The book of Psalms, also known as "the Psalter", a collection of many poems and hymns from ancient Israel and Judah.

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When is “this day” that Jesus was “begotten”? And how is this related to Jesus being called God's “son”?

In Psalm 2:7 the psalm refers to the day that Messiah was begotten: Psa_2:7 I will declare the decree: the LORD hath said unto me, Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee. And twice ...
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What did Jesus mean when he referred to the book of Psalms as the Law?

Twice in the book of John Jesus quotes parts of Psalm's and directly refers to the scripture as the Law. John 10:34 John 15:25 Traditionally we see the books of the Law as only the first 5 books of ...
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The religious identity of those who translated Psalms 24:1 into the LXX

Some time ago, while writing a research paper, I was reading the LXX of Psa. 24:1. The Hebrew text states, א לְדָוִד מִזְמוֹר ליהוה הָאָרֶץ וּמְלוֹאָהּ תֵּבֵל וְיֹשְׁבֵי בָהּ which may be ...
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In Matthew 21:16, did Jesus misquote Psalms 8:2 by saying “praise” instead of “strength”? [duplicate]

The English translation of Matt. 21:16 according to the King James Version states, 16 And said unto him, Hearest thou what these say? And Jesus saith unto them, Yea; have ye never read, Out of the ...
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Why use the expression “is from of old”?

In Psalm 74:12 (ESV) we read "Yet God my King is from of old, ...". While I understand that to mean something like "Yet God my King is from ancient times", why would translators use the phrase "is ...
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Psalm 41:9 — eating food together?

NLT has his verse as follows: “Even my best friend, the one I trusted completely, the one who shared my food, has turned against me” NLT ESV as follows: “Even my close friend in whom ...
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What are the “shields of the earth”?

The end of Psalm 47 reads: God reigns over the nations;    God sits on his holy throne. The princes of the peoples gather    as the people of the God of Abraham. ...
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In Psalm 3:3, what does David mean by saying to YHVH, “You are my glory”?

In Psalm 3:3, what does David mean by saying to YHVH, "You are my glory" and how might it relate to the taunt in the previous verse? ESV Psa 3:3 But you, O LORD, are a shield about me, my glory, ...
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How do sins become strangers in Greek Psalm 18 (19)?

Psalm 19:14 (13) reads: גַּ֤ם מִזֵּדִ֨ים ׀ חֲשֹׂ֬ךְ עַבְדֶּ֗ךָ אַֽל־יִמְשְׁלוּ־בִ֣י אָ֣ז אֵיתָ֑ם וְ֝נִקֵּ֗יתִי מִפֶּ֥שַֽׁע רָֽב׃ (BHS) Keep back your servant also from presumptuous sins; let them not ...
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“You are gods” in John 10:30-36

In John 10:30-36 (NASB), Jesus responds to an accusation of blasphemy by quoting the Old Testament: 30I and the Father are one.” 31The Jews picked up stones again to stone Him. 32Jesus ...
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Why is there an “extra” verse at the end of Psalms 25 and 34?

As far as I can tell, all of the acrostic Psalms (9-10, 25, 34, 37, 111, 112, 119, 145) end appropriately after taw, although many of them are missing various letters.* Psalms 25 and 34 both have an "...
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Is Psalm 91 talking about physical protection, spiritual or both?

The Text: In Psalms 91 - there are several promises for protection. However, there are at least three possibilities that affect the interpretation of the text: That it should be taken literally - ...
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Who are the “divine beings” in Psalm 82?

We read in Psalm 82: I had taken you for divine beings, sons of the Most High, all of you; but you shall die as men do, fall like any prince.—Psalm 82:6–7 (NJPS) Some ...
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What is the role of the paragogic heh when used with the second person as in Psalm 108:5 (ר֣וּמָה)?

What is the role of the paragogic heh when used with the second person as in Psalm 108:5 (ר֣וּמָה)? When used with the first person it as a cohortative meaning, but what's the difference with the ...
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In Psalm 4:1, why does David call God “God of my righteousness”?

In Psalm 4:1, why does David call God "God of my righteousness"?: בבְּקָרְאִי עֲנֵנִי | אֱלֹהֵי צִדְקִי בַּצָּר הִרְחַבְתָּ לִּי חָנֵּנִי וּשְׁמַע תְּפִלָּתִי: I notice that Rashi doesn't ...
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Does the author of Psalm 103:2 exhort himself to “bless the LORD” or is he referring to the LORD as the “soul” within himself?

