11
votes
5answers
6k views

What does 'dominion' mean in Genesis?

"And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and ...
18
votes
3answers
4k views

What did the 70 elders see, if man can't see God and live?

Exodus 24:10 says, of the 70 elders who went up on the mountain with Moshe: וַיִּרְאוּ, אֵת אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל and they saw the God of Israel Meanwhile, Exodus 33:20 says, when Moshe asks ...
13
votes
3answers
2k views

How do the traditions of the LXX and MT versions of Jeremiah relate?

Concerning Jeremiah: does the lengthier text tradition found in the MT represent an expansion of the tradition that backed the LXX? Or does the tradition behind the LXX represent an abridgment of the ...
4
votes
1answer
93 views

Why did John the Baptist ask Jesus if he was the Messiah since he baptized Jesus and heard God speak about Jesus?

In Luke 7:18-23, it is written, 18 The disciples of John reported to him about all these things. 19 Summoning two of his disciples, John sent them to the Lord, saying, “Are You the Expected One, ...
10
votes
6answers
427 views

Hosea 6.7: “like men”, “like Adam”, or “at Adam”?

I was doing some study on Adam, and came across Hosea 6.7. The Hebrew, for reference: והמה כאדם עברו ברית שם בגדו בי׃ I was already aware different translations choose to render כאדם either as '...
17
votes
4answers
3k views

Why does Matthew double people?

Matthew seems to mention two people (or animals) where other Gospels mention just one, e.g. two demon possessed men, in Matthew 8:28-34 (compare Mark 5:1-17 and Luke 8:26-39) two blind men, in ...
2
votes
1answer
35 views

What is the correct rendering of ܟܕ in 1 Cor 11:4

1 Corinthians 11:4 Khabouris Codex ܟܠ ܓܒܪܐ ܕܡܨܠܐ ܐܘ ܡܬܢܒܐ ܟܕ ܡܟܣܝ ܪܫܗ ܡܒܗܬ ܪܫܗ (ܟܠ) all, every, whole, entirely (ܓܒܪܐ) man, husband, person (ܕܡܨܠܐ) incline toward, heed, ...
3
votes
2answers
73 views

In Colossians 1:16, what is the meaning of the phrase “in him” (ἐν αὐτῷ)?

Sorry if this seems like a really simple question but this always confuses me. For example Colossians 1:16: For it was in Him that all things were created. Would it mean the same thing if the ...
2
votes
0answers
26 views

מָקוֹר - Why would we interpret 'maqor' as a “fountain”?

The Hebrew term maqor / מָקוֹר (Heb. 4726) has 18 occurrences in the biblical text, and is traditionally rendered 'fountain' in most passages, from KJV (below) right through ESV and HCSB: Psalm 36:...
9
votes
3answers
6k views

What does the word “Sword” mean in Mathew 10:24

Matthew 10:34 New International Version (NIV) 34 “Do not suppose that I have come to bring peace to the earth. I did not come to bring peace, but a sword. How do we understand Jesus use of ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

Did Chrysostom's Text Say a “Double Sabbath” was One Day? or Two?

Related: - What does sabbaton deuteroproton in Luke 6:1 refer to? - Do Idioms Used in the Crucifixion Narrative Resolve the "3 Day/3 Night" Objections? 1. Question: Homilies on ...
4
votes
2answers
55 views

In 2 Corinthians 10:6, what does Paul mean by the phrase “when your obedience is fulfilled”?

In 2 Cor. 10:6, it is written, And having in a readiness to revenge all disobedience, when your obedience is fulfilled. KJV, 1769 καὶ ἐν ἑτοίμῳ ἔχοντες ἐκδικῆσαι πᾶσαν παρακοήν ὅταν πληρωθῇ ...
8
votes
1answer
55 views

Addressing someone as “epistates” (Ἐπιστάτα)

In the New Testament the Greek word used for 'Lord' is often 'kurios' or 'Kyrie', a transliteration of Greek Κύριε (Kyrie), vocative case of Κύριος (Kyrios). I understand and believe the ...
3
votes
1answer
682 views

In 1 Corinthians 12:11, who is it that “wills”?

