The life of Jesus as presented by Matthew. The gospel covers His virginal birth to His death and resurrection. Matthew also presents Jesus as the Lion of Judah and the fulfillment of prophecy. It is placed first in the New Testament because many of the early church leaders believed it to be the ...

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What did Jesus mean by “be perfect” in the Sermon on the Mount?

I asked this on the Christianity Stack Exchange site, and they told me it would be better here. So I here I am asking it... Therefore you shall be perfect, just as your Father in heaven is ...
4
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10answers
1k views

Is Jesus Christ the name of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit?

Is the “name” of the Lord singular or collective in meaning? Matt 28:19 (KJV) 19 Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy ...
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2answers
61 views

What does “petra" mean in Mathew 16:18?

One of the answers to the question Are there any examples of sarcasm in the bible? on Christianity.SE states: Mathew 16:18 Jesus tells Peter (Greek--Petros--rock) that he's the "rock" (Gr: ...
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1answer
71 views

According to the Gospel of John, was Jesus always known as the Messiah?

The first mention to the title of Messiah (or Christ) in the Gospel of John is from Andrew testifying to Peter right after he met Jesus. John 1:41 He first found his own brother Simon, and said to ...
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2answers
4k views

Did Jesus teach people to literally pluck their eye out and cut their hand off?

The passage from the Sermon on the Mount (and see also Matthew 18:8-9) is a familiar one: "You have heard that it was said, 'You shall not commit adultery.' But I tell you that anyone who looks at ...
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1answer
2k views

Are the words “wife” and “woman” the same in Hebrew and Greek?

This question is related to one on Christianity.SE. Some say they are. Hence Jesus prohibition against looking at women with lust (as in Matthew 5:27-28) could mean prohibition against looking at ...
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3answers
2k views

What is really being said in Mathew 6:22-23

22“The eye is the lamp of the body. If your eyes are healthy, your whole body will be full of light. 23But if your eyes are unhealthy, your whole body will be full of darkness. If then the light ...
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1answer
155 views

What are the common solutions to the minor agreements of Matthew and Luke?

There are a number of points where Matthew and Luke agree against Mark in their reading, but which cannot be explained by their supposed reliance on the Q source. For instance, in the narrative of ...
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4answers
268 views

Could the Gospel of Matthew be dependent on Luke's Gospel?

Why is it that a possible Gospel dependency order of Mark-Luke-Matthew without requiring 'Q' is considered particularly unlikely, when compared to other possible solutions to the synoptic problem? Do ...
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2answers
2k views

Translation of “this generation will not pass away” in Matthew 24:34?

I'm curious specifically regarding the translation of the word "generation" here in Matthew 24:34, Mark 13:30, and Luke 21:32. Matthew 24:34 (NIV) Truly I tell you, this generation will ...
2
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1answer
39 views

What kind of entity does “φάντασμα” in Matthew 14:26 refer to?

In Matthew 14 when the disciples see Jesus walking on the water, ἐταράχθησαν λέγοντες ὅτι φάντασμά ἐστιν, καὶ ἀπὸ τοῦ φόβου ἔκραξαν. they were terrified, and said, “It is a ghost!” and they ...
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0answers
41 views

Exegesis of Matthew 13

I have read Robbins and Witheringtons different understanding of socio-rhetorical criticism and have better understood Ben Witherington III's method. But I need to better understand his method or ...
5
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1answer
390 views

Would the Pharisees go to Pilate and secure the tomb on the Sabbath?

This is in relation to another post in which the question was asked why the Sabbath was called "the day after the Day of Preparation." It strikes me odd that Pharisees would be about this sort of ...
6
votes
1answer
188 views

Matthew vs Levi in the Gospel according to Matthew

Referring to: Matthew 9:9 - "a man called Matthew" Mark 2:14 - "Levi the son of Alphaeus" Luke 5:27 - "a tax collector named Levi" Is it widely regarded that Levi and Matthew are the same person ...
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3answers
3k views

Reconciling the accounts of the calling of Simon Peter

How do you reconcile the two accounts of Jesus calling Peter? (Matt 4:18-19 and John 1:35-42) In the Matthew passage, Peter and Andrew are together fishing. In the John passage, Andrew was with John ...
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0answers
46 views

Does “the church” in Matthew 18:17 refer to the whole assembly?

In Matthew 18:17, Jesus' instructions on the brother who sins reach a climax: If he refuses to listen to them, tell it to the church. And if he refuses to listen even to the church, let him be to ...
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10answers
5k views

“How did Jesus' ”teaching with authority“ differ from the Scribes?”

