6
votes
11answers
18k views

What does it mean that the least in the kingdom of heaven is greater than John the Baptist?

Matthew 11:11 (KJV): Verily I say unto you, Among them that are born of women there hath not risen a greater than John the Baptist: notwithstanding he that is least in the kingdom of heaven is ...
6
votes
0answers
133 views

What hermeneutical principal did Matthew use in 2:15 when quoting the Tanakh? [duplicate]

When Matthew the Evangelist in 2:15 applied Hosea 11:1 to Jesus' return to Israel from Egypt after the death of wicked King Herod, he says, "This was to fulfill what had been spoken by the Lord ...
6
votes
2answers
307 views

What options did Mary have in mind with Gabriel's greeting?

When Gabriel visited Mary, she was, as is usual when meeting an angel, troubled by it: In the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God to a city of Galilee named Nazareth, to a virgin ...
6
votes
1answer
596 views

Was the ending of Matthew 28 added later?

In 1905, E.W. Bullinger said that portions of Matthew 28:19 are not found in all Greek manuscripts. Is it true that there is no surviving copy of Matthew 28 before the 3rd century? Was this ending ...
5
votes
1answer
468 views

What did 'adoption' mean to the Romans?

Romans 8 14 For all who are being led by the Spirit of God, these are sons of God. 15 For you have not received a spirit of slavery leading to fear again, but you have received a ...
5
votes
2answers
399 views

Linking NT Greek to Hebrew through the LXX

What tools are the necessary tools to determine what NT Greek words correspond to the Hebrew words that were translated into the LXX?
5
votes
1answer
362 views

Is Hosea 11:1 referencing the initiation of the Exodus or the sojourn in Egypt?

The New JPS translation of Hosea 11:1 reads: I fell in love with Israel When he was still a child; And I have called [him] My son Ever since Egypt. This seems to indicate that when ...
5
votes
2answers
302 views

Murder on the way to Shechem in Hosea 6:9

Hosea 6:9 (NLT) reads: Priests form bands of robbers, waiting in ambush for their victims. They murder travelers along the road to Shechem and practice every kind of sin. Hosea seems intent on ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

Who are the prostitutes in Deuteronomy 23:18?

http://biblehub.com/deuteronomy/23-18.htm You must not bring the earnings of a female prostitute or of a male prostitute into the house of the LORD your God to pay any vow, because the LORD ...
5
votes
3answers
16k views

What does Paul mean by “sound doctrine” in Titus 2:1

What does Paul mean by sound doctrine? e.g., in the following verse: Titus 2:1 (ESV) But as for you, teach what accords with sound doctrine. Today, some people talk about doctrines, some of ...
5
votes
2answers
145 views

Who is the “we” that plays the flute and sings the dirge in Luke 7:32?

In Luke 7:31-35 Jesus tells a short parable of sorts comparing the generation to children in a marketplace calling out to each other. Jesus went on to say, "To what, then, can I compare the people ...
5
votes
6answers
3k views

Why did the Mosaic Law prohibit the ancient Israelites from eating pork?

The book of Leviticus1 contains a prohibition against the consumption of pork. What is the reason for this prohibition? “And the swine, though he divide the hoof, and be cloven footed, yet he ...
5
votes
1answer
133 views

Is the "Fear and trembling” in Philippians 2 related to the psalms?

Philippians 2:12b* reads: Work out your own salvation with fear and trembling. I notice the same two concepts are given in Psalms 2 and 55. Psalm 2:11: Serve the LORD with fear, and ...
5
votes
4answers
717 views

Internal Evidence of Authorship of the Fourth Gospel

By the "fourth gospel," I mean the gospel commonly attributed to an "apostle John." However, is there actually an internal evidence that someone named John wrote the fourth gospel, as is commonly ...
5
votes
1answer
78 views

Psalms superscripts: completion or choirmaster?

Many (56) of the Greek Psalms begin (in what is the superscript in English on most chapters, not represented at all in a few): Εἰς τὸ τέλος. This is a mystery to me. The NETS translates it, ...
5
votes
3answers
931 views

What is Apostle Paul's “thorn in the flesh”?

2 Corinthians 12:7-9 (AKJV) And lest I should be exalted above measure through the abundance of the revelations, there was given to me a thorn in the flesh, the messenger of Satan to buffet me, lest ...
5
votes
3answers
486 views

What exactly did the disciples doubt in Matt 28:17?

Jesus, after being resurrected, appeared to his eleven disciples on a mountain and was worshipped by them. Matt 28:17 says some of them doubted. What did they doubt? Was it his resurrection? ...
5
votes
2answers
257 views

Matthew 27:62: “the day that followed the day of the preparation” - Why not call Sabbath a Sabbath?

