Questions focused on the meaning or use of an individual word across a body of writing.

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11
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4answers
1k views

Does Peter intend to identify the Pauline Epistles as canonical?

In 2 Peter 3:15-16, Peters states: And count the patience of our Lord as salvation, just as our beloved brother Paul also wrote to you according to the wisdom given him, as he does in all his ...
3
votes
4answers
346 views

What is the meaning of the Greek word λόγος in John 1:1?

ΕΝ ΑΡΧΗ ἦν ὁ λόγος, καὶ ὁ λόγος ἦν πρὸς τὸν θεόν, καὶ θεὸς ἦν ὁ λόγος. John 1:1 (Westcott and Hort 1881) The Greek word λόγος has more than one meaning. It means 'word','speech','divine ...
1
vote
3answers
2k views

What does the word 'idols' mean in 1 John 5:21 and what exactly is idolatry?

'Little children, guard yourselves from idols' (1 John 5:21). What was John's meaning? Did he mean, "Be careful not to end up in the local pagan temple" or does he intend to convey another type of ...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

“In A Beginning” vs. “In THE beginning”? Different implications?

Possibly the most famous phrase in the Hebrew Bible is: "In the beginning." Anyone can recite it without ever having read the Hebrew Bible. But is that the accurate translation? With a background in ...
6
votes
6answers
23k views

What is the difference between hope and faith?

Since the words "faith" and "hope" are used side-by-side and in ways that faith (πίστις) is built on hope (ἐλπίς), they shouldn't have the same meaning. 1 Corinthians 13:13 And now these three ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

Luke 5:39- KJV “bottles” vs. NKJV “winskins”?

WHY does King James Version use word "bottles " in Luke 5:39 and not wine skins?
3
votes
3answers
448 views

John 14:2, why “dwelling places” in NABRE

Two translations of John 14:2. In my Father’s house there are many dwelling places. If there were not, would I have told you that I am going to prepare a place for you? (NABRE) In my Father'...
1
vote
3answers
119 views

Is the meaning of the word 'spirit' in Luke 23:46 the same as in John 16:26?

When Jesus died on the cross he said : 'In your hands I commend my spirit.'(Luke 23:46). In John 16:13 (and others) Jesus says that He will send the Spirit which comes from the Father, the ...
2
votes
3answers
533 views

What is “sackcloth” in Revelation 11:3?

In Revelation 11:3 is written: "And I will grant authority to my two witnesses, and they will prophesy for twelve hundred and sixty days, clothed in sackcloth." (Revelation 11:3, NASB, emphasis ...
10
votes
1answer
505 views

What are some examples of drug use in Paul's day that would describe what would be considered pharmakeia/sorcery as he lists it in Galatians 5:20?

In Galatians 5:20, among the deeds of the flesh, Paul lists "pharmakeia," which, as i understand, is commonly translated as sorcery or witchcraft, referring to the use or administering of drugs or ...
7
votes
2answers
3k views

Does the Hebrew word “olam“ mean “forever” in Leviticus 23:41?

Several passages refer to keeping a feast as a statute forever. For instance, Exodus 12:14 reads: “This day shall be for you a memorial day, and you shall keep it as a feast to the Lord; ...
2
votes
0answers
29 views

מָקוֹר - Why would we interpret 'maqor' as a “fountain”?

The Hebrew term maqor / מָקוֹר (Heb. 4726) has 18 occurrences in the biblical text, and is traditionally rendered 'fountain' in most passages, from KJV (below) right through ESV and HCSB: Psalm 36:...
0
votes
1answer
64 views

Did Chrysostom's Text Say a “Double Sabbath” was One Day? or Two?

Related: - What does sabbaton deuteroproton in Luke 6:1 refer to? - Do Idioms Used in the Crucifixion Narrative Resolve the "3 Day/3 Night" Objections? 1. Question: Homilies on ...
8
votes
1answer
61 views

Addressing someone as “epistates” (Ἐπιστάτα)

In the New Testament the Greek word used for 'Lord' is often 'kurios' or 'Kyrie', a transliteration of Greek Κύριε (Kyrie), vocative case of Κύριος (Kyrios). I understand and believe the ...
0
votes
1answer
96 views

In Luke 23:54 - Was Jesus Entombed Right Before the Sabbath Dawn?

Related: - The meaning of παρασκευή ('day of preparation') - Re. The Passover: Why do Christians Assert the Calendar Day Began at Sunset? - Re. The Crucifixion: Possible to Correlate ...
12
votes
5answers
8k views

What is the “Water” of Genesis 1:2?

We read in the creation account: The earth was without form and void, and darkness was over the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters.—Genesis 1:2 (...
8
votes
2answers
83 views

Angel or messenger?

Often, it is clear from context whether מלאך and αγγελος refer to a human messenger or an angelic messenger. For example, if a מלאך or αγγελος is sent by a human, then the messenger is likely human. ...
16
votes
6answers
14k views

Translation of “abba” (Αββα, אבא)

What is the best English translation of abba (Greek: Αββα, Aramaic: אבא) such as in Romans 8:15? What are its senses in the original languages, and are those best captured by father, dad, daddy, or ...
15
votes
2answers
834 views

Could Philippians 4:3 refer to Paul's wife?

