The life of Jesus as presented by Matthew. The gospel covers His virginal birth to His death and resurrection. Matthew also presents Jesus as the Lion of Judah and the fulfillment of prophecy. It is placed first in the New Testament because many of the early church leaders believed it to be the ...

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Why is Hadēs translated as “hell”?

In Matt. 16:18 (KJV), it is written, And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. κἀγὼ δέ ...
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404 views

Satan: Stumbling Block or Accuser?

I was always taught that Satan meant "stumbling block" or some such. When Jesus cursed Peter saying, "Get behind me Satan" (Matthew 16:23), my parish priest, at least, always says Jesus is saying ...
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181 views

Healing of the Centurion's παῖς (servant, son?) in Matthew 8:5-13

I have heard it said that the Centurion in Matthew 8 was refering to his "παῖς" in the sense of servant or slave, and all translations seem to take it that way. I've heard people go on to say that ...
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324 views

Was there an astronomical origin of the Star of Bethlehem in Matthew 2?

In Matthew 2:1-12, there are mentions of the Star of Bethlehem, specifically Matthew 2:2 and asked, “Where is the one who has been born king of the Jews? We saw his star when it rose and have ...
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387 views

Was the ending of Matthew 28 added later?

In 1905, E.W. Bullinger said that portions of Matthew 28:19 are not found in all Greek manuscripts. Is it true that there is no surviving copy of Matthew 28 before the 3rd century? Was this ending ...
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318 views

What does Jesus mean by “Pray then like this:” before the “Lord's Prayer”

7“And when you pray, do not heap up empty phrases as the Gentiles do, for they think that they will be heard for their many words. 8Do not be like them, for your Father knows what you need before ...
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253 views

Matthew 10:28 - Is there anything linguistic to support eternal torment in this verse?

In Matthew 10:28 is there anything linguistic to support eternal torment in this verse? The natural interpretation obviously is that this teaches annihilationism since he uses the word "destroy" not ...
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399 views

What would Jesus' qualifications have been for a “worthy” person for the disciples to stay within the Matthew 10 narrative?

When Jesus sends the twelve out in Matthew 10, he gives them instructions for what to do when they enter a city that include finding "worthy" citizens there. Matthew 10:11-13 (NASB) 11  And ...
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633 views

Why are fathers missing in Mark 10:30?

Mark 10:29 mentions father, but Mark 10:30 doesn't. Jesus said, “Truly, I say to you, there is no one who has left house or brothers or sisters or mother or father or children or lands, for my ...
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What can we infer from the different nativity accounts in Matthew and Luke?

The gospels attributed to Matthew and Luke narrate very different stories about the birth of Jesus. Matthew says that Jesus' family was from Bethlehem, that wise men brought gifts to their home, that ...
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384 views

Does “Thou hast said”equate to “yes”?

I have encountered "Thou hast said" number of times in the N.T. Perhaps, it can also be found in O.T. I wonder if it is absolutely synonymous to "yes" or it is a way of implying "yes" while not ...
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Peter's Denial and the Rooster Crowing

In Matthew 26:34, we see Jesus telling Peter that before rooster crows, you will disown me three times: “Truly I tell you,” Jesus answered, “this very night, before the rooster crows, you will disown ...
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111 views

Does Matthew 1:25 provide evidence for or against the perpetual virginity of Mary?

Matthew 1:25, regarding Joseph "knowing" Mary, reads: but knew her not until she had given birth to a son. And he called his name Jesus. (ESV) The word "until," in English, typically indicates ...
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133 views

Is the Sermon on the Mount intended to be literal instructions?

Possibly Related Question: Did Jesus teach people to literally pluck their eye out and cut their hand off? The above PRQ is an oft-cited example of proposed hyperbole, and is used completely out ...
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721 views

What does it actually mean “Judge not, that ye be not judged”?

Judge not, that ye be not judged (Matthew 7:1) I have always considered the verb "to judge" to have two meanings: one is to judge in the position of the one having the authority of a judge, that ...
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What does Matthew 18:8-9 say about eternity?

Matthew 18:8-9 (NIV): 8If your hand or your foot causes you to stumble, cut it off and throw it away. It is better for you to enter life maimed or crippled than to have two hands or two feet and ...
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406 views

Was it Jesus' flight to or return from Egypt that fulfilled Hosea 11:1?