Psalm 103:2 King James Version (KJV): Bless the Lord, O my soul: and all that is within me, bless his holy name. My question: Does the singer command his soul to "Bless the LORD" , or is he ...
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Is Psalm 40:12 about the Messiah?

Psalm 40:6-8 is quoted by the author of To the Hebrews 10:5-7 as referring to Jesus: Heb 10:5 For this reason, the Scriptures say, when the Messiah was about to come into the world: "You did ...
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In Psalm 3:4 is “the lifter of my head” referring to subjective encouragement or promotion?

When David says "you are the lifter of my head" what does he mean? Does he mean that God helps him to maintain his courage? Or does he mean that he will be successful? Barnes' Notes on the Bible says ...
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Psalm 22:1 KJV vs Tehillim vs ESV

How does the ESV translate Psalm 22:1 as: To the choirmaster: according to The Doe of the Dawn. A Psalm of David. My God, my God, why have you forsaken me? Why are you so far from saving me, ...
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What does the phrase “salvation, and glory, and power, belong to the Lord our God” mean in Revelation 19:1?

What does the phrase "salvation, and glory, and power, belong to the Lord our God" mean in Revelation 19:1? Most translations seem to render the text as "belong to our God": http://biblehub.com/...
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Meaning of “Sing to the Lord a new song”

In Psalm 33:3, it reads: Sing to him a new song; play skilfully on the strings, with loud shouts. This is most certainly not the first time I've read these words; they seem to be a common ...
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Does Psalm 72:13 mean “lives” or “souls?”

Young's Literal Translation and KJV say in Psalm 72:13 that Solomon will save the "souls" of the needy. Revised Standard Version Catholic Edition, NIV say Solomon will "save the needy from death." ...
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How can Ephesians 4:8 be a quote/translation of Psalms 68:18?

In Psalms we have: You ascended on high, leading a host of captives in your train and receiving gifts among men, even among the rebellious, that the Lord God may dwell there. (Psalms 68:18, ...
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Is there an allusion to Psalm 22 in John 19:30, ‘It is finished’?

The allusions to Psalm 22 in the Gospel accounts of Jesus' crucifixion are well-known and have been discussed on BH.SE on several occasions. I recently ran across the claim (e.g. in a blog and a JETS ...
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Interpretation of Psalm 12:6-7

I'm doing a personal Bible study on the KJV Only doctrine. KJVO advocates point to Psalm 12:6-7 as evidence for the inerrancy of the KJV (or the source manuscripts used by them). The words of the ...
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Who is harmed in Psalm 15:4?

Psalm 15 begins with the question (v.1): יְהוָֹה מִי־יָגוּר בְּאָהֳלֶךָ O LORD, who shall sojourn in your tent? and answers (vv. 2-4): הוֹלֵךְ תָּ֭מִים וּפֹעֵל צֶדֶק He who walks ...
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What is meant by “inherit the earth”?

What is meant by "[X] shall inherit the earth"? This phrase is found countless times in the scripture (cf. Psalm 37:11, Matthew 5:5), but should this be interpreted as a physical possession of land? ...
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What is the meaning of “rod and staff” (Psalm 23)?

I am under the impression that the "rod and staff" are actually one physical item. That is, that on one end was a kind of hook (staff) that was used to aid one's duty as a Shepard and on the other end ...
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Does God really hate some people (Ps 11:5), even though he loves the whole world (John 3:16)?

From John 3:16, we know that God loves the world. 16 "For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life." (John 3:16,...
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How are contractions formed in Hebrew and how does YHWH become Yah?

Psalm 68:4 expresses the name of God as Yah. This seems obvious related to the name of God as he expounded it to Moses in Exodus 3:14. We also see the two directly connected in passages such as Psalm ...
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Should the word elohim in Psalm 8:5 be translated into gods/angels/or god?

Should the word elohim in Psalm 8:5 be translated into gods/angels/or god? The NIV translates it this way: You have made them a little lower than the angels and crowned them with glory and honor....
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How should we understand David’s name at the beginning of the Psalms?

Many† of the Psalms begin with some variation of: מִזְמ֥וֹר לְדָוִ֑ד LXX: Ψαλμὸς τῷ Δαυιδ ESV: A psalm of David However, as mentioned in Part (2) of this answer about Psalm 72:20, the ...
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Are there any Psalms written by David before he came to the limelight?

