The life of Jesus as presented by Matthew. The gospel covers His virginal birth to His death and resurrection. Matthew also presents Jesus as the Lion of Judah and the fulfillment of prophecy. It is placed first in the New Testament because many of the early church leaders believed it to be the ...

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What are the “powers of the heavens” in Matthew 24:29?

What is meant exactly by the "powers of the heavens" in Matthew 24:29? Matt 24:29-30 (KJV) Immediately after the tribulation of those days shall the sun be darkened, and the moon shall not give ...
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2answers
7k views

Was Barabbas' given name Jesus?

The ESV is typical in it's rendering of Barabbas' name: Now at the feast the governor was accustomed to release for the crowd any one prisoner whom they wanted. And they had then a notorious ...
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2answers
350 views

What does it mean in Matthew 24:15 and Mark 13:14 when the text says, “Whoso readeth, let him understand”?

I have seen that this remark is a redaction, but most reliable sources say that it was included in the original texts sometime in the 1st Century, most likely 66-70 CE. Commentaries over the direct ...
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2answers
8k views

Who are eunuchs of their mother's womb?

For there are some eunuchs, which were so born from [their] mother's womb: and there are some eunuchs, which were made eunuchs of men: and there be eunuchs, which have made themselves eunuchs for ...
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1answer
87 views

Comparing Matt 18:15-20 with Jn 20:21-23

Is there a legitimate contextual comparison between what Jesus teaches in Matthew 18:15-20 (certain disciplinary functions working in an assembly of people in God's name) and the text in John ...
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59 views

ὀλιγοπιστίαν vs ἀπιστίαν in Mat 17:20

Is their faith little or absent? ὀλιγοπιστίαν (little faith) is found in Sinaiticus and Vaticanus, but ἀπιστίαν (lack of faith) is in the textus receptus and the majority text and goes back, as far ...
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573 views

What would Peter “bind” or “loose” on earth?

In Matthew 16 Jesus tells Peter that, as the rock on which his church will be built, he’d bind or loose things on earth. Matthew 16:18-19 (KJV) And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, ...
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1answer
121 views

Translation of ἀετοί in Matthew 24:28

I know that another question focuses on the meaning of the phrase in which this word is used, but I am only interested in the translation of the word itself (most answers to that question take the ...
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1answer
840 views

The meaning of the phrase “mustard seed”? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Does Jesus always use the mustard seed to signify the property of “smallness”? The phrase "mustard seed" is found in the New Testament several times. I am not sure, ...
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2answers
3k views

What is the socio-historical significance of the “cup of cold water” in Matthew 10:42

In Matthew 10:40-42, Jesus identifies himself with his disciples and lays some expectations for how he expects them to be treated. I'm curious, though, about the the significance of his "cup of cold ...
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1answer
154 views

Should Matthew 27:6-7 Be Taken as a Demonstration of Hypocrisy?

Would the people who heard Matthew's account of what was done with the 30 silver pieces have understood that to be a hypocritical act by the chief priests? 6 And the chief priests took the pieces ...
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63 views

What does Mt 10:5-7 tell us exactly?

In the text "Go not into the way of the Gentiles, and into any city of Samaritans enter not: but go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel." does Christ place restrictions on the preaching of ...
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63 views

Matthew 3:4 - does ζώνην δερματίνην περὶ τὴν ὀσφὺν αὐτοῦ epexegetically modify τὸ ἔνδυμα αὑτοῦ ἀπὸ τριχῶν καμήλου?

The Greek text of Matt. 3:4: Αὐτὸς δὲ ὁ Ἰωάννης εἶχεν τὸ ἔνδυμα αὑτοῦ ἀπὸ τριχῶν καμήλου, καὶ ζώνην δερματίνην περὶ τὴν ὀσφὺν αὑτοῦ ἡ δὲ τροφὴ αὐτοῦ ἦν ἀκρίδες, καὶ μέλι ἄγριον TR, 1550 Is it ...
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52 views

What is the correct text of Matthew 16:22 in the Codex Vaticanus?