This question is related to this one about Matthew 2:14-15. So he got up, took the child and his mother during the night and left for Egypt, where he stayed until the death of Herod. And so was ...
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847 views

Were they Roman guards who watched Jesus' tomb in Matthew 27?

A recent question about the securing of a tomb on the Sabbath made me wonder whether the guards posted at Jesus' tomb in Matthew 27:62-66 are Roman guards (which I guess I'd always assumed) or Jewish ...
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Why does Luke 11:20 read “The Finger of God” instead of “Spirit of God”?

In Matthew's account (12:27-28), we read (All quotes from NIV, all empahsis mine): And if I drive out demons by Beelzebul, by whom do your people drive them out? So then, they will be your judges. ...
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311 views

To what degree does the Didache depend on Matthew or vise versa?

Reading the Didache for the first time, I was struck by many similarities between it and Matthew (particularly the Sermon on the Mount section). For instance, this is from the first chapter of the ...
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Why is Zerah mentioned in Matthew's genealogy?

In Matthew's genealogy of Jesus, he records the names of both of the sons of Judah and Tamar: Perez and Zerah, who were twins. Zerah is not a direct ancestor of Jesus, since the line goes through ...
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88 views

Why are the disciples called “little” in Matthew?

At the end of the missionary discourse in Matthew, Jesus refers to his disciples as "little ones": 10:42 — "And if anyone gives even a cup of cold water to one of these little ones who is my ...
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257 views

What was the historical and cultural context of baptism in the time of Christ?

Throughout the New Testament, beginning with John the Baptist, the concept of baptism is portrayed historically with minimal explanation for what it is or why it is happening. This is continued ...
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Does “the church” in Matthew 18:17 refer to the whole assembly?

In Matthew 18:17, Jesus' instructions on the brother who sins reach a climax: If he refuses to listen to them, tell it to the church. And if he refuses to listen even to the church, let him be to ...
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125 views

Who is Matthew's intended audience for the Sermon on the Mount?

On another question, I've received several answers to the effect that the ethical teachings of the Sermon on the Mount aren't terribly relevant to Christians— that they were given to people ...
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389 views

Would the Pharisees go to Pilate and secure the tomb on the Sabbath?

This is in relation to another post in which the question was asked why the Sabbath was called "the day after the Day of Preparation." It strikes me odd that Pharisees would be about this sort of ...
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872 views

How can the flight to Egypt in Matthew 2:15 be a fulfillment of Hosea 11:1? [duplicate]

I don't understand the basis for dual fulfillment, specifically as referenced: Now when they had departed, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream and said, “Rise, take the ...
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155 views

What are the common solutions to the minor agreements of Matthew and Luke?

There are a number of points where Matthew and Luke agree against Mark in their reading, but which cannot be explained by their supposed reliance on the Q source. For instance, in the narrative of ...
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Does the Holy Spirit have a name

Does the Holy Spirit have a name? In Matthew 28:18-19 says: 18 Then Jesus came to them and said, “All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. 19 Therefore go and make disciples of all ...
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Who are the Sheep and the Goats in Matthew 25?

Soldarnal has already asked who are "the least of these my brothers" in Matthew 25. But I think we also need to ask who are the sheep and the goats? Matthew 25:31-46 we read When the Son of ...
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207 views

Jesus said Resist Not Evil, what is the context?

Perhaps one of the most difficult verses to properly examine the context of is Matt. 5:39, But I say unto you, That ye resist not evil: but whosoever shall smite thee on thy right cheek, turn to ...
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Question about NET note and Symbols for Codex Sinaiticus

I have a basic question about NET Bible footnote. The note for Matt 17:21 says: Many important MSS (א* B Θ 0281 33 579 892 pc e ff1 sys,c sa) do not include 17:21 "But this kind does not go out ...
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362 views

Deliver us from “evil” or “the evil one” – help from the Semitists?

Matthew 6:13 ESV And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil. But NIV And do not lead us into temptation, but deliver us from the evil one. UBS5 καὶ μὴ εἰσενέγκῃς ἡμᾶς ...
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Why is there numerical ambiguity in Matthew 18:21-22?

