The book of Psalms, also known as "the Psalter", a collection of many poems and hymns from ancient Israel and Judah.

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What is the final clause of Psalm 42:5 actually saying?

Psalm 42:5 (and 42:11) vary greatly in English translations with regard to how they deal with the last clause. Is there no way to be sure what it is saying? What are the issues in rendering this ...
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In Psalm 1:6, what is the function of “know” and “way”?

In Psalm 1:6, what is the function of "know" and "way"? Psa 1:6 for the LORD knows the way of the righteous, but the way of the wicked will perish. "Know" seems to be place opposite to "shall ...
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What did Jesus mean when he referred to the book of Psalms as the Law?

Twice in the book of John Jesus quotes parts of Psalm's and directly refers to the scripture as the Law. John 10:34 John 15:25 Traditionally we see the books of the Law as only the first 5 books of ...
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In Matthew 21:16, did Jesus misquote Psalms 8:2 by saying “praise” instead of “strength”? [duplicate]

The English translation of Matt. 21:16 according to the King James Version states, 16 And said unto him, Hearest thou what these say? And Jesus saith unto them, Yea; have ye never read, Out of the ...
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When is “this day” that Jesus was “begotten”? And how is this related to Jesus being called God's “son”?

In Psalm 2:7 the psalm refers to the day that Messiah was begotten: Psa_2:7 I will declare the decree: the LORD hath said unto me, Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee. And twice ...
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Why use the expression “is from of old”?

In Psalm 74:12 (ESV) we read "Yet God my King is from of old, ...". While I understand that to mean something like "Yet God my King is from ancient times", why would translators use the phrase "is ...
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Why is there an “extra” verse at the end of Psalms 25 and 34?

As far as I can tell, all of the acrostic Psalms (9-10, 25, 34, 37, 111, 112, 119, 145) end appropriately after taw, although many of them are missing various letters.* Psalms 25 and 34 both have an "...
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In Psalm 4:1, why does David call God “God of my righteousness”?

In Psalm 4:1, why does David call God "God of my righteousness"?: בבְּקָרְאִי עֲנֵנִי | אֱלֹהֵי צִדְקִי בַּצָּר הִרְחַבְתָּ לִּי חָנֵּנִי וּשְׁמַע תְּפִלָּתִי: I notice that Rashi doesn't ...
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Is Psalm 91 talking about physical protection, spiritual or both?

The Text: In Psalms 91 - there are several promises for protection. However, there are at least three possibilities that affect the interpretation of the text: That it should be taken literally - ...
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Does the author of Psalm 103:2 exhort himself to “bless the LORD” or is he referring to the LORD as the “soul” within himself?

Psalm 103:2 King James Version (KJV): Bless the Lord, O my soul: and all that is within me, bless his holy name. My question: Does the singer command his soul to "Bless the LORD" , or is he ...
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In Psalm 3:4 is “the lifter of my head” referring to subjective encouragement or promotion?

When David says "you are the lifter of my head" what does he mean? Does he mean that God helps him to maintain his courage? Or does he mean that he will be successful? Barnes' Notes on the Bible says ...
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Psalm 22:1 KJV vs Tehillim vs ESV

How does the ESV translate Psalm 22:1 as: To the choirmaster: according to The Doe of the Dawn. A Psalm of David. My God, my God, why have you forsaken me? Why are you so far from saving me, ...
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Is Psalm 40:12 about the Messiah?

Psalm 40:6-8 is quoted by the author of To the Hebrews 10:5-7 as referring to Jesus: Heb 10:5 For this reason, the Scriptures say, when the Messiah was about to come into the world: "You did ...
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In Psalm 3:3, what does David mean by saying to YHVH, “You are my glory”?

In Psalm 3:3, what does David mean by saying to YHVH, "You are my glory" and how might it relate to the taunt in the previous verse? ESV Psa 3:3 But you, O LORD, are a shield about me, my glory, ...
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What does the phrase “salvation, and glory, and power, belong to the Lord our God” mean in Revelation 19:1?

What does the phrase "salvation, and glory, and power, belong to the Lord our God" mean in Revelation 19:1? Most translations seem to render the text as "belong to our God": http://biblehub.com/...
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Interpretation of Psalm 12:6-7

I'm doing a personal Bible study on the KJV Only doctrine. KJVO advocates point to Psalm 12:6-7 as evidence for the inerrancy of the KJV (or the source manuscripts used by them). The words of the ...
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Who is harmed in Psalm 15:4?

