2
votes
1answer
144 views

Earliest attestation to Luke's gospel

What is the earliest convincing attestation to the gospel of Luke? I believe that Justin Martyr quotes from Luke's gospel ca.150. Is that generally considered unassailable? Are there other earlier ...
2
votes
6answers
319 views

What is the new covenant made with Jews/Israel in Jeremiah 31:31

Jeremiah 31 verses 31-33, talks about a new covenant forged explicitly with Jews/Israel and only with Jews/Israel, and none other. I'm quoting the passage in Hebrew and providing the phrase literal ...
2
votes
1answer
96 views

Isaiah 7:15 to whom this verse refers?

According to Matthew 1:23, Isaiah 7:14 is a reference to the Lord Jesus Christ. However, Isaiah 7:15 (NET) reads: He will eat sour milk and honey, which will help him know how to reject evil and ...
2
votes
3answers
172 views

What biblical figure was present during the dinosaurs? [closed]

The text of Genesis indicates that Adam appeared on earth after the creation of the entire animal kingdom (Gen 1:24-26). Is there any evidence in the text of Genesis to indicate that some gap of time ...
2
votes
2answers
87 views

Jesus as Adam in the Gospels? [closed]

Can anyone point me to any modern biblical scholars (from 1700s to today), who have written about Jesus as either an Adam figure or as a covenant head based on exegesis of the Gospels? Certainly there ...
2
votes
1answer
260 views

If one rider on the white horse represent's “Christ,” does the other rider on the white horse represent the “Anti-Christ”?

After reading this question Whose blood is on the white rider's robe? my attention was drawn to another white horse and rider that we read about in Revelation 6:2 (NIV), I looked, and there ...
2
votes
1answer
125 views

Qualifications for deacons and pastors in 1 Timothy 3:1-12

3:1 This saying is trustworthy: “If someone aspires to the office of overseer, he desires a good work.” 3:2 The overseer then must be above reproach, the husband of one wife, temperate, ...
2
votes
2answers
146 views

Why would Jesus ask, “the cup which my Father hath given me, shall I not drink it?”

Jesus, while being arrested in the garden, says “the cup which my Father hath given me, shall I not drink it?” He's having Peter take his sword back to the sheath, but why would Jesus ask that? ...
2
votes
1answer
73 views

Psa. 103:4: חַיָּיְכִי and הַמְעַטְּרֵכִי

What is the explanation for the כי- suffix on the words חַיָּיְכִי and הַמְעַטְּרֵכִי in Psa. 103:4?
2
votes
2answers
182 views

What does “closed and sealed” mean in the language it was written in?

Daniel 12:9 And he said, Go thy way, Daniel; for these words are "closed and sealed" till the time of the end.
2
votes
4answers
665 views

The Two witnesses and the Two Horns of The Beast

In Revelation 11v7 regarding the Two Witnesses we read: Now when they have finished their testimony,the beast that comes up from the Abyss will attack them and overpower and kill them. In 13v11 ...
2
votes
1answer
3k views

What scripture is Paul referring to in Ephesians 5:14?

In Ephesians we find that light (religious truth) is being deacribed as very powerul as it is able to make dead things living just by shinning on them. But when anything is exposed by the light, it ...
2
votes
2answers
219 views

What does Psalm 68:18 refer to in context?

In the NIV, Psalm 68:18 reads: When you ascended on high, you led captives in your train; you received gifts from men, even from the rebellious— that you, O Lord God, might ...
2
votes
1answer
204 views

Could ἀρχαὶ in Romans 8:38 be 'the past' rather than 'ruler' or similar

All translations seem to render ἀρχαὶ in Romans 8:38-39 as 'ruler' or something similar, for example: ESV: 38For I am sure that neither death nor life, nor angels nor rulers, nor things present ...
2
votes
6answers
2k views

Where did Abel get the idea to sacrifice sheep?

The purpose of this question is to examine whether it is possible to know where Abel's understanding of sacrifice came from based on the text we have. The presupposition is that Abel had access to the ...
2
votes
2answers
217 views

Does Galatians 6:9 contain a causality that could imply works salvation?

Related to: Does reaping in Galatians 6:9 refer to salvation? Galatians 6:9 (NASB) 9 Let us not lose heart in doing good, for in due time we will reap if we do not grow weary. If the word ...
2
votes
0answers
564 views

Why is Isaac called Abraham's only son? [duplicate]

Continuing the response to the meta call for contradiction. In Genesis 22, we find the following passage: And it was after these events that the God tested Abraham; and said to him "Abraham", who ...
2
votes
2answers
746 views

Is El-Shaddai “Sky God” where Sky==Breasts?

