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3answers
941 views

What does “torture” mean in Matthew 18:34?

At the end of the parable of the unmerciful servant, the master has him jailed and handed over to be "tortured". And his lord, moved with anger, handed him over to the torturers until he should ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Where does the extra information about Melchizedek come from in Hebrews 7?

The Genesis account of Abraham's encounter with Melchizedek leaves us with powerful few details about his life, yet later on the author of Hebrews clearly uses his priestly work as a type of Christ, ...
7
votes
1answer
249 views

What are the arguments against the authenticity of “Peter's” sermon in Acts 2?

A quick read through the opening chapters of Acts would lead one to believe that Peter stood up during Pentecost and delivered the sermon recorded in Acts 2. Apparently "one" would be wrong, however ...
7
votes
3answers
596 views

Based on Genesis 4:26, upon whom did Adam call?

According to Genesis 4:26, 26 To Seth also a son was born, and he called his name Enosh. At that time people began to call upon the name of the Lord. The seeming sensus plenoir would thus be ...
7
votes
2answers
3k views

Why are 2 Peter and Jude usually together in commentaries?

It seems pretty standard for commentaries to be written on the combination of 2 Peter and Jude. Obviously they both share the subject matter of false teachers, but I assume there are reasons beyond ...
7
votes
1answer
987 views

What is the “Theological Interpretation of Scripture” movement?

As the title asks--what is meant by "Theological Interpretation of Scripture", a.k.a. TIS, and how does it differ from other methods?
7
votes
1answer
7k views

How many wives does Deuteronomy allow a king to have?

According to Deuteronomy 17:14-17, there are limits to a king's possessions: When you have come into the land that the Lord your God is giving you, and have taken possession of it and settled in ...
7
votes
3answers
653 views

What are the Pharisees saying to search in John 7:52?

The Pharisees say to Nicodemus in John 7:52: ἐραύνησον καὶ ἴδε ὅτι ἐκ τῆς Γαλιλαίας προφήτης οὐκ ἐγείρεται Or Search and see that a prophet has not arisen from Galilee Is there any way to ...
7
votes
1answer
848 views

Was it typical to cast lots like in Acts 1:26?

At the beginning of Acts, the eleven decide that it is appropriate to replace Judas. To do so, they narrow down the list of candidates to two men: Joseph and Matthias. Then they pray, "Show us which ...
7
votes
1answer
461 views

Does 2 Corinthians 9:6 indicate a reaping of earthly wealth?

Does 2 Corinthians 9:6 indicate a reaping of earthly wealth? The point is this: whoever sows sparingly will also reap sparingly, and whoever sows bountifully will also reap bountifully.ESV The ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

Primary components of lexical-syntactical analysis

What is lexical-syntactical analysis as it applies to Biblical hermeneutics? What are the primary steps involved in a lexical-syntactical analysis of a Biblical passage?
7
votes
1answer
79 views

Can “him” in Revelation 1:1 refer to John?

Revelation 1:1 (ESV) reads: The revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave him to show to his servants the things that must soon take place. He made it known by sending his angel to his servant ...
7
votes
3answers
186 views

What sort of phrasing is “the many” in Romans 5?

Most English translations have something in Romans that is an interesting turn of phrase—at least to my ears it instinctively makes sense but at the same time it in more at home in a carefully worded ...
7
votes
3answers
139 views

2 Sam. 2:9: אֶל and עַל

I have a question concerning the Hebrew text of 2 Sam. 2:9: וַיַּמְלִכֵהוּ אֶל הַגִּלְעָד וְאֶל הָאֲשׁוּרִי וְאֶל יִזְרְעֶאל וְעַל אֶפְרַיִם וְעַל בִּנְיָמִן וְעַל יִשְׂרָאֵל כֻּלֹּה English ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

Why was crocodile (תנין) from Exodus 7:10 translated as snake or serpent?

In Exodus, chapter 7, verse 10, Aaron throws his staff of the ground in front of Pharaoh and it becomes a תנין in the Hebrew Bible as well as the Leningrad Codex. The Septuagint translates it as ...
7
votes
2answers
139 views

How can Ruth “return” to a place she had never been?

As Naomi sets out to go back to her homeland, her daughters-in-law Ruth and Orpah set out with her. They are native Moabites, and it is unlikely that they have ever been to Israel. However, several ...
7
votes
1answer
147 views

Does the narrator share Naomi's viewpoint in Ruth 1:20-21?

