5
votes
2answers
458 views

Who is the subject of the “rebellion” in 2 Thessalonians 2:3?

In 2 Thessalonians 2:3, Paul begins, "Let no one deceive you in any way. For that day will not come, unless the rebellion comes first..." (ESV empahsis mine). Is there any indication - whether in this ...
1
vote
4answers
992 views

Which beast does the number 666 represent

16 It also forced all people, great and small, rich and poor, free and slave, to receive a mark on their right hands or on their foreheads, 17 so that they could not buy or sell unless they had the ...
4
votes
2answers
895 views

Who is Iscah in Genesis?

Gen. 11:29 states, "And Abram and Nahor took themselves wives; the name of Abram's was Sarai, and the name of Nahor's wife was Milcah, the daughter of Haran, the father of Milcah and the father of ...
3
votes
3answers
560 views

What is Yahweh's gender?

Yahweh is often called "He" in english bibles. Is it so in Hebrew original? if yes, is there any other evidence of his masculitiny besides the pronoun? if no, why isn't Yahweh called "It"?
1
vote
2answers
100 views

Job 36 v 4 speech of Elihu to Job

When Elihu states "Be assured my words are not false,one perfect in knowledge is with you" Does Elihu speak of himself?
8
votes
3answers
5k views

What does it mean that Jesus was a priest like the “Order of Melchizedek” in Hebrews 7:11?

In Genesis 14 there is a man named Melchizedek. He is not mentioned very much and you might argue that he does not seem very important from this text alone. 17 After Abram returned from defeating ...
2
votes
2answers
187 views

How does one interpret the phrase “in the water under the earth” in Exodus 20:4?

In Exodus 20:4 there is a phrase בַּמַּיִם מִתַּחַת לָאָרֶץ that is often translated as "in the water under the earth". What location is this a reference to?
4
votes
1answer
101 views

In Hebrew, what is this suffix ending that is on the nouns in psalm 103:3?

What is the suffix ending on the words for iniquities and diseases? (the Kauf,chirriq,yod ending) I see it is interpreted as 'thy' but this is not the usual possessive ending for 'your'. (I am a ...
7
votes
1answer
4k views

What did Jesus mean in John 20:23 when he talked about his followers forgiving sins?

What did Jesus mean in John 20:23 when he said, “If you forgive the sins of any, their sins have been forgiven them; if you retain the sins of any, they have been retained”? According to other ...
4
votes
2answers
463 views

Did the Hebrews lift their right hand to take an oath as some translations of Psalm 144:8 imply?

Did we have any evidence that the Hebrews used to lift their right hand to take an oath as some translations of Psalm 144:8 imply ? The original verse talks of a "right hand of falsehood" (KJV NAS) : ...
4
votes
1answer
175 views

Why are the words “darkness” and “light” in their feminine form in Psalm 139:12?

In the following verse: גּם־חֹשֶׁךְ֘ לֹֽא־יַחְשִׁ֪יךְ מִ֫מֶּ֥ךָ וְ֭לַיְלָה כַּיּ֣וֹם יָאִ֑יר כַּ֜חֲשֵׁיכָ֗ה כָּאוֹרָֽה׃ Even the darkness is not dark to You, And the night is as bright as the ...
8
votes
1answer
2k views

Why is Jacob renamed Israel twice?

Why does Jacob get renamed to Israel on two separate occasions? The first time Jacob is renamed Israel is by the "angel/divine being" when they finish "fighting". This is in Genesis 32:25. The ...
7
votes
2answers
3k views

When Job curses the day he was born in Chapter 3, does he curse God?

In chapter 2 Job refuses to curse God but states: "Shall we accept good from God and not trouble" and then in chapter 3v3-4 it says that Job cursed the day he was born: 'May the day of my ...
5
votes
3answers
283 views

Different translation of “The Great Tribulation?”

I like to frequently cross reference different translations of the Bible (usually Douay-Rheims, KJV, NIV, NASB). I've noticed that the older versions (KJV, Douay Rhiems) of the Revelation 7:14 ...
-1
votes
4answers
624 views

At what time did Jesus rise from the tomb?

I basically want to know if anyone has any concrete knowledge of Jesus being in the tomb any time beyond the end of the Sabbath day. I am not looking for any assumptions. Assumptions as in the case of ...
6
votes
2answers
255 views

Why are Hebrew verbs in the “perfect” form so often translated as present tense in modern translations?

