0
votes
2answers
160 views

Why would Saul ask Jesus “who art thou, Lord?” Act 9:4, 5

Why would Saul ask Jesus "Who art thou, Lord?" Did he not know Him as the Lord before his conversion? Also, why did he persecute the church before he was converted?
4
votes
1answer
153 views

What does Jesus mean by “father” In Matthew 23:9?

Matthew 23:9 (ESV) But you are not to be called rabbi, for you have one teacher, and you are all brothers. And call no man your father on earth, for you have one Father, who is in heaven. ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

What portions of the New Testament are purported to have originally been written in Aramaic?

I am wondering what portions of the New Testament are purported to have originally been written in Aramaic, and by whom. I am aware that Seventh Day Adventist and Nestorian scholars often assert ...
7
votes
3answers
307 views

How to save Paul from the Galatians 3 “seed” vs “seeds” argument blunder?

Galatians 3:16 Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He saith not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to thy seed, which is Christ. How does one rescue Paul from the ...
4
votes
0answers
78 views

Jewish Captivity [duplicate]

Is John forgetting the Jewish captivity in Babylon? John 8:33 KJV They answered him, We be Abraham's seed, and were never in bondage to any man: how sayest thou, Ye shall be made free?
4
votes
1answer
87 views

How should 'evil' be understood in Ecclesiastes 2:18-26?

In Ecclesiastes 2:18-26 the author talks about how toil and possessions in and of themselves is 'habel', a vapour/vanity. (18-19). He says this because death will take him and all that he has could be ...
2
votes
1answer
301 views

In Zec. 3:2, what is the meaning of “a brand plucked from the fire”?

In Zec. 3:2, what is the meaning of "a brand plucked from the fire" (אוּד מֻצָּל מֵאֵשׁ)? Hebrew text: וַיֹּאמֶר יהוה אֶל הַשָּׂטָן יִגְעַר יהוה בְּךָ הַשָּׂטָן וְיִגְעַר יהוה בְּךָ הַבֹּחֵר ...
5
votes
2answers
282 views

How can we understand “another gospel” in its historical context?

I frequently hear of approaches used by "other" Christian preachers and groups referred to as competing "gospels", such as the "social gospel" or "prosperity gospel" (or sometimes "health and wealth ...
9
votes
3answers
386 views

What does the saying mean, “Do not go beyond what is written.”?

In 1 Corinthians 4:6, Paul seems to sum up what he has been writing, saying: Now, brothers and sisters, I have applied these things to myself and Apollos for your benefit, so that you may learn ...
6
votes
1answer
860 views

When did Joseph, Jesus's father, die?

I heard someone claim that Joseph, Jesus's father, died a very short time after Jesus was born. But we know from Luke 2:41-52, that when Jesus was twelve years old he went with his parents (οἱ γονεῖς ...
6
votes
1answer
183 views

What is the meaning of the bread of the presence being changed out on a Sabbath?

I was looking at the following passage and have a question about a reference in the text: (emphasis mine) Leviticus 24:5-8 (HCSB) 5  “Take fine flour and bake it into 12 loaves; each loaf ...
15
votes
2answers
180 views

How does a Bible translator know if it is a poem?

Let's take 1 Tim 3:16 as an example among many others, where Paul wrote or quoted (ESV): Great indeed, we confess, is the mystery of godliness: He was manifested in the flesh, vindicated by the ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

How were books/letters included into the canon when the author is not known? [duplicate]

When so many of the books of the NT have anonymous authors, how exactly did they get into the NT? Was it based on the content solely, or did the "Holy Ghost" lead men into including certain books ...
13
votes
1answer
667 views

Is Keller's view of the father in the Prodigal Son parable a reasonable interpretation?

In Tim Keller's book "The Prodigal God", Keller points out a fairly incredible dichotomy between older and younger brothers - and the parallels between these categories and our society. In the final ...
1
vote
1answer
88 views

What is the significance of ἴσα in Phil. 2:6?

In Phil. 2:6, it is written, ὃς ἐν μορφῇ θεοῦ ὑπάρχων οὐχ ἁρπαγμὸν ἡγήσατο τὸ εἶναι ἴσα θεῷ Wiktionary lists the various declensions of the Greek adjective ἴσος. My question is, how is the word ...
0
votes
2answers
2k views

What is on the sealed scroll in Revelation 5-8?

Revelation chapter 5: 1 Then I saw in the right hand of him who was seated on the throne a scroll written within and on the back, sealed with seven seals. 2 And I saw a mighty angel proclaiming ...
4
votes
2answers
443 views

What is the significance of the verb בנה in Genesis 2:22?

