Questions focused on the meaning or use of an individual word across a body of writing.

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5
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3answers
126 views

What does the phrase 'ἐν Χριστῷ' in the Pauline Corpus mean?

Therefore, if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creation. The old has passed away; behold, the new has come. 2 Corinthians 5:17 (ESV) For as in Adam all die, so also in Christ shall all ...
4
votes
1answer
75 views

Is there any significance to using φάγω vs ἐσθίω?

Matthew (for one example) uses two different words for eating, and I'm trying to figure out if there's any difference in meaning. In Matthew 12:1, he uses ἐσθίω: ...and His disciples were hungry, ...
2
votes
1answer
162 views

What is the “Glory” that the Kings of the earth bring into the “New Jerusalem”?

I am reading in the book of Revelation (ESV bible) about "The New Jerusalem," Chapter 21:22-27 and it is written, And I saw no temple in the city, for its temple is the Lord God the Almighty and ...
7
votes
1answer
71 views

Terminology of “goodness” in Romans 7

There are two different words translated "good" or "right" in Romans 7: ἀγαθός and καλός. I'm trying to determine whether there is any distinction intended. I realize that the "basic" sense (or at ...
15
votes
2answers
739 views

Could Philippians 4:3 refer to Paul's wife?

Philippians 4:3 reads: ναὶ ἐρωτῶ καὶ σέ, γνήσιε σύζυγε*, συνλαμβάνου αὐταῖς, αἵτινες ἐν τῷ εὐαγγελίῳ συνήθλησάν μοι μετὰ καὶ Κλήμεντος καὶ τῶν λοιπῶν συνεργῶν μου, ὧν τὰ ὀνόματα ἐν βίβλῳ ζωῆς. ...
2
votes
1answer
74 views

Why does Paul use the expression “fear and trembling” instead of simply “fear”?

On several occasions Paul used the words "Fear & Trembling" (Phil 2:12; 2 Corinthians 7:15; 1 Corinthians 2:3). This is often explained as reverence/respect, but why use both word when "fear" can ...
2
votes
1answer
5k views

Are the words “wife” and “woman” the same in Hebrew and Greek?

This question is related to one on Christianity.SE. Some say they are. Hence Jesus prohibition against looking at women with lust (as in Matthew 5:27-28) could mean prohibition against looking at ...
4
votes
4answers
7k views
4
votes
1answer
64 views

Is there precedent (perhaps in Jewish tradition) for the usage of “Rabboni,” which is solely found consistently in John 10:26?

John 10:26 New International Version Jesus said to her, "Mary." She turned toward him and cried out in Aramaic, "Rabboni!" (which means "Teacher"). New Living Translation "Mary!" Jesus ...
3
votes
1answer
184 views

John 6:45 - What is the meaning of «διδακτοὶ τοῦ θεοῦ»?

In John 6:45, it is written, ἔστιν γεγραμμένον ἐν τοῖς προφήταις Καὶ ἔσονται πάντες διδακτοὶ τοῦ θεοῦ πᾶς οὖν ὁ ἀκούσας παρὰ τοῦ πατρὸς καὶ μαθὼν ἔρχεται πρὸς με TR, 1550 The Lord Jesus Christ ...
1
vote
2answers
120 views

What does the Greek word ὁμοιοπαθής mean in Acts 14:15?

The Greek word ὁμοιοπαθής is a compound word. It came from two words: ὅμοιος (like/similar)and πάσχω (feelings/strong emotion). Why, then, the NASB translate it as 'of same nature' and why, then, the ...
3
votes
1answer
125 views

What is stronger: רשע (rasha`, “wicked”) or חטא (chatta', “sinner”) in the Hebrew Bible?

I have a question about the following words: רשע (rasha`), generally translated as "wicked" or "ungodly". 263 occurences in the OT. חטא (chatta'), generally translated as "sinner". 256 occurences ...
3
votes
1answer
69 views

Could foreign peoples (non Israelite) serve as priests in the temple?

In reading Isaiah 56:6,7, it seems to indicate the allowance of foreign peoples serving as priests at the temple. This, it seems, would be in direct contradiction to the Levitical priesthood. The word ...
5
votes
3answers
198 views

Is κεχαριτωμένη synonymous with πλήρης χάριτος?

Is κεχαριτωμένη synonymous with πλήρης χάριτος? Why did Jerome translate the Greek word κεχαριτωμένη into Latin as gratia plena (full of grace) in Luke 1:28? καὶ εἰσελθὼν πρὸς αὐτὴν εἶπεν Χαῖρε, ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

ἱλαστήριον outside the New Testament and Jewish/Christian Theology [duplicate]

Are you aware of the word ἱλαστήριον (hilasterion; propitiation) appearing anywhere outside the New Testament specifically among Classical or Pagan writers? If so, do any of these non-Jewish/Christian ...
3
votes
1answer
278 views

What is the significance of the “upper room” in Acts 1:13?

