6
votes
2answers
216 views

Who is is “we” of 1 John 1:1?

The letter of 1 John begins in verse 1: That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we have looked at and our hands have touched—this we ...
3
votes
1answer
423 views

Who is the “elect lady” of Second John?

The Second Epistle of John begins (NIV empahsis mine): To the lady chosen by God and to her children, whom I love in the truth—and not I only, but also all who know the truth—because of the truth, ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

By what Name did God reveal Himself to Abraham?

God is on several accounts called the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. (Even by Jesus himself and by his apostles he is called their God. e.g. Mk 12:26 /Acts 3:3 I quote from this answer (from ...
4
votes
1answer
220 views

Is the faith of the Torah monotheistic or henotheistic?

I thought the Jewish God wasn't originally monotheistic. YHWH demands that Israelites worship him because he's jealous, not because the other gods do not exist. Yet I saw Deuteronomy 4:35 and 39: ...
5
votes
1answer
563 views

What would be a good translation of 'poiēma'?

Two verses use the Greek ποίημα (G4161): For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly seen, being understood through what ...
4
votes
2answers
179 views

What is the precedent for using water as a symbol for God's Spirit in John 3:5?

When considering John 3:5, many interpret the passage as involving a hendiadys where "born of water and the Spirit" does not refer to two births, but instead sees water as a symbol for God's Spirit. ...
2
votes
1answer
187 views

How can we understand differences between the NWT and Latin/Hebrew/Greek on Zechariah 12:10?

Is there any early manuscript that shows a word translatable as "the one" (3rd person) in Zechariah 12:10? When looking at Zechariah 12:10, this is how it reads in: New World Translation (NWT) ...
5
votes
2answers
142 views

How do we know the usage of the term Adonai in Genesis 15:2?

In Genesis 15:2, Abram uses the term Adonai when addressing the Lord. It is my understanding that this word is an emphatic of Adon, which means Father. What do we know about the cultural and/or ...
1
vote
1answer
620 views

Grammar-Literal Translation of Genesis 1:3 and 12:3

In Biblical Hebrew there are two simple verb types (Qal and Niphal) which convey no causation. Are the below revisions of the King James Version more accurate to the thoughts expressed by the grammar? ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

When did separation between Israel and Judah happen?

Before the First Book of Kings there was only one nation - Israel named after Jacob (whose other name was Israel and who was called the Father of Israel). But in the Second Book of Kings it is not ...
7
votes
1answer
505 views

What about the noncanonical books quoted in Jude?

The book of Jude contains many quotes and references to the Old Testament. However, there are two quotes which seem to be from elsewhere. The first is attributed to The Assumption of Moses. Jude ...
3
votes
1answer
93 views

Texts in second temple Judaism using “one like a son of man” as in Daniel 7 to refer to angel

In Norman Russell’s The Doctrine of Deification in the Greek Patristic Tradition, he says concerning Daniel 7:13: "The 'one like a son of man' is an angel, probably Michael, entrusted with the ...
24
votes
1answer
2k views

What were the historical reasons why the Book of Enoch was excluded from most Christian canons?

According to Wikipedia: By the 4th century, the Book of Enoch was mostly excluded from Christian canons, and it is now regarded as scripture by only the Ethiopian Orthodox Church and the Eritrean ...
-7
votes
1answer
142 views

Did Jesus ever write anything?

I mean we got writing by matthew, mark, luke, etc. Where is writing by Jesus? Anything survive? Did Jesus ever write anything that survives?
20
votes
2answers
3k views

What language did Jesus commonly speak?

According to Mark 15:34 (ESV): And at the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, “Eloi, Eloi, lema sabachthani?” which means, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?” Jesus spoke Aramaic ...
-6
votes
1answer
175 views

Is Jesus letter to king of Edessa authentic

http://scribalscratchings.blogspot.com/2005/05/letter-written-by-jesus-christ-himself.html It is said that king of Edessa ask to be cured by Jesus. Jesus then answer it saying he'll send his ...
2
votes
1answer
78 views

Numbers 12:2 Translation issue

One translation of Numbers 12:2 says: And they said, “Has the Lord indeed spoken only through Moses? Has he not spoken through us also?” And the Lord heard it. In the interlinear Bible I see the ...
4
votes
1answer
173 views

Could the prophet Haggai be a prophetess?

