4
votes
2answers
175 views

Does base-10 numbering in Genesis 4:24 argue against the Wiseman hypothesis?

This question is a bit esoteric. Looking at numbers in the Bible I noticed this story about one of Cain's decedents: And Lamech said to his wives, “Adah and Zillah, hear my voice; O wives of ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

What are higher and lower criticism?

What is historical criticism (also known as higher criticism)? What is textual criticism (also known as lower criticism)? How can they help us understand the scriptures? How can they interefere with ...
4
votes
4answers
477 views

Is the rich man in James 1:10 a brother?

Is "the rich" in this passage also a "brother" like the lowly? James 1:9-10 (ESV) Let the lowly brother boast in his exaltation, and the rich in his humiliation, because like a flower of the ...
3
votes
2answers
79 views

Does kôkābîm (כוֹכָבִים) in Book of Daniel refer to any bright objects in the sky?

In Daniel 8:10 we read: : It grew great, even to the host of heaven. And some of the host and some of the stars it threw down to the ground and trampled on them. [English Standard Version] ...
3
votes
1answer
242 views

Deliver us from “evil” or “the evil one” – help from the Semitists?

Matthew 6:13 ESV And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil. But NIV And do not lead us into temptation, but deliver us from the evil one. UBS5 καὶ μὴ εἰσενέγκῃς ἡμᾶς ...
3
votes
1answer
126 views

Matthew 10:28 - Is there anything linguistic to support eternal torment in this verse?

In Matthew 10:28 is there anything linguistic to support eternal torment in this verse? The natural interpretation obviously is that this teaches annihilationism since he uses the word "destroy" not ...
3
votes
2answers
545 views

Did Jesus call God YHWH?

In Matthew 27:45-46 Jesus is recorded as saying: Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani? Based on Jesus the Phoenician Jesus called God 'EL'—which is a Phoenician God—when he was on the cross. ...
3
votes
2answers
179 views

What would Peter “bind” or “loose” on earth?

In Matthew 16 Jesus tells Peter that, as the rock on which his church will be built, he’d bind or loose things on earth. Matthew 16:18-19 (KJV) And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, ...
3
votes
1answer
185 views

Why is Pharaoh called, “ The Great Dragon” in the book of Ezekiel

In Ezekiel 29-3, God summons Ezekiel to speak these words (KJV), Speak, and say,Thus saith the Lord God; I am against thee, Pharaoh king of Egypt, The great dragon that lieth in the ...
3
votes
1answer
259 views

Is the robe that Jesus wears “Dipped” or “Spattered” in blood

In Revelation 19:13, regarding the rider on the white horse, it is written (NIV), He is dressed in a robe dipped in blood. In the same chapter at verse 15 it is written, He treads the ...
3
votes
3answers
164 views

What does “The earth opened its mouth” mean?

In Revelation 12 the serpent opens its mouth to sweep away the woman, but the earth protects her by opening its mouth. Revelation 12:15-17 (NASB) 15 And the serpent poured water like a river out ...
3
votes
3answers
208 views

Why did God allow satan to take lives just to prove that Job is loyal?

In Job Chapter 1:12 The Lord gave Satan the power to do anything he wanted to get Job to curse the Lord without touching him. 12: And the Lord said unto Satan, Behold, all that he hath is in thy ...
3
votes
1answer
72 views

Does Genesis 7:6 chronologically follow Genesis 7:11?

Genesis 7:5-12 5 And Noah did according to all that the LORD commanded him.6 Noah was six hundred years old when the floodwaters were on the earth. 7 So Noah, with his sons, his wife, and his sons' ...
3
votes
1answer
157 views

In the song of Moses and Miriam, why do the words change from “water” to “earth”?

In Exodus 15:1-12, it is written: Then Moses and the children of Israel sang this song to the Lord, and they spoke, saying, I will sing to the Lord, for very exalted is He; a horse and its ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

What does,“They were all baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea” mean.? 1:Corinthians 10-2

In 1:Corinthians 10-2 it is written, For i do not want you to be ignorant of the fact,brothers,that our forefathers were all under the cloud and that they all passed through the sea.They were ...
3
votes
1answer
566 views

Why is that great city figuratively called Sodom and Egypt? Revelation 11:8

After the beast has killed the two Prophets, we read in Revelation 11:8, Their bodies will lie in the street of the great city,which is figuratively called Sodom and Egypt,where also their Lord ...
3
votes
1answer
174 views

How could the repentance of the early Ninevites in response to Jonah's message have led to “the destruction of the Jews?”