While translating Matthew 16 today, I ran across what the NET Bible calls a "highly elliptical expression" in verse 22: καὶ προσλαβόμενος αὐτὸν ὁ Πέτρος ἤρξατο ἐπιτιμᾶν αὐτῷ λέγων· Ἵλεώς σοι, ...
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73 views

Chronology of Matthew 14

In the parallel continuity of all 4 Gospels is Matthew 14:3-11 a pause in the narrative? Or did Jesus travel to Bethsaida (Luke) immediately following the beheading of John the Baptist? Matthew ...
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52 views

Is the use of the smallest possible example meant to indicate a complete absence of faith in Jesus sayings related to mustard seeds? [duplicate]

Jesus tells his disciples that they don't even have faith as big as a mustard seed: Τότε προσελθόντες οἱ μαθηταὶ τῷ Ἰησοῦ κατ᾽ ἰδίαν εἶπον· διὰ τί ἡμεῖς οὐκ ἠδυνήθημεν ἐκβαλεῖν αὐτό; ὁ δὲ λέγει ...
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64 views

What does “Be perfect” in Mathew 5:48 entail? [duplicate]

What, exactly, does Jesus mean when He says, «Be perfect, therefore, as your heavenly Father is perfect» in Matthew 5:48? Is this a reference to the preceding list (i.e. does it entail "turning the ...
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0answers
54 views

In light of the larger context surrounding Matt 10:28, Who is it that the disciples should fear? [duplicate]

Matt 10:28 - And fear not them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul: but rather fear him which is able to destroy both soul and body in hell. It seems the general consensus ...
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1answer
601 views

Was baptism practiced by first-century Jews?

In Matthew 3:13-17 Jesus is baptized by John. Is baptism a Jewish practice? Based on Jesus the Phoenician baptism used to be practiced by Canaanites, not Jews. Is this claim true or false?
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26k views

What did Jesus mean by “the queen of the South”?

Answering a different question, I noticed this passage: Then some of the scribes and Pharisees answered him, saying, “Teacher, we wish to see a sign from you.” But he answered them, “An evil and ...
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1answer
3k views

Definition of light in Matthew 5:16

Matthew 5:14-16 14 “You are the light of the world. A city on a hill cannot be hidden. 15 Neither do people light a lamp and put it under a bowl. Instead they put it on its stand, and it gives ...
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1answer
4k views

Are the words “wife” and “woman” the same in Hebrew and Greek?

This question is related to one on Christianity.SE. Some say they are. Hence Jesus prohibition against looking at women with lust (as in Matthew 5:27-28) could mean prohibition against looking at ...
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1answer
183 views

What is the Greek meaning of “this” in Matthew 16:18?

And I tell you, you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. (Matthew 16:18 ESV) Taking this verse at face value - it appears ...
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1answer
57 views

What kind of entity does “φάντασμα” in Matthew 14:26 refer to?

In Matthew 14 when the disciples see Jesus walking on the water, ἐταράχθησαν λέγοντες ὅτι φάντασμά ἐστιν, καὶ ἀπὸ τοῦ φόβου ἔκραξαν. they were terrified, and said, “It is a ghost!” and they ...
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1answer
108 views

Why did Jesus say “Get behind me, Satan! You are a stumbling block to me…” towards Peter?

Matthew 16:21 - 28. Peter is not Satan. Who is Jesus talking to and about?
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2answers
128 views

Winter refers to what climate

I believe the Bible mentions "winter" a total of 16 times. (I am hopeful the following is an appropriate question) For example Matthew 24:20 Pray that your flight will not take place in winter or ...
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1answer
78 views

What is the significance of the term 'bread falling from the table '?

What is the historical background of the mention of 'bread falling from the table' as is seen in Matthew 15:27 (NIV): “Yes it is, Lord,” she said. “Even the dogs eat the crumbs that fall from their ...
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1answer
82 views

Did the author intend to write Asa or Asaph in Matthew 1:7-8?

Both the King James and the NIV (following the received text and the Chronicler) name Asa as the father of Jehoshaphat in Matthew 1:8. The ESV, however, follows the older manuscripts and names him as ...
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2answers
84 views

By the phrase “οὔτε ἐν τῷ μέλλοντι”, was Jesus saying that there are sins that could be forgiven after death?

Reading Matthew 12:32 at face value, it seems that it's telling us that forgiveness can be obtained after death but Jesus won't contradict himself in Luke 16:20-25 (I mean, the rich man could easily ...
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1answer
66 views

Difference in the number of demon-possessed men in gospels

Mark 5:1ff and Matthew 8:28ff talk about one demon possessed man and two demon possessed men respectively. How are the differences justified?
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2answers
415 views

Did Jesus promise literal food and clothing in Matthew 6:33?

In Matthew 6:33 Jesus said, "But seek first the kingdom of God and his righteousness, and all these things will be added to you" (ESV). Was Jesus promising his followers that as long as they put him ...
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2answers
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Who are the little ones in Matt 18:5, 6, and 10?

Matthew 18:1-6, 10 1At that time the disciples came to Jesus, saying, “Who is the greatest in the kingdom of heaven?” 2And calling to him a child, he put him in the midst of them 3and said, ...
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1answer
102 views

Matthew 7:13-14: What is the straight gate and the narrow way?