Ezra 5:1 says: Now the prophets, Haggai and Zechariah the son of Iddo, prophesied to the Jews who were in Judah and Jerusalem, in the name of the God of Israel who was over them. Upon further ...
1
vote
1answer
91 views

Judges 4:4- Woman, wife or burnt offering by fire?

Judges 4:4 says: Now Deborah, a prophetess, the wife of Lappidoth, was judging Israel at that time. The Hebrew word אִשָּׁ֣ה (Strong's number 802 and 801) can be translated either "woman" - "wife" ...
3
votes
1answer
91 views

Hosanna — when?

From Wikipedia: Triumphal entry into Jerusalem: In the accounts of the four canonical Gospels, Jesus’ triumphal entry into Jerusalem takes place in the days before the Last Supper, marking the ...
3
votes
1answer
136 views

Judges 5:30 - The Hebrew word for womb or damsel translated as “two”. Why?

Judges 5:30 One interpretation says: http://biblehub.com/esv/judges/5.htm ‘Have they not found and divided the spoil?— A womb or two for every man; The word Strong's #7361 ra·ḥă·mā·ṯa·yim means ...
7
votes
3answers
181 views

Why are “Judah” and “Israel” distinguished in many verses?

Even though Judah is one of the tribes of Israel (Exo. 31:2), why, then, are Judah and Israel often distinguished when they occur in the same verse? For example, in Jer. 30:4 (KJV), it is written, ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

Difference among “Word”, “word” and “Doctrine”

I heard that there are difference among "Word", "word" and "Doctrine". Please notice "Word" has a capital letter "W". I feel that sometimes "word" and "Word" are used mixedly in the Bible. For ...
10
votes
1answer
233 views

How did Joanna “get away with” sponsoring Jesus' ministry?

Luke 8:1-3 Καὶ ἐγένετο ἐν τῷ καθεξῆς καὶ αὐτὸς διώδευεν κατὰ πόλιν καὶ κώμην κηρύσσων καὶ εὐαγγελιζόμενος τὴν βασιλείαν τοῦ θεοῦ, καὶ οἱ δώδεκα σὺν αὐτῷ, 2 καὶ γυναῖκές τινες αἳ ἦσαν ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

Does the use of “when” rather than “if” in Matthew 6 imply a necessity?

When in Matthew chapter 6 Jesus is talking about giving (vv.2-4), prayer (vv.5-15), and fasting (vv.16-18), the phrasing "So when you give", "When you fast", etc. is used, not "If you give", "If you ...
1
vote
1answer
101 views

What words existed in Greek to express the concept “eternal”?

I have heard that the Greek word aiōnios is more literally translated "age-long", the adjective form of aiōn meaning "age". Aiōnios is translated as "eternal" in most bibles. I'm thinking ...
9
votes
0answers
207 views

What evidence is there to show that Granville Sharp's Rule is authentic?

Granville Sharp's rule states that when a clause has two nouns (or other substantive) in the same case, connected by a copulative kai ("and"), that are not proper nouns (i.e. not someone's name), ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

What list is the Bible talking about for widows over 60?

Is is a pension or retirement list? money? security? 1 Timothy 5:8-10 NET No widow should be put on the list unless she is at least sixty years old, was the wife of one husband
2
votes
1answer
122 views

Who was Neri, father of Shealtiel?

This one has been dogging me for a while. I know there is no (direct) Biblical source to answer this question, but perhaps the scholars here might be better informed as to the existence of some ...
6
votes
1answer
192 views

Translation of the word Giant

Are there other translations of the word "Giant"? Please note that this question is related to this question. Genesis 6:4 KJV There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, ...
3
votes
1answer
75 views

At the last day

When Jesus spoke of the resurrection in John 6:39,40,44,54 he said the resurrection would occur "at" the last day. Is there any significance to the use of the word at rather than the word on.
-6
votes
1answer
217 views

Is the “White Stone” of Revelation the “Urantia Book”?

Is the Urantia Book the "White Stone" foretold in The Book of Revelation 2:17? KJV Rev 2:17 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; To him that overcometh ...
3
votes
2answers
158 views

How to interpret John 2:10

King James Bible: And saith unto him, Every man at the beginning doth set forth good wine; and when men have well drunk, then that which is worse: but thou hast kept the good wine until now. ...
-1
votes
1answer
48 views

Why English translators would translate rhea into neighbor?