Philippians 4:3 reads: ναὶ ἐρωτῶ καὶ σέ, γνήσιε σύζυγε*, συνλαμβάνου αὐταῖς, αἵτινες ἐν τῷ εὐαγγελίῳ συνήθλησάν μοι μετὰ καὶ Κλήμεντος καὶ τῶν λοιπῶν συνεργῶν μου, ὧν τὰ ὀνόματα ἐν βίβλῳ ζωῆς. (...
6
votes
3answers
711 views

Does Isaiah 7:14 refer to a virgin?

There have been quite a few debates on why the word παρθένος (“virgin”) is used in the Septuagint of Isaiah 7:14 when translating the Hebrew word עלמה ("a young maiden”).1 For context let us go ...
2
votes
4answers
1k views

The word “expanse” in Genesis 1:6-8

In reading Genesis 1:6-8, my understanding from Genesis 1:6 was that the contextual meaning of "the expanse" was a land that separates waters from waters. In 1:7 it seems to be about separation of ...
4
votes
1answer
165 views

Are the 7 appearances of “Jehovah” in the KJV significant or random?

Why did Tyndale (and later, the KJV translating committees) keep Jewish tradition by translating the Tetragrammaton as LORD thousands of times, but make exceptions by translating it as "Jehovah" only ...
3
votes
2answers
80 views

What did the label “abomination” indicate in Egyptian society?

The word תּוֹעֵבָה (tôʿēbâ, "abomination") is very common in the Hebrew Bible, usually designating breaches of covenant stipulations which are tôʿēbâ in the sight of YHWH. These uses are concentrated ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Narrative and Liteary features of Hermenutics - what are they ?

As a beginner in Hermenutics! I have come across various terms and topics which have initially caused confusion and frustration. A certain term which cause this was 'liteary and narrative features'. ...
-2
votes
0answers
43 views

Does Jesus mean a branch when he says sword in Matthew 10.34? [closed]

Was Jesus figuratively speaking of a branch in Matthew 10.34 referring to Deuteronomy 20.10 to make peace with nations far off? Matthew 10.34 "Do not think I come to send peace, I come not to send ...
3
votes
0answers
24 views

What does “overlooked” mean in Acts 17:30

Paul, after reasoning about idolatry in Athens, states: Therefore, although God has overlooked such times of ignorance, he now commands all people everywhere to repent, because he has set a day ...
5
votes
2answers
68 views

Zechariah 11:12-13 - What's the significance of casting silver to the potter?

"Then I said to them, “If it seems good to you, give me my wages; but if not, keep them.” And they weighed out as my wages thirty pieces of silver. Then the Lord said to me, “Throw it to the potter” — ...
1
vote
1answer
71 views

What is the significance of Acts 10:13, 11:7 “make sacrificial slaughter”

The verses say, και εγενετο φωνη προς αυτον αναστας πετρε θυσον και φαγε and became a sound/voice to him arise Peter make-sacrificial-slaughter and eat
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Do the qualifications of an overseer (ἐπίσκοπος) and the Ephesians 4:11 gift of pastor/teacher make them interchangeable or just related?

Peter encourages elders in 1 Peter 5:2 to ποιμάνατε (be shepherds). Paul instructs Timothy to install elders with qualifications listed in 1 Timothy 3:2 that include διδακτικόν (apt to teach). In ...
1
vote
2answers
66 views

Did David become Saul's armor bearer before or after he killed Goliath?

In 1st Sam 16:17-23 Saul sent for David However in 1st Sam 17:55-56 after he killed Goliath Saul asks Abner who he was In 1st Sam 18:2 he did not let him return home
6
votes
1answer
50 views

In Matt. 26:28, should πολλῶν be translated as [for] “many” or “the masses”?

Is the translation “the many” in verses such as the following an accurate translation of the Greek word πολλῶν? 28 for this is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the ...
6
votes
3answers
95 views

What does the word harpagmos mean in Philippians 2:6

MOUNCE renders it: who, although he was in the form of God, did not regard equality with God a thing to be grasped, Westcott and Hort / [NA27 variants] ὃς ἐν μορφῇ θεοῦ ὑπάρχων οὐχ ...
3
votes
3answers
133 views

What does the Greek word υποστασεως mean in Hebrews 1:3?

The Greek word υποστασεως has more than one meaning like nature, person, confidence, reality, title-deed and so on (source). What does the Greek word υποστασεως really mean in Hebrews 1:3? What is ...
3
votes
1answer
88 views

What does the Greek word μαλακιαν mean in Isaiah 53:3 (LXX)?

