5
votes
3answers
387 views

Is John 21 a later addition to the Fourth Gospel?

Many readers have noted that John 20:30-31 makes for a fitting ending to the Gospel. Jesus performed many other signs in the presence of his disciples, which are not recorded in this book. But ...
4
votes
2answers
130 views

Details on “Western Unical D”?

The story of the woman caught in adultery in John 7:53-8:11 is generally regarded as inauthentic and uninspired. D. A. Carson says the following in his commentary on this passage (p.333): These ...
3
votes
3answers
246 views

In 2 Peter 1:20-21, is Peter referring to all Scripture, or is he referring more specifically to the prophecies that are recorded in Scripture?

2 Peter 1:20-21 says the following (in the NASB): But know this first of all, that no prophecy of Scripture is a matter of one’s own interpretation, for no prophecy was ever made by an act of ...
4
votes
1answer
773 views

For Whom has the Right and Left hand of Jesus been prepared?

Mark records the following, 10:35 Then James and John, the sons of Zebedee, came to him. “Teacher,” they said, “we want you to do for us whatever we ask.” 36 “What do you want me to do for ...
3
votes
2answers
217 views

Does John 21:20-24 indicate that the original author of the Fourth Gospel was dead?

Early tradition says that the author lived on for some time after the composition, while many post-eighteenth century critical scholars seem to take for granted that the author (if it even is the ...
5
votes
1answer
409 views

How many days elapsed between Jesus's baptism and his return to Galilee?

Matthew, Mark and Luke tell us that a period of at least forty days separated Jesus's baptism from his return to Galilee. Mark (1:9-15) writes, 9 At that time Jesus came from Nazareth in Galilee ...
2
votes
1answer
92 views

Did Pilate know three languages?

John 19:20-22: This title then read many of the Jews: for the place where Jesus was crucified was nigh to the city: and it was written in Hebrew, [and] Greek, [and] Latin. Then said the chief ...
4
votes
3answers
138 views

Why does Numbers 29:39 (LXX) refer to “your salvation” instead of “peace offerings”?

LXX reads: 39 ταῦτα ποιήσετε κυρίῳ ἐν ταῖς ἑορταῖς ὑμῶν πλὴν τῶν εὐχῶν ὑμῶν καὶ τὰ ἑκούσια ὑμῶν καὶ τὰ ὁλοκαυτώματα ὑμῶν καὶ τὰς θυσίας ὑμῶν καὶ τὰς σπονδὰς ὑμῶν καὶ τὰ σωτήρια ὑμῶν ESV says: 39 ...
4
votes
3answers
131 views

Is Paul speaking with sarcasm in Acts 24:21?

Acts 24:21: Except it be for this one voice, that I cried standing among them, Touching the resurrection of the dead I am called in question by you this day Is Paul speaking with sarcasm ...
7
votes
1answer
144 views

Was 1 John an unfinished letter?

When I read 1 John, it seems to me that it was written in a hurry, with parenthetical thoughts not fully fleshed. (Specifically, the "sin that leads to death" reference, that I ask about in a ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

Can John's Passion chronology be reconciled with that of the Synoptics?

Background: Over the centuries, many readers of the four Gospels have seen significant discrepancies between John and the Synoptics, particularly with regards to chronology. This has led many to ...
5
votes
1answer
93 views

Do modern interpreters use the methods of Talmudical hermeneutics?

Do Christian or Muslim theologians use the same rules as Rabbinate teachers do, when they interpret their respective holy scriptures? I'm particularly interested in the '13-methods to infer from holy ...
8
votes
2answers
4k views

What does Azazel mean in Leviticus 16:8?

In Leviticus 16:8 And Aaron shall cast lots over two goats, one lot for the LORD and the other lot for Azazel. It appears that Azazel is translated as scapegoat. Strong’s Hebrew 5799 ...
5
votes
2answers
6k views

Why does Matthew include these women in Jesus' genealogy?

One of the unique features of Jesus genealogy in the book of Matthew is the inclusion of four women, not counting Mary. Matthew 1:3 Judah the father of Perez and Zerah, whose mother was Tamar ...
7
votes
3answers
8k views

Why does Jesus heal the blind man twice?

The Jesus of the Gospels has the power to heal. So why does Mark record the partial healing of the blind man in Mark 8? 22 They came to Bethsaida, and some people brought a blind man and begged ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

What is the meaning of “water and blood” in 1 John 5:6?

