Fourth book of the Hebrew Bible, and the fourth of five books of the Jewish Torah, covering most of the 40 years that Israel spent in the desert.

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What is a “covenant of salt”?

In Numbers 18:19, God says the holy contributions made by the people of Israel belong to Aaron and his descendants forever, as a "covenant of salt". I've never seen this term before. What does it ...
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38 views

Numbers 21:8 - real fiery serpent or manufactured?

Numbers 21:8 And the LORD said unto Moses: 'Make thee a fiery serpent, and set it upon a pole; and it shall come to pass, that every one that is bitten, when he seeth it, shall live.' ח ...
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33 views

Num. 15:36 in light of Deu. 31:28 & 31:30 - “All the congregation of Israel”

In Deu. 31:28, it is written, Gather unto me all the elders of your tribes, and your officers, that I may speak these words in their ears, and call heaven and earth to record against them. (KJV) ...
3
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1answer
63 views

Who is the woman from Cush?

In Numbers 12 we see that Miriam and Aaron speak against Moses because he married a woman from Cush. Numbers 12:1 (ESV) Miriam and Aaron spoke against Moses because of the Cushite woman whom he ...
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2answers
95 views

Who decided to send spies to Canaan

Numbers 13:1-2 records that God asked Moses to send men to spy the land of Canaan, Deuteronomy 1:21-23 records that it was Moses who sent the spies. Who actually sent the spies was it Moses or God?
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473 views

According to 1 Corinthians 10:1-4, does the Red Sea in Exodus 14:22 represent Jesus' Blood?

In 1 Corinthians 10:1-4 Paul gives an interpretation of what happened from the OT Exodus 14:22 & Numbers 20:11 as something that leads to baptism and Christ Himself. With that in mind, would it be ...
6
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278 views

Did Paul take the Nazarite vow in Cenchreae? If so, why this vow?

In Acts 18:18 the English Standard Version states: At Cenchreae he had cut his hair, for he was under a vow. The cross-references for this point to Numbers 6:2, 18 which describe the Nazarite ...
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109 views

Double-doubt about Numbers 12:6-8, the Speaker cannot be (or include) Jesus. (so no Trinity here) [closed]

The speaker of these verses cannot be (or include) Jesus, so where is there a Trinity here? Who is the LORD addressing in the text, and what is the lack of fear in speaking against Moses about? ...
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1answer
119 views

What was the 'testimony' that Aaron's rod was brought before?

Numbers 17:10 (KJV) And the LORD said unto Moses, Bring Aaron's rod again before the testimony, to be kept for a sign against the rebels; and you shall put away their murmurings from me, that they ...
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3answers
235 views

What is the meaning of the “inverted nuns” (׆ … ׆) around Numbers 10:35-36?

Numbers 10:35-36 (ESV) And whenever the ark set out, Moses said, “Arise, O Lord, and let your enemies be scattered, and let those who hate you flee before you.” And when it rested, he said, ...
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772 views

Moses' manufacture of the “bronze serpent” - what bronze?

In Numbers 21:9 it says: So Moses made a bronze snake and put it on a pole, so that if a snake had bitten someone, when he looked at the bronze snake he lived. [NET] Where would Moses probably ...
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466 views

Meek versus humble

In Numbers 12:3 and Psalm 10:17 the same Hebrew word is used, but they are often translated differently. Why did the translators choose two different words? What is the difference between meek and ...
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3answers
161 views

Moses and the Rock [duplicate]

Was Moses reprimanded in Exodus 17 and Numbers 20:10-13 for not speaking (therefore showing a lack of faith in the Lord’s abilities to turn Moses' weaknesses into strength (which was why the Lord put ...
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1answer
321 views

Numbers 22:22 Who sent the angel of the LORD to stop Balaam?

Did Satan stand against Balaam on his own zealous volition or did the LORD send him to stop Balaam? ויחר אף אלהים hot was nostril/wrath of G-d כי הולך הוא because went he ויתיצב מלאך יי בדרך and ...
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4answers
571 views

Did Moses call himself the “most humble man on the planet”?

Tradition holds that Moses wrote the first five books of the bible (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy). Though some believe it was a series of authors. If we stick to tradition, is ...
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171 views

What happened to Korah's third co-conspirator?

Numbers 16 begins (ESV): Now Korah the son of Izhar, son of Kohath, son of Levi, and Dathan and Abiram the sons of Eliab, and On the son of Peleth, sons of Reuben, took men They rebelled and ...
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168 views

Did Moses have a second wife?

