The life of Jesus as presented by Matthew. The gospel covers His virginal birth to His death and resurrection. Matthew also presents Jesus as the Lion of Judah and the fulfillment of prophecy. It is placed first in the New Testament because many of the early church leaders believed it to be the ...

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13
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8answers
2k views

How is it that Jesus could be “three days and three nights in the heart of the earth”?

This verse is usually interpreted as a prophetic word by Jesus about Himself: Matthew 12:40: For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly; so shall the Son of man be three ...
3
votes
1answer
108 views

How was “let him take up his cross” understood by Jesus's audience?

Matthew 16:24 SBLGNT Εἴ τις θέλει ὀπίσω μου ἐλθεῖν, ἀπαρνησάσθω ἑαυτὸν καὶ ἀράτω τὸν σταυρὸν αὐτοῦ καὶ ἀκολουθείτω μοι. ESV If anyone would come after me, let him deny himself and take up ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

Was there only one carpenter in the village?

According to Matthew 13:55: Isn't this the carpenter's son? Isn't his mother named Mary? And aren't his brothers James, Joseph, Simon, and Judas? (NET) οὐχ οὗτός ἐστιν ὁ τοῦ τέκτονος υἱός; ...
7
votes
2answers
352 views

Is the Son of Man passage in Matthew 25 a reference to 1 Enoch?

I've mostly heard Jesus's Son of Man title considered to be a reference to Daniel (7:13-14; 8:16-18), but the use in Matthew 25:31 of "the son of man....on the throne of his glory" sounds a lot like ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Who are the Sheep and the Goats in Matthew 25?

Soldarnal has already asked who are "the least of these my brothers" in Matthew 25. But I think we also need to ask who are the sheep and the goats? Matthew 25:31-46 we read When the Son of ...
7
votes
1answer
115 views

What evidence supports Matthew as Paul's source?

There is a noteworthy scholarly position that Matthew was the first Gospel written. As such, it may have even been the first New Testament book written. If this is correct, it is likely that Matthew ...
6
votes
6answers
1k views

Why doesn't Jesus give away all his money?

Jesus, said this: Jesus said to him, “If you would be perfect, go, sell what you possess and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven; and come, follow me.” ESV, Matthew 19:21 But ...
9
votes
2answers
3k views

What was the purpose of giving Jesus vinegar to drink?

What was the purpose of giving Jesus vinegar to drink ? (Mark 15:23, Matthew 27:34) Some think it was a way to mock Jesus, but others argue that the "vinegar" (with gall) was the diluted wine drunk ...
3
votes
1answer
215 views

What did Jesus mean when he called the Pharisees “A brood of vipers”?

In Matthew 12:34 when Jesus is speaking to the Pharisees it is written, (NIV) You brood of vipers,how can you who are evil say anything good? For out of the overflow of the heart the mouth ...
9
votes
3answers
168 views

Matthew originally written in Hebrew?

I recently came across a post which suggested that Mathew was originally written in Hebrew. I had never heard this before... is this a significant scholarly position? If so, what evidence supports it? ...
3
votes
2answers
122 views

What would Peter “bind” or “loose” on earth?

In Matthew 16 Jesus tells Peter that, as the rock on which his church will be built, he’d bind or loose things on earth. Matthew 16:18-19 (KJV) And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, ...
7
votes
2answers
832 views

What does the word “Sword” mean in Mathew 10:24

Matthew 10:34 New International Version (NIV) 34 “Do not suppose that I have come to bring peace to the earth. I did not come to bring peace, but a sword. How do we understand Jesus use of ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

Meaning of Matthew 16:28 [duplicate]

None the disciples who heard Jesus speak the words of Mat 16:28 is alive today. So what did Jesus really mean? What is it that some of them would see in their lifetime? Matthew 16:28 “Truly I tell ...
8
votes
5answers
2k views

What did Jesus mean by “be perfect” in the Sermon on the Mount?

I asked this on the Christianity Stack Exchange site, and they told me it would be better here. So I here I am asking it... Therefore you shall be perfect, just as your Father in heaven is ...
10
votes
3answers
2k views

What is the sign of the Son of Man?

What is the sign of the Son of Man spoken of in Matthew 24:30?— At that time the sign of the Son of Man will appear in the sky, and all the nations of the earth will mourn. They will see the ...
12
votes
5answers
12k views

What is the difference in the Kingdom of Heaven and the Kingdom of God?

