Questions focused on the meaning or use of an individual word across a body of writing.

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7
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2answers
122 views

What does it mean “to quench” in 1 Thessalonians 5:19?

In 1 Thessalonians 5:19 we read: Quench not the Spirit. (KJV) According to Strong's, "Quench" is the word 4570 σβέννυμι, which means "I extinguish, quench, I suppress, thwart." The dictionary ...
3
votes
1answer
101 views

What does the Greek word διὸ mean in Philippians 2:9?

Therefore God has highly exalted him and bestowed on him the name that is above every name, Philippians 2:9 (ESV) Westcott and Hort 1881 διὸ καὶ ὁ θεὸς αὐτὸν ὑπερύψωσεν, καὶ ...
-2
votes
3answers
180 views

Philippians 2:12 - How should κατεργάζεσθε be translated?

Question In Phil 2:12, How should "Work" be translated, and why is "Out" injected? Setting aside doctrinal presuppositions of faith/work/eternal salvation -- Phil 2:12, NASB - 12 So then, my ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

Hebrews 12:2 - Any Other Translations For “Enduring” the Cross?

Question In Hebrews 12:2, are there any alternate translation choices for endured, (ὑπομένω) -- that connote "Firmly Resolved to Face", as in the sense of bearing down to face a profound challenge -- ...
2
votes
1answer
60 views

In Luke 2:34-35, Is Simeon's Dedication Blessing Sympathetic towards Mary, or Against Her?

Related To: "In Luke 2, Whose Soul is Simeon Suggesting Will be “Pierced”?", (SE Link). The Question Given the context and contents of Simeon's "blessing" at Jesus' dedication - Is there textual ...
6
votes
7answers
14k views

What is the difference between hope and faith?

Since the words "faith" and "hope" are used side-by-side and in ways that faith (πίστις) is built on hope (ἐλπίς), they shouldn't have the same meaning. 1 Corinthians 13:13 And now these three ...
11
votes
7answers
16k views

What did Jesus mean by “be perfect” in the Sermon on the Mount?

I asked this on the Christianity Stack Exchange site, and they told me it would be better here. So I here I am asking it... Therefore you shall be perfect, just as your Father in heaven is ...
7
votes
5answers
3k views

Who is being slandered in 2 Peter 2:10b-11?

There are a number of interrelated questions I have arising from 2 Peter 2:10-11. Here are a pair of translations of the relevant verses (emphasis mine): NIV: Bold and arrogant, they are not ...
4
votes
1answer
76 views

Does gēs in Matthew 24:30 refer to all the earth, or a particular location?

Matthew 24:30 (ESV), a part of the Olivet Discourse, reads: Then will appear in heaven the sign of the Son of Man, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the Son of Man ...
3
votes
2answers
127 views

Is there any evidence that 'knei bosem' is cannabis or ganja?

Some sites claim that kaneh bosem from Exodus 30:23 is ganja. I've seen this verse translated variously as: fragrant calamus aromatic cane (from cane balsm) sweet calamus fragrant reeds However, ...
6
votes
5answers
580 views

Can “Yom” in Genesis 1 be translated as an “aeon/age”?

Can Yom in Genesis 1 be translated "aeon" meaning "an age"? What is its semantic range? I have read a few translations which translated days as: "From darkness to light, the sixth creation phase" and ...
8
votes
6answers
1k views

What evidence is there that “morphe theou” in Philippians 2:6 means “God's nature”?

Is there any evidence that μορφῇ θεοῦ (morphe theou) in Philippians 2:6 means the "nature" of God the Father? ὃς ἐν μορφῇ θεοῦ ὑπάρχων οὐχ ἁρπαγμὸν ἡγήσατο τὸ εἶναι ἴσα θεῷ, — SBLGNT Several ...
3
votes
5answers
203 views

Is the best translation for the Hebrew “rēaʿ” the common English “neighbor”?

The word רֵעַ rēaʿ is normally translated as "neighbor". Some Jewish friends told me it means "buddy/comrades" instead. For example, 1 Samuel 28:17 in the NET translation reads: The LORD has done ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

What would be a good translation of 'poiēma'?

Two verses use the Greek ποίημα (G4161): For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly seen, being understood through what ...
10
votes
2answers
313 views

What factors define meaning of “little ones” in Deuteronomy?

In Deu. 20:13-14, it is written, 13 And when the Lord your God gives it into your hand, you shall put all its males to the sword, 14 but the women and the little ones, the livestock, and ...
9
votes
4answers
363 views

What does Jesus mean when he says “blessed” in the Beatitudes of Matthew 5?

I ask this as blessed can mean many things. Eternal life, financial wealth, health, having kids, having a job, being happy, etc. Blessings seem to be very broad, so I'd like to see if anyone can ...
13
votes
5answers
13k views

Translation of “abba” (Αββα, אבא)

What is the best English translation of abba (Greek: Αββα, Aramaic: אבא) such as in Romans 8:15? What are its senses in the original languages, and are those best captured by father, dad, daddy, or ...
9
votes
2answers
319 views

How did “Sirens” arise in the Septuagint translation of Isaiah 13:21?

