4
votes
1answer
157 views

Does Mark 1:32 indicate two separate time periods?

The NET Bible reads: When it was evening, after sunset, they brought to him all who were sick and demon-possessed.—Mark 1:32 (NET) Two time references are present: "When it was evening" ...
4
votes
3answers
920 views

Does the phrase “born of water and the Spirit” refer to one, or two births?

In John 3:5, Jesus says that we must be "born of water and the Spirit". Jesus answered, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit he cannot enter into the kingdom of ...
4
votes
2answers
264 views

Who is speaking in James 2:18?

I don't mean by my question that I'm looking to identify a particular individual. I'm just confused by the statement made there. James begins this section in verse 14: "What good is it, my brothers, ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

What is the logic in 1 Cor 2:15 when Paul says “the spiritual person…is himself to be judged by no one”

14The natural person does not accept the things of the Spirit of God, for they are folly to him, and he is not able to understand them because they are spiritually discerned. 15The spiritual person ...
4
votes
1answer
172 views

What sort of disaster is Joel addressing?

In the first two chapters, Joel seems to be talking about an ecological disaster. Joel 1:20 (NJPS): The very beasts of the field Cry out to You; For the watercourses are dried up, And fire ...
4
votes
2answers
185 views

Does base-10 numbering in Genesis 4:24 argue against the Wiseman hypothesis?

This question is a bit esoteric. Looking at numbers in the Bible I noticed this story about one of Cain's decedents: And Lamech said to his wives, “Adah and Zillah, hear my voice; O wives of ...
4
votes
2answers
5k views

What are higher and lower criticism?

What is historical criticism (also known as higher criticism)? What is textual criticism (also known as lower criticism)? How can they help us understand the scriptures? How can they interefere with ...
4
votes
4answers
660 views

Is the rich man in James 1:10 a brother?

Is "the rich" in this passage also a "brother" like the lowly? James 1:9-10 (ESV) Let the lowly brother boast in his exaltation, and the rich in his humiliation, because like a flower of the ...
3
votes
2answers
51 views

Could I Corinthians 2:15 carry a sense of “surprise”?

I was listening to an old sermon by David Jeremiah today in which he suggested that the original Greek of I Corinthians 2:15 would be read with a connotation of "surprise" which would be captured by a ...
3
votes
1answer
58 views

What did God put into the human heart according to the Hebrew text of Ecclesiastes 3:11?

The Masoretic Text of Ecclesiastes [= Qohelet/Kohelet] 3:11bα reads this way: גַּ֤ם אֶת־הָעֹלָם֙ נָתַ֣ן בְּלִבָּ֔ם gam ʾet-hāʿōlām nātan bəlibbāmᵃ Also he has put העלם in their heart ᵃ ...
3
votes
1answer
87 views

What did God put into the heart of man according to the LXX in Ecclesiastes 3:11?

I can tell that from the Hebrew various English translations understand something different has been put into the heart of man. What I am interested in then is does the LXX support one of the English ...
3
votes
4answers
168 views

Psalm 19:3: whose voice?

Psalm 19:3/4 reads: אֵֽין־אֹ֭מֶר וְאֵ֣ין דְּבָרִ֑ים בְּ֝לִ֗י נִשְׁמָ֥ע קוֹלָֽם׃ (BHS, 19:4) There is no speech, nor are there words, whose voice is not heard. (ESV, 19:3) The idea that speech ...
3
votes
2answers
548 views

What are “unnatural” relations or relations “use beyond nature”?

Romans 1:26-27 reads: For this reason God gave them over to dishonorable passions. For their women exchanged the natural sexual relations for unnatural ones, and likewise the men also ...
3
votes
2answers
143 views

What exactly did the disciples doubt in Matt 28:17?

Jesus, after being resurrected, appeared to his eleven disciples on a mountain and was worshipped by them. Matt 28:17 says some of them doubted. What did they doubt? Was it his resurrection? ...
3
votes
2answers
244 views

Angel “marriages”, rebellious angels, and Genesis-Jude intertextual connections

While the time of production of Genesis and Jude is separated by hundreds of years, it remains possible that there are literary, inter-textual connections between them. I am interested to know whether ...
3
votes
1answer
293 views

What did 'adoption' mean to the Romans?

Romans 8 14 For all who are being led by the Spirit of God, these are sons of God. 15 For you have not received a spirit of slavery leading to fear again, but you have received a ...
3
votes
1answer
323 views

Who were the Nicolaitans and why did Jesus hate their deeds?

