1
vote
2answers
176 views

What calendar used in first century Judea by author of gospel of John?

Different calendars have emerged throughout history ie. Julian, revised Julian, Gregorian. These calendars are generally solar or lunar or both (lunisolar). Jews used lunisolar in Tannaitic period ...
16
votes
6answers
14k views

Translation of “abba” (Αββα, אבא)

What is the best English translation of abba (Greek: Αββα, Aramaic: אבא) such as in Romans 8:15? What are its senses in the original languages, and are those best captured by father, dad, daddy, or ...
13
votes
8answers
6k views

What is “the gift of God” in Eph 2:8

This answer on C.SE referenced Eph 2:8-9 to support the idea that faith comes from God. For by grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God, not a ...
-2
votes
0answers
17 views

Did the New Testament writers identify God, Jesus and the Holy Spirit with the following Greek words to mean that they are persons?

Did the New Testament writers identify God, Jesus and the Holy Spirit with the following Greek words to mean that they are persons? Below is a Greek word used to the Father, Son and Holy Spirit in ...
0
votes
3answers
85 views

In Luke 23:54 - Was Jesus Entombed Right Before the Sabbath Dawn?

Related: - The meaning of παρασκευή ('day of preparation') - Re. The Passover: Why do Christians Assert the Calendar Day Began at Sunset? - Re. The Crucifixion: Possible to Correlate ...
3
votes
2answers
94 views

Is Christ still in the form of God in Philippians 2:7-8?

Philippians 2:6-8 (ESV) 6 who, though he was in the form of God, did not count equality with God a thing to be grasped, 7 but emptied himself, by taking the form of a servant, being born ...
8
votes
4answers
99 views

What is the significance of cooking the passover lamb by fire rather than boiling?

What is the significance of cooking the passover lamb by fire rather than boiling? Exodus 12:8-9 They shall eat the flesh that night, roasted on the fire; with unleavened bread and bitter herbs ...
-1
votes
2answers
31 views

What are New Jerusalem's biblical attributes?

I was reading through this analysis about heaven and New Jerusalem and I have some questions: Are the walls really 1380 miles on each side? When I read the text I might interpret it as circumference ...
8
votes
0answers
90 views
+100

“His love never ceases” vs. “we are not consumed” in Lamentations 3:22

Lamentations 3:22a חַֽסְדֵ֤י יְהוָה֙ כִּ֣י לֹא־תָ֔מְנוּ The steadfast love of the LORD never ceases... (ESV) ESV footnote: Syriac, Targum; Hebrew Because of the steadfast love of the LORD, ...
-1
votes
0answers
24 views

is the devil a person, or the human ego?

I read that whenever the bible references the devil it really means the internal "adversary" that lies in us all, as in human capacity for evil and disobedience but not an actual being. Is this true? ...
2
votes
0answers
46 views

Why is there dust on the ground if there was a mist watering the ground?

Gen 2:6-7 ... A mist used to rise from the earth and water the whole surface of the ground. Then the Lord God formed man of dust from the ground ... Is there an explanation why there is still ...
4
votes
1answer
28 views

“if, humanly speaking, I fought with beasts at Ephesus” 1 Cor 15:32

What does Paul mean by "if, humanly speaking, I fought with beasts at Ephesus"? ESV: What do I gain if, humanly speaking, I fought with beasts at Ephesus? NIV: If I fought wild beasts in ...
-1
votes
1answer
63 views

when believers die, are they resurrected to heaven with the Lord?

first resurrection in Rev 20:5 when unbelievers die, aren't they resurrected to be with the Lord in heaven? Isn't it the first resurrection? The first resurrection in Rev 20:5 is different? does it ...
2
votes
1answer
79 views

Sabbath, Sabbaths or week? Matthew 28:1

Reading in Matthew 28:1 (ESV): Now after the Sabbath, toward the dawn of the first day of the week, Mary Magdalene and the other Mary went to see the tomb. ὀψὲ δὲ σαββάτων τῇ ἐπιφωσκούσῃ εἰς ...
4
votes
1answer
83 views

What is the meaning of Mark 4:24–25

I have surveyed more than 10 commentaries on this, some comment on these verses specifically, and the ones that do disagree somewhat. It is not clear to me if the meaning of these words is clear, or ...
14
votes
3answers
5k views

How many people were involved in the Exodus?

According to Numbers 1:20-46 (NJPS): They totaled as follows: The descendants of Reuben, Israel’s first-born, the registration of the clans of their ancestral house, as listed by name, head by ...
1
vote
2answers
99 views
+50

In Hebrews 1:3, to which “purification for sins” does the verse refer?

