jesus was tempted to perform?

In Matthew 4:1-11, the temptation of Jesus is described. He was tempted to: Turn stones into bread 2 After fasting forty days and forty nights, he was hungry. 3 The tempter came to him and ...
6
votes
1answer
63 views

Whose home was unroofed by the paralytic's friends?

In Mark 2:1, we have A few days later, when Jesus again entered Capernaum, the people heard that he had come home. (NIV) Was he in his own home? If so, how does this change the ...
4
votes
1answer
73 views

1 Cor. 2:1 - μαρτύριον v. μυστήριον

Textus Receptus (Estienne, 1550): Κἀγὼ ἐλθὼν πρὸς ὑμᾶς ἀδελφοί ἦλθον οὐ καθ᾽ ὑπεροχὴν λόγου ἢ σοφίας καταγγέλλων ὑμῖν τὸ μαρτύριον τοῦ θεοῦ Nestle-Aland 28th ed.: Κἀγὼ ἐλθὼν πρὸς ὑμᾶς, ...
10
votes
1answer
89 views

Why doesn’t the Septuagint include the characterization of Isaac as Abraham’s “only son”?

I have been working through bits of Genesis in Hebrew/Greek parallel, and overall it seems like there are few deviations from the Hebrew in the LXX (as opposed to, say, Proverbs), presumably due to a ...
3
votes
1answer
61 views

Can the term “eisegesis” apply to the interpretation of Old Testament passages as prophecies specifically of Jesus?

Since the last Old Testament book was written hundreds of years before the first New Testament book, it actually makes little sense to claim that any of the OT writers had specifically Jesus in mind ...
-2
votes
1answer
36 views

Numbers 21:8 - real fiery serpent or manufactured?

Numbers 21:8 And the LORD said unto Moses: 'Make thee a fiery serpent, and set it upon a pole; and it shall come to pass, that every one that is bitten, when he seeth it, shall live.' ח ...
7
votes
2answers
84 views

Could saying that Melchizedek was “without beginning of days or end of life” possibly be a textual error?

Few mysteries of the Bible have attracted more interest than the mystery of the identity of Melchizedek. He is mentioned in Genesis 14:14-20; Psalm 110:4; Hebrews 5:6, 10, 6:20, 7:1-17; but Hebrews ...
2
votes
5answers
125 views

Does the past tense in the suffering servant song (Isaiah 53) refer to Jesus?

My question is concerning a supposed prophecy that appears to be about Jesus, but a closer look has clued me into something astounding, which was never discussed in church. According to biblical ...
4
votes
0answers
49 views

Judges 3:9 and the meaning of זעק

In Judges 3:9 we read: “When the children of Israel cried out to the LORD, the LORD raised up a deliverer for the children of Israel, who delivered them: Othniel the son of Kenaz, Caleb's younger ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

Why is the Greek word Θεὸς in John 1:1c treated as a proper noun in English Translation? [duplicate]

Why is the Greek word Θεὸς in John 1:1c treated as a proper noun in English Translation? John 1:1 New International Version In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word ...
3
votes
0answers
64 views

Why do translations use “wild ox”?

Several translations frequently speak of the "wild ox." Where I come from, Ox is not the natural ("wild") state of such creatures. Oxen are normally relatively docile, castrated animals, which doesn't ...
1
vote
0answers
39 views

Why did Joab side with Adonijah and not Solomon?

Joab was a loyal captain of King David. However he conspired with Adonijah. (1 Kings 2:28). Was there bitterness in his heart toward David because of the recent killing of Absalom? Or did Joab think ...
2
votes
1answer
51 views

What are the arguments for and against Johannine Comma?

There have been many debates regarding the reliability of the Johannine Comma, a verse in 1 John which many textual critics do not think is authentic. Assuming the verse itself is authentic, what are ...
7
votes
1answer
348 views

Why does Strong's have two different entries for the word “Adam”?

As far as I can tell, these are the exact same word, down to the cantillation marks. And H121 even says, "the same as H120". From Strong's: H120 - 'adam אָדָם, from אָדַם (H119): man, ...
4
votes
0answers
40 views

Who’s doing the calling in Isaiah 7:14?

