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3answers
137 views

Is Jesus the λόγος in Hebrews 4:12?

For the word of God is alive and active. Sharper than any double-edged sword, it penetrates even to dividing soul and spirit, joints and marrow; it judges the thoughts and attitudes of the heart ( ...
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1answer
197 views

*Through* the valley of the shadow of death - Psalm 23

I heard a preacher talk about Psalm 23:4: Even though I walk through the darkest valley, I will fear no evil, for you are with me; your rod and your staff, they comfort me. ...
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2answers
2k views

Why does Jehoash cry “The chariots and horsemen of Israel”?

When Elisha is about to die, Jehoash the king goes to visit Elisha and cries before him: Now Elisha was suffering from the illness from which he died. Jehoash king of Israel went down to see him ...
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2answers
141 views

Did the Jerusalem Council intend to replace the Torah?

When Paul and Barnabas when down to Jerusalem to consult with the apostles about whether Gentiles ought to be compelled to be circumcised, the final word comes from James: Therefore my judgment is ...
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4answers
141 views

Silence of the idols and silence of the people before Yahweh in Habakkuk 2:18-20

Habakkuk 2:20 has a powerful sound: But Yahweh is in his holy Temple. Let all the earth be silent before him. I feel there are depths here that I am not plumbing. What is the connection here ...
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3answers
146 views

Are the rings for carrying the incense altar pure gold?

In Exodus we read about the structure of the altar for burning incense: You shall make an altar for burning incense; make it of acacia wood. It shall be a cubit long and a cubit wide—it ...
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2answers
2k views

Comma? “Verily I say unto thee today, …” or “Verily I say unto thee, today…”

The reading of Luke 23:43 differs depending on how we punctuate it: And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, Today shalt thou be with me in paradise. Or And Jesus said unto him, ...
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3answers
765 views

How did Biblical translators decide on cypress for the type of wood in Noah's ark?

Reading from Genesis 6:14 (NRSV): Make yourself an ark of cypress wood; make rooms in the ark, and cover it inside and out with pitch. There is a note at "cypress" which says: Meaning of ...
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2answers
2k views

English Bible translations based on the Vulgate

Which well-known English Bible translations are based on the Vulgate? Which are not? Knowledge about other languages (e.g. French) is welcome too.
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3answers
4k views

What is the meaning of “water and blood” in 1 John 5:6?

In 1 John 5:6 John uses water and blood as symbolic short hand, clearly expecting his audience to know the meaning of these two liquids. 6 This is the one who came by water and blood—Jesus Christ. ...
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3answers
2k views

Is God still at war with Amalek?

After they are defeated by the Israelites at Rephidim, God promises unending judgement on Amalek in Exodus 17: 14Then the Lord said to Moses, “Write this as a memorial in a book and recite it in ...
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2answers
238 views

Is Hosea 11:1 referencing the initiation of the Exodus or the sojourn in Egypt?

The New JPS translation of Hosea 11:1 reads: I fell in love with Israel When he was still a child; And I have called [him] My son Ever since Egypt. This seems to indicate that when ...
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3answers
126 views

Does Paul intend that what follows after 1 Corinthians 7:25a have less authority?

In some of Paul's writings, he maintains that his teachings have the authority of God the Father and Jesus Christ. But in 1st Corinthians 7:25, Paul specifically states that his next advice comes not ...
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4answers
9k views

Does Jesus refer to aliens in John 10:16?

Jesus said: And I have other sheep that are not of this fold. I must bring them also, and they will listen to my voice. So there will be one flock, one shepherd.—John 10:16 (ESV) Who are ...
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3answers
4k views

What was meant by “paradise” when Jesus spoke to the thief on the cross?

As he was crucified, Jesus engaged in a conversation with one of the other thieves hung along side him. at the end is this pronouncement: Luke 23:43 (ESV) 43 And he said to him, "Truly, I say to ...
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1answer
80 views

Does Isaiah 40 indicate (along with science) that the universe is expanding?

Does this passage in Isaiah indicate that the heavens (e.g. universe) is expanding, in agreement with scientific observations? Am I interpreting this correctly? It would be pretty amazing if this is ...
5
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3answers
337 views

What is Apostle Paul's “thorn in the flesh”?