In Hebrews 1:3, to which "purification for sins" does the verse refer?: Heb 1:3 He is the radiance of the glory of God and the exact imprint of his nature, and he upholds the universe by the ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

Do household conversions include also teenagers and children?

There is no evidence of teenager or children baptisms in the New Testament. All candidates seem to be adults. However, the book of Acts and 1 Corinthians mention the conversion of Cornelius, Lydia, ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Did what we now read in the bible as “smite, destroy” mean something else originally?

I once read that smite, destroy meant to give over, to save or something like that in the original language and were different words but these words were translated to mean kill in the current version ...
2
votes
4answers
1k views

The word “expanse” in Genesis 1:6-8

In reading Genesis 1:6-8, my understanding from Genesis 1:6 was that the contextual meaning of "the expanse" was a land that separates waters from waters. In 1:7 it seems to be about separation of ...
3
votes
3answers
301 views

How Could Abraham receive Canaan as “an everlasting possession”, as promised in Genesis 17:8?

"The whole land of Canaan, where you now reside as a foreigner, I will give as an everlasting possession to you and your descendants after you; and I will be their God" (Genesis 17:8, NIV) In the ...
1
vote
2answers
28 views

In Galatians 2:2, what was Paul afraid of?

After receiving a divine charge and 14 years of faithful labor Paul returns to Jerusalem concerned that it was all for nothing. Why was he concerned about that and what did he fear that the Jerusalem ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

In Romans 8:8-9, how are the saints “not in the flesh”?

Paul contrasts those who are "in the flesh" and those who are "in the spirit/breath": ESV Rom 8:8 Those who are in the flesh cannot please God. Rom 8:9 You, however, are not in the flesh but ...
1
vote
1answer
95 views

Why would Jesus had John to stay (alive?) till He comes?

In John 21:22 Jesus said: "If I want him to remain until I come, is that something to you?" It is probably that John wasn't a martyr. But did Jesus mean that John shouldn't die by martyrdom? If so ...
0
votes
2answers
42 views

What did Paul mean by a “new lump” in 1 Cor 5:7?

What did Paul mean by a "new lump" in 1 Cor 5:7?: YLT 1Co 5:6 Not good is your glorying; have ye not known that a little leaven the whole lump doth leaven? 1Co 5:7 cleanse out, therefore, ...
5
votes
0answers
39 views

How to interpret neuter adjective “one” in John 10:30?

My understanding is an adjective in the predicate function should generally match the subject in case, number, and gender. In John 10:30 that means the adjective “one” should be masculine (εἷς), but ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

In Leviticus 18:5, what is being promised with regard to “life”?

In Leviticus 18:5, what is being promised with regard to "life"? Is "shall live in them" another way of saying "shall live because of them"? Or "shall live in accordance with the ordinances"? As a ...
11
votes
5answers
1k views

How would stoning of an adulterer actually be carried out under the Law of Moses?

How would stoning of an adulterer actually be carried out under the Law of Moses? In John Chapter 8 there is the familiar story of how Jesus prevented a stoning of a woman who had committed adultery. ...
12
votes
7answers
2k views

Did God say that Adam will die on the same day he ate the fruit?

but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat of it you shall surely die.” (Genesis 2:17, NKJV) but you must not eat from the tree of the ...
2
votes
1answer
66 views

How old is the Passover animal required to be in Exodus 12:5?

According to Exodus 12:5 is the animal required to be less than one year old (but at least 8 days old), at least one year old (mature/adult), or a year old (older than zero, less than two, aka a ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

What is the significance of the honey inside the lion's carcass?

In Judges 14, Samson kills a lion and leaves the body there. When he comes back to it, a swarm of bees has taken over and there is now honey there: 5 Samson went down to Timnah together with his ...
3
votes
1answer
105 views

Do we know that the Enuma Elish came before Genesis? [closed]

Can the text of Genesis be dated before Enuma Elish? Are there any evidences for or against I know a common idea is that the Genesis narrative, at the least, takes elements from other Near Eastern ...
3
votes
2answers
56 views

Who is far from the sanctuary in Ezekiel 8:6?

Ezekiel 8:6 is translated in the ESV: And he said to me, "Son of man, do you see what they are doing, the great abominations that the house of Israel are committing here, to drive me far from my ...
-3
votes
0answers
37 views

In Genesis 3:20, Does “Mother of All the Living” also Include the Dead as Well?