I found the name "El-Shaddai" mysterious, but while going over Genesis, found the following passage (Gen 49) Wikisource translation From the god of your fathers, and he will help you, and the ...
2
votes
1answer
144 views

How did the proverb about Saul and the prophets come about?

I asked a previous question about Saul and the prophets in 1st Samuel 10:9-13, but now I've read on and I see an alternate origin story: David made good his escape, and he came to Samuel at Ramah ...
2
votes
1answer
191 views

Does the Sadducees' question in Mark 12 imply polygamy was considered sinful?

The passage in question is Mark 12:18-23 (ESV): And Sadducees came to him, who say that there is no resurrection. And they asked him a question, saying, “Teacher, Moses wrote for us that if a ...
1
vote
1answer
220 views

Was baptism practiced by first-century Jews?

In Matthew 3:13-17 Jesus is baptized by John. Is baptism a Jewish practice? Based on Jesus the Phoenician baptism used to be practiced by Canaanites, not Jews. Is this claim true or false?
1
vote
1answer
76 views

Judgement with or without the Law [closed]

According to Rom 5:13, pre-flood humanity was not judged guilty of sin according to the Law because, “for sin indeed was in the world before the law was given, but sin is not counted where there ...
1
vote
2answers
49 views

What are 'the laws' in Exodus 18?

When Moses judged the people of Israel, we read in Exodus 18:20 about the laws: and you shall warn them about the statutes and the laws, and make them know the way in which they must walk and ...
1
vote
1answer
130 views

What does μονογενὴς Θεὸς means in John 1:18?

I know that μονογενὴς Θεὸς is the correct text in John 1:18b but my question is that what does it mean in Christian Theology? How do we suppose to understand such divine title of God's Son? The NASB ...
1
vote
3answers
304 views

The Hebrew word Yom

Can "Yom" in Gen 1 be translated "aeon" meaning "an age". What is its semantic range? I have read a few translations which translated "days" as: "From darkness to light, the sixth creation phase" and ...
1
vote
1answer
223 views

Who is the “star” that comes out of Jacob,and why will he crush the foreheads of Moab, and the skulls of all the sons of Sheth.?

In Numbers:24-17,with reference to Balaam's fourth Oracle,it is written, (NIV) "I see him but not now, I behold him, but not near. A star will come out of Jacob,a sceptre will rise out ...
1
vote
1answer
101 views

In Exodus 14:16, could “divide the water” also mean, “break the water.”

In Exodus 14:16 (NIV) Moses is told by the Lord, Raise your staff and stretch out your hand over the sea to divide the water so that the Israelites can go through the sea on dry ground. I am ...
1
vote
1answer
93 views

To cover, to remain concealed, or against the covering?

1 Corinthians 11:6 seems to deal in some way with a head covering. For if a wife will not cover her head... (ESV) εἰ γὰρ οὐ κατακαλύπτεται γυνή... (SBL) The word used for "cover" in this ...
1
vote
2answers
387 views

In book of Revelation is the fifth angel the first angel to sound his trumpet?

In Revelation 8:6 we read, Then the seven angels who had the seven trumpets prepared to sound them. The first angel sounded his trumpet, and after this in v.7 we read, A third of the earth ...
1
vote
4answers
1k views

Which beast does the number 666 represent

16 It also forced all people, great and small, rich and poor, free and slave, to receive a mark on their right hands or on their foreheads, 17 so that they could not buy or sell unless they had the ...
1
vote
3answers
2k views

Why Moses ordered to keep virgins alive but kill all non-virgins and males in Numbers 31:17-18?

Why was Moses ordered to keep the virgins alive but kill all non-virgins and males in Numbers 31:17-18. Is it equal to genocide, gendercide, and/or sexual slavery? Please explain from all aspects.
1
vote
1answer
91 views

Were the household tables in Peter and Paul counter-cultural in their day?

The household tables in Paul's letters and in 1 Peter pair up sets of people: Wives submit to your husbands : Husbands love your wives Children obey your fathers : Fathers don't exasperate your ...
1
vote
1answer
594 views

Grammar-Literal Translation of Genesis 1:3 and 12:3

In Biblical Hebrew there are two simple verb types (Qal and Niphal) which convey no causation. Are the below revisions of the King James Version more accurate to the thoughts expressed by the grammar? ...
1
vote
1answer
3k views

What is the “Light” of Genesis 1:3?