In 1 John 5:6 John uses water and blood as symbolic short hand, clearly expecting his audience to know the meaning of these two liquids. 6 This is the one who came by water and blood—Jesus Christ. ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Who are the Sheep and the Goats in Matthew 25?

Soldarnal has already asked who are "the least of these my brothers" in Matthew 25. But I think we also need to ask who are the sheep and the goats? Matthew 25:31-46 we read When the Son of ...
5
votes
0answers
852 views

Accuracy of Alfred Edersheim's “Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah” [closed]

Edersheim's book The Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah has been called "one of the best known and most important references on the life of Christ ever written." However, a lot has changed in the ...
3
votes
1answer
249 views

Who is the “elect lady” of Second John?

The Second Epistle of John begins (NIV empahsis mine): To the lady chosen by God and to her children, whom I love in the truth—and not I only, but also all who know the truth—because of the truth, ...
6
votes
2answers
180 views

Who is is “we” of 1 John 1:1?

The letter of 1 John begins in verse 1: That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we have looked at and our hands have touched—this we ...
4
votes
2answers
146 views

Does 1 Thessalonians 4:17 borrow from Daniel 7?

Paul writes to the Thessalonians: After that, we who are still alive and are left will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air. And so we will be with the Lord ...
4
votes
1answer
172 views

Were all the cananites slaughtered or not?

It seems pretty clear in some of the texts that when Land of Canaan was conquered, there were no one left alive, all were killed: Joshua defeated the whole land, including the hill country, the ...
6
votes
1answer
304 views

To whom should we attribute John 3:16?

Who is speaking in John 3:16? Jesus or John? John 3 begins with Jesus speaking in the first person but in v. 13 there's a shift to the third person which continues until a change of scene at 3:22. ...
5
votes
1answer
168 views

What do the jeers towards Elisha of “Go on up” mean?

When Elisha is jeered by youths in 2 Kings 2:23-25 he is told (as many translations have it) to "Go up" or "Go on up". The new NIV (2011) renders this as "Get out of here." Is this a fair translation ...
5
votes
1answer
265 views

Why was Elisha bald?

When Elisha is jeered by youths, he is at the beginning of his ministry which lasted approximately 50 years and so seemingly fairly young still. He is jeered, however, for being being bald. Did he ...
5
votes
1answer
161 views

How old were the youths mauled by bears?

In 2 Kings 2:23, a group of boys jeers Elisha. Various English translations render this "young boys", "young lads", "boys", "small boys". What kind of range does the Hebrew word behind this group of ...
4
votes
2answers
211 views

Did Job repent?

Many translations of Job 42:6 have something like the NIV: Therefore I despise myself and repent in dust and ashes. However, in the article on Job from The Dictionary for Theological ...
2
votes
1answer
102 views

Was the LXX ending to Job written in Greek?

The Septuagint's ending to Job begins: And it is written that he shall rise again with the ones whom the Lord shall raise up. This man is described by the Syriac book as dwelling in the land of Uz ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Explanation of Chronological Disparities between St. John and the Synoptic Gospels Concerning Jesus' Passion

Significant chronological disparities exist between St. John's telling of the life and death of Jesus and those of the synoptic gospels. For instance, St. John discusses a lot of Jesus' ministry, ...
7
votes
3answers
440 views

What is the meaning of “day and hour unknown”?

Matthew 25:13 (NKJV) “Watch therefore, for you know neither the day nor the hour in which the Son of Man is coming. This verse mentions only the day and the hour as unknown. Does this mean ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

Is the Gospel of John arranged as a chiasm?

In his book the Literary Structure of the Old Testament, David Dorsey compiles a list of fifteen ways the writers of the Hebrew bible linked narrative units into narrative patterns. One of these ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Why does John note the name of the servant whose ear was cut off?

Unlike the synoptics, John notes the name of the man whose ear was cut off during Jesus' arrest. John 18:10 - Then Simon Peter, who had a sword, drew it and struck the high priest’s servant, ...
2
votes
2answers
235 views

Genesis 3:13 Does the Hebrew actually say הִשִּׁיאַ֖נִי deceived ME?

In Genesis 3:13 Then the Lord God said to the woman, “What is this you have done?” The woman said, “The serpent deceived me, and I ate.” Does the Hebrew word actually say "deceived me"? ...
6
votes
3answers
209 views

What analogy is Joel using to compare God's spirit to?

