The Apostle Paul is one of the founders of organized Christianity, and the author of several "letters" now found in the New Testament.

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Is conscience (συνείδησις) a particularly Pauline idea?

At the end of Hebrews (13:18) Autor petitions his hearers: "Pray for us, for we are sure that we have a clear conscience, desiring to act honorably in all things." (ESV) I was reading this recently ...
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What does Paul mean by “if we preach…contrary to [ourselves]”?

I am astonished that you are so quickly deserting him who called you in the grace of Christ and are turning to a different gospel—not that there is another one, but there are some who trouble ...
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How did Paul “see that someone had faith” in Acts 14?

How did Paul see that the crippled man had faith to make him well? What does this mean? Acts 14:8-10 ESV Now at Lystra there was a man sitting who could not use his feet. He was crippled from ...
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Women in Galatians

Why did Paul mean in Galatians 3:27-28 when he says that all of the Galatians were one in Christ? Does this contradict what Paul had taught elsewhere about the role of women in the ekklēsia (church)? ...
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Could I Corinthians 2:15 carry a sense of “surprise”?

I was listening to an old sermon by David Jeremiah today in which he suggested that the original Greek of I Corinthians 2:15 would be read with a connotation of "surprise" which would be captured by a ...
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Is it necessary to assert that Paul has never been to Colossae when this letter is written?

Commentaries and NT introductions all like to state that Paul has never been to Colossae. It is generally founded in this passage: Colossians 2:1   For I want you to know how great a struggle I ...
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In 1 Cor 13:10, What does “The Perfect” Refer to?

Question: In 1 Cor 13:10, what does "The Perfect, (τὸ τέλειον)" refer to, and how would it have understood at the time it was written--not a hundred years later? 1 Cor. 13:10, NASB - 10 but when ...
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What is the difference between en/eis for Pauline “Faith in Christ” phrases?

Paul has several different phrases which all translate "Faith in Christ". This question pertains to the difference in meaning for faith in Christ where the English word "in" has a direct Greek word, ...
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When was Jesus's body 'broken'?

John says that Jesus's body won't be broken: Lu 22:19 (for context): And he took bread, and gave thanks, and brake it, and gave unto them, saying, This is my body which is given for you: this do ...
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Why doesn't St. Paul use LOVE for each of the members, when he lays out the Rules for a Christian Households [Col 3:18-20]?

In laying out Rules for a Christian Households, St. Paul says in: Colossians 3:18-20 (RSVCE) Rules for Christian Households 18 Wives, be subject to your husbands, as is fitting in the Lord. ...
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What do we know about Paul's family?

Related to What do we know about Paul's sister? I want to know more information about Paul's family. According to Acts 23:6 Paul's father was a pharisee: But when Paul perceived that the one ...
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Meaning of στοιχεῖον (stoicheion)

What does Paul mean by the word στοιχεῖον, and in particular the phrase τὰ στοιχεῖα τοῦ κόσμου? Here is a list of occurrences of the word in the New Testament. Feel free to respond concerning the ...
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Does Paul believe that God sandbagged the Jews with a law they couldn't keep?

In Galatians 3:10, Paul says: "For all who rely on works of the law are under a curse; for it is written, ‘Cursed be every one who does not abide by all things written in the book of the law, and do ...
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What is the significance of the phrase πιστὸς ὁ λόγος (“the faithful saying”) in Pauline epistles?

I was browsing the first epistle of Timotheos, and I noticed that the apostle Paulos sometimes preceded a statement by the Greek phrase πιστὸς ὁ λόγος (cp. 1 Tim. 1:15), which may be translated as "...
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Disqualification in 1 Cor. 9:27

In 1 Cor. 9:27, Paul says: But I discipline my body and keep it under control, lest after preaching to others I myself should be disqualified. (ESV) What is meant by being "disqualified"?
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What false teaching is Paul referring to when he says Hymenaeus and Philetus taught that “the resurrection has already happened”?

In 2 Timothy 2:16-8 (ESV) Paul writes: But avoid irreverent babble, for it will lead people into more and more ungodliness, and their talk will spread like gangrene. Among them are Hymenaeus and ...
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What was Luke's relationship to Paul regarding Christian matters, and thus their texts' relationships?

A comment in contention against this answer about early attestation of Luke's gospel in 1 Tim 5:18 being 1st century from Paul himself (where Paul would be referring to Luke's gospel as "Scripture") ...
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In Romans 2:4, is καταφρονέω more properly translated as 'presume' or 'despise'?

Question: In Romans 2:4, is καταφρονέω more properly translated into English as 'presume' or 'despise'? Details: This is a key point that Paul is making, but since 'presume' and 'despise' are two ...
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What does “overlooked” mean in Acts 17:30

Paul, after reasoning about idolatry in Athens, states: Therefore, although God has overlooked such times of ignorance, he now commands all people everywhere to repent, because he has set a day ...
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1 Cor 13:10 - Did Paul use “perfect” [teleios] in the sense of maturity? [duplicate]

After reading a discussion on the above mentioned verse, I am still left with a question. Doesn't the context determine that, "perfect" [2. teleios (τέλειος, 5046), “complete, perfect,” from telos, “...
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In what way has God been found by “those who did not seek” him (Romans 10:20)?

Then Isaiah is so bold as to say, “I have been found by those who did not seek me; I have shown myself to those who did not ask for me.” Romans 10:20 (ESV) According to Paul, in what way ...
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Why does Paul skip his usual blessing in Galatians, Titus, and 1 Timothy?

