7
votes
2answers
2k views

What does Hebrews 6:4-6 mean?

This passage is a bit confusing. Could someone please shed some light on how we are to interpret what Paul is saying here? Hebrews 6:4-6 (NIV) It is impossible for those who have once been ...
7
votes
7answers
3k views

Does Paul reject the idea of celebrating holidays in Galatians?

Paul has some very strong words against the Galatians implying that they are returning to their former state: Formerly, when you did not know God, you were enslaved to those that by nature are not ...
7
votes
1answer
127 views

What restrictions would Paul have been preaching against in Colossians 2?

Colossians 2:20-23 (ESV) 20 If with Christ you died to the elemental spirits of the world, why, as if you were still alive in the world, do you submit to regulations— 21 "Do not handle, Do ...
6
votes
1answer
77 views

Hebrew translations of the Aramaic Texts

Several sections of the Old Testament are written in Aramaic. With the Old Testament, we will often examine translations like the Greek Septuagint, the Aramaic Targumim, and the Syriac Peshitta in ...
6
votes
1answer
125 views

Why does Exodus 3 refer to “the angel of the LORD”?

Exodus 3:2 (ESV): And the angel of the LORD (malʾak yhwh) appeared to [Moses] in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush. It seems pretty clear from what follows that the individual in the ...
6
votes
1answer
74 views

Why did Judah's wife “תסף” Shelah?

From Genesis 38 (KJV, with interpolated Hebrew): 2 And Judah saw there a daughter of a certain Canaanite, whose name was Shuah; and he took her, and went in unto her. 3 And she conceived (ותהר), ...
6
votes
3answers
315 views

What is the meaning of אֶת־ in Genesis 4:1?

Genesis 4:1 states: וְהָאָדָם, יָדַע אֶת-חַוָּה אִשְׁתּוֹ; וַתַּהַר, וַתֵּלֶד אֶת-קַיִן, וַתֹּאמֶר, קָנִיתִי אִישׁ אֶת-יְהוָה. And Adam knew (אֶת־) Eve his wife; and she conceived, and bare ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

How many children did Hannah have?

In the Song of Hannah (1 Samuel 2:5), she seems to sing that she has seven children: She who was barren has borne seven children,      but she who has had many sons pines ...
6
votes
2answers
119 views

Do linguistic features of Ecclesiastes rule out Solomon as the author?

Franz Delitzsch is famously quoted as saying: If the book of Koheleth were of old Solomonic origin, then there is no history of the Hebrew Language. His argument seems to be that the Hebrew is ...
6
votes
1answer
89 views

“He has risen”?

I was just noticing this timely question on the English Language and Usage site concerning the Paschal Greeting from Matthew 28:6 (KJV): he is risen. This prompted me to wonder about the Greek. We ...
6
votes
3answers
281 views

Translation of ἁμαρτίαν in 2 Cor. 5:21 - What did God make Jesus?

The Greek text of 2 Cor. 5:21 has been translated in various ways: τὸν γὰρ μὴ γνόντα ἁμαρτίαν ὑπὲρ ἡμῶν ἁμαρτίαν ἐποίησεν ἵνα ἡμεῖς γινώμεθα δικαιοσύνη θεοῦ ἐν αὐτῷ If the translation of ...
6
votes
1answer
450 views

What was the relationship in ages between Jesus and his disciples?

There are a few texts in the gospels which give some flavor of Jesus' relationship with his disciples (citing the NIV here): Matt 10:24 - The student [μαθητὴς] is not above the teacher ...
6
votes
1answer
111 views

Is it correct to assume Elisha was ploughing his own field?

All sorts of assertions are made from 1 Kings 19:19, (i.e. Elisha was well-to-do because he owned 24 oxen). My first question of this passage is simply that is it correct to assume that He owned the ...
6
votes
2answers
143 views

What is the meaning of the shift from present to aorist in 1 John 2:12-14?

1 John 2:12-14 (NA28): γράφω ὑμῖν, τεκνία, ὅτι ἀφέωνται ὑμῖν αἱ ἁμαρτίαι διὰ τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ. γράφω ὑμῖν, πατέρες, ὅτι ἐγνώκατε τὸν ἀπ᾿ ἀρχῆς. γράφω ὑμῖν, νεανίσκοι, ὅτι νενικήκατε τὸν πονηρόν. ...
6
votes
6answers
3k views

Why did the Mosaic Law prohibit the ancient Israelites from eating pork?

The book of Leviticus1 contains a prohibition against the consumption of pork. What is the reason for this prohibition? “And the swine, though he divide the hoof, and be cloven footed, yet he ...
6
votes
1answer
120 views

Does the Gospel of Marcion attest to Luke's authorship of the Gospel of Luke?

The Gospel of Marcion is said to be evidence that the Gospel of Luke was in fact written by Luke: Tradition unanimously affirms this author to be Luke. This is attested by the early heretic ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

How can John 3:13-14 be reconciled with what happened to Enoch, Elijah and Jesus?