In Numbers 12 Miriam and Aaron complained about Moses marrying a Cushite. But in Exodus 2, after he ran away to Midian, he married Reuel's daughter Zippora. That makes Zippora a Midianite, right? Are ...
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1k views

Did all the Israelite women and the male Levites 20+ years old die in the wilderness or not?

The Judgment of Wilderness Death NOTE: All English translations are NKJV When "all the congregation" refused to enter Canaan, with "all the children of Israel ... the whole congregation" complaining ...
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163 views

In Numbers 19 - What is Third day and Seventh day referring to?

In this verse: 11“Whoever touches a human corpse will be unclean for seven days. 12They must purify themselves with the water on the third day and on the seventh day; then they will be clean. ...
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1answer
284 views

Who are the children of Sheth Bileam talks about?

In Numbers 24:17 Balaam says to Balak that all the children of Sheth will be destroyed. Who are these children? In Genesis I read Enosh is a child of Sheth and Noah is a grand-grand-grand-child so ...
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4answers
344 views

What did priests do before the age of thirty?

The implication of Numbers 4 is that priests began serving in the temple when they were thirty years old. But what did they do before then? Were they expected to train to be priests? If so, were ...
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1answer
479 views

Who is the “star” that comes out of Jacob,and why will he crush the foreheads of Moab, and the skulls of all the sons of Sheth.?

In Numbers:24-17,with reference to Balaam's fourth Oracle,it is written, (NIV) "I see him but not now, I behold him, but not near. A star will come out of Jacob,a sceptre will rise out ...
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234 views

Numeral system in the time of the Genesis

Genesis 41:49 (King James Version) And Joseph gathered corn as the sand of the sea, very much, until he left numbering; for it was without number. Without being a perfect equivalent, this ...
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2answers
3k views

Why did Moses get away with intermarriage?

In the Hebrew bible we read that Moses did marry a Cushite: 12 Miriam and Aaron began to talk against Moses because of his Cushite wife, for he had married a Cushite. (Numbers 4:12, NIV) ...
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1answer
84 views

Numbers 12:2 Translation issue

One translation of Numbers 12:2 says: And they said, “Has the Lord indeed spoken only through Moses? Has he not spoken through us also?” And the Lord heard it. In the interlinear Bible I see the ...
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97 views

Numbers 12:2 - Translation Discrepancy - Did the Lord speak only through Moses?

Numbers 12:2 says: And they said, “Has the Lord indeed spoken only through Moses? Has he not spoken through us also?” And the Lord heard it. The word "through Moses" in Hebrew is בְּמֹשֶׁה֙ or ...
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4answers
244 views

After Israel repeatedly sinned, why is it said, “He has not observed iniquity in Jacob” (Num 23:21)?

Num 23:21 says, “He has not observed iniquity in Jacob, Nor has He seen wickedness in Israel. The Lord his God is with him," How can this be said about Israel, after all the times they rebelled ...
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1answer
5k views

Why does Moses change Hosea's name to Joshua?

Name changes throughout the Bible are pretty significant. Numbers 13:16 says that "Moses changed the name of Hosea son of Nun to Joshua." What is the significance of this name change? What are ...
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1answer
404 views

Who did Shelah (Judah's son) marry?

In Genesis we learn that Judah's sons Er and Onan died, and both of them were married to Tamar. Because of their deaths (and involvement with the same woman, Tamar), Judah thinks that Tamar has ...
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242 views

Interpreting Numbers 15:37-39 commandement about tzitzit

These commandments conveyed by God to Moses concern the "tzitzit", the fringes worn by men. Why does this pertain only to men? In these passages it says "speak to the children of Israel", not "speak ...
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Why Moses ordered to keep virgins alive but kill all non-virgins and males in Numbers 31:17-18?

Why was Moses ordered to keep the virgins alive but kill all non-virgins and males in Numbers 31:17-18. Is it equal to genocide, gendercide, and/or sexual slavery? Please explain from all aspects.
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Numbers 28: Is the difference between noun-adjective and genitive cases for the burnt offering significant?

I know that in Biblical Hebrew (and presumably other varieties), we see the construct "noun adjective", with the noun unmodified, such as parah adamah (red heifer, parah = heifer). We also see the ...
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148 views

Should the word 'satan' be left untranslated, merely be transliterated and left to the traditional connotations?

The word 'satan' is being used and heard as if it were a name. How could it be rendered in a way not distracting from its actual meaning of opposition and enmity? The texts where this is an issue are ...
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1answer
111 views

Why does Numbers 18:28 mention Aaron specifically by name?