The Greek text of 1 Cor. 12:11 according to the Textus Receptus states, ΙΑʹ πάντα δὲ ταῦτα ἐνεργεῖ τὸ ἓν καὶ τὸ αὐτὸ πνεῦμα διαιροῦν ἰδίᾳ ἑκάστῳ καθὼς βούλεται TR, 1550 which I translate into ...
1
vote
2answers
36 views

In Galatians 5:5, why does Paul speak of “the hope of righteousness”?

In Galatians 5:5, why does Paul speak of "the hope of righteousness"? Gal 5:5 For through the Spirit, by faith, we ourselves eagerly wait for the hope of righteousness. He usually speaks in ...
2
votes
2answers
36 views

What is the best understanding of חָמָס in Isaiah 53:9?

Isaiah 53:9 And they made his grave with the wicked and with a rich man in his death, although he had done no violence, and there was no deceit in his mouth. Most major translations I've ...
3
votes
1answer
52 views

In 1 Timothy 1:4, why does the King James Version have “edifying” rather than “dispensation”?

The English translation of 1 Tim. 1:4 according to the King James Version states, 4 Neither give heed to fables and endless genealogies, which minister questions, rather than godly edifying which ...
5
votes
2answers
238 views

In 1 Timothy 1:5, what is the meaning of «τῆς παραγγελίας»?

The Greek text of 1 Tim. 1:5 according to the Textus Receptus states, Εʹ τὸ δὲ τέλος τῆς παραγγελίας ἐστὶν ἀγάπη ἐκ καθαρᾶς καρδίας καὶ συνειδήσεως ἀγαθῆς καὶ πίστεως ἀνυποκρίτου TR, 1550 Note: ...
2
votes
1answer
78 views

In Colossians 3:23, what is the meaning of «ἐκ ψυχῆς» and the distinction between «ποιῆτε» and «ἐργάζεσθε»?

The Greek text of Col. 3:23 according to the Textus Receptus states, ΚΓʹ καὶ πᾶν ὃ τι ἐὰν ποιῆτε ἐκ ψυχῆς ἐργάζεσθε ὡς τῷ κυρίῳ καὶ οὐκ ἀνθρώποις TR, 1550 What does «ἐκ ψυχῆς» mean in this ...
10
votes
3answers
44k views

What is the meaning of “heap burning coals on his head”?

Paul, in his letter to the Romans, in a longer passage entreating his readers to love one another, quotes from Proverbs 25:21-22: Romans 12:20 NIV On the contrary: "If your enemy is hungry, feed ...
8
votes
0answers
966 views

Did Saul intend to offer a peace offering in 1st Samuel 13?

When Samuel rebuked Saul for improperly making an offering before the Lord, he asks for both a burnt offering and a "sacrifice of well-being": He waited seven days, the time that Samuel [had set]. ...
2
votes
2answers
307 views

Did King Herod die with worms coming out of his flesh?

Acts 12:21-23 says Herod Agrippa was struck down by an angel and eaten of worms: Acts 12:21-23: And upon a set day Herod, arrayed in royal apparel, sat upon his throne, and made an oration unto ...
2
votes
1answer
78 views

Interpreting “psyche” as “soul”

In the New Testament the Greek term "psyche" often, if not always, gets translated as "soul." Would the original author using that term have meant "psyche" like we mean it today? Or, more precisely, ...
4
votes
2answers
104 views

Blood of God reference to Christ's deity (Act:20:28)

In Acts 20 verses 18-25, Paul addressed the Ephesian elders with a heart felt message. At verse 28 Paul seems to indicate that it was Yahweh's blood, which would specify Christ's shed blood, that ...
3
votes
1answer
26 views

Acts 3:19-20: Accuracy of Greek Text and Reference of “the four-hundred and fifty” in Codex Sinaiticus

The Received Text on Acts 3:19-20 differs from such MSS as the Codex Sinaiticus (א), Alexandrinus (A), and the Codex Vaticanus (B). Questions: Is it possible that the Received Text is accurate? ...
2
votes
1answer
108 views

Sabbath, Sabbaths or week? Matthew 28:1

Reading in Matthew 28:1 (ESV): Now after the Sabbath, toward the dawn of the first day of the week, Mary Magdalene and the other Mary went to see the tomb. ὀψὲ δὲ σαββάτων τῇ ἐπιφωσκούσῃ εἰς ...
7
votes
3answers
178 views

The religious identity of those who translated Psalms 24:1 into the LXX

Some time ago, while writing a research paper, I was reading the LXX of Psa. 24:1. The Hebrew text states, א לְדָוִד מִזְמוֹר ליהוה הָאָרֶץ וּמְלוֹאָהּ תֵּבֵל וְיֹשְׁבֵי בָהּ which may be ...
0
votes
1answer
95 views

In Luke 23:54 - Was Jesus Entombed Right Before the Sabbath Dawn?