While at least two people didn't die, Jesus spoke of only the Son of man ascending into heaven. Jesus next said the Son of man would need to be lifted up. John 3:13-14 (KJV) (Jesus said) “And ...
6
votes
6answers
2k views

How can Jesus say “My Father is working until now” in John 5:16,17 if God rested on the 7th day?

John 5:16,17 (ESV) And this was why the Jews were persecuting Jesus, because he was doing these things on the Sabbath. But Jesus answered them, “My Father is working until now, and I am ...
6
votes
2answers
326 views

How do you reconcile I Tim 2 saying that a woman is not to teach a man and the account of Priscilla and Aquila teaching Apollos who was a man?

How do you reconcile 1 Tim 2 which says that a woman is not to teach a man and Acts 18:24-28 which is account of Priscilla and Aquila teaching a man, Apollos?
6
votes
2answers
283 views

Why doesn't Hebrews mention the temple (naos) anywhere?

The Epistle to the Hebrews spends a lot of time interpreting various aspects of Israel's worship at the tabernacle or temple. All kinds of furniture and practices are mentioned that would have been ...
6
votes
0answers
133 views

What hermeneutical principal did Matthew use in 2:15 when quoting the Tanakh? [duplicate]

When Matthew the Evangelist in 2:15 applied Hosea 11:1 to Jesus' return to Israel from Egypt after the death of wicked King Herod, he says, "This was to fulfill what had been spoken by the Lord ...
6
votes
1answer
414 views

Sentence structure of Romans 12:6

Background If you read Romans 12:6 (part of a very popular passage about "spiritual gifts") from the NASB or any similar translation, you may notice something odd: a good chunk of the verse is not ...
6
votes
1answer
463 views

Literary independence of the synoptics

Which scholars, historical figures, or churches have argued that the synoptic gospels (Matthew, Mark, and Luke) were all written independently without access to any of the other gospels? What ...
6
votes
1answer
135 views

Does Gabriel's initial announcement to Mary suggest the virgin birth?

Luke 1:31 records the angel telling Mary, "you will conceive in your womb and bear a son, and you shall name Him Jesus." Mary's question in reply shows mystification or surprise; it's clear she ...
6
votes
2answers
285 views

What options did Mary have in mind with Gabriel's greeting?

When Gabriel visited Mary, she was, as is usual when meeting an angel, troubled by it: In the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God to a city of Galilee named Nazareth, to a virgin ...
6
votes
3answers
377 views

Is Jesus called God in 2 Thessalonians 1:12?

I was first alerted to this in the NIV footnote of that verse: We pray this so that the name of our Lord Jesus may be glorified in you, and you in him, according to the grace of our God and the ...
6
votes
0answers
875 views

How can the flight to Egypt in Matthew 2:15 be a fulfillment of Hosea 11:1? [duplicate]

I don't understand the basis for dual fulfillment, specifically as referenced: Now when they had departed, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream and said, “Rise, take the ...
6
votes
9answers
16k views

What does it mean that the least in the kingdom of heaven is greater than John the Baptist?

Matthew 11:11 (KJV): Verily I say unto you, Among them that are born of women there hath not risen a greater than John the Baptist: notwithstanding he that is least in the kingdom of heaven is ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

Is Ezekiel a reluctant prophet?

Many of God's servants in the Old Testament are reluctant—Moses, Gideon, Saul (eventually defunct), Jonah and Jeremiah spring to mind. Moses protests five times in the course of Exodus 2-3: 11But ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

What are the “shields of the earth”?

The end of Psalm 47 reads: God reigns over the nations;    God sits on his holy throne. The princes of the peoples gather    as the people of the God of Abraham. ...
6
votes
1answer
757 views

Does the seventh seal do anything?

In Revelation 6 the Lamb begins to open the seven seals of a scroll. Six seals are opened in this section. After the sixth seal is opened and its judgements unleashed, everyone hides from the wrath of ...
6
votes
4answers
3k views

What's going on with Saul and the prophets?

After Samuel anointed Saul, he sent him home with a few signs that will be fulfilled in 1st Samuel 10:9-13 (NJPS): As [Saul] turned around to leave Samuel, God gave him another heart; and all ...
6
votes
1answer
127 views

Who are the people God sent to deliver Israel in 1 Samuel 12:11?

The NET gives the following information about the list of names found in 1 Samuel 12:11: In the ancient versions there is some confusion with regard to these names, both with regard to the ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

Peter's Denial and the Rooster Crowing

In Matthew 26:34, we see Jesus telling Peter that before rooster crows, you will disown me three times: “Truly I tell you,” Jesus answered, “this very night, before the rooster crows, you will disown ...
6
votes
2answers
368 views

Is “calling on the name of the Lord” in Acts 9 literal or figurative?

How did Paul fetch out the followers of Jesus in Acts 9? I've always thought that it was simply their practice of calling on the name of the Lord (precisely "Jesus") aloud as the phrase "calling on ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Is 1 Corinthians 11:19 intended as irony?