In his commentary on Jonah 1:3, Eusebius Sophronius Hieronymus (better known as Jerome), asserted that Jonah fled to Tarshish because his insight led him to believe that the repentance of the Gentiles ...
3
votes
2answers
319 views

What were the criteria for evaluating whether a book was included in the canons of scripture?

What criteria were used in collecting the Scriptures (Canon) which we know today as the Holy Bible. I'm not looking for new theological hypotheses here, just established ones. For example, how did ...
3
votes
3answers
812 views

Do the Dead Sea Scrolls argue against Aramaic primacy?

One of the arguments for Aramaic being the original language of the New Testament is the theory that Hebrew was replaced by Old Aramaic as the vernacular language in Judea following the Babylonian ...
3
votes
5answers
1k views

Does the “fear of death” in Hebrews 2:15 refer to the dread of physically dying, or to something else?

In the Christian New Testament, we find the following: Hebrews 2:14-15 (NASB) 14Therefore, since the children share in flesh and blood, He Himself likewise also partook of the same, that through ...
3
votes
1answer
244 views

Who is it that “wills” in 1 Corinthians 12:11?

I'm not concerned with anything but what 1 Corinthians 12:11 and the immediate context states. Greek text of Stephanus 1550: πάντα δὲ ταῦτα ἐνεργεῖ τὸ ἓν καὶ τὸ αὐτὸ πνεῦμα διαιροῦν ἰδίᾳ ἑκάστῳ ...
3
votes
1answer
147 views

How should the phrase ἐλέγξει τὸν κόσμον περὶ in John 16:8 be translated?

The 1984 NIV of John 16:7b-11 reads (emphasis mine): Unless I go away, the Counselor will not come to you; but if I go, I will send him to you. When he comes, he will convict the world of ...
3
votes
4answers
377 views

Contextually, which English translation/ Greek text seems more probable in Rev. 5:10?

In the King James Version of Rev. 5:10, we find the following phrase, And hast made us unto our God kings and priests: and we shall reign on the earth. If we examine the immediate context, the ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

How can Psalms 68:18 be translated as in Ephesians 4:8?

In Psalms we have: You ascended on high, leading a host of captives in your train and receiving gifts among men, even among the rebellious, that the Lord God may dwell there. (Psalms 68:18, ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

What gender does the pronouns have that denote ruach or pneuma? [closed]

In Hebrew the word for wind/breath/spirit is ruach, which is feminine (like all nouns for body parts). However, some theologians use that as an argument for calling the Holy Spirit "she". Pneuma in ...
3
votes
1answer
166 views

Have the “many” in Psalm 4 received blessings or were they already blessed?

Psalm 4 is a David psalm about prayer. It includes this stanza that seems to contrast the psalmist with other people: There are many who say, “Who will show us some good? Lift up the light of ...
3
votes
1answer
795 views

How many “layers” are there to the Scriptures?

In my quest to understand hermeneutics, I am at the stage of reviewing the different "layers of meaning" to the Scriptures. So far I have identified two layers; a "literal" meaning and a "divine" ...
3
votes
4answers
702 views

What is the connection between manna and living on the Word of God?

In Deuteronomy 8, Moses gives the theology of manna: And he humbled you and let you hunger and fed you with manna, which you did not know, nor did your fathers know, that he might make you know ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

Why was the priestly exam of a woman suspected of adultery not applied to men (Numbers 5:11-31)?

In the book of Numbers, there is a very interesting test for a woman suspected of committing adultery. After some initial discussion, if the woman refuses to admit her sin, or is innocent, the priest ...
3
votes
2answers
161 views

Does reaping in Galatians 6:9 refer to salvation?

Related to: Does Galatians 6:9 contain a causality that could imply works salvation? In the immediate context (based on verse 8), reaping in Galatians 6:9 appears to refer to salvation. Galatians ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

What are the possible interpretations of 1 John 2:19?

What are the possible interpretations and implications of 1 John 2:19, specifically as it relates to the doctrine of eternal security? 1 John 2:19 (NASB) 19 They went out from us, but they ...
3
votes
2answers
596 views

What does Paul mean by “if we preach…contrary to [ourselves]”?

I am astonished that you are so quickly deserting him who called you in the grace of Christ and are turning to a different gospel—not that there is another one, but there are some who trouble ...
3
votes
1answer
202 views

How do Revelation 19 and 20 relate to one another?