In Matt. 7:28-29 the author inserts a narrative remark,"And it came to pass, when He had ended these sayings, the people were astonished at His doctrine: for He taught them as having authority, and ...
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1answer
56 views

By the phrase “οὔτε ἐν τῷ μέλλοντι”, was Jesus saying that there are sins that could be forgiven after death?

Reading Matthew 12:32 at face value, it seems that it's telling us that forgiveness can be obtained after death but Jesus won't contradict himself in Luke 16:20-25 (I mean, the rich man could easily ...
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0answers
33 views

What is the correct text of Matthew 16:22 in the Codex Vaticanus?

While translating Matthew 16 today, I ran across what the NET Bible calls a "highly elliptical expression" in verse 22: καὶ προσλαβόμενος αὐτὸν ὁ Πέτρος ἤρξατο ἐπιτιμᾶν αὐτῷ λέγων· Ἵλεώς σοι, ...
6
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3answers
187 views

What does it mean that the Son did not know the hour of his return in Matthew 24:36 // Mark 13:32?

I'm little lost here. Can somebody please help me with this? We have these two verses concerning the day when (as introduced in Mark 13:26 // Mark 24:30) the Son of Man returns in glory: But of ...
8
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2answers
332 views

Did Matthew intend “evil” or “the evil one” in the Lord’s Prayer?

I previously asked a question about how to understand these words in the language Jesus was originally speaking. However, the text we have is in Greek, and I realized I’m not as familiar with the ...
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1answer
42 views

Matthew 7:13-14: What is the straight gate and the narrow way?

What exactly is meant by the strait gate and the narrow way in the following passage? Is it possible to establish that based on the text? Enter ye in at the strait gate: for wide is the gate, and ...
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3answers
135 views

Did the disciples go out preaching to “Jews only”?

Acts 11:19 says, Now those who were scattered after the persecution that arose over Stephen traveled as far as Phoenicia, Cyprus, and Antioch, preaching the word to no one but the Jews only ...
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4answers
104 views

What does the parable about the leaven in the flour mean?

Matthew 13:33; Luke 13:20-21. Is this fulfilled? Matthew 13:33 (KJV): Another parable spake he unto them; The kingdom of heaven is like unto leaven, which a woman took, and hid in three measures ...
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2answers
126 views

Who is Matthew's intended audience for the Sermon on the Mount?

On another question, I've received several answers to the effect that the ethical teachings of the Sermon on the Mount aren't terribly relevant to Christians— that they were given to people ...
5
votes
1answer
113 views

Does Matthew 1:25 provide evidence for or against the perpetual virginity of Mary?

Matthew 1:25, regarding Joseph "knowing" Mary, reads: but knew her not until she had given birth to a son. And he called his name Jesus. (ESV) The word "until," in English, typically indicates ...
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3answers
627 views

In Matthew 14 Jesus walks on the water. What are the similarities between this account and the ancient Egyptian writings about Horus?

In Matthew 14 Jesus walks on the water. What are the similarities and differences between this account and the ancient Egyptian writings about Horus from Pyramid texts in 25th Century BC? For ...
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2answers
597 views

Why Were there 12 Baskets of Leftovers when feeding 5000?

Mathew 14:16-20 says, 16 Jesus replied, “They do not need to go away. You give them something to eat.” 17 “We have here only five loaves of bread and two fish,” they answered. 18 “Bring them ...
3
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0answers
43 views

Chronology of Matthew 14

In the parallel continuity of all 4 Gospels is Matthew 14:3-11 a pause in the narrative? Or did Jesus travel to Bethsaida (Luke) immediately following the beheading of John the Baptist? Matthew ...
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0answers
18 views

What is the meaning of the parable of the virgins and the Bridegroom [duplicate]

What is the meaning of the parable of the virgins who were waiting for the Bridegroom's return in Matthew 25:1-13?
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2answers
139 views

What words existed in Greek to express the concept “eternal”?

I have heard that the Greek word aiōnios is more literally translated "age-long", the adjective form of aiōn meaning "age". Aiōnios is translated as "eternal" in most bibles. I'm thinking ...
6
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3answers
117 views

What contingency is being expressed in Matthew 24:34 via the word “ἄν”?

In Matthew 24:34 (and Luke 21:32), Strong's word 302 is used, but most English translations don't include it. Strong's indicates that it generally denotes "supposition, wish, possibility or ...
6
votes
4answers
812 views

What does it mean for the kingdom of heaven to suffer violence?