The Text: God's Word Translation, Genesis 3:20 - Adam named his wife Eve [Life] because she became the mother of every living person. (Also, See List of Hebrew Occurrences, for other ...
4
votes
2answers
142 views

From the time what came to be? - Isaiah 48:16

I'm just not sure what the it is referring to here, or is it implied? Is it connected to wherever there is? Isaiah 48:16 (ESV) Draw near to me, hear this: from the beginning I have not ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Is Psalm 91 talking about physical protection, spiritual or both?

The Text: In Psalms 91 - there are several promises for protection. However, there are at least three possibilities that affect the interpretation of the text: That it should be taken literally - ...
1
vote
3answers
1k views

What is the correct interpretation of Matthew 7:6?

6“Do not give dogs what is holy, and do not throw your pearls before pigs, lest they trample them underfoot and turn to attack you. ESV Popular interpretations of this verse do not seem to fit ...
9
votes
5answers
9k views

Why is Daniel Chapter 2:4 - 7:28 written in Aramaic?

Question is straightforward: Why is part of Daniel written in Hebrew but a middle section written in Aramaic?
3
votes
0answers
21 views

What does “overlooked” mean in Acts 17:30

Paul, after reasoning about idolatry in Athens, states: Therefore, although God has overlooked such times of ignorance, he now commands all people everywhere to repent, because he has set a day ...
5
votes
1answer
46 views

In Revelation 13:8, should “ἀπὸ καταβολῆς κόσμου” be translated “from” or “before” the foundation of the world?

The phrase ἀπὸ καταβολῆς κόσμου is generally translated from the foundation of the world, and is translated this way in all occurrences of the phrase in the ESV, except in Revelation 13:8: and all ...
7
votes
2answers
299 views

What are the translations of the Greek word μονογενής in Ancient Versions?Is it “only” or “only-begotten”?

What are the translations of the Greek word μονογενής in Ancient Versions? What are the rendering of μονογενής into Ancient Versions of the *NT passages? Hebrew Arabic: Ethiopic: Syriac ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

In 1 Corinthians 15:3 is Paul saying that he was taught the significance of the death and resurrection of Jesus by men?

Paul recounts: ESV: 1Co 15:1 Now I would remind you, brothers, of the gospel I preached to you, which you received, in which you stand, 1Co 15:2 and by which you are being saved, if you ...
-1
votes
1answer
29 views

Can the devil listen our thoughts? [on hold]

I been thinking about that a while, and everybody I ask can't give me an straight answer. Can the devil listen to our thoughts? Because it seems illogical that if the mind is the battlefield of the ...
4
votes
1answer
50 views

What are the steps to overcoming in Revelation 12:11?

Revelation 12:11 (ESV) And they have conquered him by the blood of the Lamb and by the word of their testimony, for they loved not their lives even unto death. The Greek uses kai dia for the ...
2
votes
0answers
18 views

In Sirach 51:10, who is “[the] lord” and who is “[the] father of my lord”?

Brenton translates: Sir 51:10 I called upon [the] Lord, [the] Father of my Lord, that he would not leave me in the days of my trouble, and in the time of the proud, when there was no help. ...
1
vote
2answers
24 views

Romans 2:12-16 Pagan Gentiles or Christian Gentiles

Is the following passage concerning pagan gentiles or Christian gentiles? For as many as have sinned without law shall also perish without the law: and as many as have sinned under the law shall ...
6
votes
2answers
66 views

What does 'entreat' mean in 1 Corinthians 4:13?

1 Corinthians 4:13: 'being defamed, we entreat.' In Greek: 'δυσφημούμενοι παρακαλοῦμεν'. In modern Greek, we say παρακαλο ('parakalo') to mean you're welcome (in response to 'thank you'). In Koine ...
5
votes
2answers
131 views

Is there a hint in any of Evangelions why Jesus was crucified so close to Sabbath?

There's a passage in St. John's Evangelion: 31 Since it was the day of Preparation, the Jews did not want the bodies left on the cross during the sabbath, especially because that sabbath was a day ...
3
votes
1answer
54 views

In Mark 14:34, is Jesus “sad about death”, “so sad he could die” or “going to be sad until he dies”?

In Mark 14:34, is Jesus "sad about death", "so sad he could die" or "going to be sad until he dies"? Mar 14:34 And he said to them, "My soul is very sorrowful, even to death. Remain here and ...
1
vote
1answer
26 views

Does Acts 9 suggest that Paul received his gospel from Ananias?

What is the point of Paul's stay with Ananias? Act 9:6 But rise and enter the city, and you will be told what you are to do." ... Act 9:15 But the Lord said to him, "Go, for he is a chosen ...

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