Related: - The meaning of παρασκευή ('day of preparation') - Re. The Passover: Why do Christians Assert the Calendar Day Began at Sunset? - Re. The Crucifixion: Possible to Correlate ...
1
vote
1answer
136 views

In John 1:30, what is the meaning of the phrase “After me comes a Man who is preferred before me, for He was before me”?

In John 1:30, it is written, 30 “This is He of whom I said, ‘After me comes a Man who is preferred before me, for He was before me.’ NKJV Λʹ οὗτός ἐστιν περὶ οὗ ἐγὼ εἶπον Ὀπίσω μου ἔρχεται ...
2
votes
0answers
31 views

In the LXX of 2 Samuel 5:18, what is the meaning of the word «τιτάνων»?

In 2 Sam. 5:18, the Hebrew text states, יח וּפְלִשְׁתִּים בָּאוּ וַיִּנָּטְשׁוּ בְּעֵמֶק רְפָאִים which is translated into the Greek Septuagint as, ΙΗʹ καὶ οἱ ἀλλόφυλοι παραγίνονται καὶ ...
2
votes
2answers
309 views

In Genesis 49:24, what is the meaning of the phrase מִשָּׁם רֹעֶה אֶבֶן יִשְׂרָאֵל?

The English translation of Gen. 49:24 according to the King James Version states, 24 But his bow abode in strength, and the arms of his hands were made strong by the hands of the mighty [God] of ...
4
votes
2answers
110 views

Is Christ still in the form of God in Philippians 2:7-8?

Philippians 2:6-8 (ESV) 6 who, though he was in the form of God, did not count equality with God a thing to be grasped, 7 but emptied himself, by taking the form of a servant, being born in ...
2
votes
1answer
78 views

Jerome’s translation of «κοινωνία» in the Vulgate of 1 Cor. 10:16

In the Vulgate of 1 Cor. 10:16, it is written, calicem benedictionis cui benedicimus nonne communicatio sanguinis Christi est et panis quem frangimus nonne participatio corporis Domini est Why ...
6
votes
2answers
275 views

In Exodus 34:33, did Moses speak with the Israelites veiled or unveiled?

The Hebrew text of Exo. 34:33 states, לג וַיְכַל מֹשֶׁה מִדַּבֵּר אִתָּם וַיִּתֵּן עַל פָּנָיו מַסְוֶה One website sites, So, did Moses speak to the Israelites with a veil upon his face or ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

Why does Mark provide two feeding accounts?

The Gospel According to Mark, in contrast to the other three gospels, provides two separate feeding miracles wherein Jesus multiplies loaves and fishes to feed five thousand and four thousand ...
12
votes
5answers
8k views

What is the “Water” of Genesis 1:2?

We read in the creation account: The earth was without form and void, and darkness was over the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters.—Genesis 1:2 (...
3
votes
4answers
244 views

Was Greek Mark's second language?

I've noted that Jesus probably spoke little Greek and did not have formal training. Similarly, Peter and John were likely not trained in Greek (see Acts 4:13). Bart Ehrman points out: [The four ...
2
votes
2answers
122 views

In Exodus 21:24, does “Eye for eye…hand for hand…foot for foot” still apply if the perpetrator was one-eyed, -handed, or -footed?

In Exodus 21:24, it is written, 24 Eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot, KJV, 1769 כד עַיִן תַּחַת עַיִן שֵׁן תַּחַת שֵׁן יָד תַּחַת יָד רֶגֶל תַּחַת רָגֶל Does the ...
8
votes
3answers
5k views

Are Simon the Pharisee (in Luke) and Simon the leper (in other Gospels) the same person?