Why are Hebrew verbs in the "perfect" form so often translated as present tense in modern translations? For example in Psalm 119:47 : וְאֶשְׁתַּֽעֲשַׁ֥ע בְּמִצְוֹתֶ֗יךָ אֲשֶׁ֣ר אָהָֽבְתִּי׃ ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

English Bible translations based on the Vulgate

Which well-known English Bible translations are based on the Vulgate? Which are not? Knowledge about other languages (e.g. French) is welcome too.
2
votes
1answer
307 views

Criticism of the Vulgate: alleged errors and inaccuracies in translation

I often hear that the Latin Vulgate has many inaccuracies of translation. I often hear such criticism from Protestant circles; this (or the relative lack of such discourse among Catholics) might have ...
2
votes
4answers
293 views

Jesus and the cross [closed]

I read Dr. Samuelsson’s writings that "Jesus did not die on cross". And here is what Dr. Craig says about that: Similarly, Dr. Samuelsson’s contention is that the Greek terminology used in the ...
9
votes
1answer
337 views

Is it true that Luther intentionally mistranslated Romans 3:28?

I asked this question at C.Se, but thought it might be more appropriate here. I recently listened to Dr. Scott Hahn's conversion testimony. One thing that really jumped out at me was that Dr. Hahn ...
4
votes
2answers
133 views

Can “יָתוֹם” designate someone who has lost his father but not his mother?

The word "יָתוֹם" has been translated as "fatherless" by numerous translations (ESV KJV NASB etc, cf. Psalm 109:9), but "orphan" by others (LXX, Vulgate, TNK etc), dictionaries mentioning the two ...
3
votes
1answer
478 views

What is the role of the paragogic heh when used with the second person as in Psalm 108:5 (ר֣וּמָה)?

What is the role of the paragogic heh when used with the second person as in Psalm 108:5 (ר֣וּמָה)? When used with the first person it as a cohortative meaning, but what's the difference with the ...
2
votes
2answers
154 views

James 1:11 - “…its flower falls…”

James 1:11 contains the phrase "καὶ τὸ ἄνθος αὐτοῦ ἐξέπεσεν," which the ESV correctly literally translates as "[and] its flower falls." The NET takes more interpretive license and renders it "the ...
1
vote
3answers
2k views

Why Moses ordered to keep virgins alive but kill all non-virgins and males in Numbers 31:17-18?

Why was Moses ordered to keep the virgins alive but kill all non-virgins and males in Numbers 31:17-18. Is it equal to genocide, gendercide, and/or sexual slavery? Please explain from all aspects.
7
votes
2answers
336 views

Why does Psalm 103:8 use the dual form of אַפַּ֣יִם (anger)?

In Psalm 103:8 we read: אֶ֖רֶךְ אַפַּ֣יִם וְרַב־חָֽסֶד Why is אַפַּ֣יִם (anger) in its dual form?
4
votes
3answers
168 views

Numbers 28: Is the difference between noun-adjective and genitive cases for the burnt offering significant?

I know that in Biblical Hebrew (and presumably other varieties), we see the construct "noun adjective", with the noun unmodified, such as parah adamah (red heifer, parah = heifer). We also see the ...
8
votes
1answer
249 views

How are early Greek manuscripts that quote Jesus Christ properly understood?

When the words of Jesus Christ are evaluated from early Greek manuscripts shouldn’t translation difficulties between Hebrew and Greek be considered? For example, the word spirit in Hebrew is “ruwach” ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

In the time of Jesus, were the Jewish authorities allowed to execute?

In the gospel accounts of the trial of Jesus we learn that the Jewish authorities could not sentence anyone to death: Pilate said, “Take him yourselves and judge him by your own law.” “But we ...
3
votes
1answer
111 views

Were the men in Ezra 10:3 breaking marriage covenents by divorcing their foreign wives?

In other cases, Israel was called to keep their ill-advised covenents such as the one made with the Gibeonites. Why would it be preferred to break marriage covenents in this case? They even make a ...
3
votes
2answers
141 views

Does John 1:12 identify believers of the past only, or past and present tense believers?

Here are two versions to help aid the question: But to all who did receive him, who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God, John 1:12 ESV But to all who have received him ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

What is a “quickening spirit” (1 Cor 15:45) and how is it different from a “living soul”?

1st Corinthians makes a distinction between the first Adam and Jesus Christ and it also distinguishes between the soul and the spirit. What does the expression a "quickening spirit" mean here and how ...
8
votes
2answers
386 views

Does Hebrews 7 claim that Yeshu'a is Malki-Tzedek?

According to the Epistle of Hebrews, specifically chapter 7, is Yeshu'a the same person as Malki-Tzedek (מַלְכִּי־צֶדֶק) (cp. Gen. 14:18), or are they different people? Here is the translation ...
1
vote
1answer
221 views

Does Scripture imply that Judas knew that the high-priests and elders' goal was to have Jesus killed?