2 Corinthians 12:7-9 (AKJV) And lest I should be exalted above measure through the abundance of the revelations, there was given to me a thorn in the flesh, the messenger of Satan to buffet me, ...
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2answers
156 views

What is meant by “clean” and “unclean” animals in Genesis 7?

Genesis 7 orders Noah to take "clean" and "unclean" animals with him into the Ark, but this is way before people received kosher laws on what animals could be eaten. So what is meant here by clean and ...
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1answer
144 views

Did Paul think in Hebrew?

I recently posted a question here regarding a passage in Romans citing a verse in Habakkuk. My understanding is that in this and (all?) other references to Hebrew scripture Paul cites the LXX ...
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2answers
574 views

How many times did Peter really deny Christ?

All four gospels record Peter denying Jesus 3 times, but it seems they record different events. Either they can all be reconciled to three, or there were more than three denials. Looking at the ...
5
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1answer
268 views

Sentence structure of Romans 12:6

Background If you read Romans 12:6 (part of a very popular passage about "spiritual gifts") from the NASB or any similar translation, you may notice something odd: a good chunk of the verse is not ...
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2answers
124 views

What does the word הַסִּרְפַּד mean?

Isaiah 55:13 uses the word הַסִּרְפַּד which I have seen translated as "brier" or "nettle". What is the precise meaning of this word? Is it used elsewhere?
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1answer
759 views

Was Rahab a temple prostitute?

Joshua includes a dramatic story of spies, a prostitute, and subterfuge: Joshua son of Nun secretly sent two spies from Shittim, saying, “Go, reconnoiter the region of Jericho.” So they set out, ...
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4answers
5k views

Admah and Zeboiim in Hosea 11:8

In one of the most beautiful passages of a beautiful book, God says: How can I give you up, O Ephraim? How can I hand you over, O Israel? How can I make you like Admah? How can I treat you ...
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2answers
320 views

Was Nazareth a joke town?

Nathanael said (John 1:46a):  “Nazareth! Can anything good come from there?” Nathanael asked. What was the reputation of Nazareth at the time? Was it considered a "joke town" to be made fun of?
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2answers
141 views

Meaning of ἡ κοινωνία τῆς πίστεώς σου in Philemon 6

What is the meaning of ἡ κοινωνία τῆς πίστεώς σου in Philemon 6? I have seen it rendered fellowship, sharing, communication, et cetera, but I haven't been able to clearly ascertain Paul's ...
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1answer
135 views

The name of God in ancient manuscripts

I came across the following from an unofficial/unverified source: Yahu An alternative spelling and pronunciation of Yahweh, found (spelled YHW) on a circa 800 B.C.E. ostracon from Kuntillet ...
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2answers
138 views

What does Jesus mean by “Pray then like this:” before the “Lord's Prayer”

7“And when you pray, do not heap up empty phrases as the Gentiles do, for they think that they will be heard for their many words. 8Do not be like them, for your Father knows what you need before ...
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votes
2answers
340 views

How can John 3:13-14 be reconciled with what happened to Enoch, Elijah and Jesus?

While at least two people didn't die, Jesus spoke of only the Son of man ascending into heaven. Jesus next said the Son of man would need to be lifted up. John 3:13-14 (KJV) (Jesus said) “And ...
5
votes
1answer
105 views

In Numbers 19 - What is Third day and Seventh day referring to?

In this verse: 11“Whoever touches a human corpse will be unclean for seven days. 12They must purify themselves with the water on the third day and on the seventh day; then they will be clean. ...
5
votes
1answer
148 views

Why modern translations of Mark 7:4 omit some words at the end of the verse?

I am not a scholar - I do not know Greek or Latin and I do not know much about NT manuscripts. In modern translations of Mark 7:4 there is one thing that I would like to understand. That is, why ...
5
votes
2answers
615 views

Who were the “sons of God” (bene elohim) in Genesis 6:2?

Genesis 6:1-2 (ESV emphasis mine): When man began to multiply on the face of the land and daughters were born to them, the sons of God saw that the daughters of man were attractive. And they took ...
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2answers
141 views

Reconciling the Differences in Jesus' Citation of Deu. 6:5 according to the Synoptics

According to the Masoretic text of Deu. 6:5, it is written, וְאָהַבְתָּ אֵת יַהְוֶה אֱלֹהֶיךָ בְּכָל לְבָבְךָ וּבְכָל נַפְשְׁךָ וּבְכָל מְאֹדֶךָ which the Septuagint (according to Rahlf's ...
5
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2answers
232 views

How do you reconcile I Tim 2 saying that a woman is not to teach a man and the account of Priscilla and Aquila teaching Apollos who was a man?