I'm looking for Psalms written by David right up until when he killed Goliath. Google so far has been unfruitful.
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Psalm 23, “…table in the presence of my enemies…”

In Psalm 23, David talks about the Lord providing a "table" in the presence of his enemies. Just what does this table represent? Psalm 23:5 (ESV) You prepare a table before me in the ...
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Psalm 72: “he will …” vs. “may he…”

The NET rendition Psalm 72 differs from most modern translations in translating most verbs in Psalm 72 as future indicative – "he will" – rather than jussive – "may he". For instance,...
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"My shield is with God”?

Psalm 7:10(11)1a: ‏מָֽגִנִּ֥י עַל־אֱלֹהִ֑ים (BHS) My shield is with God (ESV) Elsewhere God is described as being one’s shield (2 Sam 22:3 // Ps 18:3; Ps 28:7) but with feels odd. It’s also ...
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Psalm 34:20 applied to Jesus' crucifixion

When we read about the crucifixion in John 19:31-37, it is written that Jesus' legs were not broken to speed up his death. The author claims this fulfilled Psalms 34:20, which reads: he protects ...
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How is the Septuagint interpretation of Psalms 40:6 reconciled with the Hebrew text?

The ancient Hebrew and Greek versions of Psalms 40:6 are quite different. The Hebrew version says 'my ears you have opened' whilst the Greek LXX has 'a body you restored to me'. Furthermore in Hebrews ...
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Are the Psalms superscripts misplaced?

I recently ran across a theory that a portion of the superscripts of many psalms was intended as a postscript to the prior psalm. In that arrangement, לַמְנַצֵּ֥חַ (lamnaṣṣēaḥ; to the choirmaster) + ...
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Does the king of Tyre send Solomon a bunch of girls for his stable of women?

Given Solomon's scriptural reputation as a "young buck" full of sexual appetite and given to sleeping with thousands of girls should we understand Psalm 45 to be describing the gifting of a bunch of ...
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Does the Bible mention unicorns?

I was reading Psalm 22 (from this question) and I found this verse: Psalms 22:21 (KJV) Save me from the lion's mouth: for thou hast heard me from the horns of the unicorns. When I switched ...
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Question regarding a verse in Psalm 23:4 [duplicate]

I came to this site searching for the meaning behind the rod and staff in Psalm 23 . . I found two different explanations. 1.) The staff symbolizing guidance and the rod symbolizing protection. 2.) ...
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Meaning of N .. N+1 pattern in Amos, Proverbs, Job and Psalms [duplicate]

In the first couple of chapters of Amos, we see a number of proclamations from God that all begin with (all ESV) "For three transgressions of [region/group], and for four, I will not revoke the ...
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“For the sake of your ḥesed” in the Psalms

Psalm 6:5[4]:1 ‏שׁוּבָה יְהוָה חַלְּצָה נַפְשִׁ֑י הוֹשִׁיעֵנִי לְמַעַן חַסְדֶּֽךָ׃ (BHS) Turn, LORD, and deliver me;       save me because of your unfailing love....
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How does the rod in the 23rd Psalm relate to David - is it used to punish or chastise him?

Elsewhere in the Bible there are Proverbs that warn, "spare the rod and spoil the child." Evidently the rod in this context is used to chastise, to correct. When the Psalm mentions "Thy rod and Thy ...
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What does “The LORD said to my Lord” mean in Psalm 110?

This phrase has perplexed me a little bit. It's a psalm that was quoted by both Jesus (Matt 22:44, Mark 12:36, Luke 20:42) and Peter (Acts 2:34). Psalm 110:1 ESV The LORD says to my Lord: “Sit at ...
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What is the meaning of “The Death of the Son” at the beginning of Psalm 9?

The superscript of Psalm 9 contains the phrase: BHS: עַלְמ֥וּת לַבֵּ֗ן RSV/ESV: according to Muth-labben. NIV: To the tune of “The Death of the Son.” Most translations have chosen something ...
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Did the Hebrews lift their right hand to take an oath as some translations of Psalm 144:8 imply?

Do we have any evidence that the Hebrews used to lift their right hand to take an oath, as some translations of Psalm 144:8 imply? The original verse talks of a "right hand of falsehood" (KJV NAS) : ...
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What is the intended image of “pierced my hands and feet” in Psalm 22:16?

I sometimes struggle to understand how some of the NT authors describe OT passages as messianic prophecies. One of these is from the 22nd Psalm. Psalm 22:16 NASB (emphasis added) For dogs have ...
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Happy or blessed in the Psalms?

This problem occurs more than 20 times in the Psalms, but I’ll quote Psalm 1:1, ESV: Blessed (ʾašrê) is the man      who walks not in the counsel of the wicked, &...