And from the days of John the Baptist until now the kingdom of heaven suffers violence, and the violent take it by force. (Matthew 11:12, NKJV) What does this verse mean?
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7answers
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What is the difference in the Kingdom of Heaven and the Kingdom of God?

Some assert the Kingdom of Heaven and the Kingdom of God refer to the same thing while others say they are different. Which is accurate? For example: Luke 17:21 uses Kingdom of God while Matthew ...
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3answers
2k views

“Until they see the kingdom of God” in Luke 9:27 and parallels

What are the possible interpretations of "will not taste death until they see the kingdom of God"? Which is most likely correct? Luke 9:27: But I say to you truthfully, there are some of those ...
7
votes
1answer
166 views

Understanding of Matthew 25:31

I am reading from the book of Matthew at chapter 25:31 in the NIV bible and the heading is called "The Sheep and the Goats" and reads When the Son of Man comes in his glory, and all the angels ...
5
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2answers
88 views

Why are the disciples called “little” in Matthew?

At the end of the missionary discourse in Matthew, Jesus refers to his disciples as "little ones": 10:42 — "And if anyone gives even a cup of cold water to one of these little ones who is my ...
5
votes
5answers
215 views

What can we infer from the different nativity accounts in Matthew and Luke?

The gospels attributed to Matthew and Luke narrate very different stories about the birth of Jesus. Matthew says that Jesus' family was from Bethlehem, that wise men brought gifts to their home, that ...
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0answers
19 views

Be Perfect as I am perfect [duplicate]

Why would Jesus use the Word "perfect" to describe how we should be in Matthew? Be perfect as I am perfect. He was talking about how we should love; but says that we should be perfect. What does ...
4
votes
2answers
299 views

How should we understand the quotations and translations of “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?”

In Matthew 27:46, the author quotes Jesus (NA28, ESV): ηλι ηλι λεμα σαβαχθανι; Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani? and translates: Θεέ μου θεέ μου, ἱνατί με ἐγκατέλιπες; My God, my God, why have ...
3
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1answer
330 views

Matt. 22:15-22 says, “Give back to Caesar what is Caesar's and to God what is God's.”Did Jesus proclaim a separation of church and state?

Justice Clarence Thomas said recently "In our society, marriage is not simply a governmental institution; it is a religious institution as well. Today's decision might change the former, but it cannot ...
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4answers
4k views

What does the oil in the ten virgins parable represent?

The parable of the ten virgins is found in Matthew 25:1-12. Verses 8-9 (ESV) read: And the foolish said to the wise, ‘Give us some of your oil, for our lamps are going out.’ But the wise ...
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4answers
2k views

Misleading “but” in Matthew 5:22 KJV?

But I say unto you, That whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment: and whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be in danger of the council: ...
5
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2answers
384 views

Does “Thou hast said”equate to “yes”?

I have encountered "Thou hast said" number of times in the N.T. Perhaps, it can also be found in O.T. I wonder if it is absolutely synonymous to "yes" or it is a way of implying "yes" while not ...
7
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1answer
113 views

1 Cor 7 27 and Matt. 19:11-12: Marriage vs. Celibacy

Paul in 1 Cor 7:27, says 25 Now about virgins: I have no command from the Lord, but I give a judgment as one who by the Lord’s mercy is trustworthy. 26 Because of the present crisis, I think that ...
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5answers
6k views

Why pray, “lead us not into temptation”?

Those famous words from The Lord's Prayer, Matthew 6:13: And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from the evil one. I find puzzling. Why would anyone ask God not to lead is into ...
4
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1answer
114 views

What is the correct translation and meaning of Matt. 11:19?

Matt. 11:19 says,(KJV) " The Son of man came eating and drinking, and they say, Behold a man gluttonous, and a winebibber, a friend of publicans and sinners. But wisdom is justified of her ...
3
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1answer
112 views

Parable of Ten Virgins: is Jesus' message “stay awake”?

In Matthew 25 Jesus gives the parable of the Ten Virgins. The point of the parable appears to be that one should be prepared. All ten of the virgins fall asleep. But then in verse 13 Jesus appears to ...
3
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3answers
248 views

At what point in his narrative does the prophet Yona appear to die?

Christ essentially appealed to Yona being dead three days and three nights in the heart of the sea as proof that he too would be dead three days and three nights in the heart of the earth (i.e., the ...
7
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3answers
597 views

Is the Son of Man passage in Matthew 25 a reference to 1 Enoch?

I've mostly heard Jesus's Son of Man title considered to be a reference to Daniel (7:13-14; 8:16-18), but the use in Matthew 25:31 of "the son of man....on the throne of his glory" sounds a lot like ...