How do you reconcile 1 Tim 2 which says that a woman is not to teach a man and Acts 18:24-28 which is account of Priscilla and Aquila teaching a man, Apollos?
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2answers
288 views

Why does NIV translate Revelation 22:14, Blessed are those who wash their robes?

Revelation 22:14 (New International Version) 14 “Blessed are those who wash their robes, that they may have the right to the tree of life and may go through the gates into the city. Revelation ...
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votes
3answers
768 views

Who did Jesus preach to in 1 Peter 3:19?

1 Peter 3:19 says that Jesus preached unto spirits in prison; are these spirits associated with the angels of 2 Peter 2:4 and Jude 1:6? If not who were the spirits that He preached to?
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1answer
555 views

What would be a good translation of 'poiēma'?

Two verses use the Greek ποίημα (G4161): For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly seen, being understood through what ...
5
votes
1answer
250 views

Does “Thou hast said”equate to “yes”?

I have encountered "Thou hast said" number of times in the N.T. Perhaps, it can also be found in O.T. I wonder if it is absolutely synonymous to "yes" or it is a way of implying "yes" while not ...
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3answers
498 views

Is John 21 a later addition to the Fourth Gospel?

Many readers have noted that John 20:30-31 makes for a fitting ending to the Gospel. Jesus performed many other signs in the presence of his disciples, which are not recorded in this book. But ...
5
votes
1answer
78 views

What is a “reinked” manuscript?

So, I'm checking a variant in the CNTTS critical apparatus and look up some info on a couple manuscripts that support a reading. According to CNTTS the manuscript is "a reinked manuscript of the ...
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votes
2answers
167 views

To what degree is understanding the feelings of a biblical author necessary in exegesis?

I find that miscommunication is often about feelings and not words. Ancient writings requires linguistics, history and cultural knowledge to provide accurate English versions that convey the original ...
5
votes
1answer
491 views

The Latin word lucifer in the Vulgate

The word "Lucifer" in the A.V. of Isaiah 14:12, How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! [how] art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations! is derived ...
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2answers
325 views

Exodus 21:22: is “mischief” related only to the mother or to the baby, too?

Exodus 21:22 (KJV): If men strive, and hurt a woman with child, so that her fruit depart from her, and yet no mischief follow: he shall be surely punished, according as the woman's husband ...
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6answers
1k views

What are the two bronze mountains in Zechariah 6?

I've already asked a broad question about the number two in the book of Zechariah. I've received some helpful input on that and made progress in my own thinking regarding it. However, some of the ...
5
votes
3answers
19k views

Rod and Staff (Psalm 23)

I am under the impression that the two are actually one physical item. That on one end was a kind of hook (staff) that was used to aid his duty as a Shepard and on the other end more of a club (rod) ...
5
votes
1answer
778 views

What is the difference between “righteous” and “just” in the NT?

I've basically always used these words synonymously. Can someone elaborate on whether there is a difference?
5
votes
1answer
151 views

Is there a published version of the Bible, where the text is ordered chronologically in the order it was written?

Has there been a published version of the Bible where the text was ordered in the order it is best assumed that it was written? I'm not interested in a version that is ordered in a chronological ...
5
votes
3answers
482 views

Why are fathers missing in Mark 10:30?

Mark 10:29 mentions father, but Mark 10:30 doesn't. Jesus said, “Truly, I say to you, there is no one who has left house or brothers or sisters or mother or father or children or lands, for my ...
5
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2answers
3k views

What is the Sitz im Leben approach in Form Criticism?

What is the Sitz im Leben approach to Biblical hermeneutics? How is it used in form-critical exegesis?
5
votes
2answers
85 views

Defining Idolatry according to Col 3:5

Put to death therefore what is earthly in you: sexual immorality, impurity, passion, evil desire, and covetousness, which is idolatry. (Col 3:5 ESV) According to this verse in the Greek is ...

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