In Genesis 1:3 (ESV), it is written, And God said, "Let there be light," and there was light. The Hebrew word which is translated into English as "light" is אֹור (or) (Strong's H216). Is ...
1
vote
1answer
604 views

What does “pantokrator” mean?

Revelation 4:8 refers to God as κύριος, ὁ θεός, ὁ παντοκράτωρ, generally rendered as 'Lord God Almighty.' I'm interested in the last word: ὁ παντοκράτωρ. Would this have connoted omnipotence as the ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

Existing beliefs or contents of the text more formative in hermeneutics?

This answer states: In general: philosophy informs one's reading of a text, not the other way around. This statement in itself is an answer to one of the biggest issues of hermeneutics: the way ...
1
vote
3answers
833 views

Do any Hermeneutical approaches have a specific meaning for the number 11?

I have read that in biblical numerology the number 11 indicates a system or period given to chaos or disorganization, and a survey of the text seems to bear this out. See, for example: Meaning of ...
0
votes
1answer
100 views

The book of Daniel

Is there a paleographic difference in style from Daniel chapters 9, 10, 11, and 12, since many scholars attempt to date Daniel as a second century work, based on the details of chapter 11? Could ...
0
votes
2answers
163 views

What is the meaning of 2 Peter 3:8 (1000 years as 1 day)?

In 2 Peter 3:8 (King James Version) is written: But, beloved, be not ignorant of this one thing, that one day is with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day. What is the ...
0
votes
1answer
139 views

Are there any Biblical scholars/textual critics who think the Gospels originally are in Greek?

Are there any Biblical Scholars/Textual critics who believe that the 4 Gospels were originally written in Greek? I'm talking about the originals, the first ever copies not the manuscripts that we ...
0
votes
1answer
285 views

How to interpret Isaiah 9:6? [duplicate]

Jews: For a child has been born to us, a son given to us, and the authority is upon his shoulder, and the wondrous adviser, the mighty God, the everlasting Father, called his name, "the prince of ...
0
votes
3answers
2k views

When was the Torah written or compiled?

Some say the Torah was written much later, most likely during the Babylonian exile. However, the Torah couldn’t possibly have been written after the split between Israel and Judah. They each got ...
0
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the original Greek translation of John 1:1? [duplicate]

Regarding John 1:1, I really want to know if the correct translation of the verse from Greek to English should contain the word God or the words a God?
0
votes
2answers
924 views

What is the meaning of 'Power of the Death'?

What is the meaning of the word 'power of death' which Satan was holding as in Heb 2:14.?
0
votes
1answer
353 views

What sort of “slave” is Paul referring to in 1 Corinthians 7:21-23?

Paul writes the following in his first letter to the Corinthian church: Were you called while a slave? Do not worry about it; but if you are able also to become free, rather do that. For he who ...
0
votes
1answer
119 views

Using literal hermeneutics how does one determine if a demand is made on the reader?

This is an attempt at rescoping this. Given that an interpretive framework, whether it be a set of rules or a theological predisposition, guides the interpretation of scripture, what are the rules or ...
0
votes
1answer
243 views

Does a leper have yellow hair or black hair?

This is a response to the meta call for contradictions. I got plenty of these that nobody else notices. And a man or woman that will have an affliction in him, in the head or in the beard. And the ...
-1
votes
3answers
114 views

Yule Tree in Jeremiah 10:1-4?

Jeremiah 10:1-4 KJV Hear the word that the Lord speaks to you, O house of Israel. Thus says the Lord: “Learn not the way of the nations, nor be dismayed at the signs of the heavens ...
-2
votes
2answers
139 views

Why did Jesus did not utter the whole phrase “ἐγώ εἰμι ὁ ὤν” in John 8:58? [closed]

Why did Jesus only say "ἐγὼ εἰμί" rather than, "ἐγὼ εἰμί ὁ ὤν"?
-2
votes
1answer
185 views

What nuance does “before my face” convey in Exodus 20:3?

What are the full implications of "before my face" in Exodus 20:3? Exodus 20:3 (BHS) לֹא יִהְיֶה־לְךָ אֱלֹהִים אֲחֵרִים עַל־פָּנָיַ׃ Exodus 20:3 (NKJV) 3 “You shall have no other gods ...

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