The word rhea is normally translated as neighbor. Some jews told me it means buddy/comrades instead. The LORD has done exactly as I prophesied! The LORD has torn the kingdom from your hand and has ...
5
votes
2answers
106 views

Did Jehoahaz and Jehoash's reign overlap?

2 Kings 13:1 says that Jehoahaz began to reign in the 23rd year of Joash king of Judah and that he (Jehoahaz) reigned for 17 years. This means that Jehoahaz's reign ended in the 40th year of Joash's ...
8
votes
3answers
297 views

Why it is translated “Be filled by the Spirit” (Eph 5:18-20)

"And do not get drunk with wine, which is debauchery, but be filled by the Spirit, speaking to one another in psalms, hymns, and spiritual songs, singing and making music in your hearts to ...
1
vote
1answer
117 views

A doubt related to 1 Peter 3:20

I think that 1 Peter 3:20 is usually rendered into English like this: ... Which sometime were disobedient, when once the longsuffering of God waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was a ...
5
votes
3answers
138 views

Is Jesus the λόγος in Hebrews 4:12?

For the word of God is alive and active. Sharper than any double-edged sword, it penetrates even to dividing soul and spirit, joints and marrow; it judges the thoughts and attitudes of the heart ( ...
1
vote
1answer
148 views

What does μονογενὴς Θεὸς means in John 1:18?

I know that μονογενὴς Θεὸς is the correct text in John 1:18b but my question is that what does it mean in Christian Theology? How do we suppose to understand such divine title of God's Son? The NASB ...
3
votes
1answer
326 views

What happened with the translation of 1 Samuel 1:24?

In NIV is written: After he was weaned, she took the boy with her, young as he was, along with a three-year-old bull, an ephah of flour and a skin of wine, and brought him to the house of the Lord ...
6
votes
3answers
198 views

What is meant by “rightly dividing the word of truth”?

In 2 Tim 2:15 we read: KJV Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth. SBLGNT σπούδασον σεαυτὸν δόκιμον ...
6
votes
4answers
13k views

What does a mustard seed grow into?

Jesus said, “How shall we picture the kingdom of God, or by what parable shall we present it? It is like a mustard seed, which, when sown upon the soil, though it is smaller than all the seeds that ...
3
votes
1answer
223 views

Why is Pharaoh called, “ The Great Dragon” in the book of Ezekiel

In Ezekiel 29-3, God summons Ezekiel to speak these words (KJV), Speak, and say,Thus saith the Lord God; I am against thee, Pharaoh king of Egypt, The great dragon that lieth in the ...
19
votes
2answers
830 views

Bart D. Ehrman - respected critic?

I found Misquoting Jesus: The Story Behind Who Changed the Bible and Why troublesome to my understanding of the translation process of the bible. It has made me review my understanding of the bible. ...
0
votes
1answer
69 views

Does the Greek verb ὑπακούω generally imply faith?

I noticed the Greek verb ὑπακοῦσαι (hypakousai), a conjugation of the root verb ὑπακούω (hypakouō), is translated as "[to] answer" in Acts 12:13: Peter knocked at the outer entrance, and a servant ...
6
votes
2answers
156 views

What does “Scripture” in the NT refer to?

This is in follow-up to this Q & A Paul wrote the following passage in II Timothy 3: 14 But you must continue in the things which you have learned and been assured of, knowing from whom ...
6
votes
2answers
261 views

In the Peshitta, what is the difference between the original word translated “Sabbath” and that translated “week?”

In Matthew 28:1 of the Aramaic Peshitta text, the word translated "Sabbath" and the word translated "week" appear similar but with slight variation. Does anyone know what the significance is of the ...
4
votes
1answer
329 views

What is the name of Jesus in the Peshitta text?

In Matthew 1:21 what is the name of Jesus in the Peshitta text? Is it the same as the name given in Luke 3:29, Acts 7:45 and Hebrews 4:8 which is rendered as Joshua in English?
10
votes
3answers
10k views

If Joshua can be translated why Is the name of Jesus translated “Jesus” but his name in hebrew was Joshua?

This question is in regard to Matthew 1:21, "His name shall be called Jesus for he will save his people from their sins." The question has two parts. 1) Strongs equates the name "Jesus" with the ...
5
votes
1answer
268 views

Literary independence of the synoptics

Which scholars, historical figures, or churches have argued that the synoptic gospels (Matthew, Mark, and Luke) were all written independently without access to any of the other gospels? What ...

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