Concerning the tithe of the tithe, Numbers 18:28 (LEB) states: So you will present your own contribution to Yahweh from all your tithes that you receive from the Israelites; from it you will give ...
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199 views

Why does Numbers 29:39 (LXX) refer to “your salvation” instead of “peace offerings”?

LXX reads: 39 ταῦτα ποιήσετε κυρίῳ ἐν ταῖς ἑορταῖς ὑμῶν πλὴν τῶν εὐχῶν ὑμῶν καὶ τὰ ἑκούσια ὑμῶν καὶ τὰ ὁλοκαυτώματα ὑμῶν καὶ τὰς θυσίας ὑμῶν καὶ τὰς σπονδὰς ὑμῶν καὶ τὰ σωτήρια ὑμῶν ESV says: 39 ...
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494 views

Whose idea was it to send the spies to scout the land of Israel?

In Numbers 13 we are told that God commanded Moshe to sends the twelve spies to scout out the land: 1 And the LORD spoke unto Moses, saying: 2 'Send thou men, that they may spy out the land of ...
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5answers
2k views

Why is the Bible so repetitive?

Some pieces of the Bible are repeated (several times even) without changes. Let's look at the book of Leviticus, especially chapters 13-16, which concerns laws about leprosy, mold, and bodily ...
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797 views

How is Deut. 2:29 reconciled with Num. 20:18-21?

After the Exodus, and prior to the conquest of Sihon and Og, Israel attempted to pass through Edom. (The Edomites were the descendents of Esau.) Numbers 20:18-21 records Edom's response as follows: ...
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1answer
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What does it mean to be a Nazirite?

In Numbers 6, God gives the rules for being a Nazirite. This person is set apart for service to God. There are rules they must follow and actions they must take or refrain from. They must not eat or ...
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2answers
965 views

How strong was Midian's army?

When Israel took vengeance on Midian they sent 12,000 troops (Numbers 31:4) and prevailed: אֶלֶף, לַמַּטֶּה, אֶלֶף, לַמַּטֶּה--לְכֹל מַטּוֹת יִשְׂרָאֵל, תִּשְׁלְחוּ לַצָּבָא. Of every tribe a ...
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Red Heifer or Heifer of Soil

How could we know if פרה אדמה in Num 19:2 refers either to a red cow (parah edumah) vs a cow of the soil (parah adamah)? I would like someone to analyse the issue morphologically, ...
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1answer
201 views

Did Moses need a human guide in the wilderness?

In the wilderness, the Israelites were guided by a cloud, spelt out with great emphasis in Numbers 9: 17And whenever the cloud lifted from over the tent, after that the people of Israel set out, ...
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What exactly did Moses do wrong at Meribah?

We read that God commanded Moses to speak to the rock at Meribah so that water could flow out of it. Instead, Moses struck the rock with his staff: Then Moses and Aaron gathered the assembly ...
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79 views

Who was taken captive in Numbers 21:1?

And the Canaanite, the king of Arad, who dwelt in the South, heard tell that Israel came by the way of Atharim; and he fought against Israel, and took some of them captive.—Numbers 21:1 (JPS) ...
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Why was the priestly exam of a woman suspected of adultery not applied to men (Numbers 5:11-31)?

In the book of Numbers, there is a very interesting test for a woman suspected of committing adultery. After some initial discussion, if the woman refuses to admit her sin, or is innocent, the priest ...
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3answers
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Why did the tabernacle use the colors blue, purple and scarlet?

I see a lot of blue in the tabernacle, and when moving it. For example: Then they are to cover the curtain with a durable leather, spread a cloth of solid blue over that and put the poles in ...
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73 views

Who are the brothers in Numbers 14:4?

Numbers 14:4 states that a man says to his brother that they should appoint a new head (of the Israelites) and return to Egypt. Who are these two brothers? And, if this is just a turn of phrase, why ...
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Was Balaam a true follower of Yahweh?

The idea that Balaam may have been a true follower (or even prophet) of Yahweh seems troubling on a number of fronts: How could there be a pre-Mosaic Yahweh-worshipper living near the Euphrates (Num ...
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1answer
876 views

Why did God “change His mind” with Balaam?

There are so many interesting questions regarding the account of Balaam in Numbers 22-24. But for now, let me focus on the one that is most puzzling to me: Why did the Lord seem to "waffle" in His ...
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How many people were involved in the Exodus?

According to Numbers 1:20-46 (NJPS): They totaled as follows: The descendants of Reuben, Israel’s first-born, the registration of the clans of their ancestral house, as listed by name, head by ...