Joel uses the act of pouring to describe God providing His spirit to all the people of Israel: After that, I will pour out My spirit on all flesh; Your sons and daughters shall prophesy; ...
10
votes
2answers
268 views

“which translated means…”

I am told that many scholars believe that the words of Jesus which we have presented to us in Greek were originally spoken in Aramaic. What confuses me then is why there are instances in the Greek ...
9
votes
2answers
623 views

Why is Jer 10:11 written in Aramaic?

There is one verse in the Book of Jeremiah written in Aramaic; in fact, this verse stands alone as a "one-verse paragraph" in the Masoretic text. :יא. כִּדְנָה תֵּאמְרוּן לְהוֹם אֱלָהַיָּא דִּי ...
2
votes
1answer
115 views

Who or what are the “no gods” in Galatians 4:8?

The Apostle Paul wrote to the Galatians concerning their former lifestyle. In this regard, he mentions the following. Galatians 4:8-9 (NASB) 8 However at that time, when you did not know God, ...
5
votes
2answers
259 views

“Believing wife” or “sister” in 1 Corinthians 9:5?

In 1 Corinthians 9:5, there is a referrence of women serving the apostles. In most translations, they are called wives: Don’t we have the right to take a believing wife along with us, as do the ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Meaning of (et)“את” and (v'et)“וְאֵ֥ת” in Genesis 1:1

Genesis 1:1 In the beginning בְּרֵאשִׁ֖ית created בָּרָ֣א God אֱלֹהִ֑ים (unknown word) אֵ֥ת the heavens הַשָּׁמַ֖יִם (unknown word) וְאֵ֥ת the earth הָאָֽרֶץ׃ I ...
2
votes
2answers
436 views

Which is the day described in verse Amos 8:9?

"In that day," declares the Sovereign Lord, I will make the sun go down at noon and darken the earth in broad daylight. Amos 8:9 What 'day' is Amos referring to?
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Why does the Hebrew word “chesed” in Psalm 136 have two meanings?

Psalm 136:23 & 24 use the same Hebrew word that is sometimes translated as "grace". The ESV uses "steadfast love" in those verses: It is he who remembered us in our low estate, for his ...
2
votes
2answers
514 views

Is the water jar in John 4:28 a symbol?

At the end of Jesus' conversation with the woman by the well, John records 28 So the woman left her water jar and went away into town and said to the people, 29 “Come, see a man who told me all ...
3
votes
3answers
334 views

How does Peter fit the events of Acts 2 into the apocalyptic imagery of Joel?

In Act 2, the disciples of Jesus were gathered in the upper room when something extraordinary occurred which caused a stir in Jerusalem. Luke gives Peter a chance to explain in the first extended ...
8
votes
5answers
2k views

What did Jesus mean by “be perfect” in the Sermon on the Mount?

I asked this on the Christianity Stack Exchange site, and they told me it would be better here. So I here I am asking it... Therefore you shall be perfect, just as your Father in heaven is ...
7
votes
4answers
397 views

How can we determine when an image is a symbol?

Put simply, a symbol is a tangible representation of an intangible idea. Authors, both ancient and modern, use symbolic images to convey abstract concepts. The problem with symbols, however, is that ...
0
votes
2answers
371 views

In what way Jesus is God's Wisdom in 1 Corinthians 1:24

The verse is saying that to those who are called,both Jews or Greeks, the Messiah for them is God's power and wisdom. 1 Corinthians 1:24 So in what way Jesus is God's Wisdom here? As divine? Or as ...
1
vote
2answers
791 views

What is the “weakness of God” in 1 Corinthians 1:25?

1 Corinthians 1:25 says: Because the foolishness of God is wiser than men, and the weakness of God is stronger than men. Has God ever been weak? What does it mean to say that God has weakness? ...
2
votes
1answer
203 views

Are men (brethren) really men or are they human?

Psalm 133:1 KJV Behold, how good and how pleasant it is for brethren to dwell together in unity! VS Psalm 133:1 GW See how good and pleasant it is when brothers and sisters live ...
1
vote
2answers
4k views

Does Mark 11:26 mean that those who do not forgive others are not forgiven by God?

Mark 11:26 has always bothered me: But if you do not forgive, neither will your Father who is in heaven forgive your transgressions NASB As far as I can tell, the overall locus of the ...
5
votes
3answers
269 views

The time span of growing into Christ the Head in Ephesians 4:13-15

Ephesians 4:13: Till we all come in the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, unto a perfect man, unto the measure of the stature of the fulness of Christ Does this ...

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