And Yahveh God built a woman with the rib that he took from the man, and He brought her to the man. וַיִּבֶן יַהְוֶה אֱלֹהִים אֶֽת־הַצֵּלָע אֲשֶׁר־לָקַח מִן־הָאָדָם לְאִשָּׁה וַיְבִאֶהָ ...
3
votes
1answer
92 views

What is the Greek word for gods?

In 1 Corinthians 8:5, Paul says or though there be that are called gods, whether in heaven or in earth, (as there be gods many, and lords many,) What is the difference in Greek between God and ...
1
vote
5answers
258 views

How should we contextualize Paul's “Jesus is accursed” in I Co 12:3?

In Paul's chapter concerning spiritual gifts (1 Co 12), with the "bookends" being the subject of the Corinthians' appalling behavior at their love feasts (chapter 11) and the nature and importance of ...
9
votes
4answers
937 views

Did Jesus have the legal authority to cleanse the temple?

The narrative of Jesus' cleansing of the temple is present in all four gospels: Mark 11:15-17, Matthew 21:12-13, Luke 19:45-46, John 2:13-17. When He cleanses the temple, there does not seem to be any ...
3
votes
2answers
162 views

In Dispensationalism what rule determines applicability of a scriptural demand?

This is an attempt at re-scoping this. Dispensationalism as an interpretive framework closely related to a doctrinal predisposition and a literal hermeneutic. Given that an interpretive framework, ...
4
votes
3answers
762 views

Who is the little horn that 'has eyes' and is 'speaking' blasphemous things in Daniel 7?

I will keep the question simple. Who is the little horn that 'has eyes' and is 'speaking' blasphemous things in Daniel 7?
7
votes
1answer
95 views

What does the phrase “without finding fault” refer to in James 1:5?

In the NIV (1984), James 1:5 says, "If any of you lacks wisdom, he should ask God, who gives generously to all without finding fault, and it will be given to him." What does the phrase "without ...
3
votes
1answer
3k views

Which four kingdoms are represented in the statue of Nebuchadnezzar's dream in Daniel Chapter 2?

Question is straightforward: Which four kingdoms are represented in the statue of Nebuchadnezzar's dream in Daniel Chapter 2?
8
votes
5answers
4k views

Why does Jesus tell the disciples to buy swords?

Luke 9:3 and Luke 22:36 seem to form an inclusio. In chapter nine, Jesus instructs the Twelve, "Take nothing for the journey—no staff, no bag, no bread, no money, no extra tunic." But in chapter 22, ...
15
votes
4answers
2k views

What was Eve's role in relation to Adam?

The role of Eve in relation to Adam is dramatically changed by the interpretation of the sections I have bolded below, from Genesis 2:18: The verse as most people learned it: And the Lord God ...
4
votes
5answers
391 views

How can Jesus say “My Father is working until now” in John 5:16,17 if God rested on the 7th day?

John 5:16,17 (ESV) And this was why the Jews were persecuting Jesus, because he was doing these things on the Sabbath. But Jesus answered them, “My Father is working until now, and I am ...
2
votes
1answer
94 views

Extents of lives only noted sometimes in Genesis

For most generations of Genesis, years of lives can be found; the exceptions are those in the middle, those of Shem through Nahor. Adam through Noah have lifetimes noted (Gen 5:3 – 31, 9:29). Next, ...
8
votes
3answers
943 views

Was there some connection between barley bread and Gideon in the mind of the Midianites?

Before attacking the Midianite camp, Gideon does a little spying: When Gideon came, behold, a man was telling a dream to his comrade. And he said, “Behold, I dreamed a dream, and behold, a cake of ...
7
votes
2answers
3k views

When Job curses the day he was born in Chapter 3, does he curse God?

In chapter 2 Job refuses to curse God but states: "Shall we accept good from God and not trouble" and then in chapter 3v3-4 it says that Job cursed the day he was born: 'May the day of my ...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

Could Gen 7:6 be the same time as Gen 8:13?

This question differs somewhat but is along the same line as Does Genesis 7:6 chronologically follow Genesis 7:11?. Gen 7:6 is often questioned chronologically (i.e. since heaven was opened to ...
8
votes
3answers
10k views

Given the differences between Hebrew and Aramaic, how are the Aramaic sections identified?

There are a handful of Aramaic passages in the Bible; notably in Daniel and Ezra. Since the writing system of these two was the same, how are the Aramaic sections identified?
5
votes
1answer
72 views

Is dead Samuel's appearance to Saul 'real'?

My question relates to 1 Samuel 28:3-20 and is also related to this question, but I hope with sufficient difference as to be justified. I've heard/read interpretations of the text that say that ...
15
votes
4answers
5k views

What translation best translates the word “vanity” (in the KJV) in Ecclesiastes?

The word "vanity" (KJV) in Ecclesiastes was translated (possibly incorrectly) in the NIV as "meaningless". Is "vanity" the best translation for the Hebrew word hebel (Strongs 1892) or does a newer ...
4
votes
1answer
150 views

Is King Solomon the bridegroom in the Song of Solomon?