Matthew 18:21-22 (NIV) 21 Then Peter came to Jesus and asked, “Lord, how many times shall I forgive my brother or sister who sins against me? Up to seven times?” 22 Jesus ...
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Matt. 9:6: Translation of ἐγερθεὶς

The Greek text according to the: Textus Receptus ἵνα δὲ εἰδῆτε ὅτι ἐξουσίαν ἔχει ὁ υἱὸς τοῦ ἀνθρώπου ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς ἀφιέναι ἁμαρτίας τότε λέγει τῷ παραλυτικῷ Ἐγερθεὶς ἆρόν σου τὴν κλίνην καὶ ὕπαγε ...
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How did a prisoner pay back debt?

How did a prisoner pay back debt in a 1st century prison? In Matthew 18:21-35 there is a prison that debtors go to payback their debts. Is this done by working there? Were some people there already ...
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What did Jesus mean when he called the Pharisees “A brood of vipers”?

In Matthew 12:34 when Jesus is speaking to the Pharisees it is written, (NIV) You brood of vipers,how can you who are evil say anything good? For out of the overflow of the heart the mouth ...
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136 views

Why is the lesson of the fig tree a “parable”?

Unless I have a misunderstanding about what a parable is, I feel that this is not a parable: Matthew 24:32 (KJV) Now learn a parable of the fig tree; When his branch is yet tender, and putteth ...
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309 views

What does Jesus mean by “father” In Matthew 23:9?

Matthew 23:9 (ESV) But you are not to be called rabbi, for you have one teacher, and you are all brothers. And call no man your father on earth, for you have one Father, who is in heaven. ...
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954 views

Parable of the sower, the seed which fell on stony places?

In Matthew 13, concerning the parable of the sower, Matthew says: Some fell on stony places, where they did not have much earth; and they immediately sprang up because they had no depth of earth. ...
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For Whom has the Right and Left hand of Jesus been prepared?

Mark records the following, 10:35 Then James and John, the sons of Zebedee, came to him. “Teacher,” they said, “we want you to do for us whatever we ask.” 36 “What do you want me to do for ...
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589 views

Parallelism in the Beatitudes

3 Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. 4 Blessed are those who mourn, for they will be comforted. 5 Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit ...
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409 views

What is the name of Jesus in the Peshitta text?

In Matthew 1:21 what is the name of Jesus in the Peshitta text? Is it the same as the name given in Luke 3:29, Acts 7:45 and Hebrews 4:8 which is rendered as Joshua in English?
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867 views

Does the New Testament predict Jesus' return on Rosh Hashanah?

The day of the Lord's return is sometimes associated with trumpets in the New Testament: For the Lord himself will descend from heaven with a cry of command, with the voice of an archangel, and ...
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9k views

Why does Jesus refuse to help the Syrophoenician woman, and then help her?

Jon Ericson has already asked a question about the "odd little story" of Jesus' interaction with the Syrophoenician woman, and more could be asked (e.g., What is the main point of the story in ...
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236 views

Matthew 27:62: “the day that followed the day of the preparation” - Why not call Sabbath a Sabbath?

In the following verse Matthew 27:62 Now the next day, that followed the day of the preparation, the chief priests and Pharisees came together unto Pilate Why didn't Matthew simply say "on ...
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437 views

Was Jesus unaware of Joel 2:32?

Matthew records Jesus saying: Not everyone who says to me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ will enter the kingdom of heaven, but the one who does the will of my Father who is in heaven. On that day many will say to ...
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260 views

Is Matthew 13:18-23 specific to Matthew's congregation?

Is there any textual evidence to suggest that the explanations to Jesus' parables such as the explanation given to the disciples regarding the Parable of the Sower in Matthew 13:18-23 were not Jesus' ...
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114 views

What is the correct translation and meaning of Matt. 11:19?

Matt. 11:19 says,(KJV) " The Son of man came eating and drinking, and they say, Behold a man gluttonous, and a winebibber, a friend of publicans and sinners. But wisdom is justified of her ...
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How should we understand the quotations and translations of “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?”

In Matthew 27:46, the author quotes Jesus (NA28, ESV): ηλι ηλι λεμα σαβαχθανι; Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani? and translates: Θεέ μου θεέ μου, ἱνατί με ἐγκατέλιπες; My God, my God, why have ...