Did Judas know that high-priests and elders' goal was to have Jesus killed? Gospel of Matthew tells us that he committed suicide before Jesus was crucified: Then Judas, which had betrayed him, ...
8
votes
2answers
390 views

How long did Job's tribulation last?

Can someone tell me how long it was between when Job first started experiencing bad things until God turned things around for the better for Job?
1
vote
2answers
1k views

John 11:9 Why does Jesus remind his disciples about 12 hours in a day?

He stayed a couple of days longer when He heard Lazarus was sick. Then Jesus decided to go to Judea. His disciples quickly reminded him that the Jews were trying to stone him just a few days ago. ...
4
votes
3answers
368 views

Interpretation of Psalm 45:14

First of all, I'm a layperson. Psalm 45:14 (KJV) says "She shall be brought unto the King in raiment of needlework; the virgins, her companions that follow her, shall be brought unto Thee." Hebrew ...
1
vote
1answer
154 views

In what sense did Judas betray Jesus?

Mark 14:11: And when they heard [it], they were glad, and promised to give him money. And he sought how he might conveniently betray him and all other verses mentioning Judas betraying Jesus. ...
12
votes
4answers
1k views

Does the New Testament quote extrabiblical writers?

I am aware that the New Testament often quotes from the Hebrew Bible. However, I'm interested to learn whether or not it ever quotes - or alludes to - non-Hebrew / extrabiblical literature?
4
votes
2answers
88 views

Has the NIV incorrectly added “had” in Luke 10:40?

Luke 10:40 in NIV: But Martha was distracted by all the preparations that had to be made. She came to him and asked, “Lord, don’t you care that my sister has left me to do the work by myself? Tell ...
3
votes
3answers
654 views

Was Achan's family punished along with Achan? or was he alone when punished?

Joshua 7:25: And all Israel stoned him with stones, and burned them with fire, after they had stoned them with stones. The above verse says that Achan was stoned alone (him). But there was a ...
4
votes
2answers
512 views

Why does Moses speak in first person in Deuteronomy?

The Book of Genesis does not mention Moses but in the middle 3 books Moses as the main protagonist and prophet is referred to in third person. In Deuteronomy however Moses speaks in first person ...
4
votes
3answers
115 views

Are the Hebrew Scriptures in general to be understood as continuous discourses or fragmental remains of much larger collections? [closed]

I often encounter the idea that the Hebrew Scriptures, or at least many of them, are summaries or fragments of larger works. However, considering the value and tight control that the Jews seem to have ...
5
votes
2answers
246 views

What does sabbaton deuteroproton in Luke 6:1 refer to?

According to the KJV Luke 6:1 states: And it came to pass on the second sabbath after the first, that he went through the corn fields; and his disciples plucked the ears of corn, and did eat, ...
2
votes
3answers
214 views

Should 1 Kings 19:3 read that Elijah “saw” or “was afraid”?

While the NET's translation of 1 Kings 19:3 retains that "Elijah was afraid", it notes: The MT has “and he saw,” but some medieval Hebrew mss as well as several ancient versions support the ...
2
votes
1answer
110 views

Can Revelation 20:5 “the rest of the dead…” rightfully claim to be part of the original text?

Augustin delighted in viewing the church's bishops sitting on thrones, therefore announcing the Millennium as having begun already. After history this view seems hard to maintain. The thousand years ...
1
vote
1answer
121 views

Should the word 'satan' be left untranslated, merely be transliterated and left to the traditional connotations?

The word 'satan' is being used and heard as if it were a name. How could it be rendered in a way not distracting from its actual meaning of opposition and enmity? The texts where this is an issue are ...
7
votes
5answers
516 views

Who is the “god of this world” in 2 Corinthians 4:4?

4) In their case the god of this world has blinded the minds of the unbelievers, to keep them from seeing the light of the gospel of the glory of Christ, who is the image of God. It seems odd ...
9
votes
8answers
8k views

Could the “tree of knowledge of good and evil” mean “tree of intelligence”?

Genesis 2:16-17 And the Lord God commanded the man, “You are free to eat from any tree in the garden; but you must not eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, for when you eat from ...
4
votes
1answer
105 views

Has the referent in Isaiah 53 ever been interpreted as anything non-human?

The entire chapter of Isaiah 53 is basically an extended description of someone or something, most frequently identified in English translations as "He." What is the range of possibilities (even ...
2
votes
4answers
267 views

Did Jesus primarily use an exegetical or hermeneutical approach in explaining the meaning of the Hebrew Scriptures? [closed]

Just wondering if those who have tried to analyze the way Jesus explained the Hebrew Scriptures, do they consider Jesus’ approach primarily exegetical (what the passage said) or hermeneutical (what it ...

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