Some assert the Kingdom of Heaven and the Kingdom of God refer to the same thing while others say they are different. Which is accurate? For example: Luke 17:21 uses Kingdom of God while Matthew ...
3
votes
3answers
114 views

“Adultery in your heart” verse

Matthew 5:27–28: Ἠκούσατε ὅτι ἐρρέθη· οὐ μοιχεύσεις. ἐγὼ δὲ λέγω ὑμῖν ὅτι πᾶς ὁ βλέπων γυναῖκα πρὸς τὸ ἐπιθυμῆσαι αὐτὴν ἤδη ἐμοίχευσεν αὐτὴν ἐν τῇ καρδίᾳ αὐτοῦ. “You heard it was said, ‘Do ...
3
votes
0answers
60 views

What does “Be perfect” in Mathew 5:48 entail? [duplicate]

What, exactly, does Jesus mean when He says, «Be perfect, therefore, as your heavenly Father is perfect» in Matthew 5:48? Is this a reference to the preceding list (i.e. does it entail "turning the ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

What is the Greek meaning of “this” in Matthew 16:18?

And I tell you, you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. (Matthew 16:18 ESV) Taking this verse at face value - it appears ...
4
votes
2answers
524 views

Parable of the sower, the seed which fell on stony places?

In Matthew 13, concerning the parable of the sower, Matthew says: Some fell on stony places, where they did not have much earth; and they immediately sprang up because they had no depth of earth. ...
0
votes
1answer
146 views

What position in society did the teachers of the law hold?

Matthew 23:27-28 (NIV): 27"Woe to you, teachers of the law and Pharisees, you hypocrites! You are like whitewashed tombs, which look beautiful on the outside but on the inside are full of the ...
6
votes
2answers
242 views

What is meant by “inherit the earth”?

What is meant by "[X] shall inherit the earth"? This phrase is found countless times in the scripture (cf. Psalm 37:11, Matthew 5:5), but should this be interpreted as a physical possession of land? ...
9
votes
2answers
487 views

What is the meaning of “violence” in Matthew 11:12?

In Matthew 11:12, Jesus said, "And from the days of John the Baptist until now the kingdom of heaven suffereth violence, and the violent take it by force." Luke 16:16 is often given as a companion ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

Does the use of “when” rather than “if” in Matthew 6 imply a necessity?

When in Matthew chapter 6 Jesus is talking about giving (vv.2-4), prayer (vv.5-15), and fasting (vv.16-18), the phrasing "So when you give", "When you fast", etc. is used, not "If you give", "If you ...
0
votes
1answer
78 views

What words existed in Greek to express the concept “eternal”?

I have heard that the Greek word aiōnios is more literally translated "age-long", the adjective form of aiōn meaning "age". Aiōnios is translated as "eternal" in most bibles. I'm thinking ...
7
votes
4answers
453 views

Was the word ἐπιούσιον used prior to the Lord's prayer? What does it mean?

The word ἐπιούσιον has been translated in numerous ways, but the greatest modern consensus is to translate the word as 'daily.' Was the word ἐπιούσιον used prior to the Lord's prayer (Matthew 6:11; ...
6
votes
2answers
220 views

In the Peshitta, what is the difference between the original word translated “Sabbath” and that translated “week?”

In Matthew 28:1 of the Aramaic Peshitta text, the word translated "Sabbath" and the word translated "week" appear similar but with slight variation. Does anyone know what the significance is of the ...
4
votes
1answer
259 views

What is the name of Jesus in the Peshitta text?

In Matthew 1:21 what is the name of Jesus in the Peshitta text? Is it the same as the name given in Luke 3:29, Acts 7:45 and Hebrews 4:8 which is rendered as Joshua in English?
10
votes
3answers
6k views

If Joshua can be translated why Is the name of Jesus translated “Jesus” but his name in hebrew was Joshua?

This question is in regard to Matthew 1:21, "His name shall be called Jesus for he will save his people from their sins." The question has two parts. 1) Strongs equates the name "Jesus" with the ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

What's the root definition of the word “judge” in Matthew 7:1?

What is the root definition of the word judge in the below scripture? Does it correlate to the currently accepted definition of judge? Judge not, that ye be not judged. (Matthew 7:1 KJV) ...
4
votes
1answer
206 views

Is Matthew 13:18-23 specific to Matthew's congregation?

Is there any textual evidence to suggest that the explanations to Jesus' parables such as the explanation given to the disciples regarding the Parable of the Sower in Matthew 13:18-23 were not Jesus' ...
10
votes
1answer
1k views

“Until they see the kingdom of God” in Luke 9:27 and parallels

What are the possible interpretations of "will not taste death until they see the kingdom of God"? Which is most likely correct? Luke 9:27: But I say to you truthfully, there are some of those ...
7
votes
4answers
11k views

Meaning of “Where there is a dead body, there the vultures will gather.”

