5
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1answer
135 views

Why is the dividing of clothes considered the fulfillment of scripture?

In John 19:24 it's written: “Let’s not tear it,” they said to one another. “Let’s decide by lot who will get it.” This happened that the scripture might be fulfilled that said, “They ...
5
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2answers
191 views

What does sabbaton deuteroproton in Luke 6:1 refer to?

According to the KJV Luke 6:1 states: And it came to pass on the second sabbath after the first, that he went through the corn fields; and his disciples plucked the ears of corn, and did eat, ...
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2answers
1k views

Why is Daniel Chapter 2:4 - 7:28 written in Aramaic?

Question is straightforward: Why is part of Daniel written in Hebrew but a middle section written in Aramaic?
5
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2answers
136 views

When James and Jude use κύριος is their meaning limited to “master”?

In his book, The Jesus Dynasty, James Tabor asserts that James and Jude, which he takes to written by Jesus' brothers, use the term κύριος to mean something like "master". It was a sign of honor for ...
5
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1answer
152 views

How old were the youths mauled by bears?

In 2 Kings 2:23, a group of boys jeers Elisha. Various English translations render this "young boys", "young lads", "boys", "small boys". What kind of range does the Hebrew word behind this group of ...
5
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1answer
644 views

Why does John note the name of the servant whose ear was cut off?

Unlike the synoptics, John notes the name of the man whose ear was cut off during Jesus' arrest. John 18:10 - Then Simon Peter, who had a sword, drew it and struck the high priest’s servant, ...
5
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1answer
1k views

By what Name did God reveal Himself to Abraham?

God is on several accounts called the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. (Even by Jesus himself and by his apostles he is called their God. e.g. Mk 12:26 /Acts 3:3 I quote from this answer (from Why ...
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1answer
831 views

Why does Luke 11:20 read “The Finger of God” instead of “Spirit of God”?

In Matthew's account (12:27-28), we read (All quotes from NIV, all empahsis mine): And if I drive out demons by Beelzebul, by whom do your people drive them out? So then, they will be your judges. ...
5
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1answer
221 views

What were the major objections that Augustine had with Jerome's translation of the Hebrew Bible?

I was having a discussion with someone who insisted that one of the major reasons I thought that Augustine objected to Jerome's translation of the Septuagint was completely not true. He argued that ...
5
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2answers
108 views

Why did the commanders put their garments under Jehu?

In 2 Kings 9 we read (ESV): 11 When Jehu came out to the servants of his master, they said to him, “Is all well? Why did this mad fellow come to you?” And he said to them, “You know the fellow and ...
5
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1answer
179 views

Literary independence of the synoptics

Which scholars, historical figures, or churches have argued that the synoptic gospels (Matthew, Mark, and Luke) were all written independently without access to any of the other gospels? What ...
5
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1answer
1k views

Why is Jeremiah 31 addressed to Ephraim?

Jeremiah 31 is one of my favorite in Tanach. In very poetic language, the chapter describes God's love for his people and the future redemption of the Israelite nation. I wrote a bit about this ...
5
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1answer
458 views

Not singing the songs of Zion/Yahweh's song in Psalm 137

The first colophon (or first two colophons, perhaps) of Psalm 137 reads, 1 By the waters of Babylon, there we sat down and wept, when we remembered Zion. 2 On the willows there we hung up ...
5
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2answers
80 views

Do Peter and the author of Hebrews intend different meanings of ἀρχηγὸν?

When members of the early Jerusalem chuch were arrested, they defended their actions thusly: But Peter and the apostles answered, “We must obey God rather than men. The God of our fathers raised ...
5
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2answers
499 views

Pagan hairstyle forbidden in Leviticus 19, who had it?

There is a curious law in Leviticus that seems to refer to avoiding an ancient pagan rite. Do not cut the hair at the sides of your head or clip off the edges of your beard. (Leviticus 19:27) ...
5
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3answers
185 views

“The Name of Yahweh” a name for God?

I have often been told that "name" in the Old Testament has much more weight than it does to us today. Then I noticed this passage recently: See, the Name of the Yahweh comes from afar, with ...
5
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3answers
105 views

What is indicated by “δοξάζω” being in the aorist in Romans 8:30?

Every verb in Romans 8:30 is in the aorist: οὓς δὲ προώρισεν, τούτους καὶ ἐκάλεσεν· καὶ οὓς ἐκάλεσεν, τούτους καὶ ἐδικαίωσεν· οὓς δὲ ἐδικαίωσεν, τούτους καὶ ἐδόξασεν. Those whom he ...
5
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1answer
102 views

What restrictions would Paul have been preaching against in Colossians 2?