Psalm 15 begins with the question (v.1): יְהוָֹה מִי־יָגוּר בְּאָהֳלֶךָ O LORD, who shall sojourn in your tent? and answers (vv. 2-4): הוֹלֵךְ תָּ֭מִים וּפֹעֵל צֶדֶק He who walks ...
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Does God really hate some people (Ps 11:5), even though he loves the whole world (John 3:16)?

From John 3:16, we know that God loves the world. 16 "For God so loved the world that he gave his one and only Son, that whoever believes in him shall not perish but have eternal life." (John 3:16,...
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Does Psalm 72:13 mean “lives” or “souls?”

Young's Literal Translation and KJV say in Psalm 72:13 that Solomon will save the "souls" of the needy. Revised Standard Version Catholic Edition, NIV say Solomon will "save the needy from death." ...
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Psalm 72: “he will …” vs. “may he…”

The NET rendition Psalm 72 differs from most modern translations in translating most verbs in Psalm 72 as future indicative – "he will" – rather than jussive – "may he". For instance,...
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"My shield is with God”?

Psalm 7:10(11)1a: ‏מָֽגִנִּ֥י עַל־אֱלֹהִ֑ים (BHS) My shield is with God (ESV) Elsewhere God is described as being one’s shield (2 Sam 22:3 // Ps 18:3; Ps 28:7) but with feels odd. It’s also ...
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Does the king of Tyre send Solomon a bunch of girls for his stable of women?

Given Solomon's scriptural reputation as a "young buck" full of sexual appetite and given to sleeping with thousands of girls should we understand Psalm 45 to be describing the gifting of a bunch of ...
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Question regarding a verse in Psalm 23:4 [duplicate]

I came to this site searching for the meaning behind the rod and staff in Psalm 23 . . I found two different explanations. 1.) The staff symbolizing guidance and the rod symbolizing protection. 2.) ...
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“For the sake of your ḥesed” in the Psalms

Psalm 6:5[4]:1 ‏שׁוּבָה יְהוָה חַלְּצָה נַפְשִׁ֑י הוֹשִׁיעֵנִי לְמַעַן חַסְדֶּֽךָ׃ (BHS) Turn, LORD, and deliver me;       save me because of your unfailing love....
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How does the rod in the 23rd Psalm relate to David - is it used to punish or chastise him?

Elsewhere in the Bible there are Proverbs that warn, "spare the rod and spoil the child." Evidently the rod in this context is used to chastise, to correct. When the Psalm mentions "Thy rod and Thy ...
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Is there an allusion to Psalm 22 in John 19:30, ‘It is finished’?

The allusions to Psalm 22 in the Gospel accounts of Jesus' crucifixion are well-known and have been discussed on BH.SE on several occasions. I recently ran across the claim (e.g. in a blog and a JETS ...
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Happy or blessed in the Psalms?

This problem occurs more than 20 times in the Psalms, but I’ll quote Psalm 1:1, ESV: Blessed (ʾašrê) is the man      who walks not in the counsel of the wicked, &...
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Is there some problem with God as rock in the LXX Psalms?

The Greek Psalms often (always?) change out “rock” for something non-metaphorical when it refers to God. For instance, Psalm 18:46(27)a: The LORD lives, and blessed be my rock (ṣûrî). In the LXX ...
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“Seasons”, or “Sacred Seasons”?

Psalm 104:19, עָשָׂ֣ה יָ֭רֵחַ לְמֹועֲדִ֑ים (Westminster Leningrad Codex) He appointed the moon for the seasons (Interlinear translation) In the BDB (Brown Driver Briggs), לְמוֹעֲדִ֑ים (for ...
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Meaning of “Sing to the Lord a new song”

In Psalm 33:3, it reads: Sing to him a new song; play skilfully on the strings, with loud shouts. This is most certainly not the first time I've read these words; they seem to be a common ...
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When were the superscripts added to the Psalms?

I have asked a series of questions recently about the superscripts at the top of the Psalms.* They tend to include technical notes about performance, (possible) allusions to authorship, notation of ...
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What is the meaning of “The Death of the Son” at the beginning of Psalm 9?

The superscript of Psalm 9 contains the phrase: BHS: עַלְמ֥וּת לַבֵּ֗ן RSV/ESV: according to Muth-labben. NIV: To the tune of “The Death of the Son.” Most translations have chosen something ...
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How do sins become strangers in Greek Psalm 18 (19)?

Psalm 19:14 (13) reads: גַּ֤ם מִזֵּדִ֨ים ׀ חֲשֹׂ֬ךְ עַבְדֶּ֗ךָ אַֽל־יִמְשְׁלוּ־בִ֣י אָ֣ז אֵיתָ֑ם וְ֝נִקֵּ֗יתִי מִפֶּ֥שַֽׁע רָֽב׃ (BHS) Keep back your servant also from presumptuous sins; let them not ...
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Are the Psalms superscripts misplaced?

