Questions focused on the meaning or use of an individual word across a body of writing.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

2
votes
2answers
59 views

What are the stocks mentioned in Acts 16:24?

In Acts 16:24, it states: Receiving such orders, he threw them in the inner cell and fastened their feet in the stocks. (NET) Having received these orders, he put them into the inner cell and ...
3
votes
2answers
63 views

What did Sarah mean by calling Abraham her “lord”?

In Genesis 18:12 Sarah says, After I am worn out, and my lord is old, shall I have pleasure? The word "lord" is Strong's Hebrew 113, אָדוֹן. 1 Peter 3:6 suggests that her calling her husband ...
3
votes
2answers
127 views

What would Peter “bind” or “loose” on earth?

In Matthew 16 Jesus tells Peter that, as the rock on which his church will be built, he’d bind or loose things on earth. Matthew 16:18-19 (KJV) And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, ...
5
votes
5answers
152 views

To what does “the darkness” refer in 1 John?

Are the uses of "darkness" in the first two chapters of First John all congruent in meaning? What does it mean to "walk in darkness?" For example... 1 John 1:5-7 (NASB) 5 This is the message ...
6
votes
1answer
71 views

Does Paul use ἔθνη and Ἕλληνες interchangeably?

I'm trying to figure out if ἔθνη (Gentiles) and Ἕλληνες (Greeks)1 envision different (presumably overlapping) groups, emphasize different aspects of the same group, or are simply interchangeable.2,3 ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

Are bats described as birds?

Leviticus 11:13,19 reads: And these you shall detest among the birds . . . the eagle, the bearded vulture, the black vulture . . . and the bat. (ESV translation) Does the bible describe bats as ...
2
votes
1answer
101 views

powers of the heavens

What is meant exactly by the "powers of the heavens" in Matt:24:29? Matt 24:29-30 (KJV) Immediately after the tribulation of those days shall the sun be darkened, and the moon shall not give ...
6
votes
3answers
135 views

What is meant by “rightly dividing the word of truth”?

In 2 Tim 2:15 we read: KJV Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth. SBLGNT σπούδασον σεαυτὸν δόκιμον ...
3
votes
2answers
173 views

Is the word for 'helper' used to describe Eve in Genesis 2, also used for God helping Israel?

I heard in a sermon podcast I was listening to, this claim: Now the word used for helper when describing Eve is the same word used to describe God in the way he helps Israel This being in ...
2
votes
1answer
100 views

Are the 7 appearances of “Jehovah” in the KJV significant or random?

Why did Tyndale (and later, the KJV translating committees) keep Jewish tradition by translating the Tetragrammaton as LORD thousands of times, but make exceptions by translating it as "Jehovah" only ...
6
votes
1answer
123 views

Translation of the word Giant

Are there other translations of the word "Giant"? Please note that this question is related to this question. Genesis 6:4 KJV There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, ...
7
votes
2answers
175 views

What does “torture” mean in Matthew 18:34?

At the end of the parable of the unmerciful servant, the master has him jailed and handed over to be "tortured". And his lord, moved with anger, handed him over to the torturers until he should ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

Difference among “Word”, “word” and “Doctrine”

I heard that there are difference among "Word", "word" and "Doctrine". Please notice "Word" has a capital letter "W". I feel that sometimes "word" and "Word" are used mixedly in the Bible. For ...
6
votes
2answers
207 views

What would Jesus' qualifications have been for a “worthy” person for the disciples to stay within the Matthew 10 narrative?

When Jesus sends the twelve out in Matthew 10, he gives them instructions for what to do when they enter a city that include finding "worthy" citizens there. Matthew 10:11-13 (NASB) 11  And ...
4
votes
1answer
150 views

What does the phrase “son of the morning” mean?

Isaiah uses the phrase "son of the morning" to describe someone here Isaiah 14:12 (KJV) 12  How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! how art thou cut down to the ...
5
votes
2answers
113 views

How do we know the usage of the term Adonai in Genesis 15:2?

In Genesis 15:2, Abram uses the term Adonai when addressing the Lord. It is my understanding that this word is an emphatic of Adon, which means Father. What do we know about the cultural and/or ...
5
votes
1answer
256 views

What would be a good translation of 'poiēma'?