Acts 1:13 (in the KJV) mentions an "upper room": And when they were come in, they went up into an upper room, where abode both Peter, and James, and John, and Andrew, Philip, and Thomas, ...
4
votes
1answer
91 views

In Luke 6-7, What is the Difference Between the Three Greek Words for “Forgive”?

Question In Luke 6-7, What is the Difference Between the Three Greek Words for "Forgive"? How should these differences impact the interpretation of the text? Is it simply that different terms ...
1
vote
0answers
57 views

What does the Greek word μεριμνᾶτε mean in Philippians 4:6?

The ESV translation of Philippians 4:6 reads: Do not be anxious about anything, but in everything by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving let your requests be made known to God. If the ...
1
vote
0answers
50 views

What does the Greek word υποστασεως mean in Hebrews 1:3?

The Greek word υποστασεως has more than one meaning like nature, person, confidence, reality, title-deed and so on (source). What does the Greek word υποστασεως really mean in Hebrews 1:3? What is ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

What does the word 'idols' mean in 1 John 5:21 and what exactly is idolatry?

'Little children, guard yourselves from idols' (1 John 5:21). What was John's meaning? Did he mean, "Be careful not to end up in the local pagan temple" or does he intend to convey another type ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

What is the significance of Acts 10:13, 11:7 “make sacrificial slaughter”

The verses say, και εγενετο φωνη προς αυτον αναστας πετρε θυσον και φαγε and became a sound/voice to him arise Peter make-sacrificial-slaughter and eat
5
votes
1answer
90 views

The meaning and reference to מוג in Amos 9:13 related to that of Amos 9:5

Comparison of Translations A number of major translations (KJV, NKJV, ESV, NASB, NIV, YLT) of Amos 9:5 have מוג (mûḡ) translated as "melt," "melts," or "melteth," but I will give the KJV translation ...
8
votes
3answers
782 views

Why does Mark use “immediately” so often?

I noticed while reading Mark 1 that the word immediately (εὐθὺς) is used eleven times in this chapter. When I researched, I found a theory that it may have been Mark's way of portraying Jesus as the ...
2
votes
0answers
118 views

What does the Latin word 'sermo' convey that 'verbum' does not in John 17:17 and John 1:1?

Augustine spoke of Latin MSS (copies of scriptures in Latin) that has 'sermo' instead of 'verbum' in John 17:17 and John 1:1 in his Tractate 108: Finally, He proceeds, and doing so fails not to ...
1
vote
1answer
561 views

αρσενοκοίτης (Arsenokoites): Compound words in Greek

In two texts in The Bible, the word αρσενοκοίτης (Arsenokoites) appears. 1 Corinthians 6:9-11 Or do you not know that the unrighteous will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived; ...
2
votes
0answers
47 views

What is significance of “wife of youth” such as in Malachi, Proverbs, or Isaiah 54?

This phrase appears often and perhaps has different significance than concept of "wife"?
-1
votes
1answer
52 views

Is κεχαριτωμένος synonymous with δεδικαιωμένος?

Jerome translated "ἀνδρὶ κεχαριτωμένῳ" (a man who has been graced) as "homine iustificato" (justified man). Is κεχαριτωμένος synonymous with δεδικαιωμένος? οὐκ ἰδοὺ λόγος ὑπὲρ δόμα ἀγαθόν; καὶ ...
6
votes
3answers
226 views

To what do the “parchments” (and tangentially the “books”) refer in 2 Tim 4:13?

The Scripture in Question In 2 Timothy 4:13 it says this (NKJV): Bring the cloak that I left with Carpus at Troas when you come—and the books, especially the parchments. The Greek is the ...
13
votes
4answers
599 views

In 1 Tim 2:12, how does αὐθεντεῖν (αὐθεντεω) differ from the more commonly used ἐξουσιάζω?

SBLGNT: διδάσκειν δὲ γυναικὶ οὐκ ἐπιτρέπω, οὐδὲ αὐθεντεῖν ἀνδρός, ἀλλ’ εἶναι ἐν ἡσυχίᾳ. From what I can tell, this is the only use of any form of this word (often translated "to exercise ...
11
votes
2answers
2k views

Are bats described as birds?

Leviticus 11:13,19 reads: And these you shall detest among the birds . . . the eagle, the bearded vulture, the black vulture . . . and the bat. (ESV translation) Does the bible describe bats as ...
3
votes
2answers
118 views

Can the Greek word choice underlining “agony” mean “afraid” or “worried” in Luke 22:44?

Although some manuscripts omit Luke 22:44, it has been used along with Hebrews 2:18 to show that Jesus was afraid. It has been proposed that if Jesus was not afraid, then He is not able to help those ...
-3
votes
1answer
2k views

Is the Valley of Hinnom adequately translated as hell?