I know some people think that the visions in Revelation 20 are a chronological continuation of the one at the end of chapter 19, while others think that the visions in chapter 20 are a re-framing and ...
3
votes
1answer
108 views

What is the “high estate” that the lowly brother has in James 1:9?

A question was raised in one of my answers asking this question. I thought it deserved its own treatment. So, here it is for your consideration: In James, we read: James 1:9 (ASV) But let the ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

Why is Breath or Wind a better translation choice then Spirit? [closed]

"Spirit" occurs 505 times in 456 verses in the KJV. The English word is translated from the Hebrew ruach and the Greek pnuema. Both of these words can also mean "breath" or "wind." All three uses ...
2
votes
1answer
91 views

Isaiah 7:15 to whom this verse refers?

According to Matthew 1:23, Isaiah 7:14 is a reference to the Lord Jesus Christ. However, Isaiah 7:15 (NET) reads: He will eat sour milk and honey, which will help him know how to reject evil and ...
2
votes
3answers
164 views

What biblical figure was present during the dinosaurs? [closed]

The text of Genesis indicates that Adam appeared on earth after the creation of the entire animal kingdom (Gen 1:24-26). Is there any evidence in the text of Genesis to indicate that some gap of time ...
2
votes
1answer
55 views

Judgement with or without the Law

According to Rom 5:13, pre-flood humanity was not judged guilty of sin according to the Law because, “for sin indeed was in the world before the law was given, but sin is not counted where there is ...
2
votes
2answers
83 views

Jesus as Adam in the Gospels? [closed]

Can anyone point me to any modern biblical scholars (from 1700s to today), who have written about Jesus as either an Adam figure or as a covenant head based on exegesis of the Gospels? Certainly there ...
2
votes
1answer
217 views

If one rider on the white horse represent's “Christ,” does the other rider on the white horse represent the “Anti-Christ”?

After reading this question Whose blood is on the white rider's robe? my attention was drawn to another white horse and rider that we read about in Revelation 6:2 (NIV), I looked, and there ...
2
votes
1answer
115 views

Qualifications for deacons and pastors in 1 Timothy 3:1-12

3:1 This saying is trustworthy: “If someone aspires to the office of overseer, he desires a good work.” 3:2 The overseer then must be above reproach, the husband of one wife, temperate, ...
2
votes
2answers
133 views

Why would Jesus ask, “the cup which my Father hath given me, shall I not drink it?”

Jesus, while being arrested in the garden, says “the cup which my Father hath given me, shall I not drink it?” He's having Peter take his sword back to the sheath, but why would Jesus ask that? ...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

Psa. 103:4: חַיָּיְכִי and הַמְעַטְּרֵכִי

What is the explanation for the כי- suffix on the words חַיָּיְכִי and הַמְעַטְּרֵכִי in Psa. 103:4?
2
votes
2answers
179 views

What does “closed and sealed” mean in the language it was written in?

Daniel 12:9 And he said, Go thy way, Daniel; for these words are "closed and sealed" till the time of the end.
2
votes
4answers
621 views

The Two witnesses and the Two Horns of The Beast

In Revelation 11v7 regarding the Two Witnesses we read: Now when they have finished their testimony,the beast that comes up from the Abyss will attack them and overpower and kill them. In 13v11 ...
2
votes
1answer
2k views

What scripture is Paul referring to in Ephesians 5:14?

In Ephesians we find that light (religious truth) is being deacribed as very powerul as it is able to make dead things living just by shinning on them. But when anything is exposed by the light, it ...
2
votes
2answers
211 views

What does Psalm 68:18 refer to in context?

In the NIV, Psalm 68:18 reads: When you ascended on high, you led captives in your train; you received gifts from men, even from the rebellious— that you, O Lord God, might ...
2
votes
1answer
196 views

Could ἀρχαὶ in Romans 8:38 be 'the past' rather than 'ruler' or similar

All translations seem to render ἀρχαὶ in Romans 8:38-39 as 'ruler' or something similar, for example: ESV: 38For I am sure that neither death nor life, nor angels nor rulers, nor things present ...
2
votes
6answers
2k views

Where did Abel get the idea to sacrifice sheep?

The purpose of this question is to examine whether it is possible to know where Abel's understanding of sacrifice came from based on the text we have. The presupposition is that Abel had access to the ...
2
votes
2answers
214 views

Does Galatians 6:9 contain a causality that could imply works salvation?

Related to: Does reaping in Galatians 6:9 refer to salvation? Galatians 6:9 (NASB) 9 Let us not lose heart in doing good, for in due time we will reap if we do not grow weary. If the word ...

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