Two verses use the Greek ποίημα (G4161): For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly seen, being understood through what ...
-1
votes
1answer
49 views

A Clearer Explanation

So I heard someone remark one time "Who is Herman and why is he "newting" around?" in regards to the word "hermeneutics". Comical, yes, but relevant all the same. So what is the clearest, simplest, ...
6
votes
2answers
305 views

What did “ekklesia” mean in the Classical Greek and later the Septuagint, and did the meaning change when it was translated in the KJV bible?

I have a scholarly friend who believes if you examine the meaning of the word "ekklesia" in the original Classical Greek and later in the Septuagint it had the meaning of a "meeting"(an event in time) ...
3
votes
3answers
119 views

Is there an issue with translating the word “worshiped” in Matthew 14:33?

Matthew 14:32-33 reads: 32 And when they climbed into the boat, the wind died down. 33 Then those who were in the boat worshiped him, saying, “Truly you are the Son of God.” I have recently been ...
5
votes
3answers
744 views

What does John 4:24 mean

See this question on Christianity.SE for some background. I am trying to understand how the bible uses the word spirit in a few locations as it relates to God and angels. John 4:24 (KJV) God is ...
4
votes
2answers
125 views

Can “יָתוֹם” designate someone who has lost his father but not his mother?

The word "יָתוֹם" has been translated as "fatherless" by numerous translations (ESV KJV NASB etc, cf. Psalm 109:9), but "orphan" by others (LXX, Vulgate, TNK etc), dictionaries mentioning the two ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

What is a “quickening spirit” (1 Cor 15:45) and how is it different from a “living soul”?

1st Corinthians makes a distinction between the first Adam and Jesus Christ and it also distinguishes between the soul and the spirit. What does the expression a "quickening spirit" mean here and how ...
3
votes
3answers
545 views

Was Achan's family punished along with Achan? or was he alone when punished?

Joshua 7:25: And all Israel stoned him with stones, and burned them with fire, after they had stoned them with stones. The above verse says that Achan was stoned alone (him). But there was a ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Can the word translated as “messiah” be considered a title when referring to Jesus?

The word translated as "messiah" in the Bible can apparently have a few meanings in both Hebrew and Greek. It is usually used to simply say "anointed" or "anointed one". For example, see this usage: ...
8
votes
5answers
2k views

What did Jesus mean by “be perfect” in the Sermon on the Mount?

I asked this on the Christianity Stack Exchange site, and they told me it would be better here. So I here I am asking it... Therefore you shall be perfect, just as your Father in heaven is ...
3
votes
1answer
97 views

What is the significance of the phrase πιστὸς ὁ λόγος (“the faithful saying”) in Pauline epistles?

I was browsing the first epistle of Timotheos, and I noticed that the apostle Paulos sometimes preceded a statement by the Greek phrase πιστὸς ὁ λόγος (cp. 1 Tim. 1:15), which may be translated as ...
3
votes
1answer
148 views

Why is the Greek word ἀγάπη often translated as “charity” in the New Testament?

Why is the Greek word ἀγάπη often translated as "charity" in the New Testament? Has the meaning of "charity" changed over time?
3
votes
2answers
361 views

Genesis 23 — Why does the Bible change the spelling of Ephron's name?

In Genesis 23, we learn that Sarah has died and Abraham is looking to acquire a grave for her. He approaches the children of Heth and meets Ephron the Hittite who, initially, offers his land (which ...
5
votes
2answers
879 views

Does John distinguish between terms for love?

It's fairly common knowledge that there are four Greek words for love, but it's not clear from the Wikipedia article whether certain distinctions persist from Ancient Greek to Koine, namely the ...
-3
votes
1answer
805 views

Is the Valley of Hinnom adequately translated as hell?

Transliteration vs. Translation vs.Travesty vs. Allegory Gehenna or Valley of Hinnom or Djennem or Hell? Through the prophecy and book of Jeremiah the Valley of Hinnom (ge hinnom) east of Jerusalem ...
7
votes
2answers
199 views

What does λεστες mean in Mark 11:17?