If we compare those three letters with those of Rom 1:8–10; 1 Cor 1:4–6; 2 Cor 1:3–7; Eph 1:1–10; Phil 1:4–6; Col 1:3–4; 1 Thess 1:2–3; 2 Thess 1:3–4; 2 Tim 1:3–4, we find that it doesn't begin with a ...
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Did Luke base the story of Paul's conversion on the ancient play, the Bacchae, by Euripides

Acts of the Apostles has three, somewhat different accounts of the conversion of Paul on the road to Damascus - Acts 9:3-8, 22:6-11 and 26:12-19. Not only does Paul never mention this experience, but ...
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Why are the three accounts of Paul's conversion on the road to Damascus different

Paul himself makes no mention of a conversion on the road to Damascus, whereas Acts of the Apostles has not one, but three accounts: At Acts 9:3-8, Paul was blinded by a light and fell down, then ...
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Is the sect of 'the Way' in Acts 24:14 the same as the sect of 'the Nazarenes' in Acts 24:5?

In Acts 24:14, Paul said that the Jews identifies 'the Way' as a sect. 14 But this I confess to you, that according to the Way, which they call a sect, I worship the God of our fathers, ...
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Why does Paul use the expression “fear and trembling” instead of simply “fear”?

On several occasions Paul used the words "Fear & Trembling" (Phil 2:12; 2 Corinthians 7:15; 1 Corinthians 2:3). This is often explained as reverence/respect, but why use both word when "fear" can ...
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What is the meaning of “his own vessel” and “defraud his brother” in 1 Thess 4:3-8?

1 Thes 4:3-8 For this is the will of God, your sanctification: that you should abstain from sexual immorality; that each of you should know how to possess his own vessel in sanctification and honor, ...
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Was Paul being facetious when he referred to a man going to Paradise in 2nd Corinthians chapter 12?

In this passage Paul referrers to man who appears to have ascended to the third Heaven, and in reading it seemed to me that Paul was expressing doubt about the man's claims. I was particularly struck ...
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Praying with spirit and understanding, simultaneously or sequentially?

In 1 Cor 14:15, does Paul say he will pray with both spirit and understanding (at the same time), or that he will pray with each (at different times)? Specifically, when Paul says he will "pray with ...
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What is the “weakness of God” in 1 Corinthians 1:25?

1 Corinthians 1:25 says: Because the foolishness of God is wiser than men, and the weakness of God is stronger than men. Has God ever been weak? What does it mean to say that God has weakness? ...
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Does Paul of Tarsus quote Talmud? [closed]

Does Paul(of Tarsus) ever quote from the Talmud?
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In Galatians 2:2, what was Paul afraid of?

After receiving a divine charge and 14 years of faithful labor Paul returns to Jerusalem concerned that it was all for nothing. Why was he concerned about that and what did he fear that the Jerusalem ...
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1 Thessalonians 2:18 - Was Satan hindering Paul or did Christ not want him to return?

1 Thessalonians 2:18 (KJV): Because we wanted to come to you - I, Paul, again and again, - but Satan hindered us. I am following a reading plan of Paul in the new testament and this is the first in ...
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What does it mean to be baptised for the dead? [duplicate]

1 Cor 15:29 (NASB) Otherwise, what will those do who are baptized for the dead? If the dead are not raised at all, why then are they baptized for them? What is the interpretation of this verse? I am ...
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Is Paul's sister in Acts 23:16 his biological sister?

Now the son of Paul’s sister heard of their ambush, so he went and entered the barracks and told Paul. Acts 23:16 (ESV) Is Paul's sister in Acts 23:16 his biological sister? If so,then, the ...
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Is Paul receiving the baptism of The Holy Spirit (in Acts 9:17-19) OR is something else happening here?

In Acts 9:17-19, I'm not seeing that the text itself ever says that Paul received The Holy Spirit. If you disagree, please do (hoping to get some clarity). I'm seeing that it says Ananias tells Paul ...
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When did Saul/Paul first go to Jerusalem

Asking because I am now reading Michael Grant's "Saint Paul" (1976). He lends credence to some argument p.14.5 that Luke's mention of Paul being at the stoning of Stephen as only a literary device ...
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Did Paul receive The Holy Spirit? [closed]

If you think Paul received The Holy Spirit, please explain the text where you feel this is expressed. Thanks-
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conformance of Acts with Pauline epistles

If an early (or possibly orthodox) date for the authorship of the Pauline epistles is posited (ie 50-60 CE), and a late date for Luke-Acts is simultaneously preferred (ie 100-125 CE), how is the ...
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In 1 Corinthians 15:3 is Paul saying that he was taught the significance of the death and resurrection of Jesus by men?

Paul recounts: ESV: 1Co 15:1 Now I would remind you, brothers, of the gospel I preached to you, which you received, in which you stand, 1Co 15:2 and by which you are being saved, if you ...
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¿Does 1 Corintians 15:29 says that the early church baptized the dead? [duplicate]

Paul says: "Now if there is no resurrection, what will those do who are baptized for the dead? If the dead are not raised at all, why are people baptized for them?" Is he saying that the early church,...
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Is Paul the last apostle?

In I Cor. 4:9, For I think that God hath set forth us the apostles last, as it were appointed to death: for we are made a spectacle unto the world, and to angels, and to men. Paul said that ...
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Does 1 Corinthians 8:5-6 favor henotheism?

The following verses do not say that there is only one God, they say there is only one God "for us". 1 Corinthians 8:5-6 (NIV) 5  For even if there are so-called gods, whether in heaven or ...
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The name “Jesus” in light of Philippians 2:9 [closed]

Philippians 2:9 NIV Therefore God exalted him to the highest place and gave him the name that is above every name, What exactly did Paul mean when he said that his name was above every ...
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The Second Greatest Commandment [closed]

Love your neighbor as yourself. - Matt 22:36-40 I would like to take appart this commandment in order to better understand it. These five words require an extensive analysis especially since there ...