A few objections against Solomon being the bridegroom are that Solomon was a king, not a shepherd (1:7), that he had hundreds of wives (versus 6:9, remembering that Solomon's first wife was an ...
5
votes
2answers
105 views

Reconciling the Differences in Jesus' Citation of Deu. 6:5 according to the Synoptics

According to the Masoretic text of Deu. 6:5, it is written, וְאָהַבְתָּ אֵת יַהְוֶה אֱלֹהֶיךָ בְּכָל לְבָבְךָ וּבְכָל נַפְשְׁךָ וּבְכָל מְאֹדֶךָ which the Septuagint (according to Rahlf's ...
5
votes
3answers
3k views

What was Malachi's meaning in “The sun of righteousness” vs the sun gods of his day?

In Malachi 4:1-3 (Tanach 3:19-21) It is interpreted as 'sun' (Shemesh) and then talks of the 'wings' (Kanaph) using the Hebrew words. When looking at the history and the pagan gods of that day, they ...
4
votes
2answers
366 views

In Heb 6:4, What does it mean to “again crucify to themselves the Son of God and put Him to open shame”

Heb 6:4-8 Whole Passage: 4 For in the case of those who have once been enlightened and have tasted of the heavenly gift and have been made partakers of the Holy Spirit, 5 and have tasted the ...
6
votes
2answers
786 views

Where can I find Targum Neofiti online?

I'm looking for Targum Neofiti online in the original Hebrew/Aramaic lettering. Does anyone know where I can find it?
4
votes
2answers
198 views

What does it mean in Genesis 2:2,3 when it says God rested?

Gen 2:2,3 (ESV) And on the seventh day God finished his work that he had done, and he rested on the seventh day from all his work that he had done. So God blessed the seventh day and made it ...
1
vote
1answer
67 views

Genesis 3:16 Does God make them suffer? [duplicate]

In Genesis 3:16 does the Hebrew actually reveal God saying 'I WILL (greatly increase your pains)? Is there any query in the Hebrew about God causing them pain as opposed to God simply foretelling the ...
13
votes
7answers
4k views

Why does the Bible say that Abraham sacrificed his “only-begotten son”?

Why does the Bible say that Abraham sacrificed his "only-begotten son" (Heb. 11:17, Gen. 22:2) despite the fact that Isaac had a step-brother Ishmael who was 14 years older than Isaac and was in fact ...
11
votes
6answers
10k views

What was Noah thinking when he sent a raven from the ark?

In tablet 11 of the epic of Gilgamesh, after Utnapishtim's ark lodges on a rock, he releases a dove, a swallow, and a raven, in that order. The first two birds return when they fail to find a resting ...
2
votes
1answer
214 views

What is the meaning of 'said' and 'whispered' from Luke 12:2,3?

Luke 12:2,3 2: There is nothing concealed that will not be disclosed, or hidden that will not be made known. 3: What you have said in the dark will be heard in the daylight, and what you ...
15
votes
2answers
4k views

Was Balaam a true follower of Yahweh?

The idea that Balaam may have been a true follower (or even prophet) of Yahweh seems troubling on a number of fronts: How could there be a pre-Mosaic Yahweh-worshipper living near the Euphrates (Num ...
5
votes
2answers
211 views

How do you reconcile I Tim 2 saying that a woman is not to teach a man and the account of Priscilla and Aquila teaching Apollos who was a man?

How do you reconcile 1 Tim 2 which says that a woman is not to teach a man and Acts 18:24-28 which is account of Priscilla and Aquila teaching a man, Apollos?
7
votes
4answers
194 views

Abraham as heir of the world?

In Romans 4:13, Paul states that Abraham "received the promise that he would be heir of the world." But I can't find a direct promise to Abraham of such a thing. He is promised a great deal of ...
18
votes
5answers
2k views

Did Jesus sweat blood?

Luke 22:44 (NIV) And being in anguish, he prayed more earnestly, and his sweat was like drops of blood falling to the ground. Was this a literal thing--did he actually sweat drops of blood. Is ...
3
votes
3answers
157 views

What does Paul mean when he says “the time is short” in 1 Corinthians 7:29?

In 1 Corinthians 7:29, Paul states, "What I mean, brothers and sisters, is that the time is short." It seems possibly to be related to the "present crisis" mentioned in verse 26, but I'm not sure. ...
5
votes
1answer
83 views

Is it likely that there is an intentional relationship between ἐγένετο in Jn 1:3 and Jn 1:6?

The Gk word ἐγένετο (from γίγνομαι) can mean many things: to come into being (to be born or to be produced), to take place, to become (one of ...), etc. In the beginning of John's Gospel, the word is ...

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