In the following verse Matthew 27:62 Now the next day, that followed the day of the preparation, the chief priests and Pharisees came together unto Pilate Why didn't Matthew simply say "on ...
5
votes
0answers
75 views

Luke 23:43: “I say to you today, you will be with me in paradise” or “I say to you, today you will be with me in paradise”? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Comma? “Verily I say unto thee to day, …” or “Verily I say unto thee, to day…” Luke 23:43: “I say to you today, you will be with me in ...
5
votes
1answer
754 views

How did a prisoner pay back debt?

How did a prisoner pay back debt in a 1st century prison? In Matthew 18:21-35 there is a prison that debtors go to payback their debts. Is this done by working there? Were some people there already ...
5
votes
1answer
193 views

What sort of disaster is Joel addressing?

In the first two chapters, Joel seems to be talking about an ecological disaster. Joel 1:20 (NJPS): The very beasts of the field Cry out to You; For the watercourses are dried up, And fire ...
5
votes
2answers
334 views

Healing of the Centurion's παῖς (servant, son?) in Matthew 8:5-13

I have heard it said that the Centurion in Matthew 8 was refering to his "παῖς" in the sense of servant or slave, and all translations seem to take it that way. I've heard people go on to say that ...
5
votes
1answer
365 views

What is the meaning of “The Death of the Son” at the beginning of Psalm 9?

The superscript of Psalm 9 contains the phrase: BHS: עַלְמ֥וּת לַבֵּ֗ן RSV/ESV: according to Muth-labben. NIV: To the tune of “The Death of the Son.” Most translations have chosen something ...
5
votes
2answers
326 views

Angel “marriages”, rebellious angels, and Genesis-Jude intertextual connections

While the time of production of Genesis and Jude is separated by hundreds of years, it remains possible that there are literary, inter-textual connections between them. I am interested to know whether ...
5
votes
4answers
165 views

Silence of the idols and silence of the people before Yahweh in Habakkuk 2:18-20

Habakkuk 2:20 has a powerful sound: But Yahweh is in his holy Temple. Let all the earth be silent before him. I feel there are depths here that I am not plumbing. What is the connection here ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Why is Sarah the only woman with an age mentioned in Genesis?

Abraham's wife Sarah is the only female in Genesis for whom an age is ever mentioned. We can read the span of her life (127 years per Genesis 23:1). However, even in advance of when she became ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the meaning of “Jealous” in Exodus 20:5?

I asked this question on Christianity Stack Exchange. Exodus 20:5 NIV You shall not bow down to them or worship them; for I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God, punishing the children for the ...
5
votes
2answers
201 views

Does base-10 numbering in Genesis 4:24 argue against the Wiseman hypothesis?

This question is a bit esoteric. Looking at numbers in the Bible I noticed this story about one of Cain's decedents: And Lamech said to his wives, “Adah and Zillah, hear my voice; O wives of ...
5
votes
1answer
127 views

What did God put into the human heart according to the Hebrew text of Ecclesiastes 3:11?

The Masoretic Text of Ecclesiastes [= Qohelet/Kohelet] 3:11bα reads this way: גַּ֤ם אֶת־הָעֹלָם֙ נָתַ֣ן בְּלִבָּ֔ם gam ʾet-hāʿōlām nātan bəlibbāmᵃ Also he has put העלם in their heart ᵃ ...
5
votes
1answer
179 views

Does Romans 13:8 include a prohibition of taking loans?

Owe no one anything, except to love each other, for the one who loves another has fulfilled the law. —Romans 13:8 (ESV) The most immediately obvious exegesis of this verse would be to take it to be ...
5
votes
4answers
892 views

Is the rich man in James 1:10 a brother?

Is "the rich" in this passage also a "brother" like the lowly? James 1:9-10 (ESV) Let the lowly brother boast in his exaltation, and the rich in his humiliation, because like a flower of the ...
5
votes
1answer
77 views

Obadiah v. 7: ‘bread’ or ‘those who eat your bread’?

In Obadiah’s vision of the fall of Edom (v. 7), it is written: All your allies have driven you to your border; those at peace with you have deceived you; they have prevailed against you; those ...
5
votes
4answers
1k views

Moses' manufacture of the “bronze serpent” - what bronze?

In Numbers 21:9 it says: So Moses made a bronze snake and put it on a pole, so that if a snake had bitten someone, when he looked at the bronze snake he lived. [NET] Where would Moses probably ...
5
votes
1answer
543 views

Deliver us from “evil” or “the evil one” – help from the Semitists?

Matthew 6:13 ESV And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil. But NIV And do not lead us into temptation, but deliver us from the evil one. UBS5 καὶ μὴ εἰσενέγκῃς ἡμᾶς ...
5
votes
2answers
273 views

When James and Jude use κύριος is their meaning limited to “master”?