My question is about the following text: But in the following instructions I do not commend you, because when you come together it is not for the better but for the worse. For, in the first place, ...
6
votes
2answers
8k views

What is an anagogical interpretation and when should it be considered?

First of all, what exactly is an anagogical interpretation? What is a good example of a text that can be understood to be anagoge? Secondly, what textual clues should one look for when considering ...
6
votes
2answers
376 views

Why is “raah” usually translated differently in Amos 3:6 and 9:4

Why is "raah" usually translated differently in Amos 3:6 and 9:4, even in a super-literal translation: 6Is a trumpet blown in a city, And do people not tremble? Is there affliction in a city, And ...
5
votes
2answers
63 views

Why does Joshua set up 12 stones in the midst of the Jordan River?

After the nation of Israel passes over the Jordan River, God commanded Joshua: Josh 4:2 'Take you twelve men out of the people, out of every tribe a man, Josh 4:3 and command ye them, saying: ...
5
votes
3answers
150 views

“You will have delivered your soul” in Ezekiel 3

I'm trying to understand the "Watchman" passage in Ezekiel 3:16-21 (largely repeated in 33:1-9). Excerpting from 3:18-19 (ESV): If....you give him no warning....in order to save his life ...
5
votes
2answers
62 views

Does Hosea 1:9 contain a reference to Deut 32?

This question arose along with another stemming from the other part of this verse: In Hosea 1:9, the LORD instructs the prophet regarding his third child: קְרָא שְׁמוֹ לֹא עַמִּ֑י Call his ...
5
votes
0answers
63 views

Does Hosea 1:9 contain a reference to the divine name I AM?

Hosea 1:9 וַיֹּ֕אמֶר קְרָ֥א שְׁמ֖וֹ לֹ֣א עַמִּ֑י כִּ֤י אַתֶּם֙ לֹ֣א עַמִּ֔י וְאָנֹכִ֖י לֹֽא־אֶהְיֶ֥ה לָכֶֽם׃ And the LORD said, “Call his name Not My People, for you are not my people, and I am ...
5
votes
3answers
172 views

Is κεχαριτωμένη synonymous with πλήρης χάριτος?

Is κεχαριτωμένη synonymous with πλήρης χάριτος? Why did Jerome translate the Greek word κεχαριτωμένη into Latin as gratia plena (full of grace) in Luke 1:28? καὶ εἰσελθὼν πρὸς αὐτὴν εἶπεν Χαῖρε, ...
5
votes
1answer
96 views

Can anyone explain this apparent discrepancy between the Greek and Hebrew versions of Isaiah 30:20-21?

Isaiah 30:21, as translated from the Masoretic text (Hebrew), has been used times to say that God can show us where we need to go. וְאָזְנֶ֙יךָ֙ תִּשְׁמַ֣עְנָה דָבָ֔ר מֵֽאַחֲרֶ֖יךָ לֵאמֹ֑ר זֶ֤ה ...
5
votes
2answers
124 views

Who is the “we” that plays the flute and sings the dirge in Luke 7:32?

In Luke 7:31-35 Jesus tells a short parable of sorts comparing the generation to children in a marketplace calling out to each other. Jesus went on to say, "To what, then, can I compare the people ...
5
votes
1answer
111 views

What did God put into the human heart according to the Hebrew text of Ecclesiastes 3:11?

The Masoretic Text of Ecclesiastes [= Qohelet/Kohelet] 3:11bα reads this way: גַּ֤ם אֶת־הָעֹלָם֙ נָתַ֣ן בְּלִבָּ֔ם gam ʾet-hāʿōlām nātan bəlibbāmᵃ Also he has put העלם in their heart ᵃ ...
5
votes
1answer
190 views

What is the meaning of “The Death of the Son” at the beginning of Psalm 9?

The superscript of Psalm 9 contains the phrase: BHS: עַלְמ֥וּת לַבֵּ֗ן RSV/ESV: according to Muth-labben. NIV: To the tune of “The Death of the Son.” Most translations have chosen something ...
5
votes
2answers
124 views

How do sins become strangers in Greek Psalm 18 (19)?

Psalm 19:14 (13) reads: גַּ֤ם מִזֵּדִ֨ים ׀ חֲשֹׂ֬ךְ עַבְדֶּ֗ךָ אַֽל־יִמְשְׁלוּ־בִ֣י אָ֣ז אֵיתָ֑ם וְ֝נִקֵּ֗יתִי מִפֶּ֥שַֽׁע רָֽב׃ (BHS) Keep back your servant also from presumptuous sins; let them not ...
5
votes
1answer
67 views

Psalms superscripts: completion or choirmaster?

Many (56) of the Greek Psalms begin (in what is the superscript in English on most chapters, not represented at all in a few): Εἰς τὸ τέλος. This is a mystery to me. The NETS translates it, ...
5
votes
1answer
71 views

Obadiah v. 7: ‘bread’ or ‘those who eat your bread’?

In Obadiah’s vision of the fall of Edom (v. 7), it is written: All your allies have driven you to your border; those at peace with you have deceived you; they have prevailed against you; those ...

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