Quoting from the ESV: Luke 7:37-38 And behold, a woman of the city, who was a sinner, when she learned that he was reclining at table in the Pharisee’s house, brought an alabaster flask of ...
5
votes
1answer
126 views

In 1 Corinthians 2:1, which variant is more likely: «μαρτύριον» v. «μυστήριον»?

The Greek text of 1 Cor. 2:1 according to the Textus Receptus states, Αʹ Κἀγὼ ἐλθὼν πρὸς ὑμᾶς ἀδελφοί ἦλθον οὐ καθ᾽ ὑπεροχὴν λόγου ἢ σοφίας καταγγέλλων ὑμῖν τὸ μαρτύριον τοῦ θεοῦ TR, 1550 The ...
4
votes
1answer
65 views

In Luke 2:22, why does the King James Version translate «τοῦ καθαρισμοῦ αὐτῶν» as “her purification”?

In Luke 2:22, it is written, And when the days of her purification according to the law of Moses were accomplished, they brought him to Jerusalem, to present him to the Lord; KJV, 1769 Καὶ ...
2
votes
0answers
33 views

In Matthew 21:16, did Jesus misquote Psalms 8:2 by saying “praise” instead of “strength”? [duplicate]

The English translation of Matt. 21:16 according to the King James Version states, 16 And said unto him, Hearest thou what these say? And Jesus saith unto them, Yea; have ye never read, Out of the ...
5
votes
3answers
439 views

In John 2:11, why did the disciples of the Lord Jesus Christ believe in him after he turned water into wine?

In John 2:11, it is written, 11 Jesus did this beginning of the signs in Cana of Galilee, and he manifested his glory, and his disciples believed in him. ΙΑʹ Ταύτην ἐποίησεν τὴν ἀρχὴν τῶν ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

What are the implications, if any, if Ἀλφαῖος and Κλωπᾶς are indeed the same individual?

In John 19:25, it is written, 25 Now there stood by the cross of Jesus His mother, and His mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas (Κλωπᾶ),1 and Mary Magdalene. NKJV Regarding the proper name ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

In Matthew 22:30, does Jesus suggest that there will be no women in the kingdom of God?

In Matthew 22:30, does Jesus suggest that there will be no women in the kingdom of God? Mat 22:30 For in the resurrection they neither marry, nor are given in marriage, but are as the angels of ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

In Genesis 2:22, what is the significance of the verb וַיִּבֶן (lemma: בָּנָה)?

The Hebrew text of Gen. 2:22 states, כב וַיִּבֶן יַהְוֶה אֱלֹהִים אֶת הַצֵּלָע אֲשֶׁר לָקַח מִן הָאָדָם לְאִשָּׁה וַיְבִאֶהָ אֶל הָאָדָם which may be translated into English as, And Yahveh ...
3
votes
4answers
13k views

In John 1:35, who were the two disciples of John the Baptist?

The Greek text of John 1:35 according to the Textus Receptus states, ΛΕʹ Τῇ ἐπαύριον πάλιν εἱστήκει ὁ Ἰωάννης καὶ ἐκ τῶν μαθητῶν αὐτοῦ δύο TR, 1550 which is translated as, 35 On the day ...
2
votes
0answers
39 views

In Hebrews 11:27, to whom does «τὸν…ἀόρατον» refer, and what is the meaning of «ἐκαρτέρησεν»?

The Greek text of Heb. 11:27 according to the Textus Receptus states, ΚΖʹ Πίστει κατέλιπεν Αἴγυπτον μὴ φοβηθεὶς τὸν θυμὸν τοῦ βασιλέως τὸν γὰρ ἀόρατον ὡς ὁρῶν ἐκαρτέρησεν TR, 1550 which the King ...
2
votes
2answers
376 views

How does one interpret the phrase “in the water under the earth” in Exodus 20:4?

In Exodus 20:4 there is a phrase בַּמַּיִם מִתַּחַת לָאָרֶץ that is often translated as "in the water under the earth". What location is this a reference to?
10
votes
6answers
4k views

What does Jesus mean in Matthew 26:64 with “You have said so”?

There was a question recently about this verse and what Jesus actually meant here. So, I thought I'd post this question to see what you guys thought. In Matthew 26, Jesus is before the Sanhedrin. ...

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