I recently ran across a theory that a portion of the superscripts of many psalms was intended as a postscript to the prior psalm. In that arrangement, לַמְנַצֵּ֥חַ (lamnaṣṣēaḥ; to the choirmaster) + ...
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How should we understand David’s name at the beginning of the Psalms?

Many† of the Psalms begin with some variation of: מִזְמ֥וֹר לְדָוִ֑ד LXX: Ψαλμὸς τῷ Δαυιδ ESV: A psalm of David However, as mentioned in Part (2) of this answer about Psalm 72:20, the ...
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Which Psalms were written by David before he killed Goliath? [duplicate]

I'm looking for Psalms written by David right up until when he killed Goliath. Google so far has been unfruitful.
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Are there any Psalms written by David before he came to the limelight?

I'm looking for Psalms written by David right up until when he killed Goliath. Google so far has been unfruitful.
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Psalms superscripts: completion or choirmaster?

Many (56) of the Greek Psalms begin (in what is the superscript in English on most chapters, not represented at all in a few): Εἰς τὸ τέλος. This is a mystery to me. The NETS translates it, ...
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Psalm 19:3: whose voice?

Psalm 19:3/4 reads: אֵֽין־אֹ֭מֶר וְאֵ֣ין דְּבָרִ֑ים בְּ֝לִ֗י נִשְׁמָ֥ע קוֹלָֽם׃ (BHS, 19:4) There is no speech, nor are there words, whose voice is not heard. (ESV, 19:3) The idea that speech ...
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“Pangs of death” in Acts 2:24

In Acts 2:24a, Peter explains God’s plan for Jesus: ὃν ὁ θεὸς ἀνέστησεν λύσας τὰς ὠδῖνας τοῦ θανάτου God raised him up, loosing the pangs of death The phrase ὠδῖνες θανάτου seems to be a ...
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Who are the two “Lords” in Acts 2:34?

What does Peter mean by invoking Psalm 110 in his sermon in Acts 2? For David did not ascend into the heavens, but he himself says,      “‘The Lord said to my Lord, ...
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“Voice” or “string” in Psalm 19:4?

I’m trying to figure out what’s going on in Psalm 19:4/5a: Their voice goes out through all the earth ESV 19:4a :בְּכָל־הָאָ֨רֶץ ׀ יָ֘צָ֤א קַוָּ֗ם BHS 19:5a εἰς πᾶσαν τὴν γῆν ἐξῆλθεν ὁ φθόγγος ...
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“for my thirst they gave me sour wine” and anything else?

He said, "I thirst". (John 19:28) They gave me poison for food, and for my thirst they gave me sour wine to drink. (Psalm 69:21) So, now John compares "I thirst" with Psalm, so now my doubt is, ...
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What is the intended image of “pierced my hands and feet” in Psalm 22:16?

I sometimes struggle to understand how some of the NT authors describe OT passages as messianic prophecies. One of these is from the 22nd Psalm. Psalm 22:16 NASB (emphasis added) For dogs have ...
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What is Jesus' purpose in asking about Psalm 110?

In Mark 12, Jesus is questioned by the various parties and is shown to answer wisely such that no one dares to ask him any more questions. And then he asks his own: While Jesus was teaching in the ...
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Did Moses write Psalm 90?

Psalm 90 begins (ESV): A prayer of Moses, the man of God. Translations seem mostly to agree about this, although I’m not sure if that’s the only way to translate it.* This has traditionally ...
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Is the "Fear and trembling” in Philippians 2 related to the psalms?

Philippians 2:12b* reads: Work out your own salvation with fear and trembling. I notice the same two concepts are given in Psalms 2 and 55. Psalm 2:11: Serve the LORD with fear, and ...
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Psalm 23, “…table in the presence of my enemies…”

In Psalm 23, David talks about the Lord providing a "table" in the presence of his enemies. Just what does this table represent? Psalm 23:5 (ESV) You prepare a table before me in the ...
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To whom does the Psalmist refer to in Psalm 2:6 as “the installed King of Zion”?

In Psalm 2:6 NIV we find: "I have installed my king    on Zion, my holy mountain.” Does the text refer to King David or somebody else?
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The religious identity of those who translated Psalms 24:1 into the LXX

Some time ago, while writing a research paper, I was reading the LXX of Psa. 24:1. The Hebrew text states, א לְדָוִד מִזְמוֹר ליהוה הָאָרֶץ וּמְלוֹאָהּ תֵּבֵל וְיֹשְׁבֵי בָהּ which may be ...