I am reading in the book of Isaiah at chapter 13 verse 21 in the King James Bible , and I notice in this bible, and in other English bible translations, that owls and jackals are commonly mentioned. ...
1
vote
2answers
158 views

What is the meaning of the Greek word λόγος in John 1:1?

ΕΝ ΑΡΧΗ ἦν ὁ λόγος, καὶ ὁ λόγος ἦν πρὸς τὸν θεόν, καὶ θεὸς ἦν ὁ λόγος. John 1:1 (Westcott and Hort 1881) The Greek word λόγος has more than one meaning. It means 'word','speech','divine ...
13
votes
5answers
255 views

Is there a difference between “the devil” and “Satan” in the Synoptic Gospels?

While answering a question about the words σατανᾶς (satanas, Satan – transliterated from Hebrew śāṭān) and διάβολος (diabolos, devil) in the New Testament, I ran into another question for which ...
7
votes
1answer
107 views

Was Zechariah simply mute, or deaf as well?

In Luke 1 (ESV), Zechariah the priest is rendered mute for his lack of faith: 19 And the angel answered him, “I am Gabriel. I stand in the presence of God, and I was sent to speak to you and to ...
19
votes
3answers
14k views

Was “Τετέλεσται” actually stamped on paid bills and debt certificates in the first century?

I've often heard some really cool explanations around the meaning for the greek word Τετέλεσται in the New Testament where Jesus said, "It is Finished". I love what I've heard, and have even preached ...
7
votes
5answers
1k views

What basis do we have for defining Sabbatismos in Hebrews 4:9?

The word, Sabbatismos occurs in the Greek NT only once. Strongest Strong's defines it as Sabbath rest; Sabbath observance. Thayer's/Strong's defines it as a Sabbath keeping. Various English ...
7
votes
1answer
360 views

What does λῃστής [= lēstēs] mean in Mark 11:17?

Mark 11:17 reads (NET emphasis mine): καὶ ἐδίδασκεν καὶ ἔλεγεν αὐτοῖς· οὐ γέγραπται ὅτι ὁ οἶκος μου οἶκος προσευχῆς κληθήσεται πᾶσιν τοῖς ἔθνεσιν; ὑμεῖς δὲ πεποιήκατε αὐτὸν σπήλαιον λῃστῶν. ...
6
votes
1answer
730 views

What did Satan mean, when he replied to God, “Skin for Skin”?

In the Book of Job, after Job has went through his first test from Satan there is another gathering in Heaven and, once again, Satan is there (Job 2:1-3). The result of this gathering is that Job will ...
5
votes
3answers
344 views

What are the many Sabbaths referred to in scripture?

As I was studying this morning, I came across Ezekiel 20:12 Moreover also I gave them my sabbaths, to be a sign between me and them, that they might know that I am the Lord that sanctify them. ...
16
votes
4answers
13k views

What translation best translates the word “vanity” (in the KJV) in Ecclesiastes?

The word "vanity" (KJV) in Ecclesiastes was translated (possibly incorrectly) in the NIV as "meaningless". Is "vanity" the best translation for the Hebrew word hebel (Strongs 1892) or does a newer ...
14
votes
2answers
174 views

Why does Job use “bless” to mean “curse”?

This is bizarre to me, and as far as I can find HALOT (a Hebrew lexicon) doesn't even mention it.1 There are 8 instances of brk – the normal word for "bless" – in Job.2 The ESV is ...
7
votes
3answers
160 views

What is the difference between ζωὴ and ψυχὴ?

The word "life" appears in most translations of John 12:25 three times. For example, in the ESV: Whoever loves his life loses it, and whoever hates his life in this world will keep it for eternal ...
5
votes
3answers
104 views

What does the phrase 'ἐν Χριστῷ' in the Pauline Corpus mean?

Therefore, if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creation. The old has passed away; behold, the new has come. 2 Corinthians 5:17 (ESV) For as in Adam all die, so also in Christ shall all ...
4
votes
1answer
64 views

Is there any significance to using φάγω vs ἐσθίω?

Matthew (for one example) uses two different words for eating, and I'm trying to figure out if there's any difference in meaning. In Matthew 12:1, he uses ἐσθίω: ...and His disciples were hungry, ...
6
votes
1answer
99 views

Does Psalm 72:13 mean “lives” or “souls?”

Young's Literal Translation and KJV say in Psalm 72:13 that Solomon will save the "souls" of the needy. Revised Standard Version Catholic Edition, NIV say Solomon will "save the needy from death." ...
2
votes
1answer
135 views

What is the “Glory” that the Kings of the earth bring into the “New Jerusalem”?

I am reading in the book of Revelation (ESV bible) about "The New Jerusalem," Chapter 21:22-27 and it is written, And I saw no temple in the city, for its temple is the Lord God the Almighty and ...
7
votes
1answer
65 views

Terminology of “goodness” in Romans 7

There are two different words translated "good" or "right" in Romans 7: ἀγαθός and καλός. I'm trying to determine whether there is any distinction intended. I realize that the "basic" sense (or at ...
14
votes
2answers
718 views

Could Philippians 4:3 refer to Paul's wife?