Isaiah 53:3 (LXX) ἀλλὰ τὸ εἶδος αὐτοῦ ἄτιμον ἐκλεῖπον παρὰ πάντας ἀνθρώπους ἄνθρωπος ἐν πληγῇ ὢν καὶ εἰδὼς φέρειν μαλακίαν ὅτι ἀπέστραπται τὸ πρόσωπον αὐτοῦ ἠτιμάσθη καὶ οὐκ ἐλογίσθη What ...
7
votes
3answers
13k views

What are the “stones of fire” in Ezekiel 28?

An interesting phrase occurs in Ezekiel 28:14: You were an anointed guardian cherub. I placed you; you were on the holy mountain of God; in the midst of the stones of fire you walked. and again ...
4
votes
1answer
344 views

Is conscience (συνείδησις) a particularly Pauline idea?

At the end of Hebrews (13:18) Autor petitions his hearers: "Pray for us, for we are sure that we have a clear conscience, desiring to act honorably in all things." (ESV) I was reading this recently ...
17
votes
4answers
15k views

What translation best translates the word “vanity” (in the KJV) in Ecclesiastes?

The word "vanity" (KJV) in Ecclesiastes was translated (possibly incorrectly) in the NIV as "meaningless". Is "vanity" the best translation for the Hebrew word hebel (Strongs 1892) or does a newer ...
12
votes
6answers
12k views

What was meant by “paradise” when Jesus spoke to the thief on the cross?

As he was crucified, Jesus engaged in a conversation with one of the other thieves hung along side him. at the end is this pronouncement: Luke 23:43 (ESV) 43 And he said to him, "Truly, I say to ...
2
votes
2answers
188 views

What is meant by “for salvation without reference to sin” in Hebrews 9:28?

I'm curious about the Greek (χωρὶς ἁμαρτίας) which NASB translates as "without reference to sin" here: so Christ also, having been offered once to bear the sins of many, will appear a second time ...
12
votes
7answers
22k views

What did Jesus mean by “be perfect” in the Sermon on the Mount?

I asked this on the Christianity Stack Exchange site, and they told me it would be better here. So I here I am asking it... Therefore you shall be perfect, just as your Father in heaven is perfect....
5
votes
5answers
9k views

What is a “quickening spirit” (1 Cor 15:45) and how is it different from a “living soul”?

1st Corinthians makes a distinction between the first Adam and Jesus Christ and it also distinguishes between the soul and the spirit. What does the expression a "quickening spirit" mean here and how ...
7
votes
3answers
228 views

What does it mean “to quench” in 1 Thessalonians 5:19?

In 1 Thessalonians 5:19 we read: Quench not the Spirit. (KJV) According to Strong's, "Quench" is the word 4570 σβέννυμι, which means "I extinguish, quench, I suppress, thwart." The dictionary ...
9
votes
4answers
552 views

What is meant by “rightly dividing the word of truth”?

In 2 Tim 2:15 we read: KJV Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth. SBLGNT σπούδασον σεαυτὸν δόκιμον ...
7
votes
1answer
138 views

Judges 3:9 and the meaning of זעק

In Judges 3:9 we read: “When the children of Israel cried out to the LORD, the LORD raised up a deliverer for the children of Israel, who delivered them: Othniel the son of Kenaz, Caleb's ...
5
votes
2answers
104 views

What does the “rod of an almond tree” in Jer 1:11 refer to?

In Jeremiah 1:11, what does the "rod of an almond tree" refer to? 11 Moreover the word of the Lord came to me, saying, “Jeremiah, what do you see?” And I said, “I see a branch of an almond tree.”...
4
votes
0answers
48 views

In the Gospels, Can “Day of:” the Passover - be Interpreted Idiomatically?

Related: - The Correct Research Methodology To Substantiate If an Expression is an Idiom? - Was the Last Supper Actually a Passover Feast? - The meaning of παρασκευή ('day of preparation') - ...
2
votes
0answers
56 views

In Luke 22:16: Does the Syntax Indicate if Jesus Was not Going to Eat THAT Passover?

Related: - Is there any significance to using φάγω vs ἐσθίω? - In Luke 22, How Should Prepare and Eat - be Translated from the Aorist Subjunctive? - Was the Last Supper Actually a Passover Feast? ...
6
votes
1answer
121 views

Does Psalm 72:13 mean “lives” or “souls?”

Young's Literal Translation and KJV say in Psalm 72:13 that Solomon will save the "souls" of the needy. Revised Standard Version Catholic Edition, NIV say Solomon will "save the needy from death." ...
3
votes
1answer
77 views

In Luke 2:34-35, Is Simeon's Dedication Blessing Sympathetic towards Mary, or Against Her?

Related To: "In Luke 2, Whose Soul is Simeon Suggesting Will be “Pierced”?", (SE Link). The Question Given the context and contents of Simeon's "blessing" at Jesus' dedication - Is there textual ...
14
votes
4answers
339 views

The lexicology of Pharaoh's heart

In the narrative of Exodus 4-14 (spanning from the time of Moses's initial assignment until the crossing of the Red Sea), there are three different verbs used to describe the action against and/or the ...