When Naomi returns to her hometown at the beginning of Ruth, she addresses the women: "Don’t call me Naomi," she told them. "Call me Mara, because the Almighty has made my life very bitter. I went ...
7
votes
1answer
163 views

Forgiveness, yes or no?

I have been reading 1 John, and, just to quote two verses, he says; 1 John 3:8 Whoever makes a practice of sinning is of the devil, for the devil has been sinning from the beginning. The reason ...
7
votes
1answer
149 views

What is the historical interpretation of 'Nicolaitans' in Rev 2:15?

Simple enough. Starting with early church and patristic fathers what was the historical interpretation of Nicolaitans in Revelations 2:15? 2:15 In the same way, there are also some among you who ...
7
votes
2answers
189 views

Does Luke 24:16 use passive voice in the Greek?

In Luke 24:16, in the use of the passive voice true to the Greek? "Their eyes were kept from recognizing him." (NRSV) Only one English translation (NLV) has it that God kept them from ...
7
votes
2answers
897 views

Galatians 6:10 - true meaning of 'and especially'

This verse is oft quoted to support various ideas in relation to helping others (particularly in charitable situations). So then, as we have opportunity, let us do good to everyone, and especially to ...
7
votes
4answers
2k views

What/where is Topheth?

Isaiah 30:33 (NIV) Topheth has long been prepared; it has been made ready for the king. Its fire pit has been made deep and wide, with an abundance of fire and wood; the breath of ...
7
votes
2answers
5k views

Why does John note the name of the servant whose ear was cut off?

Unlike the synoptics, John notes the name of the man whose ear was cut off during Jesus' arrest. John 18:10 - Then Simon Peter, who had a sword, drew it and struck the high priest’s servant, ...
7
votes
1answer
229 views

Does the qal in Amos 3:6 automatically imply causation?

I am looking at Amos 3:6 and I expected a permissive rather than causative verb but I found a perfect qal. Does this qal actually mean cause here? Amo 3:6 Shall a trumpet be blown in the city, and ...
7
votes
3answers
4k views

Why does Jehoash cry “The chariots and horsemen of Israel”?

When Elisha is about to die, Jehoash the king goes to visit Elisha and cries before him: Now Elisha was suffering from the illness from which he died. Jehoash king of Israel went down to see him ...
7
votes
1answer
304 views

How ought we to take Paul's comments on getting drunk?

Paul writes near the end of Ephesians: Look carefully then how you walk, not as unwise but as wise, making the best use of the time, because the days are evil. Therefore do not be foolish, but ...
7
votes
1answer
116 views

What language was Tobit originally written in?

According to the Jewish Encyclopedia entry on Tobit: The text exists in Greek, Latin, Syriac, and Judæo-Aramaic, besides two late Hebrew translations. It concludes: The excellent Greek style ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

Did Lot or the men of Sodom recognize Lot's visitors as angels?

When the two angels arrive in Sodom in Genesis 19, Lot seems to immediately recognize them as such. He bows down to them, calls them "My lords", and invites them into "your servant's house." When the ...
7
votes
1answer
280 views

What led to the division of Ezra-Nehemiah?

Modern consensus is that the books of Ezra and Nehemiah actually comprise a single work which was subsequently divided into two. How is it that scholars realized this was the same book (Does it have ...
7
votes
1answer
408 views

Is “faith” a correct translation in Deut 32:20 and Hab 2:4?

I recently noticed that in the KJV, the word "faith" only appears twice in the OT: Deuteronomy 32:20 and Habakkuk 2:4. I thought maybe those anomalies were due translation so I looked up the same ...
7
votes
2answers
173 views

Was Luke mistaken about the year in which John the Baptist's preaching began?

Luke goes into detail concerning the beginning of Christ’s ministry. To quote: “In the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judea, and Herod being ...
7
votes
3answers
3k views

Why did Judas betray Jesus WITH A KISS?

Why did Judas betray Jesus with a kiss? The simplest explanation is of course the one we find in Matthew and Mark. This was the prearranged sign by which Judas identified Jesus to the arresting ...
7
votes
3answers
210 views

Should different but synonymous words be translated differently?

Background: On Matthew's account of the temptation of Jesus in the desert, the exchanges between the tempter and Jesus are recorded for three temptations. The last one ending with Jesus sending the ...
7
votes
4answers
2k views

What does it mean for the kingdom of heaven to suffer violence?

And from the days of John the Baptist until now the kingdom of heaven suffers violence, and the violent take it by force. (Matthew 11:12, NKJV) What does this verse mean?
7
votes
1answer
211 views

Is the source text of part of 1 Kings 19 potentially from a corrupted copy?