In his book, The Jesus Dynasty, James Tabor asserts that James and Jude, which he takes to written by Jesus' brothers, use the term κύριος to mean something like "master". It was a sign of honor for ...
5
votes
3answers
285 views

“You will have delivered your soul” in Ezekiel 3

I'm trying to understand the "Watchman" passage in Ezekiel 3:16-21 (largely repeated in 33:1-9). Excerpting from 3:18-19 (ESV): If....you give him no warning....in order to save his life (...
5
votes
1answer
656 views

Numbers 22:22 Who sent the angel of the LORD to stop Balaam?

Did Satan stand against Balaam on his own zealous volition or did the LORD send him to stop Balaam? ויחר אף אלהים hot was nostril/wrath of G-d כי הולך הוא because went he ויתיצב מלאך יי בדרך and ...
5
votes
3answers
297 views

Do Proverbs 6:16 and Proverbs 30:18 contain a figure of speech? [duplicate]

If you look at Proverbs 6:16 and Proverbs 30:18, they are written in a certain format: "There are six things the LORD hates--no, seven things he detests" "There are three things that are too ...
5
votes
4answers
416 views

Is synoptic parallelism a valid hermeneutic?

I'll give an example: Matt. 4:17 (KJV) From that time Jesus began to preach, and to say, Repent: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand. Mark 1:15 (KJV) And saying, The time is fulfilled, and ...
5
votes
3answers
4k views

In John 3:16, is the word believe a continous action for everlasting life?

Is eternal life in John 3:16 conditional on continous belief in Jesus Christ? The word "believe" in this verse is a present participle verb. Thanks very much!
5
votes
1answer
513 views

What is the distinction between symbolic and apocalyptic interpretations of Ezekiel's temple vision?

I'm studying the temple vision of Ezekiel (chapters 40-48) and I'm trying to understand and compare the various ways in which this is interpreted. As enumerated in another answer on this site here, ...
5
votes
3answers
135 views

Are the Hebrew Scriptures in general to be understood as continuous discourses or fragmental remains of much larger collections? [closed]

I often encounter the idea that the Hebrew Scriptures, or at least many of them, are summaries or fragments of larger works. However, considering the value and tight control that the Jews seem to have ...
5
votes
3answers
253 views

Does the greek word απαυγασμα indicate the person of Christ, or just his qualities?

απαυγασμα is radiance: The Son is the radiance of God’s glory and the exact representation of his being, sustaining all things by his powerful word. After he had provided purification for sins, he ...
5
votes
3answers
431 views

Qualifications for deacons and pastors in 1 Timothy 3:1-12

3:1 This saying is trustworthy: “If someone aspires to the office of overseer, he desires a good work.” 3:2 The overseer then must be above reproach, the husband of one wife, temperate, self-...
5
votes
1answer
235 views

What external evidence do we have for who wrote the Gospel of John?

It seems the Gospel of John was written in the late 80s or early 90s. If John was around Jesus age when they both met, then he would have been 80 or 90 years when writing it. In that time, people ...
5
votes
1answer
129 views

In Hebrew, what is this suffix ending that is on the nouns in psalm 103:3?

What is the suffix ending on the words for iniquities and diseases? (the Kauf,chirriq,yod ending) I see it is interpreted as 'thy' but this is not the usual possessive ending for 'your'. (I am a ...
5
votes
1answer
235 views

How old were the youths mauled by bears?

In 2 Kings 2:23, a group of boys jeers Elisha. Various English translations render this "young boys", "young lads", "boys", "small boys". What kind of range does the Hebrew word behind this group of ...
5
votes
3answers
9k views

What was Malachi's meaning in “The sun of righteousness” vs the sun gods of his day?

In Malachi 4:1-3 (Tanach 3:19-21) It is interpreted as 'sun' (Shemesh) and then talks of the 'wings' (Kanaph) using the Hebrew words. When looking at the history and the pagan gods of that day, they ...
5
votes
2answers
68 views

Does Hosea 1:9 contain a reference to Deut 32?

This question arose along with another stemming from the other part of this verse: In Hosea 1:9, the LORD instructs the prophet regarding his third child: קְרָא שְׁמוֹ לֹא עַמִּ֑י Call his ...
5
votes
3answers
226 views

Is κεχαριτωμένη synonymous with πλήρης χάριτος?

Is κεχαριτωμένη synonymous with πλήρης χάριτος? Why did Jerome translate the Greek word κεχαριτωμένη into Latin as gratia plena (full of grace) in Luke 1:28? καὶ εἰσελθὼν πρὸς αὐτὴν εἶπεν Χαῖρε, ...

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