A popular view of Jesus is that His being all love means that He cannot hate anyone or anything. In light of this, Revelation 2:6 has a very curious statement from Jesus: But this thou hast, that ...
3
votes
2answers
414 views

What did Jesus mean by 'the gates of hell'?

Jesus said that the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. And I tell you, you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. (Matt ...
3
votes
2answers
270 views

Proverbs: differences between the LXX and the MT

What is the origin of the differences in the order of some verses in the book of Proverbs between the LXX and the MT? Here are two examples:1 the verses 30:1—14 are after 24:22 and the verses ...
3
votes
4answers
268 views

Could the Gospel of Matthew be dependent on Luke's Gospel?

Why is it that a possible Gospel dependency order of Mark-Luke-Matthew without requiring 'Q' is considered particularly unlikely, when compared to other possible solutions to the synoptic problem? Do ...
3
votes
2answers
102 views

Does kôkābîm (כוֹכָבִים) in Book of Daniel refer to any bright objects in the sky?

In Daniel 8:10 we read: : It grew great, even to the host of heaven. And some of the host and some of the stars it threw down to the ground and trampled on them. [English Standard Version] ...
3
votes
4answers
4k views

What does the oil in the ten virgins parable represent?

The parable of the ten virgins is found in Matthew 25:1-12. Verses 8-9 (ESV) read: And the foolish said to the wise, ‘Give us some of your oil, for our lamps are going out.’ But the wise ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

What is the meaning of 2 Peter 3:8 (1000 years as 1 day)?

In 2 Peter 3:8 (King James Version) is written: But, beloved, be not ignorant of this one thing, that one day is with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day. What is the ...
3
votes
2answers
403 views

What would Peter “bind” or “loose” on earth?

In Matthew 16 Jesus tells Peter that, as the rock on which his church will be built, he’d bind or loose things on earth. Matthew 16:18-19 (KJV) And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, ...
3
votes
1answer
319 views

Why is Pharaoh called, “ The Great Dragon” in the book of Ezekiel

In Ezekiel 29-3, God summons Ezekiel to speak these words (KJV), Speak, and say,Thus saith the Lord God; I am against thee, Pharaoh king of Egypt, The great dragon that lieth in the ...
3
votes
1answer
660 views

Is the robe that Jesus wears “Dipped” or “Spattered” in blood

In Revelation 19:13, regarding the rider on the white horse, it is written (NIV), He is dressed in a robe dipped in blood. In the same chapter at verse 15 it is written, He treads the ...
3
votes
1answer
452 views

Romans 8:28 translation

Romans 8:28 (NA28) reads: Οἴδαμεν δὲ ὅτι τοῖς ἀγαπῶσιν τὸν θεὸν πάντα συνεργεῖ εἰς ἀγαθόν, τοῖς κατὰ πρόθεσιν κλητοῖς οὖσιν. There is also a textual variant that explicitly makes 'God' the ...
3
votes
3answers
479 views

What does “The earth opened its mouth” mean?

In Revelation 12 the serpent opens its mouth to sweep away the woman, but the earth protects her by opening its mouth. Revelation 12:15-17 (NASB) 15 And the serpent poured water like a river out ...
3
votes
4answers
782 views

Why did God allow satan to take lives just to prove that Job is loyal?

In Job Chapter 1:12 The Lord gave Satan the power to do anything he wanted to get Job to curse the Lord without touching him. 12: And the Lord said unto Satan, Behold, all that he hath is in thy ...
3
votes
1answer
87 views

At the last day

When Jesus spoke of the resurrection in John 6:39,40,44,54 he said the resurrection would occur "at" the last day. Is there any significance to the use of the word at rather than the word on.
3
votes
1answer
79 views

Does Genesis 7:6 chronologically follow Genesis 7:11?

Genesis 7:5-12 5 And Noah did according to all that the LORD commanded him.6 Noah was six hundred years old when the floodwaters were on the earth. 7 So Noah, with his sons, his wife, and his sons' ...
3
votes
3answers
852 views

What is indicated by the title “Holy One of God” in Mark 1:24?

In Mark 1:24, a demon tells Jesus "I know who you are—the Holy One of God!" This title is surprising since the title "the Son of God" is used to introduce Jesus in 1:1. Obviously the title denotes ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

What does,“They were all baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea” mean.? 1:Corinthians 10-2

In 1:Corinthians 10-2 it is written, For i do not want you to be ignorant of the fact,brothers,that our forefathers were all under the cloud and that they all passed through the sea.They were ...
3
votes
1answer
216 views

How could the repentance of the early Ninevites in response to Jonah's message have led to “the destruction of the Jews?”