Transliteration vs. Translation vs.Travesty vs. Allegory Gehenna or Valley of Hinnom or Djennem or Hell? Through the prophecy and book of Jeremiah the Valley of Hinnom (ge hinnom) east of Jerusalem ...
7
votes
1answer
183 views

Understanding of Matthew 25:31

I am reading from the book of Matthew at chapter 25:31 in the NIV bible and the heading is called "The Sheep and the Goats" and reads When the Son of Man comes in his glory, and all the angels ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

Does the word Satan ever show up in the New Testament?

Satan is a Hebrew word that means adversary. The New Testament is written in Greek. So I guess not. It seems that they have another word. Diabolos or something that means the devil. Is that devil ...
1
vote
1answer
93 views

In the New Testament, What is the Origin of “Believe In” and “Believe Into”?

Is there any Extra-Biblical source, (in Classical Greek, or Semitic sources), or a syntactical rule, behind the construction: ["πιστεύων ἐν" and "πιστεύων εἰς" + "Some Leader"]* — Or, is this ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

In the New Testament: What is the Gospel--that was preached?

Question: In view of Hermeneutic Consistency, and harmonizing the Biblical references of "Gospel", what was the Pragmatic, and Exegetical content of "The Gospel" message/sermon? That is, what does ...
6
votes
2answers
560 views

Does Isaiah 7:14 refer to a virgin?

There have been quite a few debates on why the word παρθένος (“virgin”) is used in the Septuagint of Isaiah 7:14 when translating the Hebrew word עלמה ("a young maiden”).1 For context let us go ...
1
vote
1answer
225 views

In 1 Cor. 15:56, What is the “Power” of Sin?

Question: In 1 Cor. 15:56, what is the "Power / δύναμις of Sin"? Note: I had expected to find a form of "ἐξουσία" for power, but this wasn't the case. Similarly, there is another question on ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

Difference between “work” and “labour” in 1 Thessalonians 1:3

1 Thessalonians 1:3 states (NIV):  We continually remember before our God and Father your work produced by faith, your labour prompted by love, and your endurance inspired by hope in our Lord ...
3
votes
1answer
289 views

What is the difference between “soul” and “spirit”?

Hebrews 4:12 seems to distinguish between "soul" and "spirit" (or ψυχή and πνεῦμα, respectively) in some manner similar to the difference between "joint" and "marrow." For the word of God is ...
4
votes
2answers
84 views

Acts 11:20: Ἕλληνας or Ἑλληνιστάς?

In Acts 11:20, of the words Ἕλληνας and Ἑλληνιστάς, which reading is more probable according to textual criticism? Which reading is more probable according to context? What is the meaning of each ...
5
votes
2answers
401 views

The fifth rib in Abner

I noticed the mention of fifth rib in the murder of Abner: 2 Sam 3:27 And when Abner had returned to Hebron, Joab took him aside in the gate to speak with him quietly and smote him there under the ...
2
votes
2answers
931 views

The word “expanse” in Genesis 1:6-8

In reading Genesis 1:6-8, my understanding from Genesis 1:6 was that the contextual meaning of "the expanse" was a land that separates waters from waters. In 1:7 it seems to be about separation of ...
2
votes
1answer
162 views

Was Jabez asking God to keep him from harm or from evil/sin?

1 Chronicles 4:10 [NIV] Jabez cried out to the God of Israel, "Oh, that you would bless me and enlarge my territory! Let your hand be with me, and keep me from harm so that I will be free ...
5
votes
2answers
304 views

Healing of the Centurion's παῖς (servant, son?) in Matthew 8:5-13

I have heard it said that the Centurion in Matthew 8 was refering to his "παῖς" in the sense of servant or slave, and all translations seem to take it that way. I've heard people go on to say that ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Was Achan's family punished along with Achan? or was he alone when punished?

Joshua 7:25: And all Israel stoned him with stones, and burned them with fire, after they had stoned them with stones. The above verse says that Achan was stoned alone (him). But there was a ...
4
votes
3answers
259 views

What did Hosea mean when he said, “ the children of Israel will be without an image? ”

I was reading an answer to a question which was recently asked and there is a reference to the book of Hosea (KJV) and the text reads, Hosea 3:4 King James Version 4 For the children of Israel ...
4
votes
1answer
452 views

Why is “bloods,” translated as “blood,” in Genesis 4:10?

When trying to understand the meaning of "the cry of Abel's blood," as recorded in Genesis 4:10,I found this interesting article which reads, In our lesson, taken from here , we look into an ...
4
votes
3answers
3k views

What did Sarah mean by calling Abraham her “lord”?

In Genesis 18:12 Sarah says, After I am worn out, and my lord is old, shall I have pleasure? The word "lord" is Strong's Hebrew 113, אָדוֹן. 1 Peter 3:6 suggests that her calling her husband ...
2
votes
1answer
170 views

Difference among “Word”, “word” and “Doctrine”

I heard that there are difference among "Word", "word" and "Doctrine". Please notice "Word" has a capital letter "W". I feel that sometimes "word" and "Word" are used mixedly in the Bible. For ...