Philippians 4:3 reads: ναὶ ἐρωτῶ καὶ σέ, γνήσιε σύζυγε*, συνλαμβάνου αὐταῖς, αἵτινες ἐν τῷ εὐαγγελίῳ συνήθλησάν μοι μετὰ καὶ Κλήμεντος καὶ τῶν λοιπῶν συνεργῶν μου, ὧν τὰ ὀνόματα ἐν βίβλῳ ζωῆς. ...
2
votes
1answer
64 views

Why does Paul use the expression “fear and trembling” instead of simply “fear”?

On several occasions Paul used the words "Fear & Trembling" (Phil 2:12; 2 Corinthians 7:15; 1 Corinthians 2:3). This is often explained as reverence/respect, but why use both word when "fear" can ...
2
votes
1answer
4k views

Are the words “wife” and “woman” the same in Hebrew and Greek?

This question is related to one on Christianity.SE. Some say they are. Hence Jesus prohibition against looking at women with lust (as in Matthew 5:27-28) could mean prohibition against looking at ...
4
votes
4answers
5k views
4
votes
1answer
53 views

Is there precedent (perhaps in Jewish tradition) for the usage of “Rabboni,” which is solely found consistently in John 10:26?

John 10:26 New International Version Jesus said to her, "Mary." She turned toward him and cried out in Aramaic, "Rabboni!" (which means "Teacher"). New Living Translation "Mary!" Jesus ...
2
votes
1answer
159 views

John 6:45 - What is the meaning of «διδακτοὶ τοῦ θεοῦ»?

In John 6:45, it is written, ἔστιν γεγραμμένον ἐν τοῖς προφήταις Καὶ ἔσονται πάντες διδακτοὶ τοῦ θεοῦ πᾶς οὖν ὁ ἀκούσας παρὰ τοῦ πατρὸς καὶ μαθὼν ἔρχεται πρὸς με TR, 1550 The Lord Jesus Christ ...
1
vote
2answers
109 views

What does the Greek word ὁμοιοπαθής mean in Acts 14:15?

The Greek word ὁμοιοπαθής is a compound word. It came from two words: ὅμοιος (like/similar)and πάσχω (feelings/strong emotion). Why, then, the NASB translate it as 'of same nature' and why, then, the ...
3
votes
1answer
102 views

What is stronger: רשע (rasha`, “wicked”) or חטא (chatta', “sinner”) in the Hebrew Bible?

I have a question about the following words: רשע (rasha`), generally translated as "wicked" or "ungodly". 263 occurences in the OT. חטא (chatta'), generally translated as "sinner". 256 occurences ...
3
votes
1answer
66 views

Could foreign peoples (non Israelite) serve as priests in the temple?

In reading Isaiah 56:6,7, it seems to indicate the allowance of foreign peoples serving as priests at the temple. This, it seems, would be in direct contradiction to the Levitical priesthood. The word ...
5
votes
3answers
172 views

Is κεχαριτωμένη synonymous with πλήρης χάριτος?

Is κεχαριτωμένη synonymous with πλήρης χάριτος? Why did Jerome translate the Greek word κεχαριτωμένη into Latin as gratia plena (full of grace) in Luke 1:28? καὶ εἰσελθὼν πρὸς αὐτὴν εἶπεν Χαῖρε, ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

ἱλαστήριον outside the New Testament and Jewish/Christian Theology [duplicate]

Are you aware of the word ἱλαστήριον (hilasterion; propitiation) appearing anywhere outside the New Testament specifically among Classical or Pagan writers? If so, do any of these non-Jewish/Christian ...
3
votes
1answer
195 views

What is the significance of the “upper room” in Acts 1:13?

Acts 1:13 (in the KJV) mentions an "upper room": And when they were come in, they went up into an upper room, where abode both Peter, and James, and John, and Andrew, Philip, and Thomas, ...
4
votes
1answer
76 views

In Luke 6-7, What is the Difference Between the Three Greek Words for “Forgive”?

Question In Luke 6-7, What is the Difference Between the Three Greek Words for "Forgive"? How should these differences impact the interpretation of the text? Is it simply that different terms ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

What does the Greek word μεριμνᾶτε mean in Philippians 4:6?

The ESV translation of Philippians 4:6 reads: Do not be anxious about anything, but in everything by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving let your requests be made known to God. If the ...
9
votes
2answers
6k views

What is the “Water” of Genesis 1:2?

We read in the creation account: The earth was without form and void, and darkness was over the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters.—Genesis 1:2 ...
1
vote
0answers
48 views

What does the Greek word υποστασεως mean in Hebrews 1:3?

The Greek word υποστασεως has more than one meaning like nature, person, confidence, reality, title-deed and so on (source). What does the Greek word υποστασεως really mean in Hebrews 1:3? What is ...