In his commentary on Jonah 1:3, Eusebius Sophronius Hieronymus (better known as Jerome), asserted that Jonah fled to Tarshish because his insight led him to believe that the repentance of the Gentiles ...
3
votes
3answers
415 views

John 12:32 - What/Who Does the “All” refer to?

John 12:32.. Jesus speaking here obviously, "And I, if I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all men to Myself.” (NASB) Who or what are the referents for the "All" in this passage and what is the ...
3
votes
3answers
287 views

What does “you who are and who were” mean in Revelation 16:5?

In Revelation 1:8 we read, "I am the Alpha and the Omega," says the Lord God, "who is, and who was, and who is to come, the Almighty." This clearly says that God is yet to come. In ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

Do the Dead Sea Scrolls argue against Aramaic primacy?

One of the arguments for Aramaic being the original language of the New Testament is the theory that Hebrew was replaced by Old Aramaic as the vernacular language in Judea following the Babylonian ...
3
votes
5answers
2k views

Does the “fear of death” in Hebrews 2:15 refer to the dread of physically dying, or to something else?

In the Christian New Testament, we find the following: Hebrews 2:14-15 (NASB) 14Therefore, since the children share in flesh and blood, He Himself likewise also partook of the same, that through ...
3
votes
1answer
194 views

Does the greek word απαυγασμα indicate the person of Christ, or just his qualities?

απαυγασμα is radiance: The Son is the radiance of God’s glory and the exact representation of his being, sustaining all things by his powerful word. After he had provided purification for sins, he ...
3
votes
1answer
446 views

Who is it that “wills” in 1 Corinthians 12:11?

I'm not concerned with anything but what 1 Corinthians 12:11 and the immediate context states. Greek text of Stephanus 1550: πάντα δὲ ταῦτα ἐνεργεῖ τὸ ἓν καὶ τὸ αὐτὸ πνεῦμα διαιροῦν ἰδίᾳ ἑκάστῳ ...
3
votes
1answer
208 views

How should the phrase ἐλέγξει τὸν κόσμον περὶ in John 16:8 be translated?

The 1984 NIV of John 16:7b-11 reads (emphasis mine): Unless I go away, the Counselor will not come to you; but if I go, I will send him to you. When he comes, he will convict the world of ...
3
votes
4answers
533 views

Contextually, which English translation/ Greek text seems more probable in Rev. 5:10?

In the King James Version of Rev. 5:10, we find the following phrase, And hast made us unto our God kings and priests: and we shall reign on the earth. If we examine the immediate context, the ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

What gender does the pronouns have that denote ruach or pneuma? [closed]

In Hebrew the word for wind/breath/spirit is ruach, which is feminine (like all nouns for body parts). However, some theologians use that as an argument for calling the Holy Spirit "she". Pneuma in ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

What does “pantokrator” mean?

Revelation 4:8 refers to God as κύριος, ὁ θεός, ὁ παντοκράτωρ, generally rendered as 'Lord God Almighty.' I'm interested in the last word: ὁ παντοκράτωρ. Would this have connoted omnipotence as the ...
3
votes
4answers
8k views

Interpretation of the dead ones in 1 Peter 4:6?

1st Peter 4:6: For for this cause was the gospel preached also to them that are dead, that they might be judged according to men in the flesh, but live according to God in the spirit (KJV) ...
3
votes
1answer
183 views

Have the “many” in Psalm 4 received blessings or were they already blessed?

Psalm 4 is a David psalm about prayer. It includes this stanza that seems to contrast the psalmist with other people: There are many who say, “Who will show us some good? Lift up the light of ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

How many “layers” are there to the Scriptures?

In my quest to understand hermeneutics, I am at the stage of reviewing the different "layers of meaning" to the Scriptures. So far I have identified two layers; a "literal" meaning and a "divine" ...
3
votes
4answers
1k views

What is the connection between manna and living on the Word of God?

In Deuteronomy 8, Moses gives the theology of manna: And he humbled you and let you hunger and fed you with manna, which you did not know, nor did your fathers know, that he might make you know ...
3
votes
1answer
2k views

Why was the priestly exam of a woman suspected of adultery not applied to men (Numbers 5:11-31)?

In the book of Numbers, there is a very interesting test for a woman suspected of committing adultery. After some initial discussion, if the woman refuses to admit her sin, or is innocent, the priest ...
3
votes
6answers
2k views

Where did Abel get the idea to sacrifice sheep?

The purpose of this question is to examine whether it is possible to know where Abel's understanding of sacrifice came from based on the text we have. The presupposition is that Abel had access to the ...

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