Isaiah 7:14b reads: הִנֵּ֣ה הָעַלְמָ֗ה הָרָה֙ וְיֹלֶ֣דֶת בֵּ֔ן וְקָרָ֥את שְׁמֹ֖ו עִמָּ֥נוּ אֵֽל׃ This is often translated similarly to the ESV: Behold, the virgin shall conceive and bear a ...
6
votes
1answer
91 views

Why was Jesus standing?

and he said, “Behold, I see the heavens opened up and the Son of Man ~standing~ at the right hand of God.” Acts 7:56 (NASB) All of the time, except for this time, Jesus sits at the right hand ...
9
votes
4answers
201 views

How convincing were the proofs of the resurrection in Acts 1:3?

In studying Acts this week in Turkish, I noticed that there is considerable difference in between translations of Acts 1:3. A quick look through English translations shows a similar range of ...
5
votes
2answers
141 views

What is a “Pre-Christian” understanding of the Abomination of Desolation?

In Matt. 24:15 and Mark 13:14 it says, "When ye therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place, (in the Mark account, it says "where ...
3
votes
1answer
33 views

Num. 15:36 in light of Deu. 31:28 & 31:30 - “All the congregation of Israel”

In Deu. 31:28, it is written, Gather unto me all the elders of your tribes, and your officers, that I may speak these words in their ears, and call heaven and earth to record against them. (KJV) ...
2
votes
3answers
82 views

Why did God Take Zachariah's Voice?

In Luke 1, Gabriel tells the aged priest Zachariah that he’s going to have a son. But Zachariah wants proof. 18 Zechariah asked the angel, “How can I be sure of this? I am an old man and my ...
6
votes
2answers
121 views

Circumcision “reversal” in 1 Corinthians

1 Cor 7:18a: περιτετμημένος τις ἐκλήθη, μὴ ἐπισπάσθω· Was anyone at the time of his call already circumcised? Let him not seek to remove the marks of circumcision. (ESV) It's not hard to find ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

Jerome's translation of κοινωνία in the Vulgate of 1 Cor. 10:16

In the Vulgate of 1 Cor. 10:16, it is written, calicem benedictionis cui benedicimus nonne communicatio sanguinis Christi est et panis quem frangimus nonne participatio corporis Domini est Why ...
4
votes
0answers
80 views

Ruth's Vow to Naomi: Ancient Marriage Vow?

Ruth's vow to Naomi in Ruth 1:16-17 is used in many wedding ceremonies today. Why that is is evident in the text. 16 But Ruth said, "Do not press me to leave you or to turn back from following ...
1
vote
0answers
56 views

Which Documentary Hypothesis sources does Jesus quote from? [closed]

Jesus quoted fairly often from the OT (and especially from the Pentateuch). A good number of quotes are probably chronology-agnostic (e.g. "Love your neighbor as yourself" from Leviticus 19:18 in the ...
3
votes
3answers
83 views

Why do brothers take care of women in the Old Testament?

In the Old Testament, there are several instances where when it comes to taking care of a young woman, usually with regard to who she will marry, it is the brothers of the girl that make an effort to ...
2
votes
0answers
22 views

Word order in John 1:1 [duplicate]

John 1:1 reads: In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. (John 1:1, ESV) The greek reads as follows (as best I can tell; not sure if this is NA or ...
0
votes
2answers
112 views

What are possible historical interpretations of John 1:1?

This question is inspired by a question about the proper translation of John 1:1.1 There are lengthy debates on how to translate the Johanine prologue properly.2 This is not about that debate. Based ...
5
votes
2answers
142 views

Does Isaiah 7:14 refer to a virgin?

There have been quite a few debates on why the word παρθένος (“virgin”) is used in the Septuagint of Isaiah 7:14 when translating the Hebrew word עלמה ("a young maiden”).1 For context let us go ...
9
votes
1answer
107 views

Why does the Greek Septuagint of Genesis 34:3 refer to Dinah as a virgin?

In relation to a question, Does Isaiah 7:14 refer to a virgin? καὶ προσέσχεν τῇ ψυχῇ Δινας τῆς θυγατρὸς Ιακωβ καὶ ἠγάπησεν τὴν παρθένον καὶ ἐλάλησεν κατὰ τὴν διάνοιαν τῆς παρθένου αὐτῇ Greek ...
4
votes
2answers
72 views

Translation of “change” in Malachi 3:6

In Malachi 3:6, the word שָׁנִ֑יתִי (translated change) is used ("For I, the Lord, do not change; therefore you, O sons of Jacob, are not consumed.") This appears to me to be in the perfect tense ...
4
votes
1answer
134 views

Why is “bloods,” translated as “blood,” in Genesis 4:10?