Mark 11:17 reads (NET emphasis mine): καὶ ἐδίδασκεν καὶ ἔλεγεν αὐτοῖς· οὐ γέγραπται ὅτι ὁ οἶκος μου οἶκος προσευχῆς κληθήσεται πᾶσιν τοῖς ἔθνεσιν; ὑμεῖς δὲ πεποιήκατε αὐτὸν σπήλαιον λῃστῶν. ...
7
votes
1answer
199 views

Does the qal in Amos 3:6 automatically imply causation?

I am looking at Amos 3:6 and I expected a permissive rather than causative verb but I found a perfect qal. Does this qal actually mean cause here? Amo 3:6 Shall a trumpet be blown in the city, and ...
3
votes
1answer
71 views

What is the difference between ζωὴ and ψυχὴ?

The word "life" appears in most translations of John 12:25 three times. For example, in the ESV: Whoever loves his life loses it, and whoever hates his life in this world will keep it for eternal ...
4
votes
1answer
251 views

What can we infer about archangel(s) from the text of the Bible?

Among the Christians I know it is believed that Michael is the only Archangel because only he is mentioned as being one (I realize the flaw, but believed nonetheless). However, there are several ...
7
votes
4answers
456 views

Was the word ἐπιούσιον used prior to the Lord's prayer? What does it mean?

The word ἐπιούσιον has been translated in numerous ways, but the greatest modern consensus is to translate the word as 'daily.' Was the word ἐπιούσιον used prior to the Lord's prayer (Matthew 6:11; ...
1
vote
1answer
2k views

What is the “Light” of Genesis 1:3?

In Genesis 1:3 (ESV), it is written, And God said, "Let there be light," and there was light. The Hebrew word which is translated into English as "light" is אֹור (or) (Strong's H216). Is ...
3
votes
1answer
172 views

Is conscience (συνείδησις) a particularly Pauline idea?

At the end of Hebrews (13:18) Autor petitions his hearers: "Pray for us, for we are sure that we have a clear conscience, desiring to act honorably in all things." (ESV) I was reading this recently ...
5
votes
2answers
115 views

What does the word הַסִּרְפַּד mean?

Isaiah 55:13 uses the word הַסִּרְפַּד which I have seen translated as "brier" or "nettle". What is the precise meaning of this word? Is it used elsewhere?
3
votes
1answer
918 views

Difference between “work” and “labour” in 1 Thessalonians 1:3

1 Thessalonians 1:3 states (NIV):  We continually remember before our God and Father your work produced by faith, your labour prompted by love, and your endurance inspired by hope in our Lord ...
6
votes
2answers
208 views

Who were the “poor among the saints” in Jerusalem?

Near the end of Romans there are details about financial relationships between churches. It's never really occurred to me to read it as anything but the face value in English: Romans 15:25-26 ...
9
votes
3answers
624 views

Does Peter intend to identify the Pauline Epistles as canonical?

In 2 Peter 3:15-16, Peters states: And count the patience of our Lord as salvation, just as our beloved brother Paul also wrote to you according to the wisdom given him, as he does in all his ...
5
votes
2answers
6k views

What are the “stones of fire” in Ezekiel 28?

An interesting phrase occurs in Ezekiel 28:14: You were an anointed guardian cherub. I placed you; you were on the holy mountain of God; in the midst of the stones of fire you walked. and again ...
10
votes
3answers
2k views

How can we understand “fear”?

It seems that (throughout the Bible), we have been told to "not fear" but also to "fear God". How can we understand this word "fear" in these two contexts? If this word in these two contexts carries ...
11
votes
3answers
235 views

When the Bible says “the world”, does that only include Eurasia and Africa?

I've heard this argument a few different times for different verses. (Unfortunately, I can't remember exactly which verses as that would strengthen this question quite a bit.) However, the argument ...
10
votes
1answer
171 views

Is there any research that challenges the standard definition of 'προορίζω' (predestine)? [closed]

The definition of προορίζω in the Enhanced Strong's Lexicon is: 4309 Six occurrences; AV translates as “predestinate” four times, “determine before” once, and “ordain” once. 1 to predetermine, ...
15
votes
4answers
4k views

What translation best translates the word “vanity” (in the KJV) in Ecclesiastes?

The word "vanity" (KJV) in Ecclesiastes was translated (possibly incorrectly) in the NIV as "meaningless". Is "vanity" the best translation for the Hebrew word hebel (Strongs 1892) or does a newer ...