The synoptic problem refers to the puzzle of the precise literary relationship between the three "synoptic" Gospels of Mark, Matthew, and Luke which share a significant number of parallel passages, often including the same or nearly the same words.

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What are the common solutions to the minor agreements of Matthew and Luke?

There are a number of points where Matthew and Luke agree against Mark in their reading, but which cannot be explained by their supposed reliance on the Q source. For instance, in the narrative of ...