When trying to understand the meaning of "the cry of Abel's blood," as recorded in Genesis 4:10,I found this interesting article which reads, In our lesson, taken from here , we look into an ...
-1
votes
1answer
86 views

How do scholars explain the Bible's seeming discrepancy over Morningstar/Daystar?

Revelation 22:16 I Jesus have sent my angel to testify to you these things in the churches. I am the root and the offspring of David, and the bright and morning-star. (WBS) Jesus calls Himself ...
2
votes
2answers
95 views

2 John 1:7 - Jesus Coming in the Flesh?

2 John 1:7 (NIV) I say this because many deceivers, who do not acknowledge Jesus Christ as coming in the flesh, have gone out into the world. Any such person is the deceiver and the ...
4
votes
1answer
73 views

What is the meaning of the “gathered to his people” idiom?

In the Old Testament, when someone dies, he is sometimes said to be "gathered to his people" or a close variant: Genesis 15:15 As for you [Abraham], you shall go to your fathers in peace; you will ...
2
votes
1answer
49 views

Colossians 2:16 speaks of holy days, festivals or weekly sabbaths?

LITV says Then do not let anyone judge you in eating, or in drinking, or in part of a feast, or of a new moon, or of sabbaths, GW says clearly weekly worship days. for "Sabbath." ...
4
votes
2answers
104 views

Were Shem, Ham and Japheth Triplets?

Genesis 5:32 "Noah was five hundred years old, and Noah became the father of Shem, Ham, and Japheth." When considering the Genealogies of Genesis 5, it becomes evident that the standard form of ...
2
votes
1answer
74 views

Was Jabez asking God to keep him from harm or from evil/sin?

1 Chronicles 4:10 [NIV] Jabez cried out to the God of Israel, "Oh, that you would bless me and enlarge my territory! Let your hand be with me, and keep me from harm so that I will be free ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

John: A lack of “wisdom” in Wisdom literature?

In a series of lecture videos on The Gospel of John, Ben Witherington III proposes to treat the gospel along the lines of wisdom literature. He says: It’s my view that one of the things that makes ...
2
votes
1answer
37 views

The original Greek meaning for 'house' in Acts 2:2

the Holy Spirit filled the whole house where they were sitting What was the original Greek word for 'house'? Could it be referring to the House of the Lord rather than a home dwelling? It seems ...
5
votes
1answer
99 views

What does the superscript “-N” mean when added to the abbreviation LXX?

I've just read "LXX-N" in a commentary and I'm wondering what it means. I know LXX is Septuagint and usually the letters afterwards refer to a particular codex or manuscript, however there is no codex ...
6
votes
2answers
177 views

Why is Abel called a “Prophet”?

In the gospel of Luke at Chapter 11:50-51 (NIV), Jesus refers to Abel as a "prophet." I am not aware of any scripture spoken by Abel, which would prove that he is a prophet,but the words of Jesus ...
4
votes
1answer
62 views

What is the difference between a soul blessing and a person blessing?

Genesis 27 tells the story of Isaac’s blessing being given to Jacob. When they refer to the act of blessing, Isaac and his sons repeatedly use the phrase “[my/your] soul will bless [you/me]” (vv. 4, ...
6
votes
3answers
179 views

Does 1 Samuel 15 disprove the “Ancient Near East Warfare Rhetoric” theory?

In the book “Is God a Moral Monster?" (this website too has some of its theories), the author talked about the exaggeration used in ancient Near Eastern writings as a way to explain why Joshua didn't ...
7
votes
3answers
120 views

Why delay a blessing by asking for food?

In Genesis 27, we read of Isaac’s deception by Jacob and Rebecca, tricking him into bestowing his blessing on Jacob rather than his brother. The whole thing transpires because there is a delay between ...
2
votes
1answer
86 views

Does Genesis 18 show God visited Abraham personally (Theophany), manfiested as a man?

Genesis 18 English Standard Version (ESV) 1 And the Lord appeared to him by the oaks[a] of Mamre, as he sat at the door of his tent in the heat of the day. 2 He lifted up his eyes and looked, ...

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