Colossians 2:20-23 (ESV) 20 If with Christ you died to the elemental spirits of the world, why, as if you were still alive in the world, do you submit to regulations— 21 "Do not handle, Do ...
5
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1answer
130 views

What is the “clear sign” in Philippians 1:28?

Philippians 1:27-28 (ESV) 27 Only let your manner of life be worthy of the gospel of Christ, so that whether I come and see you or am absent, I may hear of you that you are standing firm in ...
5
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2answers
396 views

Who wrote the hymn in Philippians 2?

Wikipedia claims, "It is possible that the kenosis passage in Philippians 2:5-11 may have been a Christian hymn that Paul quoted." If Paul is possibly not the author of this hymn, is there any ...
5
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1answer
460 views

Redaction criticism and grammatical-historical hermeneutics

It appears that redaction criticism can be viewed either positively or negatively by proponents of a grammatical-historical hermeneutic (see this article)? What are the primary arguments for and ...
5
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1answer
2k views

What is the meaning of “encircled” in Jeremiah 31:22?

Yesterday, I read Jeremiah 31:21-22 (ESV): “Set up road markers for yourself; make yourself guideposts; consider well the highway, the road by which you went. Return, O virgin Israel, ...
5
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1answer
403 views

Influence of Tubingen School of F.C. Baur

What were the main conclusions reached by the Tubingen School of Ferdinand Christian Baur? What impact did they have on the field of hermeneutics?
5
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1answer
44 views

Was Jesus alluding to Hos. 10:8 in Luke 23:30?

In Luke 23:30, it is written, Then they shall begin to say to the mountains, "Fall on us!" and to the hills, "Cover us!" τότε ἄρξονται λέγειν τοῖς ὄρεσιν Πέσετε ἐφ᾽ ἡμᾶς καὶ τοῖς βουνοῖς ...
5
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2answers
140 views

Are there two different types of “tongues” spoken about in the NT?

My question comes directly from 1 Cor 14: 2, 4: 2 For one who speaks in a tongue does not speak to men but to God; for no one understands, but in his spirit he speaks mysteries.....4 One who ...
5
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2answers
126 views

How come in John 14:22-23 it seems like Jesus doesn't answer the question but talks about something else?

John 14:22-23 (ESV) says: Judas (not Iscariot) said to him, “Lord, how is it that you will manifest yourself to us, and not to the world?” Jesus answered him, “If anyone loves me, he will keep ...
5
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2answers
209 views

“blashemy against the Spirit will not be forgiven” — Is “forgiven” the best word for what is meant?

Matthew 12:30-32: “Whoever is not with me is against me, and whoever does not gather with me scatters. And so I tell you, every kind of sin and slander can be forgiven, but blasphemy against the ...
5
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1answer
54 views

Was the books of Kings the source of the Chronicles, or vice versa?

1Ki 12:1 And Rehoboam went to Shechem, for all Israel had gone to Shechem to make him king. 2 Chr 10:1 And Rehoboam went to Shechem, for all Israel had gone to Shechem to make him king. 1Ki 12:2 So ...
5
votes
1answer
309 views

How many days elapsed between Jesus's baptism and his return to Galilee?

Matthew, Mark and Luke tell us that a period of at least forty days separated Jesus's baptism from his return to Galilee. Mark (1:9-15) writes, 9 At that time Jesus came from Nazareth in Galilee ...
5
votes
1answer
86 views

Do modern interpreters use the methods of Talmudical hermeneutics?

Do Christian or Muslim theologians use the same rules as Rabbinate teachers do, when they interpret their respective holy scriptures? I'm particularly interested in the '13-methods to infer from holy ...
5
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1answer
223 views

Did Tamar marry a third time, and if so whom?

Genesis 38:26 says: וַיַּכֵּר יְהוּדָה וַיֹּאמֶר צָדְקָה מִמֶּנִּי כִּי עַל כֵּן לֹא נְתַתִּיהָ לְשֵׁלָה בְנִי וְלֹא יָסַף עוֹד לְדַעְתָּהּ: Then Judah recognized [them], and he said, "She is ...
5
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1answer
118 views

What distinguishes an excellent concordance?

A concordance can be extremely helpful in the study of a text as well as its language. Excellent understanding of the language (aided by a concordance) will help in understanding a religious text, or ...
5
votes
1answer
222 views

Who is speaking in Song of Solomon 8:6-7?