In Matthew 24:28 and Luke 17:37, Jesus uses the phrase "Where there is a dead body, there the vultures will gather." Was Jesus speaking in a parable? Idiom? How has this phrase been interpreted?
21
votes
2answers
415 views

What are good contextual clues that a passage is meant to be read as hyperbole?

Today in conversation with an atheist we ran into trouble over this passage in Matthew: Mathew 18:9 (ESV) And if your eye causes you to sin, tear it out and throw it away. It is better for you ...
10
votes
2answers
823 views

Is the Greek of “you” in Mathew 18 singular or plural and what does this say about who is granted authority?

I don't know very much Greek at all, but I'm very curious about the translation of the word "you" in Matthews gospel. In Matthew 16:19 he seems to be speaking directly to Peter when using the word ...
7
votes
3answers
229 views

What does “on earth as it is in heaven” cover?

The first three subprayers of the Lord's Prayer are: "Hallowed be your name. Your kingdom come, your will be done, on earth as it is in heaven" (Matthew 6:9-10; Luke 11:2). I have always assumed that ...
4
votes
3answers
98 views

Why is the lesson of the fig tree a “parable”?

Unless I have a misunderstanding about what a parable is, I feel that this is not a parable: Matthew 24:32 (KJV) Now learn a parable of the fig tree; When his branch is yet tender, and putteth ...
9
votes
3answers
3k views

Forgive us our “debts”? “sins”? “trespasses”? Which is the most accurate translation?

It seems that there are three popular versions of this passage in the Lord's prayer. "Forgive us our sins", "Forgive us our debts", and "Forgive us our trespasses". I see one version here in the ...
2
votes
1answer
100 views

powers of the heavens

What is meant exactly by the "powers of the heavens" in Matt:24:29? Matt 24:29-30 (KJV) Immediately after the tribulation of those days shall the sun be darkened, and the moon shall not give ...
8
votes
3answers
292 views

“blashemy against the Spirit will not be forgiven” — Is “forgiven” the best word for what is meant?

Matthew 12:30-32: “Whoever is not with me is against me, and whoever does not gather with me scatters. And so I tell you, every kind of sin and slander can be forgiven, but blasphemy against the ...
2
votes
2answers
102 views

Winter refers to what climate

I believe the Bible mentions "winter" a total of 16 times. (I am hopeful the following is an appropriate question) For example Matthew 24:20 Pray that your flight will not take place in winter or ...
12
votes
7answers
1k views

What does it mean for Jesus to fulfill the law?

In Matthew 5:17, Jesus says he didn't come to abolish the law or Prophets but to fulfill them. What does it mean to "fulfill the law"?
3
votes
3answers
119 views

Is there an issue with translating the word “worshiped” in Matthew 14:33?

Matthew 14:32-33 reads: 32 And when they climbed into the boat, the wind died down. 33 Then those who were in the boat worshiped him, saying, “Truly you are the Son of God.” I have recently been ...
11
votes
4answers
4k views

Why pray, “lead us not into temptation”?

Those famous words from The Lord's Prayer, Matthew 6:13: And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from the evil one. I find puzzling. Why would anyone ask God not to lead is into ...
9
votes
3answers
217 views

Is loving your neighbour more than yourself allowed?

Someone just came to me arguing that the second of the biggest commandments is also a commandment to love oneself. And the second is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

Was Barabbas' given name Jesus?

The ESV is typical in it's rendering of Barabbas' name: Now at the feast the governor was accustomed to release for the crowd any one prisoner whom they wanted. And they had then a notorious ...
15
votes
5answers
9k views

Why is the “give to Caesar what is Caesar's” answer so great?

After being asked whether it was right to pax taxes, Jesus repies: “Give to Caesar what is Caesar’s, and to God what is God’s.” Why is that an answer that "amazed" them? To a modern person, it ...
3
votes
1answer
55 views

Translation of ἀετοί in Matthew 24:28

I know that another question focuses on the meaning of the phrase in which this word is used, but I am only interested in the translation of the word itself (most answers to that question take the ...
10
votes
5answers
3k views

Who is being “taken” in Matthew 24:40-41?

Matthew 24:40-41 (ESV) Then two men will be in the field; one will be taken and one left. Two women will be grinding oat at the mill; one will be taken and one left. One of the interpretations ...
7
votes
3answers
224 views

On what basis do some modern Bible manuscripts omit Matt. 17:21?

According to Constantin Tischendorf's critical apparatus (p. 103, footnote for. v. 21) of Matt. 17:21, ϛ Ln Ti τοῦτο δὲ το γένος (aethppl et talis) οὐκ ἐκπορεύεται (אbG εκβαλλετ. , ti2 al15 ...