What exactly is meant by the strait gate and the narrow way in the following passage? Is it possible to establish that based on the text? Enter ye in at the strait gate: for wide is the gate, and ...
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1answer
84 views

Does the use of “when” rather than “if” in Matthew 6 imply a necessity?

When in Matthew chapter 6 Jesus is talking about giving (vv.2-4), prayer (vv.5-15), and fasting (vv.16-18), the phrasing "So when you give", "When you fast", etc. is used, not "If you give", "If you ...
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1answer
181 views

Angels of God in Luke 12:8

In Matthew 10:32, Jesus says that those who acknowledge him before others he will acknowledge before his "Father in Heaven." Luke 12:8 has a similar saying, where Jesus says that if anyone ...
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0answers
60 views

What did Jesus mean when he said,“lead us not into temptation”? [duplicate]

I recently asked a question about free will. When I did some research into my question, I discovered another text in the new testament regarding how a follower of Christ should pray. I am interested ...
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1answer
146 views

What does “petra" mean in Mathew 16:18?

One of the answers to the question Are there any examples of sarcasm in the bible? on Christianity.SE states: Mathew 16:18 Jesus tells Peter (Greek--Petros--rock) that he's the "rock" (Gr: ...
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2answers
315 views

Did Jesus subject Himself to the law of the land by paying the temple tax?

Did Jesus give in to political pressure by paying the temple tax as recorded in Matthew 17? But so that we may not cause offense, go to the lake and throw out your line. Take the first fish you ...
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1answer
229 views

The names Levi and Matthew

One question I have is regarding some names. I’ve read of name changes and different names being from different languages (e.g. “Matthew was the Greek name and Levi was the Hebrew name”), but I could ...
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2answers
520 views

Does Scripture imply that Judas knew that the high-priests and elders' goal was to have Jesus killed?

Did Judas know that high-priests and elders' goal was to have Jesus killed? Gospel of Matthew tells us that he committed suicide before Jesus was crucified: Then Judas, which had betrayed him, ...
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1answer
801 views

What is the correct interpretation of Matthew 7:6?

6“Do not give dogs what is holy, and do not throw your pearls before pigs, lest they trample them underfoot and turn to attack you. ESV Popular interpretations of this verse do not seem to fit ...
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2answers
142 views

What words existed in Greek to express the concept “eternal”?

I have heard that the Greek word aiōnios is more literally translated "age-long", the adjective form of aiōn meaning "age". Aiōnios is translated as "eternal" in most bibles. I'm thinking ...
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1answer
39 views

Matthew 10:38 What Cross? [duplicate]

What cross is Matthew (quoting Jesus) talking about here? Matthew 10:38 And he that taketh not his cross, and followeth after me, is not worthy of me.
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1answer
44 views

What is currently the earliest reference for the title of, “According to Matthew”

The title for the Gospel of Matthew, "According to Matthew". Does anyone know who and when the earliest reference was made that St. Matthew wrote his own Gospel?
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1answer
108 views

According to the Gospel of John, was Jesus always known as the Messiah?

The first mention to the title of Messiah (or Christ) in the Gospel of John is from Andrew testifying to Peter right after he met Jesus. John 1:41 He first found his own brother Simon, and said to ...
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4answers
230 views

What does the parable about the leaven in the flour mean?

Matthew 13:33; Luke 13:20-21. Is this fulfilled? Matthew 13:33 (KJV): Another parable spake he unto them; The kingdom of heaven is like unto leaven, which a woman took, and hid in three measures ...
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1answer
76 views

Was there only one carpenter in the village?

According to Matthew 13:55: Isn't this the carpenter's son? Isn't his mother named Mary? And aren't his brothers James, Joseph, Simon, and Judas? (NET) οὐχ οὗτός ἐστιν ὁ τοῦ τέκτονος υἱός; ...
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1answer
358 views

Who purchased the field where Judas died? [duplicate]

According to the original text of Acts 1:18, Judas purchased the field (not acquired/obtained). According to Matthew 27, the chief priests bought it. Acts 1:18 Now this man purchased a field with the ...
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3answers
692 views

In Matthew 14 Jesus walks on the water. What are the similarities between this account and the ancient Egyptian writings about Horus?

In Matthew 14 Jesus walks on the water. What are the similarities and differences between this account and the ancient Egyptian writings about Horus from Pyramid texts in 25th Century BC? For ...
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2answers
40 views

Matthew 12:40 Using Common Idiomatic Language?

Matthew 12:40 quotes the Messiah saying that He would be in the "heart of the earth" for 3 days and 3 nights. I think the majority of folks believe that the crucifixion took place on the 6th day of ...