Typical Christian allegorical interpretations of Song of Solomon identify God with the man in the story and the church or individual believer with the woman. This is understandable as other more ...
5
votes
1answer
86 views

Does Luke put the Twelve in a negative light in Acts 6?

In Acts 6:1-7, there is a dispute among the Hebraic and Hellenistic Jews in the church concerning the care of widows. The Twelve gather together and decide that seven people should be appointed for ...
5
votes
4answers
5k views

How does John use the Feast of Dedication in John 10?

In John 10:22, John mentions that it was winter and the Feast of Dedication had come. Earlier in the Festival Cycle, John transparently uses the various feasts to give a better understanding of Jesus ...
5
votes
2answers
161 views

Who is the speaker in Psalms 82:6?

I believe Asaf is speaking in Psalm 82:1 (ESV): A Psalm of Asaph. God has taken his place in the divine council; in the midst of the gods he holds judgment: Then God is speaking in Psalm ...
5
votes
1answer
187 views

To what degree does the Didache depend on Matthew or vise versa?

Reading the Didache for the first time, I was struck by many similarities between it and Matthew (particularly the Sermon on the Mount section). For instance, this is from the first chapter of the ...
5
votes
2answers
981 views

What is the meaning of Jesus' teaching about unclean spirits returning to a person after being driven out?

In responding to allegations that he drives out demons by the power of Beelzebul, Jesus says, among other things: When the unclean spirit has gone out of a person, it wanders through waterless ...
5
votes
1answer
181 views

What are the proverbs about giving collateral for someone else teaching about loans?

The book of Proverbs gives serious warning about taking on a loan: Just as the rich rule the poor, so the borrower is servant to the lender. —Proverbs 22:7 (NLT) But it seems to focus much more ...
5
votes
1answer
117 views

Does Romans 13:8 include a prohibition of taking loans?

Owe no one anything, except to love each other, for the one who loves another has fulfilled the law. —Romans 13:8 (ESV) The most immediately obvious exegesis of this verse would be to take it to ...
5
votes
1answer
255 views

Did Abner take Saul's concubine?

In 2 Samuel 3:7-11, Ish-bosheth accuses Abner of taking one of Saul's concubines: Rizpah, daughter of Aiah. It seems that were this accusation true, it would be an affront to Ish-bosheth's throne. In ...
5
votes
2answers
183 views

What does “made him to be sin” mean?

For our sake he made him to be sin who knew no sin, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God.—2nd Corinthians 5:21 (ESV) Does it mean that he was made to be sin incarnate, ...
5
votes
3answers
663 views

What is the “worship of angels”?

In Colossians 2:18, Paul warns his readers, "Do not let anyone who delights in false humility and the worship of angels disqualify you for the prize" (NIV emphasis mine). Of course, that it is in the ...
5
votes
2answers
207 views

How can we understand “another gospel” in its historical context?

I frequently hear of approaches used by "other" Christian preachers and groups referred to as competing "gospels", such as the "social gospel" or "prosperity gospel" (or sometimes "health and wealth ...
5
votes
1answer
176 views

Why did John make such a big deal about being a faster runner than Peter?

John 20:3-8: So Peter and the other disciple started for the tomb. Both were running, but the other disciple outran Peter and reached the tomb first. He bent over and looked in at the strips of ...
5
votes
1answer
263 views

David's Brinkmanship with the Philistines at Apheq

In I Sam 28 Achish enlists David in his forces for the coming battle between the Princes of Philistine and the Israelites in which Saul meets his end. David's words to Achish are ambiguous, leaving us ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

What was life like in Eden before the fall?

This question is partly in response to this question. It's clear from Genesis 2 and 3 that life in Eden was simple (2:15) and innocent (2:24). We know that Adam didn't have to work for his bread ...
5
votes
1answer
158 views

Influence of Rudolf Bultmann's work on the Synoptic Gospels

What approach did Rudolf Bultmann take when interpreting the Synoptic Gospels? What impact has his approach had on current scholarly views on the Synoptics?
5
votes
1answer
48 views

Is it likely that there is an intentional relationship between ἐγένετο in Jn 1:3 and Jn 1:6?

The Gk word ἐγένετο (from γίγνομαι) can mean many things: to come into being (to be born or to be produced), to take place, to become (one of ...), etc. In the beginning of John's Gospel, the word is ...
5
votes
2answers
98 views

What is the literary funciton of Acts 1:15-26?

The Book of Acts opens with Jesus' ascension and the promise of the Spirit. The disciples go to Jerusalem where their Lord had directed them to wait, and then on the day of Pentecost, the Spirit comes ...

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