I noticed a similarity in two sets of passages from 1 Kings 19, and was wondering if either (1) there is any historical textual evidence that might point to dittography having occurred, and that a ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

What is meant by the term “the times of the gentiles” in Luke 21:24

To what does Luke refer, when he records Jesus’ phrase: "the times of the gentiles" (Luke 21:24)? Young's Literal Translation renders the verse in question as follows: “and they shall fall by ...
7
votes
3answers
486 views

What, exactly, counts as a “vain repetition” (Matthew 6:7)?

I answered a question on Christianity.SE which focused on Christian prayer in light of Matthew 6:7: But when ye pray, use not vain repetitions, as the heathen do: for they think that they shall be ...
7
votes
2answers
694 views

Romans 8:28 translation

Romans 8:28 (NA28) reads: Οἴδαμεν δὲ ὅτι τοῖς ἀγαπῶσιν τὸν θεὸν πάντα συνεργεῖ εἰς ἀγαθόν, τοῖς κατὰ πρόθεσιν κλητοῖς οὖσιν. There is also a textual variant that explicitly makes 'God' the ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

What is the meaning of the face-cloth rolled up in John 20:7?

There is one detail, interesting to me, in the following passage: John 20:3-8 (NASB) 3 So Peter and the other disciple went forth, and they were going to the tomb. 4 The two were running ...
7
votes
2answers
4k views

Who is the Prince of Tyre?

In Ezekiel 28:2 it says," Son of man, say unto the prince of Tyrus, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Because thine heart is lifted up, and thou hast said, I am a God, I sit in the seat of God, in the ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

Why is the dividing of clothes considered the fulfillment of scripture?

In John 19:24 it's written: “Let’s not tear it,” they said to one another. “Let’s decide by lot who will get it.” This happened that the scripture might be fulfilled that said, “They ...
7
votes
2answers
475 views

What is the significance of the author of Genesis using two different designations for God?

In Genesis 4:25; 6:3,6-8, 9-22; 7:1, 9, 16a/b; 8:1-19, 20-22, we see the author using two designations for God, “Yahweh”, and “Elohim”. What is the significance, if any, of the author bouncing back ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

What are the major variations of the “double-fulfillment” hermeneutic?

"Double-fulfillment" Some hermeneutics hold that Biblical prophecy should be understood in terms of a "double-fulfillment". For example, many understand the following prophecy in terms of a ...
7
votes
2answers
21k views

Why does God scatter the people in Genesis 11?

In Genesis 11 we read the account of the tower of Babel, where the people, attempting to build a tower that reaches to heaven, have their language confused and are scattered across the whole face of ...
7
votes
2answers
434 views

What does sabbaton deuteroproton in Luke 6:1 refer to?

According to the KJV Luke 6:1 states: And it came to pass on the second sabbath after the first, that he went through the corn fields; and his disciples plucked the ears of corn, and did eat, ...
7
votes
2answers
326 views

Does Deuteronomy 12:21 reference a missing commandment?

In Deuteronomy 12:21 G-d tells the Jewish people that when they arrive to their homeland and settle into the areas they will be assigned, "[t]hen you may slaughter of your herd and flock...as I have ...
7
votes
1answer
402 views

What were the major objections that Augustine had with Jerome's translation of the Hebrew Bible?

I was having a discussion with someone who insisted that one of the major reasons I thought that Augustine objected to Jerome's translation of the Septuagint was completely not true. He argued that ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

What is socio-rhetorical criticism?

I've heard David DeSilva and Ben Witherington III associated with the term "socio-rhetorical criticism" and Witherington even has a series of commentaries titled the "Socio-Rhetorical Commentary" ...
7
votes
1answer
4k views

“There is a son born to Naomi”? But it's a grandson — what's up with that?

In chapter 4 of Rut, after Boaz performs levirate marriage with Rut and she bears a son, it says: וַתִּקְרֶאנָה לוֹ הַשְּׁכֵנוֹת שֵׁם לֵאמֹר, יֻלַּד-בֵּן לְנָעֳמִי; וַתִּקְרֶאנָה שְׁמוֹ עוֹבֵד, ...
7
votes
2answers
2k views

Who is the prophetess in Isaiah 8:3?

The bible doesn't seem to give much information for who "the prophetess" in Isaiah 8:3 is. Who is she? Many seem to assert that she is his wife, but cite no evidence to support this. The word ...

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